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ELDER AMOS DRESSER, JR. 



CONTENTS. 



Current Nates 2 

Masoni-y— A Discussion 3 

Secret Societies 7 

Deviil Worship dn France 8 

Created Masons "On Sight" 9 

To Our Contribntors 9 

Our Symposium— Should the Ohuiroh Fel- 
lowship Lodge Members? 10 

Editorial— Naaman's Excuse 14 

Not Sure of Her 14 

It Looks Suspicious 14 

Evil Things .15 



Amti-Secret Churches ., 15 

Pix>fane Swearling 16 

Jephtha's Vow 16 

Our Question Drawer 16 

News of Our Work 18 

Our AmnuaJl Mieeting 20 

Iowa State Convention 20 

From Our Mail 21 

Obituaries— Wm. Church Bisisell and Malt- 

thew L. Worcester 22 

How to Prepare a Manuscript 23 

Book Notices 23 



NflTIONE GHRlSTIfiN ftSSOGlATION. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," w&s formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., tn 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the lawB of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Ghristiani Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and' the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is interdenominational. 
Tbe president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Oon- 
gregationial, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical, 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison. 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicagx). 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon- 
mouth, 111. 

Recording Secretary— -Mrs. M. C. Baker, 14 
North May street, Chicago. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure — Rev. M. A. 
Gault, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. WMpple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass., 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Toledo, Ohio; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St. Paul, Minn^; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, WasMiiigton, D. C. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, MAY, 1898. 



NUMBER 1 



rUl^-LISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TERnS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICE —Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.-Wc find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they t.iil to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to disconlniue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, it we are advised tliat a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, c.nd to send no bill for 
the msuing year. 



Every orreat Christian reform \vill be 
successful in ratio to the earnest beUeving 
prayers behind it. 



We trust that the coming annual meet- 
ing will be a season of spiritual revival 
and renewal of strength for our great 
work. 



The business session of the approach- 
ing annual meeting will be held Thurs- 
da}^, May 12, in the ''upper room" of the 
Carpenter Building, at 221 West Madi- 
son street, convening sharply at 10:30 
a. m. All interested in meeting the 
agents and hearing of the progress of 
our work are invited to be present. 



The afternoon session will be held in 
the Chicago Avenue Church, convening 
at 2 o'clock. It will be occupied with an 
address by Rev. S. H. Swartz, and pa- 
pers by Mrs. Nora E. Kellogg, of Whea- 
ton, and Elizabeth E. Flagg, of Boston. 
These will be followed by a general dis- 
cussion. 



The evening session will be held in the 
same church at 7:30 and will be address- 
ed by President C. A. Blanchard, after 
which there will be interesting testimo- 
nies bv those who have come out of the 
lodge. Come prepared to remain for the 
evening session. There are good restau- 
rants in the vicinity of the church and 
every facility for rest and refreshments. 
Come and bring as many of your friends 
as vou can. 



The following advice given by one who 
had been drawn into a jNIasonic lodge 
seems worth repeating: "My dear sister, 
don't imagire that Masonry cares much 
for your prejudice or condemnation, or 
for anything excel jt the light you can 
turn directly on to simple facts. Know a 
few facts that touch your own heart, such, 
for example, as the despotism of the sec- 
cret empire, requiring implicit obedience 
with surrender of 'private judgment,' or 
the absolute exclusion of Christ's name in 
every way, or the necessity of keeping 
personal secrets for a bad man, when, un- 
der any other circumstances whatever 
thev should be told." 



The long expected European war 
seems really to break upon the world. 
Our present war with Spain will almost 
certainly involve European nations. The 
greatest danger to our own country is 
not from the battleships of Spain, but 
from the discontented and divided con- 
dition of our own people. The method 
of raising revenue to carry on the war, 
whether it shall be an income tax laying 
the heaviest of the burden upon the rich, 
or a tax upon the necessaries of life, so 
that the poor may be most heavily bur- 
dened — this is the question which the 
masses are concerned about, and which 
may drive the poor to despair and insur- 
rection. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



^lansfield, Ohio, a city of 16,000 peo- 
ple, has forty secret lodges and only six- 
teen churches. \\'ith few exceptions the 
men above 21, and many of the women, 
are in these lodges. The churches have 
to subsist largely from the crumbs that 
fall from these lodges' tables. 



The National Reform Association has 
formulated an appeal to President Mc- 
Kinley to proclaim a day of fasting and 
prayer. President Lincoln did this in re- 
sponse to an appeal from the same asso- 
ciation during the civil w^ar. It remains 
to be seen whether the religious mind of 
the President and the country are as re- 
sponsive novv as then. We doubt it. 



The Record of this city reported 378 
known cases of suicide in Chicago last 
year, and over 100 more doubtful cases, 
the majority of which were doubtless sui- 
cides. It says in the last twenty years 
there have been over 10,000 suicides in 
Chicago. What a fearful light does this 
throw upon the moral and social condi- 
tion of this city ! 



Rev. W. H. Carwardine discussed 
"The Seventy-ninth Anniversary of Odd- 
fellowship in America" on Sabbath 
morning, April 24, in the Adams Street 
M. E. Church. The Electric and More- 
land I. O. O. F. lodges attended in a 
body. But we may rest assured the Holy 
Spirit was not present, for to glorify 
Christless Cddfellowship is not to glorify 
Christ. That which conduces to the Holy 
Spirit's presence is that the service must 
tend to the honor of Christ. 



By a unanimous vote the Building 
Trades Council recently decided to in- 
dorse the new scale of wages and work- 
ing rules of the carpenters and joiners, 
which means that in the event of a gen- 
eral strike the carpenters will have the 
undivided support of the trades repre- 
sented in the council. All of the unions 
have held special meetings to receive the 
report of the canvassing board and to 
make arrangements for a strike if the offi- 
cers of the district council shall order 
one. 



is in St. Louis, arrived here to-day and 
went at once to the police station, where 
he appealed for protection. He says his 
name is John Bergstrom and that he fled 
from St. Louis to avoid assassinatiooi. 
There was a certain society in that city, 
he said, which had marked him for 
death." 



What has been accomplished during 
the past year in the anti-secret reform is 
a question that suggests itself as we send 
out tliis first issue of the thirty-first vol- 
ume of The Cynosure. Despite all our 
labors and admonitions, it must be con- 
fessed that new lodges have sprung into 
existence like May mushrooms, and 
nearly all lodges have increased in mem- 
bership. But the fact remains that the 
situation would have been much worse 
if we had failed to raise our testimony 
against this evil. American slavery be- 
came more dominant and defiant up till 
the very hour of its overthrow\ The same 
is true of the liquor powder, and we have 
no reason to expect that it will be other- 
wise with the secret lodge system. It is 
our mission to lift up a standard for the 
people. This is an indispensable condi- 
tion of victory. 



The Odd Fellow puts it after this fash- 
ion: "By the time they had tamed the 
cat of the Hoo Hoos, crossed the desert 
with the Shriners, partaken of the hos- 
pitalities of the Elks, made a stump 
speech to the Woodmen, hopped, skipped 
and jumped with the Knights of Pythias, 
memorized seventy-seven degrees of Ma- 
sonry, hunted big game with the Forest- 
ers, paid assessments and passed the med- 
ical examination of the Workmen, took 
cold douches and hot baths with the 
Good Templars, tramped through the 
rain and mud with the G. A. R., gone 
through a political campaign with the A. 
P. A., they would be fully prepared, if 
not incapacitated by nervous prostration, 
to take the obligation of Oddfellowship, 
and find 'rest' in our order. Once in, 
they would find it so lovely and so Chris- 
tian-like that there would be no tempta- 
tion to get out." 



A dispatch from Sacramento, Cal., 
dated Oct. 4, says: ''An old man, who 
was well dressed and who says his home 



A recent item iii a PhiLadelp'hia paper 
shows how tihe secret lodge is strength- 
ening its hold upon the legislation' of our 
country. It says: "The joint commit- 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



te€s of the several tribes of Red Men and 
Brotberhood of the Union, of Camden, 
who were appointed to confer with ref- 
erence to the recent numerous decisions 
in the courts agains't the secret societies 
have come to the conclusion that organi- 
zation for protection is necessary, and 
w411 ;hold a meeting with this object in 
view to-morrow afternoon in Red ]\Ien's 
Hall, Camden. Besides the committees 
mentioned above, it is expected thai many 
other lodges will send representatives. It 
IS propos-ed to frame a bill protecting the 
secret societies and have the same pre- 
senled at the next session of the Legisla- 
ture. Good legal talent will be secured, 
and the lodges mean to put up a strong 
fight." 



MASONRY.— A DISCUSSION. 

Beticeen Professor John Augustus WlUiams, of 

Harrodshurg, Ky., and Professor Srirqj- 

son Ely, of Kirksville, Mo. 



Elder Amos Dresser, Jr., the subject of 
our tirst-page portrait, was born in Xew^ 
Richmond, Ohio, in 1843, of parents de- 
scended from the Huguenots and Pil- 
grims. His childhood was spent in Ober- 
lin, Ohio, under the ministry of Rev. 
Charles G. Finney. In 1864 and 1865 he 
was in the employ of Ticknor & Fields, 
Boston, Mass., in connection with the 
publication of the Atlantic ^Monthly. He 
then married Miss Rhoda Roberts, of 
\\'est Williamsiield, Ohio, and during 
the next fifteen years was a resident of 
Pentwater. ^vlich., where his father was 
preaching and was editor and publisher 
of the News. Having sold this paper, he 
removed to Chicago, and was in the em- 
ploy- of ^^farder Luse & Co. until the 
house was merged into the American 
Type Founders' Company, when he ac- 
cepted a position with the National 
Christian Association. From 1889 his 
residence was in \Mieaton, 111., where he 
was instrumental in founding the College 
Printing Press. In 1896 he was called 
to the position of manager of the Zion 
Publishing House, 6100 Stony Island 
avenue, Chicago, which position he still 
occupies. At this plant three presses are 
kept busy in printing Leaves of Healing 
and other literature from the pen of Rev. 
Alex. Dowie, General Overseer of the 
Christian Catholic Church. 



Xo journal like the Ladies Home Jour- 
nal for true to life sketches and pictures. 
Its ''After-dinner stories and anecdotes 
are well worth its price. 



impeachmp:nts of masonkv. — xo. vii.. by 

PKOFKSSOK ELY. 

Xo. 21. I impeach Masonry because 
its votaries will not come out into the 
light and defend it in honorable discus- 
sion. — When I published the above im- 
peachment, I had never found a ^lason 
who would consent to debate the merits 
of this question with me. They always 
refused, on the ground that it is un-Ma- 
sonic to enter upon such discussions. It 
had always seemed to be their policy to 
let us severely alone. "^lum was the 
word."' It was refreshing, at last, to find 
a man of John Augustus Williams' prom- 
inence and ability, willing to debate the 
subject with me. Henceforward, when 
I make this charge against ]\Iasonry, I 
will have to except him! But even he 
dare not state the hidden workings of the 
lodge, and defend them openly. 

The histor}' of Masonry has, to a con- 
siderable extent, been a history of perse- 
cution against those who have dared to 
expose its workings by tongue or by pen. 
r\Iany names could be given here of men 
Vvho have been the victims of ^Masonic 
cruelty and hatred. I mention a few of 
these. Freemasonry was instituted at 
Apple Tree Tavern, in London, England, 
in the years i'/i/-'2i. Its secrets did not 
remain secret very long. The first ex- 
posure was made to the world by Sam 
Pritchard, in 1730. Pritchard was a man 
above reproach. He was soon afterward 
found in the street with his throat cut 
from ear to ear. 

William ^Miller, at Belfast, Ireland, was 
executed in the lodge chamber when he 
thought a new degree in ^lasonry was to 
be given him. He was strangled, and 
then his throat was cut, and then his left 
side and breast were cut open so as to 
show his heart. This ^lasonic murder 
was reported and sworn to by a very un- 
willing Masonic witness. The abduction 
and drowning of William ^lorgan has al- 
ready been referred to. Following his 
murder, there was such a reaction against 
Masonry, among ^lasons themselves, 
that about fortv-live thousand out of fiftv 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



thousand ^lasons in the North withdrew 
from the lodges, many of them making 
open renunciation of the institution. 

At Kellerton, Iowa, as recently as 1881, 
attempt was made upon the life of D. P. 
Rathburn, a \A>sleyan IMethodist preach- 
er, because he made public renunciation 
of ]\Iasonrv. I could almost write a book 
giving a history of slander, abuse, ostra- 
cism, and other forms of persecution, 
heaped upon men who have renounced 
]\Iasonry and exposed its workings. Sure- 
ly their exposures are true, else why 
should ]\Iasons become so incensed? If 
my readers want a more thorough knowl- 
edge of these things let them write to 
A\'m. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago. I have not space for 
more. 

22. I impeach Masonry because it 
gives itself to wa3'S that are dark and to 
tricks that are vain. I need not spend 
time upon this impeachment. The meth- 
ods of Masonry are necessarily clandes- 
tine. It is a secret order. Its very genius 
is opposed to open, frank conditions. It 
is a bird of night, and, true to its owlish 
character, its work is under cover of the 
darkness. 

Its tricks are vain. It catches men by 
its pompous style and high sounding 
names and titles. Listen to these: Wor- 
shipful Master, Most Excellent Master, 
Super Excellent Master, Most Worship- 
ful Grand Master, Deputy Grand Master, 
Illustrious G. M., Deputy Illustrious G. 
M., Thrice Illustrious G. M., Sovereign 
Ad^aster, High Priest, Thrice Potent Mas- 
ter, Right Worshipful and Respectable 
Master, Sir Knight Master of the Palace, 
and so on and on. The above are only a 
few of the titles. How unlike the sim- 
plicity of Him who said, "Call on man 
Master." O for a Don Quixote to bur- 
lesque Masonry as it deserves. And the 
pomp and the heraldry, and the gorgeous 
regalia all appeal to men's love of vanity 
and display, and are all alike opposed to 
Him whose manner and religion is so 
conspicuously free from spectacular ef- 
fects. The farther removed an institu- 
tion is from Christ the more it usually 
gives itself to display of ceremony. 

23. I impeach Masonry because it is 
clannish, and so opposed to the common 
brotherhood of humanity. I was com- 
pelled to treat this subject under another 
impeachment, hence I shall dismiss it 



with few words here. I do not believe 
my opponent will negative this impeach- 
ment. It is an institution organized only 
for Masons. It throws its wall of pro- 
tection about them, and them only. Its 
benefits are for the "brethren of the or- 
der." The universal good has never 
dawned upon its promoters. If they have 
a broader spirit it is because they are too 
large for Masonry, and have imbibed 
something of the Christ Spirit. Catho- 
licity and Masonry can have nothing in 
common. The one is born from above, 
and is spiritual; the other is from be- 
neath, and is carnal. 

24. I impeach Masonry because it ex- 
cludes from its benefits (?) the poor, the 
outcast, the deaf, the dumb, the halt, the 
blind and the lame. Those who were the 
especial objects of our blessed Savior's 
love and benevolence would be black- 
balled by Masonry. 

This impeachment, which I consider of 
very great weight, needs no argument. 
My friend. Prof. Williams, will be com- 
pelled to admit it. Masonry grants the 
most needy ones of earth no protection. 
Those who have no need get the help. 
This is easy to understand. It is an order 
that is born of selfishness. Like insur- 
ance companies, it rejects a man unless 
there is a reasonable hope of getting 
more out of him than it expects to confer 
upon him. This excludes the very poor 
from membership, and the unfortunates 
and the aged. It assumes an air of great 
respectability, and this excludes the out- 
cast! lesus showed that his religion was 
from heaven, because it caused the blind 
to see, the dumb to speak, the deaf to 
hear, the lepers to be cleansed, the lame 
to walk, and the poor to receive the gos- 
pel. For these reasons the insignia of 
heaven was upon him. From whence 
comes Masonry w^hich excludes every 
one of these? Simpson Ely. 

Kirkville, Mo. 



REPLY TO IMPEACHMENTS.— jSTO. VII., BY PRO- 
FESSOR WILLIAMS. 

No. 21. "Masons will not defend their 
institution by honorable discussion." 
This objection is like nearly all the others 
— it is not worded for proper dicussion. 
One cannot tell whether Brother Ely 
means to censure Masons for dodging de- 
bate, or to accuse them of dishonor. To 
save space, I shall take it in the first sense 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



only, as in the second it is only vitupera- 
tion. 

The only proof that he adduces that 
Masons will not defend the order is his 
statement that he has not been able to 
get any of them to debate with him ! This 
may be true, and still his "impeachment" 
be false. It by no means follows, because 
none have accepted his challenge, that, 
therefore, even they would avoid a proper 
discussion of the subject. Bro. Ely has 
no moral or logical right, therefore, if he 
shows himself to be bitter or abusive to- 
ward them, to complain should they po- 
litely decline to debate with him. Now, 
even in a deliberate, written discussion 
like the present, he has, though ignorant- 
ly, as I hope, stigmatized the fraternity as 
liars, protectors of criminals, hypocritical 
stabbers of the Christ, semi-pagans, rob- 
bers of churches, midnight schemers 
against good men, unbridled in lust, slan- 
derers, murderers, and some of them he 
characterizes as "lecherous infidel dogs;" 
he pronounces their charity unadulter- 
aied selfishness, a delusion and a snare; 
and a])plies other such epithets to them 
which are too numerous to quote and too 
offensive to refute! 

But Bro. Ely ought to have learned, 
long ago, that Masons have time and 
again discussed the subject with learned 
and candid opponents, until our libraries 
are filled with controversial writings. But 
he seems to know nothing of this branch 
of our literature. It may be well, there- 
fore, to note right here some of his mis- 
takes m history. He says that Freema- 
sonry was instituted in London in 1717. 
Now, certain iconoclasts, from whom he 
derived that notion, have long ago been 
exposed and refuted. It was not Free- 
masonry, but the first Grand Lodge of 
Masons that was instituted at that date; 
and that, too, necessarily, from pre-exist- 
ent old lodges, of great antiquity. 

Long before the date at which he fixes 
the birth of Freemasonry, the question of 
its antiquity had already excited much 
interest among antiquarians. A Catholic 
•priest, the Abbe Larudan, in bitter hostil- 
ity to the Institution, wrote a book-, about 
the time that Bro. Ely says Masonry was 
instituted, to prove that Oliver Cromwell 
invented it in 1646 for political ends! 
Bro. Ely says further that one Samuel 
Prichard, in 1730, was the first man to 
publish an expose of Masonry! By the 



way. Dr. Anderson, in .the same year, re- 
plied to that book, and his valuable dis- 
cussion is a text-book on Masonry to- 
day. Bro. Ely, who thinks ^^lasons never 
discuss, has, of course, never heard of 
that book ! 

He much mistakes in supposing Prich- 
ard was the first to publish a pretended 
expose. Did he never hear of a book call- 
ed "An Analysis of the Unchanged Rites 
and Ceremonies of the Freemasons?" 
That work was published in England in 
1676, more than half a century before 
Prichard wrote, and forty years before 
there were any Freem.asons in the world, 
according to Bro. Ely's dates! And did 
he never hear of the "History of the Free- 
masons," an anti-Masonic work by Dr. 
Plot, an eminent professor at Oxford? 
That work traces Freemasonry back into 
the dim centuries before, and it was writ- 
ten fifty years before there w^ere any Free- 
masons! An able defense against Plot's 
accusations may be found to-day among 
Dr. Oliver's works, notwithstanding the 
assertion that Masons will not defend 
their order! ' - 

In the "Bibliography of Freemason- 
ry," by Kloss, a distinguished German 
author, Bro. Ely may find a list of Ma- 
sonic works published many years ago, 
and numberng 6,000 volumes, on the his- 
tory, philosophy and principles of Free- 
masonry, in some of which volumes the 
institution is attacked and defended and 
discussed ad nauseum. Evidently Free- 
masonry is an older and grander institu- 
tion than he has ever conceived of! And 
has he never read or heard of a book pub- 
lished many years before 171 7, called 
"The Grand Mysteries of the Freema- 
sons Discovered?" Or, still another, 
printed before Prichard's day, called 
"The Secrets of the Freemasons, Acci- 
dentally Discovered?" And I might 
greatly enlarge this list of such works, all 
published long before the "unprincipled 
and needy" Prichard, as Dr. Oliver calls 
him, ever penned a word. Yet Bro. Ely 
asserts that Freemasonry did not exist 
till Prichard's day, and that he was the 
first man that ever wrote to expose it! 
I have mentioned these facts in order to 
persuade him, if I can, that he ought not 
to relv too much on his present knowl- 
edge of Masonry. But I will cite one 
more instance of his mistakes, and. close 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



this review of his twenty-first "impeach- 
ment." 

He asserts that, after Prichard wrote 
his "Masonry Dissected," he was found 
one morning lying in the streets of Lon- 
don with his throat cut! He does not teU 
us who did it, but leaves us to guess that 
it was done by the Freemasons! But the 
strangest thing about the whole story is, 
tliat Bro. Ely believes every word of it. 
He ought to know that the world is in- 
debted for this wild story of poor Prich- 
ard's death to that same Catholic priest 
that v.TOte a book, about that time, to 
prove that Oliver Cromwell invented 
Masonry one hundred years before. That 
priest does not vouch for the story on his 
own knowledge ; but says he heard it ru- 
mored in Holland that the Masons drag- 
ged Prichard one night into the hall of 
tlie Grand Lodge and killed him and 
burnt his body to ashes, and then sent 
out notices to all the lodges throughout 
tlie world of what they had done. So 
Bro. Elv has not learned even that story 
Dro]jer]v. Sam Prichard simply died as 
he had lived — in obscurity in London. 
But enough, the reader will say, of all this 
nonsense. 

No. 22, I will not consume space in 
noticing this characteristic accusation 
further than to say that his favorite 
ci large of "ways that are dark," has been 
ansvrered already, and that Bro. Ely en- 
tirely refutes it himself, by declaring, as 
he has done emphatically, that "all the 
dark secrets" of Masonry have been so 
often and fully divulged that they may 
be considered as public property. 

As to "tricks that are vain," Bro. Ely, 
as the interpreter of his own poetry, tells 
us that he means the ritual, titles and the 
oc casional regalia of Masons. As to cer- 
tain titles, which sound so grandiloquent 
to uninitiated ears, I shall only quote 
Albert Pike, who says, "All these titles 
have an esoteric meaning consistent with 
modesty and equality; and which those 
v7ho receive them should fully under- 
stand." As to the "regalia" or clothing 
of a Mason, I admit that in some lodges 
there is occasionally seen an excess of 
decoration that is not, I think, in har- 
mony with the spirit of Masonry. But 
this excess is by no means general among 
educated Masons. The proper clothing 
of a Master Mason is strictly symbolic, 
and always in perfect taste. When duly 



clothed, he is dressed simply as a gentle- 
man, wearing a pure, white unadorned 
lamb-skin apron, clean white gloves, and, 
if an officer, the jewel of his rank. If any 
oi mv brethren of the Craft violate this 
simplicity, Bro. Ely has my permission to 
criticise them kindly. 

No. 23. Bro. Ely, in a former paper, 
impeached Masonry because "Christians, 
Jews, Mohammedans, Deists and infidels 
are all brought into fellowship;" in this 
paper he impeaches Masonry because "it 
is opposed to the common brotherhood 
of humanity." We leave these two "im- 
peachments" to refute each other; while 
we pass on to his next charge ! 

No. 24. This objection, also, has been 
thoroughly exposed and answered in an- 
other number of these papers. Bro. Ely, 
it seems, cannot imderstand that Masonic 
charity is universal, and by no means 
confined to members of the lodge; that 
it is broader than the lodge ; and that ex- 
clusion from membership is not exclu- 
sion from its sympathy and aid. When, 
therefore, he enmnerates a class of un- 
fortunates whom we do not receive into 
the lodge, as being, for that reason, shut 
out from our hearts, also, he does not 
reason with fairness. I have illustrated 
this sophism before. His own church ex- 
cludes from its membership certain help- 
less and unfortunate ones, like the poor, 
little orphan child, for example. Can I 
honestly reason that he, therefore, ex- 
cludes that helpless one from all the bene- 
fits of his charities? Yet that is just the 
way he reasons about Masonry ! 

John Aug. Williams. 

Plarrodsburg, Ky. 



"Bring men to Christ and get them fill- 
ed with the spirit and they will then have 
no use for the lodge," is what many say 
and thus excuse themselves from utter- 
ing any outspoken testimony against the 
evil. The trouble is, men must be con- 
victed of the sin of being in the lodge be- 
fore they can come to Christ or have the 
indwelling spirit. 



The Cynosure will not only visit your 
home each week, keeping yourself and 
family in touch with the work and liter- 
ature of the movement, but it will af- 
ford you an opportunity of circulating 
it among your neighbors and interesting 
them in the cause. 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 



•CONCLUSION OF AN ADDRESS BEFORE THE 

U. P. SYNOD OF ILLINOIS, BY REV. W. T. 

CAMPBELL, D. D. 



Ill— SECRET SOCIETIES ARE UNrATllIOTIC. 

A few quotations will serve to illustrate 
and enforce this proposition. The evi- 
dence brought out in one of the courts 
of our own State, a few years ago, show- 
ed, as one has said, "the worst features 
of a murderous conspiracy, hatched in a 
factional hotbed of a vast secret organiza- 
tion which extended across the conti- 
nent." We join with the same writer in 
saying that, "the absolute infernality 
which lay at the bottom, and led to the 
murder of Doctor Cronin, may by the 
fostering care of other, and more re- 
spectable, secret orders grow to a serpent 
tj^vining around our republic as the ser- 
pent twined around the Laocoon of old." 

The Clan-na-Gael and Mafia, and kin- 
dred associations, have already proved 
to be detrimental to patriotism, and dan- 
gerous to American society. Let similar 
conditions arise in other social and semi- 
political organizations, and who is able 
to predict the consequences ? Our best 
and truest statesmen have feared the re- 
sult of having American society honey- 
combed by these secret associations. 
Daniel Webster said, "All secret asso- 
ciations, the members of which take upon 
themselves extraordinary obligations to 
one another, and are bound together by 
secret oaths, are dangerous to the general 
cause of civil liberty and just govern- 
ment." Wendell Phillips said, "Secret 
societies are a great evil; entirely out of 
place in a republic, and no patriot should 
join or uphold them." John Quincy 
Adams declared, "I am prepared to com- 
plete the demonstration before God and 
man, that the Masonic oaths, obligations, 
and penalties cannot by any possibility 
be reconciled to the laws of morality, of 
Christianity, or of the land." 

This list of personal witnesses might 
be extended without limit, but after all 
had borne testimony some one- might 
say, "I can produce men, equal in num- 
ber, and just as eminent in statesmanship, 
wdio will speak, in the most unqualified 
terms, in favor of secret societies." Let 
us therefore drop the personal testimony, 
and adopt another method in our investi- 



gations. The charge -made by President 
Millard Fillmore, J. C. Spencer, and 
others was, "The Masonic Fraternity, 
tramples upon our rights, defeats the ad- 
ministration of justice, and bids defiance 
to every government which it cannot con- 
trol." What evidence can be 1)rought 
to prove the correctness of this charge? 
Mackey, in his Lexicon of Free Masonry, 
page 185, says, "The Grand Lodge is 
the supreme court of appeal in all Ma- 
sonic cases, and to its decrees unlimited 
obedience must be paid, by every lodge 
and every Mason situated within its con- 
trol." 

Case, in his Digest of Masonry, speak- 
ing of the Grand Lodge,' says it has abso- 
lute power to do the following : 

1. "To erase, extinguish, or destroy 
any local lodge at its pleasure." 

2. "To tax lodges and individual Ma- 
sons, at its sole discretion." 

3. "To withdraw the charter of any 
local lodge, and confiscate and seize all 
its money, property, papers and effects." 

4. "To expel individual Masons from 
the craft." 

5. "To inflict punishment on the per- 
sons of Masons without limitation or re- 
striction but by its own discretion." 

Such is a Grand Lodge in its self-con- 
stituted character and limitless power. In 
its supreme assumption it demands ab- 
solute subjugation and subjection. It 
claims the powxr of taxation without as- 
signed limit, of punishment without re- 
dress, and of confiscation of property 
without any appeal. About the time of 
the close of the civil war the Grand 
Lodge of the State of Louisiana reported 
that a messenger had been sent through 
the lines of the Northern army, had per- 
formed a very important mission in the 
interests of the South, and had been per- 
mitted to pass back through the Union 
lines unmolested, and then closed its re- 
port by complimenting and commend- 
ing, the brotherhood of jNIasonry which 
made such a venture possible. All this 
because of the fact that the command- 
ing officer of that particular department 
of the Union army was a Mason. 

The official report of the Grand Lodge 
of the State of Missouri, for the year 1867, 
contains this statement, "Not only do we 
know no North, no South, no East, no 
West, but we know no government save 
our own. To every government, save 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



that of ^Masonry, and to each and all 
alike, we are foreigners. We are a na- 
tion of men bound to each other only by 
^Masonic ties as citizens of the world, and 
that world the world of Masonry, breth- 
ren to each other all the world over, for- 
eigners to all the world beside." Joseph 
Cook, in commenting on this declaration, 
says, "If it is not bimcombe and brag- 
gadocio, it is treason. Perhaps it is both. 
It would not mean much if an ill-balanced 
man, some unauthorized writer, were to 
utter sentiments of this sort; but every 
now and then declarations of this kind 
crop out and they are not repudiated. 
They are adopted, and printed, and scat- 
tered all over the land. The time has 
come when we must notice such threats. 
If disloyalty of this sort is anything but 
mere brass, it might lead to blood." 

There might be somic very interesting 
chapters of history written respecting the 
influence of secrecy as connected with 
the origin, and early progress, of the civil 
war. There have been the most positive 
statements made in regard to its later suc- 
cesses, when Lincoln, and Seward, and 
Stanton, and Grant — all non, if not posi- 
tivel}^, anti-lodge men^stood at the head 
of the several departments, directed the 
lo3'al and patriotic forces of the nation. 
As a proof that we have not over-reached 
in our representation of the unpatriotic 
character of these orders, we submit a 
single sentence, found in Well's Freema- 
son ]\Ionitor, page 195, the production 
of Robert Morris, who in 1884 received 
the distinction of Poet Laureate of Ma- 
sonry: "The Masonic law has little of 
the Repubhcan or Democratic spirit 
about it." 



DEVIL WORSHIP IN FRANCE. 



BY REV. W. FENTON. 



The above is the title of a book written 
by Arthur Edvv'ard Waite to refute the 
testimony of several anti-Masonic writers 
who afiirm that the Masonic fraternity 
practices devil worship in France. 
Whether he has succeeded in refuting 
their testimony or not, he convinces the 
elect of God that he himself, along with 
the entire Masonic fraternity, are devil 
worshipers, and that, by one sentence in 
the closing paragraph of his book. He 
savs: "With all brethren of the frater- 



nity, 'we also do believe in the resurrec- 
tion of Hiram.' " 

Now, no intelligent person knowing 
and loving the truth needs to be told 
that the resurrection of Hiram is a Ma- 
sonic falsehood about the Bible; and that 
it is a falsehood which every Freemason 
must of absolute necessity substitute for 
the fact of the resurrection of Jesus 
Christ in order that he may be damned, 
havmg pleasure in the falsehood which 
is designed by the Masonic fraternity to 
nullify the fact of the resurrection of Je- 
sus Christ. Furthermore, Masonic au- 
thors, and Masonic lecturers, right in the 
heart of Blue Lodge Masonry, do boldly 
affirm their own identification of Hiram 
with all the other aliases of Satan made 
use of in the pagan demonologies where- 
by Satan is worshiped. So we have, taken 
in connection with the fraternity's own 
publication — Ecce Orienti — the unim- 
peachable sworn testimony of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity itself to the fact that the 
cultus of Freemasonry, whether Satan in 
personal, physical form appears in the 
lodge room or not, is devil worship, and 
every Freemason a devil worshiper. And 
this is as certainly the truth as that the 
Mason bended his naked knee at the Ma- 
sonic altar, prayed to the Masonic god, 
invoked his aid to be true to Masonry, 
and there and then swore to have his 
throat cut from ear to ear and his tongue 
torn out by its roots if he did not forever 
conceal from all of us, whom Masonry 
designates as belonging to "the outer and 
profane world," all the diablerie of Free- 
masonry to be "communicated to him at 
any future period." 

The resurrection of Jesus Christ is tO' 
God's people the most important fact 
knovv^n to them in God's plan of redemp- 
tion; without it, "all is lost!" And has 
been lost ever since. 

" in evil hour, 

Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd,. 

she eat! 
Earth felt the wound, and Nature from 

her seat, 
Sighing through all her works, gave 

signs of woe, 
That all v/as lost! Back to the thicket 

slunk 
The guilty serpent." 

That "Thicket" symbolizes ancient 
and modern secret lodges. There the 
devil secretes himself to-day in secure pos- 



Mav, 1^9^. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



session of the souls of all who worship 
there. While the resurrection of Jesus 
Christ is the central fact in Christianity, 
the resurrection of Hiram is the central 
falsehood in Freemasonry; and it is the 
falsehood by which Freemasons teach 
their doctrine of resurection and immor- 
tality of the soul. But as surely as all 
lies may be said to have their foundation 
in hell — the final abode of the father of 
lies — so surely will all who believe that 
lie go to hell, their own place, the final 
abode of all liars. 

"I." Christ Jesus, "am the Alpha and 
the Omeo^a. the first and the last, the be- 
ginning and the end. Happy are they 
who wash their robes, that they may have 
right to the tree of life, and may enter by 
the gates into the city. \Mthout are the 
dogs, and the fornicators, and the mur- 
derers, and the idolaters, and every one 
that loves and does a lie." — Rev. xxii.. 13- 
i;. 



CREATED MASONS "ON SIGHT. 



Under the above heading the Public 
Ledger, of Philadelphia, in its issue of 
April, contains the following item of in- 
formation concerning the entry of three 
prominent citizens into the secret lodge : 

"The unusual ceremony of creating a 
Mason on sight was conducted on 
\\'ednesday afternoon at the ^lasonic 
Temple, followed by a banquet in the 
evening, with a number of prominent 
guests in attendance. The degrees were 
conferred in this way upon Hon. John 
Wanamaker. City Solicitor John L. Kin- 
sey and Rabbi Krauskopf. This crea- 
tion of members of the fraternity is said 
to be an exercise of the highest prerog- 
ative of the Grand ^Master. About 125 
of the most prominent members of the 
Order were present at the ceremony. 
Among the addresses made was one by 
Judge Pennypacker. who, with Judge 
Gordon, was similarly honored by the 
Grand blaster last year." 

This is not a pleasing item of intelli- 
gence. John A\'anamaker, former Post- 
master General of the United Slates, is 
the superintendent of the largest Sab- 
bath school in Philadelphia, if not in the 
United States, the proprietor of an enor- 
mous retail dry goods establishment in 
the citv named and of a similar one in 
Xew York. He is a multi-millionaire, 



employing several thousand clerks and 
salespeople. Of City Solicitor Kinsey it 
may be remarked that his parents were 
members of the religious Societv of 
P'^riends. Rabbi Krauskopf, of course, is 
a Jew, perhaps the most popular in the 
city of his residence. As to Judge Pennv- 
packer, he is of Mennonite connection, 
and may have had a birthright member- 
ship therein. Judge Gordon is of Scotch 
Presbyterian ancestry, and has been 
known as an upright independent judge. 
He is at present mentioned in connection 
with the Democratic nomination for the 
governorship. In the winter of last year, 
a few days before his initiation into the 
jMasonic lodge, my wife -and myself hav- 
ing a personal acquaintance with the 
judge, were made aware of his intention 
to enter into this alliance. It was a mat- 
ter of grief to us and of some endeavor 
to dissuade him, but a good many of his 
friends of the bar and bench were mem- 
bers, and he believed that it would offer 
him a good opportunity to meet them in 
social and intimate fellowship. I can but 
hope that, like friends ^Nlerritt, Mclntire, 
Ernest Wesley and other faithful ones of 
this generation, he may retrace his steps 
to the light, a course I am well persuaded 
he will take if, like those named, he will 
diligently inquire of the Holy Spirit and 
closely follow His leadings thereupon. 
Tosiah \V. Leeds. 



TO OUR CONTRIBUTORS. 



\ ou can help us most by writing 
everything in the shortest possible meter. 
Keep in mind the subject of our Svmpo- 
sium for next Cynosure, "Fraternal In- 
surance Societies." Send for it your own 
best thoughts, or the best you can glean 
from the writings of others. Send us on 
a postal card ' for our "Xews of Our 
Work" column, brief statements of any 
work you or others have done for the 
cause, such as sermons or lectures on the 
subject, articles published, literature dis- 
tributed, and also important doings of the 
lodges. We also value newspaper clip- 
pings on the subject, and will make more 
use of them in the future. Also send us 
practical questions on the subject for our 
Question Drawer. Above all, work and 
pray for the wider circulation of our liter- 
ature and do what you can to open doors 
for our lecturers. 



10 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



SHOULD THE CHURCH FELLOWSHIP 
LODGE MEMBERS ? 



"Secret Fraternal Insurance Socie- 
ties'' will be the subject of our sympo- 
sium next month. We desire our friends 
to aid us by sending for this department 
their choicest thoughts stated in the 
briefest terms. Send the thoughts of an- 
other, if better stated than your own, but 
give the author's name. For want of 
room, we cannot say all we desire on the 
subject of our symposium this time. 



Let there be no toleration of the mem- 
bers of secret societies in the communion 
of the church. None whatever. This is 
vital— Rev. J. D. Smith. 

Pure and undefiled religion before God 
cannot be compromised or mixed with 
false religions. There is but one true re- 
ligion and one Mediator, through whom 
alone God can be approached. When 
all church members fully believe in Je- 
sus as the only Mediator they will not 
fellowship the lodge. — Rev. Cyrus 
Smith. 



Any fair-minded person can see the 
contrast; and, if open to conviction at all, 
will be led by the truth of the Word and 
fhe contradictions of the lodge to leave 
or shun the whole anti-Christian sys- 
tem. No Christian can remain in the 
church and in the lodge at the same time 
and have any respect for his conscience 
or his Bible. — Rev. W. M. Glasgow. 



Resolved, That our greatest grief on 
this subject arises from the fact that the 
church too generally fellowships the 
members of secret societies, and we call 
upon the church of Christ to testify 
against, and exclude from her member- 
ship, those who are connected with se- 
cret societies and persistently refuse to 
withdraw from them. — Allegheny con- 
vention resolution. 



Secret oaths are opposed to Christian 
principles, especially to those implied in 
these three texts: *Tn secret have I said 
nothing." "Be not unequally yoked to- 



gether with unbelievers." "Give no of- 
fense in anything that the ministry be not 
blamed." They are forbidden in some 
portions of our republic by the civil law 
and ought to be in all portions. They 
are forbidden to church members by 
some Christian denominations, and ought 
to be by all. — Joseph Cook. 



It seems easy to make a statement in the 
light of which lodge and church member- 
ship would appear incongruous and log- 
ically incompatible. It may not be so 
easy to show that ordinary "joiners" are 
a class quick to discern and strong to 
grasp logical relations. There may be 
a reasonable and scriptural limit to the 
use of logically ideal tests in any church 
located this side the church triumphant. 
Faith in Jesus Christ is the New Testa- 
ment qualification for church member- 
ship, and after that the New Testament 
rule is "Him that is weak in the faith re- 
ceive ye, but not to doubtful disputa- 
tions." — Dr. A. B. Mirror. 



"But, Mr. Moody," some say, "if you 
talk that way you will drive all the mem- 
bers, of secret societies out of your meet- 
ings and out of your churches." But what 
if I do? Better men will take their places. 
Give them the truth any way, and if they 
would rather leave their churches than 
their lodges, the sooner they get out of 
the churches the better. I would rather 
have ten members who were separated 
from the world than a thousand such 
members. Come out from the lodge.. 
Better one with God than a thousand 
without Him. W^e must walk with God,, 
and if only one or two go with us it is all 
right. — Dwight L. Moody. 



We have, then, the implied testimony 
of Freemasons themselves that the Chris- 
tian church ought to have no fellowship 
with Freemasonry as thus revealed, and 
that those who adhere intelligently and 
determinedly to such an institution have 
no right to be in the Christian church. 
God demands, and the world has a right 
to expect, that the church will take due 
action and bear a truthful testimony in 
respect to this institution. She cannot 
now innocently hold her peace. The 
light has come. Fidelity to God and to 
the souls of men require that the church,. 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



11 



which is the Hght of the world, should 
speak out, and should take such action as 
will plainly reveal her views of the com- 
patibility or incompatibility of Freema- 
sonry with the Christian religion. — Chas. 
G. Finnev. 



Resolved, That v.-e as a convention de- 
clare it our solemn conviction that intelli- 
g-ent fealty to Freemasonry and kindred 
organizations can only be maintained at 
the cost of loyalty to Christ, and we 
therefore call upon the ministry and 
church to inform themselves on the sub- 
ject, that they may intelligently obey the 
Divine command and have no fellowship 
with the unfruitful works of darkness. 2. 
That the underlying principles of Mason- 
ry and of secret societies in general are 
in direct conflict with the policy and ex- 
ample of our Lord Jesus Christ, who did 
nothing in secret; and they endanger the 
spiritual life and activity of their mem- 
bers, and therefore we feel it our duty to 
warn all Christians against any affiliation 
with them. — Philadelphia convention 
resolution. 



We should wage an aggressive war- 
fare against secret societies. There is no 
safety in indifterence. The force of the 
outgoing current must be so strong that 
it will make an incoming current impos- 
sible. We should unite with a church 
that bears faithful testimony against 
these Christless or anti-Christian institu- 
tions and excludes from sealing ordi- 
nances those who bind their souls with 
evil men for selfish and sinful ends. Few 
sacramental vows will protect from the 
ensnaring oaths of secret orders. Culti- 
vate that enlarged spirit of charity for 
all that will refuse to be narrowed down 
to the lodge circle. \\'alk in the light as 
He is in the light. — Prof. R. J. George. 



It has always been, and will remain so, 
that these two principles, light and dark- 
ness, openness and secrecy, are in direct 
opposition, the one to the other. They 
are given us as the two principles by 
which human actions will be performed 
and can never be assimilated. The two 
principles cannot be lived in one life. No 
man can serve two masters. We cannot 
indorse and practice the principle of 
openness, which characterizes the gospel 
of Jesus Christ, and the principle of se- 



crecy, which characterizes the methods 
and work of the "old serpent," which is 
the devil and satan, at one and the same 
time. Xo man can walk in the light as 
Christ is in the light and in the darkness 
of secrecy and a studied concealment of 
his plans and purposes at the same in- 
stant. — Rev. IT. A. Dav. 



If the church of Christ is to dominate 
in the sphere of religion, and have an in- 
fluence that will be saving and sanctify- 
ing, the fraud of lodge religion must be 
rebuked, the spirit of dominance it arro- 
gates must be resisted, and the seductive 
influence of the lodge must be broken. 
A zeal for the true God must be awaken- 
ed and stimulated, also for a holy Chris- 
tian church and for ordinances of divine 
institution. Any failure to discriminate 
against the false in objects of worship, 
and that sharply — against the spurious, 
in forms of worship, against the leaving 
out of the man Christ Jesus from the 
way of access to, and acceptance with 
God. bv the Christian church is really to 
tolerate that which will drain and destroy 
her best vitality: to allow a gangrene to 
gnaw at her functions of life, and to allow 
a usurper to occupy the throne of her 
glorv and in the citadel of her strength. — 
Rev! J. S. T. ^lilligan. 



The proofs that lodge-]^Iasonry sub- 
verts Christianity are as numerous as the 
principles in the two systems. Chris- 
tianity places men in the church as equals 
in Christ. ^lasonry packs them in high- 
er and lower degrees in the lodge. The 
law of Christ is a ''perfect law of libertv," 
whose highest penalty is withdrawal of 
love and fellowship. The law of the 
lodge is unreasoning obedience, and its 
penalty death. Xo appeal lies from a lo- 
cal lodge-master to his lodge; and their 
standard lexicon declares, "The edicts of 
a Grand Lodge must be obeyed withoiu 
examination !' And men — freemen ( I ) — 
submit to such laws, as burglars, bandits 
and brigands obey their laws — for the 
sake of the clan. The brotherhood of 
Christianitv is based on regeneration and 
love; that of the lodge on oaths, impre- 
cations and terror. Christianity, too. 
abolished the Jewish distinctions against 
women. Tlie lodge retains and intcnsi 
hes them. Tt swears its members never 
to initiate wom.en. Then. also. Christ's 



12 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



gospel is pre-eminently for the poor. But 
the lodge excludes the poor. It receives 
its members for money, and drops them 
when they cease to pay. Thus the lodge 
is anti-Christ in its spirit, constitution, 
laAvs, principle and forms. But the 
crowning proof of its fearful antagonism 
to Christ is that while Christ command- 
ed Christianity to be preached "in all the 
world." "to every creature," the lodge 
swears its members to "conceal" Mason- 
ry in all the world, from every creature 
but themselves, on pain of death by man- 
gling and mutilation ! So plain is it that 
the lodge, in theory at least, is death to 
the Christian religion, and its theory is 
the law of its practice. — Jonathan 
Blanchard. 



There is another consideration which 
has always seemed to me so clear and 
important that I am surprised that some 
others seem not to have observed it. 
What would be thought of a man who 
should propose to hold membership in a 
Presb3^terian and Baptist church at the 
same time? And would any person have 
a right to object if, on joining one of 
these churches, he should be required to 
bring a letter from the other? This is so 
obviously appropriate that a man would 
be counted foolish to object to it, yet in 
this case both churches are Christian. 
Masonic and other lodges are distinctly 
and evidently anti-Christ. They, at the 
same time profess to teach morality and 
take men to heaven; i. e., they are syna- 
gogues of satan, and, notwithstanding, 
men for pecuniary or other reasons de- 
sire to hold membership in both. It is 
one of the marvels that it is so. It is my 
judgment that the teachings of the 
church should be so clear and scriptural 
that all who come within her influence 
will understand the natures of the two 
systems. In that case I do not think that 
anv Christian will wish to unite with the 
lodge, or any lodge man wish to join the 
church until he has left his secret society. 
— President C. A. Blanchard. 



But my strongest opposition to Ma- 
sonry is because of its rivalry with re- 
ligion. It steps in before the church, and 
is a false and idolatrous religion — a re- 
ligion without a Savior, and therefore a 
delusion and a snare to all who engage 
hi it, or rest their hope upon it. What 



shall we say of the pretension of Masonry 
to be a saving institution? I do not un- 
derstand how it is possible for a man to 
be a Christian, and not be disgusted to 
loathing with the lingo of Masonry about 
fitting a man for the lodge above, nor, in- 
deed, for that matter, for a man of sense 
to bear the frothv inanities of Masonic lit- 
erature. It would seem as if men could 
hardly have fabricated a system that 
would have been more directly counter 
to the express declarations of the Divine 
Word. "There is none other name given 
under heaven among men whereby one 
must be saved." "No man cometh unto 
the Father but by me," and yet it is al- 
most universally accepted among Masons 
that, if they live up to the requirements 
of their order, by so doing they will at- 
tain to heavenly blessedness. With them, 
sir, it takes the place of the religion of 
Christ.— Prof. J. R. W. Sloane. 



Mrs. Cyrus Buell, of Sheridan, Ore.,, 
writes: 'Ts there any con'sistency in^ a 
preacher, or anybody elsie, fighting secret 
orders, and at the same time living in, 
and working for, a church which toler- 
ates them by permitting its members to 
belong to them? In the January Cyno- 
sure a correspondentt writes thad; he is' 
president of an anti-secret association, 
and that nearly all the officers of the 
church in which he ministers belong to 
the secret orders, and they declare that 
"secret societies are draining the church." 
And then he states how much more men 
will do for their lodges than for their 
church. And further on he says : "Come 
out from amon^g them and be ye separ- 
ate," and so on. "Precious invitation." I 
would say to him and all like him : Take 
your own advice and set the example of 
"coming out" yourself from a church 
that tolerates secretism and permits itself 
to be drained of its strength and re- 
sources by lodge members. And then 
those officers that could say this and then 
stick to their lodges are surely not con- 
sistent. There are some anti-secret 
churches and there is the place for the 
anti-secret preachers and people. Cease 
working to build up mixed secrecy 
churches and give them over to their 
lodgery. 



Ask the denominations that exclude 
from their communion members of se- 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



13 



cret societies if they will let down the 
bar at this point for the sake of unity. 
They will answer no, because we are 
commanded to separate from every 
brother that walketh ''^•' -•< :^rly. Mem- 
bers of secret s^^'- :'.^3 profane the ordi- 
nance of the oath by using it when not 
necessary and so take the name of God 
in vain. The oath which they use is sin- 
ful in itself. In taking a lawful oath we 
are required to swear in truth, in judg- 
ment and in righteousness. A secret so- 
ciety oath cannot have the last two cjuali- 
ties, for the swearer does not know what 
he promises till after he swears; neither 
does he know whether it is righteous or 
not; see Jeremiah iv., 2. Also the greater 
number of these societies have a religion 
which is opposed to the religion of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. They exclude Christ 
from their rituals and prayers, and ap- 
proach the Great God without a Media- 
tor, and teach a way of salvation by 
works. These are disorderly walkers in 
the strongest sense, and we cannot dis- 
obey the Divine command to be separate 
from them, or wdiat is equivalent to sep- 
arate them from us. — Rev. John Harper. 



the way of purity.; and the way of purity 
is the way to unity and fellowship. — Rev. 
J. B. Galloway. 



Most of the testifying churches prac- 
tice close or restricted communion. In 
fact, it is difficult to see how a church 
can testify apart from this rule. The rule 
itself is the testimony. There is a strange 
inconsistency in some churches, e. g., in 
denouncing Masons and refusing them 
church fellowship to-day, and inviting 
them to the communion table to-morrow. 
This is surely one of the most absurd 
things a church ever did. '^ "^ * * 
Paul attributes the power of discipline to 
the church, I. Cor. v, 4-7, and in verse 11, 
with the characters described, we are not 
to eat. If this refers to a common meal, 
much more does it refer to the Lord's 
supper. The religion of oath-bound se- 
cret societies is clearly a species of idola- 
try. What fellowship hath light with 
darkness, or Christ with Belial? Separa- 
tion from evil and from evil-workers is 
clearly the doctrine of both Testaments. 
Moses taught this doctrine. Num.- xvi., 
21-31. The priests taught it, Ezra x., 11. 
The Prophets taught it, I. Kings xviii., 
30. Christ taught it, Lu. vi., 22. Paul 
taught the same, II. Cor. vi., 17, "Where- 
fore come out from among them, and be 
ye separate, saith the Lord," etc. Tliis i' 



We affirm, and we desire here to em- 
phasize the affirmation, that faith in the 
principles of Masonry is absolutely in- 
compatible with faith in the Gospel of 
our blessed Redeemer, and that a man 
can no more believe in Masonry and in 
the Gospel at the same time than he can 
be a sincere hypocrite. Why, Jesus 
Christ, our blessed Redeemer, is indis- 
pensable in the religion of the Gospel, 
but inadmissible in the religion of ]\Ia- 
sonry. He is the all in all of the former, 
but neither anything nor in anything of 
the latter. The former recognizes no 
merit but that of the Savior; the latter 
none but that of the sinner. The former 
teaches salvation by grace alone ; the lat- 
ter by works alone. The former requires 
us to do everything in the name of Jesus ; 
but the latter, as such, forbids us to do 
anything in his name. The former re- 
quires us to honor and reverence the 
name and Word of God; but the latter 
requires us to blaspheme his name and 
to pervert and profane his Woi-d. The 
former requires us to make the Christian 
brotherhood our companions and the ob- 
jects of our special favoritism, but the 
latter demands that we shall make the 
jMasonic brotherhood, consisting of Jews, 
infidels and other enemies of Christ, our 
most intimate and confidential compan- 
ions and the object of our special favorit- 
ism. — Dr. Wm. Wishart. 



But how can a professing Christian, 
and more especially a Christian minister, 
solemnly swear to "maintain and sup- 
port" such a wicked combination as this? 
Or if he is unwittingly led into such an 
infidel conspiracy how can he consistent- 
Iv remain a member of it, and thus bv 
the very example he sets encourage 
others to do the same? Taking the verv 
best possible view of Freemasonrv, is 
there any one single doctrine, or any one 
dutv, inculcated and enforced by the Ma- 
sonic philosophy which is not found to be 
inculcated bv God's law and within the 
pale of the Christian church? "The 
church of the living God is the pillar and 
the guard of the truth" (I. Tim. iii., 15), 
which the Lord Jesus Christ has "sancti- 
fied and cleansed with the washine of wa- 



14 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



ter by the Word that he might present it 
lo himseh' a glorious church, not having 
spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but 
that it should be holy and without blem- 
ish" (Eph. v., 26-27). 

Can this be said of the ]Masonic insti- 
tution? Is that miserable system of sin 
-and folly '* without spot or wrinkle?" And 
are the laws and precepts of Freemason- 
ry, its obligations, death penalties, and 
its foul philosophy of selfishness, deceit 
and cunning "holy and without blem- 
ish?" ^^'hy, to compare the church of 
Christ to ^Masonry would be about the 
same as comparing the brightness of the 
Sim to the darkness of midnight, or the 
glory of the ^Nlount of Transfiguration to 
the blackness of despair in the regions of 
eternal woe. Upon what hypothesis, 
then, can a professing Christian, and 
more especially a Christian minister, jus- 
tify his conduct in connecting himself 
with the jNIasonic institution, and in 
swearing to support its laws, rules and 
edicts, whether "right or wrong?" — Ed- 
niond Ronavne. 



tfbitonal- 



NAAMANS EXCUSE. 



After he returned from the Jordan 
cured of leprosy, Naaman the Syrian said 
to Elisha: "Thy servant will henceforth 
offer neither burnt offering nor sacrifice 
unto other gods but unto Jehovah. In 
this thing, Jehovah, pardon thy servant; 
when my master goeth into the house of 
Rimmon to worship there, and he lean- 
eth on my hand, and I bow myself in the 
house of Rimmon; when I bow myself in 
the house of Rimmon, Jehovah, pardon 
thy servant in this thing." One interpre- 
tation makes Rimmon the Sun-god of 
Damascus. This would include that wor- 
ship in the Masonic cult. Yet Naaman.' s 
participation would be compulsory and 
formal. He would bow, not unto the 
god but with the king. 

Can a modern member of the same fra- 
ternity claim that in the Masonic temple 
he has the same excuse because he bows 
and worships the sun merely in order to 
conform to rule and accompany his breth- 
ren of the temple? The cases cease to 
be parallel at the point of compulsory at- 



tendance. No Christian is obliged to 
bow to the sun in a I\Iasonic temple. He 
is not even compelled to be present. The 
]\Iason oroes voluntarilv. Therefore Naa- 



NOT SURE OF HER. 

Church and Sabbath school were end- 
ed, the mother of a family of good girls 
lingered talking with a young teacher of 
the Sabbath school. The pastor joined 
them, and the three discussed the discon- 
tinuance of certain missionary meetings 
that used to be held, and the possibility 
of reviving interest and activity in such 
work. The pastor thought there were 
several young ladies who would co-oper- 
ate if circumstances favored, and was 
challenged to name them. One was 
there, the young teacher herself, then 
there were Eva, Hattie, ]\Iary and so on, 
none of them rejected by the two ladies, 
until he had named quite a list. 

"Would E. help?" 

"Doubtful. She isn't as she used to 
be." 

"What is the matter? Does she go to 
the whist parties?" 

"No, I don't think she does. I only 
know how she is in the Christian En- 
deavor Societ}'." 

"How is she there?" 

"Not very active. She goes to the 
Grange, and she has joined the Rebek- 
ahs." 

"O well, if she has joined them that 
settles it. We cannot count on her to 
help the missionary meeting." 



IT LOOKS SUSPICIOUS. 



The Chicago Record of April 23 says 
that Frederick Hyde Lawrence, the 18- 
year-old son of the Rev. W. M. Law- 
rence, pastor of the Second Baptist 
Church, and a student at the L'niversity 
of Chicago, died at the Delta Kappa Ep- 
silon Fraternity house, 59th street and 
\\'ashington avenue yesterday, from a 
complication of ailments. He was taken 
sick during the winter, but recovered suf- 
ficiently to resume his studies. A few 
days ago he was initiated into the D. K. 
E. fraternity, and suffered a relapse after- 
ward. 

It does look as if the nerve tests in this 



CHRISTIAN' O.: 



know ot, exce; 
- :n the ca5<r a: 



to 



EVIL "- N3S 






rUrr-, 






^w- 



AS5 



r^ i^OTincilii- 



T ---rformol Presb'-terian. 



lo oe loana m €\- 

. vr^ "" "*,"' 



PROF, 






5<^ or a r 



thev are eve: 



15 Sin can 
-J . r :. i way that 
Irreverent or inap- 

- r c5- 



mST -SECRE' C-^ = C-£ 



ne, invoke 



svrLoicates, was r- 



spinr oi 



.-C'~l 



l»i 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



obligation is perjury; taking the oath was 
profanity. 

Taking an unconsidered oath is a Hght 
act, and involves danger of swearing to 
what cannot be honestly said or honor- 
ably done. A lodge victim is sworn when 
he hardly knows the nature and scope of 
obligations that he assumes. He thus 
swears profanely, and wdioever gives him 
the oath, or listens and consents, shares in 
the profanity. Masons assume obliga- 
tions, the fulfilment of which would be 
criminal. To confirm these with an oath 
is profane. To share the oath is criminal. 
^Members of the lodge who initiate him, 
share the crime. The JNIasonic oath is not 
taken with knowledge of obligations, 
such as justifies binding the soul by an 
oath. Outrageous death penalties are 
invoked in the same connection, and are 
thus profanely associated with the di- 
vine name. It is not enough to reply 
that certain IMasons who do this declare 
that ]\Iasonry contains nothing wrong. 
It does contain such swearing, and, what- 
ever lodge dupes say, such swearing is 
wrong. Other Masons denounce Ma- 
sonry, and facts justify them. Anyway, 
ever3'one can use his own good sense 
and judge for himself wdiether such oaths 
are right or wrong. 



JEPHTHA'S VOW. 



Jephtha's rash vow was the cause of 
great perplexity. Whether he sacrificed 
his daughter or not, he had no more right 
to devote her to celibacy than to offer 
her up for a burnt oft'ering. Thousands 
of good men are taken in the same snare. 
If they, afterward, find their vow to be 
impracticable or unlawful, to turn back- 
ward is to be guilty of perjury, to go for- 
ward is to be guilty of something worse. 
"He shall be guilty in one of these. Lev. 
v., 4; guilty if he do not perform his oath, 
yet, if the matter of it were evil, guilty 
if he do. Such wretched dilemmas as 
these some men bring themselves into 
by their own rashness and folly; go which 
way they will their consciences are 
wounded; sin stares them in the face, so 
sadly are they snared in the words of their 
mouth. AVisdom and watchfulness be- 
forehand would prevent these straits." — 
H^enry and Scott. John Brown. 

Clear Lake, la. 



If you do not sec what you want ask for it. 



Question — Are all Master Alasons 
freely admitted to all Eastern Star Lodge 
meetings? — A. L. D., Boston. 

Answer — Xo, no more than are all 
Eastern Star members admitted to all 
Master Masons' meetings. 

Question — How many churches are 
there that forbid their members to be- 
long to secret societies? — P. B. W., Port- 
land, Ore. 

Answer — There are now more than 
twenty-five denominations, besides many 
individual congregations and holiness 
and other associations. In this Cynosure 
we give a list of nearlv all these churches. 



Question — How many lodges are 
there, in the LTnited States and is their 
membership increasing or diminishing? 
— A. L., Chicago. 

Answer — W. S. Harwood, who evi- 
dently has taken some pains to gather 
statistics on the secret society question, 
in an article in the May number of the 
North American Review^ in 1897, says 
there are about 70,000 secret lodges in 
the United States, with a membership of 
about 6,000,000. This membership he 
claims is increasing at the rate of be- 
tween 250,000 and 300,000 annually. 



Question — Is it certain that the Prince 
of Wales is a Mason, and if so, how many 
degrees has he taken? — H. H., Hopkin- 
ton, Iowa. 

Answer — The Prince of Wales is 
Grand Master of all the Masonic lodges 
in England. A few years ago it was pub- 
lished that he had taken the thirty-third 
degree. On the occasion of the Queen's 
diamond jubilee last year the Prince pre- 
sided in a meeting of 10,000 Masons in 
gorgeous regalia. An address to the 
Queen was prepared in behalf of the Ma- 
sons and the English press reported the 
meeting under the significant heading, 
'The Prince of Wales Enthroned." 



Question — Was John Wesley, the 
founder of Methodism, a Freemason? — 
A. R. M., Peoria, 111. 

Answer — In Wesley's works, volume 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



4, page 398, he says: "I went to Bally- 
mena and read a strange tract, that pro- 
fesses to discover 'the inmost recesses of 
Freemasonry,' said to be translated from 
the French original, lately published at 
Berlin. I incline to think it is a genuine 
account. Only if it be, I wonder the 
author is suffered to live. If it be what 
an amazing banter upon all mankind is 
Freemasonry! And what a secret is it 
which so many concur to keep! From 
what motive? Through fear, or shame 
to own it." This language of Wesley 
shows plainly that he was not a Freema- 
son, although the Press of Philadelphia 
and the Republican of Marengo, Iowa, 
have published that he was. 



Question — What is the Masonic au- 
thority for making Masons "at sight," 
and what does it amount to? Is it mak- 
ing them Masons without the ceremony 
of initiation, and what privileges do sucii 
Masons have? — D. B. W., Allegheny. 

Answer — Dr. Mackey in his Lexicon, 
page 713, says it is the prerogative of the 
Grand Master only to make Masons ''at 
sight," which means that the candidate is 
passed and raised, and fully initiated in 
a special meeting of the lodge for that 
purpose. E. Ronayne says, in such cases 
the privileged candidate, who is usually 
some distinguished person, is initiated 
without the ceremony of proposing, bal- 
loting and examination in the ritual, in 
the presence only of select Masons, and 
only by a Grand Master; is put through 
all the ceremony during a single session, 
of being stripped, cable-towed, sworn and 
knocked down with the setting-maul. He 
can only take the first three degrees in 
this way^ and has the same privileges as 
other third-des:ree Masons. 



Question i. Has there been any anti- 
Alasonic party in the United States since 
the days of William Wirt, who secured 
the seven electoral votes of Vermont? 
Has that party held any convention in 
the United States since that time and 
where? 

2. How many anti-Masonic papers are 
there published in the United States, and 
where? — J. C. S., Newark, Mo. 

Answer i. The anti-Masonic party 
cast 33,000 votes in the State of New 
York in 1828, 70,000 in 1829, and 128,000 
in 1830. The party carried Vermont in 



1832, and elected Joseph Ritner Govern- 
or of Pennsylvania in 1835. The anti- 
Masonic sentiment being so much ab- 
sorbed in the anti-slavery issue it did little 
to bring the anti-secret question again 
into politics until in 1872, at Oberlin, 
Ohio, the National Christian Association, 
opposed to secret societies, held a mass 
political convention and nominated 
Charles Francis Adams for President. In 
1874 an anti-secret political convention 
was held in Syracuse, N. Y., and the 
name American party adopted. The par- 
ty held a convention at Pittsburg in 1875, 
and nominated James B. Walker, of Illi- 
nois, for President. In 1880, nominations 
were made, and in 1884 Senator S. C. 
Pomeroy was nominated, hut withdrew 
in favor of ex-Governor St. John, the 
Prohibition candidate, on his assurance 
that he stood on every plank of the Amer- 
ican platform. Since then the Prohibition 
sentiment has very largely absorbed po- 
litically the anti-secret vote. 

2. The Christian Cynosure and the 
Boston Home Light are the only papers 
we know devoted exclusively to the anti- 
secret issue. But upward of twenty-five 
religious denominations have, many of 
them, large and widely circulated church 
papers whose almost every issue publish 
more or less against the lodge. 



Question— Ma-PIa-Bone The Hand 
Book, page 77, gives this statement, "The 
Holy Bible is given to us as the rule and 
guide of our faith." On page 93 "The 
Holy Bible" is spoken of as the inestima- 
ble gift of God. On page 96 and 97 John 
the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist 
are called "Two eminent Christian pa- 
trons." Again they are said to be "per- 
fect parallels of Christianity." The Holv 
Bible which points out the' whole duty of 
man is again mentioned. How can this 
be reconciled with a charge that Chris- 
tianity is not recognized, that the Bible 
is not treated as a Divine revelation and 
that lodge religion is not, even bv impli- 
cation, Christian? — R. L. M., Aurora. 

Answer— The universality of the Ma- 
sonic svstem is conceded by all JNIasonic 
authorities. Masonry must be in the 
United States what it is in Spain and 
France, where it is atheistic bv decree of 
the Grand Orient in 1873. All allusions 
to the Bible in the ritual are made for ef- 
fect and are false as far as IMasonrv is 



18 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



concerned. A.crain the God of the Bible 
is known by the Law on Sinai. Bvit is 
this law tiie law of Masonry. Listen 
to jNIackey's Text-book of Masonic Ju- 
risprudence, page 502, *'Every Mason is 
obliged by his tenure to obey the moral 
law." (Old charge of 1722.) "Now this 
moral law is not to be considered as con- 
fined to the decalogue of Moses, within 
which narrow limits the ecclesiastical 
writers technically retain it, but rather as 
alluding to what is called the lex naturae, 
or the law of nature." Then in the "Di- 
gest of Masonic Law," by Geo. Wingate 
Chase, pages 207 and 208, we read, "The 
Jews, the Chinese, the Turks, each reject 
either the New Testament or the Old or 
both, and yet we see no good reason why 
they should not be made Masons. In 
fact. Blue Lodge Masonry has nothing 
whatever to do with the Bible; it is not 
founded upon the Bible. If it was it 
would not be Masonry, it would be some- 
thing else." 



ietti0 of ®ut Pori 



Rev. T. M. Chalmers will address sev- 
eral m.eetings at Rockford on the Lodge 
question, beginning Sabbath evening. 
May 7. 



The Springfield (Mass.) Republican 
published the excellent address of Rev. J. 
M. Foster before the New England con- 
vention. 



Rev. J. W. Dill, of Clarinda, Iowa, re- 
cently read an excellent paper on the se- 
cret society question at the ministers' 
meeting. 



Bro. J. Motter, of Lyons, Kan., did 
some good work at the M. E. conference, 
which met recently at that place, by cir- 
culating anti-secret literature. There 
were ninety ministers at this conference, 
and eighty of them were said to be Ma- 
sons. 



In May Rev. O. T. Lee and Rev. T. O. 
Tolo will hold a meeting of several ses- 
sions at Hayfield, Minn., in which they 
will discuss the Lodge question. A spe- 
cial conference was held at Northwood, 
Iowa, last month. One brother asked 



advice if he should accept secret society 
members in a congregation where they 
have been tolerated before. The confer- 
ence answered no, and warned the broth- 
er to prepare for a war of extermination. 



T. Eraser, of Gait, Canada, is doing 
good work in distributing anti-secret lit- 
erature among the pastors in his vicinity. 
He is also trying to arrange for a series 
of lectures on the lodge question, when 
he can secure some of our N. C. A. speak- 
ers. 



Among Bro. Ronayne's most profit- 
able meetings during his recent Western 
tour, which we forgot to report, were five 
meetings at Osage City, Kan., in the 
Baptist and Lutheran Churches. He re- 
ceived much help and encouragement 
from the pastors and others there. 



Secretary Phillips, after holding the 
Iowa State convention at Albion, was 
called on important business for our as- 
sociation to the State of Washington. He 
expects to spend some time in Portland, 
Ore., and vicinity, before returning, co- 
operating in work with Rev. P. B. Will- 
iarfis. 



The Christian Conservator, under the 
able editorship of Dr. Wm. Dillon, is now 
publishing a rare but valuable document 
written by Bishop Jonathan Weaver, of 
the Liberal U. B. Church in 1861, when 
he was sound in the faith. It will be com- 
plete in ten issues and is entitled "Lecture 
on Secret Societies." 



Rev. Allen M. Frets, of Souderton, 
Pa., prepared an excellent paper for the 
Mennonite Conference on the subject, 
"The Kingdom of Light Versus the 
Kingdom of Darkness, or the Church 
and the Lodge." It was published in 
the Mennonite, of Ouakertown, Pa. Bro. 
Frets also has a valuable article in the 
April Mennonite on "The Knights of 
Pythias." 



Mrs. Daniel Hunt, of Benton Harbor, 
Mich., recently testified in a meeting in 
Zion Church, in this city, that she had 
given up her membership in six diflerent 
secret societies because she saw that they 
were wrong. F. L. Smith, of Oshkosh, 



May, 1898 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



19 



Wis., and A. Gregory, of South Haven, 
Mich., also testified in the same church 
that they had given up the lodge because 
they believed that a man could not be a 
Christian and belong to a secret society. 

A. W. Hopkins, a promising student of 
the De Forest, Wis., high school, writes 
that recently he and Charles Farwell sus- 
tained, in a high school public debate, the 
affirmative of the question, "Resolved 
that secret societies are more of a bless- 
ing than a curse to mankind." The 
judges gave them the decision after a 
warmly contested discussion before a 
large audience. Mr. Hopkins has a 
brother attending the State Normal Col- 
lege at Whitewater, who debated the 
same question there and was on the same 
side, and likewise gained the decision of 
the judges. 

The editor spent the first two weeks of 
April in Iowa, speaking twice in the 
Presbyterian Church in Kossuth, the 
home of his parents; four times in 
Blanchard, where he had resided for fif- 
teen years; four times in Rev. J. W. Dill's 
church, near Clarinda, and once in Clar- 
inda, in the U. P. Church. He assisted 
Rev. J. R. WMie at Blanchard and.Bro. 
Dill at Clarinda, in communion services, 
and found it a joy and inspiration to meet 
again the old friends and brethren wath 
whom he had been associated for so many 
years in pastoral and reform work. He 
received in contributions on this trip 
$65 and $18 in Cynosure subscriptions. 



Rev. P. B. Williams and wife are now 
enjoying a much needed rest at their 
home in Portland, Ore. In March, while 
giving an unusually successful series of 
lectures in the Radical U. B. Church at 
Freeport, Mich., Bro. Williams was dis- 
abled by a severe attack of acute bron- 
chitis and was compelled to wire off all 
his engagements, which was a great trial 
for him to do. Dr. Wm. Dillon writes 
that Bro. W^illiams may return again to 
the East next summer. It is hoped that 
a period of rest and the pure air of Ore- 
gon will soon restore his voice. 

At Cohoctah and Woodbury, Mich., 
Bro. Williams held a series of meetings 
before going to Freeport, which, he 
writes, were among the most successful 
of his life. Many professed conversion 



and forsook the lodge. These meetings 
were arranged by Rev. C. L. Bradley and 
Rev. A. M. Bostwick, whom he found 
very efficient helpers. 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard, the veteran work- 
er in our cause, writes that unless Boston 
is bombarded by Spanish war ships, he 
vvill start westward about May 2, speak- 
ing at different ponts and reaching Chi- 
cago in time for the annual meeting May 
12. He anticipates a rare pleasure in 
meeting many of the old friends who re- 
main; and after an absence of nine years 
sitting in council once more with the ear- 
nest Christian workers enlisted in this re- 
form. During the past month he ad- 
dressed the students of Lay College at 
River Beach and was well received by 
faculty and pupils. He also preached 
Sabbath morning in Summer Street Con- 
gregational Church, Worcester, Rev. O. 
C. Bailey pastor. He has called on thir- 
ty-four ministers at their homes and 
found nearly all of them favorable to the 
work of our association, but secretly for 
fear of the enemy. He has spoken sev- 
eral times in missions and has distributed 
and sent out more anti-secret literature 
than during any other month of the year. 
He has sent out 750 copies of the Home 
Light to New England pastors, besides 
the regular list of subscribers. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard gave eight ad- 
dresses in April to appreciative audiences 
in New York, Jersey City and vicinity. 
He preached in three United Presbyte- 
rian churches in Jersey City and in the 
Reformed Presbyterian and Swedish Lu- 
theran in Brooklyn. He addressed a 
meeting of the ^Missouri Lutheran pas- 
tors in New York. On his way \Vest 
he visited Steelton, Huntingdon, Johns- 
town and Pittsburgh, and found at each 
point the work going forward. He 
preached Sabbath morning in the Wes- 
leyan ^lethodist Church in Licking- 
County, ' Ohio, and will visit other 
churches on his way to the annual meet- 
ing. He writes that Caleb Lyon, whose 
home at Utica, Ohio, was ever open to 
workers in our reform, has gone to his 
rest. 



"Our Mail Bag" will hereafter com- 
])rise only the most important extracts 
from letters. 



20 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 18^8. 



OUR ANNUAL MEETING 



IOWA STATE CONVENTION. 



The annual meeting of the National 
Christian Association for the election of 
officers and for the transaction of such 
other business as may be required, or 
usage may suggest, will be held at their 
rooms, 221 West iMadison street, on 
Thursday, May I2, 1898, commencing at 
9 o'clock a. m. Our field agents from 
afar are expected to be present and re- 
port upon conditions and prospects of 
their respective localities, and arrange 
tor another year's vigorous and success- 
ful campaign. Friends of our work are 
urged to lend the inspiration of their 
presence and counsel on this occasion. 

It has been the custom of our associa- 
tion, at about the time of its anniversary 
— a little previous or subsequent to the 
annual business meeting — to hold mass 
meetings at which the character and aims 
of our association are amplified and the 
X ra}'S thrown upon the screens and 
screeds of oath-bound societies. Such 
meetings this year will have been held at 
Batavia, Rockford, Summerdale and 
other points," previous to our annual 
iT'ceting and an afternoon and an evening 
session at Chicago Avenue (^Moody's) 
Church on iSIay 12. 

Papers by able writers will be read and 
discussed, and addresses made by men 
of abilitv, to be followed by testimonies 
of prominent seceders from their lodges 
for conscience sake. A program in fuller 
detail will be issued later, but in the 
meantime the friends of anti-secrecy are 
urged to arrange to attend these meet- 
ings and especially to pray that the power 
of the Holy Spirit may be present at all 
these gatherings, without which our la- 
bors are but the mere beating of the air. 
T. :^I. Hitchcock, 
Chairman Committee. 



Prof. H. F. Fisk, principal of the 
Xorthwestern University Academy, put 
a ban on fraternities recently by announc- 
ing at chapel that any student becoming 
a member of a secret society or pledging 
himself to a fraternity would be expelled 
and his name posted on the bulletin 
board of the school. 



Our next number will be largely de- 
voted to the discussion of Fraternal In- 
surance Societies. 



President Potter and Secretary Allen 
and Treasurer Branson were promptly 
on hand at the opening session. The 
presence of these officers was a sure 
prophecy of a good meeting. The first 
address was given by Howard Brown, 
pastor of the Friends' Church at Falls 
City. He said in his opening remarks: 
"I am glad as a Quaker preacher to stand 
in opposition to things that are wrong 
and to give my reasons for my opposi- 
tion. I have never known a Quaker to 
join a secret society that did not become 
a dumb man in prayer meeting. He 
never has any spiritual life afterward." 

Our Xational President, Rev. S. H. 
Swans, greatlv aided the meeting, not 
onlv by the set addresses which he gave, 
but in answering questions as they were 
read by the Secretary. Rev. \\\ C. Allen 
remarked that this was the best Question 
Box exercise that he had ever heard in a 
convention. \>ry interesting letters 
were read, from which we take the fol- 
lowing extracts: 

Rev. W. L. Ferries. Cherokee: I be- 
lieve the lodge system is anti-Christ. It 
s'tands in the way of souls coming out for 
God. and righteousness. It takes the 
time, talent, energy, money and, Avorst of 
all. it takes the heart aft'ections of a man. 
It hardens the soul, it blunts the moral 
sensibilities, and makes light of things 
sacred and holy. It perverts justice, 
makes a farce of court trials, where se- 
cretism is involved. It is the enemy of 
free speech, and a free press. It muzzles 
the pulpit, and pius a paltry premium on 
cowardice. It puts a padlock on the lips, 
and a gag in the mouth, and makes other- 
wise trtie men go cringing through the 
world, like a belabored hound. 'Men 
who ought to stand upright, and who 
ought to walk erect, go crouching and 
cowering beneath the lodge master's lash. 
The multitudes are bowing down before 
the lodge god, as they prostrated them- 
selves before the golden image on the 
plains of Dura in the long ago. 

I am glad that Shadrach. ]\Ieshach and 
Abednego Avill not bow down, nor wor- 
ship the golden imag'e. Praise the Lord, 
Daniel is praying yet with his windows 
lifted toward Jerusalem — and I thank 
God he is ''praying just as he did afore- 
time.'' Elijah is still praying on Carmel, 



Mav. 1S9S. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



21 



and is crving:, ''If the Lord be God, fol- 
■Qw him. but if Baal, then follow him.** 
The back-woods, wilderness preacher, 
clothed with camel's hair, is still shouting 
to a crooked and per^-erse generation, 
down on the banks of the Jordan, "Re- 
pent, for the kingdom of heaven is at 
hand." The spirit of the old Tent-maker 
is still abroad in the land, and the truth is 
being so proclaimed that many an Agrip- 
pa is constrained to say, **-\lmost thou 
persuadest me to be an anti-Mason.'* 
!Many a !Moses is refusing to be called the 
son of a Christ-rejecting lodge, choosing 
rather to suiter affliction with the people 
of God than to enjoy the pleasures of ban- 
quets and revelings for a season. And 
now that I look the land over, I find that 
there are seven thousand who haven't 
bowed the knee to Baal. 

I rejoice in the fonvard movement 
alon^ the line of reform. I am. as you 
know, the pastor of a large Congrega- 
tional church in the western part of the 
State, and let me say that I have been 
speaking in this city for nearly nine years, 
from time to time, on this subject, and I 
propose to lift up my voice against the 
whole deceptive, treacherous business till 
I die. or the lodge is dead. I want it dis- 
tinctly understood ^^and I do not care to 
have it unered in a whisper either) — I 
want it understood that I am opposed to 
the secret lodge. I oppose it because 
God opposes it, and the Bible, and the 
most spiritual people in his church op- 
pose it. I earnestly hope you may have 
a strong meeting at AJbion. I wish I 
could be with you. We have passed 
through a ven.- gracious revival, and my 
hands are full of work, night and day. 
We are to receive about fort)- into the 
church next Sabbath. \\*e thank God 
for his great goodness. 

Rev. C. D. Trumbull. Morning Sun: 
One great need of our times, as the mat- 
ter presents itself to my mind is that men 
may be so tilled with the love of Christ 
and of His church that they will cease to 
be infatuated with man-made orders, and 
especiallv with those which are destruct- 
ive of God's own institutions, as secret 
orders are. Let us pray for an abundant 
outpouring of the Holy Spirit that ail 
church members may be fully enlighten- 
ed and thoroughly consecrated to God. 
then I am sure they will cast off the lodge 
and lodge fellowships and give them- 



selves wholly to Christ and His service 
in the church. 

Rev. T. B. Jackson, Albia: Permit me 
to suggest to the convention the pro- 
priety of giving to women a larger place 
and pan in future meetings of the asso- 
ciation than has been allotted them in the 
past. Oath-bound secretism, creating, as 
is abundantly proved, suspicion and dis- 
trust between mother and son. brother 
and sister, and, worst of all. between hus- 
band and wife, has always been an enemy 
to woman's happiness in these relations. 
But now apparently dissatisfied with the 
injuries already inflicted upon mothers, 
sisters and wives, these agencies of evil 
are cunningly drawing women them- 
selves into secret associations, and so we 
have the Order of the Eastern Star, the 
Daughters of Rebekah. the Rathbone 
Sisters, the P. E. O.'s, and so on, ad nau- 
seam. Should not these women be al- 
lowed to protest against these systems of 
miquirv- and unite with men in Christ- 
like efforts for their suppression? 

Wise pro^-ision was made at this con- 
v-ention for district conventions in the dis- 
tant parts of the State under the lead of 
the various Vice Presidents. Those elect- 
ed were Rev. C. D. Trumbull, of Morn- 
ing Sun: Rev. O. T. Lee. of Xorthwood; 
Rev. T. ^^^ Dili, of Clarinda: Rev. W. L. 
Ferris, of Cherokee, and Rev. J. H. 
White, of Indianola. Four different de- 
nominations are represented among the 
\'ice Presidents. Rev. C. C. Potter was 
re-elected President. Rev. Howard 
Brown was elected Secretar}-. and Mr. A. 
Branson v/as re-elected Treasurer. 



Jrom t!)ur Hail. 



^^'e have only room for some brief ex- 
tracts from the many letters on our table. 

R. A. AA'ood, Johnstown, Xeb. — I wish 
to work for the circulation of The Cvno- 
sure here. !My father, O. H. Wood, be- 
fore he died at A\'aupun, Wis., was a good 
friend and supponer of the paper. 

Rev. T. 'Si. Hulben. Clinton. Iowa — 
Vv'hile personally in sympathy with vour 
kind of work, yet I am not the "whole 
thing" in my church. I am understood 
to be opposed to secret societies, which 
I certainly am. with other pastors about 
me. But we do not think it of any use to 
make ourselves obnoxious. You are do- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



ino- a o-ood work, but I presume not as a 
pastor of a church. 

L IM. Hitchcock, Chicago — So far I 
have not had an opportunity to tell you 
that I was pleased with the last Cyno- 
sure. Short paragraphs and lots of them 
are best. 

Rev. G. C. Gjerstad, Gunder, Iowa — If 
possible we would like to have you lec- 
ture for us forenoon and evening. Our 
district is fully fifteen miles long, and one 
meeting is not enough, but we will be 
thankful for one. 

Mrs. Clara Smith Ramsey, New Wil- 
mington, Pa. — We want to thank you for 
the February Cynosure. You are cer- 
tainly reaping some of the fruits of your 
labor. It is truly encouraging to note 
the number of men who are led to see the 
evil of the lodge and to renounce it. God 
grant that this number may continue to 
increase. 

Prof. H. F. Kletzing, Naperville, 111. — 
The last mnnber of The Cynosure is very 
good. I enjoyed the reading of it very 
much. Short, pithy articles are always 
appreciated. 

W. E. Suavely, Hudson, 111. — Hudson 
has been in an uproar since you came. 
"Great is Diana of the Ephesians!" is the 
cry of the lodges. In the irrepressible 
conflict before us the devil's two most 
dangerous weapons are the saloon and 
secret lodge. 



OBITUARYS. 



William Church Bissell was born June 
8, 1810, in Aurora, Ohio. He studied 
for some years with Rev. Samuel Bissell 
and then went to Yale College, entering 
the senior year and he graduated from 
there in the class of 1835 and taught the 
first year afterward at W^oodbury, Conn. 
He spent a year in the Y^ale Theological 
Seminary preparing for the ministry, but 
was obliged to give it up on account of 
bronchial trouble. He has devoted his 
life to teaching, having taught four years 
in Kentucky, ten years in a ladies' semi- 
nary, at Ripley, Ohio, and seventeen years 
in Illinois. He came to Nebraska in 
1873 ^^^ built the home he now occu- 
pies. He has been a member of the 
Presbyterian church continually for 
seventy-one years and w^as ruling elder 
in that church for many years before 
coming to Nebraska. He fell asleep in 



Jesus April 11, 1898. He is the second 
corporate member of our association to 
pass to his reward within one month. 

Matthew L. Worcester was born April 
17, 1826, in lower Canada, sixty miles 
east of Montreal, and lived there until he 
was 13 years old, when his parents emi- 
grated to Ohio, forty miles south of 
Cleveland, where at the age of 17 he was 
converted and joined the Congregational 
Church. 

June 13, 1853, he married Adeline E. 
Burr at Frenchtown, N. J. Of this union 
there were seven children, of which only 
two, Mrs. Etta M. Olmstead, of Geona, 
111., and Benjamin Worcester, of Hous- 
ton, Texas, are left to mourn the loss of 
his departure. 

In his early years he learned the shoe- 
maker's trade, but later engaged in farm- 
ing. In the spring of 1855 he moved to 
Kingston, 111. He lived on his farm until 
a year ago, when he moved to town, 
where he has since resided. In the spring 
of '63 he enlisted in Company G, Thir- 
tieth Illinois Infantry and served his 
country faithfully, returning with health 
-shattered. May 2^, 1869, his wife depart- 
ed frorn this world, and he was left alone 
to care for three small children. March 
2, 1874, he married Hedda C. Fagerquist. 
Of this union three children were born, 
two of whom, Jennie E. and Otto A., yet 
live with their mother to mourn the loss 
of their beloved father and husband. He 
was true to his country, his convictions 
and his God, and is now gone to his re- 
ward. He entered into rest March 10, 
i8q8. He was an untiring friend of The 
Cynosure and the cause which it advo- 
cates. President C. A. Blanchard's first 
address on this reform was given at the 
request of Brother Worcester. Eternity 
alone will reveal the many good influ- 
ences which he started. 



The power and influence of the anti- 
secret movement is largely estimated by 
the number of those who support its or- 
gan. The number of Cynosures taken in 
any community is the best index of its re- 
liable aggressive interest in the cause. 
Thus by taking the paper you help to 
swell the influence which enables the 
movement to command the respect of 
the world. 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



23 



HOW TO PREPARE A MANUSCRIPT. 



Write upon pages of single size, 
Cross your t's and neatly dot your i's; 
On one side only let your lines be seen- — 
Both sides filled up announce a verdant 

green. 
Correct — yes, correct all that you write, 
And let your ink be black, your paper 

white. 
For spong>' foolscap of a muddy blue 
Betrays a mind of the same dismal hue. 
Punctuate carefully, for on this, score 
Nothing proclaims a practiced writer 

more. 
Then send it ofif. And lest it merit lack, 
Inclose a stamp with which to send it 

back. 
But first pay all the postage on it, too. 
For editors look blank on ''six cent's due' 
And murmur, as they run the effusion 

o'er, 
"A shabby fellow and a wretched bore!" 
Yet here it goes ; take of it a copy clean — 
Writer should own a copying machine. 
Little they know^ the time that's spent, 

and care. 
In hunting "copy" vanished who knows 

where? 
Bear this in mind, observe it to the end, 
And you shall make the editor your 

friend. 
— Notes and Queries. 



look Molxm. 



'The Holy Ghost Dispensation" is the 
title of a neatly bound 170-page book full 
of pungent, practical thoughts on the na- 
ture and functions of the Holy Spirit. It 
is issued by the Publishing Association of 
Friends in this city, of which Elder P. W. 
Raidabaugh is at the head. 



Also by the same publishers and by 
the same author — Dr. Dougan Clark, of 
Earlham College, Ind. — a nice, little vol- 
ume entitled "Instruction to Christian 
Converts." Like all of Dr. Clark's books, 
it is suggestive, practical and instructive- 



Rev. A. Sims, of Kingston, Cnt., Can- 
ada, publishes an excellent catalogue of 
books, among which is "Remarkable 
Naratives," or records of powerful re- 
vivals, striking providences, tragic death 



bed scenes, and other authentic incidents. 
Prof. H. F. Kletzing, of Naperville, 
has just published another of his popular 
books entitled, 'Traits of Character Illus- 
trated in Bible Light." It sells for $1, 
is beautifully bound in cloth, and, like all 
of the Professor's books, is unique, inter- 
esting and practical. 



The Reformed Presbyterian Advocate 
is now published in Minneapolis, Minn., 
corner Harvard and Delaware streets, by 
John A. McClelland. We hope it will be 
as true to reform principles as it was in 
the hands of Rev. R. W. Chesnut at Ma- 
rissa. 111. 



The work of Elder P. W. Raidabaugh 
m publishing twelve Sabbath school and 
juvenile periodicals, having a circulation 
of 141,000, is far reaching and important. 
His is a position of great responsibilitv. 



Y^ou should at least contribute the price 
ot The Cynosure to this cause for the rea- 
son that its supporters are so few. and 
far between. Other reforms, such as Pro- 
hibition and the Sabbath, do not encoun- 
ter such opposition and have enlisted 
hosts of followers. Remember it costs 
much to speak out on this question. The 
great publication boards of the popular 
churches dare not carry in their stock, 
books or literature on this subject. The 
great church papers scarcely ever touch 
on it. Even the press of most of the anti- 
secret churches only occasionallv publish 
on it. 



The Cynosure is the most reliable 
source for obtaining information upon 
the history, character and doings of the 
secret empire that is accessible to the 
people. No other paper has such facili- 
ties for turning the light upon this im- 
portant subject. 



It is the duty of all citizens and follow- 
ers of Christ to post themselves on the 
evils of secret societies. It is impossible 
to be an intelligent, loyal Christian and 
remain silent on this subject. The ex- 
cuse that you have too many papers will 
not justify you in refusing to support this 
Tirst-class anti-secrecy paper. Stop half 
your other papers and take The Cyno- 
sure. 



24 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
lig"ious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second class 
matter. 



♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦•§'«|»^«|»«$«<j» 



The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 
(Friend). 

Rev. M. A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Wm. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business iVlanager, 
to whom all letters containing money and relating to 
the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 



Rev. John G. Stearns, well-known 
author: — Masonry will by no means die 
of itself; nor will it separate itself from 
me church of God. No; it will cling to 
it, like the deadly scorpion to the victim 
on which it fastens. The church must 
tberefore separate from tbat. 



IMMERSION 

A Romish Invention 



By the 



able scholar. Rev. W. A. RlacKay, 
D. Z)., of CcDiada. 



This book has had a phenomenal sale, 
having gone through eight editions (14,000 
copies) in a few years. 

It is widely circulated in the United 
States and Scotland, and virtually enjoys 
a monopoly of the Canadian market. 

Dr. A. A. Hodge, 0/ Prhiccton Seminary, 
N.J., says: "I regard the argument in this 
book as established beyond successful 
answer, and as clearly and effectively pre- 
sented." 

Every Bible student should possess a 
copy. Send 

25 CENTS FOR SAMPLE COPY 



Rem. o. o. Plotter. 

MORNING SUN, IOWA. 



James O .Birne' 1, candidate of the Liber- 
ty part^ for Fres\ dent, was a Freemason, 
"but never entere i a lodge after he joined 
the church, and, as ^is sons grew up, he 
cautioned them against joining any se- 
cret o/der." — Oen. Wm. Birney. 

(JharijES C. Foote: — vVhat would tlie 
introduction of Cbrist into Mohamme- 
diuism be, but its annihilation? And 
thus would it be with Masonry. 

ALB.-.IIT Barnes, 184.9: — Any good 
cause, I think, can be promoted openly, 
any secret association is liable, at least, 
to abuse and danger. 




GRANGER SECRETS. 



How to Do Good and Get 
Paid for It. 

W'C have in stock a limited numiber of 
"Helps to Bible Study," by Rev. A. Sims, 
of O'ntario. 196 pages, cloth, 50 cents. 
Wie consider it an 'excellent wO'i^k. 

We 'have also a limlited number of 
"Toudhing Incidents and Remarkable 
Answers to Prayer." S. ,B. Shaw, pub- 
lislher, 128 pages, 6x8, illustrated, full 
morocco, $1.00. 

As long as our supply continues, we 
will present a copy of either of the above 
books to every one vA\o will send us one 
new sTJjbscriber with his own renewal 
and only $2.00. 



May, 1898. CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



A WOMAN'S 

LIFE WORK. 

Thirty Years' Service on the Un= 

derground Railroad and 

in the War. 



This is a story of a wonderful life. The author was an active Anti-Slavery 
agitator and through her underground railroad work assisted hundreds of slaves 
to escape from bondage. During the war she spent about two years taking care 
of the sick and wounded. Through her efforts more than 2,000 Union soldiers 
were liberated. She accomplished a great work in providing for the Freedmen 
of Kansas after the close of the war. She was the founder of the State Public 
School, at Coldwater, Mich., an institution which was the first of its kind in the 
world. The Prince of Wales having heard that it was the outgrowth of a wom- 
an's plan and work, wrote to this country to find out if such were really the fact. 
The Industrial School for Girls at Adrian, Mich., almost entirely owes its first 
existence, and especially its name, to her efforts. Haviland Academy, at Havi- 
land, Kansas, was named in her honor, as also the town in which it is located. 
Her whole life has been one of cheerful self-denial for the good of others. At 
the World's Fair she was introduced by President Palmer as "The Mother of 
Philanthropy," and well s'he deserves the title. Her experience as told in this 
book will be read with thrilling interest. It is a plain, simple narrative of her 
very busy, useful life, but of a more fascinating interest than fiction. Many have 
pronounced it equal to ''Uncle Tom's Cabin." Aunt Laura is now in ber n'ne- 
tieth year and is still actively engaged in public work. She has added some fifty 
new pages for this edition. 

Among those who strongly recommend her book and commend her life 
are: The Chicago Tribune, The Baptist Standard, The Chicago Inter-Ocean, 
Rev. C. C. Foote of Detroit, Mich., John G. Whittier, Rev. Geo. W. Clark, ex- 
Governor Chas. M. Croswell, T. C. Beaman, ex-Congressman; Rev. J. F. Con- 
over, D. D., and others. 

This wonderful book is printed' on good paper and contains 625 pages, 
6x8 inches. Illustrated. It is substantially bound in cloth with red edges, title 
stamped on side and back with aluminum. The retail price of the book is $1.50. 

The book will be sent FREE to anyone renewing his own subscriotion 
and sending two new subscriptions to the Cynosure, and $3.00. 



26 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898 



WAR WITH SPAIN 

RELIABLE WAR NEWS 




IN THE GREAT 



NATIONAL 

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NEWSPAPER 

Furnished by Special Correspond- 
ents at the front. 



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will contain all important war news of the daily edition. 

Special dispatches up to the hour of publication. 

Careful attention will be given to Farm and Family Top- 
ics, Foreign Correspondence, Market Reports, and all general 
news of the World and Nation. 



We furnish The New York Weekly Tribune and 

BOTH ONE YEAR FOR $1.00. 

Send all orders to THE CYNOSURE, CHICAGO ILL. 



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DETROIT AND CLEVELAND 

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Berths, 75c., $1. Stateroom, $1.75. 

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May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Standard Works 

-ON- 

Secret Societies 

FOK SALE BY THE 

HPTIOHfiL GHQlSTIflN HSSOGIflTION. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, 111. 

Terms:— Cash with order, or if sent by express 
Co O. D. at least $i.oo must be sent with order a? 
a guaranty that books will be taken. Books an 
ifstaii prices sent postpaid. Books by Mail ^-e at 
insk of persons ordering, unless 8 cents extra it 
sent to pay for registering them, when meir sate 
deiivery is guaranteed. Books at retail ordered' 
bj express, are sold at lo per cent discount amd 
ielivery guaranteed, but not express ps^L Fosi 
eg® s4amps tiakem ifosr smaU smejsSo 

ON FREEMASONRY. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. First 

three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
■ paper, 40c. 
Thp accuracy of these expositions .attested by 
affidavits of Jacob O. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 
Castrated. 

Knighi Teniplarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ri( ~al of the six degrees of 
Jhe Council and Commandery. ^ 

Hand=Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Scotch Rite flasonry^fillustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 
^ The complete illustrated ritual of the entiro 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
grc's are common to all the Masonic Rites, ana 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Voi. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
hvciusive. with the signs, grips, tokens ^nd pass- 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Ecce Orient!. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of t^e First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 
Candidate. 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Giving the degrees of Mark Master, Fast Master. 
VT'^iir K^iW^llept Master <«afj Rowa?. Arch 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Ritual of the Commandery 
Masonic Degreoe. Knights of the Red Cross, 
Knight Templar and Knight ot .Malta, nth to 13th 



Allyn's Ritual of Freemasonry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cioth, $5.00. 
Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge. Chapter Council and Commandery, 11 of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Ke" to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orange Societies'. 

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav' 
ings, and containing the .itual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, incluang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as "Freemasonry /lustrated." 

Richardson's Monitor of Freema- 

sonrj'. Cloth, $1.2^; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of^ Lodges, Chapters. 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only vf^y incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven deo^rees. and 
as to the high r degrees it '>rives but a description 
and general idea of the degrees rather than the 
full ritual. 

Look to the East. A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry I'-Vj?- 

trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 

quarter the price. 

Council of the Orier^t. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in Cypher, 8th to 10th inclusive, 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas-. 
'.et and Super Excellent Master. 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c, 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
terred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty^ 
wo degree Masons. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages. 

Freemasonry Contrary to the 
Christian Religion. By " Spectator," 
Atlanta, Ga. 16 pages 5c. 

Hon. Thurlow Weed on the Mor- 
gan Abduction. 16 pages 5c. 

This is the legally attested statement of this 
eminent Christian journalist and statesman con- 
cerning the unlawful seizure and conhnement of 
Capt. Morgan in Canandaigu?. jail, his removal to 
Fort Niagara and subsequent drowning in Lake 
Ontario. 

Freemasonry a Fourfold Con» 
spiracy. 16 pages, 5c. 

Address of Pres. J. Blanchard, This is a most 
convincing argument against the lodge. 

Mah=Hah=Bone; 589 pages; $i.oo 

Comprises the Hand Book, Master's Carpet and 
Freemasonry at a glance. 

ON ODD-FELLOWSHIP. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa-= 
per cover, 25c. 

This is an exceedingly interesting, Oa^r discus- 
sion of the charu ter of Odd-fellowsnip, in the fori** 
of a dialogue. 



28 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



Revised Odd=fellowship Illustra^- 
ted. Cloth, $i.oo: paper cover, 5octs. 
The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
ly illustrated, and o:uaranteed to be strictly ac- 
curate; with a sketch of origin, history and char- 
acter of the order, over one hundred toot-note 
quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree by ex-President J . Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
Books" furnished by the Sovereign Grand Lodee. 

Sermon on Odd=fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor o^^ Evangelical Lutheran 
church. IOC. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and, the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows. Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 

OTHER RITUALS. 

Revised Kniglits of Pythias. Il?us- 
trated. Cloth, 50c; paper cover 25c. 

An exact copy of the new official Ritual Adopted 
by the Supreme Lodge of the world, with the Se- 
«ret work added and fully Illustrated. 

Knights of the Orient Illustrated. 

15c each. 

The full Illustrated RitMs j .. Ancient Order ot 
the Orient or the Oriental degree. This is a side 
degree conferred mostly 1 Knights of Pythias 
lodges. 

Good Templarisnr Illustrated. 25c. 

A full and accurate exposition of the degrees of 
the lodge, temple and council. 

Exposition of thf^ Grange. 25c. 

Edited by Rev. A. W. 3eeslin. Illustrated with 
engravings. 

Ritual of the Grand Army of the 
Republic loc. each. 

The authorized ritual of 1868, with signs of re- 
cognition, pass-words, etc.. and ritual of Machin- 
ists' and Blacksmiths' Union, (The two bound to- 
gether.) 

Knights of Labor Illustrated. 25c. 

("Adelphon Kruptos.'") The com^ lete illus- 
trated ritual of the order, including the "unwritten 
work." 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20c. each. 

A. full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
degrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe, 

Red rien Illustrated. In cloth 50c. 

each, $2.00 per dozen postpaid. 

The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. comprising the Adop- 
tion Degree, Hunter's Degree, Warrior's Degree, 
Chief's Degree, with the Odes, etc. 

The Foresters Illustrated. Paper. 

cover 25c. each, $2,00 per dozen. 
The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Forest- 
/rs, with Installation Ceremonies. 

Uniteu Sons of Industry Illustra- 
ted. 15c. each, 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the sec- 
ret tradesunion of the above name, giving the 
signs, grips, passwords, etc. 

Rituals and Secrets Illustrated. 

$1.00, each. 

Composed of "Temple of Honor Illustrated, 
Adoptive Masonry Illustrated," "United Sons of 
Industry U'-'stratcC.'' and "Secret Societies lllus- 
trated.'' 

Sermon on flasonry. 5c. each. 

By Rev. V/. P. McNary, pastor of United Pres- 
byterian church. 



MI8CELLAIJE0DS. 

History Nat'l Cnristian Associ- 
ation. IOC. each. 

Its origin, objects, what it has done and aims to 
do, and the best means to accomplish the end 
sought, the Articles of Constitution and By-lawr 
of the Association. 

Secret Societies. Cloth 35c. pape. 
15c. 

A discussion of their character and claims bj 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

The Master's Carpet or flasonry 
and Baal Worship Identical. Bound 
in fine cloth. 400 pages. 75c. 
Explains the true source and meaning of every 

ceremony and symbol of the lodge. 

Disloyal Secret Oaths. 5c. 

By Joseph Cook. Boston. He quotes the law of 
Vermont which makes the administration of the 
Masonic oaths illegal. Joseph Cook's address is a 
national treatment of a national subject, and very 
valuable for reference. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 
D. Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c. 

Finney on flasonry. Cloth 75c., 

paper 35c. 

The character, claims and practical workings of 
Freemasonry. By ex-Pres. Charles G. Finney, of 
Oberlin College. President Finney was a " bright 
Mason," but left the lodge when he became a 
Christian. This book has opened the eyes cf 
multitudes. 

flasonic Oaths Null and Void: or 
Freemasony Seif=Convicted. 207 

pages. Postpaid, 40c. 

This is a book for the times. The design of the 
author is to refute the arguments of those who 
claim that the oaths of Freemasonry are binding 
upon those who take them. 

Judge Whitney's Defence before 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 15c. 

Judge Daniel H. Whitney was Master of the 
lodge when S. H. Keith, a member of his lodge, 
murdered Ellen Slade. Jiidge Whitney, by at- 
tempting to bring Keith to justice, brought on 
himself the vengeance of the lodge, but he boldly 
replied to the charges against him, and afterward* 
renounced Mason'-y 

General Washington Opposed to 
Secret Societies. loc. 

This is a re-publication of Governor Joseph Rit- 
ner's " Vindication of General Washington from 
the Stigma of Adherence to Secret Societies," 
communicated to the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania, March 8, 1837, at their special re- 
quest. To this is added the fact that three high 
Masons were the only perso js who opposed a vote 
of thanks to Washington on his retirement to pri- 
vate life -undoubtedly because they considered him 
a seceding Freemason, 

florgan's Exposition, Abduction 

and flurder and Oaths of 33 degrees. 

304 pages, cloth, $1.00, 
•••Composed of Freemasonry Exposed," by Capt. 
Wm. Morgan; ''History of the Abduction and 
Murder of Morgan;" "Valance's Confession of 
the Murder of Capt. Wm. Morgan;" "Bernard's. 
Reminiscences of Morgan Times," and •'Oaths 
and Penalties of 33 Degrees." 

Oaths and Penalties of Freemason- 
ry, as proved in court in New Berhn 
trials IOC. 

T/^2 New Berlin trials began in the attempt ot 
Freemasons to prevent public initiation by seed 
ing Masons. These trials were held at New Berlin. 
Chenango Co,, N. Y., April 13 and 14, 1831, an,-» 
General Augustus C„ Welsh, sheriff of the countv. 
and other adhering Freemasons swore to the trrjti 
fui revelation of the oaths and ijena't'ss. 



May, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



29 



The Anti=mason's 5crap-Book. 

25c. 

Consisting of 53 "Cynosure" tracts. In ch.s 
book are the views of more than a score of men, 
cnany of them of distinguished abi'xty, on the sub' 
ject of secret societies. 

The Image of the Beast; A Secret 
Empire; or Freemasonry a Subject of 
Prophecy. By Rev. Richard Horton. 
Third Edition. 200 pages, cloth, 6oc. 

Grand Lodge flasonry. 5c. each 

Its relation to civil government and the Christian 
religion. By Pres. J. Blanchard. The an-Ctiris- 
tian, anti-republican and despotic character of 
Freemasonry is proved from the highest Masonic 
authorities. 

Masonry a Work of Darkness, ad- 
verse to Christianity, and inimical 
to Republican Government. 15c. 
By Rev. Lebbeus Armstrong (Presbyterian) a 

seceding Mason of 21 degrees. 

Sermon on Masonry. 5c. each. 

By Rev. J. Day Brownlee. In reply to a Ma- 
sonic Oration by Rev. Dr. Mayer, Wellsville, Ohio. 

Story of the Gods. Postpaid, loc. 

By 1. R. B. Arnold. Brief sketches from the 
mythology of Rome, Creece, Egypt. India, Persia, 
Phrygia, Scandina' la, Africa and America, show- 
ing the relations and unity of the past and present 
systems. The idolatrous worship of the Masonir 
lodge is thus clearly seen and understood. 

Masonic Outrages. Postpaid, 20c. 

Compiled by Rev. H. H. Hinman. Showing 
Masonic assualt on lives of seceders, on reputation, 
•and on free speech; its interference with justice iv 
courts, etc 

History of the Abduction and Mur- 
der of Capt. Wm. Morgan. 25c. 

A3 prepared by seven committees of citizens, 
appointed to ascertain the fate of Morgan. 

Sermon on Secretism, 5c. eacn. 

By Rev. R. Theo. Cross, pastor Congregational 
church, Hamilton, N. V. This is a very clear ayr. 
of the objections to all secret societies, and to Ma- 
"■nrv especially, that are apparent to all. 

Anti=masonic Sermons and Ad- 
dresses. Cloth, $1 GO. 

Composed of " Masonry a Work of Darkness;" 
the Sermons of Messrs. Cross, William M'Nary, 
Dow and Sarver, the two addresses of President 
Blanchard, and the addresses of President H. H. 
George. Prof. J. G. Carson and Rev. M. S. Drury; 
" Thirteen Reasons Why a Christain Cannot be a 
Freemason," "Freemasonry Contrary to the 
Christian Religion," and " Are Masonic Oaths 
Binding on the Initiate.? " 287 pages. 

Secret Societies, Ancient and 
Modern. 50c. each. 

Contents: The Antiquity of Secret Societies 
The Life of Julian, The Eleusinian Mysteries, The 
•Origin of Masonry, Was Washington a Mason.' 
Fillmore and Webster's Deference to Masonry, A 
Brief Outline of the Progress of Masonry in the 
United States, The Tammany Ring, Masonic Be- 
nevolence, The Uses of Masonry, An Illustration, 
The Conclusion. 

Secret Societies Illustratedc 

Over 250 cuts, gg pages, paper cover, 
25c. each. 

Containing the signs, grips, passwords, em- 
blems, etc., of Freemasonry (Blue Lodge, a.nd tc 
the fourteenth d-=>«ree of the York rite). Adoptive 
Ma(,v.„-.y, Revised Odd-fellowship. Good Templar- 
ism, the Temple of Honor, the United Sons of In- 
dustry, Knights of Pythias and the Grange, with 
affidavits, etc. 

Prof. J. G. Carson, D. D., on Se- 
cret Societies. loc. each. 

A most convincing argument against fellowship- 
jn^ Freemasons in the Christian church. 



Sermon en flasonry. i6 pages, 
5c. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
United Presbyterian church. 

Oaths and Penalties of the 33 
Degrees of Freemasonry. 15c. each. 

To get these thirty-three degrees of Masonic 
bondage, the candidate takes half-a-million horri- 
ble oaths. 

Ex=President John Quincy Ad- 
ams. Price, cloth, $Loo. Paper, 35c. 

Letters on the Nature of Masonic Oaths, Obli' 
gations and Penalties, 

Sermon on flasonry. loc. each. 

By Rev. James Williams, Presiding Elder of 
Dakota District Northwestern Iowa Conference 
M. E. Church— a seceding Master Mason. 

The Mystic Tie or Freemasonry a 
League with the Devil. 15c, 

This is an account of the church trial of Peter 
Cook and wife, of Elkhart, Indiana, for. refusing 
10 support a reverend Freemason. 

Sermon on Secret Societies. 5c. 

each. 

By Rev. Daniel Dow, Woodstock, Conn. The 
special object of his sermon is to show the right 
and duty of Christians to examine into the char- 
acter of secret so:ieties, no matter what object 
such societies profess to have. 

Reminiscences of florgan Times. 

IOC. each. 

By Elder David Bernard. This is a thrilling 
narrative of the incidents connected with Ber- 
nard's Revelation of Freemasonry. 

The Broken Seal. In cloth, 75c. 
Paper covers, 40c. 

Personal Reminiscences of the Abduction and 
Murder of Capt. Wm. Morgan. By Samuel D. 
Greene. 

Pres. H. H. George on Secret 
Societies, roc. each. 

A powerful address, showing clearly the duty of 
Christian churches to disfellowship secret socie- 
ties. 

Narratives and Arguments, 

15c. each. 

Showing the conflict of secret societies with the 
Constitution and ^aw of the Union and of the 
States. By Francis Semple. 

Secrecy vs. the Family, State 
and Church. loc. each. 

By Rev. M. S. Dury. The antagonism of or- 
ganized secrecy to the welfare of the family, state 
and church, is clearly shown. 

A Booklet of 107 pages. 25c. 

*'The Martyr's Own Monument," by Rev. J. E. 
Roy, D. D.. Western Secretary of American Mis- 
sionary Association; "Christian Politics," by 
Re7. J. Blanchard, late Edi-tor of Christian Cyno- 
sure; " The Mysterious Machine: Was it Lawn- 
mower, Town-pump, Balloon, Wheel-barrow,— or 
what? " by Prof. E. D. Bailey, of the Civil Service 
Dept. U. S. Government. 

Are Secret Societies a Biessing? 

A pamphlet of 20 pages. 5c. 

An address by Rev. B. Carradine, D. D., pasto* 
of the Centenary M. E. church. St. Louis, Mc. 
Jan. 4, icSgi. \V, McCoy writes: "That sermon 
ought to be in the hands of every preacher in this 
land, and every citizen's, too." 

Between Two Opinions: or the 
Question of the Hour. 389 pages; cloth, 
postpaid, 75 cents. 

By Miss E. E. Flagg, author of " Little People," 
"A Sunny Lite," etc., etc. Everyone who loves 
to read a good story, chaste and elegant in ex- 
pression, pure in thought, interesting in narrative, 
should read this book upon the powei of secrec 
•societies in Dolitics. aid the remedy. 



30 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 




IVIASONIC CHART. 

ILLUSTRATING THE RELATION OF SOME OF THE DEGREES AND RITES IN 
FREEMASONRY TO EACH OTHER. 
The accompanying chart represents one hundred and forty two degrees. 

I. The American Rite of 13 degrees; 2. The Scotch Rite of 33 degrees; 

3. The Egyptian Rite of 96 degrees. 4. The Mystic Shrine of one degree. 

5. The Eastern Star of 5 degrees for Master Masons and for women. These are side degrees, and not 
genuine masonry. 

The Symbolic degrees, or Blue Lodge of three degrees, are common to every Masonic rite, whether 
American, Scotch, or Egyptian, or whichever of the Masonic rites, named in Mackey's Masonic Encyclo- 
pedia one may choose to investigate. ) 

This chart shows in the Blue Lodge the position of the Worshipful Master and some of the other offi- 
cers of the iodge. -Viveral positions of the ca -didate who is being initiated are also shown. In the Master 
Mason's aegree is recognized the murder, burlai ai^Z r^surrectitnK o-ene oo inh a£ rp.li^ous signifiv 'nee to 
Freemasons. 



Mav, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



31 



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Testimonies. With Portraits. 

. This booklet of thirty pages contains the 
statements of prominent Congregational min- 
isters and Associations on the secret lodge 
system. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Facts and Photography. 

In this brief booklet are collected the opin- 
ions on secret societies of some fifty men de- 
vout in piety, profound in scholarship, and 
■eminent in statecraft, also the testimonies of 
seceders from the lodge, as well as extracts 
from standard Masonic writers. 

Postpaid 5 cents each. 




Folly, Expense aDd Dangier 

Secret Societies. 

By CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, President 
of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern AVoodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 



American Hand Book and 
Citizens' Manual. 

By M. N. BUTLER. 

This is a book of 200 pages, 7% by 5 inches, 
and is sent postpaid for 25 cents. There are 
chapters on "Bible and Secretism," "Lodge 
and Saloon," "All-round Reformers," etc., 
etc. 25 cents each. 



COLLEGE SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Their custom, character, and efforts for their 
suppression. By H. L. Kellogg. Containing 
the opinion of many college presidents, an(? 
others, and a full acount of the murder of Mor- 
timer Leggett. 25 cents each. 



32 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1898. 



]=fri:z:e: e:^^.a."s^^. 



Secrecy and Citizenship. 

Secrecy and Citizenship consists of three essays which received the re- 
spective prizes of $300, $75 and $25. 

The successful competitors were I. J. Lansing, D. D.; Benjamin F. True- 
blood, LL. D., and Rev. D. W. Sleeth. 

Rev. F. W. Farr, the widely known superintendent of Rev. A. B. Simp- 
son's work, the Christian Alliance, was asked to open the discussion on the "Prize 
Essays," at the Philadelphia Convention (November, J 897), and he then dis- 
cussed at length some of the salient points in each essay: 

In the essay of Dr. Lansing, the independent power of the lodge as a 
menace to the State was particularly dw^lt upon. 

In the essay of Dr. Trueblood. the paralysis of moral vision resulting from 
lodge associations was clearly set forth. And in tlie essay of Dr. Sleeth, the dis- 
tinctions between secrecy and privacy were explained. 

The unanimous verdict of those participating in the discussion was that 
the Prize Essays were worthy of wide circulation and careful perusal. It is an 
attractive as well as a valuable volume of 137 pages, 5x7^ inches, cloth, sent post- 
paid for 50 cents. 

With your own renewal and one new subscription both papers one year 
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B' 



Washington a Seceding Mason. 




Report to Legislature of Pennsylvania. 



^m 



Governor Ritner, in response to a communication from the Legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania, prepared a vindication of General Washington, 
from the stigma of adherence to secret societies, in which he proves 
from authentic documents: 

1. That in 1768 Washington had ceased regular attendance on the 
lodge. 

2. That in 1798, shortly before his death, his opinions were the same 
as thirty j^ears before, when thirty-six years old. 

3. Ihat he was nevei '-'Gi and Master" or ''Master" of any particu- 
lar lodge. 

4. That in 1781, as appears by the record of King David's lodge, 
Newport, Rhode Island, it was not agreeable to Washington to be ad= 
dressed even as a private Mason. 

5. That all letters said to be written by Washington to lodges are 
spurijas. 



ffl«ffifflfflfflffiffiffi 




REV. J. M. FOSTER. 



CONTENTS. 



Cnrrent Notes 34 

Fraternal Orders— Are They Fraternal?. . .35 

Fraternal Insurance 41 

Facts and Illustrations 42 

Our Symposium— Secret Insurance Socie- 
ties 43 

Editorial— Communications ..46 

A Franlv Admission .46 

A Baptist Leader 46 

Profanity 47 



How to Study Masonry 4T 

Would It Protect?. . . 47 

Our Question Drawer .48- 

Board of Directors' Report 49 

News of Our Work 51 

The Annual Meeting .52 

Reports of Secretaries ... * < . 52. 

Letters to the Convention. 54^ 

Booli Notices ■ 5* 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
l^H)sed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa,, In.' 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in, 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and' the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is Interdenominational. 
Tha president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the yice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named ofiScers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Con- 
gregational^ Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical^ 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which' property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicago. 

The association is supported by the fre» 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosnre is its organ and princl> 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon- 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure— Rev. M. A. 
Gault, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E, A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. P. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinlus. 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St Paul, Minn,; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washln^on, D. C. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, JUNE, 1898. 



NUMBER 2. 



PUP.LISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TERnS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICE— Per year, in advance. $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; tingle copies, 10 cents. 

OISCONT!NUANCES.-Wc find that a larce number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tnil to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontmue is re- 
c«ived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
b!s series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time Gunng the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.-Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian CYNnsukE to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, it v,e are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, Lud to send liO bill for 
the tnsuing year. 



The tyramny of secret labor unions wil 
be the subject of our July Symposium. 



The fraternal Levites pass by on the 
other side when a man is in poor health 
or over 45 years of age. 



Will our contributors please send us 
pointers and strong facts on the slavery 
of secret labor unions for our next Sym- 
'posium. 



The one idea of The Cynosure is broad. 
It is not a party or denominational jour- 
nal. It stands for the authority of Christ 
and his law. It opposes secret organiza- 
tions because they rend and destroy 
Christ's three divine institutions, the fam- 
ily, the church and the state. 



The Cynosure's long fight against 
great odds appeals to every brave man's 
sympathy. It antagonizes the most 
powerful foe of the church to-day. In 
early days it went through two baptisms 
of fire, but, like ]\Ioses' burning bush, it 
was not consumed. 



A motion to submit an amendment to 
the constitution allowing walking dele- 
gates to be seated as delegates to the 
Chicago Federation of Labor 'was adopt- 
ed by a vote of 66 to 20 at a meeting Sab- 



bath afternoon. 



May 15. 



A new secret society, "The Black 
Dragon," has been organized at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago among the undergrad- 
uate men. The club has a membership 



of 



nme 



and occupies quarters at 5660 



Washington avenue. It is reported that 
the society is seeking a charter from the 
Delta Tau Delta fraternitv. 



The press of our country for years has 
been warning the people against the un- 
scrupulous assessments of fraternal in- 
surance societies. There is a growing 
discontent and disturbance among mem- 
bers of these fraternities which threatens 
to plunge the nation into a financial crisis 
in the near future. 



In Ft. Scott a little 6-year-old boy told 
a neighbor that when his mother died he 
would get lots of money. At home he 
got the idea oif setting a money value on 
his mother. She called it protecting her 
child. But why do parents want their 
children to eat the bread which rightfully 
and lawfully belongs to other children? 
Has not God said that He will visit the 
iniquities of the fathers upon the chil- 
dren? 



The graveyard of co-operative insur- 
ance companies is being constantly en- 
larged, and still there is more to follow. 
The craze that leads men to expect some- 
thing for little or nothing probably never 
was greater than to-day. We have a list 
of seventeen hundred and twenty co-oper- 
ative assessment and fraternal societies 
that have died during the last twenty 
years, leaving over 495,955 certificate 



34 



CHRiISTIulX CY^^OSURE. 



June. 1S98. 



holders without insurance, and nothing 
to show for their investments. 



An elder in one of the Chicago U. P. 
churches, who is a carpenter, found it 
impossible to get work until he had join- 
ed the Carpenters' Union, paying an in- 
itiation fee of $25. This money doubt- 
less 'went to headquarters to pay ex- 
penses of 'walking delegates, or for the 
supjx)rt of unemployed members, or pos- 
sibly for liquors to lubricate the machin- 
ery at lodge- meetings. 



The names can be given for this well- 
authenticated case: A plumber in Chi- 
cago slightly offended a master plumber. 
Orders were at once issued which pre- 
vented him from buying supplies at Wolff 
& Co.'s, the largest plumbers' supply 
house, or any other house m Chicago. 
He is also compelled before he can ob- 
tain work to go to the Plumbers' Associ- 
ation, and pay them whatever fine they 
impose before he can buy a pound of 
material for bis work. How is that for 
free institutions? 



The Inter Ocean of Nov. 7, 1896, said 
that the American Legion of Honor had 
that year published a circular in connec- 
tion with the August and September as- 
sessments, in which it notified them that 
the mortality in April and June had gone 
far beyond the usual experience, and that 
they had to levy two extra assessments. 
There was talk of applying for a receiver 
for this fraternity. It was founded in 
Boston in 1878, and in '96 had a mem- 
bership of 53,000, which during the five 
years previous had fallen off 9,000. 



Brother J. Boyes, our esteemed cor- 
respondent from Derby, England, writes 
that during April an interesting discus- 
sion was carried on through the press of 
England as the result of a sermon by Dr. 
R. F. Horton of London. It was a pow- 
erful attack on Rormanism as an obstacle 
to national well-being. Dr. Luke Riv- 
ington of the Angelican Church under- 
took to answer it, using strong language 
and startling statements. He objected 
to Spain, Italy and South America being 
classed as Roman Catholic countries, and 
emphatically asserted that their degrad- 
ed and backward condition was not 
brought about througji their connection 



with Romanism, but was solely due to 
the corrupting force of Freemasonry. 

The tendency of all secret organiza- 
tions toward empire and one-man power 
has another illustration in a stormy cli- 
max reached in an unusually large G. A. 
R. meeting at Worcester, Mass., reported 
in the daily Telegram of that city. A 
series of strong resolutions were adopted 
declaring that a widespread discontent 
existed in the G. A. R., because of the 
control of national and State encamp- 
ments by other than by regularly elected 
delegates, and also declaring that it is 
inconsistent with the objects of the or- 
ganization and a relic of monarchical 
ideas that past department commanders 
should be constituted life members of the 
national encampment, and that the 
money raised by taxation should be used 
for the purchase otf gifts or testimionials 
for present or retiring ofhcers. 



'Tt is announced in the daily press," 
says the Voice of Masonry, ''that John 
Wanamaker, on April 2, 1898, was 
'made a Mason at sight' by the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania." If that is true 
why was such favoritism extended to 
him, and why was it heralded in the daily 
press? To Masonry John Wanamaker 
is no more than any other worthy and 
well-qualified man, and no Masonic rea- 
son could have existed for making him a 
favorite over others. If the "level of 
equality" is meaningless then let it be dis- 
pensed with, and let favoritism rule." 
The Voice of Masonry knows well that 
favoritism is the inspiration and ruling 
spirit of Masonry. Its business is to put 
men in higher and lower degrees. Like 
every false religion, it puts men in layers 
and destroys the "level of equality." But 
what disturbs our contmporary is that 
this favoritism is being heralded by the 
public press. The special initiation of 
John Wanamaker is too much of an 
object lesson for the public on this line. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard furnishes us for 
this number an excellent cut of Rev. J. 
N. Foster, of whom he writes: "He is 
pastor of the Second Reformed Presby- 
terian Church of Boston and President 
of the New England Christian Associa- 
tion, is a fearless and able advocate of all 
reforms. He is loval to the church of 



June, 1808. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



35 



Christ in principle, teaching and admin- 
istration. His series of three or four lec- 
tures on Romanism were acknowledged 
to be among the ablest delivered upon 
Music Hall platform, and his Review ar- 
ticles and articles and addresses on gov- 
ernment reform are the peers of the ablest 
thinkers on these vital topics. Cynosure 
readers know his ability as a pungent 
and prolific writer, and fearless cham- 
pion of Christ and His church against 
the secret lodge system. Fearless, un- 
compromising, affable and always ready, 
he is a dangerous antagonist to Satan 
and his kingdom, and a warm, genial 
friend of all who love the Master and 
stand by the truth." 



THE FRATERNAL ORDERS— ARE THEY 
FRATERNAL? 



BY ELIZABETH E. FLAGG. 



TREMONT TEMPLE'S EARLIEST 
PAbTOR. 



From Chicago University, Dr. N. 
Colver wrote as follows to a Royal 
Arch Mason: "The time was when 
I supposed the obligations of Ma- 
sonry binding upon m^e. It was at the 
time when all the secrets of Masonry^ were 
published in the state of New York and 
Masons were everywhere denying the dis- 
closures, and persecuting seceders with 
a spirit of malignity unsurpassed at any 
time by the slave-holding rebels of the 
South. I sufYered very much at the tim^e 
in my spiritual feelings; I felt that though 
silent, I was indorsing deception and ly- 
ing, and yet my oaths bound me from 
frankness and truth. I did not sufifer 
more when under conviction for sin than 
1 did in that terrible s^tate. 

"While in this terrible state I read one 
morning in the providence of God for our 
family w^ors'liip concerning the forty Jews-, 
who bound themselves under an oath not 
to eat till they had killed Paul. It struck 
me and unfettered my thoughts. I soon 
arrived at the conviction that they were 
morally bound, not by, but to repent of 
their oath; that any oaths that contra- 
vened the law of God were a matter of re- 
pentance and abandonm'cnt. I was free 
and miy happiness and relief were lit'tk 
surpa&sied w^hen in view of Christ I first 
found the burden of sin removed. From 
that time to this I have neither honored, 
obeyed or spared that lying impostor. 
Free and Accepted Masons. I got free 
from the snare with repentance and 
brokenness of heart, — but oh! I thank 
God I am out." 



There are two magic words dear to the 
human race in every land and under 
every sky: Liberty, Charity. Yet none 
have been so grossly misinterpreted and 
abused. The one has been made the 
watchword of tyrants and demagogues 
in order to dupe and mislead; the other 
the cloak of hypocrites and knaves in or- 
der to fleece and betray. The dying 
words of Madame Roland as she mounted 
the scaffold have become historic: "Oh, 
Liberty, Liberty! what crimes are com- 
mitted in thy name!" But it can be dupli- 
cated by another cry well nigh as bitter 
from the swindled multitudes who have 
found out within the last few years what 
crimes it is possible to commit under the 
blessed name of Charity. 

CHARITY— HOW DEFINED. 

Loosely defined, charity is doing good 
to others without expectation of return. 
This is the charity exercised by the Chris- 
tian church, and the various benevolent 
organizations growing out of her. Done 
with any expectation of return it ceases 
to be charity in the real sense of the word 
and becomes something else. When a 
rich man helps his poorer neighbors to 
homes of their own by lending them 
money for that purpose at easy rates of 
interest, or builds model tenement houses 
and rents them at a figure low enough to 
be within the reach of working peoDle, 
yet high enough to give him back in time 
what he has expended, it is a misnomer tO' 
call it charity. It is business, based on 
philanthropy, and measured by the stand- 
ard of the Golden Rule. It is otften far 
more beneficent and wide-reaching in its 
results than mere almsgiving, and if the 
various fraternal orders were actually 
conducted on any such principle, while 
they could not be called "charitable," and 
while the objectionable feature of secrecy 
would still remain a strong point, might 
yet be made in their favor. 

Charity is never speculative. She never 
deals in "futures." On her ledger books 
— when she keeps any at all — two and 
two is never made to masquerade as five 
or seven. Then how can we call the se- 
cret fraternal orders "charitable?" Yet 



OHRISTIAX CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



there are people both in and out of their 
membership who will boldly assert that 
they "do more good than the churches." 
When the Unjust Steward called his 
Lord's debtors about him, and they 
found their bills suddenly reduced from 
a hundred measures of oil to fifty, and 
so on, he was considered no doubt im- 
mensely charitable. Why the good 
Samaritan who gave two pence to the 
innkeeper for the poor man who fell 
among thieves would scarcely have had 
a show in the estimation of such people! 
But the good Samaritan really gave the 
two pence; he did not speculate on some 
possible return when he might be in 
trouble himself. Nor did he rob Peter 
to pay Paul. He took his own money 
instead otf being generous with money 
that belonged to somebody else. 

Now, let the church stand for the good 
Samaritan, and the lodge for the Unjust 
Steward, and see how faithful is each to 
its type. 

CHARITY OF THE LODGE. 

Lodge reports like to point triumph- 
antly to the large sums they have dis- 
bursed. Here is the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, for instance, which 
claims to have disbursed in the last year 
$8,145,488.26, and from the time it was 
organized to March i, 1898, $82,388,- 
549.69. Not to weary my hearers with 
statistics, let me take this order, which 
has a financial showing equal to, if not 
better, than the average, as standing for 
the whole list of Woodmen, Maccabees, 
Home Circle, Knights of Honor, Royal 
Arcanum, etc. 

In looking over recent issues of some 
of the leading society organs, I find that 
the Royal Arcanum Guide of Boston re- 
ports from 500 to 600 lapses per month, 
or between seven and eight thousand dur- 
ing the last year. These members, who 
liave lapsed through misfortune or the 
pressure of hard times, lose all they have 
paid in. This makes a large sum total, 
as one can see, and exceedingly conven- 
ient to have when the lodge is disbursing 
its ''benefits." But stealing from its poor 
members to pay more fortunate ones is 
not charity any more than when the Un- 
just Steward played the part of philan- 
thropist at his lord's expense. The lapses 
in the Royal Ark, which belied its name 
by going to pieces some time ago, 
amounted in a short period to $258,000. 



AN INCIDENT. 

I came across an incident the other day 
taken from a secret society organ, which 
is of interest in this line. It is a decision 
recently rendered by the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas in Philadelphia. Andrew 
Long, member of the West Philadelphia 
Council, Jr. A. O. U. W., had been forced 
to fall behind and died in arrears to the 
order. A number of A. O. U. W. coun- 
cils had formed themselves into what 
they called ''The Funeral Benefit Asso- 
ciation," a kind of insurance within in- 
surance, each council paying so much to 
insure itself in case of the death of mem- 
bers. When Mr. Long died his council 
made application to the association for 
the money. It was paid over, and the 
council — kept it all! 

Very naturally the widow of the de- 
ceased did not feel satisfied. So she 
brought suit against the council on the 
ground that the money had been paid 
over for her use and benefit, and she 
ought to have it. The court decided the 
case for the council and against the 
widow. It did not matter how much her 
husband had paid in before stern neces- 
sity obliged him to tfall out of the"^ ranks; 
it did not matter that his widow was very 
poor and in great need of the money (this 
fact was especially urged on the atten- 
tion of the judges) ; it did not matter that 
the Funeral Benefit Association paid 
over the funds in good faith; it was de- 
cided — and "very properly" is the only 
comment made — that whether the asso- 
ciation paid the claim or not the member 
must be "in good standing," with all ar- 
rears paid up; otherwise the council had 
a perfect right to retain the money in its 
own treasury instead of paying it over 
to the w^idow. Thus the official seal of 
so-called justice as represented by a 
court of law was made to protect this 
double rascality, for not onlv was the 
widow robbed, but the association which 
paid over the money. 

Now this is not a solitary case. It is 
one of thousands. The only thing unique 
about it is that it got into the courts. As 
a rule, the victims submit in silence, and 
the world hears nothing about their 
wrongs. They are usually too poor to 
pay the costs' themselves, and seldom 
have friends able to take up their cause, 
and back them in the fight for legal re- 
dress—a figK-" ^ which with only right 



June, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



37 



on one side, and the whole secret machin- 
ery of the lodge arrayed against them 
on the other, defeat is almost a foregone 
conclusion from the outset. 

A JUST DECISION. 

However, we have had some righteous 
rulings in the courts. For instance, in 
Saco, Me., the Oddfellows asked that the 
portion of their new block used for lodge 
purposes might be exempted from taxa- 
tion on the ground that they were a bene- 
volent institution. But the court, fol- 
lowing the precedent laid down in a simi- 
lar case in Bangor, that a lodge of this 
kind *'is an association for the mutual 
benefit of its members," and not a charit- 
-able institution within the meaning of the 
statute, said *'No!" 

I wish the echo of that decision might 
reverberate from Maine to California, 
and penetrate to the remotest hamlet. 
An organization formed for the mutual 
benefit of members and no one else is not 
a charitable organization! If it was, the 
family might be considered a charitable 
society, and claim freedom from taxation 
on that score, and with full as good a 
show of justice. 

The American Board otf Foreign Mis- 
sions expends just 7^ per cent, in salaries, 
cost of correspondence, transmission of 
funds, etc., the remaining 92^ per cent, 
going directly to the cause for which it 
was designed. This may be called a fair 
sample of the benevolence of Christian 
organizations, though I could name 
many that are run with even less cost. A 
little thinking and a little figuring ought 
to show to every intelligent mind the dif- 
ference between church and lodge char- 
ity — granting for argument's sake that 
the latter is charity — even on the lowest 
basis of mere dollars and cents. 

SOME SAD CASES. 

The amount which has been lost 
through these orders, chiefly by poor 
people who have had to work hard for 
€very dollar, almost staggers computa- 
tion. Within the last eighteen years be- 
tween seven and eight thousand of these 
mushroom affairs have been started only 
to go down. Who were the ones that lost 
in them? Aged women, deluded into 
drawing all they had out of the savings 
bank on the promise of getting four times 
the amount when their policies matured, 
and "even little cash girls" — I quote from 
Commissioner Merrill's speech before the 



legislative committee, March 2, 1892 — 
"whose heads hardly reached my desk, 
who receive $2.50 a week, their mothers 
giving them the half dollar for spending 
money." They paid in their poor little 
half dollar "on the promise that a pay- 
ment of $2 monthly would surely bring 
them $100 at the close of the year," deny- 
ing themselves every innocent indul- 
gence to which they had been accustom- 
ed, "until," says Mr. Merrill, "as I recall 
one instance, the assessments came more 
frequently, and the two little girls had 
paid in $40 each, and they came and 
stood at my desk, exhibiting in a bunch 
assessments calling for $62 more; they 
were compelled, of course, to drop out, 
and their hard-earned contributions were 
confiscated by more fortunate certificate 
holders." 

WHERE THE MONEY GOES. 

But in the general collapse of the en- 
dowment orders all classes had to come 
in for their share of the loss. And the 
millions paid in were neither burned up 
nor thrown into the sea. They went into 
the pockets of supreme, and exalted, and 
royal, and imperial officials, in the shape 
of enormous salaries for doing nothing. 
One astonishing instance came out at the 
time when the question was being de- 
bated whether the old Bay State should 
continue to set her seal of approval on 
such a system of wholesale robbery. One 
of the officers of the Golden Lion was 
asked in court what position he held in 
that corporation. It was learned that he 
was the Supreme Chaplain, whose duties 
were to open the supreme session with 
prayer. His yearly salary on his own 
statement was $7,500, and as the order 
held its sessions but once in two years, 
he had made but one prayer, for which 
he was paid $15,000! Certainly the most 
expensive prayer on record. Yet this 
man had previous!}^ been only a grocery 
clerk, with a salary of $15 per week. 

"SELLING OUT THE CORPORATIONS." 

The officers of a certain corporation 
received upon an average salaries of 
$10,000 apiece, and not content with this, 
voted themselves extras from ' time to 
time, such as jewelry, silver ware, fine 
horses and carriages, etc., coolly putting 
them under the head of "expenses." The 
usual trick was to "sell out" the corpora- 
tion, as soon as they saw that by every 
law of mathematics it must go to pieces, 



38 



OHRISTlL\N CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



for the amount which happened at that 
time to be in the treasury — some for 
$30,000, some for $50,000, some for $76,- 
000, etc. Of course, when the working 
people, who are ahvays the largest con- 
sumers of necessities, paid in so much 
money, it went out of town, instead of 
circulating in the channels of honest trade 
in the place where they lived. This made 
hard times. Creditors found it hard to 
collect bills; debtors found it hard to pay 
them. So great became the evil that in 
Massachusetts and many other States it 
became necessary to pass laws more or 
less restrictive. A ifew of the officers were 
arrested and imprisoned, but the greater 
number were missing when their pres- 
ence w^as most anxiously desired, having 
suddenly discovered that their health re- 
quired a more genial climate. 

ANOTHER INCIDENT. 

The following incident given in the 
Binghamton Republican perfectly illus- 
trates the principle on which these or- 
ders were run by the rascals at their 
head: A Binghamton mother tfound 
her little son, aged 7, crying bitterly. 

"What are you crying about, Charlie?'' 
she asked. 

"Oh, mamma, I'm a bankrupt! I've 
lost all my money." 

"Why, how is that, dear?" 

"Well, you see, Jimmie Smith started 
a 'benefit society.' We boys were to put 
in a cent a day for a week, and then he 
was to pay us a dollar apiece. An' to- 
day, when we asked him for the money he 
said the bank was busted." 

"And wouldn't he divide the money?" 

"No! he said we'd had the 'society,' 
so he'd take the 'benefit,' and he did." 

THEIR FRATERNITY A SHAM. 

"Fraternity" is another grand catch- 
ward with these organizations. Fraternal 
associations they call themselves. Now 
fraternity, as everybody knows, means 
brotherhood. There is danger that this 
old Saxon w^ord, one of the most com- 
mon as well as the most sacred in our 
language, may come to lose its true 
meaning in this vast flood of secret orders 
now pouring in upon us, and all calling 
themselves "fraternal." A certain fine, 
moral instinct in the English speaking 
race has so far kept this word from being 
prostituted to base or ignoble uses. For 
instance, we speak of a gang of pirates, 
a band of thieves, but never of a brother- 



hood. The whole genius of our English 
tongue would be outraged by applying 
such a word to robbers and cut-throats. 
It is too lofty for even the plane of the 
money exchange. A union of business 
men for purposes of honorable trade may 
call themselves partners, but not broth- 
ers; a company, but not a fraternity. 
Then what earthly right have these se- 
cret benefit orders to call themselves 
"fraternal?" The word would be ridicu- 
lous if applied to an ordinary insurance 
company, but a brotherhood founded on 
the Almighty Dollar, and held together 
by an elaborate system of dues and as- 
sessments, is more than ridiculous — it is 
monstrous. 

WRONG TO LICENSE THEM. 

The State that charters such institu- 
tions not only makes herself a party in 
the robbery of her own children — she 
acts the role not of "the wise woman," 
who "buildeth her house," but of "the 
foolish woman" who "plucketh it down 
with her hands." The fathers of our na- 
tion reared the temple of our liberties on 
the basis of equal rights to all; under- 
mine that basis by substituting special 
privileges for some, and the temple falls. 
'Is it not granting class privileges of the 
most odious type when an open insur- 
ance company doing business in^ an 
honest way is made subject to all kinds 
o'f legal safeguards for the protection of 
its members, while the officers of a secret 
insurance lodge can manipulate the 
funds for their own profit and pleasure 
without any fear of governmiental inter- 
ference? Take the Maccabees, for in- 
stance, with its membership of 300,000. 
The by-laws (section no) vest in the Su- 
preme Tent, as it is called, "the power to 
decide as to the liability of all death 
claims or any other claims which a mem- 
ber, or the beneficiary of a member may 
have against it;" also that from its deci- 
sions, "which shall be final on every 
member and their beneficiaries,"^ there 
can be no possible appeal. In plain lan- 
guage, whether a benefit shall be paid or 
not "depends entirely on the will of the 
head officials, who are responsible to no- 
body but themselves. Fancy how such 
a by-law would read inserted into the 
constitution of any ordinary insurance 
company! The very language in which 
it is couched shows an intention on the 
part of the originators to safe-guard be- 



June, 1808. 



CHRLSTIAX CYNOSURE. 



39 



forehand any act of rascality they may 
-choose to commit, and give their victims 
no possible chance of redress. 

THEIR DISGRACEFUL INITIATIONS. 

I might speak of the ridiculous and 
•oiftentimes indecent initiations; the 
dances, the low comedy entertainments; 
the lowering of spirituality in the church- 
■es, and of public morals in the communi- 
ties where they abound. . But I desire 
particularly to call attention to their evil 
influence on the home. A recent num- 
ber of the Woman's Journal states that 
"many benevolent organizations, more 
or less after the patterns of Masonry, 
have been founded chiefly by American 
women, and to a less degree by Jewish 
women." To me such a statement is far 
more ominous of evil to the homes of our 
land than the most frightful bugbear that 
was ever conjured up by our anti-suff- 
rage friends. • It means that what the sa- 
loon has not dared to do, the lodge has 
not only dared to do, but done; and that 
is to bid for the support of the women, 
the wives and mothers of our land. We 
call the saloon the greatest enemy of the 
home, and God forbid that I should mini- 
mize its power to wreck and ruin; yet 
while the wife and mother keeps the in- 
ner citadel, broken-hearted it may be, yet 
never letting the sacred fire go out of 
which she is the heaven-appointed priest- 
ess, he can carry only the outer tfortifica- 
tions. Some of our noblest men and 
women have gone out from drunkards' 
homes, but they have never been and 
never will be the sons and daughters of 
lodge-going mothers. 

INSTILLING THE GAMBLING PRINCIPLE. 

I took Up a paper, which is the organ 
of one of these women's societies, "pat- 
terned after Masonry," the other day, 
and from what I saw I judged that about 
all its meetings were devoted to playing 
whist for prizes, thus instilling the spirit 
of gambling into unborn generations. 
Taking up another, suppers and dances 
seemed to be the order of the day, or 
rather the night. And yet these were 
highly "benevolent" organizations — I 
mean they professed to be — and benevo- 
lence is a word that always touches wom- 
an on the weak side of her nature. From 
Abigail in the Old Testament to Dorcas 
in the New; from that association of 
women in Jerusalem, formed to mitigate 
the sufferings of those condemned to the 



cross, and whose pitying hands are said 
to have sent the opiate to our Savior, 
which He refused to take, down to those 
in our own time, who are doing so much 
to lessen the tide of human woes, the 
charitable impulse has ever been pre- 
dominate in our sex. It is by originating 
these benevolent orders, "patterned a'lter 
Masonry," and thus taking advantage of 
"the gentle and tender nature of woman," 
which Masonic writers and speakers 
praise so fulsomely, that the lodge ser- 
pent thinks to coil its slimy folds about 
the very heart of the home. Thus cun- 
ningly Masonry has solved the problem 
of how to rope in the women and yet hold 
fast its precious secrets from their pro- 
fane eyes; how to pledge them to its sup- 
port, yet never admit them inside th'2 
tyled door — in short, how to eat its cake 
and keep it. 

PHOPHECY WHICH MAY BE FULFILLED. 

Over forty years ago Grand Master 
Lewis made a speech before the Grand 
Lodge of Massachusetts in which he ut- 
tered a singular prophecy which may 
yet be fulfilled. After alluding to the 
Morgan excitement, and what he calls 
"the insane fury of public opinion," 
which caused Freemasonry to be regard- 
ed as "an abomination;" w^hen "men who 
upheld and defended it were reviled and 
persecuted with a degree of violence 
which threatened to drive them from all 
posts erf honor and trust," he goes on to 
say : 

"But what do we now behold? Not 
merely the calm which is always sure to 
follow such like tempests; a season of 
cjuietude and indifference in which Free- 
masonry is treated as a defunct thing, 
and Freemasons are suffered to pursue 
their business or their pleasure without 
molestation; but we see a reacting tide 
sweeping over the country which is ex- 
alting secret societies into the highest 
degree of popular favor. If men would 
unite for charitable purposes; to feed the 
hungry, and clothe the naked, and pro- 
tect the orphan, they conceal their do- 
ings in secrecy, clothe themselves in col- 
lars and aprons, and call it Oddfellow- 
ship. If they would check the spread of 
intemperance and promote sobriety, they 
shut themselves out from the world, and 
cast the veil of secrecy over their pro- 
ceedings; put on a showy regalia, and 
call their places of meeting encamp- 



40 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



ments, and themselves the cadets or sons 
of temperance. But last of all, and more 
extraordinary than all, men who aim at 
revolutionizing the political parties of the 
country, and who therefore must move 
the masses, taking advantage of this state 
ctf popular feeling, associate in secret 
conclave, bind themselves by a secret 
oath not to reveal their doings, call their 
places of meeting lodges into which none 
can enter without a pass word, and sur- 
name themselves the Sons of Liberty. 

MAY GO DOWN IN REVOLUTION. 

"Such a state of things cannot long 
continue. There will surely be a reac- 
tion which may be both sudden and vio- 
lent. For such a change we must not 
only look but prepare. * * * Xhe 
popular indignation may not only rise to 
a degree which shall blind the public 
mind to any just discrimination between 
an ancient fraternity and societies of 
mushroom growth, but may charge upon 
Freemasonry the parentage of all secret 
associations. We may then be called, 
much sooner than we anticipate, to feel 
the fire wdiose flames raged so fiercely 
twenty-five years ago." 

Grand Master Lewis was a wise man 
in his day and generation. He saw clear- 
ly the danger that the ever multiplying 
spawn of secret societies might yet act as 
the progeny of the spider is said to do, 
and eat their own mother. More than a 
generation has passed and a flood of se- 
cret societies, such as even he never 
dreamed of, is deluging our land; yet the 
prophesied reaction has not set in. But 
it is coming. Masonry is being charged 
v^ith being the parent of all secret asso- 
ciations by every thinking man and wom- 
an who has studied the subject. ^ 

DANGER FROM THE MINOR ORDERS. 

But some people will say, ''The secrets* 
in these orders don't amount to anythini^. 
They have no horrid oaths, no blood- 
curdling penalties like Masonry." The 
alcohol in a glass of beer may not amount 
to mach, yet all temperance workers have 
found out that there is no deadlier foe to 
sobriety than that which lurks in the 
beer-cask. When a rattlesnake bites its 
victim the poison spreads through all the 
system, and I suppose may be somewhat 
diluted by the time it reaches the fingers 
and toes. So when the Masonic virus 
reaches the extremes of our body politic; 



when it takes in women and children,, 
and other classes tabooed by the Ma- 
sonic lodge, the poison may be some- 
what diluted, but it flows from the same 
black fountain, and the very fact that it 
has reached the extremities is the most 
alarming sign ctf all, for it shows that this, 
same body politic is permeated through 
and through with the poison, and must 
succumb if a^ antidote is not adminis- 
tered, and that speedily. 

PROHIBITION THE ONLY REMEDY. 

The only effectual antidote is prohibi- 
tion. Reformers on all lines are finding 
out how exasperatingly futile is the re- 
strictive policy. Prohibition will pro- 
hibit, but restriction won't restrict. AIL 
secret societies, whatever their object, or 
by whatever name they call themselves,, 
should be obliged to dispense with signs 
and grips and hold their meetings open- 
ly. They should be treated as contain- 
ing in their very secrecy prima facie evi- 
dence of danger present or future to the 
state. If insurance orders must exiril" k-t 
them be subject to the same rules which 
govern the regular insurance companies. 
This done, the evil would soon come to^ 
ran end. Prohibit the secrecy and the 
creature is deprived of his fangs. 

AN INEVITABLE CRISIS. 

Perhaps it will take some great crisis- 
or catastrophe to drive the lesson home 
to the nation's heart that with our hetero- 
geneous population, and all the elements 
of unrest that show the presence of in- 
ternal fires underneath, we do not well to 
tolerate the presence in our midst of this 
mother of intrigues, of conspiracies, of 
revolutions. 

But it may be said that the longer that 
day of judgment tarries which Grand 
Master Lewis prophesied nearly half a 
century ago, the more fearful when it 
comes. Already there is lightning on the 
horizon. Already the signs of His com- 
mg multiply as we stand on the thresh- 
old of another century. And to us is the 
mandate spoken clearer and more solemn 
than it ever sounded in the ears of any of 
the generations behind us. Watch! 



Bro. I. L. Buckwalter, of Lisbon, 
Iowa, has published in his local paper 
some strong points showing the danger- 
ous influence of the lodge upon the 
home. 



June. 1898. 



CHRISTIAiX CYNOSURE. 



41 



FRATERNAL INSURANCE. 



REV. O. T. LEE. 



Life insurance on the assessment plan 
is not new. We find this kind of insur- 
ance practiced in England in some of 
the so-called Friendly societies. But it 
seems that these Friendly societies did 
not lay so much stress on providing- 
large sums at death, but rather provide 
for members while living. A note- 
worthy characteristic of these societies 
was that they, as a rule, were not found- 
ed on scientific principles, and as a con- 
sequence but few met with prosperity. 
A 'writer in the beginning of this cen- 
tury speaks of the instability of Friendly 
societies as being universal. 

To-day, looking back upon the his- 
tory of assessment societies, we know 
that they are not founded on scientific 
principles, since hundreds of them have 
.succumbed to the inevitable — to disso- 
lution. The death mark is stamped on 
all fraternal assessment societies from 
their very origin. As to the level assess- 
ment system, this is so self-evident that 
even people with a moderate amount of 
mathematics can see it. But the matter 
ought to be ecjually self-evident as to 
the gradual or classified system of as- 
sessment. The only difference possible 
is that the latter may postpone the dis- 
solution of the society. Insurance com- 
missioners of several States in the Union 
are warning the people agamst the gi- 
gantic humbuggery of this century. 

The insurance commissioner of Min- 
nesota writes in his report of 1895, part 
2, page 217: "There is a demand for 
the enactment of a much more stringent 
law governing assessment, life, casualty 
and endowment companies in Minne- 
sota. The present laws are very loosely 
drawn; in fact, it is about as easy and 
cheap to incorporate an insurance com- 
pany upon the assessment plan in Min- 
nesota as it is to start a peanut-stand on 
.a street corner. And after it is started 
our State laws make no provisions what- 
ever for the creation by such companies 
of a reserve fund to pay losses and 
claims. Life companies on this plan are 
not recjuired to lay by a reserve to pro- 
tect the members as they grow older, 
and 'when the mortality increases the re- 
;sult is that the people are not protected. 



"^ "^'^ "^ It is not to the credit of the 
State that it allows the creation of com- 
panies aitd their continuance upon a 
plan whereby the father of a family pays 
a portion of his hard-earned wages, pos- 
sibly sometimes by almost depriving 
himself and family of the necessities of 
life, for the premium on a policy, which, 
when the dread messenger of death does 
come, proves to be either worthless or 
worth less than its face." 

The insurance commissioner of Mas- 
sachusetts wTites in his report for the 
year 1896: "While it may cause a little 
sacrifice of pride of opinion, the matter 
might as well be looked squarely in the 
face, and the Legislature be as-ked to ef- 
fectually put a stop to a plan which can 
no more meet its pretenses and will be 
just as sure to end in disappointment as 
did the famous endowment associations 
which finished their experiment in 1890. 
That the 'average-age new blood' theory 
is fallacious and valueless is further and 
graphically illustrated by the experience 
of the greater fraternals, which have 
gone on constantly from their inception 
increasing by greater and greater strides 
yearly in accessions to membership, but 
as steadily and constantly is the cost of 
their insurance creeping upward." 

Now such testimonies from men who 
ought to know whereof they speak 
might be multiplied ad infinitum, but it 
is not necessary. You can't get some- 
thing out of nothing. But that is just 
what these fraternal insurance societies 
are trying to do. They try to persuade 
themselves that by putting in a few dol- 
lars they will each and every one draw 
out again hundreds of dollars. By sad 
experience the great majority of the 
members of these associations find them- 
selves duped and gulled. They come 
out again with less money, but more ex- 
perience. 

North wood, la. 



If the object of the Maccabees is to 
banish the widows' anguish and wipe 
away the orphans' tears, "to pay $1,100 
for $30," to the distressed; to provide so 
that "when a man should be playing on 
a golden harp his weeping widow should 
not be playing on the washboard;" if, I 
say, the object oif this society is to dry 
up tears, will friend Lawry, with seven 
letters after his name, tell whv in the. 



42 



OHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



light of all reason they should make such 
supreme laws? Does he think that these 
nice, tender-hearted men, who only re- 
ceive $6 per day and 6 cents per mile, 
when they travel to vote their own salar- 
ies, will so love the widow and orphans 
of all the dying Maccabees that they will 
give them $i,ioo for $30?— Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard. 



FACTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 



BY W. B. DENTON, 



John Hanlen applied for membership 
in a fraternal insurance order, but was 
rejected, simply because he had not been 
vaccinated, and it cost him $2.50 to have 
the physician tell him so. 



In a certain town in Kansas a man was 
taken sick and the lodge to which he be- 
longed employed a nurse to wait on him. 
The member died, and a bill for the ser- 
vices of the nurse was presented to the 
widow, and she paid it. This is an ex- 
ample of lodge charity hired and paid for. 
If a rich man was sick and a neighbor 
with onl}^ common humanity should ren- 
der him attention and relief and then pre- 
sent a bill for it to his estate he would be 
justly condemned by the community. 



The A. O. U, W., the largest assess- 
ment order in the world, has a member- 
ship of over 341,000, and outstanding in- 
surance of over $700,000,000. They are 
proposing plans to reorganize because of 
growing complaints about their raise of 
rates, which has been going on for years. 
The new rates involve a doubling of the 
old. Meetings have been held in many 
places to voice the protest of members 
of the order against the increased as.sess- 
ments of the order. 



It is said there are three ways of get- 
ting money : to inherit it, to work for it, 
and to steal it. Then there is a compro- 
mise method of getting money under 
false pretenses. It is when your lodge 
unconditionally promises if you pay your 
dues and assessments to pay your heirs 
at your death $2,000 without a dollar in 
sight to do it with. The members are 
not legal security, for they can quit pay- 
ing assessments any time, and the order 
has no recourse upon them. Here the 



lodge has obtained your money under 
false pretenses. 



Two years ago the Modern Woodmen 
promised to give their members a $i,ooo. 
policy for $170. Counting the average 
life of man 34 years, and paying the pres- 
ent rate of about $5 a year, that is cer- 
tainly a splendid business. A grocerv 
man who would sell 100 pounds ai sugar 
for $1 would undoubtedly, for some time,, 
do a rousing business, but the end of 
that business would be a closing-up 
scene. This must be the end of fraternal 
insurance societies. They are doomed to- 
die. 



Probably not i per cent, of insured, 
houses burn; then a fire insurance com- 
pany could safely insure for the one hun- 
dredth part off the value of the property,. 
You would be foolish to insure a house 
that was worth $2,000 for from $25 to^ 
$300 if it was sure as death that the house 
would burn. If all insured property 
would be destroyed the cost of insurance 
could not be less than the full value of 
the property. Then since we must all die, 
if you pay less than the face of your cer- 
'tificate, the difiference between what you 
pay and what you get is what some one 
has lost or will lose. 



In the November Workman a man; 
tells about his narrow escape from death 
by typhoid fever. He said he felt a grati- 
fication that should he die the certificate 
which he held in the A. O. U, W, for but 
little more than a year would be the same 
as $2,000 in the hands of his little mother- 
less boy. He paid perhaps $20, for which 
his boy would have received $2,000. It 
is natural for a boy to follow the example 
of his father. When he had learned that 
his father had gone into something and 
got $100 for $1 he would likely have turn- 
ed to some questionable speculation. It 
is better to give a boy a good character 
than money. 



Hopkinton, Iowa, recently had a Mod- 
ern Woodmen banquet, with an extensive 
program, consisting of prayer by Rev. 
Mackintosh, address of w^elcome by Rev. 
Staebler, a male quartette, "spicy speech" 
from Prof. Hunt, solos by Messrs. Lord 
and Merrill and. Miss Alice Campbell. 
It was stated that the order was one of 



June, 1808. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



43 



the largest and cheapest insurance or- 
ders, the rate for last year upon $i,ooo 
being only $4. Does not this beat the 
Havana Lottery of past years? But the 
only way to get your $1,000 for $4 is to 
leave this world. Then will it be a pleas- 
ant reflection on the other shore to have 
secured $1,000 for an equivalent of only 

$4? 



A man from the West reports that his 
insurance order has increased 174 per 
-cent, in two years ; that the average policy 
was $2,109, ^^^ t^^^ average amount paid 
by deceased members was $12.15. He 
continues: "But I need no prophet to 
tell me that there is a day of judgment, 
when the desirable risks will be flocking 
to orders now unborn just as they are 
flocking into the younger orders to-day." 
Thus their "special object is to help 
•others" twelve dollars and fifty cents 
worth, and themselves to the amount of 
$2,109. Then when they find they may 
not get much more than they give they 
are ready to jump their contract. 



In Blackwell, O. T., lived a lady hav- 
ing three dependent children. A smooth- 
tongued insurance agent persuaded her 
that she ought to take a $3,000 policy and 
leave $1,000 to each of her children. He 
knew better than she did, that she could 
not long carry it. After paying $116 she 
lapsed, and not long after did not have 
the means to buy necessary fuel. That 
$116 might have purchased one of the 
rounded steps leading up to that magnifi- 
cent insurance building on the corner. 
It might have gone to make up the presi- 
dent's salary, or it might have helped to 
swell a rich man's legacy. This is but 
one of probably thousands of similar 
cases. 



An old man in Winfield, Kan., after 
worrying for years to meet the payments 
•of heavy premiums, died. The doctor 
thought this caused his death. A life to 
beat a life insurance company is a poor 
investment. What is the difference be- 
tween lying, life insurance, luck and lot-- 
tery? Just a little difference in the process 
of reaching the same end; namely, to get 
somebody's money without giving a re- 
compense. Sometimes when men get 
money that way it is called stealing. I 
believe God is no more a respecter of 



names and terms than he is of persons. 
The Havana lottery was suppressed by 
law. Life insurance grows by Christian 
patronage. 



®ur f timjio0ium. 



SECRET INSURANCE SOCIETIES. 



Mrs. Priscilla Stevens, Winfield, Kan. 
— Seven years ago last August I lost my 
husband, A. H. Stevens, by death. He 
was a member of the A. O. U. W., and 
and of the Modern W^oodmen, and the 
sum of $4,000 was given to us. This 
money has been a source of great worry 
and vexation to me. Though I was left 
poor, with four small children, I am sure 
I would have been much happier without 
it. I have always felt that it did not be- 
long to me, and it has robbed me of a 
comforting Christian experience. Had I 
the ability I would like to spend the re- 
mainder of my life lecturing against se- 
cret insurance. 



Rev. O. T. Lee, Northwood, Iowa — 
Our local paper advertised in 1897 that 
the initiation !fee into the A. O. U. W. 
lodge of this town has been cut in two 
for a certain time, in order to get new 
members. This act undoubtedly points 
to the fact that the death struggle has 
commenced, and that the order is trying 
to avert the fatal moment by obtaining 
new blood, in hanging out this bait. 
Each member hopes that the order may 
live to pay back the money he has taken 
away from the support of his family. But 
this and allied fraternal institutions are 
built on sand and it is only a question of 
time when the collapse will come. Some 
must surely get left. History tells us so, 
and common sense says amen. In the 
name of protection many rob their wives 
and children of necessary support. In 
the name of protection many stay away 
from their families and spend their time 
in lodge rooms. What fools these mor- 
tals are. 



The American Tyler, which styles itself 
the leading paper of the craft in America, 
says: If there be a voluntary slavery 
in this world ai intelligent thought and 
action, it is found in the man whose 



44 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



mental capital is embraced in the desire 
to hold membership in a number of fra- 
ternities, all good, we admit, but all com- 
bining to make the man ''society poor," 
both in the money expended and in the 
time wasted in giving anything like prop- 
er attention to his society duties. There 
are sober, industrious men in this city 
to-day Avhose families are debarred from 
many social pleasures, and even home 
comforts, because the "head" has made 
himself "society poor." He makes a he- 
roic effort to keep up his payments, but 
every dollar is spent before it is earned, 
and he stands on the "ragged edge" all 
the time. The money that he should 
have deposited in the bank is given to 
keep up dues and assessments, and he 
lives and dies from the hand to the 
mouth. 



Rev, B. Carradine, D. D. — I believe 
that I speak the sentiment of tens of thou- 
sands of wives to-day, when I say that 
they would ifar rather have the company 
of their husbands at home than the in- 
surance policy at the end of their lives if 
they have to choose between. Ask them 
now, ask them anywhere, which will you 
have, the love and presence of your hus- 
band or the policy of $2,000 or $3,000? 
and the answer would roll like a tidal 
wave from every true-hearted woman: 
"Give me my husband; let me have 
his love and old-time devotion, and let 
the money go." Why, for a woman 
to feel otherwise would be to trans- 
form her into a Judas. Recently there 
visited my study a lady of most pre- 
possessing appearance. She told me her 
life had been desolated. Her husband 
was absent Monday, Tuesday, Wednes- 
day and Thursday nights until 12 and i 
o'clock. Then one night she, with a 
burst of grief, said to him: "My husband, 
suppose I would stay from you this late 
every night — how long would you live 
with me?' And he folded his arms, look- 
ed into her face a second, and replied: 
"Just about five minutes, madam!" And 
yet, what he would not endure he expects 
a woman to stand. The idea utterly es- 
capes the man that there is any sufifering 
upon the female side. 



little and getting back much. Whether 
it be honest or righteous has little to do 
with the case, if it only promise two dol- 
lars in return for one invested. How 
many new secret mutual insurance asso- 
ciations are put into successful operation 
on this plan! The dictionary is almost 
exhausted to find names ifor them, and 
language becomes prematurely sterile in 
the effort to produce titles of dignity for 
the of^cers of these swarming fraterni- 
ties. * * * Notwithstanding that so- 
many comparatively strong companies of 
this character have gone to the wall, and 
although the prospect is that the next ten 
years will drive the last of them into 
bankruptcy, yet almost every season wit- 
nesses the birth of some grand new 
brotherhood with catching name and. 
catching terms of insurance, at which 
swarms of gullible people bite as eagerly 
as the swarming trout of Yellowstone 
Lake bite at the cheap artificial fly. There 
is a sharp-pointed and barbed hook just 
under the sham fly. But if one talk in 
this style they fly mad, and say you are- 
the paid agent of some stock insurance 
company. The writer has for years doubt- 
ed the righteousness of the entire life in- 
surance business. He got bitten or hook- 
ed twice, which may, in part, account for 
his present tenderness of conscience, but 
that is another story. 



Rev. D. H. Coulter, D. D.— Multitudes 
of people are captivated with any scheme 
founded on the principle of paying out 



M. N. Butler, Kansas City — Governor 
Stone and the Kansas City Star call loud- 
ly on the Legislature of Missouri to take 
prompt and vigorous action to protect 
the community against these irrespon- 
sible, cheap-John fraternities that are 
"swindling" thousands of apparently intel- 
ligent citizens out of their earnings. The 
"Fraternal Aids," "Knights and Ladies, 
of Security," "A. O. U. W.," "Modern 
Woodmen" and their ilk are taking in the 
suckers by the regiment and the brigade. 
It is a serious matter, and again Missouri 
is in the lead in a crusade that other 
States should join in at once. These 
"miserable humbugs" have stood in the 
way of the anti-secrecy reform and have 
given the Masons and Oddfellows a tem- 
porary boom, but the reaction sure ta 
follow will prove a boomerang. A burn- 
ed child is afraid of the fire, and when 
these little confidence machines do col- 
lapse, they will make lots of anti-Masons.. 
How can any truly pious Christian worn- 



June, 1S9S. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



45 



an get down on her knees and thank the 
Lord God Almighty for a rainfah of two 
thousand dollars when her husband dies, 
when she knows as well as that she lives 
that this money represents the miserable 
scrimpings and hard earnings of perhaps 
twenty poor families for years? * =*= ^ 
Thousands of ministers and good church 
people are upholding oath-bound pagan- 
ism and despotism, because of "lodge in- 
surance." They are pitting their souls 
against a bogus insurance policy. They 
must die to beat the game, and when they 
are dead their souls are lost. Strange 
that Governors and Legislatures must 
step in between these swindlers while 
professed Christians are joining and abet- 
ting the humbugging orders. 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard— The following 
case illustrates a certain form of so-called 
insurance which many seek when uniting 
with certain orders, its advantages and 
disadvantages. 

A prosperous merchant in the city of 
Baltimore was invited to become a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias. He was 
told that assistance would be given him 
should be need it when traveling. He 
declined with the remark that as long as 
he had money he would likely be able to 
help himself, and if he had none he would 
not expect much from the lodge. His 
foreman and some employes, however, 
united. Time passed and a man called 
and inquired for the foreman. When 
gone the merchant asked: 

"What did that man want?" 

The foreman replied that he was a 
brother Knight of Pythias; that he was 
traveling, ran short of money and came 
for assistance. 

The merchant then asked if assistance 
was given. 

"Certainly," replied the foreman. "All 
the members of the lodge in your employ 
contributed. This is a practical illustra- 
tion of what our lodge does. This man 
came to us with a card showing that he 
was in good standing, and we gave him 
money, of course." 

The noon hour came; the merchant 
and foreman went for dinner, and whom 
should they see but the lodge brother 
hanging to a lamp post. He had reeled 
out of the saloon too drunk to travel 
alone. The merchant said to the fore- 
man: 



"There's your brother, he's traveling; 
you had better go and help him." 

Query — Did the foreman, in joining 
the lodge, place himself in a position 
where he was likely to receive help or 
help any one else? 



The "Select Friend," the ofHcial organ 
of the O. S. F., in the August number o'i 
1895, says: "It is self-evident to every 
member of the order who has given the 
subject any thought that a constant ac- 
cession to our numbers is desirable, not 
only to keep down assessments but that 
it is absolutely necessary to our exist- 
ence." In some cases deputies have been 
paid $4 each to get new members. They 
go out blinded by a dollar over one eye, 
and protection over the other, to lead 
unsuspecting people into the ditch. 

Suppose a dozen boys are playing mar- 
bles. One shrewd little chap named Jack 
Fox says to the others: "If you will give 
me three marbles apiece, I will give each 
one of you back twelve." They laugh at 
him and say it can't be done, but he says 
it can, and begs them just to try it. They 
finally consent. Then Jack wants one 
marble from each for his trouble, which 
they also give him. He then numbers 
the boys, and No. i is to come for his 
marbles the next Monday morning: No. 
2 is to come for his on the following Mon- 
day morning, and so on. Monday morn- 
ing comes, and No. i gets the twelve 
marbles, and tells the other boys of his 
good fortune. Jack then goes out to get 
other boys into the scheme. He tells 
them that No. i was a poor boy who had 
but five marbles at first, and now he has 
thirteen. Some of the boys tell him that 
they don't want any marbles in that way, 
but he gets the majority of the boys in 
the neighborhood. When he has se- 
cured all he can tHe deposit of marbles is 
soon exhausted. The first boy wdio fails 
to get his twelve tells it all around, and 
the news creates a panic. The next day 
thirty-nine boys, with three dogs, go to 
Jack's house and demand their marbles, 
but he calmly tells them that a failure to 
secure young blood caused a suspension 
of payments. 



The July number of the Cynosure will 
have a portrait and sketch of the late 
Wm. C. Bissell, of Humboldt, Nebraska. 
He was one of the world's best men. 



46 



CHRISTIAN CYXOSURCE. 



June, 1898. 



€DttoriaL 



NEWS AND OTHER COMMUNICAI IONS 



Xews relating to lodge or anti-lodge 
matters is always desired whether in the 
form of type or in personal letters to the 
editor. Signatures will be treated confi- 
dentially where this is requested, but 
should never be withheld. All contrib- 
utors df matter for The Cynosure will 
confer a favor by condensing so far as 
they are able, thus saving editorial revi- 
sion and increasing the possibiHty of its 
being used in full in spite of the crowded 
condition of our limited space. 



A RATHER FRANK ADMISSION, 



Willimantic, Conn., is a good-sized 
factory village with a city charter. Of 
course, it is cut up into various secret 
clans, like other places of its class. One 
o^ its newspapers, the Chronicle, had a 
secret society column in which the fol- 
lowing extract appeared some time ago. 

''Masonry, to the serious student, is a 
-system of philosophy so deep and so 
broad as to embrace within its limits the 
fundamental principles of all religious 
thought. It is for this reason that per- 
sons of every shade of religious opinion 
are to be found within its portals. Pagan 
and Christian, Greek and Jew, all meet 
upon the level of Masonry under the 
'blazing star' of Masonic light." That is 
not anti-Masonic accusation, but Ma- 
sonic admission. Masonry is here 
charged with bringing Christians to a 
level with Pagans. The writer seems al- 
most to venture to charge Christianity 
itself with becoming thus leveled with 
Paganism. 



A BAPTIST LEADER. 



D wight Ives, D. D., was for many 
years one of the most prominent Baptist 
pastors in Connecticut. The large church 
of which he was pastor met in the edifice 
opposite the well-known Connecticut 
Literary Institution. Here many who 
have since followed him in the ranks of 
the ministry listened in their student days 
to this well-known preacher. He was 
pastor of that church more than thirty- 



four years. A memorial sermon was 
preached in Dr. Ives' former pulpit by 
Rev. C. B. Crane, D. D., of Hartford. 
In this discourse Dr. Crane said: "His 
constant testimony against the practice 
of professed Christians connecting them- 
selves with voluntary secret associations, 
against the sin of slavery, and against the 
late secession and rebellion of the South- 
ern States of our republic, required no 
ordinary moral courage." What would 
Dr. Ives and Dr. Crane have thought of 
the Hartford Lodge doings, so unworthy 
of ordinary citizenship and so contrary 
to the Connecticut voters' oath, in expell- 
ing Dr. Jackson for no other crime than 
testifying against a brother Mason in a 
civil court when required to do so by the 
State? 



PROFANITY. 



It is not the words used, but the use 
of the w^ords, that constitutes profanity. 
The same word impresses us with the 
reverential mood of the speaker in prayer, 
and with his profane rashness in swear- 
ing. Profanity is a matter of circum- 
stances, relations, and connections. As- 
sociated with one word a name is re- 
vered, connected with another word it is 
profaned. The same effect results in 
some degree from variety of time and 
place. Tried by such a test. Masonic 
oaths are profane. While more formal 
than careless street swearing, and for 
that reason not at once classified as pro- 
fane, they will be found on examination 
to incorporate the essential element of 
profanity. This is easily tested by analyz- 
ing one of the oaths, for example one of 
the earliest taken by the candidate, the 
Fellowcraft oath. After promising obe- 
dience and so on, the candidate puts him- 
self under a penalty which involves hav- 
ing his breast torn open and his heart 
taken out. 

If this has any meaning it is out- 
rageous language, foreign to civilization. 
If it means nothing, it is unseemly tri- 
fling. We are not contending, primarily, 
here, for either interpretation. However 
it may be understood, it is not the sort of 
language that befits anything fine or ex- 
alted in the persons who utter it or in the 
connection in which it is spoken. At 
best it is too low for anything but a lodge 
or bar room, or some such place. To 



June, 1898. 



CHRISTIA,N CYXOSUiRE. 



47 



call upon God in connection with that 
kind of talk is a peculiarly flagrant case 
of profanity. 



WOULD IT PROTECT? 



A writer for a ceform paper says: 
White Ribboners and Freemasons have 
different vows of chastity. The white 
ribbon vow coincides with Christian mor- 
ality, which demands purity in thought, 
word and deed, toward all persons and 
under all circumstances. The Masonic 
vow does not demand this ultimate purity 
anywhere. It afifects a man's relations to 
no one outside Masonic connections. 
Even then, none related merely to Ma- 
sons of the first two degrees are included. 
When, at last, we reach the four persons 
surrounding a Master Mason — his moth- 
er, sister, wife and daughter — we are lim- 
ited only in the one particular that we 
must not "violate the chastity" of these 
few persons. We may approach it as 
nearly as we please with them, and reach 
it as oiften as we please with the far great- 
er number besides. There is a great dif- 
ference between wearing a white apron 
and a white ribbon. 

To match the obligation of the Master 
Mason respecting women known to be 
near relatives of Master Masons, the fem- 
inine side-show, or ''adoptive" annex, 
should have a vow for the women, to in- 
sure their being as good as the men. It 
would read about as follows: 'T further- 
more promise and swear that I will not 
commit adultery with the husband, 
brother, father or son of a sister of this 
degree, I knowing him to be such." 
There is no knowing what this world 
may come to if Adoptive Masonry neg- 
lects this safeguard of female virtue. 



HOW TO STUDY MASONRY. 



There is a common notion that Ma- 
sonry cannot be studied outside the lodge. 
This is as great an error as the kindred 
one that all who enter the lodge under- 
stand Masonry. Knowledge and ignor- 
ance exist both outside and inside. The 
selection of matter to study is not e"asy 
to one who has no knowledge of the sub- 
ject. What to read first, and what to read 
for certain purposes, are important ques- 
tions. All literature pertaining to Free- 
masonry is not of equal value. 



Finney on Masonry would be a good 
book for a Christian, to whom the anti- 
Christian character of Masonry would 
seem important. It was written by one 
who had been a more than ordinarily 
thorough Mason. When he wrote the 
book, the author was a godly man and an 
eminent preacher. He was also a col- 
lege president and an able writer. Thus 
he combined rare qualifications, proofs 
of which are abundantly shown in this 
powerful book. 

To a patriot or an honorable member 
of civilized society, also, this book has an 
errand, but there is another which can 
be used by him. It was written by a Har- 
vard College lecturer on Rhetoric, and is 
of value as literature. The author was 
also a member of Congress, foreign min- 
ister. Secretary of State and President. 
He had been lawyer, legislator and chief 
executive. He knew what he was say- 
ing when he declared Masonic law and 
American law incompatible and irrecon- 
cilable. 

So tar as mere exposures are concern- 
ed, it is not necessary to read much be- 
sides Doesburg's "Freemasonry Illus- 
trated," covering the first three degrees. 
This exposes the Blue Lodge, which is. 
the essential Masonry. It is desirable to 
find, somewhere, the Royal Arch obliga- 
tion, and the Knights' Fifth Libation, for 
these are of interest respectively to a citi- 
zen and a Christian. For a detailed ac- 
count of the religion of Freemasonry as 
related to ancient paganism, "The j\Ias- 
ter's Carpet," by Edmund Ronayne, is 
the best book. After these one can read, 
if he desires, various books and tracts^ 
but he will be well informed without 
them. "The Broken Seal" is a well-writ- 
ten account of the Morgan abduction. 
Its author was Morgan's neighbor and 
a member of the same lodge. It tells the 
story of Morgan and Miller and of Mor- 
gan's family, in a way to give the reader 
not only a view of tliose times but also 
a glimpse of the natural character and 
effects still observable in the Masonic 
system and body. 

Of tracts and pamphlets there are sev- 
eral that can be recommended. Joseph 
Cook's "Unlawful 'Oaths," "Carradine's 
St. Louis Sermon," and "INIinisters at 
Rival Altars" are among them. These 
suggestions have been written after some 
experience and observation of the need of 



4S 



CHRISTIAN CYNOiSURE. 



June, 1S9S. 



better guidance than is usually enjoyed. 
It is not full and inclusive, but it is meant 
to be a sufficient index of what a besrin- 
ner may read first, in order to master the 
facts without wasting money or time. 



@itr iue$ttou 3xamt. 

If you do not sec what you ivaiit ask for it. 

Question — Has it not been claimed 
that Oliver Cromwell was a Free Mason, 
and is there any foundation for the 
claim?— C. H. 

Answer — Yes; Abbe Larudan in 1746 
published at Amsterdam a book in which 
he advanced the theory that Cromwell 
founded the order of Freemasonry to 
further his political designs. But Dr. 
Mackey says: "This theory of the ori- 
gin of Freemasonry finds no support 
either in the legends of the institution or 
in the authentic history that is connected 
with its rise and progress." 



Questiooi — What are the unnamed de- 
grees represented above the Royal Arch 
on the Masonic chart in the Cynosure? 
—J. W. D. 

Answer — All Masonic authors give at 
least two female degrees above the Royal 
Arch: First, the Good Samaritan, a side 
degree conferred only on Royal Arch 
Masons and their wives; and, second, 
the Heroines of Jericho, a degree con- 
ferred in America on Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, their wives and daughters. Some 
authors mention a third degree, the Ma- 
son's Daughter. 



Question — Do you think the ordinary 
minister who unites with the lodge 
knows that he is going into a system of 
false worship? — R. W. 

Answer — No; and it is our business 
to warn him of the danger, and if we do 
not the blood of the perishing will be re- 
quired at the watchman's hand. 



Question — Why cannot a Christian 
chaplain insist on his right in the Ma- 
sonic lodge to pray in the name of 
Jesus by appealing to the first of the 
'Three Lights, the Holy Bible as a rule 
and guide," pointing out his "whole 
dutv" in prayer, as in everything else? — 
J. W. 



Answer — He cannot thus pray because 
it is not the Christian's Bible on which 
he is sworn, but the Masonic rewision of 
it, in which the name of its great central 
light and authority, that of the Lord 
Jesus, is stricken out, thus denuding it 
of its Christian feature as the Book of 
Books. 



Question — Do the Masons reject 
Christ from all their degrees? — M. S. T. 

Answer — Yes; His name is used in 
what is known as the Knights Templar, 
or a side degree of the American or 
York rite. It is profanely used as the 
swearer uses it, and thus cannot bring 
God's blessing, but His curse. 



Question — My husband died two 
years ago in Nebraska. He was insured 
in a secret so'ciety for $2,000, which 
amount was paid me soon after his 
death. It would require more of your 
reasoning than I have read so far to con- 
vince me that this was not a benefit to me 
and my three fatherless children thus 
left alone in the world. — M. J. D. 

Answer — In reply we will only refer 
you to the testimony of Mrs. Priscilla 
Stevens, in the S3^mposium of this num- 
ber. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS' REPORT. 



FOR THE YEAR MAY lO, 1897, TO MAY 12, 



Fathers and Brethren: 

Another year — the thirtieth in the his- 
tory of this association — has not been 
without evidences of God's guiding 
hand in the work intrusted to the Board 
of Directors. The present report being 
more especially the record of business 
will be supplemented by the reports of the 
general secretary and treasurer, and also 
by the reports of the agents in the vari- 
ous districts. The board at the begin- 
ning of the year was constituted of the 
following gentlemen: T. B. Arnold, 
Chicago; C. A. Blanchard, Wheaton; E. 
A. Cook, Chicago; J. A. Collins, Chi- 
cago; W. O. Dinius, Chicago; J. M. 
Hitchcock, Chicago; C. J. Holmes, Chi- 
cago; FI. F. Kletzing, Naperville, 111.; 
P. W. Raidabaugh, Chicago; Elliot 
Whipple, Wheaton, Ilk; E. B. Wylie, 
Chicago. 



June, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



49 



Dr. J. A. Collins served as chairman 
of the board and E. B. Wylie as secre- 
tary. Ezra A. Cook, Esq., who was a 
member of the charter board of trustees 
thirty years ago, has presided in the ab- 
sence O'f the chairman, and has been a 
court of final appeal on all questions of 
early usages in the great work of the as- 
sociation. Prof. Elliot Whipple, Prof. 
H. A. Fisher and J. M. Hitchcock, Esq., 
have served as the committee on finances 
and auditing of accounts. The commit- 
tee on buildings and other real estate 
was as follows: W. I. Phillips, W. B. 
Stoddard, E. A. Cook, and C. J. Holmes. 
Our publications have been superintend- 
ed by the following brethren: P. W. 
Raidabaugh, E, A. Cook, M. A. Gault, 
T. B. Arnold, and W. I. Phillips. The 
field work and convention committee 
consisted of the finance committee to- 
gether with W. O. Dinius and Dr. J. A. 
Collins. 

Besides frequent meetings of the vari- 
ous committees, the board have met as 
follows: May lo, July i6 and 17, Nov. 
6, 1897, and Feb. 14, March 26, April 30, 
1898. These meetings have been fully 
attended and have been marked by great 
devotion to the distinctive w^ork of the 
association. In trying hours the spirit 
of prayer has made a united appeal to 
God for wisdom a frequent occurrence. 
Nor 'would we fail to record the fact that 
our appeals have been regarded by Him 
who hears the prayers of His children. 
In the double task of conserving the 
property of the association and forward- 
ing the work afield we have had the con- 
scious blessing of God's presence and 
help. Notwithstanding the continued 
straitened financial conditions the faith- 
ful endeavors of our general secretary 
have secured several bequests to the en- 
dowment funds, which ultimately will be 
available in the work before us. As to 
the work in the various districts our 
readers and constituents are referred to 
the annual reports of the agents. It is 
our conviction that faithful, heroic and 
effective work has been done all along 
the line of the reform. 

The New England workers have been 
especially blessed in enlisting in their tes- 
timony against secret societies some of 
the foremost Christian workers of that 
section. Brother W. B. Stoddard has 
maintained his usual success in planning 



several conventions in which men of the 
best renown in their respective churches 
have participated. Brothers William 
Fenton and P. B. Williams have done 
self-denying service. Though afflicted 
with illness and having but meagre finan- 
cial support. Brother Williams has press- 
ed forward with his characteristic faith 
and courage. 

It is a matter of sore regret to the 
board that the necessary reduction in the 
size and frequency of issue of the Cyno- 
sure magazine has made it impossible to 
give a full publication of the work done 
by the agents. We are sure that the 
friends of the association will understand 
that the work going forward has not suf- 
fered the retrenchment which it seemed 
w'ise to make in the size and cost of our 
publications. The desire is general, and 
none feel it more keenly than the board 
that an immediate return to an ample 
publication of the anti-secret reform be 
made so soon as the funds warrant it. If 
any have regarded the reduction made in 
our official organ as permanent or as in- 
dicating a failure on the part of the board 
to grasp the main chance in the great 
work of the reform, we would hasten to 
say that scarcely a meeting of commit- 
tees of the board as a whole has occurred 
without evidence of the first concern of 
all, viz.: how to improve the means of 
communication with the reading public. 

We would suggest to the friends that 
by increasing the circulation of the pres- 
ent magazin/e and by contribution and by 
prayer we unitedly seek to enable the as- 
sociation to issue a more adequate peri- 
odical. We are especially desirous that 
an intelligent patience should character- 
ize our friends in view of these necessary 
reductions of expenses which we all. hope 
and believe to be only temporary. 

In our mention- of the servants of the 
association we cannot overlook our gen- 
eral secretary, Phillips, and our editor of 
the Cynosure Magazine, M. A. Gault. 
What we shall say of them will have a 
tendency to throw light on what was said 
about our publications. Without con- 
sultation with them we record here that 
their faithful labor during the year has 
been highly creditable to "them both. By 
advice of the board and their hearty con- 
sent they have divided their time and en- 
ergies between office and field work: in 
other words, they have attempted four 



50 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



men's work for which they have received 
one man's pay. Or, to be more accurate, 
they have received not quite fifty-one 
per cent, of their stated salaries, which 
are $1,200 and $1,000 respectively. Here 
is the vital connection with the reduction 
of cost in publications. The salary list 
of the association 'has from the first been 
based on the principles of strictest econ- 
omy in favor of the work at large, but in 
the history of this year there is a step in 
advance of any previous experience, 
when our brothers allow all other oMi- 
gations to be met, and content them- 
selves with the remainder. This is an in- 
stance of what is more comnion among 
the brethren at the front than is general- 
ly kno'wn. We give this glimpse believ- 
ing that our constituency should know 
of the economy practiced at the head- 
quarters of our work, and confident that 
it will not fail in its effect on the hearts 
of all who are blessed with this world's 
goods. 

In closing we would say that there has 
never been more buoyant confidence 
among the trusted inner circle of this 
great army of anti-secretists than has 
been manifested during the past year. 
As a member of the board remarked dur- 
ing a certain conference: ''The walls are 
falling on every side, God leads and is 
winning the battle while we fight." It 
will be observed that when retrench- 
ments in our own work were unavoida- 
ble many church papers have during the 
year spoken with clearness on the un- 
christian character of secret societies. 
Leading pastors and evangelists have 
given testimony on important occasions 
during the year. The pulpit and press 
and platform are regaining the liberty of 
the pQst-Morgan times. There is much 
to be done still, but the remark of our 
brother is eminently true. We are con- 
fident that the influence of the lodges 
with the best Christians is fast diminish- 
ing, and that no year since the memora- 
ble years foHowing the murder of Will- 
iam Morgan has witnessed so large a de- 
crease in lodge membership. 

With grateful acknowledgement to 
God, and thankfulness toward all who 
love His cause and labor with us, we re- 
main in Christian fellowship, 

The Board of Directors, 

Rev. J. A. Collins, D. D., Chairman. 

Edgar B. Wylie, Secretary. 



Ietti0 of ®ur Pori 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard addressed several 
large audiences on Sabbath, May 8, at 
Berne, Ind., on his way to the annual 



The editor is addressing meetings the 
last two weeks of May in Pensylvania, on 
his way to attend the annual Synod of 
the Reformed Presbyterian Church at 
Walton, N. Y. 

The opening session, Monday even- 
ing. May 16, of the State Congregational 
Association in Dr. Nobel's church in this 
city was given to addresses by college 
presidents. It was opened with an ad- 
dress by President Blanchard in which 
he gave a strong argument against se- 
cret siocieties. 



President C. A. Blanchard preached a 
strong sermon on Sabbath, May 15, in 
the W'heaton College Chapel, on the 
lodge as a rival -of the church. The hour 
for evening service was devoted to testi- 
monies from seceders from lodges, and 
was full of deep interest. Those who^ 
testified were: Col. Taylor, of Montana; 
Mr. Uhl,'of Chicago; Evangelist B.. 
Loveless, Prof. Greenwood, Deacon 
Sutclifife, Rev. W. C. Mulnix, and Dea- 
con Kimball, of Wheaton. 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard preached twice 
in the Seventh U. P. Church, Chicago, 
on Sabbath, May 8. On the following 
Sabbath Editor Gault occupied the same 
pulpit morning and evening. On Sab- 
bath, M'ay I, he assisted Rev. J. M. 
Wylie in communion services in the Chi- 
cago R. P. Mission. 



Thursday, May 12th, the day of our 
annual meeting and the thirtieth anni- 
versary of the anti-secret movement, was 
full of interest to the many friends who 
were present during the three sessions of 
the convention. The brightness of the 
day, the number of old-time friends who 
gathered at the business meeting in Car- 
penter Hall, the large audiences present 
during the afternoon and evening ses- 
sions in the Moody Church, the inter- 
esting addresses, papers and discussions, 
and especially the large number of tes- 



June. 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



51 



timonies from seceding INIasons — all 
combined to make this one of the most 
interesting conventions in the history of 
the movement. 



The presence of Bishop Wm. Dillon, 
D. D., editor of the Christian Conserva- 
tor, Huntington, Ind., added much to the 
interest of the meeting. He gave an ef- 
fective address during the afternoon ses- 
sion. 

Prof. E. F. Bartholmomew, D. D., of 
the Augustana Theological Seminary, 
Rock Island; Rev. J. B. Galloway, of 
Poynette, Wis.: Evangelist ^IcDonald, 
of the Salvation Army; and Rev. J. C. 
Brodfuhrer. D. D., of Chicago, were 
among those who cheered us with their 
presence at the annual meeting. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard led in the devo- 
tional exercises at the evening session. 
He and Rev. T. 'M. Chalmers spoke ear- 
nestly and effectively during the discus- 
sions of the afternoon. Among others 
who participated in the discussions were: 
Rev. J. W. Fifield. Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 
Bishop Dillon, and Col. Taylor, of ]\Ion- 
tana. Bishop Dillon aptly illustrated 
how men were blinded and duped into 
the lodge by a mule that refused to be 
led up a tramway until he had been 
"blindfolded and circti'mambulated. 



Dr. Schofield, pastor of the ]\Ioody 
Church at Xorthfield, Conn., who is oc- 
cupying Dr. Torrey's pulpit during his 
absence, led in the devotional exercises 
and welcomed the convention to Chica- 
go Avenue Church. He said the great 
distinctive feature of the gospel was its 
openness and freedom. The anti-secret 
movement was standing for what was 
"biblical, for God, through His word, was 
on our side. He thanked the convention 
for coming to their church, because ^Ir. 
bloody and they all were in heartiest 
sympathy with the movement. Rev. W. 
S. Jacoby also welcomed the meeting to 
the church, referring to the word 'A\'el- 
come" above the door as express-ing 
their sincere sympathy with the work of 
the association. 



President Swartz presided at each of 
the sessions of the convention, and im- 
pressed all with his kind Christian spirit 



and fine executive ability. President 
Blanchard's address in the evening was 
one of his best efforts. It was based 
upon EzekieFs charge to the ministry as 
watchmen -who must warn the wicked to 
turn and the righteous to continue. He 
emphasized the truth that to perform, 
this duty the watchman must know the 
nature of the evil against which he 
warns. 



r^Irs. X. E. Kellogg was elected Re- 
cording Secretary of the association, in 
place of Airs. ^1. C. Baker, who had re- 
moved to Knoxville, Tenn., and whose 
long and faithful services in that position 
were highly appreciated. ]Mrs. Kellogg's 
paper, read at the afternoon session, on 
"Secret Societies and Civil Govern- 
ment,'' was carefully prepared and gave 
evidence of large research. The excel- 
lent reading of Miss Elizabeth Flagg's 
paper on "Fraternal Secret Organiza- 
tions," by ^Irs. J. 'M. Hitchcock, added 
much to its effect. We publish it in this 
number and our readers will find it a 
thorough and masterly discussion of a 
popular evil. Both these papers elicited 
an interesting and animated discussion. 



Rev. W. Fenton reports from his 
home in St. Paul that since our annual 
meeting last year he has obtained fifty 
subscribers for The Cynosure, sold quite 
a number of books sent him by Secre- 
tary W. I. Phillips, and also $25 worth 
of books donated to him by E. A. Cook, 
of Chicago. He delivered about seventy 
public addresses in Minnesota, Wiscon- 
sin and Iowa. Some of these were given 
in the open air. He also worked up the 
r^Iinnesota State convention at Albert 
Lea. His collections were not always 
sufficient to defray his traveling ex- 
penses, but ^Ir. Brace, of Minnesota, 
generously contributed $10 to help in 
the expense of his Clear Lake, Iowa, lec- 
ture tour. Bro. Fenton has also pub- 
lished at intervals the Christian Liber- 
ator, sending it to many friends through- 
out the State and elsewhere. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard gave a cheering re- 
port of the work in Xew England. Dur- 
ing the years of his labors in that field 
there had been steady progress. The dis- 
cussion of the anti-secret issue in some 
form was now up at nearly every conven- 



52 



CHRISTIAN CYNOiSTJiRE. 



June, 1898. 



tion. The difficulty of getting access to 
the people was diminis'hing. He found 
in many places fruits of President C. A. 
Blanchard's address at North field. He 
had spoken a number of times at the Gor- 
don Training School with good results. 
Bro. Stoddard seems to have lost none of 
his vigor and efficiency in the work and 
his faith in its speedy triumph is un- 
daunted. His presence after an absence 
of nine years w^as an inspiration. 



It is seldom that a Chicago audience 
'was as thoroughly aroused as was the 
large audience at the Moody Church on 
the evening of May 12, while seceding 
A'lasons were testifying against the lodge. 
After President Blanchard's address the 
first seceding Mason to testify was. Rev. 
J. C. Brodfuhrer, D. D., of Chicago, who 
gave reasons why he had renounced the 
order. An elderly man with a Scotch ac- 
cent rose next and declared himself a 
Presbyterian, a Christian and a Freema- 
son; he loudly extolled the lodge and de- 
nounced President Blanchard's address, 
denying that he had taken the oath as he 
had given it, and when questioned by the 
President he persisted in his denial and 
rushed excitedly from the room amidst 
the loud applause of the audience. A 
number of seceding Masons, including 
Rev. Taylor, of Montana, and Rev. Ja- 
coby, of the Moody Church, gave strong 
testimonies to the genuineness of the 
Masonic expositions and the anti-Chris- 
tian character of Masonry. President 
Swartz spoke impressively of the diabol- 
ical nature of a system that could inspire 
a man professing to be a Christian to 
publicly and defiantly lie in defense of it, 
as they had witnessed that evening. 



Rev. P. B. Williams reports by letter 
from his home in Portland, Ore., his 
year's work as follows: "The Lord has 
been very good to me during the past 
year. My crosses and trials have not 
been greater than His grace. I have 
been quite busy during the eleven 
months I was in the field, ending with 
March 31, at which time I broke down 
completely by overwork, and had to quit 
the field and return to the Pacific coast 
for climatic change. I hope to recover 
physical strength to enter the fight once 
more against the works of darkness. 
Will you remember me in your prayers? 



'T have delivered 153 anti-secret ad- 
dresses in eleven months, and 221 ad- 
dresses on other subjects, 374 in all. I 
have obtained 2^2 Cynosure subscrip- 
tions. My collections amounted tO' 
$566.54. This, added to Cynosure re- 
ceipts, amounted to $726.79. My ex- 
penses for eleven months were $665.30^ 
leaving a balance of $61.49. Thus you 
see, I worked eleven months, speaking 
374 times for $61.49, above my traveling 
expenses. In counting my income I in- 
clude also three dollars per month for 
my little home here in Portland, Ore., 
which I rented for that amount while 
East. Now, we are compelled to sell it,. 
to get money to pay our indebtedness 
incurred while engaged in this work. 
Brethren, if I ever secure another, 1 
want you to know it will go as freely as 
this, in such a cause. May God bless 
you all and give you His presence and 
smiles during your convention." 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard, in reporting 
his year's work at the annual meetings 
said: 'T am glad to report that God's 
goodness and blessing has attended vaj 
labors during the year passed. I have 
been learning the lessons of success, that 
/'success succeeds" and "to him that 
hath shall be given" shoukl be kept in 
mind by all reform workers. Realize 
the fact that the resources of the Al- 
mighty are at our command, that the 
great loving Savior is on our side, and 
there is no such thing as failure. Every 
hour, week and year will be a success. 
There -will be obstacles, but we will sur- 
mount them. Some will grumble, com- 
plain, call hard names, and wonder why 
so few wish to hear them. The success- 
ful worker keeps sweet, tells of past suc- 
cess, looks to the future, praises virtue 
and has divine wisdom in pointing out 
error. 

"In storming the Manillas of secrecy,, 
I have endeavored to keep this in mind. 
They have always been found weak and 
yielding as sin. Not a single contest has 
resulted in defeat. The N. C. A. ban- 
ner floats higher to-day in the district 
where it has been my privilege to labor 
than ever since my knowledge of the 
field. The change in The Cynosure I 
feared would cripple the work. While 
it is true that many miss its weekly vis- 
its, there are a large number who value 



June, 1808. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



53 



it more since the change. The multipHc- 
ity of daily newspapers, with the easy 
means of transmitting information, 
make the weekHes of Httle value, except- 
ing to those in isolated or secluded dis- 
tricts. Specialties are coming to the 
front. Concentration of thought, energy 
and information are in demand. The 
popularity of The Cynosure with the 
twentieth century reformer is thus to be 
accounted for. I find in reviewing my 
list that I have secured over 600 Cyno- 
sure readers during the year passed. 
Concentration -of effort brings the best 
results. The field assigned to me is 
large enough for six. While reaching 
new towns each year, I believe the culti- 
vation of soil already prepared to be of 
the greatest importance. Could I have 
such conventions as were held this year 
in Philadelphia and Allegheny in all the 
cities in my district, the results would 
be far-reaching. There has been an un- 
usual willingness on the part of the 
large daily papers to publish fair reports 
of our conventions. I have made the 
acquaintance of reporters in Pittsburg 
and elsewhere who willingly pubHsh 
such information as I can supply. 

''My meetings have been accompanied 
■with usual interest. Attendance at the 
annual meeting of the German Baptist 
Brethren and other central gatherings 
of ministers and leaders has afforded an 
opportunity to do good, especially in 
the sale of pamphlets and distribution 
of tracts. The visitation of colleges has 
kept the work before many of the young 
men and women of the future. 

''My first visit to the cotton belt of 
North Carolina revealed a needy field. 
The darkness is still gross, though light 
is creeping in, I spoke to some willing 
listeners, and hope when mission funds 
increase to do so again. 

"Added strength is given the Phila- 
delphia work in the organization of a 
strong N. C. A. auxiliary. Starting 
with seventy members, new supporters 
have been enlisted at meetings since 
held. Allegheny and other cities get- 
ting ready may be expected to organize 
in the near future. 

"The cash collections have not aggre- 
gated quite as much this year as at times. 
This may not be so much because of 
contracting interest, as diminished 
means and my not getting around to call 



for it. All collections have been given 
the General Secretary with the monthly 
reports. The Washington building has 
provided a home and the usual amount 
of support. With that faith that brings 
victory, grateful for blessings past, I 
shall look to the future." 



Irom ®ur JMail. 



We have room only for a few^ extracts 
from letters addressed to our annual 
meeting. 

Bishop Milton Wright, Dayton, O. — 
Secret societies are, in my judgment,, 
worthy of the condemnation of all Chris- 
tian citizens, and of the discipline of the 
church. All side issues made by the as- 
sociation narrow the sphere of its influ- 
ence, hinder its fellowship and militate 
against its progress. 

Dr. H. H. George, Beaver Falls, Pa. 
— I frequently run across the path of 
Bro. W. B. Stoddard in his conventional 
work and am glad to lend him a helping 
hand always when I can. Our paths 
are along different lines of the same 
work. The system of secrecy is an ob- 
stacle in the way of the setting up of the 
kingdom of our Redeemer. 

Rev. R. W. Chesnut, Marissa, 111. — 
Our convention at Coulterville last fall 
was a good one. We were ably assisted 
by Bfo. Bonham, of Greenville, 111. Tell 
the brethren that they will not make a 
mistake if they secure him to lecture. 
His manner is good and his address is 
O. K. I have no criticisms to make on 
your work as you are doing nobly. We 
couldn't keep house very well without 
The Cynosure. Now just keep on and 
the truth will prevail. 

Rev. H. H. Hinman, Oberlin, O.— I 
have been especially pleased that some 
old-time workers such as Bro. Ronavne 
have been abl'e to resume eflfective labor, 
while others have never slackened either 
in zeal or efficiency. I desire to express 
my commendation of your work, and 
while pleased with the' monthly Cyno- 
sure, it has seemed to me sincerely de- 
sirable that its weekly form should be 
resumed as soon as adequate means can 
be obtained. The need and opportunity 
for an extension of our •\\ork in the 
South is equally great. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.— 
The most wonderful phase of the work 
to me is the very many open doors and 
the ardent desire of so many to hear the 
truth in regard to secret societies. 

Dr. J. E. Roy, Chicago, 111. — I only 
wish to bid your work God-speed, real- 
izing intensely the need of such work 
to deliver our colored brethren at the 
South, wlio have only escaped the yoke 
of physical bondage to be brought un- 
der another placed upon their moral and 
social nature, in the lodge exactions of 
time and money and spiritual attain- 
ment. As a representative of the A. M. 
A., I wish to express gratitude for the 
reform represented by the N. C. A., for 
what it has done in liberating not a few 
of these people who have been in bond- 
age to the secret orders. The Cynosure, 
the libraries of appropriate literature, the 
addresses and influence of lecturers, 
Rev. PI. IT. Hinman, Rev. S. F. Porter, 
and President C. A. Blanchard have 
done great good in opening the eyes of 
the blind, and the ears of the deaf who 
have suffered by the arts of these clan- 
destine organizations. 

Rev. A. Thomson, Thawville, 111. — 
Any organization claiming to be benevo- 
lent, and founded on the lines laid down 
by Christ, w^hich excludes women and 
children and those incapable of earning 
a living, which lets in the Jew, who is 
able-bodied and keeps out the Christian 
who is not, which denies to a Christian 
within its circle the right to pray in his 
Master's name, is essentially un-Chris- 
tian if every saint in the calendar rose 
from the dead to defend it. 

Rev. W. W. Ames, Menomonie, Wis. 
— My wife and I continue to expose the 
dangers, follies and wickedness of secret- 
ism. We have quite a library of stand- 
ard books, both Masonic and anti-Ma- 
sonic, and often have occasion to refer 
to them in conversation with such as 
drop in to visit us. Among these are 
ministers of the gospel who, while with 
us, have taken their first peep into the 
depths of Satan. 

John Dorcas, Tipton, Iowa — I have 
always loved The Cynosure and had a 
high regard for the N. C. A. as the can- 
dlestick to hold up this great light be- 
fore a benighted world. The associa- 
tion in past years has been a great wit- 
ness for Christ, and I pray it may con- 



tinue to be so, and that it may usher in 
the millenial day. I am suffering much 
from impaired health. 

Rev. J. A. Richards, Ft. Scott, Kan. — 
I have never faltered in my devotion to 
anti-secrecy. It is a life principle with 
me. .1 love The Cynosure, but can't pay 
for it, since my loss of $2,000 by fire. I 
am an old minister and have to struggle 
hard to live. 

Rev. S. C. Kimball, Newmarket, N.H. 
— One of the marked events in the anti- 
secrecy work in New England during 
the year has been the publication of the 
Prize Essays on Secrecy by Rev. J. P, 
Stoddard. The influence of these able 
•essays cannot fail to be great. Another 
notable event has been the address on 
secrecy by President C. A. Blanchard 
at Mr. Moody's Northfield convention. 
This address reached a large and con- 
scientious class of Christians, and can- 
not fail to bear fruit. Henry Varley's 
courageous assault on the lodge dragon 
in Boston was a great help to the cause. 
The Cynosure is the right arm of our 
movement, and so far as possible others 
like Rev. W. B. Stoddard should labor 
to extend its circulation. 

Rev. W. M. Howie, Seattle, Wash. — 
Since I took an active part in the anti- 
secret convention held here, Ihave been 
laid on the shelf by one Christian organi- 
zation at least. There is not much use 
for an anti-secret prohibition minister 
here, and not many are to be found, ex- 
cept among the Free Methodists. Even 
United Presbyterians here, I am sorry 
to say, have not been constructed with 
a good, stifif backbone, such as is pos- 
sessed by your worthy Vice President, 
Dr. Campbell, of Monmouth. I have 
been using The Cynosure and other N. 
C. A. publications to lead men out of 
the lodge. 

Bro. H. C. Cassel, Philadelphia, Pa.: 
There are comparatively few churches 
in our "beloved city" that are not con- 
trolled by the lodge, and there are corre- 
spondingly few churches that have any 
spiritual life and power left. We are evi- 
dently in the Laodicean age. The Holy 
Spirit will not go into partnership with . 
the devil and consequently many 
churches seem to be without a candk- 
stick, but are run along social lines, with 
a form of godliness, but denying the > 
power. 



June, 1898. 



CHRISTTAiN CYNOSURE. 



55 



The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Entered at the Postofflce, Chicago, 111., as second class 
matter. 



look Molxm. 



The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept.), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 
(Friend). 

Rev. M, A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Wm. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business Manager, 
to wliom all letters containing money and relating to 
tlie business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 



Rev. John G. Stearns, toeUknoton 
author: — Masonry will by no means die 
of iiself ; nor will it separate itself from 
itie church of God. No; it will cling to 
it, like the deadly scorpion to the victim 
on which it fastens. The church must 
tnerefore separate from that. 



Ezra A. Cook has just published a 65- 
page "Revised Rebekah Ritual Illustrat- 
ed," price 25 cents, and which will be 
supplied from this office. The publishers 
preface says: ''Heretofore we have pub- 
lished this side degree in connection with 
the regular degrees of the order only, 
but there has been such a constantly in- 
creasing demand for this degree by itself 
that we here give it, copied with the 
greatest accuracy from the Official Rit- 
ual adopted by the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge at Springfield, III, -in September^ 
1897; giving also the report of the com- 
mittee that revised the Ritual, and the 
certificate of the Grand Secretary that 
this Ritual was adopted unanimously. 
We also subjoin the official, instituting 
and installation ceremonies of this de- 
gree, and the same Past Noble Grand, 
who furnished us the Official Ritual, also 
furnished us the "unwritten" (secret) 
work, which will be ifound in its proper 
place. That this side degree has grown 
vastly in importance, in the eyes of the 
Sovereign Grands of the order, is evi- 
denced by the fact that during the past 
fifteen years it has been revised, amend- 
ed and tinkered more than any or all of 
the regular degrees of the order, and al- 
ways in the line of enlarging its field of 
operation and removing restrictions to 
membership." 



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CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1898. 



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June, 1898. CHRISTIA^N CYNOSURE. 57 



Bible Temperance 



BY REV. S. F. PORTER. 



What has the all-wise Creator taught us in his 
Word concerning the use of wine? As food, it 
is repeatedly named with corn and oil and milk 
and honey. The grape was, perhaps, the most 
popular of all the Oriental fruits. Taken fresh 
from the vine, it was delicious; and in the many 
forms in which it was preserved, it was a special 
favorite. The juice was ranked with milk and 
oil as nutritious and delightful. Song of Solomon 
5: 1: "I have eaten my honeycomb with my 
honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk." 
Isa. 55: 1: "Yea, come, buy wine and milk, with- 
out money and without price." Isaac, in blessing 
Jacob, says (Gen. 27: 28): "God give thee of the 
dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and 
plenty of corn and wine." So God says to his 
people, if they would love and obey him (Deut. 
11: 14): "I will give . . the first rain, and 
the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy 



5S CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. June, 1898. 



(2) 
corn, and thy wine, and thine oil." Thus wine 
as food is mentioned again and again in the in- 
spired volume, with no word of disapproval. On 
the contrary it is continually classed with corn 
(i.e. , bread or grain), and oil, and milk, and honey, 
as a blessing and a good gift from the Heavenly 
Father. 

Why, then, do the Scriptures so frequently 
condemn the use of wine? The answer is plain 
enough: The Bible forbids the use of wine when 
it is not food; and alcoholic wine is not food. 
When wine ferments it forms alcohol, and then it 
is not food, but poison, and the use of it God has 
prohibited. Prov. 23: 31,32: "Look not thou 
upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its 
color in the cup, when it moveth itself aright. 
At the last it biteth like a serpent and stingeth 
like an adder. " This is a very perfect descrip- 
tion of intoxicating wine; and shows quite clearly 
what our liquor men term '•'•the head.''' Such wine 
we are commanded not to look upon, but utterly 
to reject it: it has a snake in it. Such "wine is 
a mocker, strong drink is raging, and whosoever 
is deceived thereby is not wise." Prov. 20: 1. 
"Who hath woes? Who hath sorrow? Who hath 
contentions? Who hath babbling? Who hath 
wounds without cause? Who hath redness of 
eyes? They that tarry long at the wine (alco- 
holic); they that go to seek mixed (or drugged) 
wine." Prov. 23: 29, 30. Such things could 
never be said of the pure, unfermented wine, 
which the ancients used for food. 

Do the names used in the Bible distinguish the 



June, 1S98. CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 59 



(3) 
different states of the wine? There are two words 
that signify wine in general: Yay'ui, Hebrew, 
which is employed 141 times in the Old Testa- 
ment; and Oi?ios, Greek, used in the New Testa- 
ment thirty-two times, and qualified by ad- 
jectives as occasion requires. The Hebrew word 
tirosh occurs thirty-eight times in the Old Testa- 
ment, and is translated "new wine. " Some think 
that this word meant unfermented wine; and per- 
haps it did for a time. But new wine soon fer- 
mented in that climate, and it was especially 
poisonous. Others mocking said, ' 'These men are 
full of new wine." Acts 2: 13. Besides these 
there are three or four words used in the Hebrew: 
hhemar^ seven times; gnases (sweet wine), four 
times; mimesaJc and sahe, once or twice. Shekar 
is used nineteen times to designate strong drink. 
Sikera, meaning the same thing in Greek, is used 
once or twice; and glukos (new wine), signifying 
sweet wine in Greek, is found a time or two. 

Thus we see that it is not by a name, but by a 
description of the liquid that God has prohibited 
alcoholic poison. It is when it is inflamed (red) 
"when it giveth its color in the cup, when it 
moveth itself aright" (has the bead), "look not 
upon it!" pass it by! utterly reject it! "for at the 
last it biteth like a serpent and stingeth like an 
adder. " Oh, what millions of precious lives wouid 
have been saved through the ages past if men had 
listened to the words of the Great Father, and 
never accustomed their tongues to the tang of the 
serpent's poison! And how much suffering of the 
innocent and the helpless would have been pre- 



GO CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. June, 1898. 



(4) 
vented! And what millions of millions of means 
would have been saved wherewith to bless man- 
kind! 

Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, appear to 
have been temporarily demented by drinking 
alcoholic wine when they insulted the Lord by 
using forbidden fire in sacrifice. "And the Lord 
spake unto Aaron, saying, ' 'Do not drink wine, 
nor strong drink, thou nor thy sons with thee, 
when ye go into the tabernacle of the congrega- 
tion, lest ye die." Lev. 10: 9. In like manner it 
was forbidden to kings to drink wine or strong 
drink (Prov. 31: 4, 5) lest they should "forget the 
law and pervert the judgment of any of "the 
afflicted." The Nazarites also took a vow to ab- 
stain from the fruit of the vine; so that they re- 
fused all wine, whether fermented or unfermented. 
The Rechabites, too, utterly rejected wine from 
generation to generation, according to the charge 
of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, their ancestor. 
Jer. 35: 8. During the seven days' feast of the 
Passover the Jews were prohibited the use of any 
fermented food. Ex. 12: 19. "Seven days shall 
there be no leaven found in your houses; for who- 
soever eateth that which is leavened, even that 
soul shall be cut off from the congregation of 
Israel." By such means the divine warning 
against the subtle poison of fermented drink was 
again and again reiterated. For the necessity of 
it was great, because of the many temptations 
and dangers in the way of fallen human nature in 
the use of these things. 

One of the most subtle stratagems of the enemy 



June, 1808. CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 61 



(5) 
consists in perverting the divine commandment. 
Instead of utterly rejecting the fermented wine, 
which ' 'at the last biteth like a serpent and sting- 
eth like an adder," it is assumed that God ap- 
proves of the alcoholic poison as a beverage; but 
it must be used temperately. This has been the 
cry for more than four thousand years; and yet 
the true line between the temperate and the in- 
temperate use of alcoholic wine has never been dis- 
covered. Nor will it ever be while this world of 
ours stands, for there is no such line. The only 
temperate line is between wine that is food and 
unfermented, and wine that is poison because it is 
fermented. And the same thing is true with re- 
gard to cider. We get some insight into the vint- 
age of Bible times by the apple orchards and mills 
and presses and cider-making in early New En- 
gland. When the rich current began to flow how 
the children and youth gathered about to taste the 
new cider — a delightful feast, as harmless as milk. 
But the bearded men rejected it as tasteless until 
fermentation produced the alcoholic "ton^" 
with which they could wrestle. Cider was good 
for nothing to them without the strength of the 
poison. This taste they had acquired, for it was 
not natural. They had when children a love for 
the pure juice of the apple. And thus it has been 
through all the ages with wine; men rejected the 
pure juice, which they loved in childhood, and 
cherished that liquor which at length will sting 
like an adder. And the church has been deceived 
and gone astray; and learned ministers and faith- 
ful elders and deacons have declared that there is 



G2 CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. June, 1S98. 



(6) 
no such thing as wine that is not fermented; and 
that whatever is said in commendation of wine by 
the inspired writers of the Bible is said of fer- 
mented wine, having alcoholic poison in it. 

"Oh," says one learned doctor of divinity, "you 
believe in the two-wine theory." No, doctor, I 
believe in wine that passes through two different 
states; in one it is food, in the other it is poison- 
ous; and in that state God forbids its use as a 
beverage. It is certain that cider is at first as 
harmless as milk; but afterward it has the poison 
of the serpent. Do you believe in two ciders? 
We all know that cider is called cider when it- 
comes from the press as truly as after it is fer- 
mented; and so it is with wine. And yet the wily 
destroyer of men has beguiled the learned Bible 
critics. They affirm that the gentle Jesus created 
two or three barrels of fermented wine at a mar- 
riage feast to gratify the already half-intoxicated 
guests! John 2: 10. '-^Credat Judeus Ajyjjelles, 
non ego!'' 

The wine the dear Saviour made, we may be 
sure, was sweet and delightful food for children 
and youth, with no bite of the snake nor sting of 
the adder. That was the "good wine" which was 
reserved until the last. To cap the climax, in 
this diabolical conspiracy against mankind, the 
universal church of Christ was pursuaded to use 
the wine that God had prohibited at the Lord's 
table. And how many precious souls, just escap- 
ing from the fetters of appetite, have been en- 
snared again by Satan there. Tasting again the 
wine that "biteth like a serpent," they turned 



June. 1S9S. CHRISTIAX CYNOSURE. 63 



(7) 

l3ackward and rushed down the drunkard's road to 
everlasting ruin. Or, holding the breath, they 
passed the cup hastily on without taking it. And 
is it not to such the cup of devils? 

While the most of the Christian world and the 
multitude of pious, godly men in the church as- 
sume that God approves of fermented wine as a 
beverage, what can be done for Bible temperance? 
They really justify the use of wine and beer and 
cider in their fermented state; and this is the 

FOUNDATION ROCK ON WHICH IS BUILT THE SALOON, 
AS WELL AS THE BREWERY AND THE DISTILLERY. 

Their testimony is, ' -Use all these things and li- 
cense them, but use them temperately;" which is 
impossible. For we are commanded to utterly re- 
ject such things. '-Look not thou upon the wine 
when it is red, when it giveth its color in the cup, 
when it moveth itself aright, at the last it biteth 
like a serpent and stingeth like an adder." Look 
at the statistics of intemperance in our own be- 
loved country: 215,000 saloons; 600,000 drunk- 
ards; 60,000 deaths each year; and $1,484,000,000 
paid annually for the snake bite. 



>'ATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA.TION, 221 Wxst Madison St., 
Chicago. Tracts and Books Opposed to Secret Societies. 



64 



CHRISTIAN CYNOlSURE. 



June, 1898. 



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Facts and Photographs. 

In this brief booklet are collected the opin- 
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eminent in statecraft, also the testimonies of 
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WHEATON COLLEGE 

Wheaton, Illinois- 




CLASSICAL, SCIENTIFIQ AND LITERARY COURSES 

PREPARATORY SCHOOL — Fits for any College 

ART SCHOOL — Celebrated for preparing teachers 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

BUSINESS COLLEGE 



TERMS BEGIN Sept, 21, ^97, Jan. 4, ^98, April 5, ^98, and July 4, ^98. 
Send for Catalogue. CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, Pres. 

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"Ritual for Rebekah Lodges 

....OF THE.... 
INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD-FELLOWS, 

Under the Jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, 

(REVISED SEPTEMBER, 1897.) 

Published by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, L 0. 0. F." 



mi 



1 






LATEST REVISED AND AMENDED OFFICIAL 

Rebekah Ritual Illustrated. 

With the Unwritten (Secret) Work Added. 
Also the Official 

Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 

and Installation of Officers of 

Rebekah Lodges, 

AND AN 

Analysis of the Character of the Degree 

...BY... 

PRESIDENT J. BLANCHARD. 



nil 



Paper Cover, Postpaid, 25 Cents. 



National Christian Association, 



ffi 



221 West Madison Street, 

CHICAGO, ILL. 







WM. C. BISSELL. 



CONTENTS. 



Current Notes 66 

Masonry — A Discussion 67 

The Conspiracy of Silence 71 

A Mason "On Sight" 72 

Good Advice to Workmen 73 

HoTV the Church May Help the Needy. ... 73 

How to Aid Workingmen 74 

What Are the Objections to Labor 

Unions ? 75 

Slavery of Secret Labor Unions 76 

Attitude of Labor Unions Toward Non- 
Union Men : 77 

Evil Effects of Trade Unions 77 

A Menace to the Country 79 

Our Symposium— Secret Labor Societies.. 80 
Editorial-Cut It Short 82 



How the Dues Are Kept Up 82' 

Masonry Wrong in Principle , 82* 

A Great Jurist 82: 

Where a Search-Light Is Needed 83 

"They Rest from Their Labors 83. 

The Schwenkf elders and the Lodge .... 83 

Case of Trades Union Tyranny 84^ 

Instigator of Labor Riots 84 

Remedy for Labor Troubles 84 

How They Enslave Conscience 85- 

Lodge Enslaved Lavor 85 

Our Question Drawer ,. . 86- 

News of Our W^ork 88 

Resolutions Adopted at Annual Meeting. . 91 
From Our Mail 92: 



NflTIONflL GHR18TIM ftSSOGIATION. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
pofiied to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa,, in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and' the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is interdenominational. 
Tbe president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Oon^ 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical, 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent 

The principal headiqtiarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicago. 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and prind- 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon- 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and' Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 Weet Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure— Rev. M. A. 
Qault, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, B. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. H<ilmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. P. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard. Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. 0. 





'Jesus answered him,— I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, JULY, 1898. 



NUMBER 3. 



PUl'.LISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHKISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TERnS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICE.— Per year, in advance. $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; tingle copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.— Wc find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
tht;y t.iil to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the sjjbscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.-Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 



Secret society oaths will be subject of 
our August Symposium. 



The discussion in this issue ends the 
Ely-Williams debate, but Prof. Ely Avill 
have several articles in the wind-up. 



We wish our contributors to remem- 
ber that they can help us by sending 
their tersest and most original ideas on 
"Lodge Oaths" for our next number. 



A student of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity at Evanston tells us that nearly 
all the intemperance and licentiousness 
among their students is sheltered behind 
the closed doors and screened windows of 
the college fraternities. 



The New York Voice of June ■'9th 
turns its searchlight upon the Michigan 
State University at Ann Arbor, and te- 
veals a deplorable condition of student 
morals. It says: "All that is foul in the 
dark side of college life here is represent- 
ed in the secret fraternities." 



The "Voice," which has ever main- 
tained a singular reticence on the secret 
society question, is now compelled by 
the logic of events to publish a most se- 
vere condemnation of these dens of cor- 
ruption. It declares of the' Ann Arbor 
College fraternities: "All but two or 
three of the chapter houses bear a most 
disreputable reputation. Some are com- 
monly classed as houses of assignation, 
pure and simple." 



"Many of these chapter houses," says 
the Voice, "have telephones which are 
used in making appointments with loose 
women around the city. They are loca- 
ted in various parts of the city, ofif uni- 
versity property, and are completely ig- 
nored by the faculty, unless the boys are 
caught by the poHce in some of their 
drunken scrapes." When will the peo- 
ple learn, as the Voice is beginning to 
see, that any attempt to clean up the 
morals of a nation as well as that of a 
college must fail so long as secret lodges 
exist. They are being used the world 
over as a shield for vice and crime. 



"The painful escapade," says the 
Voice, "in the Delta Sigma Delta fra- 
ternity is still fresh in the minds of peo- 
ple here. A daughter of one of the most 
prominent citizens of Ann Arbor was 
debauched and ruined in this chapter 
house. She began making a practice, 
\vith other silly girls, of commimi eating 
with the students of this fraternity by 
telephone, and meeting the boys at 
night in their fraternity dive. Eventu- 
ally her condition became such that she 
fled to Kalamazoo to avoid exposure. 
For days detectives searched every- 
where and her parents were frantic with 
distress. The faculty itself was smirched 
with this awful muss, the name of one of 
the instructors being bandied about in 
connection with the escapade." 



66 



CHRIS TIA(N CTiNO^UEaE. 



July, 1898. 



The staff correspondent of the same 
journal says: "The Delta Tau Delta is 
held in special disrepute. Two years ago 
the sheriff levied on their property on 
complaint of various local business men. 
One account was a whisky bill of $200. 
They were forced to give up the house 
they then occupied. It was their practice 
to buy a whole cart load of beer at a time, 
and haul it out to their dive, yelling like 
a lot of Comanches. The Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon house is out in the suburbs and 
is recognized as a dive. It is not onily a 
resort for drinking, but it is frequented 
bv loose women." 



\\^m. C. Bissell, whose obituary was 
published in the May Cynosure, was one 
of the most liberal contributors and de- 
voted workers in the anti-secret move- 
ment. His home at Humboldt, Neb., 
was the headquarters for our reform lec- 
turers, who were ever his welcome guests. 
We have many times enjoyed the kind 
hospitality and co-operation of this dear 
friend and 'his wife, who is now left to pur- 
sue life's journey alo'ue. May the rich 
consolations which Christ alone has 
promised and the Holy Spirit inspires be 
hers in an abundant measure. 



The tyranny and selfishness of secret 
labor unions never had a better illustra- 
tion than in the recent strike of the 
Stereotypers' union of Chicago, which 
during four days stopped the publica- 
tion of the eight great city dailies. The 
unpatriotic character of the order w^as 
also seen in that, while our brave sol- 
diers were fighting in the rain of shot 
and shell, under a tropical sun, in storm- 
ing the defenses of Santiago, and when 
anxious friends and relatives here were 
waiting in suspense to get the news from 
the brave defenders of the flag, these 
strikers could deliberately lock the 
wheels of the press and shut ofif the news 
from the wounded and dying at the front. 
And what was their grievance? Simplv 
that they were receiving $3.25 for a day's 
labor of eight hours. Their demand was 
for $4 for a day's labor of seven hours. 
This selfish and unpatriotic strike at such 
a time has greatly aroused public indig- 
nation and drives another big nail in the 
cof^n of all secret labor unions. 



The Woodw^orkers of Oshkosh, Wis., 
who had been for some time on a strike, 
held the city in a reign of terror June 23. 
The city authorities were unable to cope 
with the rioters, and so four infantry 
companies and a battery from Milwau- 
kee left about midnight to quell the mob, 
which was endangering life and property. 



The National Masonic Fair and Exhi- 
bition was opened April 12 in the pres- 
ence o'f thousands in W^ashington, D. C. 
The object of this fair is to gather a fund 
for an immense central Masonic tem.ple 
in Washington. At the opening of the 
fair the President sent the following mes- 
sage : 

"The President sends greetings to the 
fraternity and wishes them every possi- 
ble success." 



A Philadelphia paper states that a se- 
cret order called the Knights of the 
Golden Eagle had organized a society of 
Christian Endeavor for the youth of its 
own members. The same paper says 
that the Knights of Friendship had in- 
augurated the same system. Parents and 
Christian reformers should warn the 
young people against this cunning de- 
vice of the lodge to ensnare them within 
its folds and instill into their minds its 
poisonous teachings. 



Our readers should weigh seriously the 
warning words of Prof. Lieber against 
trades-unions, because of his high stand- 
ing as an authority on political science, 
and because these unions are becoming 
more tyrannical and danp-erous. It is 
now well nigh impossible for any artisan 
to obtain employment in this ^ity or 
'Suburbs unless he belongs to a secret la- 
bor union. Three years ago on the Mar- 
quette building, during a strike, two la- 
borers were shot, and the murderers 
wxnt unwhipped of justice because the 
law was powerless in dealing with these 
secret unions. Non-union men have 
been pursued on the street, and two years 
ago one was followed into a church, 
where he fled for refuge, and dangerously 
assaulted before the pulpit, in the pres- 
ence of a prayer meeting. Labor is en- 
slaved by these despotic organizations. 



July, 1898. 



OHRISTTAiN CYNiO'SUEiE. 



G7 



The 'Tyler" of May 15 says: ''The 
President, the Vice President, five cab- 
inet officers, forty-one Senators and 
eighty-one Congressmen are Free Ma- 
sons." 



MASONRY.— A DISCUSSION. 

Betiveen Professor John Agustus Williams, of 
Harrodsburg, Ky., and Professor Simp- 
son Ely, of Kirksville, Mo. 



Rev. G. W. Hawley says of the late 
Wm. C. Bissell: "As a Christian man 
Brother Bissell leaves nothing uncertain. 
Consecrated to his God, he loved his Bi- 
ble, read it much and understood its 
teachings. He did not seek much to con- 
train himself to obey it, as it constrained 
him to obey it. It was inwrought in his 
life. The Bible commands to love your 
enemies. Love is hard to compel but 
easily compels. Om one occasion when 
he felt be was very wrongfully treated by 
a fellO'W man; he sent to him a message of 
love by us saying 'tell him that I bear 
him no unkind feeling, I have tried in 
all my ways to lead him to become a 
Christian.' And then with great tears 
starting from his eyes he said: 'Tell him 
I want to meet him in heaven.' Thus was 
the power of grace distinctly manifest in 
this life. May the mantle of Brother Bis- 
sell fall on many of the rising genera- 
tion." 



The portrait of our departed co-la- 
borer, Wm. C. Bissell, on our front page 
is from his latest photograph. His funeral 
service was conducted by Rev. G. W. 
Hawley, who said of him: "Another trait 
of Mr. Bissell's character is worthy of 
mention — ^^his faithfulness. Many a sol- 
dier is brave in the front ranks, when all 
eyes are upon him. A leader is courage- 
ous because he is a leader, but remand 
them to the rear ranks and there may be 
nothing in either to admire. Mr. Bissell 
graduated from Yale college in 1835, ^^~ 
tered upon a life of teaching, was success- 
ful and efficient as principal of some of 
the foremost schools in Connecticut, 
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illi- 
nois and Nebraska. But when by the de-^ 
cline of years he was made to follow in 
the rear rank he was still faithful to his 
post and true to his convictions of dtuy. 
Mr, Bissell would pull with the front 
team or pull with the rear, if all the rest 
balked he would still pull; if all broke 
loose and ran away he still remained with 
his load." 



IMPEACHMENTS OF MASONRY. — NO. VIII., BY 
PKOFESSOR ELY. 

No. 25. I impeach Masonry because 
it excludes women. The Bible recog- 
nizes the equality of men and women be- 
fore God. It teaches that in marriage 
they enter upon an equal partnership. 
The husband is not to lord it over the 
wife, nor is the wife to exercise authority 
over the husband. They are equal. "For 
this cause shall a man leave father and 
mother and cleave unto his wife and they 
two shall be one." This is heaven's law. 
In God's mathematics of marriage 1 + 1 = 
I. Masonry breaks up this heaven-or- 
dained unity. It erects an oath-bound 
barrier between a man and his wife. It 
binds him to secrecy from his vv^ife that 
he supposes cannot be violated without 
perjury. I do not believe a man should 
belong to any society into which his wife 
may not enter with the utmost freedom. 
Jesus said in respect to the sacred and 
inviolable nature of marriage: "What 
God has joined together let no man put 
assunder." Masonry does the very thing 
that Jesus forbids as far as the secrets of 
the Masonic institution may go. They 
have things here in common no more 
than do the Hottentots and Europeans. 
Here is an impassable barrier to mutual 
confidence and co-operation. Some may 
lightly esteem this matter, but from my 
view-point it is a very great sin. In this 
age of domestic infelicity, alienations, 
desolate homes, separations and divorce 
suits, it behooves us to discourage all in- 
fluences that tend to annul the marriage 
vow, or to destroy the unity of the home. 

The religion of Jesus is pre-eminently 
a religion for woman. Jesus is essentially 
the woman's friend. The genius of his 
religion is to level distinctions and estab- 
lish the unity of the race. 

26. I impeach Masonry because its 
recognition of God is a farce, a delusion 
and a snare. It is claimed that a man 
must believe in a Supreme Being in or- 
der to be a Mason. What of that? Mo- 
hammedans recognize God, and many of 
them are Masons. Buddhists and Con- 



08 



CiHRiISTIA^^ CYNOSURE. 



July. 1898. 



fucionists recognize a Supreme Being, 
and many of them are INIasons. Deists, 
Spiritualists, Pantheists and infidels say 
there is a God, and they furnish their 
quota to replenish the ranks of Masonry. 
The God idea is inherent in Man. It is 
man's normal state. Atheism is abnorm- 
al. It is a fungus growth. It is a car- 
buncle upon the neck of the world. Now 
the truth is this : The only right concep- 
tion of God is that which comes to us 
through Jesus Christ our Savior. "For 
this is life eternal: to know Thee, the 
only true God, and Jesus Christ whom 
Thou hast sent' But Masonry does not 
have any use for the Revelation of God 
in Jesus Christ. The God taught by Ma- 
sonry is a Christless God. 

The Mystic Star, a Masonic monthly 
published in Chicago, speaking of an ad- 
dress by Grand Orator Kendig, says: 

"We regret to notice a very excep- 
tional expression in Brother Kendig's 
address. We refer to Earth's Creator 
and man's Redeemer, Jesus Christ. This 
sentiment is purely sectarian. It is rea- 
sonable to suppose that not a tithe of 
those he addressed believed in the senti- 
ment. All Universalists, all Israelites, 
-all Spiritualists, and many others do not 
believe in it at all. And were all such re- 
moved from the fraternity, there would 
be precious few remaining." 

Thus the Supreme Being that Masonry 
recognizes is such an accommodating 
character that he can commend himself 
alike to the pious and the impious! He 
is only used at all in order to catch the 
unwary. 

I have now reached the end of my im- 
peachments and arguments. To me this 
has been a most instructive and interest- 
ing task. It has been purely a labor of 
love. I have written for the glory of God 
and the good of man. Every word has 
been inspired by a deep conviction that 
all secret societies are so many abomina- 
tions. The conviction grows upon me 
Avith my growing years. God, who made 
us, has given all things necessary to our 
good. He knows what is in man and the 
deep needs of our natures, and He has 
given us Christ and the church to meet 
all our wants. These should be all in 
all to the Christian. What more could 
God do for us than he has done? "But," 
it is often said "if the church would do 
its duty, there would be no need of the 



lodges." That is the sheerest sophistry! 
Just change the statement about. If the 
lodge members had not shorn the church 
of its strength and robbed it of its means 
it could perform many more benevolent 
works. It is just another case of Samson 
and Delilah. The lodge is the harlot, into 
whose lap many of the members of the 
church have been enticed, and the poor 
dupes have often been the prey of the 
Philistines. 

What I have written, I have written. 
I have wTitten, not knowing what my op- 
ponent may say. At this writing, I have 
not seen a word of his replies. I want 
him to make his case as strong as pos- 
sible. 

I rest my case here. I am willing for 
God and my readers to judge of its mer- 
its. I would only add this summary from 
the pen of President Charles G. Finney, 
long-time President of Oberlin College. 
He renounced Masonry. He knows 
whereof he afifirms: 

"How can we fail to pronounce Free- 
masonry an anti-Christian institution? 
For example: i. We have seen that its 
morality is unchristian. 2. Its oath- 
bound secrecy is unchristian. 3. The ad- 
ministration and taking of its oaths are 
unchristian, and a violation of a positive 
command of Christ. 4. Masonic oaths 
pledge its members to commit most un- 
lawful and unchristian deeds, (a) To 
conceal each other's crimes, (b) To de- 
liver each other from difficulty whether 
right or wrong, (c) To unduly favor 
Masonry in political action and in busi- 
ness transactions, (d) Its members are 
sworn to retaliate, and persecute unto 
death the violators of Masonic obligation. 

(e) Freemasonry knows no mercy but 
swears its candidates to avenge violations 
of Masonic obligation even unto death. 

(f) Its oaths are profane, the taking of 
the name of God in vain, (g) The penal- 
ties of these oaths are barbarous and even 
savage, (h) Its teachings are false and 
profane, (i) Its design is partial and 
selfish, (j) Its ceremonies are a mixture 
of puerility and profanity, (k) Its relig- 
ion is deistic. (1) It is a false refigion, 
and professes to save men upon other 
conditions than those revealed in the 
Gospel of Christ, (m) It is an enormous 
falsehood, (n) It is a swindle, and ob- 
tains money from its membership under 
false pretenses, (o) It refuses all exami- 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



69 



nation, and veils itself under a mantle of 
oath-boimd secrecy, (p) It is a virtual 
conspiracy against both church and state. 

''No one, therefore, has ever under- 
taken, and for the plainest reasons none 
will undertake to defend Freemasonry as 
it is revealed in these books. But we 
know, if we can know anything from tes- 
timony, that these books do truly reveal 
Freemasonry. Freemasons do not pre- 
tend that Freemasonry, as revealed in 
these books, is compatible with Chris- 
tianity. Their arguments are threats, 
calumny, persecution and assassination." 

Simpson Ely. 

Kirksville, Mo. 

BEPLY TO IMPEACHMENTS.— NO. VIII., BY PRO- 
FESSOR WILLIAMS. 

No. 25. Our accuser has no right to 
blame Alasonry for excluding women 
from the lodge, for if the lodge is half as 
bad a place as he says it is, no respectable 
woman would wish to enter it, and no de- 
cent husband would permit his w4fe to do 
so. Justice, therefore, required Bro. Ely 
to give us credit for having respect 
enough for our mothers and wives and 
sisters and daughters, to close our doors 
against them! But, no; he will not do 
us even that much justice! 

His views too, on the marriage rela- 
tion I think are radically wTong; but they 
have been already criticised, and need 
not be noticed now, unless very briefly. 
One thing I rather like about Bro. Ely: 
he accepts all the consequences of his 
reasoning, even a reductio ad absurdum. 
He sees, that if his present argument is 
good against Masonry, it is equally good 
against many other useful associations of 
men; and he boldly accepts the conclu- 
sions! He even insists on it, that the 
husband should belong to no societv 
whatever into which his wife may not 
freely enter ! Now we leave this doctrine, 
for the present, to the consideration of 
thoughtful wives, who will at once think 
of our industrial brotherhoods, labor 
unions, athletic clubs, political caucuses, 
military organizahons and many other 
societies, none of which "hubbie" ever 
ought to enter, because "wifie" carunot 
go with him! No good wife would wish 
to handicap her husband; and no wise 
man would care to clog himself with such 
a wife. 

Bro. Ely's arithmetical statement of the 
marriage relation, that in God's arithme- 



tic, ''1 + 1 = 1,' is as great an absurdity 
in sociology as it is in mathematics. The 
statement that 1+ 1=2, is as true in mar- 
riage as it is in numbers. ''Equality" 
which he claims for man and woman is 
not sameness of talent, duty, mission or 
responsibility, it is not sameness of power, 
influence or authority.. He misquoted 
Scripture in saying that "the two shall 
be one." There is no such Scripture, and 
therefore his equation is false. The Bible 
says, "the twain shall be one flesh;" but 
this oneness of flesh is not personal, offi- 
cial, or spiritual oneness. The husband 
is the head of the wife^ and the woman is 
the glory of the man. To him belongs 
authority, but to her, the greater and 
nobler power of influence. He is the 
head; but she the crown, the glory of our 
common humanity. Such "equality" as 
Bro. Ely teaches is derogatory of woman, 
for it reduces her to the level with man; 
she is his superior! 

Woman has, however, no mission to 
work within a lodge ; she can better serve 
the objects of Masonry by being an out- 
side friend, as all good women are who 
understand its character; and ^Masonry 
can best serve her in the work of her 
mission, and in the way of protection, 
and relief, and redemption from bondage, 
by befriending her in the quiet precincts 
of her home. We, as Masons, war against 
the evils that threaten her, whether so- 
cial, political or ecclesiastical; but we 
leave her in the rear while we stand to- 
gether in the front. If a foreign foe in- 
vades our shores, we, in whose hands 
heaven has placed the sword, go forward 
without her. We do not, as did ancient 
Persians, embarrass our campaigns with 
our wives and mothers; and none but 
cowards would plead to stay at home, be- 
cause, as Bro. Ely teaches, their wives 
cannot join their regiment and go with 
them to battle. But enough of this. 

No. 26 and last. "A Mason's recog- 
nition of God is a" farce and delusion." 
I have always had more trouble in under- 
standing Bro. Ely than in refuting him. 
What he now means I can only guess. 
He says that the conception -of God as a 
Supreme Being is wTong. Yet reason 
and revelation teach it as truth! He can 
only mean, then, that this conception of 
God, though correct, is not full complete 
and adequate. But has Bro. Ely himself 
a perfect conception or understanding of 



7i\ 



CHRISTIAN CY.NOSUiRE. 



July, 1898. 



God? He says God must be learned in 
Christ, and he professes to have thus 
learned him. But his notion of the Di- 
vine Being differs widely from that of the 
Unitarian, the Calvinist, the Catholic, the 
]\Iethodist, and many other schools of 
Christians, all of whom profess to have 
honestly studied, God in Christ ; and yet 
they have formed different conceptions of 
him. They all agree, however, that he is 
Supreme; but with all their study of the 
Christian revelation, they do not agree as 
to God's other attributes. Now, what 
will Bro. Ely do with all these honest 
dissenters from his own views? Is their 
God a "farce and delusion?" Masons 
will be curious to know his answer. He 
lays his Bible upon his pulpit, margined 
with certain of his own interpretations, 
and requires others to accept them as a 
condition of his fellowship. But Masonry 
differs from all such sectarian schools. 
It lays the same Bible on its table and re- 
quires its initiates to accept it as the in- 
estimable gift of God to man, and as the 
rule and guide of their faith; but it leaves 
each one free to interpret it according to 
his own conscience and judgment. In 
Masonry, this freedom is a land-mark; 
and, therefore, diverse opinions do not 
disturb the harmony of our pursuits; for 
we are connected together by love, and 
not by unanimity. But in Bro. Ely's sys- 
tem these different opinions, instead of 
being held in liberty and love, become 
tests of orthodoxy and grounds of fel- 
lowship; and they divide his brethren in 
Christ into as many bickering sects as 
there are opinions! 

It may be expedient for the several 
churches to formulate their diversified 
conceptions of God, and Christ, and the 
Holy Ghost, and to make the acceptance 
of these notions the basis of denomina- 
tional fellowship : we do not discuss that 
question here. But such is not the policy 
of Masonry. If a man honestly accepts 
the creed and code already set forth in 
the first of these papers, we teach him to 
go on and search for more and still fur- 
ther light; but we leave him free to enjoy 
his advanced opinions unchallenged by 
his brother. Bro. Ely has been the Presi- 
dent of a college. Shall I regard the 
literary qualifications for entrance into 
his school as the full measure of all the 
knowledge imparted to his students? Are 
the terms of admission into his church 



the full amount of all the religious culture 
and attainments of his congregation? 
And yet he would make his readers be- 
lieve, if he could, that all that Masons 
know or learn of God, or duty, is stated 
in the few requirements for entrance into 
our Masonic school of virtue, science and 
religion! This I repeat is most illogical 
and unjust. 

Bro. Ely closes this discussion by quot- 
ing, as a resume, certain untrue and 
abusive words from Finney, a while 
professor in Oberhn College, who, he 
says had been a Mason! The extract 
shows to every intelligent person that if 
Mr. Finney had ever been a Mason, he 
had either a most incompetent master 
or no capacity for learning. I close, like 
my brother, with a few quotations; but 
they are from great and good men : 

A Mason's lodge is a school of piety. — 
Rev. Dr. Norval. 

Freemasonry is an institution based on 
universal love. — Dr. I. Burnes. 

Freemasonry is an institution founded 
on eternal reason and truth. — Dr. Dood. 

Freemasonry is an institution well cal- 
culated to benefit mankind. — Andrew 
Jackson. 

The g.reat object of Masonry is to pro- 
mote the happiness of the human race. — 
George Washington. 

Freemasonry inculcates an unceasing 
devotion to the cause of virtue and mor- 
ality. — La Fayette. 

The prosperity of Masonry is a means 
of strengthening our holy religion. — - 
Christian, King of Denmark. 

I know that the institution of Masonry 
is founded on the great principles of char- 
ity, philanthropy and brotherly love. — 
Bulwer. 

From its origin to the present hour, in. 
all its vicissitudes. Masonry has been the 
steady, unvarying friend of man. — Rev. 
Erastus Burr. 

Masonry is one of the most sublime 
and perfect institutions that ever was 
formed for the advantement of the gen- 
eral good of mankind. — Duke of Sussex. 
I have ever felt it to be my duty to 
support and encourage Freemasonry, be- 
cause it develops all social and benevolent 
affections. — Lord Durham. 

Freemasonry is noble in its adminis- 
tration ; it allows us to think and let think 
beyond the narrow, contracted prejudices 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSUiRE. 



71 



of bitter sectarians in these modern times. 
— Lorenzo Dow. 

Freemasonry is a moral order insti- 
tuted by virtuous men with the design of 
recaUing- the most subHme truths, and is 
founded on HberaHty, brotherly love and 
charity. — Arnold. 

The study of Freemasonry is the study 
of man as a candidate for a blessed eter- 
nity. It furnishes examples of holy liv- 
ing, and of conduct pleasing and accept- 
able to God. — Rev. Dr. Oliver. 

The Masonic system is a stupendous 
and beautiful fabric founded on univer- 
sal piety. It teaches us to rule our pas- 
sions, to have faith in and love for God, 
and charity for all mankind. — Stephen 
Jones. 

The laws — of Masonry — are reason 
and equity, its principles benevolence and 
love, its religion purity and truth, its in- 
tention peace on earth, and its disposition 
good will among men. — Rev. T. M. Har- 
ris. 

The principles of Freemasonry are 
based on pure morality — its ethics are 
the ethics of Christianity — its doctrines, 
those of patriotism and brotherly love, — - 
and its sentiments, those of exalted 
benevolence. — De Witt Clinton. 

I venerate the Masonic institution, be- 
cause when its principles are acknowl- 
edged and its laws and precepts obeyed, 
it comes nearest to the Christian religion 
of any institution I am acquainted with, 
in its moral effects and influences. — Rev. 
Fred Dalcho. John Aug. Williams. 

Harrodsburg, Ky. 



THE CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE. 



BY REV. H. H. HINMAN. 



The pending discussion between Pro- 
fessor Ely and Professor Williams, 
though wholly uncandid and inadequate 
on the part of the latter, is a decided de- 
parture from Masonic usage. Freema- 
sonry ifor more than seventy years has 
been under indictment for high crimes 
and misdemeanors. As an organization 
it has made no plea and has deigned no 
reply. Its members have maintained 
practically a conspiracy of silence. No 
grand lodge or other distinguished body 
of Masons has ever undertaken to defend 
the institution against the most impor- 
tant charges brought against it. In the 



language of Thaddeus Stevens, it hides 
itself behind its very enormities. This 
refusal to discuss, this conspiracy of si- 
lence, is one of the most dangerous fea- 
tures of this or any other institution. The 
public good demands that the real facts 
concerning the institution of Masonry 
be known to the public, and that its true 
relation to Christianity, public morals 
and civil justice shall be fully understood. 
Nothing prevents such a full and ample 
discussion except this conspiracy of si- 
lence, and hence of all conspiracies, it is 
the most dangerous to the public weal. 

In an age df public discussion, when 
all questions are sharply scrutinized, one 
would suppose that a body of intelligent 
men would be ashamed of such withhold- 
ing of the attention due to the pending 
indictment. It implies an arrogance of 
assumption which is as astonishing as it 
is painful. There is still reason to hope 
that there are candid, thinking men in 
the fraternity who will refuse to be par- 
ties to such a conspiracy and will con- 
sent to a full and candid investigation of 
the nature and relations of the Masonic 
institution. That a discussion of the 
oaths and penalties of Freemasonry 
would justify in the public mind their ex- 
istence and their continuation cannot for 
a moment be supposed. A full, (free, can- 
did discussion of the real facts would be 
the destruction of the institution. Be- 
cause eminent Freemasons know this to 
be true, they therefore insist on silence 
and secrecy as the essential elements of 
the institution. Whether a continued dis- 
cussion, a continued holding up the facts 
before the public mind, will ever break 
up this conspiracy of silence remains to 
be seen, but manifestly it is the duty of 
every Christian citizen and every lover 
of humanity to insist that it shall be 
broken up, and that secret societies, like 
all other institutions, shall be brought to 
the bar of public opinion, and there ad- 
judged according to their intrinsic mer- 
its. 

Oberlin, Ohio. 



Our interest in any reform will be pro- 
portion to our knowledge of it. And the 
best means of informing ourselves and 
others on this question and thereby deep- 
ening our interest in the subject is by 
readine The Cvnosure. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOiSURE. 



July, 1898. 



A MASON "ON SIGHT.' 



BY PROF. D. B. WILLSON. 



The campaign at the primaries and in 
the nominating convention against Sena- 
tor Quay over the Governorship in Penn- 
sylvania has failed. It remains to be seen 
next fall how the people of the State will 
pronounce upon the contest. 

John A\'anamaker was the most prom- 
inent leader of the opposition, and his 
speeches throughout the State have ex- 
cited attention far beyond its limits, and 
have been widely read. In the midst of 
the campaign, this merchant prince mar- 
red his Christian career by joining the 
]\Iasonic body. The Philadelphia Public 
Ledger for April ist had this item: 

"The unusual ceremony of creating a 
Alason on sight was conducted on Wed- 
nesday afternoon at the Masonic Temple, 
follow^ed by a banquet in the evening, 
with a number of prominent guests in 
attendance. The degrees were conferred 
in tliis way upon John Wanamaker, City 
Solicitor John L. Kinsey and Rabbi 
Krauskopf. The creation of members of 
the fraternity is said to be an exercise of 
the highest prerogative of the Grand 
Master. About 125 of the most promin- 
ent members of the order were present at 
the ceremony. Among the addresses 
made was one by Judge Pennypacker, 
who with Judge Gordon, was similarly 
honored by the Grand Master last year." 

This was a marring of a Christian 
career, which has been long and honor- 
able. Mr. Wanamaker was born in 1838 
and in his youth was secretary of the 
Philadelphia Y. M. C. A., and was thus 
closely associated with George H. Stuart, 
the President of the association. Mr. 
Wanamaker in early life went into the 
clothing business. He advertised large- 
ly and grew in wealth, and to-day is at 
the front in business enterprise. Nor did 
he intermit his religious work. He was 
for years President of the Philadelphia 
Y. M. C. A., and the Bethany Mission, 
inaugurated by him in Southwest Phila- 
delphia, grew into the Bethany Church, 
the names of whose pastors are widely 
known, such as Arthur T. Pierson and 
J. W. Chapman. He is now President of 
the Pennsylvania Sabbath Association. 

The act of the Grand Master is thus 



referred to ;by Dr. A. G. Mackey in his 
Masonic Lexicon, page 715, under 
"Making Masons at Sight:" "The pre- 
rogative of the Grand Master to make 
Masons at sight is described as the 
eighth landmark of the order. It is a 
technical term which may be defined to 
be the power to initiate, pass, and raise 
candidates by the Grand Master, in a 
lodge of emergency, or as it is called in 
the Book of Constitutions, 'An occasional 
lodge,' specially convened by him, and 
consisting of such Master Masons as he 
may call together for that purpose only; 
the lodge ceasing to exist as soon as the 
initiating, passing, or raising has been 
accomplished, and the brethren have 
been dismissed by the Grand Master." 
"The mode of exercising the prerogative 
is this: The Grand Master summons to 
his assistance not less than six other Ma- 
sons, convenes a lodge, and without any 
previous probation, but on sight of the 
candidate, confers the degrees upon him, 
after which he dissolves the lodge and dis- 
misses the brethren." 

Edmond Ronayne is quoted to us as 
follows : "Such Masons have ah the priv- 
ileges and rights of other Masons, and the 
only difiference in their case being that 
they are rushed through all the degrees 
without being proposed, balloted or ex- 
amined in the ritual, but they are stripped 
and put through all the degrading cere- 
monies and required to take all the oaths 
the same as other Masons. It is usually 
distinguished persons who are thus initi- 
ated, and only a Grand Master who can 
put them through, and generally only se- 
lect Masons are present." Thus it is, 
only distinguished persons. Men build 
up a character and gain a position by 
years of hard work, and then Masonry 
courts them. They have some end in 
view, and Masonry may help them. The 
young man wants to rise and joins the 
order. The older man wants some gain 
and closes with the tempter. 

Allegheny, Pa. 



Be not ye unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers; for wdiat fellowship 
hath righteousness with unrighteous- 
ness? and what communion hath light 
with darkness? and what concord hath 
Christ with Belial? or what part hath he 
that believeth with an infidel? — 2 Cor. 6: 
14, 15. 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



GOOD ADVICE TO WORKMEN 



REV. J. MILLIGAN WYLIE. 



No one denies that there may be legiti- 
mate organizations of laborers. That the 
followers of a trade should meet to con- 
sider how they may advance the efficiency 
of their occupation is not only allowable 
but is a duty. God requires us to be as 
capable as possible. The men whom God 
selected to build the Tabernacle "were 
filled with the spirit of God in wisdom 
and in understanding, and in knowledge, 
and in all manner of workmanship, to de- 
vise cunning works, to work in gold, and 
in silver, and in brass, and in cutting of 
stones, to set them, and in carving of tim- 
ber, to work in all manner of workman- 
ship." If labor organizations had for 
their object to be filled with the spirit of 
God in wisdom, etc., they would not 
think of meeting in secret. 

We all recognize that the provocation 
which leads these unions to adopt secret 
methods is the oppressions of employers. 
Secret methods are adopted as a means of 
self-defense, but self-defense soon degen- 
erates into selfishness, and selfishness be- 
comes rervenge, and instead of stopping 
with their rights they consider any advan- 
tage over an employer to be legitimate, 
and the labor union there stands before 
God and before the world in the sam.e 
class as the combined capitalists ; each 
watching to defeat the other. When 
members of any trade begin to plan in 
secret the public loses confidence in their 
uprightness, knowing that human nature 
is the same, and unless restrained by 
Christian love and the modifying influ- 
ence of public opinion it will become self- 
ish and intolerant. Unlimited power can 
be safely committed to but one person in 
all the universe and that being is the Car- 
penter of Nazereth, the now exalted Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

This tendency to selfishness is seen in 
the fact that these men thus united will 
forbid anyone from working whO' does 
not enter their secret order, even thoug^h 
such a man may be the best citizemof the 
community and may have conscientious 
and religious objections tO' joining the 
order; yet they ^vill allow him and his 
family to sufifer unless he unite with them 
in their close compact. No one can im- 
agine Jesus as a workingman acting in 



such a manner totward another carpenter. 
I believe that if the laboring class would 
simply proclaim their wrongs to the 
world and to the Son of Man at the right 
hand of God, that trusts and monopolies 
would melt before the fierce fire of public 
indignation w^hich the Holy Spirit would 
create in the breast of humanity. 

But so long as men adopt measures of 
retaliation, so long will they be left to 
fight their own battles. Let them show 
love for God and love for every needy 
man and appeal to those sources of relief 
which God has ordained, viz., his own 
power and Christian public sentiment; 
and adopting only Christian methods 
they will realize what they are now vainly 
seeking to secure. 

6358 Evans avenue. 



HOW THE CHURCH MAY HELP THE 
NEEDY. 



In a large Congregational Church in 
the midlands of England there was in 
operation a few years ago a very prac- 
tical plan of fraternal insurance. It be- 
gan in connection with a Young Men's 
Bible Class, which, during a period of 
nearly fifty years, had been able to run 
up a total enrollment of over 1,000. Per- 
haps the number of active members 
would at no time be over 150, probably 
more generahy about 100 to 125. Some 
remained connected with the benefit de- 
partment after they had ceased to be reg- 
ular attendants of the class and even 
some who had moved to other towns re- 
tained their connection with the class for 
a time by keeping up their dues. Per- 
haps it would be safe to say that 200 men 
in different vocations of life, some mar- 
ried and others unmarried, some living 
in the city and some not, would be about 
the usual number of members in the 
benefit department. Only members of 
the Bible class were eligible for member- 
ship. Members were admitted on pay- 
ment of a small initiation fee, without any 
severe medical examination. Small 
regular weekly or montly dues were as- 
sessed. In addition to these assessments 
there were various sums added during 
the year, as. for instance, the proceeds of 
their anniversary services and supper, 
which would rarely fail to add $100. Oc- 
casional thank offerings and small dona- 



OHRISTILA.N CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



tions would also find their way into the 
treasury. The ordinary class collection, 
however, was used for class expenses 
and missionary purposes. The money 
was wisely invested and carefully man- 
a^'ed. 

"if anv of the members were sick and 
in need! an allowance was made, medical 
atendance furnished, or paid for, and 
manv kindnesses shown. Of course, it 
frequently happened that the more for- 
tunate members who were quite able to 
pay all expenses when sick would remit 
alfclaim they might have upon the fund, 
while to thos'e who did need help it was a 
supreme blessing and a great comfort to 
knoAv that their case was cared for by 
Christian brethren. In case of death 
there were funeral expenses to meet and 
sometimes widows and orphans to care 
for, all of which was done in Christian 
love. It was possible for a member to 
get assistance in cases of sickness or 
death in his family by payment of addi- 
tional dues. 

There was also a convalescent fund 
through which a member could be sent 
to some health resort for a few days or 
w^eeks, as the case might require. It 
could hardly be termed a strictly self-sup- 
porting insurance society, for the fees 
were small and a considerable part of the 
money was from contributions rather 
than fees, but there was in it enough of 
the insurance feature to remove what has 
been called the "sting of charity."' It 
may be well to state that the church as a 
church had also a very thorough system 
of helpfulness for members in need who 
were not eligible for the Bible class bene- 
fits, monthly communion offerings, New 
Year collections and occasional bequests, 
with small invested funds, enabled the 
deacons in the name of the church to dis- 
tribute about $50 per month. A few of 
the beneficiaries were permanent, others 
temporary. 

Many of the churches in England have 
systematized methods of helpfulness and 
in some instances Sababth schools work 
a plan among the children whereby as- 
sistance is rendered in sickness or in 
death. 

It might be supposed that churches 
would be frequently imposed upon by 
the unworthy. Perhaps they were oc- 
casionally, but not often, and it certainly 
opened up a large field of usefulness 



which might well be entered by many- 
other churches. James Hyslop, 
Pastor Mt. Hope Congl. Church, De- 
troit, Mich. 



HOW TO AID WORKINGMEN. 



Our object in devoting this number to 
the exposition of the oppression of secret 
labor organizations is well expressed in 
the following words from the preface of 
Ezra A. Cook's ritual of the Knights of 
Labor. They apply with equal force to^ 
the long list of labor unions that have 
sprung up since this ritual was published: 

''A sincere desire to aid workingmen 
in their efforts to secure the greatest good 
to the greatest number; to make indus- 
trial and moral worth the true standard 
of greatness and to secure to workers the 
enjoyment of the wealth they create has 
led to the publication of this ritual of the 
Knights of Labor, together with an his- 
torical sketch of the order and its declara- 
tion of principles with quotations and 
comments. 

"This country is emphatically a work- 
ingman's country. Our moral, social 
and political opportunities are such as 
to make every citizen heir to an inherit- 
ance that 'millions of dollars could not 
buy. With an open Bible before him, a 
common school in every neighborhood,. 
a ballot in his hand and the government 
working by, with and for him, against 
caste and titled aristocracy; with a Fath- 
er Almighty in heaven and a Savior call- 
ing by his Holy Spirit; every working- 
man, however humble, is a capitalist, in 
the largest and best sense of the word. 

"In pledging secrecy and obedience to 
the organization of the Knights of Labor 
for life, he signs away the right of private 
judgment, as it relates to many affairs,, 
and becomes an abject vassal of a 'com- 
mittee,' who use him as a tool to further 
the interests of a great monopoly, which 
loves 'darkness rather than light, because 
its deeds are evil.' A monopoly which 
compels its members to become the ene- 
mies of those who oppose it. The assas- 
sin, so far as possible, of the weal of work- 
ingmen who will not join it. With arro- 
gance and oppression the order compels 
its members to resist the administration 
of law, when it conflicts 'with its supposed 
interests. It claims the right of monopo- 
lizing every industrial interest and while 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYXOiSUHE. 



Strengthening itself in this position at ev- 
ery possible point attempts to wage a 
war of extermination on all monopolies 
who question its right of supreme sway. 
Such, as we understand it, is the nature 
of this young and dangerous monstros- 
ity, which borrows from the graves of the 
dark ages the title ("Knight") long since 
made, in consequence of the progress of 
nations, a subject of just ridicule. 

''Since this order is sweeping in mem- 
bers from all parts of our beloved land, 
and has already wrested from many toil- 
ers the opportunity of enjoying the 
wealth that they have created, by destroy- 
ing it; having laid violent hands on their 
business and taken from them their 
W' ages ; since it has caused them in some 
instances to be murdered and to become 
murderers ; since it places them in a war- 
like attitude towards those persons and 
institutions which they should encourage 
and cherish, we publish this exposition. 
May it enlighten the minds of many 
brave and conscientious Knights of La- 
bor (who have unwarily been lured by 
the bait and caught in the snare), to re- 
pent of their want of circumspection, to 
confess and forsake this their sin and 
warn their neighbors of the fraud. 

''It is also our desire to save the many, 
who have not yet been humbled and de- 
graded by training in its ranks; the many 
who have not yet sold their birthright, in 
an hour when weary and oppressed by 
some scheming Jacob, for a mess of pot- 
tage, from joining the organization of the 
Knights of Labor. 
*'Shall mystic bands with cruel hands, 

Usurp and govern all the lands? 
From sea to sea, from pole to pole, 

Shall men profane God's name in 
vain 
In secret lodge for lust of Gain, 

And sell the body with the soul?" 

■"Let light now shine with power divine, 
To overthrow the base design 

Of those who toil the young to gain; 
Who strongly bind the noble mind. 

In slavery's chains — until they find^ 
They seek for libertv in vain." 



WHAT ARE THE OBJECTIONS TO 
LABOR UNIONS? 



It is by their oaths that secret societies 
maintain their strong grip on their vic- 
tims. The August Cynosure will show 
how this grip may be loosened. 



We do not speak of unions as they 
might be, but as they are. We believe 
that wageworkers should combine for 
mutual support and help, but we object 
to the unions as now conducted. 

1. Because they are secret. Secret or- 
ganizations are contrary to the example 
of Jesus Christ. He said, "In secret have 
I said nothing." They are also contrary 
to his command. He said, "Let your 
light so shine before men that they seeing 
your good works may glorify your Fath- 
er which is in heaven." There are many 
other objections to secret orders, but 
these are sufficient for Christians. 

2. We object to these unions because 
they are unjust. They demand the same 
wages for all their members. This is of 
no aid to the able and energetic, but it 
compels employers to pay to the careless, 
idle and worthless wages which they do 
not earn. And if these worthless men 
are discharged, the union orders a strike 
and competent men are denied the privi- 
lege of earning their daily bread until 
they are restored. This is stealing both 
from the good workmen and the employ- 
ers, and is a violation of the eighth Com- 
mandment. 

3. W' e object to them also because they 
are lawless. The leaders usually tell the 
men that they must be law-abiding, but 
it is known to all that strikes are almost 
never carried on without violence, intimi- 
dation, assault and murder. The sixth 
Commandment is violated, not occasion- 
ally, but constantly by the unions. To 
cry "scab" at a fellow-workman has in it 
the spirit of murder. 

4. We also object to them because thev 
are oppressive. The principle of the or- 
ders is: We will endeavor to compel all 
workers in our trade to unite with us, be- 
come subject to our laws, and if any will 
not do so we will endeavor to prevent 
them from earning bread for their wives 
and children. If these unions could have 
their way all workmen in their lines 
would be compelled to unite with them 
or starve to death. 

5. We object to them in general be- 
cause they supplant the laws of God and 
the laws of the State by their o\\ai enact- 
ments. Thev substitute for the rule of 



i6 



CHRISTIAN CYNOiSUiRE. 



July, 1898. 



the Bible, civil law and personal con- 
science, the edicts of a small minority of 
a secret lodge, and whatever it is needful 
to do to sustain their usurped power they 
undertake. How long men shall labor, 
what pay they shall receive, what ma- 
terial they shall use, to whom men shall 
sell goods, all these things they assume to 
decide, not for themselves but for others. 
God has given no such power to men. 
Christians cannot innocently be partners 
in such work. — Pres. C. A. Blanchard in 
Lodge Lamp of August, 1894. 



SLAVERY OF SECRET LABOR UNIONS. 



Another objection 10 secret labor or- 
ganizations is that in their conflict with 
the civil law they rob m^any of their ina- 
lienable rights. Our Declaration of In- 
dependence, as we have stated, and as 
you all know, secures to every man the 
pursuit of happiness, but never in the 
darkest ages of the world, under the 
most despotic government, has a worse 
tyranny been exercised than is practiced 
by secret societies in this free country, 
in these last years of the nineteenth cen- 
tury. They rob men of the right to win 
bread by honest labor except at their dic- 
tation. They say when men may work 
and when they must be idle. They pre- 
vent men from using their God-given 
powers as they are pleased to use them. 
At the close of our war, Whittier repre- 
sented the freedmen as singing, 
"We own a hoe, we own a plow, 
We own the hands that sow. 
We sell the pig, we sell the cow. 
But never a child be sold." 
The working man of the city cannot 
say that. The lodge claims to own their 
hands, and it says when they may work 
and how they may work. A winter or 
two since our New York papers gave the 
account of a man who was arrested and 
brought before the bar of justice for fail- 
ing to support his family. On the trial 
these facts came out: He said: "I am a 
blacksmith; I belong to the blacksmiths' 
union. I was working for $3 a day. The 
union decreed that I must not work short 
of $3.50 a day. My employer was not 
willing to give it, and so I was compelled 
to go idle. I would like to work, but I 
cannot work." That man had to go idle 
and his family had to suiTer. 

In the New York Tribune of the T4th 



of this month I read a special dispatch 
from this city. It said that a carpenter, 
I think by the name of C. S. Marks, land- 
ed in this city on that morning from 
Twin Lake, Wisconsin. He had with 
him a kit of carpenter's tools. As he 
stepped on the sidewalk he was met by a 
committee from the strikers. They ask- 
ed him if he belonged to the union. He 
said no. They said, 

"Then we will take your tools;" and 
they took his tools and carried them to 
their headquarters on Lake street. He 
appealed to the nearest police station. 
The captain said to him, 

"Are you a member of the carpenters' 
union?" 

"No, I have just returned from a job' 
of a month at Tv\^in Lake, Wisconsin." 

"Well," said the captain, "they took 
your tools from you because they were 
afraid you would go to work; I can't do 
anything for you." 

That was right here in this city of Chi- 
cago. Why, if there is justice, this city 
will be held at the bar of justice to make 
that man good for the loss which he has 
sustained by being deprived of the pro- 
tection that the law should afford him. 
Chicago has been awarded the World's 
Fair. I aYn glad of it. I am glad that it 
is to come here. But if the lodge steps 
in and says to men whose work may be 
needed in making the necessary prepara- 
tions, "You cannot be employed unless 
you put your neck under our yoke," then 
I say the lodge should be suppressed. 

I say the right to work is a right that 
God has given to every man, and that 
right ought to be defended. I remember 
when this conflict between labor and 
capital began. So far as I know, I print- 
ed the first labor advocate that was ever 
printed in this country in the interests- 
of the laboring men. My sympathies 
were wholly with them, and for this rea- 
son : The manufacturers had entered into 
a conspiracy under our laws, which are 
always rendered possible by preventing 
imports of their articles except at a high 
price, — they had entered into conspira- 
cies all around to raise the prices of their 
products. The men found out that these 
manufacturers were making themselves 
very rich on their labor, and so they in- 
sisted on higher wages, and my sympa- 
thy was with them. I did all f could to 
help them. I printed their paper. But 



July. 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



77 



when these labor unions took one step 
farther and said that a man cannot work 
unless he belongs to our lodge, then I 
quit them. I say that every man has a 
right to work on such terms as he pleases, 
and that freedom is a mockery that does 
not leave men free to work on the terms 
that they may agree upon with their em- 
ployers. 

If we knew it, we are in the first stages 
of the French Revolution. The reign of 
anarchy is upon us. The reign of the 
clubs is upon us. We are under its reign 
now. We say the people rule in Chica- 
go, but the clubs really rule in Chicago. 
And it is time that we see to these facts 
and to the dangers that threaten us on 
every hand. If it should take the whole 
power of our national government to de- 
fend a man in his right to work, that man 
should be defended. 

Here is where secret societies are do- 
ing what would not be tolerated from any 
other source. If our State Legislature 
should exercise the tyranny that these 
lodges exercise there would be a revolu- 
tion; men would not stand it. If your 
Legislature in Springfield should say, 
''Carpenters shall not work in Chicago 
except so many hours a day and at such 
wages an hour," every man who shoves 
a plane, who had the spirit of a man in 
him, would say, 'T work when I please, 
and now I take the consequences." And 
I say that it is time that this anarchy that 
is upon us was brought to an end. — Rev. 
B. T. Roberts. 



ATTITUDE OF LABOR UN IONS TOWARD 
NON-UNION WORKINGIVIEN. 



We are told that there are one million 
of men in the Lnited States belonging to 
some labor organization and that there 
are seven millions who do not. It will 
well repay the unprejudiced investigator 
to examine into the relations existing be- 
tween these two classes. AMiat is the 
course pursued by the union man toward 
his nonunion brother? It is sufficient to 
say that the military and other armed 
force employed at the scene of strikes- is 
as much needed to protect the lives of 
the nonunion men as it is to prevent the 
destruction of property. Will it be as- 
serted that the seven millions of nonun- 
ion laborers have no rights which the 
one million union men are bound to rec- 



ognize? Again, it is a fact well known to 
those who have paid attention to the sub- 
ject, that many of the members of labor 
unions have been forced into joining 
them, because a refusal to do so would 
result in ceaseless annoyances and acts 
of petty spite on the part of their com- 
panions that would make life intolerable, 
to say nothing of the social ostracism to 
which they would be subjected. 

It is safe to say that there is not a sin- 
gle member of a labor union possessing 
ordinary intelligence who would consid- 
er it of any use whatever in gaining a 
point with his employer to leave his ser- 
vice quietly, individually or in company 
with others, and seek work- somewhere 
else. It is his belief in his ability, in con- 
junction with his companions, to prevent 
other men taking his place that impels 
him to leave; and this he knows cannot 
be done without violence; therefore, the 
very existence of the institution of strikes 
is founded upon lawlessness. — H. F. 
Henry Jr., in the Social Economist. 



EVIL EFFECTS OF TRADES UNIONS. 



The following admirable summarv of 
the evil effects of trades-unions is taken 
from Francis Lieber's Political Ethics, 
\'ol. 2, pages 201-204. He is a high 
standard authority on such subjects and 
we trust our readers will carefully pon- 
der his words; 

*The evil effects of these trades- 
unions, as they have appeared of late, in 
many countries, may perhaps be summed 
up thus ; They are oppressive to the em- 
ployer, who cannot freely choose the 
workmen he prefers; they interfere with 
society at large, by interrupting the free 
course of demand and supply, create un- 
natural prices, or wholly interrupt en- 
tire branches of industry; thev necessar- 
ily, therefore, drive capital to other re- 
gions, where it will find its natural mar- 
ket, and thus the workman is injured; 
they promote idleness by procuring for 
the unskilled the same chance of labor, 
and. when once established, are oppres- 
sive to apprentices, of whom they "admit 
but a small number in order not to in- 
crease the number of workmen and con- 
sequently the chance of labor; thev in- 
timidate and oppress masters and those 
workmen who are not members; they 
promote expense and immoralitv amonq- 



IS 



OHRISTIAJ^ OYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



the members by the strikes, and have it 
always in their power to injure grievous- 
ly their employers by selecting periods 
for their strikes when they are under 
heavy engagements; they hurt them- 
selves by actually raising wages in many 
cases above the natural price, and thus 
make industry flow to other countries; 
they are more apt to adopt and follow 
their own code of morals, the more secret 
and unlawful they know their proceed- 
ings to be; they impose heavy taxes up- 
on the intimidated and fearfully support 
the guilty of their association. In brief, 
they form a most oppressive flagrant and 
unrighteous aristocracy, knowing no in- 
terest or moral code but their own. 

^ * ^' "Trades-unions are origin- 
ally voluntary associations, but they 
easily intimidate those workmen who 
will not join them; they force the masters 
to employ men of their union only; they 
fix the proportion of the number of the 
skillful workmen to the apprentices to be 
employed; they elect their overseer; they 
regulate wages and time of labor; and 
woe to him who disobeys. In many cases 
refractory workmen have 'been murdered, 
or were made blind by vitriol being 
thrown into their eyes. The colliers of 
Lanarkshire, taking advantage of the 
great demand for iron in 1835 and 1836, 
issued a mandate that no colliers should 
work more than three days or four in the 
week, and at the utmost five hours in 
each day. The order was implicitly 
obeyed, not only there but in many other 
counties. They held out several months, 
and the price of coal was immeasurably 
raised, so that the total loss from co-al 
monopoly and strike caused by the col- 
liers' combination in eighteen months 
amounted to £678,000 sterling. The 
master is forced to employ those whose 
turn it is on the list; thus the main in- 
ducement to skill and industry is an- 
nihilated, and the inferior workmen, 
always more numerous than the skillful, 
are encouraged. 

'T,o keep the union from increasing too 
much, a very large entrance fee is de- 
manded, and the time of apprenticeship 
made very long. High rewards are paid 
for discovering any disobedience, or even 
for 'unshopping,' that is, throwing out 
of employment, highly skillful hands. 
Secret oaths were taken to keep the first 
oath itself secret, to inform against re- 



fractory workmen, and even to pommit 
assassination of obnoxious masters, if 
commanded by the secret committee 
elected by intermediate elections. High 
sums were paid for assassination, the de- 
fense of the assassins carried on by com- 
mon expense, and false alibies easily 
sworn to. In single cases the unions 
must be almost always successful, be- 
cause, as was stated already, they select 
for their strikes those periods, if possi- 
ble, when employers are most embar- 
rassed and heavy bills are running 
against them, while those that strike are 
supported from the common fund. 

''The trades-unions wean the members 
from their families, and crimes, as is ex- 
hibited by statistical tables, have in- 
creased lamentably with their increase. 
The enormous losses which the com- 
munity at large has suffered during the 
fifteen years, when the unions have been 
in most vigorous action, and which were 
ultimately likewise sustained as a matter 
of course by the working classes, are in- 
conceivable. Never has aristocratic 
monopoly been probably carried out 
more sternly, ruinously, and barbarous- 
ly than by the Scottish trades-unions. If 
.it should be objected that the abuse here 
stated, and undeniably proved by judicial 
and pai:ient trials as well as by minute 
statistical inquiries, proves no more 
against trades-unions in- general than 
murders would prove the unlawfulness 
of keeping armies in general, we must 
observe that the cases are not the same, 
for trades-unions, if they are for the pur- 
pose of extorting higher wages, are in 
their principle unlawful as well as unjust 
on moral grounds ; that according to the 
natural course of things, according to the 
universal character of man, they must 
lead to oppression and great abuse, as 
they have done everywhere, though they 
need indeed not lead to assassination; but 
that with regard to this latter point we 
ought also to remember that these awful 
effects of trades-unions took place, not in 
nations where murder is common, but 
among the Scotch, a people not prone, 
by any means, to violent crimes." 



The Christian Conservator of Hunt- 
ington, Ind., has rendered valuable ser- 
vice to the cause by pu'blishing Bishop 
Jonathan Weaver's lecture on the lodge 
question. 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



79 



A MENACE TO THE COUNTRY. 



The report is published in reputable 
journals of the enlisting of minute men 
all over the country among laboring men 
for mutual defense against the aggres- 
sions of the great corporations of the 
land. It is not known that these minute 
men are armed at present, but it is ad- 
mitted that they will be drilled in the use 
of arms so that they will be servicable in 
a fight. The whole movement is pro- 
ceeding under cover of secrecy. It is 
denied that it is under the auspices of the 
Knights of Labor, yet Knights of Labor 
members probably make up the greatest 
part of the enlisted minute men. To us 
this is a menace to the peace of the coun- 
try. 

When men are being enlisted in secret 
and trained for taking the law in their 
own hands without sanction of govern- 
ment, it looks very much as if treason 
were lurking somewhere in the move- 
ment. If our governm.ent cannot protect 
us in our just rights, the time must be 
near when we will need a new one, and 
this movement may have significancy in 
that direction. It may be an intimation 
that the people are about to assume once 
more their original powers. We know 
not whereto this matter will grow, but 
to our minds there is something rather 
alarming in this movement of the "min- 
ute" men if correctly reported. It pro- 
ceeds on the supposition that officers 
and courts have failed to protect the 
working man as against his employers. 
It certainly should be a warning to the 
whole nation to do justly with all. 
"Righteousness exalteth a nation." — 
Christian Instructor. 



THEY MONOPOLIZE LABOR. 



W^hether governmental control of rail- 
roads, telegraphs and telephones would, 
as demanded by this order, be desirable 
in view of the vast increase of political 
power and temptation to corruption that 
would inevitably follow is at least que-s- 
tionable. Nor does it seem w4se, by 
abolishing the contract system, as to pub- 
lic improvements and purchases, to 
thereby prevent the competition, which 
bids and contracts afford, and thus vast- 
ly increase their cost. In No. lo of their 



"declaration," compulsory arbitration 
between employers and employes is de- 
manded. If the only question for arbi- 
tration was that of wages, this would not 
be so objectionable, but the Knights of 
Labor claim a complete monopoly of la- 
bor. Not only do they demand of mem- 
bers of their order the most abject, un- 
questioning obedience, even wlien per- 
sonally they have no grievance and to 
obey means great suffering, even for the 
necessaries of life, for themselves and 
families, but they say to employers, "you 
shall neither hire nor discharge a hand 
without our consent, for any reason, and 
we will fix the hours of labor and the 
wages that you shall pay." But the half 
has not yet been told: They say to every 
laborer, "join our gang or you shall have 
no work," and beginning with calling 
them names, such as "scab," and "rat," 
where freemen still refiise the lodge 
bondage, villification, intimidation, the 
boycott, violence and murder are resort- 
ed to; towards such laborers, and any 
who may dare to employ them, as scores 
of strikes have proved, where the only 
grievance was the employment of a few 
men who refused to join the Knights of 
Labor. The McCormick strike and riot 
and the two strikes of the Lake Shore 
railroad switchmen are fair examples of 
the demands of the order on this point. 
The only grievance claimed by the order 
in either case was the employment of half 
a dozen non-union workmen of sober, in- 
dustrious habits. — From Knights of La- 
bor Illustrated. 



Sister Hattie E. Powers, formerlv of 
Beacon Light Mission, Philadelphia, is 
now located at Northfield, Mass., at 
Wayside Inn, where she is conducting an 
anti-secret mission,^ giving chart talks 
and having books on sale. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 



The summer school of Wheaton Col- 
lege offers instruction to teachers in 
Latin, Greek, German, French, and Nat- 
ural Sciences; also Christian Evidences 
and ]\Iental Sciences, Music, art, etc. The 
student will nowhere find a more moral, 
healthful, restful retreat for study and re- 
cuperation than Wheaton. Try it. 



so 



CHRISTIAN' CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



©ur iijinpostum. 



SECRET LABOR SOCIETIES. 

Rev. H. L. Barkley, D. D. : Secret so- 
cieties can levy no special claims to any 
real rights in the government which are 
not the real and proper rights of each and 
ever}- citizen in the United States. When- 
ever any part of the governed, unknown 
to the other part, enters into, or gives as- 
sent to, any combine or organization, to 
which the 'other part is not allowed ac- 
cess or a fair and impartial knowledge, it 
naturahy creates suspicion, and justly, 
too. and opens the floodgates of revolu- 
tion and rebellion. 



H. 'M. Hugunin: — A few days ago I 
met a union printer in Chicago out of a 
job and looking for work. A day or two 
before that I had heard of a vacancy in a 
nonunion publishing house, and advised 
him to apply at once for the situation. I 
invited himi to go with me immediately 
and see about securing it. But no, he 
said he had first to go and obtain per- 
mission from his union to take work in 
a nonunion office. He came to me an 
hour or two later with (as I suppose) the 
requisite permission; but I was unable to 
help him, since the coveted situation had 
been already filled. I think this instance 
fairly illustrates the evil principles which 
the X. C. A. and the Cynosure oppose. 



A. J. ^IcKinney: — I was working as a 
paperhanger in this city (Pueblo), last 
month, and while purchasing material at 
a wholesale house, was accosted by a 
walking delegate of the Painters and Pa- 
perhangers' union of this city, who sug- 
gested that I had better be quick in join- 
ing the union if I expected to get work. I 
inquired if his union was oath-bound 
and he said it was. I told him I would 
not join any secret society. "Well," said 
he, with an air of insulted dignity, "if you 
continue to work you'll have to join the 
union, for the boys won't stand it." This 
suggestive threat was repeated during 
the conversation. I continued to work 
a few days, when my hitherto generous 
customers had no further work, and my 
former employer has no further use for 
me, though his union men are busy, as 



usual. He suggested that I had better 
not get the animosity of the boys. So I 
am confronted with the necessity of mem- 
bership in the union or the alternative of 
being unerriployed. I take the latter, and 
shall adhere to my Americanism and 
God-given liberty at cost of bread and 
butter, if need be. 

Samuel S. ^Montgomery : The public 
has begun to think that it is now time for 
the people of this city of St. Joseph to 
halt and see where they are drifting, and 
what precedent they are laboring to es- 
tablish, and by what forces they are be- 
ing propelled. Here we have a secret so- 
ciety after its regular meeting resolving 
itself into an indignation meeting and 
dictating to the school board. Such was 
the action of the Knights of Labor at 
their meeting last Monday night, and the 
leader of the disturbing element of the 
society, which is bound by oath to fur- 
ther the interests of each other, turned 
the gathering into an indignation meet- 
ing, and resolved itself into a permanent 
organization. For what? To dictate to 
the school board such persons as they 
in their judgment may think fit to teach 
,in our schools. Where is the end to this? 
What right has any secret society to dic- 
tate public affairs? What community 
will tolerate such? 



Rev. F. ^I. Foster: The number of 
societies is legion. Our danger is not so 
much from the large ones as those of 
more recent date. They present all 
kinds of pretexts as reasons for public 
favor and patronage. The insurance 
feature is one of Satan's masterpieces; 
not a few are drawn in by this net. Some 
of our members have yielded, accepting 
membership in the Royal Arcanum for 
these supposed Avorldly advantages. One 
congregation in this city lost several 
through insurance in this society. Ru- 
mor has it that not all our sessions re- 
gard membership in this order as a viola- 
tion of the churches covenant. Those 
who will read the obligation must be con- 
vinced that the Royal Arcanum is a se- 
cret society and membership in it incon- 
sistent and wrong. These small societies, 
such as labor unions, college fraternities, 
etc., are more dangerous than ^lasonry 
itself. They slay more good people and 
teach the doctrine of secrecv. It has 



Julv. 1S9S. 



GHRISTIAX CYXOSURE. 



81 



come to pass that you can hardly buy or 
sell, or be a mechanic, or get work unless 
YOU bow to Baal. Blow the trumpet in 
'^lount Ephraim. for there is noise of 
war! The enemy is invading our liber- 
ties! 



K. A. Orvis: Since I came out of the 
lodge I have endeavored to inform my- 
self as to the nature of all secret societies 
from Freemasonry, as the parent body, 
down to the Grange and Knights of La- 
bor and all intermediate orders, and in 
so doing I find that the same general 
principle runs through the whole lamilv. 
that of selfish benevolence or favoritism, 
and are only so many feeders and step- 
ping stones to the parent society. A 
blow aimed at one of the minor orders is 
felt by the whole family, and arouses the 
venom of the entire brood. We are 
told by ^lasonic authorities that they 
cannot conceive of anything more that 
the soul of man needs than is furnished 
by their rites and ceremonies, thus ex- 
cluding entirely the need of Christ as a 
Savior from sin, and even exclude His 
name from all their worship. The hymn. 
'T Xeed Thee Every Hour."' meets with 
no response in their faith or ceremonies. 
Surely if ^lasonry needs no Christ. Chris- 
tians need no ]\Iasonry. for the Bible 
says, "God shall supply all your needs ac- 
cording to the riches of His grace in 
Christ Jesus our Lord.*" li this is true, 
how inconsistent it is for Christians to 
seek to supply a supposed need by join- 
ing a Christless lodge of any kind when 
God's storehouse is open and full and at 
our command, having only to ask and re- 
ceive that our jov mav be full. 



H. Copeland: Lifinite wisdom, 
prompted by infinite love, has ordained 
three associations for the well-being of the 
human race, viz., the family, the church 
and the ci\-il government, and any man 
who will faithfully do his duty in these 
three will have neither time nor money 
to spend in the lodge room. But ever 
since the fall a restiveness under divine 
restraint is conspicuously present in the 
lives of men, hence the names and num- 
ber of lodges are legion, as if the creature 
could outwit the Creator. But to one 
who has for a lifetime been identitied 



with the laboring class, it seems a duty to 
inquire: Are trades-unions a benefit to 
the working man? I say no, and for the 
following reasons: These unions have 
to be supported by money that belongs 
to the workingman's family. Do you say 
the unions keep up the price of labor as 
much or more than they cost? Again I 
say no, for these labor combinations dis- 
courage capitalists from investing their 
capital in anything requiring labor, so 
turn their capital into other channels. 
This necessarily reduces the amount of 
labor to be done and in the same propor- 
tion increases the laborers. 

Again these unions are in direct oppo- 
sition to free commerce. Labor is a mar- 
ketable article, as much so as the products 
of the farmer, the prices of which -sWll 
fluctuate in proportion to the demand 
and supply, which is the only legitimate 
means of governing prices. Every other 
means will ultimately prove a failure. 
Every man has as just a right to say what 
he can aftord to pay for labor as the la- 
borer has to say what he must have for 
his labor. The contract must be mutual. 
Otherwise anarchy only prevails. This 
would be destructive of free government. 
Lnions deprive the workingman of his 
natural right to work for whom, when 
and where he pleases; just as much so as 
the farmer has to choose his own market 
for his produce. Both the workingman 
and the farmer are. or ought to be. their 
own arbiters in such matters. But trades- 
unions assume the right to lord it over 
the workingman, telling him when and 
where to dispose of his own capital, and 
to disobey at his peril. 

The employer and the employe have 
the sole right to say when work is to be 
stopped or resumed. But again the rtil- 
ing faction of the union interposes as um- 
pire and orders \\'lien work shall be stop- 
ped or when it may be done, suit who it 
may. This involves strikes which are 
only another name- for mob law. Such 
dictation makes slaves of free men, and is 
subversive of civilization. It is the bind- 
ing duty of man to provide for himself 
and all who may be dependent on him 
to the best of his ability, and it is his pre- 
rogative to select the best time and means 
to this end. But when he barters off this 
right into the hands of a walking dele- 
gate who is being paid with money that 
ought to buy bread for his familv, he is 



82 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



selling his birth-right for a mess of pot- 
age. 

Brother workmen, it belongs to you 
and me to decide whether our employer 
suits us or not, or whether we can better 
ourselves, and as free citizens, of a free 
flag, to better our situation when we 
judge best. The employer has the same 
right. This is the law of reciprocity, and 
accords with a free government. The 
legitimate fruits of unions are opposed 
to both, and contribute to anarchy. We 
are therefore forced to the conclusion 
that to the workingman unions are not 
profitable, but evil only. 



€5ttDriaL 



CUT IT SHORT. 



Reader, cut this out and memorize it, 
especially if you are one of our contribu- 
tors. In these days when men travel by 
lightning, talk by telephone, crowd mes- 
sages into telegrams and write letters on 
postal cards, you can't afford to write 
long articles, and others can't afford to 
read them. Write frec|uently, but be 
sure and boil it down. 
When you've got a thing to say. 
Say it! Don't take half a day. 
Where your yarn's got little in it, 
Crowd the whole thing in a minute. 
Life is short — a fleeting vapor — 
Don't fill our forty-page paper 
With a tale which, at a pinch. 
Could be cornered in an inch ! 
Boil her down until she simmers, 
Polish her until she glimmers. 
When you've got a thing to say, 
Say it! Don't take half a day. 



HOW THE DUES ARE KEPT UP. 



A New York morning paper gives 
light on how the dues are kept up in 
trades-unions. It says: "The walking 
delegates have adopted a drastic plan to 
get delinquent members of their respec- 
tive unions to pay up. They have de- 
cided to make regular tours of the shops 
and buildings, from the Battery to Har- 
lem, ordaining strikes where delinquent 
mem.bers are found at work. By this 



means the delegates think they will com- 
pel all delinquent members to pay up. 
The plan 'was reported at the meeting of 
the board of walking delegates and en- 
dorsed. 



MASONRY WRONG IN PRINCIPLE. 



What a thing was in essential principle 
few statesmien were better qualified to dis- 
cern than Daniel Webster. He penetrates 
to the heart of this question when he 
writes in a letter dated at Boston: ''I 
have no hesitation in saying that however 
unobjectionable may have been the orig- 
inal objects of the institution, or however 
pure may be the motives and purposes of 
the individual members, and notwith- 
standing the many great and good men' 
who have from time to time belonged to 
the order, yet, nevertheless, it is an insti- 
tution which, in my judgment, is esseni- 
tially wrong in the principle of its for- 
mation; that from its very nature it is li- 
able to great abuses; that among the ob- 
ligations which are found to be imposed 
on its members there are such as are en- 
tirely incompatible with the duty of good 
citizens." 



A GREAT JURIST. 



Among the judges who have sat on the 
highest bench Chief Justice John Mar- 
shall is more than eminent; he is pre-emi- 
nent. He holds a place in American his- 
tory that is exclusively his own. 

Like Washington, he becam.e a Mason 
when young, but afterward neglected its 
puerilities. In a letter to John Bailey,. 
Esq., he wrote: "I have been in a lodge 
but once, so far as I can recollect, for 
nearly forty years." 

The decision of this great jurist respect- 
ing Masonry deserves the respect accord- 
ed to other decisions given by that chief 
of the supreme bench upon whom it de- 
volved to interpret and settle a nation's 
constitution. This is his decision given 
in a letter to Hon. Edward Everett, the 
great orator and statesmen: "The insti- 
tution of Masonry ought to be abandon^ 
ed, as one capable of producing much 
evil, and incapable of producing any good 
which might not be effected by safe and 
open means." 



July, 1898. 



OHRilSTIAN CYNOSURE. 



83 



WHERE A SEARCHLIGHT IS NEEDED. 



In reviewing our publications on the 
evils of secret labor unions, we are im- 
pressed that we have not turned the 
search light enough upon this part of the 
enemv's works. We have been too ex- 
clusively employed in discussing the 
evils of Freemasonry, while the spawn 
of lodgery called the^'minor" secret or- 
ders and especially secret labor unions 
have not received sufficient attention. In 
the future we will try more to demon- 
strate by indisputable facts that they 
form part of a great system of Babylonian 
pride and Egyptian darkness. If Ma- 
sonry and Oddfellowship have felt se- 
verely the attacks upon their strongholds, 
they are making good all losses by train- 
ing up an army of young men whose con- 
victions are paralyzed in respect to secret- 
ism by the swarms of orders which cover 
the hook of lodgery with the bait of mu- 
tual protection, business aid, insurance, 
g'ood-fellowship, patriotism, etc. The 
people should understand the nature and 
effects of these orders — how they are put- 
ting the ''mark of the beast" on every 
man's forehead and in his hand, and 
yoking him to a system that will enslave 
his conscience, weaken his faith, squan- 
der his means, alienate his household and 
debauch his character. 



•THEY REST FROM THEIR LABORS 
AND THEIR WORKS DO FOL- 
LOW THEM," 



The following brief memorial was pre- 
pared by a committee of which Rev. J. P. 
Stoddard was chairman at the last annual 
meeting of our Association: 

"It is with gratitude we recognize the 
goodness of God in sparing so many of 
the veterans whose long and faithful op- 
position to the secret works of darkness 
merit our highest commendation, and we 
thankfully acknowledge our indebtedness 
for their co-operation, their contribu- 
tions and their prayers, and we pray that 
they may be spared to witness greater 
victories in the cause so dear to their 
hearts. 

"We also wish to record our heartfelt 
appreciation of the noble. Christian char- 
acter and self-sacrificing devotion to our 



reform cause, of those of our number who 
during the past year have entered their 
rest and received the crown; among 
whom are Bros. Caleb Lyons, M. L. 
Worcester, Wm. C. Bissell, Rev. A. J. 
B'olen, Bro. and Sister Amzi A. Johnson, 
Ezra C. Wyatt, Daniel Powers, Rev. 
Ebenezer S. Bunce, Thos. Kingsworth, 
John Shuh, Sumner Avery, J. B. Mat- 
thews, and others. We extend to their 
kindred and friends our Christian sym- 
pathies, and prayers commending them 
to the God of all grace and consolation 
for his favor which is life, and loving 
kindness which is better than life." 



THE SCHWENKFELDERS AND THE 
LODGE. 



The above denomination, at their last 
conference 'in Pennsylvania, revised their 
constitution on the lodge question so that 
chapter 12 reads as follows: 

"Secret societies are to be condemned 
as foolish in their origin, development 
and historical claims; as childish in their 
performances, as selfish and exclusive in 
their constitution and aims. They allow 
a priesthood without piety, a member- 
ship without morality, and a hope of 
heaven without holiness of heart. They 
are capable of producing much evil and 
are incapable of producing any good 
which might not be effected by safe and 
open means. They cannot claim the best 
in any man. The single distinctive ele- 
ment of secrecy makes the oath-bound 
society injurious in its effects on society 
and the individual. Membership in the 
least objectionable of them shuts a man's 
mouth against the principle of secrecy, 
brings him into the general lodge system, 
opens a natural door to the other orders 
more objectionable, and so far as the or- 
der is secret at all tends to a selfish, clan- 
nish and derisive spirit in society. If seri- 
ous reputable citizens join the less ob- 
jectionable of these societies their exam- 
ple tends to encourage others to become 
mennbers of those whose influence is still 
more pernicious; while some of these so- 
cieties are less objectionable than others, 
yet whenever the ohligation to secrecy is 
attached to them they should be shunned, 
and we earnestly exhort all our members 
to keep clear of the '\Vhole system." 



S4 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



CASE OF TRADES UNION TYRANNY. agitator as to attain to the office of May- 



The following- is one of many cases il- 
lustrating how secret labor unions in this 
city have for years past terrorized and 
maltreated those who refused to yield 
their necks to their galling yoke. The 
account is taken from the Chicago Rec- 
ord of Dec. i6, 1896: 

O. F. Armstrong, a pressman who had 
been out of work for some time, obtained 
employment at Donohue & Henne- 
berry's last week, when the strike was de- 
clared. Two days later the friend who 
recommended him was waylaid on his 
way home and beaten into unconscious- 
ness. O. F. Armstrong, after leaving 
work last night, rode home on the Lake 
*'L" road, and left the train at Sacramen- 
to avenue. At Walnut street he passed 
two men w^ho ordered him to stop, but 
Armstrong, who was unarmed, started 
to run. The men gave chase and the 
pressman, seeing he had no chance of 
reaching his home, ran up the steps lead- 
ing to the residence of J. M. Coughlin, at 
694 Walnut street. He tripped and fell 
before reaching the door and his pur- 
suers proceeded to kick him in the face 
until his nose w^as broken, his eyes 
blackened, and his mouth badly cut. All 
these injuries were inflicted by the men's 
boots, while they accused him of work- 
ing for Donohue & Henneberry. When 
he was covered with blood and almost 
unconscious the men took pains to de- 
clare themselves trade-unionists and ran 
away. The people who had been attract- 
ed to the spot by the noise carried the 
wounded man to the nearest drug store, 
where his wounds were dressed, when he 
was taken home. The Pressmen's 
Union voted to continue the help now be- 
ing extended to the Donohue & Henne- 
berry strikers for another six months. 



INSTIGATOR OF LABOR RIOTS. 



Ezra A. Cook, in his book "Knights of 
Labor Illustrated," shows that Terrence 
V. Powderly and the Knights of Labor, 
of which he was so long the head, were 
largely responsible for the labor mobs of 
1877. After proving from their own pub- 
lished history that Powderly joined the 
order in 1876, the author says: 

"As he was so very prominent a labor 



or of Scranton, Pa., in 1877, the time of 
the greatest and most general labor trou- 
bles in this country; when great mobs, 
as professed champions of labor appear- 
ed in most of our large cities and de- 
stroyed over $3,000,000 worth of rail- 
road property in Pittsburg, Pa., alone,^ 
and were only suppressed after much 
bloodshed — in Pittsburg over 100 being 
killed, is there not reason to believe that 
Powderly was already at the head of the 
Knights of Labor? We are told that 'so 
\vell were the secrets of the order guard- 
ed that not even the name was divulged 
until 1 88 1, and then only by the approval 
of the proper authorities.' Of course the 
proper authorities of the order would not 
wish to have it known that they were re- 
sponsible for such loss of property and 
life. The fact that Mr. Powderly was 
then a Knight of Labor and so promi- 
nent as to be elected Mayor of a city like 
Scranton, and that while Mayor of that 
city 'he was active in bringing together 
the scattered threads of the order, to 
form the first General Assembly in 1878,' 
and yet did it all so secretly that the name 
of the order even was unknown to the 
j)ublic for three years more is very sig- 
nificant, and it requires no stretch of im- 
agination to believe that this secret order 
was the instigator of those labor mobs, 
which shook the nation in 1877 and did 
not dare reveal the existence of the order 
for the next four years. 



REMEDY FOR LABOR TROUBLES. 



In this Cynosure we have perhaps 
emphasized the danger from secret labor 
organizations more than the remedy. In 
showing their failure as a cure we wish 
also to point out the only true remedy. 

1. It is in the application of the gospel 
law, ''we that are strong ought to bear 
the infirmities of the weak." ''Bear ye 
one another's burdens," and so fulfil the 
law of Christ. The labor question can- 
not be settled until it is put on the rock 
where Christ put it when he said : "All 
things whatsoever ye would that men 
should do unto you do ye even so unto 
them." 

2. Workmen should practice economy 
and spend their wages only for the neces- 
saries of life. In spending them in the 
saloon they save nothing for hard times 



July, 1898. 



CHiRlSTTAJ^ GiYNOSURE. 



85 



and are thus made dependent on em- 
ployers. The saloon is the poor laboring 
man's worst enemy. If the money they 
spend over saloon counters was spent in 
securing hoxxxes, or laid up for an emer- 
gency it 'Would give them great advan- 
tage in standing for their rights. Em- 
ployers too often take advantage of the 
necessities of their workmen. 

3. A co-operative system between la- 
bor and capital must be established so 
that machine owners will not derive all 
the profit of labor-saving machinery. 

4. PoHtics must be purified so that the 
expense of government will be reduced, 
and its burdens of taxation may not rest 
so heavily upon the homes oi the poor. 

5. The present tendency in this coun- 
try of real estate towards large ho'ldi-ngs 
must be arrested so. that it will be within 
the reach of the poor. 

6. Reform in government should be 
waged against the policy of dividing the 
people into two classes, the rich and poor, 
the oppressor and the oppressed, and to 
allow on the side of the oppressor, power, 
protection, class legislation and military 
support. 



HOW THEY ENSLAVE CONSCIENCE. 



A serious feature of all labor unions is 
their attempt to coerce the conscience 
and drive rough-shod over its most 
sacred convictions. Some time ago Rev. 
L. A. Detzer, former pastor of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church at Adrian, 
Mich., wrote us his experience. The A. 
O. U. W. was strongly represented in his 
congregation and secured the passage of 
a resolution that the pastor shall be 
obliged to officiate at funerals of lodge 
members of his congregation and to rec- 
ognize fully the lodge in their regalia 
and to harmonize completely with the 
lodge and officiate with their chaplain at 
the burial service. The pastor had pre- 
viously refused thus to officiate if the so- 
cieties attended in a body with their 
regalia. He claimed that it was a matter 
of conscience with him, as well as an or- 
der of the denomination, and higher still, 
a command of God to ''have no fellow- 
ship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them." 

An opportunity soon came to try the 
pastor's conscience. Ludwig Schaaf, a 



member of the A. O. U. W. and the Ger- 
man Workingmen's Society, died and his 
lodge demanded the right to conduct his 
funeral service in the church and that the 
pastor officiate. Rev. L. A. Detzer re- 
fused and the service w^as conducted at 
the home of the deceased by another 
minister. The lodge then proceeded to 
work up a feeling against the pastor, and 
soon after at a church meeting he was 
asked to resign. This was done in terms 
which implied a dishonorable dismissal. 
He was popular both in his congregation 
and in the city, say the Adrian papers, 
but the lodge opposition was so strong 
that he was obliged to leave. 

This is an illustration of one of the un- 
warranted and blasphemous assumptions 
of the lodge in attempting to perform a 
function of the church. We say it is 
blasphemous because its prayers and rit- 
uals are Christless and there is no accept- 
able worship except through Christ. 
These societies are worldly and largely 
composed of unconverted men, and their 
almost universal practice in the funeral 
service of" their deceased members is to 
claim that they, irrespective of their re- 
ligion, are promoted to the "lodge 
above." This is false and calculated to 
prove a dangerous delusion to those who 
are out of Christ. The despotism of the 
system is seen in the fact that it attempts 
to domineer over the pastor and the 
church and trample upon the most sacred 
rights of conscience. 



LODGE ENSLAVED LABOR. 



The Messiah Baptist Church in this 
city some time ago decided to erect a new 
place of v/orship. It had $1,000 in its 
treasury, and succeeded in borrowing 
$2,500 more. The plans were drawn and 
various contractors figured on the work, 
but after all had figured it was found 
that the lowest was $5,000, or $500 more 
than was at the command of the board 
of directors. In its extremity the Rev. 
Howland Hanson, pastor of the fiock, 
came to its assistance. Before donning 
the ministerial garb he had driven nails, 
and crawled along many a ridge-pole 
shingling roofs in the capacity of a jour- 
neyman carpenter. Although of late it 
had been used principally in turning over 
the pages of holy writ and shaking hands 



86 



OHRliSTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



with the brethren and sisters on prayer 
meeting nights, it had not forgotten its 
cunning, nor did his mind shrink at the 
idea of again donning bhie overalls and 
facing the sun's rays on the heights of a 
scaffold. He would go to w^ork on the 
building and save the wages of a carpen- 
ter, who would have to be employed to 
do the work. In this way the structure 
might be completed within the bounds 
of the amount of funds on hand. 

The Rev. Mr. Hanson, however, had 
ne2:'lected to secure for himself a card in 
the Carpenters' Union, and while the 
men were perfectly willing to go to his 
church on Sabbath and listen to his ser- 
mons, they objected strenuously to him 
climbing ladders on the sides of the 
building, and doing work that belonged 
to them. For, they said, none of their 
members ever attempted to occupy the 
pulpits of the regularly ordained minis- 
ters on Sabbath. And so it happened 
that when the walking delegate of the 
Carpenters' Union went around yester- 
day and found the Rev. Mr. Hanson 
making considerably more noise with his 
hammer than came from that of the one 
union man — and the only other man — ^on 
the building, he gazed in amazement and 
asked for an explanation. After one had 
been given, the delegate in a solemn 
voice said that it could not be and that 
he would be compelled to declare a 
strike. 

Slowly the one union man removed his 
overalls and wrapped his saw and ham- 
mer up in them. Slowly the eyes of the 
anxious preacher wandered from the face 
of the one union man to that of the walk- 
ing delegate, but not one expression of 
a thought to relent could he find in either. 
Neither did the appeal which he made a 
minute later have any effect, and the two 
men left, with the strike in full force, 
after having remarked: "Come down to 
the captain's ofifice." The minister was 
at headquarters yesterday afternoon, and 
he related his tale of woe to those high in 
authority in the councils of the carpen- 
ters. They had no hesitancy in telling 
him that they sympathized with him, but 
when he left the strike was still on. — 
Chicago Record. 



If you do not see what you want ask for it. 

Question — What are Masonic consti- 
tutions; and what are they for? — J. R. W. 

Answer — The Masonic Constitutions is 
the title of ^a book compiled in 1723 by 
James Anderson, one of the founders of 
our present Masonic system and are real- 
ly the basis of all Masonic law. They are 
now of no further use than merely to 'be 
referred to as an old document and are 
usually handed tO' the master of a lodge 
at his installation. 



Question — What are Masonic land- 
marks; and what do they do? — S. R. T. 

Answer — Masonic landmarks are cer- 
tain principles laid down by the fathers 
of our present system for the guidance of 
the craft. They are found in Mackey's 
Manual and are unchangeable. 



Question — Is there any central body or 
ofBcer that has authority over all others 
in the world — a kind of grand lodge over 
grand lodges, or grand master, like a 
Gypsy king? — J. D. P. 

Answer — No; the grand lodge oi each 
State or country is supreme in itself 
and knows no higher authority. 



Question — Can an appeal respecting 
the construction of a Masonic lajw, on 
the application of a Masonic principle, 
be carried by a private member of a 
subordinate lodge by further appeal tO' 
any authority above the grand lodge 
having local jurisdiction? — ^J. W. 

Answer — No. There is no appeal ex- 
cept to the grand lodge of the State or 
province or country where a grand lodge 
exists. The grand lodge is the highest 
court or court of last appeal. 



Question — Has Masonic expulsion any 
eflfect beyond itself — F. W. R. 

Answer — No. Except that affiliated 
Masons can hold no Masonic intercourse 
with an expelled or even a suspended Ma- 
son. 



Never forget to pray for The Cyno- 
sure and its workers in the field. 



Question — Who makes the changes in 
the Masonic ritual.? — ^J. M. D. 

Answer — Nobody. The Masonic rit- 
ual is never changed, and never can be, 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAiX CYNOSURE. 



87 



but yet each grand lodge has sHght ver- 
bal distinctions as to its ritual differing 
from that of others. 'There is no uni- 
formity of work," yet all are essentially 
the same. 

Question — Are Masons obliged to do 
anything with reference to an expelled 
Mason except to treat him as they would 
any person who had never joined a lodge? 
— W. R. T. 

Answer — No. See answer to question 
above. 



Question — Do not the terms of the 
ritual, lecturers and all elements of initia- 
tion take precedence of State grand lodge 
decisions and interpretations of Masonic 
law given in Masonic books, and cannot 
appeal from such decision and books be 
made to the ritual? — L. N. W. 

Answer — The grand lodge is the hig^h- 
est court, from whose decisions there can 
be no appeal, but no grand lodge can 
make decisions contrary to the Masonic 
ritual set forth by that grand lodge. 



Question — Is not Masonry self-contra- 
dictory to an extent that makes it depend- 
ent on the ignorance of some members, 
and the viciousness or irreligiousness of 
many others for the perpetuation of some 
of its worst features? — J. W.. Y. 

Answer — This question is ambiguous. 
Every Mason, ignorant or learned, must 
obey his Masonic obligation, ''the laws, 
rules and regulations" of his lodge and 
of the grand lodge under penalty of ex- 
pulsion, as in Dr. Jackson's case at Hart- 
ford, Conn. 



Question — Is it true that any fixed 
safeguard makes the essentials of Ma- 
sonic ritual and obligation unchangeable? 
— S. W. 

Answer — Yes. It is a landmark that, 
"It is not in the power of any man or body 
of men to make innovations in the body 
of Masonry." 



Question — What is the most authori- 
tative form of the oath taken with the 
fifth libation?— R. T. 

Answer — ^There is no "fifth libation" in 
Masonry. There is such a thing, we are 
truly told, in another and different order, 
called Knight Templarism, but while 
Knight Templars must first be Masons, 



yet Knight Templarism is hot Alasonry. 

Question — How many draughts of 
wine does the candidate drink in one 
evening when he takes the Templar and 
Malta degrees? — D. L. M. 

Answer — Same as to last question. 



Question — Is not the place of the Bible 
in the lodge secure in spite of all pretend- 
ed claims and interpretations? — C. W. K. 

Answer — The Bible is the revealed will 
of God concerning sin, man's obligation 
to God and duty to his fellow man, and 
also concerning man's salvation by and 
through the Lord Jesus Christ alone, and 
as such the Bible has no place whatever 
in the lodge. In the lodge the Bible is a 
mere symbol, and no more; but even then 
its place it not near as secure as that of 
the square and compass. The Koran or 
Shasters may be used as well as the Bible. 



Question — Is not the assurance alleged 
by the exposures to be given to the candi- 
date as the understanding by which his 
oath is covered a sufficient guarantee of 
his right to private judgment of other 
duties as superseding Masonic obliga- 
tions in special cases? Would it not stand 
as such in civil law? — F. R. W. 

Answer — The assurance given to the 
candidate before taking the obligation is 
a snare and a falsehood; but yet, having 
once taken the Masonic oath he is bound 
to stand by it, every bit of it, "right or 
wrong." This is true Masonic law. "A 
Mason must yield private judgment." 

Question — Are not many of the claims, 
interpretations and decisions made in the 
name of Masonry arrant humbue^— 
W. S. 

Ans^ver — Freemasonry is a "humbug" 
throughout. It is simply a lie all over. 

An editorial in the Knights and Ladies 
of Security says: "To the fraternal so- 
ciety which has not made provision for 
the future, death, and only death sure and 
certain, stares them in the face. There is 
not one of these organizations whose 
leaders do not know this and fully real- 
ize it." If these organizers know that cer- 
tain death awaits their orders, ought 
they not to come under the ban of the 
law the same as a bank for receiving 
money when it is known to be insolvent? 



ss 



OHRilSTIAN CYNOiSURiE. 



July, 1898. 



IeiU0 of ©ur Pori 



AMiile in Chicago in May, Rev. J. P. 
Stoddard, by special vote was allowed to 
address a conference of fifty Lutheran 
ministers on the lodge question. 



Rev. S. F. Porter is spending the sum- 
mer at Wahpeton, Dak., preaching and 
organizing Sabbath schools. He still 
improves every favorable opportunity to 
bear testimony against the secret lodge 
svstem. 



President C. A. Blanchard spoke on 
the lodge question before the annual 
conference of the Brethren Church in 
May, at Burlington Park, near Naper- 
ville. He had an audience of about 5,000, 
and his address was enthusiastically re- 
ceived. 



"Some of our Knights of Pythias," 
v^Tites Prof. Simpson Ely, ''visited a 
neighboring town last Lord's day to cele- 
brate 'Memorial day.' They commem- 
orated their beloved dead by getting on a 
big drunk. It was equal to 'an Irish 
wake.' Such are the beauties of Knight- 
hood!" 



The Norwegian Lutheran Synod of 
Wisconsin met the last of June in the 
Coon Prairie, Wis., church. The special 
subject of discussion was the lodge ques- 
tion. More aggressive work on this is- 
sue will be pushed by this denomination 
all along the line. 



The cause of anti-secrecy in Iowa sus- 
tained a severe loss last January in the 
death of Wm. R. Morley, of Brush 
Creek. He was a generous contributor 
to the cause and our workers always re- 
ceived a hearty welcome to his hospitable 
board. "The righteous shall be had in 
everlasting remembrance." 



It was our privilege to meet with the 
Reformed Presbyterian Synod at Wal- 
ton, N. Y., the first week of June. Much 
time was spent in considering reform 
topics. Rev. W. C. Paden, of Wahoo, 
Neb., read an excellent paper on the Se- 
cret Society question. During the Sab- 



bath the synod was in session, in com- 
pany with a large number of delegate's 
(we were at Bovina, N. Y., where we 
helped in the services and were very 
sumptuously entertained in the Russell 
Home at Glen Burnie. 



Rev. T. M. Chalmers was much en- 
couraged by his meetings some time ago 
in the Swedish Lutheran Church at 
Rockford. The congregation had 1,500 
members and gave him a large audience 
and close attention. He spoke on the 
moral and rehgious dharacterof the lodge 
system and the insurance fraud of the 
minor orders. 

We spent the last two weeks of May 
in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, 
preaching and lecturing some half dozen 
times and assisting our brother. Rev. R. 
J. Gault, at New Alexandria in com- 
munion services. Our lectures in New 
Alexandria Hall and school house No. 10 
were well attended. It was a helpful in- 
spiration to meet so many faithful friends 
in this historic reform field. 



Bro. Jasper J. Tucker, of Spring Ar- 
bor, Mich., is still laboring to diffuse the 
light in his loealdty. He whites expres- 
sing his high appreciation of the lectures 
of Rev. P. B. Williams at Spring Arbor 
last winter, and his regret that he was 
obliged to leave tjhe State. Bro. Tucker 
is planning to have Bro. Ronayne hold 
some meetinsfs there next fall. 



Mrs. Mary M. Carens, one of the old- 
est members of our association, having 
become a member in 1875, is lying now 
at the point of death. She recently re- 
marked to Secretary Phillips that she 
felt as one of God's stewards; it was her 
duty to give of her means for the ad- 
vancement of his kingdom, rather than 
to those who would use it for their own 
gratification. Rev. J. P. Stoddard writes : 
"We have known her for a number of 
3^ears in our home in Boston, and her 
fidelity to her convictions and devotion 
to the cause of Christ is beyond ques- 
tion." 



An interesting conference on the lodge 
question of four sessions was held in the 
Norwegian Lutheran Church at Hay- 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



field, Minn., May 16-17. The discussions 
at the two evening sessions were in Eng- 
Hsh, and in the day sessions were in Nor- 
wegian. Rev. T. O. Tolo, of Haywood, 
and Rev. O. T. Lee, of Northwood, Iowa, 
were the m^ain speakers. Rev. Limerald 
and Rev. Rogue of the Lutheran Church 
at that place have decided to fight the 
lodges to the bitter end. 



We attended the synod of the Holland 
Christian Reform Church, which met at 
Grand Rapids, Mich., June 14-24. This 
denomination came out of the estab- 
lished church of Holland about 1834, 
mainly because collections of hymns 
were introduced. They hold to the use 
of the inspired Psalms in Divine Wor- 
ship, and rigidly exclude all secret so- 
ciety members from their communion. 
They invited us to attend their synod and 
present the Anti-secret question. Their 
proceedings being in the Holland lan- 
guage, our half-hour address was trans- 
lated by one of their ministers. They are 
enthusiastic anti-secretists and treated us 
with marked kindness. They have a 
flourishing college and theological semi- 
nary at Grand Rapids and number nearly 
one hundred ministers and congrega- 
tions. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard writes from Ober- 
lin, Ohio, of his trip to and from Chi- 
cago, via Philadelphia, Washington, Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, Berne, Ind., Wlieaton and 
Byron, 111., and Detroit, Mich. He ad- 
dressed a good audience in Philadelphia 
and held five meetings in Berne, Ind., 
where he found the brethren cordial, lib- 
eral and hospitable. At Byron (the birth- 
place of his children, and his first and 
only pastorate) he preached Sabbath 
morning and evening in the sanctuary 
where he 'had ministered for over ten 
years. He distributed eighty copies of 
Prize Essays on Secrecy and Citizenship 
to members of the Illinois Congrega- 
tional State Association, in session in the 
Union Park Church, for which he re- 
ceived many thanks, and no word of cen- 
sure. On Sabbath, May 22, he preached 
in the College Church at Wheaton, meet- 
ing many students and old friends in that 
historic field. 



and tracts, we started on a Jtily Sabbath 
evening, in company with Rev. T. M. 
Chalmers of the Messiah Jewish Mission 
to hold a street meeting in one of the 
worst districts of Chicago. Selecting a 
corner near Blue Island avenue and Hal- 
sted street, we sounded out the old 
Psalms to such tunes as "Auld Lang 
Syne," and ''Fountain." Immediately 
from the doorways, alleys, cellars and sa- 
loons there poured out as hard a crowd as 
we ever saw. Respectable order was 
maintained until we began to distribute 
tracts, when the younger portion of the 
crowd made a rush for us, fighting for the 
tracts like hungry wolves for rneat. We 
had difficulty in getting away and were 
followed several squares by the yelling 
crowd. The Salvation Army attempted 
to hold meetings in this district, but were 
driven out. Rome, the saloon and the 
lodge have the upper hand. 



Secretary Phillips spent about fiv-e 
weeks in Washington and Oregon. The 
two suits in Washington were each de- 
cided in the lower court in favor of our 
association. The chief prosecutor, he 
says, was a man by the name of Overby, 
who wore three secret society badges. 
He was assisted by Rev. Noble, of Julia- 
etta, Idaho, a liberal U. B. pastor, who 
joined the Oddfellows at Garfield, Wash- 
ington, and came over to Colfax to testi- 
fy on the side of his lodge brother, Over- 
by. "Birds of a feather flock together." 
During his stay in Bloomington, 111., he 
says he was very greatly assisted by our 
friend, Mr. L. H. Bohrer. The Congre- 
gational pastor opened the \yay for him 
to speak a few -words to his people in 
his church. Six of the pastors of that 
city are opposed to the secret lodge. He 
also spent some time in Detroit, ]\Iich., 
and other Eastern places. 



Armed with Psalm books, Testaments 



'Michael Schwab, one of the anarchists 
who, with Parsons, Spies, Lingg, Fisch- 
er, Engel and Neebe, was held respon- 
sible for hurling the dynamite bombs in 
the Haymarket riot, May 4, 1886, died 
June 22 at his home on North Hermi- 
tage avenue. He was sentenced to im- 
prisonment for life at Joliet, but was par- 
doned out by Governor Altgeld in 1893. 
The Record says he was a member of 
several secret societies. 



90 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



John Dorcas, a lifelong friends of our 
cause and a corporate member of our 
association, finished his earthly course 
June I, at his home near Tipton, la. A 
more extended notice of this devoted fel- 
low^worker will be given in our next is- 
sue. 



Since the annual meeting Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard has been at work in Pennsyl- 
vania, Maryland and New Jersey. He 
attended two conferences *c^f ministers of 
the Brethren Church, one at Hagers- 
town, Md., and another in Philadelphia, 
Avhich he addressed. He preached in the 
Faith M. E. Church near Philadelphia 
and gave his fourth address to a large 
audience at Worcester. Other towns he 
visited were Oaks, Yerkes, Schwenks- 
ville, Graters Ford, Vainrew V'illage and 
Norristown. In New Jersey he visited 
Mayslanding, Atlantic City, and Vine- 
land, where some of the older citizens 
still speak of the mobbing of President C. 
A. Blanchard, when he gave an anti- 
secrecy address there over twenty years 
ago. Bro. Stoddard gave two addresses 
here in the Wesleyan Methodist Church, 
the Free Methodists uniting in the ser- 
vice. 



At the recent meeting of the Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Synod of Iowa, in the 
Highland Prairie Church, Rev. O. T. 
Lee of Northwood opened the first ses- 
sion on Tuesday by showing the number 
and influence of secret societies and prov- 
ing that their secrets were public prop- 
erty. He had been accused of theft for 
securing the genuine ritual of the Modern 
Woodmen. » But a man stepped forth and 
said that he was responsible for this theft 
and explained how he had obtained the 
ritual. 

Mr. Scarvia, of Delavan, who for years 
had been a member of the United Work- 
men and Modern Woodmen orders, then 
rose and answered questions which the 
large audience put to him. He said the 
reprint o'f the Modern Woodmen ritual 
by Ezra A.- Cook, of Chicago, was a true 
reprint of the original ritual. He said 
the trend of the secret lodge was to lead 
men down to hell. A Free Mason pres- 
ent, who had quit the lodge, testified that 
''Ecce Orienti" and Mackay's Manual of 
the lodge were the same as he himself had 
studied. 



Rena Rezner, of Biggsville, 111., has a 
good article in the United Presbyterian 
of June 2, on ''Secret Societies." She 
says : 

'*A minister, I will not say who, or of 
what denomination, once told this at a 
meeting of Odd Fellows : 'There was a 
poor woman in my church that had no 
means of support; finally she became 
sick. The congregation talked it over, 
and agreed to send her to the poorhouse, 
saying, that is the best place for her, as it 
is kept for such as she.' He then went on 
to say, 'Now, our lodge is better than 
our church, for it helps the sick. I feel 
that my family is safe now, because if I 
should die I know that the lodge will 
take care of my wife and children.' This 
minister, if called, was called to preach 
the gospel, to feed the church of God. 
Instead he was preaching the lodge, and 
the church was in that condition because 
he did not do his duty. It is the minis- 
ter's duty to sound the alarm and plead 
in the name of Jesus Christ and a redeem- 
ed humanity for the supremacy of the 
church, and not run after these secret 
orders. Truly, the church is wounded 
in the house of her professed friends, be- 
ing compelled to take a second place. 
The calling and work of a minister is too 
sacred, too high, and too holy for such a 
compromise with the world. The church 
of Jesus Christ neither needs nor can it 
be helped by any such props." 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard, in a letter dated 
Oberlin, Ohio, May 26, thus narrates his 
journey home from Wheaton: 

"As the echoes of parting v/ords died 
away — perhaps into eternity — from the 
lips of children, grandchildren, relatives 
and friends, I took a train for Chicago 
and Detroit, where I met Sisters Carnes, 
Foote and Milton, but for lack of time 
was compelled to deny myself the pleas- 
ure of a call on Bro. Geo. W. Clark, be- 
loved and honored by all who know his 
worth. Sister Clark, at Oberlin, is ap- 
parently standing by her ninetieth mile- 
post and Sister Hill, faithfully minister- 
ing to her elder sister, awaiting the word, 
"Come up higher." Bro. Hinman, 
though sulTering much, is the same de- 
vout and humble disciple, and greatly 
rejoiced in the return of Susie from her 
work in China and her restoration to 
health, which had been seriously im- 



July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYlNOSURE. 



91 



paired by incessant laibors and exposure 
in an inhospitable clime. Deacon Bur- 
rell, with his index finger on the g2d 
landmark in his pilgrimage, is looking to 
the year 2002 as the date of his coronal 
victory and reunion with his kindred im- 
mortalized, who await his coming. My 
home was with Sister Burr, whose kind- 
ness and that of her household added a 
new obligation to the indebtedness of 
other years. If the younger are more 
'progressive and up to date,' they are 
ino more sincere or reliable than those 
who were the intimiate friends of Presi- 
dent Finney, Prof. Morgan and those 
who successfully resisted lodge encroach- 
ments until they entered the full fruition 
of the 'endless life.' " 



RESOLUTEONS 



ADOPTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE 
N. C. A., MAY 12, 1898. 



The Philadelphia Record says: "The 
Manhattan Mystic Lodge of Masons has 
been organized by women at the Tuxedc 
apartment 'house, New York. There had 
been talk of such a movement for several 
weeks, but the women were reticent. 
They met in a real lodge room, with 
queer insignia and a delicious air of mys- 
tery. Rumor says much of this mystery 
was occasioned by do'ubt whether the 
Masons would recognize this new fem- 
inine order. Mrs. May Banks Stacey, 
who is the head and front of the move- 
ment, was formally initiated a few days 
ago, and on April 16 she swore in, with 
mysterious rites, twenty of her followers. 
Little shivers of delight crept up and 
down their spines at the joy o-f being 
initiated into the mysteries of grip, pass- 
word, signal of distress and other Ma- 
sonic possessions. The new title, 'Ma- 
soness,' has a fine sound, too, and the 
insignia of meni'bership — 3, circle, a Mal- 
tese cross and a rose — was pretty. Prob- 
ably there wall be many aspirants for 
these honors, but the order is to be ex- 
clusive, Mrs. Stacey says. The prin- 
cipal requisite for membership is that one 
must be the wife, widow, daughter, sister 
or granddaughter of a Mason/' 

'The Cynosure extends prayerful sym- 
pathy to Miss E. E. Flagg in the loss of 
her uncle, Willard G. Flagg, who died 
June 25. He was 79 years of age, and 
left a record of unblemished integrity. 

Remember that the next Cynosure 
will discuss lodge oaths. 



Resolved, i. We desire to express our 
appreciation of the faithful and self-sacri- 
ficing labors rendered this association by 
the editor and publisher of The Christian 
Cynosure during the year passed, and in- 
voke God's special blessing to rest upon 
them in the years to come. 

2. We are glad to note that our field 
agents are finding many open doors for 
lectures, their reports showing that many 
meetings have been held, as in other 
years. 

3. That we express our thanks to our 
President, Rev. S. H. Swarts, and those 
who have so economically and wisely di- 
rected the business of the association dur- 
ing the year. 

4. Recognizing in The Christian Cy- 
nosure the right arm of the anti-secrecy 
movement we rejoice in the generous 
support it has received from the friends of 
reform and recommend its enlargement 
as soon as the funds at our command 
will justify. 

5. That we appreciate the coming of 
the New England Secretary to our an- 
nual meeting as an expression of the 
continued fellowship and co-operation 
which has hitherto existed between our 
association and theirs. 

6. That we gratefully receive the in- 
creasing support given by the churches 
opposing the lodge system, thus testify- 
ing their appreciation of our effort to aid 
them. 

7. That the presence of the editor of 
the Christian Conservator, Bishop Wm. 
Dillon, brings to us much cheer and we 
hereby express our thanks for his kind 
and hearty support. 

8. That we have heard with deep inter- 
est from Rev. J. P. Stoddard of the work 
in New England, and especially of the 
gift of Philo Carpenter through Rev. Ed- 
ward Hildreth and Mrs. Anna C. Cheney, 
in the publication of Prize Essays on Se- 
crecy and Citizenship; and we tender to 
these friends and to Bro. Stoddard our 
heart-felt thanks for their generous, long- 
continued and effective labors. 

A. W. Parrv, Chairman. 



92 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUHE. 



July, 1898. 



Ivom @ur UtttiL 

John Stahl, Augusta, III. : The lodges 
are unusually active and aggressive, and 
seem to be carrying everything before 
them — ^ministry and membership of 
churches. But let us continue the agita- 
tion, trusting in God that time, patience 
and perseverance will soon crown our 
work of faith with success. 

Sarah E. Allis, Medina, N. Y. : I think 
your work is a grand one and my prayer 
is that the lodge system may soon fall. 
But we have another great foe to fight. 
Ministers who will not open fheir 
churches for prohibition meetings can- 
not be on the Lord's side. While you are 
doing so much to kill the monster, Free- 
masonry, do try to help to save the beau- 
tiful W. C. T. U. Temple in Chicago. 

Rev. W. T. Elhs, Portland, Oregon.: 
Our government is righteously indig- 
inant over the starvation of the people of 
Cuba, but it is about as ready to fight to 
uphold our 25,000 gin mills, which de- 
stroy more property, morals, lives and 
precious souls every year than the Span- 
iards can destroy in ten years. This rum 
business is upheld and hedged about by 
secret societies. 

Rev. WoodrufTf Post, Olean, N. Y. : It 
affords us comfort that The Christian 
Cynosure is still true to God and hu- 
manity. It is beautiful in attire and po- 
tent and logical in its voicings. Here is 
our city of 15,000 people; we have thirty- 
three secret societies and about twelve 
churches. It makes one weep to think 
'0!f the fearful strides that secret societies 
are making. I cannot see how Presi- 
dent McKinley can be true to two mas- 
ters — his country and his lodge. 

John Helfrich, Larwill, Ind. : I thank 
God from the depth of my heart for the 
anti-secret work you did here, for the 
cause has been wonderfully strength- 
ened thereby. I find many are now con- 
vinced of the truthfulness of what I had 
told them. Bro. Ward is no longer the 
only ex-Mason in Larwill. I recently 
met a fourth degree Mason who said he 
had gone back on Masonry. He en- 
tered into a discussion of the secrets of 
the order as frankly as you would have 
done and repeated part of the master Ma- 
son's o-ath. 



Prof. Simpson Ely, of Kirsville, Mo., 
writes on June i ith that "the State Nor- 
mal School in Kirksville, with an attend- 
ance of over seven hundred students, has 
been much disturbed of late years with a 
secret fraternity. The Board of Regents 
this week abolished the fraternity and 
adopted a law forbidding any such or- 
ganization in the future. It is a splendid 
victory." 



Bro. Geo. McCollough of Bnaddyville, 
la., a true and tried anti-siecretist, writer: 
'T like the Cynosiure for its fearless, 
straight- forward, manily Christian work. 
There are many here who ought to sup- 
port it, and I will try to encourage them 
to do so." 



The Cynosure is independent, and 
neither courts the favor of the great nor 
condones the sins of the wealthy; nor 
does it ''call good evil or evil good" at 
the behest of party, church or lodge. It 
does not shun within its sphere to de- 
clare the whole counsel of God. 



In Texas recently a candidate was 
"initiated" and "passed," and when about 
to be '"raised," it was discovered that he 
had lost a part o^f his middle finger on the 
left hand, the accident having happened 
before he was "initiated" and "passed." 
The master decides that he cannot be 
"raised," and consequently he is sent 
back to darkness and ignorance, from 
w'hence he came. Probably Brother 
Ronayne can explain how it is possible 
to cancel the new birth oibtained during 
the S'hock of entrance, and ho'w that 
"mental illumination" can be erased 
w*hich is promised in the first degree. 



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N. B. — No liquors are sold on these 
steamers. W. I. Phillips, Pub. 



July, 1898. CHRISTTA^" CYNOSURE. 9.^ 

A PICTORIAL AND DESCRIPTIVE HISTORY 

— OF-^ == — 

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This valuable work is now being issued for the 
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Cop}^ of the book can be seen at the office of The Cynosure, 



94 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1898. 



The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Entered at the Postofltice, Chicago, III., as second class 
matter. 



Standard Works 



The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'I), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'I), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'I), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Ra.idabaugh 
(Friend). 

Rev. M- A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Wm. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business Manager, 
to whom all letters containing money and relating to 
the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 



Read Our Offer 

On the next page. Send for the book. 
It is really a line work. We pay the 
postage, which costs 40 cts. per volume. 



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July, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN' CYNOSURE. 



95 



WAR WITH SPAIN 

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GHRISTIAiN OYNO1SUE.E. 



July, 1898. 



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...BY... 

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PRESIDENT W. T, HOQQ. 



CONTENTS. 



Masonic Discussion Concluded. 99 

Contradictions of Freemasonry 101 

Lodge Oaths Anti-Cliristian 102 

Questions and Answers on China 105 

Masonic Oaths 106 

WJio Is the Masons' God? 107 

Unscriptural Oaths Forbidden 107 

Symposium— .Secret Lodge Oaths. 109 

What Is an Oath? 109 

datlis that Are Unsoriptural 110 

Wine from a Human Sliull Ill 

All Knight Templars Drink from This 

Cup Ill 

Anotlier Important Witness 112 

Oaths and Penalties 112 

Proof that Free Masons Take These 



Oaths ; . , ..... 113 

Testimonies from Seceders 114 

Are These Oaths Binding? 115 

Their Influence in the Home. 117 

Their Influence in the Stai;e .117 

How to Gret Free from Lodge Oaths 119 

Are They a Matter of Indifference? 119 

Editorial— *Masonry Not Founded on the 

Bible 120 

A Secretary of State 120 

Shallowness of Masonry 120 

A Hindrance in Pastoral Work 121 

Secret Societies in Europe 122 

Our Question Drawer 122 

News of Our Work .123 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



**The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret ©ocieties," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., tn 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Ohristian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and) the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is interdenominational. 
Th9 president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the rice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Ck>&- 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical^ 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicago. 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends^ The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon- 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

(reneral Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Ohristian Cynosure— Rev. M. A. 
Gault, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, O. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. P^ 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Diniua 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C 



Pbristiaii 




"Jesas answered him, — I spake openly to the worM; aod in secret haTe I said nothing." Jahn 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO. AUGUST, 1898. 



NUMBER 4. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TERflS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICE.— Per year, in advance. $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; tingle copies, 10 cents. 

OISCONTINUANCES.-Wcfindthat a lar^e number 
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scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
tht-y tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.—Many persons subscribe 
for Thb Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 



Our next number will be a symposium 
on the Secret Lodge in Politics. 



It appears no unprecedented thing for 
Masons to regard Masonic oaths as of 
little if any binding force. 



Do not forget to send us your best and 
most original thoughts on the lodge in 
politics, for the next Cynosure. 



One of the vices of the oath is that it 
brings into immediate connection the 
abominable details of the death penalty 
and the appeal, "So help me God and 
keep me steadfast," etc. 



The reform advocated by The Cyno- 
sure bears a vital relation to every other, 
because no reform legislation can be ef- 
fective while its enforcement is in the 
hands of secret lodge members sworn to 
favor one another. 

An oath that pledges the victim to do 



e\'il in certain circumstances, and then 
adds, "So help me God and - keep me 
steadfast in the due performance of the 
same," turns street profanity pale. 



There lare Masonic oaths that bind 
those lured into taking them, to become 
allies of criminals, keeping their wicked 
secrets and helping them out of difficulty 
whether they are right or wTong. Such 
obligations are not assumed outside by 
honorable men. They are part of the dis- 
honor of the lodge. 



Webster says : "A symposium is a col- 
lection of short essays by different au- 
thors on a common topic." We under- 
stand it to be the concentration of our 
cannonading upon some one part of the 
enemies' w^orks. This will much more 
effectually bring down the wall than a 
scattering and random fire. 



At a recent meeting of the Central La- 
bor Union in Ncav York it was claimed 
that the organization was being betrayed 
by spies in the pay of the employers,, 
'whereupon one of the delegates, Mr. Mc- 
Dermott of the Plasterers' LTnion said: 
"Labor unions are to blame for a good 
deal of the trouble they have. They leave 
themselves open to the scalawags and 
traitors who betray them, because they 
organize in secret. If a labor union is a 
good thing let it be an open one. You 
can't look for public sympathy as long as. 
you conduct unions in secrecy. The em- 
ployers find out what you are doing, any- 
way, and it makes cowards of working- 
men. There never was a secret labor or 
political organization that was a success, 
and there never will be. Secret organi- 
zations are" the opportunities for the 
demagogues and the mountebanks." 



98 



CHRISTIAN CYNOlSUHE. 



AiiG-ust, 1898. 



Da\4d Cowan, a prominent lawyer and 
seceding high Mason of t'liis city, says: 
"The ^lasons undertake to say that there 
is not. a king, or president of the United 
States that is not upheld by the Masons 
and that they stand at the back of every 
government to maintain it." How far 
this is true will be the subject of our next 
Symposium. 



The Masonic oath is a magazine of ma- 
lignant elements, fraught with danger to 
liberty, to justice, to religion, to every 
interest of humanity, temporal and eter- 
nal. Is it not, then, even more sinful for 
him not to break his oath, and give warn- 
ing than it was to take it? 

'Tt is a sin to swear unto a sin ; 

''But greater sin to keep a sinful oath." 



In Acts 23 there is an account of an 
oajth taken by more than forty Jews band- 
ed to murder Paul. In Mark 6 there is 
an account of an oath taken by Herod 
and observed in slaying John the Bap- 
tist, successor of Elijah, the anti-Mason. 
For which had Herod and the forty Jews 
most reason to fear, the justice and judg- 
ment of God; for honoring or for repudi- 
ating those oaths? 



L. C. Randolph, of Chicago, in an edi- 
torial contribution to the Sabbath Re- 
corder, says: ''Secret societies thrive 
apace, and I have no sweeping condem- 
nation to visit on them. But when the 
<:laim is made that they are unselfish, 
philanthropic organizations, I most em- 
phatically dissent. They are not, unless 
you call a fire insurance society an elee- 
mosynary institution. Their principle is : 
You protect me and I will protect you. It 
is the old story of the strong banded to- 
gether to help each other. The weak, 
those who have not, when black-balled 
by the lodge, have for their court of final 
appeal a Christian conscience." 



There are four reasons why every Ma- 
son should repent and break his Masonic 
oaths: i. They were (fraudulently ob- 
tained upon false assurances. 2. They 
were extrajudicial — i. e., were not author- 
ized by God. They were profane and sin- 
ful in themselves. 3. They were a viola- 
tion of God's Jaw *^d hence null and void, 



imposing no obligation upon the con- 
science except to repent of them. 4. Hav- 
ing fallen into this snare of the devil, it is 
every seceding Mason's duty to do all he 
can to w^arn those coming after of the 
danger. 



The editorial on "Profanity" in the 
June number of The Cynosure might be 
included in our symposium this month. 
Amotng other things it says: "It is not 
the words used but the use of the words 
that constitutes profanity." * * * 
"Tried by such a test Masonic oaths are 
profane." ^ ^^ ^ *'To call upon God 
in connection with that kind of talk is a 
peculiarly flagrant case of profanity." 



A subscription publishing house is sell- 
ing a Life of Christ in which it appears 
to make a bid for Masonic patronage by 
printing at the top of all pages, relating 
to our Lord's youth at the Carpenter's 
home, the heading, "The Level, the 
Plummet and the Square." About as 
naturally might we look for such a head- 
ing as the "Stars and Stripes," or the 
"Red, White and Blue" in a Spanish 
newspaper. If "it is a poor rule that 
will not work both ways," then by good 
ruling a place where Christ's name can- 
not be lawfully mentioned is not the place 
from which to bring mottoes for a biog- 
raphy of Christ. 



Recent Sabbath school lessons relating 
to Elijah have brought us within the 
"Mystic circles of Zidon." Zidonian re- 
ligion introduced by Jezebel was that 
ancient cult of which Freemasonry is a 
modern form. It is by virtue of identity 
with this and kindred systems that Ma- 
sonry came to make its claims to an- 
tiquity. The priests, concerning whom 
Elijah said, "Let not one escape," were 
"ancient brethren." Elijaih himself was 
an early anti-Masonic reformer. He was 
not judicious; did not mind his own busi- 
ness; and did not let things he did not 
belong to alone. That is, he did not do 
so according to the plan desired by Ma- 
sons and recommended to modern ser- 
vants of the Lord God of Elijah. Ahab 
recognized him as an anti-Mason wdien 
he addressed him as the one "who trou- 
bled Israel." Sabbath school lessons re- 
lating to Elijah and his times are anti- 
Masonic studies of a hi.s^h order. 



i 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUIIE. 



99 



The sin of Masonically assuming an 
oath to be "partaker of other men's sins," 
may, Hke adultery, theft and other sins, 
continue to be committed. Yet for all 
this, our work is full of hope, so long as 
we believe that we may *'by all means 
save some." Like all Christian work, of 
which ours is a part, it saves men from 
sin even though it may not drive sin 
wholly away from among men. Lodges, 
bar-rooms and many dangerous and vile 
resorts remain, but the victims they seek 
can be taught not to enter them. Ma- 
sonic sin is like other sin, and is to be re- 
garded and dealt with in the same way 
by Christians. 



MASONIC DISCUSSION CONCLUDED. 



BY PROF. SIMPSON ELY. 



President Wilson Thomas Hogg, Ph. 
B., whose portrait we present in this 
number, has been the editor of the Free 
Methodist since October, 1894. He 
helped to found Greenville College, and 
during six years has been its honored 
President. He was born in 1852 in Lyn- 
don, N. Y., and is a graduate of Illinois 
Wesleyan College at Bloomington. He 
has been in the ministry for more than 
twenty years, all the time in the Free 
Methodist Church. He has not only 
proved himself a vigorous writer and a 
strong preacher, but a thorough educa- 
tor. 



President Hogg, of Greenville College, 
is a strong opponent of the secret lodge 
system. In an editorial in the Free Meth- 
odist he says: "Many of the rites and 
performances of secret societies are sac- 
rilegious in a high degree. What else 
than sacrilege can it be called, when, in 
the initiation of a candidate into the 
third degree of Freemasonry, which is 
itself a Christ-rejecting institution, he is 
first prepared for a mock death by a 
mock performance of silent scripture 
reading and prayer in a half nude condi- 
tion, and with a cable-tow around his 
neck is put through a mock execution, 
burial and resurrection, and finally is in- 
structed that by virtue of all this he has 
been regenerated or raised to a new and 
hol}^ life. Wliat else than most abomirT- 
able sacrilege is it, when the candidate 
for initiation into the Knights Templar 
degree is made to drink wine from a hu- 
man skull in the name of the Father, the 
Son and the Holy Ghost?" 



Originally it was my intention to write 
but eight papers for this discussion. It 
was agreed that the disputants should 
have eight papers apiece, each paper to 
occupy not more than two columns of the 
Cynosure. When the articles began to 
appear it was found that my opponent 
had doubled the space agreed upon ! The 
editor felt that the way for me "to get 
even" was to have space for another arti- 
cle, and with that to close the discussion; 
hence this paper. 

The complaint was made that I did not 
define my terms. The words that I did 
not define were, ''secret society," "relig- 
ion," "infidel," and "fellowship." Now 
these terms are so common and so gener- 
ally understood that the thought of defin- 
ing them never entered my head. Again 
and again am I accused of masquerading 
behind these terms. I think my oppo- 
nent is the only one who does not under- 
stand these words. It is rather unkind 
to judge my motives and accuse me of 
masquerading under any circumstances. 
I do not hide behind the mask of secrecy. 

He tries to limit the word infidel to 
such Unitarians as Channing. That is 
very unfair. Again and again did I say 
that the infidels were Jews, Mohamme- 
dans, skeptics. Deists, Pantheists, etc. 
Masonry unites all these in its fellowship. 
He says I do not denounce all secret so- 
cieties. Where did he learn that? I 
have no sympathy with any secret so- 
ciety. I believe them to be wrong — every 
one. He says if the lodge has wicked 
men in them, I ought to join them, in or- 
der to reform them! He says Jesus con- 
sorted with wicked men in order to save 
them; but he knows' full well that Jesus 
never became a member of a club or se- 
cret society in order to save them. He 
never entered into fellowship with wick- 
ed men in order to reform them. Accord- 
ing to my opponent's logic. Christians 
should hang around saloons, in order to 
save the wicked men wdio frequent them. 

My opponent has known "ministers of 
the gospel, after pleasant evenings of in- 
struction in the lodge, carry into their 
pulpits fresher and clearer views of 
truth." Ah! indeed. Then ]\Iasonry is 
superior to Christianity, and the Hoi}- 



100 



CHRISTIAN OYNOS-UIIE. 



August, 1S98. 



Scriptures do not "thoroughly furnish us 
unto every good work." They need the 
finishing touches of Masonic philosophy. 
The Masons up here laugh at my oppo- 
nent's statement. To my charge that Ma- 
sonry is Christless, he attempts no refu- 
tation. He knows that Jesus is nowhere 
recognized in Masonry. He tries to 
make it appear that my whole fight is 
upon Unitarians in the lodge. That is 
wholly gratuitous upon his part. The 
exclusion of the name of Christ makes it 
possible, not only for Unitarians, but for 
all other classes of infidels, except down- 
right Atheists, to become Masons. He 
knows this to be true. Masonry em- 
braces in its fold Jews, Mohammedans, 
and Pagans. 

He says Masonry presents a broader 
ground for "a universal brotherhood." 
Now, the truth is, that Masonry has never 
intended to establish a universal brother- 
hood. The conditions of membership 
are such as to comprehend only such as 
are of a certain age, and it excludes all 
who are not able to pay its dues, and the 
halt, the lame, the blind, the outcast, as 
well. It is the farthest possible removed 
from a universal brotherhood. I object- 
ed to Masonry 'because Robert Morris 
said that he had traversed the globe sev- 
eral times, wearing his white apron, and 
that in every land he found Masonic 
brethren to greet him. My objection was 
founded upon the fact that whether Mor- 
ris was among Jews, Mohammedans or 
Pagans, he always found Masonic breth- 
ren. This is the ground of my objection ; 
Dut my opponent tries to distont my 
words as to make it appear that I am 
opposed to a universal brotherhood. I 
have never been more grossly misrepre- 
sented. 

My opponent speaks of my ''bad gram- 
mar." A man is hard pushed in debate 
when he pauses to make such criticisms. 
There are few v^riters who will pen eight 
thousand or ten thousand words without 
making some errors in construction. It, 
at least, is a pardonable ofTense. My op- 
ponent affects great indignation because 
I charged that the Masonic obligation 
bound Masons to partial purity only, and 
because I spoke of the "lying claims to 
great antiquity." I have just received a 
letter from one of our preachers, saying, 
"I am a Mason of twenty years' standing, 
and endorse everything you say. I shall 



have no more to do with Christless so- 
cieties." I have much Masonic testimony 
of a similar nature. 

Again : When I charged that the Ma- 
sonic obligation protects Masons in all 
crimes but murder and treason, a very 
cloud of dust is raised to prejudice the 
readers; and when I produce an affidavit 
of a Master Mason, sustaining my 
charge, my opponent does not notice it at 
all. He differs from other Masons who 
fully endorse my statements. 

The w'orst feature of my opponent's 
defense, is his apparent belief in salvation 
through other means than faith in the Son 
of God and obedience to him. He 
teaches that those who reject the divinity 
of Jesus Christ are not without the hope 
of eternal salvation. Jesus says, "He 
that believeth not shall be damned." 
Peter says there is "no other name 
given under Heaven or among men 
whereby we must be saved." Paul says, 
''Other foundation can no man lay than 
that that is laid, Jesus Christ," and that 
he is the only sacrifice for sin. The sys- 
tem advocated by my opponent ignores 
Christ altogether, lays other foundations, 
and teaches salvation in other names than 
the name of Jesus. 

Let 'my readers note the fact that my 
opponent concedes that Masonry, as it 
exists to-day, is a modern institution. 
Let those who claim that Solomon was 
a Mason, and "the two Johns," also note 
this fact. If such claims are not "lying 
claims," what are they? Those who 
make them now stand impeached by their 
own witness. Pie grows very eloquent 
about the great moral and spiritual truths 
which Masonry inculcates, and proudly 
boasts that "The eternal years of God are 
hers." Now I submit that if these moral 
an-d spiritual truths existed ages before 
Masonry was known, or came into being, 
they are no part of Masonry. The Meth- 
odist Church possesses truth that existed 
ages before Methodism was born. Such 
truths do not constitute that which is dis- : 
tinctively Methodism. All the truth that 
Masonry possesses is taken from the 
Bible, if Masonry shines at all, it shines 
in a borrowed light. And herein is its 
deceptive character. It has woven into 
its fabric enough of Bible truth "to de- 
ceive the very elect." It is a mongrel in- 
stitution — a mixture of worldliness and 
religion. 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



101 



, I am accused of contradicting myself, 
because I say in one place that Masonry 
is a secret society, and in another, that 
many of its secrets are made known. 
This is strange reasoning. A druggist 
sells liquor contrary to law, and secretly. 
In court this fact is disclosed. Now does 
it follow that he does not sell secretly, 
because his perfidy has been exposed? 
This is my opponent's method of reason- 
ing. Until the Masonic lodge, as such, 
discloses its secrets to the world, it will 
remain a secret society, no matter how 
many members may renounce it, and ex- 
pose it. 

Again, it is agreed by my opponent 
that if thousands of men substitute the 
lodge for the church, ''it is because they 
love truth better than sham." Indeed! 
Jesus says, *'Men love darkness rather 
than light, because their deeds are evil." 
Paul says, *'Not many mighty, not many 
noble, not many rich, are called." Jesus 
said, ''Strait is the gate and narrow is 
the way ^ ^ ^ and few there be that 
find it." My opponent, like Ingersoll, 
enters upon a tirade against the church, 
and tries to make it appear that it is be- 
cause of the superior nature of the lodge 
that men love it so much. All through 
his reasoning there has been noticeable 
an insidious element of imbelief. It is 
this that has surprised me, and disap- 
pointed me. Masonry has perverted his 
reason and judgment. 

In one of my articles I showed that re- 
cently a Hartford, Connecticut lodge 
expelled a member, because in court he 
testified against a brother Mason who 
had committed a great crime. By play- 
ing the detective he had drawn all the 
facts from the criminal and then testified 
to them. My opponent says the lodge 
did right to expel him; thus admitting 
the truth of my impeachment that Ma- 
sons are sworn to protect their brothers 
in crime. Thus when the Masonic oath 
conflicts with the legal oath the latter 
must not ^be taken! The extra-judicial 
oath is of more importance with Masons 
than the judicial oath. I have long be- 
lieved this to be true, but I did not hope 
for my opponent to admit it. Let my 
readers 'be assured that "it is gross un- 
Masonic conduct" for a Mason to reveal 
a brother's secrets, even when put under 
oath in a court room. 

What I have written I have written. I 



feel that my part of this discussion is the 
crowning work of my life. I shall not 
cease to thank God that the way was 
opened up for me to give my impeach- 
ments such a wide circulation. May God 
bless all the truth that has been written, 
and forgive me if I have -written anything 
amiss. I have shunned personalities. I 
have dealt wath principles; not persons 
Kirksville, Mo. 



CONTRADICTIONS OF FREEMASONRY. 



EDMUND RONAYNE. 



From the questions appearing in the 
two last numbers of The Cynosure I 
have concluded that I ought to write an 
article on the contradicitions of Free- 
masonry; but as an introduction I want 
to say a word or two about my book 
called the Mah-hah-bone, a volume 
w^hich comprises two books, "The Hand- 
book of Freemasonry," first published in 
1875, ^i^d "The Master's Carpet,'" pub- 
lished in 1879; ^^^ these two books pub- 
lished under one cover I termed Mah- 
hah-bone, the grand, unspeakable pass- 
word of Freemasonry, so as to render 
that password as common as printers' 
ink could make it. 

The first part of Mah-had-bone com- 
prises "The Master's Carpet," while the 
second part, from page 406 to the end, 
comprises the Handbook. The Hand- 
book contains the true or standard Ala- 
sonic ritual as given in all Masonic lodges 
in this country, and as I gave it myself 
here in Chicago, in Keystone Lodge, No. 
639; while "The Master's Carpet" gives 
the true meaning or symbolism of the 
ritual, explaining every ceremony and 
symbol of the lodge, and tracing each 
one to its original source. 

Every impliment and character and 
ceremony of Freemasonry is symbolic, 
and any person, Mason or non-Mason, 
who studies Masonry aside from its sym- 
bolic meaning, will never understand the 
system. I appeal to every intelligent Ma- 
son as to the correctness of this asser- 
tion. A. T. C. Pierson, a Past Grand 
Master of Masonry, teaches that "to 
found the universality of Freemasonry 
upon the f^w traditional signs, tokens 
and words which we are taught in the 
initiatory degrees is flying in the face of 
Masonic experience and of our universal- 



lOi 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



ly spread doctrines.'' (Mah-haii-bone, p. 
213.) \\> shall now look at a few of the 
Masonic contradictions, and fifst as re- 
gards the Bible in a Masonic lodge. 

The ^lasonic ritual asserts that "the 
Holy Bible is given to us as the rule and 
guide of our faith," etc. (Handbook, p. 
yf), but this is afterwards explained by 
the expositors of Masonic symbolism as 
follows: "It is a landmark that a 'Book 
of the Law' shall constitute an indispens- 
able part of the furniture of every lodge. 
I say advisedly, a 'Book of the Law,' be- 
cause it is not absolutely required that 
everywhere the Old and New Testament 
shall be used;" and hence, of course, the 
Holy Bible is not and cannot be the rule 
and guide of Masonic faith (Mah-hah- 
bone, p. 125). Again, "Blue Lodge Ma- 
sonry has nothing whatever to do with 
the Bible; it is not founded upon the Bi- 
ble," etc. (Ibid yy). And yet again on p. 
132, "The Bible is used among Masons 
as a symbol of the will of God." 

Now the Holy Bible does not merely 
contain God's word or will, but the Bible 
is absolutely God's word, every bit of it, 
from Gen. i : i to Rev. 2.2\ 21; and it is 
the revelation of God to man concerning 
His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. Take 
the Lord Jesus out of the Bible and you 
have nothing left, and, as Freemasonry 
absolutely rejects Christ, therefore it can 
have "nothing whatever to do with the 
Bible" as a rule of faith. The devil want- 
ed to make it appear that the Bible was 
his rule of faith, and quoted it as Masons 
quote it, but is the Bible therefore the 
devil's rule of faith? But what is the 
Masonic rule of faith? "The universal 
law of nature * "^^ "^ the only law 
suited in every respect to be adopted as 
the Masonic code" (Mah-hah-bone, 62); 
and lastly the Holy Bible, Square and 
Compass are set forth as three great 
lights, and hence the Bible, Square and 
Compass are upon a common level, the 
Bible being no more a great light, and 
certainly, according to Masonic teaching, 
no more a rule of faith than the rusty old 
square and compass lying upon the altar 
in the lodge. No, the Bible is a mere 
/riicle of furniture, and no more, in a 
lodge of Masons, and not even that in the 
lodges of Southern Europe. See Hand- 
book of Masonry, p. 93. 

But I must stop here. In future num- 
bers of The Cynosure I hope to continue 



this subject and to give from time to time 
the rest of the contradicition of Freema- 
sonry, or I may have them published in 
pamphlet form, as the Lord directs. In 
the meantime, I would ask the readers of.' 
The Cynosure to study up The Mah-hah- 
bone on the above subject, from p. 123, 
to 140, inclusive, and while doing so to^ 
bear in mind that the lodge itself and all 
it contains, from the Master's hat down, 
to the Bible, are mere symbols and are- 
all equally important in the Masonic re- 
ligion. 

104 Milton avenue, Chicago. 



SECRET SOCIETY OATHS ANTh 
CHRISTIAN. 



REV. W. T. CAMPBELL, D. D. 



T^'Oii shaltnot take the name of the Lord thy God 
in vxin. 

The fundamental law for testing the 
Christian character of institutions, as well 
as of men, is clearly presented in these 
words of the Master, "Whosoever shall 
confess me before men, him will I con- 
fess also before my Father which is in 
'heaven. But whosoever shall deny me 
before men, him will I also deny before 
my Father which is in heaven." This 
one truth will be taken as self-e\ident^ 
namely, that any society, claiming to be 
religious, assuming to administer an 
oath, engaging in formal acts of religious, 
worship, and publishing an authoritative 
creed, or profession of religious belief^ 
must have its Christian character and 
standing determined by comparing this 
creed and profession with the principles 
and doctrines of the Bible. The Manuak 
of the several orders establish the fact 
that all alike claim to be religious. 

llie Modern Woodmen has its regti- 
lat^on for funeral ceremxonies. Hymns 
are sang, quotations from the Scriptures 
iorrn a part of the ritualistic services, ex- 
pressions of sympathy are tendered, ex- 
liortations are given, prayers are offered, 
and a formal benediction is pronounced 
bv the Consul. Grosh, in his Manual of 
Oddfellowship, page 364, says, "We have 
a religious test, we use forms of worship. 
So far w^e are a religious body, and have 
a religious faith for the basis of our fel- 
lowship, and to unite us in religious 
duty." Mackey, in his iManual of Ma- 



Alienist, 1808. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



103 



sonry, pag"e 44, says, ''As iMasons we are 
tnuo;'ht never to commence any great or 
important undertaking without first in- 
voking the blessing and protection of 
Deitv, and this is because ^lasonry is a 
reHgious institution, and we thereby 
show our dependence on and our trust 
in God." The truth is easily established 
that, in methods of administering the 
oath, and in all the essentials of a Chris- 
tian profession and worship, secret or- 
ganizations are both non and anti Chris- 
tian. 

The statement will not be questioned 
that the lawful authority necessary in im- 
posing the obligations of an oath must be 
exercised by the proper representatives of 
the Church, or of the State. God has ap- 
pointed these institutions, and has given 
into the hands of their rightfully appoint- 
ed agents the performance of this duty. 
No others have been named, no human 
organization has a right to assume these 
high prerogatives, and thus seek to set 
aside the appointments of God, and when 
any society makes such an assumption it 
is a manifest profanation of the ordinance 
of God. 

\\'hat right, therefore, has the Prelate 
in the Knights of Pythias, the Mce Grand 
in the order of Oddfellows, or the Wor- 
shipful ^Master of the ]\Iasons to take the 
responsibility of administering the oath? 
In answer to this question it is said some- 
times that these societies obtain their 
charters through acts of incorporation by 
the State and. therefore, because char- 
tered by the State, their officers become 
the lawful agents of the civil government 
for the administration of the oath. Let 
it be remembered that the State never 
delegates its authority, or compromises 
its power in this way. Everywhere there 
:are societies and organizations chartered 
biy the State, for almost every conceivable 
purpose, but these charters do not, by 
any means, carry with them the right to 
administer the oath. It is a fact, also, 
that the interpreters of law do not recog- 
nize such obligations, as are imposed by 
:secret societies, as binding upon men, nor 
their violation as grounds of perjury and 
punishment. 

Blackstone. in his work on "Public 
A\'rongs" says, ''The law takes no notice 
of any perjury but such as is committed 
in some court of justice having power 
to administer an oath, or before some 



magistrate, or proper officer, invested 
with similar authority in some proceed- 
ings relative to a civil suit, or a criminal 
prosecution; for it esteems all other oaths 
unnecessary at least, and therefore will 
not punish the breach of them." When 
therefore the law of God, and the laws 
of the State are against such methods as 
are adopted by these societies, it is high 
time for men, and especially for Chris- 
tian men, to seek better foundations upon 
which to stand. 

It has been shown from the Manuals 
of these orders that they profess to be 
religious. In the Manual of Oddfellow- 
ship, page 100, we find these words, 
''What regeneration by the word of truth 
is in religion, initiation is in Oddfellow- 
ship." On page 287, we have this state- 
ment, "Heaven is the reality of what re- 
generation prefigures." Put these state- 
ments together and we have this as to 
methods of salvation professed by the or- 
der of Oddfellows: First — Initiation is 
regeneration. Sins are removed, the life 
is purified, the soul is regenerated and re- 
newed by the unmanly and silly process 
of initiation. Second — Initiation being 
equivalent to regeneration, it represents 
or prefigures all the realities of heavenly 
rest and glory. Hence, if we are to be- 
lieve the declarations of the ^lanual, the 
ceremonies of initiation secure to the ap- 
plicant all that is promised to the sinner 
through the new birth, the sanctification 
of the soul, and admission into, heaven 
through the sacrifice and atonement of 
Christ. On page 370, the prayers of the 
orders, which omit all reference to the 
name and the merits of Christ, are justi- 
fied on the ground of being so framed 
that any religionist, Christian, Jew, or 
Mohammedan, may be able to unite in 
them. 

\Miat of the professions. of ]\Iasonry? 
In Mackey's Encyclopedia, under the 
word Bible we read, "The Bible is used 
among Masons as the symbol of the will 
of God however expressed. Therefore 
whatever to any people expresses that 
will may be used as a substitute for the 
Bible in a Masonic lodge. Thus in a 
lodge consisting entirely of Jews, the Old 
Testament alone may be placed upon the 
altar. Turkish Masons make use of the 
Koran: whether it be the gospels to the 
Christians, the Pentateuch to the Israel- 
ite, the Koran to the ^Inssulman, or the 



104 



CHRISiTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



\>das to the Brahmin, it everywhere Ma- 
sonically conveys the same idea, that of 
the symboHsm of the Divine will reveal- 
ed to man.'' 

On page 54 of Mackey's Ritualist, we 
are told that "the furniture of a lodge 
consists of a Holy Bible, square and com- 
passes." One is just as essential as the 
others, and each is of equal importance 
in the workings of Masonry, Then the 
Bible is mutilated in order to serve the 
non and anti Christian purposes of the 
order. In Mackey's Ritualist, pages 271 
and 272, we have quotations from the 
Scriptures to be read at the opening of 
the lodge. The first is a selection from 
L Peter ii., i and 7, inclusive. In the fifth 
and sixth verses the very essentials are 
omitted; '*Ye also as living stones are 
built up a spiritual house, an holy priest- 
hood, to offer up sacrifices acceptable to 
God." But the reading of the text is "to 
offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to 
God by Jesus Christ." The quotation of 
the seventh verse reads, "He that believ- 
eth shall not make haste to pass it over." 
While the Bible truth is, "He that believ- 
eth on Him — that is, on Christ — shall 
not be confounded." Then on pages 348 
and 349 in opening the Chapter of Royal 
Arch Masons, there is a professed quota- 
tion taken from II. Thess. iii., 6-16. It 
begins thus, "We command you, brethren, 
that ye withdraw yourselves from every 
brother that walketh disorderly." But 
the authorized version has it, "We com- 
mand you, brethren, in the name of the 
Lord Jesus Christ." The twelfth verse is 
quoted on this wise, "Them that are such 
we command and exhort, that with quiet- 
ness they work and eat their own bread," 
but the full declaration of the Spirit is, 
"Them that are such we command and 
exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ." 

What ans^ver can Masonry give to that 
testimony of the Spirit? "If any man 
shall take away from the words of the 
book of this prophecy, God shall take 
away his part out of the book of life, and 
out of the holy city, and from the things 
which are written in this book." Ma- 
sonry deliberately sets aside the univer- 
sal obligation of the moral law, and lim- 
its its prohibitions merely to those who 
may chance to fall within the relationship 
of the order. The requirement of the 
Decalogue is all-comprehensive, "Thou 
shalt not steal." The oath of the Master 



Mason limits the binding obligation of 
this command to a chosen few — Ecce 
Orienti, page iii — "I will not cheat,, 
wrong, or defraud a Master Mason's 
lodge, nor a brother of this degree, nor 
supplant him in any of his laudable un- 
dertakings, but will give him due and 
timely notice, that he may ward off ap- 
proaching danger, if in my power." 

The Sixth Commandment, "Thoa 
shalt not kill," embraces the race, with- 
out regard to relative position and asso- 
ciation. The oath of the Master Mason 
— Ecce Orienti, page 11 1 — is, "I will not 
knowingly strike a brother Master Ma- 
son, nor otherwise do him personal vio- 
lence in anger, except it be in the neces- 
sary defence of my person, family or 
property." The Seventh Commandment, 
proclaimed for the government of the 
race, is, "Thou shalt not commit adul- 
tery." The Master Mason's oath, sef 
for the government of his life, is — Ecce 
Orienti, page iii — "I will not have illicit 
carnal intercourse with a brother Master 
Mason's wife, his mother, sister, nor 
daughter, I knowing them to be such,, 
nor suffer it to be done by others, if in 
my power to prevent." 

What' more shall I say? When the 
moral law is trimmed to suit the carnality 
of men, when the Bible is mutilated so as. 
to conform to a system which has grown 
out of the mysteries and practices of idol- 
atrous worship; when the Koran and the 
Vedas are placed on an equality with the 
testimony of the Spirit; when Christ is 
rejected, and all reference to his person 
and his work is cautiously eliminated 
from the ritual of the orders; when ini- 
tiation in one society is made equal to re- 
generation by the word of truth, and in 
another it is declared to be "a death to the 
world and a resurrection to a new life," 
is it not high time for Christian men to> 
heed the exhortation of the Spirit, "Come 
out from among them and be ye separate,, 
saith the Lord, and touch not the un- 
clean thing; and I will receive you, and 
will be a Father unto you, and ye shall 
be my sons and daughters, saith the 
Lord Almighty." , 

Monmouth, 111. 



Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, 
and serve him, and shalt swear by his, 
name. Deut. 6: 13. 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



10.5 



QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON CHINA. 



I was present on Wednesday evening, 
July 27th, at an intensely interesting 
prayer meeting at Wheaton College 
Church. 

The Misses Grace and Gertrude Wyck- 
off, missionaries from China were pres- 
ent. They had been in Northern China 
tinder the direction of the American 
board for ten years, and are now about to 
return to their field of labor. During the 
meeting the leader said that the Misses 
WyckofTs would answer questions, and I 
sent up the following three, and will en- 
deavor to give a synopsis of their an- 
swers, though I can give but little of what 
they said. These devoted missionaries 
showed by their answers that they had 
only come in contact with the minor or 
''bread and butter" secret societies of 
China, and knew little or nothing about 
those with death penalties like the mur- 
derous Highbinders or Chinese Free Ma- 
sons. I w^as interested in their state- 
ments, since these showed that the Con- 
gregational Church in China is, in prac- 
tice, in perfect accord with the declaration 
of the Christian Cynosure to the churches 
of this country, that if they are to recover 
spiritual power, they must require their 
members to abandon all secret societies. 

Question — Are the Chinese among 
whom you labor members of secret so- 
cieties? 

Answer by Miss Wyckoff — The Chi- 
nese empire is honey-combed with secret 
societies. They do not mean there by 
secret societies perhaps just what we 
mean here by that term. They are, how- 
ever, religious societies. Many of them 
have also as their aim the overthrow of 
the present dynasty. That is the prin- 
ciple that underlies most of these, so- 
cieties. The meetings are held at night. 
Many women have told me that they have 
entered some secret sect, hoping that 
their eyes would be helped, or that some 
other disease w^ould be cured, but that it 
was simply money thrown away, and 
that the money goes to feed the leaders. 

Question — ^When the Chinese profess 
faith in Christ, and desire to unite with 
the Christian Church, do you require 
them to abandon their secret lodges, and 
if you answer affirmatively, why do you 
make such a requirement? 

Answer by Miss Wyckofif — We cer- 



tainly do require them to abandon their 
secret lodges. For as the Chinese say: 
"It is impossible for one foot to be on one 
boat, and the other on another boat, be- 
cause you would certainly fall." Hence 
it is decidedly a part of the requirement, 
that Avhen they come into the church 
they must leave secret societies. 

In 1878 a great many Chinese came 
into the church on account of the famine 
relief, who did not abandon their secret 
lodges, and these were the cause of much 
anixety, and some were afterwards ex- 
pelled from the church because they 
would not leave their lodges, or, rather, 
"they went out from us, but they were 
not of us." (i John 2: 19.)- We now 
have a system of probation so that per- 
sons desiring to come into the church 
must wait three to six months until they 
satisfy us that they have freed themselves 
from secret societies and from other idol- 
atrous customs. The only reason that 
they do not come out from their secret 
lodges is that it simply means bread and 
butter in their homes. There are not a 
few who have left these secret sects, and 
come into the church, and they are often 
our best workers. There is. some truth in 
the teachings of these secret orders, and 
the man that has followed and sought for 
something that he has not got, often be- 
comes a very efficient worker in the 
church when he has found in Christ what 
he sought for and needed. 

Question — Would a tract in Chinese 
containing quotations from the Bible 
such as : 'Tn secret have I said nothing," 
"Come out from among them and be ye 
separate," ''Be ye not unequally yolked 
together with unbelievers," "Have no fel- 
lowship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness," followed by comments upon the 
relation of Christians to secret societies 
by such men as Moody, Pentecost, Dr. 
Goodwin and others — ^would such a tract 
be helpful in your work? 

Answer by Miss \yyckof¥ — I think it 
would be. I cannot say what we have in 
stock on this line; doubtless the thought 
of this question has reference to the books 
that are distributed by us. But a tract of 
this kind would certainly be very helpful, 
for anyone of the Chinese who is a scholar 
or who has any education would under- 
stand the force of these Bible quotations 
as requiring his separation from his secret 
societies. It would be very helpful. 



106 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



President Blanchard asked if the High- 
binders would endeavor to take the Hie 
of a Highbinder who left that order. 

Answer — They would probably not try 
to kill him if he left his lodge, but would 
undoubtedly make it very unpleasant for 
him. Ridicule is one of the hardest 
things that these people have to bear. 
One woman said to me that she did not 
dare to put her head out of the door on 
this account. 

I think that the native Christians feel 
very keenly that Christian consistency is 
a great thing as well as a necessary thing 
in Christian life, and as we say they "can- 
•not serve God and mammon." 

In reporting the above, I am furnish- 
ing the readers of The Cynosure with an- 
other proof that there is not a reform 
question before the -world to-day so vital- 
ly important for the welfare of mankind 
as this one that the National Christian 
Association represents. For the world 
over, the secret lodge is the rival of the 
Christian church, as certainly as Satan 
is the rival antagonist of Christ Jesus our 
Lord; and any discussion as to how to 
save men or revive the churches and re- 
store to greater spiritual power — any dis- 
cussion that refuses to call for separation 
from secret societies and their idolatrous 
worship is merely to touch upon the 
outer surface of the serious condition 
that confronts the religious press and pul- 
pits. W. I. Phillips. 



MASONIC OATHS. 



BY REV. H. H. HINMAN. 



My objections to Masonic oaths are: 

1. They are inconsistent with that sin- 
cerity and candor that is due to all who 
belong to the commonwealth of learning, 
but more especially to that mutual con- 
fidence that ought to exist between the 
members of the household of faith and 
the still more intimate relationship of 
husband and wife. 

2. They tend directly to the promotion 
of dissimulation, hypocrisy and false- 
hood. An oath to always conceal is prac- 
tically an oath to lie about the matter of 
concealment. A direct denial of the truth 
may be either by affirmation or, just as 
effectively, by silence. In either case, it 
is false testimony. 

3. Masonic oaths, if viewed in connec- 



tion with their penalties, are false oaths. 
This must be true in the great majority 
of cases; for .no one in his right mind 
would ever sincerely invoke a death pen- 
alty — in\x>lving'horrible torture and muti- 
lation — for the non-concealment of what 
is at most a matter of privacy in the main- 
tenance of which no great personal or 
public interest is involved. Nor can the 
plea that is sometimes made that the 
one taking such oath would rather have 
his "throat cut across, his tongue torn, 
out by the roots," etc., than reveal the 
inane rigmarole that has been ten thou- 
sand times told to the public, be admitted. 
If it were true it would imiply a moral, 
obliquity inconsistent with natural self- 
control. 

4. They are disloyal to the State. The 
right to make laws and affix a death pen- 
alty, if it exists at all, is the prerogative 
of the State. Any other organization 
that assumes this prerogative, whether 
with purpose of execution or insincere- 
ly, that it may simply terrorize its mem- 
bers, does in either case violate the rights 
of the citizen and the authority of the 
government. That Masonic oaths re- 
quire, under some circumstances, the 
concealment of w^hat the state has a right 
to know,has been repeatedly proved, and 
marks them as distinctly disloyal. 

5. They are blasphemous. This is the 
great crime of all who administer or ac- 
cept of lodge oaths. To call God to wit- 
ness to any compact that, if it be truly 
kept, involves the commission of crime,, 
or if intended as merely an outward form, 
in which there is nothing but a lying pre- 
tense, there is, in either case a most terri- 
ble contempt of the Most Holy God. But 
since Masonic oaths either do or do not 
mean what they say, they are in either 
case a horrid blasphemy, which ought 
not to be tolerated among those making 
the Christian profession. 

Oberlin, Ohio. 



Rev. T. J. Allen writes that their Re- 
formed Presbyterian C. E. Society at 
Sterling, Kan,, by a unanimous vote 
passed a resolution disapproving of the 
action of the committee in charge of the 
Nashville convention in asking Dr. Geo. 
C. Lorimer or any other such high Ma- 
son to address the convention. This reso- 
lution was forw^arded to the convention.. 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



107 



WHO IS THE MASON'S GOD? 



BY REV. W. FENTON. 



When the author of ''Devil Worship in 
France" tells us: "With all brethren of 
the Fraternity, 'we also do believe in the 
resurrection of Hiram,' " he might as 
well say right out we also do believe "the 
lie" that nullifies the resurrection of Jesus 
Christ. And when he kneels in prayer 
over the candidate that is at that moment 
personifying the death and burial of Hi- 
ram in "the grave of iniquity" in the third 
degree of Masonry, to whom does he 
pray? And whom does he worship in 
that enactment of the falsehood that nul- 
lifies the resurrection of the Lord and 
Savior of men, Jesus Christ? How can 
the Masonic god be any other being than 
the devil himself or one of his demon an- 
gels? If you cannot answer these ques- 
tions correctly it is because you are lack- 
ing in intelligence, or your conscience is 
seared with a hot iron, or the god of this 
world has blinded your eyes so that the 
-simple truth of God cannot shine upon 
your soul. 

The author of the book entitled "Devil 
W^orship in France" deplores the enmity 
which apparently exists between the Ro- 
-mish church and Freemasonry, w^hile, by 
means of a mysticism common to both 
he sees a "substantial agreement" of the 
Romish church with Masonry; and that 
it is merely jealousy that produces the en- 
mity between the two which appears on 
the surface. And that mysticism which 
is the bond of union between the Romish 
church and Freemasonry is by no means 
Jesus Christ or Christianity. He says: 

"At the bottom of her hatred of Ma- 
sonry there is also her dread of the mys- 
tic. Transcendental science claims to 
have the key of her doctrines, and there 
is evidence that she fears that claim." 
•i' * * * Mysticism, which accepts her 
own dogmas and interprets them in a 
sense which is not her own, which claims 
a certitude in matters of religion that 
transcends the certitude of faith, seems 
to hint that at one point it is possible to 
undermine her foundations. Hence she 
has ever suspected the mystic, and a part 
of her suspicion of Masonry has been by 
reason of its connection with the mystic ; 
she has intuitively divined that connec- 
tion, which by Masons themselves, for 



the most part, is not dreamed at this day, 
and when suggested is somewhat lightly 
cast aside." " * * * It is desirable 
* * * to be just toward the Catholic 
church and to affirm that we as mystics 
are on this point substantially in agree- 
ment with her." 

The author before us here touches a 
vital point in the development and final 
consummation of the mystery of iniquity 
in the coming of "the man of sin." What 
is the real mysticism of Masonry? It is 
the image of the pagan beast made by 
the Romish church, "the mother of Har- 
lots." While Mr. Waite sees the mys- 
ticism which is a bond of union between 
these two institutions, the attentive read- 
er of the authentic histories of Masonry 
during the early and middle ages of the 
Christian era, and especially that imme- 
diately subsequent to the Masonic "re- 
vival," and general transformation of 
Freemasonry from an operative to a spec- 
ulative institution, at that London gin 
shop, in 1717, A. D., will see Roman 
Catholics, Jesuits, and Freemasons har- 
moniously at work together in the inven- 
tion of Masonic degrees for one common 
object, the restoration of Popery to its 
former position in England. 

If Mr. Waite's design in writing his 
book was to make us believe that Free- 
masonry is not devil worship he has ut- 
terly failed, and has done the opposite 
thing by asserting himself to be a be- 
liever in the resurrection of Hiram, and 
has, at the same time, done something 
toward putting the Romish church in the 
same awful predicament with himself. 

74 South Robert st., St. Paul, Minn. 



UNSCRIPTURAL OATHS FORBIDDEN. 



BY REV. THOS. NICKEL. 



One reason why no Christian should 
join the Free Masons is the oath he has 
to swear before he is accepted. This 
oath, like all other oaths of secret so- 
cieties, is against Scripture. The Lord 
says. Matt. 5: 3, 'T say unto you, swear 
not at all; neither by heaven, for it is 
God's throne; nor by the earth, for it is 
his footstool; neither by Jerusalem, for it 
is the city of the Great King; neither 
shalt thou swear by thy head, because 
thou canst not make one hair white or 
black. But let your communication be 



108 



CHRISTIAN OYNOiSUiRE. 



August, 1898. 



yea, yea; and nay, nay, for Avhatsoever is 
more than these cometh of evil." "I say 
unto you, swear not at all," saith the 
Lord. Not at all ; no man has a right to 
swear, no man has a right to demand an 
oath except God has allowed it. Swear- 
ing is not in all cases forbidden. Every 
Christian, to accredit himself and to^ at- 
test the truth, may and should swear 
when : 

1. The honor of God demands it. So 
Christ swore, standing before the High 
Priest, Matt. 26: 63, 64; Deut. 6: 13; 
Rom. 9:1; but by the oath of a Free Ma- 
son, God is not honored but dishonored. 
(See Freemasonry, by Rev. Chas. G. Fm- 
ney, pages 64, 65, 70-74, etc.) 

2. It is allowed to swear when the wel- 
fare of our neighbor makes it necessary; 
for instance, w*hen you can prove by your 
oath the innocence of an accused friend, 
you have to swear; for love is the fulfilling 
of the law, Rom. 13 :io; Hebr. 6: 16. 
But is it for the welfare of a neighbor or 
of the community that secret organiza- 
tions demand an oath not to reveal the 
secrets of the lodge? The Lord says: 
''Everyone that doeth evil hateth the 
light, neither cometh to the light, lest his 
deeds should be reproved." 

3. We may swear when the govern- 
ment demands it. The government is 
ordained of God, Rom. 13: i; and as a 
minister of God it may demand an oath 
for the good of its citizens. But what is 
the lodge, that it dares to demand an 
oath? Where can it prove that it has re- 
ceived authority from God to demand an 
oath of its members? When the honor of 
God, the welfare of our meighbor or the 
government requires it we may swear, 
and such an oath is according to Scrip- 
ture. But every other oath is sinful. Ev- 
ery oath that is taken in matters that are 
either false, or uncertain, or not allow- 
able, or trivial, or vain, is in conflict with 
the word of God and forbidden. 

Before a man can become a lodge 
member he has to swear not to reveal 
the secrets of the lodge. Such a man 
seems not to know what swearing means. 
Swearing by the name of God means to 
call upon God to witness the truth and to 
avenge untruth, 2 Cor. i : 23. A candi- 
date calls upon God to witness the truth, 
he says; but what does he say? He 
swears not to reveal the secrets of the 
lodge; but he does not know the secrets 



yet; he does not know of the holiness of 
the Divine law, which requires him to re- 
veal the things he is about to hear. He 
swears to uncertain things; things he 
does not know whether they are allow- 
able or not. He demands God to contra- 
dict himself. The Lord says, "Whoso is 
partner -with a thief hateth his own soul; 
he iheareth cursing and bewrayeth it not,, 
and he demands God to avenge him if he 
should reveal what God demands him to. 
bewray." There is no man w^ho can. 
deny that a clause like the following is 
both against the word of God and the 
laws of the state: 

''To all 'which I do most solemnly 
promise and swear, with a fixed and 
steady purpose of mind in me, to keep 
and perform the same, binding myself 
under no less penalty than to have my 
body severed in two in the midst, and. 
divided to the north and south; my bow- 
els burnt to ashes in the center and the 
ashes scattered before the four winds of 
heaven." Or the foHowing: 

"I furthermore promise and swear that; 
I will aid and assist a companion Royal 
Arch Mason when engaged in any dif- 
ficulty, and espouse his cause, so far as to 
extricate 'him from the same, if within my 
power, whether ihe be right or wrong." 

That some lodges do not ask an oath, 
but only a pledge of honor, does not mat- 
ter much. Before God a pledge of -honor 
is the same as an oath. Christ said: "You 
shall mot swear at all; not by the temple," 
etc. What difference is it to say by the 
temple I will say the truth, or by my 
honor? The honor of a Christian is to do 
the will of God. But it is against the 
will of the Lord to swear in trivial, un- 
certain and vain matters. There is not a 
single commandment whidh the oath of 
the Free Masons does not violate. It is 
against the First Commandment, for the 
oath is not sworn in the name of the true 
God, the Triune God, but in the name of 
the God "in whom the Jew, the Mo- 
hammedan, yea, even the infidel, be- 
lieves." It is against the Second Com- 
mandment, for the worship of the Lord 
is corrupted. It is against the Third 
Commandment, for the word of God, 
which we should hold sacred and gladly 
hear and learn, is despised and dishon- 
ored and his name blasp'hemed. It is 
against the Fourth Commandment, for it 
violates the Sabbath by its parades and 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



109 



excursions. It is against the Fifth Com- 
mandment, for the candidate binds him- 
self not to have ilHcit carnal intercourse 
with a Master Mason's wife, his mother, 
sister or daughter, etc., but nothing is 
said of the wife, sister or daughter of a 
brother of a lower degree. Further, it 
undermines the confidence that should 
exist between a man and his wife. It is 
against the Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Ninth 
and Tenth Commandments, for it threat- 
ens the life, property and the good repu- 
tation of those who for conscience sake 
have revealed the secrets of the lodge; 
the assassination of Morgan is an illus- 
tration. 

The lodges are the greatest danger to 
both state and church. No true lodge 
member can be a true citizen. It is the 
duty of the state to prohibit the terrible 
oaths of some lodges, as it was done by 
several states, when the assassination of 
Morgan became public. It is the duty of 
every good Christian to fight all secret or- 
ganizations, and those who are mem'bers 
already should leave the lodge; for the 
Lord says: "Come out from among 
them and be ye separated, and touch not 
the unclean thing, and I will receive you, 
and will be a father unto you and ye shall 
be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord 
Almighty." 

Shawano, Wis. 



Notwithstanding the excessive heat of 
July, Rev. W. B. Stoddard has been un- 
usually busy in Pennsylvania and Mary- 
land, lecturing seventeen times to good 
audiences, and taking fifty subscribers 
for The Cynosure. Pastors Seiple, Nick- 
las and Burkholder of the Radical U. B. 
Chuch did much to aid 'him in his great 
mission. Bro. Houston of the Associate 
Presbyterian Church, near McConnells- 
burg, Pa., rallied a fine congregation for 
him in the midst of harvest. Pastors 
Adair and Guthrie of the U. P. Church 
arranged for him to preach and lecture. 
In his meetings near McAllisterville, the 
German Baptists and Mennonite Breth- 
ren were his strong supporters. 



That he who blesseth himself in the 
earth shall bless himself in the God of 
truth; and he that sweareth in the earth 
shall swear bv the God of truth. Isa. 

65:16 



SECRET LODGE OATHS. 



WHAT IS AN OATH? 



Dr. Buck, in his Theological Diction- 
ary, says: An oath is a solemn affirma- 
tion wherein we appeal to God as a wit- 
ness of the truth of what we say, and with 
an imprecation of his vengeance or a re- 
nunciation of his favor if w^hat we affirm 
be false, or what we promise be not per- 
formed. 



The late Dr. Charles Hodge of Prince- 
ton, says: An oath is in its nature an act 
of worship. It implies an acknowdedg- 
ment of the existence of God, of his at- 
tributes of omnipresence, omniscience, 
justice, and power; of his moral govern- 
ment over the world, and of our account- 
ability to him as our Sovereign and 
Judge. Hence "to swear by the name of 
Jehovah," and to acknowledge him as 
God are the same thing. The former in- 
volves the latter. * * * \Ve cannot 
admit that Christ intended to pronounce 
all oaths unlawful, when he said, as re- 
corded in Matthew 5: 34: "Swear not 
at all." This would be to suppose that 
Scripture can contradict Scripture, and 
that Christ's conduct did not conform to 
his precepts. 

Nevertheless, his words are very ex- 
plicit. They mean in Greek just w^hat 
our version makes them mean. Our 
Lord did say, "Swear not at all." But in 
the sixth commandment it is said: "Thou 
shalt not kill." That, however, does not 
mean that we may not kill animals for 
food ; for that is permitted and command- 
ed. It does not forbid homicide in self- 
defense, for that also is permitted. 
Neither does it forbid capital punish- 
ment; for that is not only permitted, but 
even commanded. The meaning of this 
command has never been doubted or dis- 
puted, because it is sufficiently explained 
by the context and occasionally by the 
light shed upon it by other texts of 
Scripture. As therefore the command, 
"Thou shalt not kill," forbids only un- 
lawful killing; so also the command, 



110 



CHRiSTiAJs^ cy:nosure. 



Aiis-ust, 1898. 



"Swear not at all," forbids onlv unlawful 



swearnio-. 



President C. A. Blanchard: An oath 
is a solemn appeal to God, calling him to 
witness that we are telling the rrurh. 
Christ said swear not at all, but he no 
doubt meant profane swearing. On his 
trial he recognized the propriety of 
swearing by an appeal to God. For a 
timie he refused to answer, but when his 
accusers said: *'I adjure thee by the liv- 
ing God that thou tell us w'ho thou art," 
Christ immediately answered, thus rec- 
ognizing the validity of the oath. We be- 
lieve that the Bible teaches that an oath 
may be administered to confirm the 
truth. 



OATHS THAT ARE UN-SCRIPTURAL. 



Ex-President John G. Fee, of Berea 
College, Ky. : The oaths of Freema- 
.sonry are blasphemous. Blasphemy is 
not the mere malicious speaking against 
the name of God, but it is perpetrated in 
evoking divine assistance in doing what 
we know not, and which may be wicked 
in itself. Beyond all doubt, taking such 
oaths is taking the name of God in vain. 
* * * An oath may be taken before 
a legally constituted authority for the 
maintenance of.what we solemnly believe 
is truth; but an oath before a person not 
legally or divinely constituted, and that 
for things unknown and possibly wicked, 
is what is not only impious but extra- 
judicial; and, as Webster said, "should 
be suppressed by law." 



Rev. P. B. Williams, Salem, Ore.: 
-Most of the Masonic writers carefully 
conceal the fact that they have oaths, but 
conversation with adhering Masons soon 
brings out the fact that they have. An 
oath requires that a man answer in truth, 
W'hat no man can do if he is ignorant of 
the obligation he takes. The Mason 
.swears to conceal and never reveal that 
which he does not know, and therefore 
how can he know that it is true? 

If a Christian man undertakes to join 
a secret society and comes face to face 
with this point in the initiatory cere- 
mony, where they require him to con- 
ceal some thing he does not know, if he is 
true to an enlightened Christian con- 
science, and to the Lord, he will stop 



right there and go back. If he goes on, 
it will be at the expense of his conscience 
and his Christian life. 

These oaths conflict with a man's re- 
lation to his wife. "They twain shall be 
one flesh," says the Holy Word, but the 
lodges makes them two by putting a 
'barrier between them. According to the 
divine idea of marriage no man has any 
right to join any society in which he must 
swear to conceal anything from his wife. 
To do so is to violate the marriage rela- 
tion, and is more of a scriptural ground 
for divorce than many granted by our 
civil courts. They conflict with the 
church, because Christ, its founder, says : 
"I say unto you, swear not at all." They 
conflict with a man's relation to the state, 
because it prescribes what an oath is, and 
who shall administer it. Nowhere does 
the state mention the "Worshipful Mas- 
ter" of a Masonic lodge, or "Chancellor 
Commander" of a Knights of Pythias 
Lodge; therefore these oaths are extra 
judicial and are not binding, 



The late Dr. J. R. W. Sloane: When is 
swearing the exemplification, and when 
'is it the profanation of the divine ordin- 
ance of' the oath? I answer when it is 
taken in accordance with the divine in- 
stitution it is one; when otherwise, it is 
the other. No organization that has not 
a divine institution, and authority from 
God, to make him a party to its forma- 
tion, has any right to use his name, or 
employ an oath as the bond of its exist- 
ance. Any such use of the oath is there- 
fore unwarranted, and consequently a 
prostitution and profanation, not a prop- 
er administration of it; and consequently 
the sin is in the making, not in the break- 
ing of it. Blackstone, book 9, p. 137, 
says: "The law takes no notice of any 
perjury, but such as is committed in some 
court of justice having power to adminis- 
ter an oath, or before some magistrate, 
or proper officer invested with similar 
authority, in some proceeding relative to 
a civic suit or criminal prosecution." 



Rev. Allen N. Fretz, Souderton, Pa.: 
What shall we say of extra-judicial oaths 
— oaths administered, solemn obligations 
required, with hideous penalties im- 
posed outside of the state and the church, 
in dens of darkness, behind tyled doors, 
by a conclave of similarly foresworn in- 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



Ill 



dividuals, whose main enjoinder, con- 
trary to that of telling "the truth, the 
whole truth and nothing but the truth," 
is to conceal and never to reveal the 
truth, the whole truth and all about the 
truth. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass. — 
A lawful oath is a solemn covenant be- 
tween God ,and the person assuming it, in 
a contract in wdiich a third person acts 
as the authorized agent of the powders or- 
dained of God. An unlawful oath is a 
covenant with the devil, and the person 
assuming it, by. the agency of a third par- 
ty acting without authority from God, 
enters into a contract with the devil. Ths 
one is a covenant wdth God unto life ; the 
other a covenant with hell, unto death, 
and the person Assuming such a covenant 
is either allied to God the Father, Son 
and Holy Ghost or else he is leagued with 
the devil and his legions. In holy wed- 
lock the parties mutually covenant to for- 
sake all others, but when one swears ever 
to conceal from the other on the dicta- 
tion of another that party perjures his 
soul, and the person administering the 
oath of separation is "particeps criminis," 
and, instead of being sent to Congress or 
ordained to the ministry, he should "be 
punished by the judges." 



WINE FROM A HUMAN SKULL. 



The "fifth libation," or drinking wine 
from a human skull, is the most shocking 
feature in the initiation of the Twelfth, or 
Knights Templar, degree. Avery Allyn, 
who took this degree, but renounced and 
revealed it during the whirlw^ind of pub- 
lic indignation that followed the murder 
of Captain Morgan, thus describes how 
the candidate is required to drink wine 
from this ghastly cup, while kneeling at a 
triangular table on which burn twelve 
tapers, and on which are sometimes a 
coffin, skull and crossbones, Bible, etc.: 

"If the candidate hesitates about tak- 
ing the sealed obligation, which is often 
the case, the most eminent says, 'Atten- 
tion, sir knights!' The sir knights im- 
mediately form around the candidate. 
'Handle sword! — draw sw^ord! — charge.' 
The most eminent then says, 'Pilgrim, 
you here see the swords of your compan- 
ions, all drawn, ready to defend you in 
the discharge of every duty we require 



of you. They are also drawn to avenge 
any violation of the rules of our order. 
You promised when you entered the 
chamber of reflection, that you would 
conform to all the ceremonies, rules and 
regulations of this encampment. We 
here have your promise in writing. We 
expect you will proceed. All sir knights 
who have taken this degree have partici- 
pated in the fifth libation; and if there 
is anything in it that you do not perfectly 
understand, it will be qualified and ex- 
plained to your satisfaction.' If the can- 
didate consents to proceed, he takes the 
skull in his hand, and repeats after the 
most eminent as follows: 

" 'This pure wine I take from this cup 
in testimony of my belief of the mortality 
of the body and the immortality of the 
soul; and as the sins of the whole world 
were laid upon the head of our Savior, so 
may the sins o^f the person w^hose skull 
this once was, be heaped upon my head, 
in addition to my own ; and may they ap- 
pear in judgment against me, both here 
and hereafter, should I violate or trans- 
gress any obligation in Masonry, or the 
orders of Knighthood which I have here- 
tofore taken, take at this time, or may 
hereafter be instructed in. So help me 
God.' He then drinks of the wine. 

"The most eminent then takes the skull 
from the candidate, and says, 'This is 
called the sealed obligation, because any 
promise of secrecy made in reference to 
this obligation is considered by Knights 
Templars to be more binding than any 
other obligation can be.' " 



ALL KNIGHT TEMPLARS DRINK FROiVi 
THIS CUP. 



Avery Allyn says: ''When I received 
this degree I objected to drink from the 
human skull and to take the profane oath 
required by the rules of this order. I ob- 
served to the most eminent that I sup- 
posed that that part of the ceremonies, 
would be dispensed with. The sir knights 
charged upon me, and the most eminent 
addressed me as above. A clergyman, an 
acquaintance of mine, came forward, and 
said, 'Companion Allyn, this part of the 
ceremonies is never dispensed with. I 
and all the sir knights have drank from 
that cup and taken the fifth libation. It is 
perfectly proper, and it will be qualified 



112 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



to your satisfaction.' I then drank df the 
*ciip of double damnation.' " 



Is Avery Allyn good authority on this 
subject? He received a diploma from 
the New Haven, Conn., encampment of 
Knights Templars in 1827, certifying 
that he had taken the degrees of the Red 
Cross, Knights Templars, and Knights 
of IMalta. He stood among the highest 
Masons in the United States, and, in the 
great anti-Masonic uprising after the 
murder of Captain Morgan, he was as- 
signed the task of preparing a complete 
ritual of the higher degrees, as the best 
qualified of any who stood in the ranks 
of the seceders. His book of 270 pages 
was published in New York in 183 1, and 
contains a complete exposition of the 
higher as well as lower degrees. 

He had spent many months in deliver- 
ing lectures before crowded audiences, in 
New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, 
Massachusetts, and in Philadelphia. As 
the result, thousands seceded from the 
order. But he was mobbed, imprisoned 
and libeled. The house in which he lec- 
tured was more than once torn down, 
often the windows and doors were broken 
in, but in spite of all he moved 'forward 
imdaunted in the path of duty. 



ANOTHER IMPORTANT WITNESS. 



In the year 1829, three years after the 
murder of Morgan, Elder David Ber- 
nard, a minister of the Genesee Baptist 
Association of the State of New York, 
was one among the first to secede from 
the Masonic institution. John Quincy 
Adams, ex-President of the United 
States, in his address to the people of 
Massachusetts in 1833, says of David 
Bernard, ''He was a man of good repute 
and blameless life and conversation. Like 
many others he was ensnared into the 
taking of fifteen degrees of Freemasonry, 
and was Intimate Secretary of the Lodge 
of Perfection. >i^ 'i^ * To David Ber- 
nard perhaps, more than any other man 
the world is indebted ;for the revelation of 
the most execrable mysteries of Mason- 
ry, nor could he as a minister of the Word 
of God have performed a service to his 
country and fellow Christians more suit- 
able to his sacred functions. It was prin- 
cipally by his exertions that the Le Roy 



convention of seceding Masons assem- 
bled and published the oaths, obligations 
and penalties of the higher degrees of 
the order." 

Elder Bernard collected all the most 
important documents upon the subject 
inspired by that period of excitement, 
and published them in one volume enti- 
tled, "Light on Masonry." This volume 
contained a revelation of all, or nearly 
all, the degrees of Masonry, a minute his- 
tory of the Morgan trials, etc. It was at 
that time the most reliable exposition of 
Masonry ever given to the world. The 
author who had taken the Knights Tem- 
plar degree gives it in almost the same 
words as Avery Allyn. At the mouth of 
two such witnesses should every word 
be established. More than this, his ex- 
position of this, together with lower de- 
grees, was read before seceders at the 
Le Roy convention and indorsed by their 
resolution. 



OATHS AND PENALTIES. 



The above is the title of a forty-page 
booklet giving the oaths and penalties of 
thirty-three degrees of Freemasonry. It 
is compiled by Franklin Paine, Sr., a se- 
ceding Master Mason, and published by 
Ezra A. Cook. It reveals at a glance the 
horrible oaths and death penalties of 
Freemasonry, and it is generally admit- 
ted that it is the oath which makes the 
Mason. The publisher in his preface 
says: *Tt would seem as if the ingenuit^j 
oif a party of fiends had been taxed to 
the utmost to imagine the most horrible 
mutilations possible to be inflicted upon 
the initiate, and then, as if not satisfied 
with these in the fifth, sixth, seventh, thir- 
teenth, fourteenth, sixteenth, twenty- 
first, twenty-fourth, twenty-fifth, twenty- 
sixth, thirty-first, thirty-second and thir- 
ty-third degrees, the candidate impre- 
cates on himself again all the penalties 
of the former degrees, thus making a to- 
tal of 191,477 horrible oaths in these thir- 
ty-three degrees." Surely, "because of 
swearing the land mourneth." 

Hundreds have testified to the correct- 
ness of these oaths. Those off the highest 
degrees are taken from the manuscript 
of Rev. Dr. Frederick Dalcho, of South 
Carolina. Elder David Bernard says in 
his ''Reminiscences" that in 1826 Dr. 



Ausrust, 1898. 



CHKISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



113 



Dalcho was one of three Sovereign In- 
spector Generals of the order. With him 
were deposited the written manuscripts 
of Masonry of all the higher degrees. 
When David Bernard's Lodge of Perfec- 
tion at Schenectady was instituted, Dr. 
Dalcho furnished the manuscripts. He 
copied them from the original records for 
that lodge and gave Mr. Yates of Schen- 
ectady, the Grand Commander, the elev- 
en degrees for that lodge and all the rest. 
Afterward Mr. Yates loaned them to El- 
der Bernard, who carefully copied them. 



A SATISFACTORY PROOF. 



PROOF THAT FREEMASONS TAKE 
THESE OATHS. 



In replying to a letter from Rev. Pres- 
ton K. Sheldon, pastor of the Baptist 
Church, Watkins, N. Y., in w4iich he 
denied that Mr. Ronayne had correctly 
revealed Freemasonry, the latter said: 
"Its oaths and its penalties of death are 
horrible, unlawful and inhuman ; a shame 
to the civilization of the age, and directly 
opposed to the spirit and genius of our 
American institutions; and I here assert 
that no Mason in the country, not even 
Preston K. Sheldon, dare come out over 
his own signature and declare that he has 
not taken these horrible oaths, and that 
he is not 'bound' under these barbarous 
and blood-curdling death penalties. I 
have administered these oaths in Key- 
stone lodge and in other popular Ma- 
sonic lodges in this city time and again, 
and now I am writing this in my own 
home in the community where I have re- 
sided for thirty years, surrounded by 
many of my former brother Masons; and 
I have only to add that those of them to 
whom I have shown Mr. Sheldon's letter 
smiled with scorn at the bare idea that a 
man professing to be a Christian, and a 
Christian minister, should write such 
silly stuff, and use the beautiful pet 
names he employes in defense of Ma- 
sonry." 



And I will come near to you in judg- 
ment ; and I will be a swift witness against 
the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, 
and against false swearers, and against 
those that oppress the hireling in his 
wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and 
that turn aside the stranger from his 
right, and fear not me, saith the Lord of 
hosts. Mai. 3: 5. 



The most conclusive proof that the 
rituals and work of secret societies, pub- 
lished by the National Christian Associa- 
tion are the genuine secret rituals and 
work of the lodge is the testimony of se- 
ceders from these lodges who may now 
be numbered by hundreds. Another 
proof is that lodge members buy our rit- 
uals by the thousand to use them in post- 
ing themselves for lodge work. The Ma- 
sonic press 'has again and again warned 
Masons against this, and as a prevent- 
ive, has published its own rituals and 
degree work in cipher for the use of its 
members in the lodge. 

Next to the testimony of seceders, this 
is the most convincing proof of the genu- 
inness of our expositions. Redding Sz 
Co., at 212 Broadway, New York, are 
the most extensive Masonic publishers in 
the country and publish the secret work 
of the first three degrees of Freemasonry 
in cipher, in a little book entitled "Ecce 
Orienti," sold for $2.50, but which should 
not cost more than 25 cents. It can be 
procured at this office and can be easily 
read by any one comparing it with our 
rituals. For example, the fourth clause 
in the Master Masons' oath, as found in 
"Ecce Orienti," reads as follows: 

Y. tt. I. wl. kp. th. scs. o'. a. wth. B. 
M. Esn. a', 'invbl. a. s. m.-o'n. whn. 
cmct. t. an', red. b'. m.-a.-sh. md. trs. 
xcpd. 

In our rituals it reads: "Further, that 
I will keep the secrets of a worthy broth- 
er Master Mason as inviolable' as my 
own when communicated to, and received 
by me as such, murder and treason ex- 
cepted." 

Another clause in this oath, as pub- 
lished in Ecce Orienti, is: 

^ Y. d'. p. an' s. tt. I. wl. nt. vl. th. chs. 
o'. a M. E.s wf. wd. mth. sst. o'r dt. or. 
sf. it.^ b. dn. b'. anth. i-f. i. m'. pr. t. pvt. 

Wliich in our rituals reads: "Further, 
I do promise and swear that I will not 
violate the chastity of a Master Mason's 
wife, widow, mother, sister or daughter, 
or sufTer it to be done by another if ni mv 
power to prevent it." 



Thou shalt fear the Lord thv God; 
him shalt thou seT\'e, and to him shalt 
thou cleave, and swear by his name. 
Deut. 10: 20. 



114 



CHRISTIu^JN CYNOSUKE. 



Ausust, 189S. 



TESTIMONIES FROM SECEDERS. 



Deacon John Sutcliffe is a main pillar 
in the Baptist Church at Wheaton, 111., 
and a man of unimpeachable character. 
He writes: "I have taken three degrees 
in Freemasonry, but have left the lodge 
forever. The oaths in your published ex- 
positions of Freemasonry are just as I 
took them in the lodge. You are doing 
a good and much-needed work in ^ex- 
posing this hidden work oi darkness." 

Rev. J. C. Brodfuehrer, D. D., of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, Chicago: 
At the solicitation of some friends in i860 
at Warren, 111., I was induced to join a 
lodge of Free Masons. After taking the 
first degree I was so impressed with the 
emptiness of its pretensions that, guided 
bv the Holy Spirit I then and there re- 
solved to go no further. Reflecting upon 
mv vows as a minister of Jesus Christ, I 
feft that I could not consistently serve 
two masters; and so terminated forever 
mv probation as an entered apprentice to 
Baal. 



Samuel J. Ward, a pillar in the Free 
Methodist Church, Larwill, Ind.: About 
ten years ago, through the solicitation 
of many Masonic friends and the hope of 
obtaining cheap life insurance, I was in- 
duced to take the first two degrees in 
Freemasonry. =^^ * * About that time 
a friend of ours gave us Ronayne's Hand 
Book. Imagine my astonishment and 
chagrin when I found the first two de- 
grees as published by Mr. Ronayne were 
exactly as I had taken them in the lodge. 
I had been deceived with the idea that I 
was getting secrets that the outside world 
knew nothing about. 

David Cowan, attorney-at-law, Ash- 
land Block, Chicago: When I went into 
Freemasonry I was led around the lodge 
blindfold, and made to kneel down 
and my hands were placed upon the 
square and compass upon a large Bible, 
which I could not see, and thus I repeat- 
ed the oath. When I took the Master 
Mason's degree I was led around hood- 
wnnked, when somebody grabbed me and 
I Avas struck a tremendous blow on the 
head, knocking me down. They were 
holding a sheet into which I fell, but the 
sheet was on the floor, and from that fall 



I got something like hip disease. I have 
taken the Royal Arch and higher de- 
grees and it has cost me much money. 
What brought me out was Dr. Dowie's, 
prayers. He was praying for me one 
day when I complained of the awful pain, 
in my back. He told me What was true, 
that I got it when I was knocked down in 
the lodge; so I told him my experience. 



Rev. W. S. Jacoby, pastors assistant of 
the Moody Church, Chicago: I took the 
degrees of Freemasonry up to the 
Knights Templar degree some years ago 
at Jefferson, Iowa. But afterwards, 
when I found Christ, during a season of 
revival meetings at Guthrie Center, lowa^ 
I renounced the whole business as anti- 
Christian, and buried my beautiful sword 
and Knights Templar uniform in my 
garden. At my initiation I remember 
drinking something out of a human skull, 
but am unable to testify that it was pure 
wine, and as I heard the Knights Tem- 
plar oath only once, and never tried to re- 
member it, I could not now identify it. 



W. C. Earhart, of Birch, Wash., writes 
that he has taken all the degrees of Ma- 
sonry up to the Royal Arch, and that he 
has read the anti-Masonic expositions 
and that they correctly reveal it up to 
that degree. He began to read and pra)^ 
over his Bible and especially over the 
13th chapted of Revelation, and felt that 
he had the mark of the beast both on his 
right hand and forehead. He realized the 
penalty of his obligations, that he was un- 
der a dreadful curse, and obligated to 
murder and kill. He looked every way 
for deliverance, but found none till he 
saw the Lord Jesus standing between 
him and his oaths, and that his blood 
could cleanse from this, as well as every 
other sin. So he withdrew from the 
lodge and burnt his demit and turned his 
back on Masonry forever, and is now re- 
joicing in salvation through Christ. 

John NicoU is a prominent real estate 
agent in Goldfield, Iowa; an elder in the 
United Presbyterian Church, and held in 
high esteem by all who know him. He 
writes: "I have taken three degrees in 
Freemasonry, or, in other words, I have 
been raised to the sublime degree of a 
Master Mason. I left the lodge because 
I saw its tendency was to lead men a\vay 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUiKE. 



li: 



from the church into infidehty. When 
'the leading infidel of the town was elect- 
ed Worshipful Master I gave up the 
lodge and have never returned. I have 
read Morgan's exposition, and Bernard's 
.and Duncan's, and can testify that they 
have revealed Masonry substantially as 
I received it in the lodge. The horrible 
throat-cutting, tongue-tearing, bowel- 
burning death penalties have not been 
overstated, neither has the oath to con- 
ceal crime, nor the prohibition of illicit 
intercourse with the female relatives of 
Masons only." 



H. W. Judd, of Chicago: I Avent 
through the Blue Lodge degrees of Free- 
masonry in Englewood Lodge about 
1886. In 1890 I took the Consistory de- 
crees up to the thirty-second in the Ma- 
sonic Temple, Chicago. When Masons 
tell you that there is any Christianity in 
Masonry you can put it down as a down- 
right falsehood; either he know^s he is 
willfully lying or does not know what 
Christianity is. In all the thirty-two de- 
crees of Masonry I have taken, I have 
yet to hear the name of Jesus or the word 
repentance mentioned in a Masonic 
lodge. I found after I had been truly 
converted throug-h Dr. Dowie's teaching 
that I could not be a pure-minded Chris- 
tian and belong to secret societies, and 
I want to tell you, God has removed all 
fear from my heart, and I am trusting 
Jesus as my Savior, my healer, cleanser 
and keeper, and such joy and happiness 
I have never experienced in my lifetime 
before. 



James Ferguson, of Gering, Neb., 
writes: 'T was made a Mason in Mar- 
^aretville Lodge, No. 389, Delaware 
County, N. Y., and I was sworn to keep 
the secrets of my brothers, murder and 
treason excepted, and them at my own 
option. I have been in the lodge in Per- 
rysburg, Ohio; also in Angola Lodge, 
Indiana, and in Burr Oak, and Morenci 
lodges, Michigan, and murder and trea- 
son were in the Masonic obligation in^all 
these States. When I was taking the ob- 
ligation and came to the murder and trea- 
son clause, the thought flashed through 
my mind that they would stand by me in 
any deviltry that I was tempted to get 
into. When God converted my soul and 
l)aptized me with the Holy Ghost, I could 



tell the truth about Masonry as well as 
anything else. I interpret the obligation 
just as Brother Ronayne does, so that I 
am in the same boat with him." 



ARE THESE OATHS BINDING? 



President C. A. Blanchard said in a 
convention address at Wheaton some 
years ago: "Masonic oaths are unlaw- 
ful because they bind to conceal w^hat 
the candidate does not know. They are 
like the oath of Herod to the foolish 
dancing girl. He did not know that she 
would ask the head of John the Baptist, 
and when she did ask it he was not bound 
by his rash and sinful oath to give it. 
The oaths of Freemasonry are not bind- 
ing because they contain permissions to 
do wrong. When they swear a member 
not to wrong a brother member, or to se- 
duce the wife, sister or daughter of a 
member, there is the implied permission 
that they may thus wrong those who are 
not members. If you send your boy 
down town and tell him he must not steal 
from the corner store on the right hand 
side, would that direction not imply a 
permission that he might steal from the 
other stores? The spirit that runs 
through all these secret orders is the 
spirit of selfishness, and their oaths and 
obligations cover a multitude of sins. 
They are not binding because they are 
obtained by misrepresentation and 
fraud. The candidate is told that there is 
nothing in it to conflict with his obliga- 
tions to others, while in very many re- 
spects they conflict, and this fact alone 
renders the contract null and void. Pres- 
ident Finney, of Oberlin College, who 
had taken these oaths, declared them to 
be sinful, and that they must be con- 
fessed and repented of before we can find 
favor with God." 



We find some seceders from the lodge 
under the same impression thus described 
by President Blanchard : "I *met a minis- 
ter recently at the Northfield conference 
who had been a Mason and had separ- 
ated from the lodge because he believed 
it was wrong; yet he regarded his oaths 
as still binding and could not be induced 
to publicly testify against the order. I 
have met many men who regard their se- 
cret society obligations from the same 
standpoint. They regard their lodge ob- 



116 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



ligations as still binding even after they 
have left the order.'' 



President Blanchard then gave a thrill- 
ing account of Dr. N. Colver, first pastor 
of Tremont Temple Baptist Church, Bos- 
ton, who, while kneeling at a Masonic 
altar in the act of taking the oath, refused 
to go any further, and in spite of the re- 
monstrances and threatenings of the Ma- 
sons, he demanded his clothing and or- 
dering the tyler to stand aside, he left the 
lodge room never to return. For a time 
he supposed the obligations of Masonry 
were binding upon him. But he never 
found full peace of conscience till at a 
public meeting he confessed and revealed 
it all. He afterward wrote : "From that 
time to this I have neither honored, obey- 
ed nor spared that lying impostor, Free- 
masonrv." 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Washington, 
D. C: Our workers constantly meet 
the assertion that those who have taken 
lodge oaths cannot be believed if they 
have repudiated these oaths. If they 
have not connected with the lodge they 
lack knowledge. If connection has been 
severed their testimony is valueless. Vio- 
lating their obligation they are unrelia- 
ble. The absurdity of these statements 
are so apparent to the informed that they 
are apt to question the sincerity of the 
one making them. 

If we allow for WTong education and 
the lack of educatio'n in this direction, I 
think we must conclude that many make 
such statements in good faith. May I 
ask such to reflect for a little on from 
whence obligations come? Who alone 
can place us under obligation? What 
constitutes an obUgation? In answer- 
ing these questions we will find that the 
only obligation resting upon lodge mem- 
bers is to expose its wickedness. God in 
placing us in this world has brought us 
under obligation to do right. There is 
no escaping this duty. No one is ever 
under obligation to d® wrong. Any man 
or company of men who try to place one 
under obligation to do wrong must fail. 
That all lodges do this appears, when we 
remember that they try to place tlieir 
members under obligation to disobey 
God's explicit command, "Thou shalt not 
foreswear thyself." God's command to 
the individual brings to him an obliga- 



tion that can never be changed. The 
conclusion is unavoidable. God places 
man under obligation not to foreswear; 
he can therefore be under no obligation 
to a lodge that says you must foreswear. 
There being no obligation to restrain 
from revealing and having explicit com- 
mand to exhort, warn, reveal, etc., duty 
is clear. 

But, says one, you forget those oaths 
that have been so solemnly taken never 
to reveal. My friend, stop and think. 
Can swearing to do a wrong make it 
right? Can an oath bring obligation 
where God has placed none? In other 
words, do oaths bring obligation? Is a 
man under more obligation to do right 
after swearing than before? God and 
common sense teach that obligations 
cannot conflict. As I am under obli,2:a- 
tion as a follower of Christ to "expose the 
hidden things of dishonesty," I cannot 
be placed under obligation to conceal 
them. 



W. F. Place, a Free Mason, writing in 
the Sabbath Recorder, says: "There is 
no thought, culture, mental or spiritual 
awakening at the ordinary (lodge) meet- 
ings; they meet, go through certain 
forms and depart — more than a million 
men thus acting every month. With the 
fullest activity possible, there is but the 
range of forms, longer or shorter, accord- 
ing to the work. Again, the oaths, 
though not taken seriously, are perhaps 
on that account more pernicious. To 
swear solemnly to what you know will 
never be required, nor punished as prom- 
ised, is really more demoralizing than to 
take such oaths in full earnest — and that 
is bad enough." 



President Wm. G. Hubbard, of the 
American Friend's Peace Association, 
says: "The oath and obligations of Ma- 
sonry are blasphemous and pagan. The 
Masons used to deny that outsiders knew 
what these oaths were, but now any hon- 
est Mason will admit that by the confes- 
sions of Morgan and Ronayne and other 
recanting Masons these oaths have all 
been published. When I read these oaths 
as published by Dr. Finney, I was aston- 
ished that any civilized being could take 
such an obligation. I can only account 
for it from the fact that in the average 
man there is a large element of paganism 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



117 



Still remaining that has never been 
brought under refining processes of di- 
vine grace, and but little under ci\al cul- 
ture." 



Edmund Ronayne, of Chicago, in re- 
plying to a minister, Rev. Preston K. 
Sheldon, who had denounced him as a 
born liar for revealing the oaths of Free- 
masonry, said: "But this thing was not 
done in a corner. Surely Air. Sheldon 
must know something of the convention 
of Free Masons 'held in Le RxDy, N. Y., 
on July 4, 1828, when one hundred and 
three Masons publicly seceded from the 
order and caused all the degrees, from 
the first to the thirty-third, inclusive, to 
be compiled and published; and this 
work was accomplished by Elder David 
Bernard, an honored Baptist minister, in 
the Genesee conference, and who was 
also himself a seceding Mason. 

"President Charles G.Finney, of Ober- 
lin College, one of the most renow^ned 
and successful preachers and instructors 
of his day, wrote out and interpreted 
Freemasonry just as I am doing. Was 
Charles G. Finney a born liar? and had 
he, too, a vicious heart? Stephen Mer- 
ritt, one of the foremost Christian work- 
ers in New York City, and a man who has 
taken all the alleged Masonic degrees 
there are, publicly seceded from the or- 
der only a year or two ago, and gives 
precisely the same interpretation of Ma- 
sonry that I do. So do Ezra T. Mc- 
Intire of Boston, J. O. Doesburg of Hol- 
land, Mich., Thos. Lowe of Coloma, 
Wis., and many more that I could name, 
all of them at one time holding high po- 
sitions in their lodges and chapters, but 
who for conscience sake came out from 
under the yoke of Masonry and its fear- 
ful oaths, and are now free men in Christ 
Jesus as well as free Americans." 



THEIR INFLUENCE IN THE HOME. 



The family is fundamental to civilized 
society. A family can never exist where 
the mutual relations and duties of hus- 
band and wife, parents and children, are 
not recognized. God's law of marriage 
respecting the united head of the family 
is, "They shall be no more twain, but one 
flesh." Under this divine law, the wife 
has as much a right to know where her 



husband is, and what he is doing at any 
hour of the day or night, as the husband 
has to know where his wife is and w^hat 
she is doing. Rights in this case are ex- 
actly equal. 

Can a woman place implicit confidence 
in her husband when she knows that he 
has sworn to deceive her by "concealing'" 
his doings when absent from his family, 
perhaps at the hour of midnight? Can 
any man study the science, and habitually 
practice the art of deception, craftily di- 
vert a discourse and artfully manage a 
conversation to deceive his own children 
without teaching them to become lying 
experts and cunning hypocrites, so en- 
dangering the peace and well-being of 
his family? 

Can any man, without extreme peril 
to his own manners and morals, asso- 
ciate on terms of equality in the lodge 
wdth gamblers, adulterers, drinkers and 
profane swearers? or can he keep his 
covenant to "conceal" their secrets from 
his wife and still be true to his marriage 
vow? Can any intelligent woman, truly 
honor the husband as a true man, who 
classes her with "irreligious libertines?" 
or is it possible for a child to reverence 
a father, who yields his "private judg- 
ment" and indorses an institution that 
classes his mother with idiots and athe- 
ists? 

Is it not absolutely certain that such 
an order must be a bane in the family, 
and casting a shadow of gloom over the 
household, become a blight upon society, 
poisoning, as it must, the foundation of 
individual and national life? 



THEIR INFLUENCE IN THE STATE. 



The most fearful- influence of secret 
lodge oaths, with their cut-throat pen- 
alties, is to train men for deeds of bloody 
cruelty. "The late war," said Jonathan 
Blanchard, "was a holiday sham fight to 
the revolution in France, where prison- 
ers were drowned in her rivers for safe- 
keeping till their channels were choked 
Avith corpses, and reddened with gore. 
Old men, women and children were thus 
disposed of; and girls, seeing their lovers 
drowning, were seen to leap from the 
banks into the water, and they sank in 
death, clasped in each others arms. How 
are we to account for this? Are French- 
men human monsters? and born in a 



lis 



OHR'ISTIL'^N CYNOSUHE. 



August, 1898. 



country which produced Fenelon and 
Lafayette? No, they are not monsters; 
they are the poHtest people on earth; 
and 'poHteness is benevolence in trifles/ 
The explanation is this: Those revolu- 
tionists were Free Masons, initiated by 
Popish priests and sworn to receive and 
enforce penalties by manglings, which 
President J. Q. Adams forcibly said, a 
humane butcher would not inflict in 
slauofhterins: a hosf." 



Prof. John Robinson, L. L. D., in his 
book on "Freemasonry a Conspiracy 
Against All P.eligions and Govern- 
ments," quotes the following illustration 
of hcAV men were trained for the horrible 
butcheries of the French revolution. The 
quotation was from a book published in 
1796 by Prof. Latocnaye: 

"A candidate for reception into one of 
the highest orders, after having heard 
many threatenings, denounced against 
all who should betray the secrets of the 
order, was conducted to a place where he 
saw the dead bodies of several who were 
said to have suffered for their treachery. 
He then saw his own brother tied hand 
and foot, begging his mercy and interces- 
sion. He was informed that this person 
was about to suffer the punishment due 
to his offense, and that it was reserved for 
him (the candidate) to be the instrument 
of this just vengeance, and that this gave 
him an opportunity of manifesting that 
he was completely devoted to the order. 

"It being observed that his counten- 
ance gave signs of inward horror (the 
person in bonds imploring his mercy all 
the time), he was told that in order to 
spare his feelings a bandage should be 
put over his eyes. A dagger was then 
put into his right hand, and being hood- 
winked, his left hand was laid on the 
palpitating heart of the criminal, and he 
was then ordered to strike. He instant- 
ly obeyed, and when the bandage was 
taken from his eyes, he saw that it was a 
lamb that he had stabbed. Surely such 
trials and such wanton cruelty are only 
fit for training conspirators." 



Rev. Thos. M. Chalmers, Chicago: In 
the Royal Arch, or seventh degree, the 
candidate promises and swears to aid and 
assist a companion Royal Arch Mason 
when engaged in any difficulty, and es- 
pouse his cause, so far as to extricate him 



from the same, "if in my power, whether 
he be right or wrong." Consider what 
this involves. A Royal Arch Mason may 
be a saloon-keeper, and violate the law 
against selling on the Sabbath, or any 
other law for restraining or prohibiting 
the sale of liquor, and every Royal Arch 
Mason, whether minister, elder, law- 
maker, or other citizen, is required by his 
obligation to aid this man in escaping the 
penalty of the violated law. 



Rev. J. C. McFeeters, D. D., of Phila- 
delphia: Do you believe that a man can 
be safely entrusted with power in a civil 
office, who, kneeling on bended knee, 
with hands on the Holy Bible, swears 
under the most dreadful imprecations 
that he "will aid and assist a companion 
when engaged in any difficulty, and 
espouse his cause so far as to extricate 
him from the same if within his power, 
if he be right or wrong." This is a part 
of the obligation of the Royal Arch Ma- 
son to his brothers of the lodge. How 
does this harmonize with the obligation 
of the other oath requiring a just and im- 
partial administration of office? How 
does it correspond with the spirit of free 
institutions in this republic? 



Rev. J. B. Galloway, Poynette, Wis.: 
The Masonic oath is evidently meant for 
protection. It must be taken either to 
protect themselves against themselves or 
from the abominable character of the 
outside world, or both. In either case 
what an appalling condition must our 
common American society be in! And 
when the strong, and mig^hty, and moral, 
must needs be protected and cemented 
together by such extraordinary and hor- 
rible obligations, in the consummation, 
what will become of the poor church of 
Christ, the family, and the state, neither 
of which have any such protection? 



A learned New England divine writes : 
"In a case where a citizen has taken an 
oath of office, or other oath binding him 
to loyalty and observance of civil law, it 
is obviously improper for him to take an 
oath in a Masonic lodge, which is con- 
trary to the former one and subversive of 
duty. It is also a presumptuous sin to 
say, *So help me God,' concerning an 
obligation contradictory and destructive 
of another already taken with the same 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYKOlSUHE. 



119 



invocation. There is a similar boldness 
of sin in thus appealing to God where the 
oath is against virtue, to which the candi- 
date was under previous obligation, and 
contrary to the letter or spirit of the law 
of the very God who is called upon." 



ARE THEY A MATTER OF 
ENCE? 



NDIFFER 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.— 
Justifying his averment that a Masonic is 
more binding than the civil oath, a man 
at West Salem, Ohio, evolved this cun- 
ning sophistry: *T took my obligation 
as a Mason of 'my own free will and ac- 
cord.' I take a civil oath at the dictation 
of others. Where the two conflict, I am 
bound by my voluntary oath, and not by 
that assumed under constraint. To vio- 
late a voluntary oath is moral perjury in 
the sight of God. The responsibility in a 
compulsory oath, when violated, rests 
with those who impose it, and the man 
who breaks it is morally exonerated." 
To what extent this ''doctrine of devils" 
is indorsed by the secret clans can be in- 
ferred from their practice when a brother 
is on trial, rather than from wordy asser- 
tions to the contrary. 



HOW TO GET FREE FROM LODGE 
OATHS. 



Rev. J. C. McFeeters, D. D., of Phila- 
delphia: The oaths of secret societies are 
among the strongest bonds that bind mis- 
guided souls as captives of Satan. Some 
blindly hug their chains and fancy them 
wings with which to soar up to the high 
places of trust and salary. Yet many 
would doubtless fling them off if they 
knew how. There is a way of liberty 
open to all. Jesus is the way. He whom 
Jesus makes free ''is free indeed." He 
hears the prisoners sighing and sets him 
free. One straight look to Jesus for help 
will bring the Holy Spirit who will shed 
light upoin the mind to take in the horri- 
ble situation, and apply the blood of 
Christ to take away the guilt and will fill 
the heart with new courage and holy mo- 
tives causing a consciousness of true and 
honorable manhood to cover the changed 
life with a dignity that is of heaven. 



And let none of you imagine e\nl in 
your hearts against his neighbor; and 
love no false oath; for all these are things 
that I hate, saith the Lord. Zech 8: 17. 



Rev. A. M. Milligan, D. D,, once said 
in a convention address: "If the inter- 
pretation which I have given of the oath 
and its proper application be true and I 
have shown its correctness from Scrip- 
ture and from the highest authorities in 
law and theology, then it follows that 
oaths used in constituting a Masonic 
fraternity, or by that fraternity in the in- 
duction of its members, are extra-judi- 
cial, and consequently of no binding force 
whatever. 

"What, then, are they a matter of in- 
difference? Is it of no consequence 
whether a person takes them or not? By 
no means. It is a profanation of a most 
solemn ordinance, as much so as a com- 
pany of boys administering the Lord's 
Supper. Nay, more; it is a deception, an 
imposition on those uninformed as to the 
true nature of an oath. This is true no 
doubt both of those administering and of 
those taking the oath. They are made 
believe that the oaths they take are of the 
most binding nature, and to increase this 
impression terrible penalties are append- 
ed to the oaths such as to have my 
throat cut across and my tongue torn out 
by the roots — to have my left breast torn 
open and my heart and vitals taken from 
thence, etc. And to have my body sev- 
ered in two in the midst and divided to 
the north and south, and my bowels 
burned to ashes. To each degree they 
are initiated by a renewal of these spuri- 
ous oaths, and the addition of new and 
more horrible penalties to increase in the 
minds of the candidates the sense of his 
obligation. 

"Why all this? In the criminal court, 
where the life of a prisoner is at stake in 
the testimony of a witness, he is sworn 
"So help me God." In the naturalization 
of a citizen, or the inauguration of the 
officer in whose hands is intrusted the na- 
tion's safety, the oath is simply "As I 
shall answer to God," but to keep the 
secrets of the order or of a brother ^la- 
son, not only is the oath reduplicated in 
its solemn form, but these terrible pen- 
alties are appended. Why? Evidently 
to impress upon the members the idea 
that their obligations to the order are su- 
period to every other obligation, that 
they owe a higher loyalty to the lodge" 



120 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



than to their country or to their church, 
that they are more sternly bound to keep 
the secrets of a brother jMason than the 
witnesses' oath can bind them to reveal 
his guilt. Hence it is no uncommon 
thing to hear Masons say that if they had 
to leave their church or the order they 
Avould leave their church, and if one of 
th€m under oath reveals Masonic secrets 
to charge him with 'perjury.' " 



iMtotiaL 



MASONRY NOT FOUNDED ON THE 
BIBLE. 



•The claim that Masonry and Oddfel- 
lowship are founded on the Bible is one 
that cannot bear examination. Masonic 
authority, moreover, repudiates the claim 
and declares explicitly that ''Masonry is 
not founded on the Bible," and that "if it 
were founded on the Bible it would not 
be Masonry; it would be something else." 
Anti-Masonry, on the other hand, is ob- 
viously founded on the Bible. It can 
cite texts and appeal also to the whole 
tenor of both the Old Testament and the 
New, and while other lines of argument 
are not neglected, the contention of the 
National Christian Association's Anti- 
Masonic Reform is predominantly Bib- 
lical. Not Masonry, but anti-Masonry, 
is founded on the Bible. 



A SECRETARY OF STATE. 



Some of the ablest men have held the 
ofihce of Secretary of State, and no mart 
not possessied of extraordinary ability is 
qualified to fill the position. Eminent 
among the&e was Wm.. H. Seward, of the 
cabinet of President Lincoln. He was 
well qualified to judge of such a question 
as the relations of any other governmenft, 
or any combination of m-en, to the United 
States Government and its citizens. He 
was not a weak or ignorant man hasten^ 
ing to speak of what be could not under- 
stand when he said, ''Secret societies, sir? 
Before I would place my hand between 
the hands of other m^en, in a secret lodge, 
order, class or council, and, bending on 
my knee before them, enter into a com- 
bination with them for any object, per- 



sonal or political, good or bad, I pray to 
God that that hand and that knee might 
be paralyzed, and that I might becomie an 
object of pity and .even the mockery of 
my fellow men. Swear, sir! I, a man, an 
Amierican citizen, a Christian, swear to 
submit myself to the guidance and direc- 
tion of other men, surrendering my own 
judgment to their judgmients, and my 
own conscience to their keeping! No, 
no, sir. I know quite well the fallibility 
of my own judgment and my liability to 
fall into error and temptation. But my 
life has been spent in breaking the bonds 
of the slavery of men. I therefore know 
too well the danger of confiding power to 
irresponsible hands, to make myself a 
willing slave." 



SHALLOWNESS OF MASONRY. 



Judge Daniel H. Whitney was once 
master of a Masonic lodge, but became 
convinced that Masonry as held by the 
grand lodge of his State w^as disloyal, and 
renounced it. Of course, any statement 
made by him carries authority. After 
giving up the order in disgust he wrote: 
"Those who are not Masons are under the 
impression that there is something about 
Masonry that is rnysteriously instructive 
and sublime. Now there is nothing un- 
der the circle of the sun further fromi it. 
Any half dozen of my readers may as- 
semble together and agree upon certain 
grips and signs and passwords, and upon 
a ceremony of initiation, obligate them- 
selves to keep this from all the world but 
those to whom it shall be revealed accord- 
ing to their established rules, and solemn- 
ly pledge themselves to stand by each 
other and all who shall become associated 
with them, through thick and thin, and 
they will have an institution similar, as 
in^structive, as august and sublime, as is 
the institution of 'Ancient Freemason- 
ry.' " This is the estimate of a mam who 
had been the head officer of a lodge. 



Have you sincerely tried to interest 
your next-door neighbor in The Cyno- 
sure cause? 



Call the attention of your neighbor to 
the testimonies of seceders in this num- 
ber. 



August, 1898. 



OHHISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



121 



A HINDRANCE IN PASTORAL WORK. 



At the meeting of the Alumni Associa- 
tion of Chicago Theological Seminary 
(Congregational) held last May, among 
the papers was one presented by Rev. 
Milo P. Thing, of Stacyville, Iowa, a 
member of the class of '84, on the topic, 
"Hindrances in Pastoral Work." The 
paper is too long to be given entire in the 
columns of The Cynosure, but under one 
heading he paid his regards to secret so- 
cieties as follows: 

"Probably there are some here who are 
'in 'em' and who will spring to the de- 
fence of the beloved 'awdahs' and I 
could but wish there could be an equal 
loyalty to the church, but alas! with a 
great majority the lodge comes first. 
Where are the majority of men, yea, 
women, too, on prayer meeting nights? 
Many of them are at the lodge meeting. 
This is not the place to speak of the silly, 
unmanly, even disgusting initiatory cere- 
monies, the hair-Hfting oaths and blood- 
curdling penalties; the unfraternal, un- 
patriotic, anti-Christian character of the 
teaching of the society rituals, but a pas- 
tor can hardly fail to see the hindrance 
the lodges have come to be when he 
realizes how they are absorbing the men 
and means Avhich otherwise would come 
to the church. There is not a mission 
board, home or foreign, to-day, unless it 
is the Moravian, which is not hampered 
and harassed by debt. * * * Yet 
the lodges in their initiations and dues ab- 
sorb enough to pay these debts ten times. 

"It is not possible to speak with precis- 
ion as to the exact amount wdiich the se- 
cret societies absorb yearly, because 
many do not publish financial statements 
of receipts and expenditures. The 
amount has been variously estimated, and 
the highest estimate which has been pub- 
lished is about $85,000,000. One society, 
claiming to be purely benevolent, how- 
ever, does publish such a statement and 
shows receipts amounting to $3,000,000, 
and disbursements, after deducting ex- 
penses of administration, $1,000,000. 
The A. B. C. F. M. reports the cost of ad- 
ministration and disbursement at seven 
and a half per cent., and could that board 
hav€ received the same sum the cost 
would have been $225,000. The secret 
society used $2,000,000 or thirteen and a 
half times as much! Surely the church 



is a much more economical administrator 
of beneficiary funds. I might add that 
could that same board receive $3,000,000 
the cost of administration would be re- 
duced nearly one-half as there would be 
but little more working force in its offices 
than now. 

"I read a statement from the pen of 
Rev. W. H. Prescott, of Havelock, Xeb., 
in which he affirms that the total number 
of additions to the M. E. Church for 1897 
was 19,500. I suppose he meant 'net 
gain.' The advance summaries from our 
own year book give as net gain 10,769, 
a trifle over 30,000 for the two domina- 
tions. And yet one society for the first 
quarter of 1898 added over 38,000 to its 
membership! Much has been said about 
the multiplication of churches in small 
towns and the consequent absorption of 
home missionary money, but how about 
the multiplication of secret societies? 
The smaller towns just swarm with them, 
as did Egypt when the plague of lice was 
endured. In one small town in Nebraska 
of 350 inhabitants there were two 
churches, both feeble, and thirteen 
lodges! Which was likely to absorb the 
most 'home money?' One church mem- 
ber belonged to five of the societies, and 
when his dues were paid he had no 
money for the work of the church, and 
attendance at the lodge and the exhaust- 
ing 'work' in the lodge room rendered 
him too weary to attend church services 
on the Sabbath. He needed the rest, you 
know ! The most of the fraternities come 
between the husband and wife; between 
parents and the children; between fam- 
ilies and the church; between the citizen 
and his country. 

"I know the benefits of cheap insur- 
ance and care when sick are urged, but 
the same Christian love which Christ has 
for us, if we are His disciples, will lead 
us to relieve the suffering without the 
necessity of a lodge obligation. The 
cheap insurance can be as cheaply se- 
cured outside of lodge rooms. The 
United Presbyterian Church. I am told, 
has an msurance society run on practic- 
ally the same financial basis as that of the 
fraternities, and if cheap insurance isn't 
a fraud let the churches take it up. But 
it seems to me that the assessment plan 
as carried on in the lodges is a humbug 
pure and simple; it doesn't take much of 
a mathematician to cipher out the result 



122 



OHHISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1898. 



that if by the payment of a small sum he 
will receive a sum many times larger than 
he has paid that somebody or a number 
of somebodies must lose the amount nec- 
essary to make up the difference bet\veen 
what he has paid and received. Within 
twenty years 1,720 of these co-operative 
societies have gone to their grave and 
left behind 495,955 certificate holders, 
with nothing but their receipts to show 
for their dues and the rejoicing they have 
in cheap insurance. Probably it isn't 
much! 

''Then, too, the continued attendance 
at the lodge- leads the member to substi- 
tute some of the generalities of good 
maxims for the saving truths of the Bible. 
The testimony of a certain evangelist is 
as follows: Tn a thousand converts I 
get not one Mason, and I have never 
known a Knight Templar to be con- 
verted.' Testimony is also frequently 
given that the first steps to ruin are taken 
in the banquets and convival meetings 
of the lodge, and it is a well-know^n fact 
that even when religious associations 
have occasion to expel an unworthy 
member his lodge associates will defend 
him, even when his guilt is >well estab- 
lished. The fact that 'good men' are in 
them no more redeems them than the 
presence of Lot in Sodom was a sign that 
Sodom was a moral city. Too many of 
the churches have fallen under the abso- 
lute control of these alien influences and 
everywhere the pastor finds them an al- 
most insurmountable hindrance to the 
success of his work." 



SECRET SOCIETIES IN EUROPE. 



Few people really understand the force 
and power of secret societies, especially 
in the old world. They are numerous, 
and in many instances despotic, cruel and 
damaging to persons and property. 
Monarchs have been and are controlled 
by them. At their dictation war is de- 
clared and peace restored precisely as it 
suits their plans. Such organizations are 
dangerous because they are political, and 
by their very secrecy are enabled to carry 
out their plans of destruction, striking at 
the very root of liberty and freedom. 
That the oppression of the past may have 
given some excuse for the formation of 
bands for mutual protection cannot be 



denied, but the object of their organiza- 
tion has been perverted, and from resist- 
ing tyranny they have become them- 
selves tyrants. 

It is said that the perpetuity of the tot- 
tering throne of King George, of Greece, 
depends upon a society known as "Eth- 
nike Hetairia." This society is said to 
have exercised such a power over the 
Greek King as to have compelled the in- 
vasion of Turkish territory in an unjusti- 
fiable manner, and precipitated the un- 
fortunate war which has proved so dis- 
astrous to the classic Greeks. This so- 
ciety is also said to be very strong and 
powerful, with thousands of members 
scattered all over Asia Minor and in the 
leading cities of Europe. 

The Carbonari of Italy exercised a 
great influence over and even controlled 
the actions of Napoleon III., who was 
unable to escape the despotism of their 
decrees. In Russia the Nihilists have 
held such sway as to retard the progress 
of that great nation towards constitution- 
al government and greater liberty. In 
Austria there are a number of these se- 
cret societies which hamper the govern- 
'ment and make things extremely uncom- 
fortable. Of course, very little is known 
by the outside world of these societies, 
whose pernicious influence is damaging 
to every good organization in the world. 
— New York Dispatch. 



If you do not see what yoic want ask for it. 

Question — If an oath is obtained by 
deceit, or if the person swearing did not 
intend to assume the obligation, is it then 
binding?— D. R. S. 

. Answer — The Bible in this, as in all 
other cases, is a safe guide. In Joshua 
ix., 15, 19, we find that the Gibeonites 
obtained an oath from Joshua by deceit, 
and because it bound to what was lawfful 
and just, the nation was afterward pun- 
ished for violating it. See 2 Sam. xxi., i. 
Great care should be taken to guard 
against deceit and to swear only to what 
we know to be just and right. 



Question — Is it not one of the greatest 
evils of our times that oaths are adminis- 
tered by irresponsible persons in lodges, 



August, 1808. 



OHRISTIAJ^ CYNOiSUEiB. 



123 



and often in a trifling and irreverent man- 
ner in civil affairs? — C. R. H. 

Answer — Yes; this is the most danger- 
ous profanity of our times. Its tendency 
is to weaken all sense of moral obligation 
and undermine all government. 



Question — Is kneeling at an altar with 
the hand upon the Bible a proper form 
of taking an oath? — J. R. H. 

Answer — No; the scriptural form is by 
the uplifted hand to appeal to God as a 
witness. Abram said, Gen. xiv., 2.2, *'I 
have lifted up my hand unto the Lord." 
Hence to lift up the hand was to swear. 
See Deut. xxxii., 40; Ezek. xx., 5; Dan. 
xii., 7; Rev. x., 5, 6. 



Question — Does not Paul in the New 
Testament make use of expressions that 
contain the nature of oaths? — J. M. 

Answer — Yes, when he says, "For God 
is my witness;" "I protest by your re- 
joicing, which I have in Christ Jesus;" 
*'But as God is true;" "Behold, before 
God I lie not;" "For men verily swear 
by the greater, and an oath for confirma- 
tion is to them an end of all strife." 

Question — Is it not enough for a con- 
verted Mason to leave the lodge and warn 
others against it, without divulging the 
oath he has so strongly obligated himself 
to conceal? — J. R. P. 

Answer — God has, in Lev. v., 4, 5, 
given his word to free all who have thus 
foresworn themselves. God holds it a 
sin to keep a sinful oath, and no such 
oath can bind the souL "Whatsoever it 
be that a man shall pronounce with an 
oath, and it be hid from him;" that is, if 
he swears to what is "concealed from 
him;" when he knoweth of it, then he 
shall confess that he hath "sinned in that 
thing." Confession of the sinful oath is 
God's requirement. 



"Arrows for the King's Archers" is the 
title of a 150-page volume of analytic 
outline addresses upon religious, temper- 
ance and social topics by Dr. H. W. Lit- 
tle, price $1, and published by Thonms 
Whittaker No. 2 Bible House, New 
York. There is an appendix containing 
seventy-eight facts and anecdotes to il- 
lustrate the addresses. There are many 
volumes of pulpit aids, but here is one 
that is a help indeed. 



iett)0 of ®ur Pori 



Rev. P. B. Williams has taken pastoral 
charge of a mission church at Salem, 
Oregon, but expects to devote part of his 
time to lecturing on the reform so dear 
to his heart. 



Bro. A. J. Millard, of Little Rock, 
Ark., is temporarily at Helena, where 
he says the lodge and rum power are 
dominant. He has just ordered tracts 
and other anti-secret literature from Sec- 
retary Phillips and improves every oppor- 
tunity of testifying against the powers of 
darkness. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard arrived at the 
Rock Camp grounds, R. I., July 22, and 
found Rev. W. C. Ryder in charge. He 
was in full sympathy with the anti-secret 
movement, although once a Mason, but 
now a free man. Genuine conversion 
broke his chain, set him at liberty and 
took away that fear of man which 
bringeth a snare. 



Bro. W. B. Stoddard expects to spend 
August in New England, assisting in 
w^orking up a convention for Vermont in 
September. Dr. Becker, of Dayton, 
Ohio, recently visited him in Washing- 
ton, urging that a convention soon be 
held in Dayton. He believes that it wouid 
be locally sustained, and greatly aid our 
work in that State. 



Rev. W. R. Bonham, of Greenville, 111., 
expects to attend the Free Methodist 
General Conference in Chicago in Octo- 
ber and can give a number of anti-secret 
addresses in or around this city. He 
illustrates his lectures with the stereop- 
ticon and we hope many churches will 
avail themselves of the opportunity to 
hear him on this vital reform. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard writes July 22: 
"Three days at Douglas Camp gave me 
an opportunity of meeting many of tlie 
'Holiness People,' who come yearly to 
this mecca of their national movement. 
Dr. Leby, of Philadelphia, was in charge, 
and Dr. H. C. Morrison, of Louisville, 
Ky., their principal speaker. I had made 
application, but the Committee on Pro- 



124 



CHRISTIAlN OYNOSUiElE. 



August, 1898. 



gram did not think it wise to give me a 
place in the printed list of speakers. 
Without an exception I was received in 
the most kindly and brotherly spirit, and 
unrestricted liberty given for the circula- 
tion of our literature. A number of se- 
ceders testified against the secret lodge, 
and Rev. N. W. Deveneau's strictures 
upon this enemy of Christ and his church 
were exceedingly pungent and elicited 
hearty amens. My remarks came in in- 
cidentally and without provoking crit- 
icism, gained the personal acquaintance 
of a number who entertained views sim- 
ilar to mv own." 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard writes from Rock 
Camp Grounds, Rhode Island: *'The 
face on the cover of the July Cynosure 
recalls incidents in a visit to Humboldt, 
Neb., several years since. My arrival 
was about one o'clock a. m., when Bro. 
Wm. C. Bissell met me at the depot and 
took me to his hospitable home, where 
our personal acquaintance and Christian 
fellowship began. After a few hours' 
needed rest I met his estimable wife, who 
subsequently proved herself a Spartan 
mother in repelling a cowardly assault. 
After conference with Bro. Rufus Smith, 
and such friends as could be reached, it 
was decided to hold meetings in the Con- 
gregational Church. As I recall the per- 
sonnel of those meetings, Bros. Gault and 
Smith w^efe participants in the discussion 
of the secret lodge system. Much inter- 
est was manifested, though no serious 
disturbance occurred until the lights 
were extinguished, and we were retiring 
from the church in the darkness of a driz- 
zling fog. Bro. Smith carried a lantern, 
which revealed to the ruffians in hiding 
the progress of our little company. Just 
as we turned an angle at the public 
square, we were saluted with a volley of 
eggs, and we could hear the footsteps of 
the cowardly miscreants who dared not 
defend their craft by honorable means, 
running pellmell perhaps for their secret 
lodge dens. Next to Bro. Smith, Sister 
Bissell received the heaviest installment 
of eggs, to which, without flinching, she 
replied with a vigorous denunciation of 
such base and brutal insult. Ill-health 
and inclement weather kept Bro. Bissell 
at home, but when his wife appeared with 
smeared and spattered garments to re- 
late the story of her experience, his indig- 



nation rose to a holy horror of an order 
that knew no more honorable or higher 
means of self-preservation than pelting 
women and men with eggs, While less 
honorable than savages they sheltered 
their heads and perfidious deeds under 
cover of darkness." 



■ Miss Rena Rezner, of Biggsville, 111., 
sends a valuable article which we save 
for our next issue. Our readers will be 
interested to know that after several 
years spent in Monmouth College, Miss 
Rezner labored for seven years as mis- 
sionary in Japan under the Woman's 
Board of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church. Returning to this country sev- 
eral years ago to recruit her health, she 
was employed by the same board to lec- 
ture in their churches in the interest of 
foreign missions. In visiting these 
churches she was deeply impressed with 
the fact that so many ministers were 
Free Masons, and so many women were 
members of the Eastern Star, and every- 
where she noted the paralyzing influence 
of secret societies upon all Christian 
w^ork. Some years ago she was called 
upon to address a Cumberland Presby- 
terian Synod in Chicago on "Hin- 
drances tomission work," and emphasized 
secret societies as one of the hindrances. 
Whereupon letters began to pour in to 
the Secretary of the board protesting 
against her being returned to Japan be- 
cause of her stand aginst secret societies, 
and the Secretary herself wrote Miss 
Rezner that she must keep still on the 
lodge question if she would continue to 
work under their mission board. She 
wrote in reply that if she could not re- 
main in the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church and speak out against secret so- 
cieties there were twenty or more de- 
nominations in wliich she could work and 
testify against this evil. So she joined 
the United Presbyterian Church of 
Biggsville last June and is now rejoic- 
ing in her freedom to write and speak on 
this question. 



Look out for some startling revela- 
tions in the next Cynosure on the influ- 
ence of the secret lodge in American poli- 
tics. 



Prayer is the Christian's vital breath, 
the Christian's native air. 



J 



August, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



12.5 



The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Entered at tbe Postofflce, Chicago, 111., as second class 
matter. 



The- 



The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 
(Friend). 

Rev. M. A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Win. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business Manager, 
to wtiom all letters containing money and relating to 
the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 



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126 CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. August, 1898. 

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127 



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ELDER JOHN DORCAS. 



CONTENTS. 



An luteresting Letter .131 

Is Our Agitation Wise?. .133 

Our Symposium— Secret Societies and 

Civil Government 134 

Secret Societies in Politics 139 

Tlie Secret Empire in Politics. 141 

Masons Laying Corner Stones. 142 

Editorial— Necessity for Our Work. 143 

National Christian Association. ........ .143 

Mucli to Encourage .143 

What Endangers Freemasonry ...143 

The Anti-Secret Movement ... 144 

Knights of Pythias 144 

Gen. Weyler Ruled by Freemasonry. .. .145 



Freemasonry in England .145 

Murderous Society in Spain 145 

Captain Kidd a Mason 146 

Lodge Initiation Grimes 146 

Protection Without Taxation .147 

Reaping the Whirlwind. . . j» 147 

The Holland Reform Church 148 

United Presbyterian Protest 148 

Masonic Discrepancies 149 

Elder John Dorcas 150 

A Correction ; 151 

Seceders' Testimonies 151 

Our Question Drawer 152 

News of Our Work 153 



NMIONftL CHRISTIAN ftSSOCIATION. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa,, In 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is interdenominational. 
Tbie president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 



and agents are also the Fre^ Methodist, Con- 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical, 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the foundiers of 
Chicago. 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon^ 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure—Rev. M. A. 
Gault. 221 West Madison street. Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B. Arnold, G. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hdtchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. Jamies P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 





'Jesus answered him,— I spake openly to the world; aod in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER, 1898. 



NUMBER 5. 



PUJ^>LISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHKISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TERHS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICB —Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; tingle copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.- Wf, find that a larije number 
of onr subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they t.iil to remit before expiration. It is thereiore 
assumed, unlc-s notification to aisconlmue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his sories. Nutification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any lime curing the year. 

PRFSENTATION COPIFS.-Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cyn'^sukk to be sent to 
Iriends. In such cases, it we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, i.nd to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 



We have an overflow of matter 
the Lodge in PoHtics. Some of it wi' 
used in our October issue. 



on 
be 



Our October number wiU largely dis- 
cuss the secret lodge as a foe of Chris- 
tianity. 



When the Maine was destroyed in Ha- 
vana harbor, Feb. 15, there w^ere 83 Free- 
masons among the 266 American sailors 
who went down to their death with the 
battleship. So says the Voice of Mason- 
ry. This we may estimate as the propor- 
tion of Masons in our Navy — nearly 
one-third. 



The exhaustive discussion of secret 
societies and civil government, which is 
our leading article in this number, is the 
paper of Mrs. Nora E. Kellogg, read at 
our last annual meeting in the Moody 
Church. It was listened to with deep in- 
terest, and we ask for it a careful reading. 



Our next Cynosure will show the hos- 
tile character of the lodge to the Church 
of Christ. 



What is needed at this stage of the anti- 
secret agitation is a clear forthsetting of 
the actual doings of the lodges, and not 
so much of philosophizing on them. Will 
our contributors all please take notice? 



"There are," says the Masonic Chron- 
icle, "415 Masonic lodges in Germany, 
with a membership of 45,669. There are 
eight grand and five independent lodges." 
The same authority says, "There are 
804,706 Masons in North America, which 
includes the Grand Jurisdictions of the 
United States and Canada." 



Masonic journals are making much of 
the fact that wdien from European courts 
whisperings were heard of encourage- 
ment to Spain, the republic of Mexico ex- 
tended her hand of friendship to the Uni- 
ted States^ and it was through her Grand 
Lodge that her President, the Grand 
Master of Masons in Mexico, extended 
her sympathy to our republic in the loss 
of the Maine. 



The Catholic Review asserts that 
there are nearly 200 very active Masonic 
lodges in the Spanish colonies, and more 
than a dozen influential Masonic jour- 
nals. It also reprints the statement in a 
Havana paper concerning the strength 
of the Oddfellows in Cuba; that in Ha- 
vana, a city of 230,000, there are about 
eighty Masonic lodges in full activity, 
three lodges of Oddfellows, and a num- 
ber of female lodges, known as Sisters of 
Rebekah. 



130 



OHMSTIiAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



The Missouri Freemason says: *'Dur- 
ing the last election for President of the 
French republic, the candidature of M. 
Brisson was strongly opposed by the 
clerical party on the groiuid that he was 
a Freemason, and on this account they 
voted for Faure, who was elected. They 
did not know, of course, that their choice 
was an old member of the order and also 
a Past Master." Who says that the lodge 
has nothing to do with politics? 



One result of the war with Spain has 
been to prove the power of Freemasonry 
as an engine of revolution. Our Ma- 
sonic exchanges are all claiming that to 
Freemasonry belongs the credit of free- 
ing Cuba from the oppressive domina- 
tion of Spain ; that instead of the war be- 
ing caused by clericals it was brought 
about by the combination of the Masonic 
lodges of Spain and her two colonies, 
Cuba and the Philippine Islands, in un- 
ion with the lodges of North America. 



The Boston Standard, an organ of the 
A. P. A., a little more than two years ago 
accused Gen. Weyler of trying to close 
the Masonic lodges in Cuba. They de- 
fied him, and told him that the lodges 
would meet and plot under the shadow of 
his palace and he could not prevent it. 
They assured him that the Masons in 
Cuba would be actively and efficiently 
supported by Masons in the United 
States, because the majority of the lodges 
in Cuba owe allegiance to the Grand 
Lodge in Charleston, which is the head 
of the Southern jurisdiction of the Uni- 
ted States. 



No true Christian, or even patriot, can 
long live in Chicago without praying, 
God speed the Prohibition party. But 
we cannot help remarking that if secret 
societies do not figure in politics, why 
is it that the* New York Voice laid stress 
on the fact that Iowa's candidate for 
Governor on the Prohibition ticket for 
1897, Hon. Samuel Phelps Leland, was 
a 32d degree Mason, and a P. W. G. M. 
in Oddfellowship? Many Prohibition- 
ists in Iowa remember when their candi- 
date was not a secret order man, he got 
little sympathy or support from members 
of secret orders. 



The Church of Rome is finding it more 
and more difficult to manage at its con- 
fessional Masons who have sworn to con- 
ceal and never reveal. Archbishop Lo- 
pez of the state of Sonora, Mexico, has 
issued an edict excommunicating all 
members of the Masonic fraternity. 
Nearly all of the highest officials in the 
state and many of the leading citizens 
are members of the Masonic order, and 
at the same time many of them are de- 
vout Catholics. What action will be 
taken by the men affected is not yet de- 
termined. One of the leading Masons 
expressed himself as determined to ad- 
here to Masonry at all hazards. 



One of our exchanges says: 'Tn 
France, in Italy, and lately in Spain, all 
political measures are in the hands of 
Freemasons and subject to their exclus- 
ive control. Germany and the Scandi- 
navian states are ruled by it; Asia, Af- 
rica and China are in its meshes, and 
'free' England, 'enlightened' England, 
with her equally enlightened and pro- 
gressive past and present colonies, is the 
Grand Mistress of Masonry throughout 
the world, for it has made her the mis- 
tress of the seas and the possessor of a 
large share of the wealth of the world. 
Our American neighbors, Mexico, Bra- 
zil, Argentina, Chile, Ecuador and Vene- 
zuela are in the control of the lodges and 
governed by the enemies of religion and 
of social order." 



Last spring an interesting discussion 
was carried on through the press of En- 
gland as the result of a sermon by Rev, 
R. F. Horton, of London, who argued 
that the degraded and backward condi- 
tion of Spain, Italy and South American 
governments was due to the domination 
of Romanism. Rev. Luke Rivington 
used strong language and startling state- 
ments, showing that the demoralized 
condition of these nations was mostly 
due to the intriguing influence of Free- 
masonry. There is little room for an ar- 
gument at this point. Masonry and Ro- 
manism have a remarkable similarity. 
The Pope is the head of the one system, 
while the Worshipful Master is head of 
the other. The contention between 
them is not for truth and purity, but for 
power and supremacy. 



September, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUiRE, 



131 



The Catholic Review enumerates as 
one result of the war with Spain that it 
will settle the question of Roman Catho- 
lic loyalty to the United States. ''Spain 
is a Catholic country," says the Review, 
"yet there are no stronger arms sustain- 
ing the United States than citizens who 
profess the Catholic faith." 



AN INTERESTING LETTER. 



The August Masonic Chronicle says: 
''The report sent over the country that 
the Grand Lodge of Washington at the 
Seattle communication had recognized 
negro Masonic lodges as legitimate, is 
somewhat misleading. As we understand 
that action, it recognizes only such 
lodges composed of negroes as have been 
chartered by the Grand Lodges of En- 
gland, Scotland and Ireland. Such ne- 
gro lodges as have been organized and 
chartered by State Negro Grand Lodges 
are still held under the ban as clandes- 
tine. But we know of no negro lodges 
having been chartered by European 
Grand Lodges of late years. The indig- 
nation caused by publication of the act 
of the Washington Grand Lodge will be 
much modified if this statement is cor- 
rect." 



Rev. Josiah L. Seward, a 33d degree 
Mason of Massachusetts, in the Voice of 
Masonry claims that Freemasons set the 
ball in motion which resulted in the war 
with Spain; that Freemasons of Cuba 
maintained its individual selfhood and 
right to Hberty against the tyrannical 
parent Spain. He even claims that the 
flag of Cuba emanated from its Masonic 
lodges. "Its three blue stripes symbo- 
lize the three degrees of Ancient Craft 
Masonry. These are separated by the 
two stripes of white, which are the sym- 
bols of purity. Thus the five stripes, three 
blue and two white, symbolize a govern- 
ment born of Freemasonry and purity. 
The red triangle on the left end of the 
flag, being equilateral, represents the 
three-fold attributes of Deity, Omnipo- 
tence, Omniscience and Omnipresence, 
which are recognized by Masons as the 
sacred characterization of Supreme pow- 
er. The white star in the center of this 
red triangle is a reminder of the Royal 
Arch color, while the five pointed star 
refers us to the five points of fellowship 
so dear to all our hearts." 



WAS GLADSTONE A FREEMASON? WILL THE 

LODGE ROMANIZE THE ESTABLISHED 

CHURCH OF ENGLAND? 



There is great influence in the name 
of a good man. Hence every popular evil 
under the sun has sought the sanction of 
such names, but not unfrequently the 
claims of the indorsements of the good 
and great are fraudulent. 

That Washington was really a seced- 
ing Mason was clearly established by the 
investigation of the Pennsylvania Legis- 
lature. Notwithstanding this fact, and 
the further one that all the letters said to 
be written by Washington to the lodges 
are spurious, the fraternity is making 
preparations for a general celebration in 
his honor on Dec. 29, 1899, the centen- 
nial of Washington's decease. 

Ex-President William Henry Harri- 
son was recently published as a Free- 
mason by a Masonic editor of an Indiana 
paper, notwithstanding the fact that the 
opposite is the truth. In Vol. HI., "Cy- 
clopedia of Political Science, Political 
Economy and United States History," 
page 1 103, will be found the following 
interesting facts: 'Tn 1836 ^^ * =*= Har- 
rison was nominated for the Presidency, 
* * * and in 1835 he was nominated by 
the Whig and anti-Masonic State con- 
ventions in Harrisburg * =i^ * . Harri- 
son's politics was of Democratic cast,, 
but he satisfied the Whig requisite in op- 
position to the President, while he satis- 
fied the anti-jNIasonic element still better 
by declaring that, 'Neither myself nor 
any member of my family has ever been 
a member of the Masonic order.' " 

Since the death of Gladstone, the 
American Tyler, a Masonic publication 
of this country, claimed Gladstone as a 
brother Mason. A letter of inquiry ad- 
dressed to Mrs. Gladstone has brought 
the following reply: "Hawarden Castle, 
July 30, 1898. — Dear Sir: Mr. Gladstone 
was not a member of the order of Free- 
masons." 

Apropos of Mrs. Gladstone's denial of 
the Masonic claim that the great Premier 
was a Freemason, I wish to quote a few 
words from the "Grand Old Man," which 
are very fitting to say to those who op- 



132 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



pose the great cause which The Cyno- 
sure advocates: 

"You cannot fight against the future. 
Time is on our side. The great social 
forces that move onward in their might 
and majesty are arrayed against you — 
they fight with us — they are marshaled 
in our support. And the banner which 
we carry in the struggle, though at some 
moment it may sink over our drooping 
heads, will yet float again before the eye 
of Heaven and will be borne by the firm 
hand of a rejoicing people, not to an easy, 
but to a certain and not distant victory.'' 

ROMANIZING THE EPISCOPALIANS. 

Is the Catholic church making use of 
Secret Societies to convert the Episcopal 
church to Romanism? It is at least an 
interesting inquiry. What has caused 
the strong Romanizing movement which 
exists to-day in the Established Church 
of England? 

Archdeacon Taylor of Liverpool, En- 
gland, recently declared in substance that 
12,000 of the Episcopal clergy were in 
heart Romanists. What has brought 
about such a result? Lord Grimthrope, 
in speaking of this Romanizing move- 
ment in the Episcopal church, refers 
especially to "the Jesuitical disregard of 
truth by which it is forwarded." Jesuit- 
ism is synonymous with organized se- 
crecy ,as well as Roman Catholicism. 

Take as another pointer the statement 
of the Bishop of Liverpool about the 
''Jesuits in the Church of England," and 
also the declaration of Sir William Har- 
court in Parliament on the 'Tmmoral and 
dishonorable conduct of Episcopal cler- 
gymen eating the bread of one church 
and betraying it to another." 

Some pooh-pooh the idea of Jesuitical 
intrigue, but let them answer the ques- 
tion, why many of the Episcopal clergy, 
against the laws of the Church and Na- 
tion, use the wafer in communion, and 
also, more than twenty other distinctive- 
ly Catholic ceremonies and ornaments. 

In this connection the statement of the 
Bishop of Southwell is very suggestive. 
In giving the great cause for the reversal 
of the Reformation, so far as the Estab- 
lished Church is concerned, he says: 
"The chief difficulty of the Church of 
England is in the Secret Societies, which 
are undermining its teachings." 

By Secret Societies the Bishop of 



Southwell had reference to those in the 
Episcopal church, whose membership is 
composed of the clergy of the church. I 
understand that one of these is called 
"the English Church Union," and an- 
other the "Confraternity of the Blessed 
Sacrament," but I am not certain as to 
the names. 

The interesting question is. Why 
should these Secret Societies Romanize 
the Established Church? Why should 
they not rather make them infidel instead 
of Roman Catholic? The natural result 
in the United States of Lodge Influence 
is to disintegrate the churches, and for 
the lodge to take the place of the church- 
es, and not to Romanize them. There 
have appeared articles this year in differ- 
ent Masonic magazines under the follow- 
ing title: "Shall Freemasonry Become 
the Final Religion of Humanity?" The 
baptizing of infants by the Oddfellows in 
Illinois last year will be recalled, at which 
the chaplain explained that the ceremony 
had not bound any of the parents to have 
the children become members of the 
church, but to bring them up in the nur- 
ture and admonition of the Lord, so that 
they might become good Oddfellows. 
This is the trend of Secret Society influ- 
ence in the United States, viz., to take 
the place of the churches. Why should 
the lodges in the Episcopal church de- 
liver that church to Rome? 

The answer is that Catholic Jesuits 
masquerading as Episcopal clergymen 
organize and manage these church Secret 
Societies just as has been charged, and 
hence the Episcopal church is becoming 
Roman Catholic. The course of Free- 
masons in this country illustrates this 
point. They organized the Grange, and 
the farmers, who had been among the 
strongest opponents of Masonry, became 
its defenders and supporters. 

The character of the result determines 
the character of the cause. We do not 
gather grapes of thorns. If Secret So- 
cieties composed of the clergy of the 
Episcopal church are Romanizing the 
Established Church of England, then 
these Secret Societies are in some way 
dominated by Roman Catholics. 

What a saving to the churches of 
Christ the world over it would be if they 
would allow no deviation from the exam- 
ple of Christ, who in secret said nothing, 
and who stamped Secret Societies as 



Septe<m(ber. 189S. 



CHRISTT.'^^ CYNOSURE. 



13.^ 



places of evil, because they loved dark- 
ness rather than light. 

Wm. I. Phillips. 



IS OUR AGITATION WISE? 



When the wrong of secret societies is 
plainly shown to opposers by proof of 
their interference in the government, the 
church, and the home, the baffled advo- 
cate of secrecy retorts by Bill Tweed's 
famous question, "What are you going 
to do about it?*' I praise God that Mr. 
Tweed found by experience what the 
people could do when he was landed in 
the penitentiary. It is the same old cry. 
When Paul spoke at Ephesus, i,8oo 
years ago, the mob shouted, "Great is 
Diana of the Ephesians!" When Sum- 
ner met slavery in the Senate chamber 
and exposed "the crime against Kan- 
sas," the answer came from the club of 
Bully Brooks. The temple of Diana has 
been permitted to decay, and her w^or- 
ship has long since ceased from the 
earth. The crime against Kansas pre- 
cipitated the slaveholders' rebellion, and 
much as I sufTer in body every moment 
of my life in consecjuence, it still makes 
me glad to think that I was one of those 
who helped to put down slavery by the 
war it inaugurated. My own life almost 
given, with that of all the bloodshed and 
suffering endured, must be laid to the 
charge of the slaveholders' rebellion be- 
gun to make slavery the law of the whole 
land, but ended in blood and suffering, 
with slavery ended in the free United 
States of America. 

Secret societies to-day are just as 
great a menace to the life of the nation 
as was slavery in days gone by. In fact, 
the truth is plain that secret societies 
l^red the infant rebellion till it dared in 
open day to defy the government of our 
country. These societies cannot bear 
the light of truth. They adopt the same 
course taken to defend slavery. He who 
dares to speak against them must risk 
the consequences. Wliat these conse- 
quences are all true anti-secretists know 
by sad experience. Just rights denied 
and the black list made out by secret so- 
ciety defenders they must meet. When 
Brother Moody plainly declared the 
truth from God's Word against organ- 
ized secret societies the great newspaper. 



with one accord, ceased to publish 
Moody's sermons and took up Talmage. 
When John Dougall in the New York 
Witness dared to tell plain truth about 
secret societies, at once the Witness sub- 
scription list went down until he retract- 
ed, and for years the Witness has not 
dared to publish against secret societies. 
"Great is Diana of the Ephesians," was 
the cry of the Ephesian mob. "Great 
are the secret societies of America," is 
the echo heard to-day all over the Uni- 
ted States. Our President leaves his of- 
ficial duties to take more secret oaths. 
Bishops in the M. E. and other churches 
hold power according to the number of 
Masonic degrees they have taken. 

The Jesuits, whom all Catholic coun- 
tries have at some time outlawed in self- 
defense, are allowed perfect freedom to 
do as they choose in free America. Mobs 
execute men without a trial, and give as 
a reason that courts and juries will not 
do their duty. In other words, that mob 
law is the only law which secures pun- 
ishment to the guilty. Boss Rule is en- 
throned in our land, and to it every knee 
must bow% or be ready to meet the ven- 
geance of the boss. He who dares to 
say that these things are not right, and 
to say it publicly, must bear the punish- 
ment which these secret orders will sure- 
ly mete out to him. Are we fools? That 
depends on whether it is all of life to 
live, or all of death to die. Christ was 
crucified after the mob had yelled, "We 
have no king but Ceasar." Christ's dis- 
ciples all forsook him and fled. He had 
declared Himself to be the Son of God 
and that on the third day He would rise 
again. The Jews came to Pilate for a 
guard to keep His disciples from steal- 
ing away His body-. They told Pilate: 
"This deceiver said in three days I will 
rise again." Christ arose; the sealed and 
guarded tomb was turned into a witness 
of the resurrection that they had planned 
to prevent. 
"Truth crushed to earth shall rise again. 

The eternal years of God are hers; 
But Error wounded writhes in pain. 

And dies among his worshipers." 

Well does another poet write: 
"But strew^ his ashes to the wind. 
Whose sword or voice has served man- 
kind, 
And He's not dead whose glorious mind 

Lifts ours on high, 



134 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Septeim^ber, 1898. 



To live in hearts we leave behind 
Is not to die!" 

'^Always make sure you are right; 
then go ahead!" leaving results to God. 
If we are God's true children we must 
be esteemed for Christ's sake. If secret 
societies are one of the parts of the 
mighty Antichrist, as we believe, led us 
stand for Christ without regard to pres- 
ent consequences. Christ knows them 
all, and what most concerns us is to be 
owned of Him at His appearing, and to 
be permitted to dwell with Him forever. 
The judgment of one age is reversed by 
the next, but truth, like God, is eternal 
and unchangeable. The law compelled 
John Brown to be executed on a Vir- 
ginia gallows, but within a few years 
some of us marched under the stars and 
stripes of our country while thousands 
sang, ''John Brown's body lies molder- 
ing in his grave, but his soul is march- 
ing on." 

Men who called the living Lincoln 
"fool," "ape," "baboon" and other 
names are worshiping dead Lincoln's 
memory to-day. We are living for eter- 
nity, let us remember that to be wise' 
unto the life eternal and to enjoy God 
forever is what He requires of us as our 
duty to Him. J. W. Snively. 

Ingleside, Pa. 



Prof. W. H. Davies, in the last Chris- 
tian Conservator, thus argues against se- 
cret societies: "Those who would have 
killed Paul banded together with a secret 
oath; the saloon power holds secret con- 
clave, the 'Golden Circle' wishing to crip- 
ple the government in its eflort to put 
down a wicked rebellion, adopted the 
most rigid, sworn secrecy. All wrong 
hides behind the screen of secrecy, and 
usually sworn secrecy. 'Whatever doth 
make manifest is light.' At the least it 
is most questionable to take a secret oath 
to perform a good deed; at the least to 
adopt the very method of all wrong is 
most questionable. We may say more, 
it is positively dangerous, if not flagrant- 
ly wicked. In short, we should speak 
loudly against an evil that so many se- 
ceding Masons and Oddfellows have re- 
jected and declared to be humiliating and 
debasing to an illimitable degree." 



®ur f tinnio0tum. 



THE LODGE IN POLITJCS. 



SECRET SOCIETIES AND CIVIL GOV- 
ERNMENT. 



MRS. NORA E. KELLOGG. 



Secret societies are found in all lands. 
Some are for men, women, and even for 
children; their universality stamps them 
at once as a mighty factor for good or 
ill in the affairs of men. Civil govern- 
ment pertains to the exercise of authority 
among men, or to the management of 
national affairs. We may say of it, as 
has been said of law: "There can'be no 
less acknowledged than that her seat is 
the bosom of God." Her influence was 
intended by her beneficent author to ex- 
tend, like the sunlight, to all his rational 
creatures; "to the least as feeling her 
care, and to the greatest as not exempt 
from her power." What relation, then,, 
if any, exists between secret societies and 
civil government, or what influence do- 
these societies exert on men as citizens, 
and so on the governments of the world? 
Are these two mighty moral forces work- 
ing together for the good of men, or does, 
the one blight and the other bless man- 
kind ? 

A VITAL QUESTION. 

In the early ages the right of the 
strongest to rule in government was con- 
ceded. Because by the fall of man his 
physical nature suffered less than the in- 
tellectual; but his spiritual nature w^as. 
utterly destroyed, and men dead toward 
God are alike incapable of self-improve- 
ment and self-government, and thus the 
exaltation of Christ, who alone can give 
moral life, underlies every interest, ques- 
tion and movement which molds or modi- 
fies society and the destinies of men. 
Civil government is one of God's provi- 
sions for man, and Pie has decreed that 
Christ shall reign: "The government 
shall be upon His shoulder." 

The question, then, as to the relation 
of secret societies to civil government is 
a question of their attitude toward Christ. 
Do secret societies incline men to follow 
the teachings and example of Christ? Da 



Septefmber. 1S98. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



135 



they enthuse men with His spirit? To 
this question there can be but one an- 
swer. The incentive for forming secret 
societies must be to selfishly monopohze 
some good, or, wickedly, to cover up and 
preserve some evil; and their titles, de- 
grees, clannishness and regalia, more or 
less prominent in them all, are clearly 
hostile to the simplicity, humility and 
charity which Christ constantly enjoined. 
But all this is theoretical; let us turn 
to history and discern, if possible, what 
results have been effected by the agency" 
of these multitudes of orders labeled ben- 
evolent, social, patriotic and religious. 

INFLUENXE IN ENGLISH POLITICS. 

England is one of the freest, most 
Christian and best governed nations in 
the world; yet under the protection of 
her tolerant government was formed in 
1 71 7 that society which claims to be an 
example of "pure despotism,' 'that system 
of religion without Christ — Freemason- 
ry ! When Hon. Wm. E. Gladstone took 
the helm of state in 1869, it was with the 
definite and avowed purpose of removing 
certain abuses which had for a long time 
prevented that harmony and friendly feel- 
ing between England and Ireland which 
ought to be between people under the 
same national government. But lo! the 
Irish secret societies, which professed to 
exist for the single purpose of relieving 
the Irish of those very burdens which 
]\Ir. Gladstone sought to remove, did 
their utmost to prevent the needed re- 
forms. The representatives of the Irish 
secret societies -in Parliament changed 
their cry for reasonable rent to the de- 
mand, "No rent!" When they saw that 
just measures would prevail they blocked 
the wheels of government for three and 
one-half days. It finally became neces- 
sary to eject them from the House, in 
order to proceed with business. When, 
in spite of their opposition, religious lib- 
erty had been gained for the Irish people 
by the dis-establishment of the State 
Church in Ireland, and when the "Land 
Tenure System" had been so changejl 
as to give the Irish renter the benefit of 
improvements which he, or his fathers, 
had made, and to insure him against hav- 
ing to pay exorbitant rent, and when in 
many cases arrears of rent had been paid 
by the government so as to give the poor 
man a fresh start in life, then thev resort- 



ed to the assassin's argument, the knife! 

ASSASSINATION OF BURKE AND CAVENDISH. 

Under the new conciliation policy of 
Gladstone, Lord Cavendish and Burke, 
his Under Secretary, were sent to Ire- 
land. On their arrival in Dublin, ^lay 6, 
1882, they were assassinated in Phoenix 
Park while it was thronged with people, 
and though there were witnesses, so sud- 
denly was the deed performed, and so 
perfectly did the lodges work together 
for their concealment, no clew was ob- 
tained to the perpetrators of the deed un- 
til the English Parliament passed an act 
suppressing all "Irish Secret* Benevolent 
Societies." In February of the next year 
the "Inner Circle of the Fenians" or "The 
Society for the Extirpation of Tyrants," 
was revealed and the murderers were 
brought to justice. Cary, one of the 
principal witnesses, went to Africa hop- 
ing to escape the wrath of his desperate 
lodge brothers, but as he stepped from 
the steamer he fell another victim of 
lodge vengeance. Thus in England se- 
crecy has not fostered good citizenship, 
and on Erin's emerald isle its effect has 
been like the hot and sulphurous breath- 
ings from the pit. 

SECRET SOCIETIES AND THE FRENCH REVO- 
LUTION. 

The mind recoils from contemplating 
the atrocities of the French revolution: 
" * "^^ '•' black it stood as night. 
Fierce as ten furies, terrible as hell!" 

But to turn meekly away from such 
consideration were moral cow^ardice. To 
fail to understand the causes which pro- 
duced such a revolution might be to 
bring upon the L^nited States a chapter of 
history as much more terrible to contem- 
plate, as America is larger than France. 
^^llat, then, were the causes which led 
to the French revolution? Briefly, the 
oppressive exercise of absolute power, 
the corrupt state of the church, the envy 
that the immunity from taxation, enjoy- 
ed by the nobility and clergy, fostered in 
the minds of the great masses, who were 
wretchedly poor, together with the in- 
fidel character of the literature of that 
time. These evils were the magazine 
which in its explosion shook the moral 
world, and the match which lighted the 
fuse was the secret lodge. 

Louis XVI., who was so unhappy as 
to be king of France at this time, was 



136 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



not a bad man. nor an oppressive ruler; 
he simply was not equal to the emer- 
gency. The nobility were pensioners of 
the king, liying many of them in riotous 
luxury. Although owning one-fifth of 
all the lands of France, they were yet 
practically exempt from taxation; the 
clergy of the Romish church was pos- 
sessed of enormous wealth and held more 
than one-third of all the lands of France, 
and yet, like the nobility, was free from 
taxation. 

The French, though not less intelli- 
gent than the English, were less yirtuous 
and more passionate and impulsive, and 
the mind of the nation had been poison- 
ed by the writers of the previous genera- 
tion, among whom were Voltaire and 
Rousseau. The French historian, Thiers, 
says of Voltaire: "Cunning as a fox, a 
wit without a heart, an innovator without 
a principle; * * * acquainted with 
society in all its grades from highest to 
lowest, a contemner of all systems of re- 
ligion, government and morals, 'this bril- 
liant Frenchman,' as Cowper justly calls 
him, was just the man to precipitate the 
crisis of a revolution." Rousseau taught 
that ''all the evils which af^ict humanity 
arise from vicious artificial arrange- 
ments, such as the Family, the Church 
and the State." Such writers had cor- 
rupted the national mind and morals, and 
whatever corrupts, ultimately destroys. 
'*Sin, when it is tinished, bringeth forth 
death." 

With the whole nation divided into 
"two great classes, the privileged and the 
unprivileged," deep in debt, and its debt 
increasing; the wealthy refusing to bear 
the burden of taxation and the poor un- 
able to bear it — at an extremity like this, 
when men need the truth to stand on, 
when men need faith in God and virtue 
to give wisdom and fortitude; then the 
prevalence of such ideas as were taught 
by the writers of that day could only end 
in anarchy. All that was needed to start 
the reign of terror was men with some 
natural ability and no conscience for lead- 
ers, and a pretext, which such men could 
readily find, for starting the flow of blood. 
Such leaders the secret societies or clubs 
of Paris provided. 

MATCH TO LIGHT THE FUSE. 

^leyer, the historian, says: "The Ja- 
cobin and Cordelier clubs were destined 



to become more powerful than the Na- 
tional Assembly itself." Thiers says : "The 
history of the Jacobin Club is in effect the 
history of the French revolution. * * * 
Agitators under the constituent, they be- 
came rulers under the Legislative As- 
sembly." The Cordeliers, a smaller so- 
ciety, like the "Inner Circle" of the Fen- 
ians, was more violent, if possible, than 
the Jacobins, but worked with them. 
Robespierre became the acknowledged 
leader of the Jacobins, and after the exe- 
cution of the King, the Queen and the 
Girondists, he was, though not a mem- 
ber of the Assembly, practically dictator 
of France. One of his first acts after 
Robespierre assumed control of affairs 
was to have the lodge confession of faith 
adopted by the government. He pre- 
sented to the Assembly the resolution: 
''The French people acknowledge the ex- 
istence of the Supreme Being," which 
was passed. If he and his lodge asso- 
ciates had believed that that Supreme Be- 
ing was satan himself, they would hardly 
have altered their conduct in any particu- 
lar in endeavoring to conciliate him.. 
They desolated France with massacres 
which pale the recent outrages in Arme- 
nia. - They ruled with a terrorism never 
surpassed; all opposition was over-awed 
with the guillotine. Four hundred affili- 
ated societies carried on the bloody work 
in other cities, where the scenes were 
more revolting, if possible, than in Paris. 
But there must be a reaction from such 
deeds. Robespierre was at length be- 
headed in turn, and the Jacobin Club 
was closed by order of the Assembly. 
Fenianism, the Club, Nihilism— these are 
but different names which by different 
nations have been given to the same 
Christ-hating, man-degrading organiza- 
tions. Satan uses some abuse of power 
or some evil that needs to be corrected 
as an excuse for introducing this sin 
against God, this menace to whatever is 
sacred to man, organized secrecy. Very 
often the men who start these lodges, 
ostensibly to correct some evil, do noth- 
ing until reform is fairly in progress, and 
then, with an ofiiciousness and vanity 
that is the result of insincerity and is re- 
pulsive to fair-minded people, they make 
great professions of what they are going 
to do in the way of reform, while, by at- 
tempting to turn the movement to some 



'Septem.ber, 189S. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



personal ends, they hinder or prevent the 
good which was being accomphshed. 

THE LODGE IN RUSSIA. 

Thus it was after Alexander 11. , than 
whom that great nation never had a more 
wise and benign ruler, had voluntarily 
emancipated all the twenty million serfs 
of Russia, and when he had just given 
his approval to further measures of con- 
stitutional reform, that a Nihilist, a base 
tool of the secret lodge, threw^ a bomb 
which caused the death of the Czar in an 
hour. Thus Nihilism, like the Fenian 
and the Jacobin clubs, professes to be 
working for liberty and to break the arm 
of tyranny; yet it is really carried on by 
persons who care nothing for true liber- 
ty or the rights of the poor. They are 
men who have no regard for truth, but 
who excite the passions and prejudices of 
the ignorant against rightful authority, 
only that they may exercise over them 
the most despotic power. 

THE LODGE IN AMERICAN POLITICS. 

But we turn from lands across the sea 
to our own loved America. In the clear- 
est Hght, excellences and defects are alike 
most apparent, and we find that in the 
soil of free, tolerant, Christian institu- 
tions, the leaven of secret societies works 
cjuicker and with more deadly effect than 
elsewhere. Christ is the fountain-head 
of all liberty; and Jesus said, 'Tn secret 
have I said nothing. >i^ * * If any man 
will serve me let him follow me." And 
since Christ and the spirit of secrecy can- 
not dwell together in the human heart, 
for as light and darkness each is exclus- 
ive of the other, thus it is that "secret so- 
cieties and civil government are two mas- 
ters no man can serve," and secrecy be- 
ing antagonistic to Christianity, is de- 
structive of free government. Nor are 
secret societies anti-republican only be- 
cause they are anti-Christian. Secrecy 
enslaves men. In taking upon himself 
the solemn obligation of secrecy and obe- 
dience to unknown superiors, a man puts 
the manacles upon his own hands; he 
voluntarily surrenders his own judg- 
ment! But a free nation must be made 
up of free men. In the words of John G. 
Woolley, "One free Christian man is the 
germ and principle and type of this 
mighty republic." 

Secret societies, too, prevent the de- 
velopment of that manly self-reliance 



that is essential to the success of free- 
men and to the well-being of a free peo- 
ple; they take away at once the necessity 
and the incentive for a man to do his best. 
Human nature shrinks from unnecessary 
striving to succeed, and seeks the easier 
way of being helped to wealth, position 
and power, and while there is an appar- 
ent gain, it is at the expense of that finer 
quality of manhood w^hich is too truthful 
to take an unjust advantage, but what- 
ever lowers the standard of manhood in 
a republic is inimical to it. It is like the 
worm boring into the timbers of the 
splendid ocean steamer. All unseen, it 
excites no alarm, but is no less surely 
making ready for an awful catastrophe 
in mid-ocean, when the storm comes 
down and the heavy seas break over the 
deck, and the oaken ribs creak and give 
way. 

Through such a catastrophe our gov- 
ernment passed in the civil w^ar, wdiich is 
still fresh in the minds of many of us. 
What the result would have been had 
not God raised up free Christian men, 
such as Lincoln, Seward, Chase, Sumner, 
Charles Francis Adams and others, to 
manage the national affairs, we cannot 
tell. 

But we know this, that now the Kan- 
sas Freemason boasts that during that 
awful national calamity "at times" (the 
Masonic obligation) "proved stronger 
than military orders or discipline;" "that 
it sometimes took the lariat from about 
the neck of one captured under circum- 
stances that warranted the forfeiture of 
his life." It speaks of the friendly and 
social familiarity which was preserved 
between the surgeons of the Federal 
army and certain Confederate soldiers 
who were cared for in the Northern hos- 
pitals, and mentions "the oft-repeated 
and friendly shake of the hand with words 
of cheer and giving of money in numbers 
of cases to these Confederate lodge 
brothers." 

This ofificial gazette of the ^lasonic 
Grand lodge of Kansas says that it was 
to fathom this strange criminal friendli- 
ness between officers in the contending 
armies that our Chief Execuive, \Vm. 
McKinley, joined the lodge, and be it ac- 
knowledged to his credit, "he asked and 
obtained his demit on the same day he. 
became a Master Mason," and kept aloof 



13S 



OHRISTIAiN OYNO'SUHE. 



Septemiber, 1898. 



from the lodge during the war. Would 
God he had never returned to it! Jus- 
tice, intelligence, unity, morality are es- 
sential to free civil government. But 
what justice can there be if an institution 
be tolerated which may have such con- 
trol of the legal machinery that its Mas- 
ter dictates for publication a proclama- 
tion offering a reward for certain mur- 
derers, and at the same time writes a let- 
ter to a lodge, promising immunity to 
those very murderers in case they come 
to trial? How can intelligence prevail if 
science is to be taught with a require- 
ment not to reveal under pain of death, 
after the style of the Masonic lodge? 
What is unity worth if our citizens in a 
multitude of rival secret societies are 
plotting to gain advantage over each 
other? What morality will there be 
should the lodge idea predominate which 
makes it a sin to ''cheat or defraud a 
Master Mason?" In a republic ques- 
tions of so grave a character as to afifect 
the welfare of the whole nation are con- 
stantly coming up. 

QUESTIONS TO BE SOLVED. 

What must be done with the saloon? 
How shall the best interests of the labor- 
ing classes be secured? That the saloon 
is an unmitigated curse, that intoxicat- 
ing drink is the direct occasion of thou- 
sands of hopeless deaths every year is 
positively known; that it is a most fruit- 
ful source of poverty, degradation and 
suffering may be easily proven. Laws 
have been passed to restrict, and in sev- 
eral States to abolish the traffic in drink, 
and yet this dark river of death flows on, 
deepening and widening its channel 
every day ! What is the reason that this 
evil is not put away? Doubtless there 
are more reasons than one ; but one prin- 
cipal reason is the secret lodge shelters it. 

HOW IT AFFECTS THE LABOR QUESTION. 

The labor problem as it now exists in 
this country is largely the fruit of secret 
contriving on the part of workmen and 
their employers. ''Labor and capital" 
really means men. It means men who 
work with their hands, and who labor 
and plan with weary brain. Only friend- 
ly relations should exist between these 
two classes. In the commercial world 
they are the right and left hands of all 
business enterprise; any high degree of 
prosperity is simply impossible without 



their co-operation, and it is necessary 
that they be untrammeled. But here the 
spirit of secrecy comes in, takes advan- 
tage of the fact that the laborer is ignor- 
ant to a certain extent of the burdens of 
his wealthier neighbor, and the capitalist 
of those of his workmen, and uses the 
natural selfishness of the human heart to 
promote distrust and ill-will where a fair 
understanding of each other's needs and 
plans would promote sympathy and a 
spirit which would surmount difficulties. 
Workmen are sworn to secrecy from 
their employers, and to obedience to un- 
known superiors, and the men who need 
their help are in turn sworn to secrecy 
from their workmen; thus each is led to 
look upon the other as his rival and to 
look with a jealous eye on every suscess 
which comes to his (supposed) enemy. 

THEY ARE UNCONSTITUTIONAL. 

Jesus said: "Be ye not called Rabbi. 

* * * Neither be ye called masters; for 
one is your Master, Christ." The consti- 
tution of the United States reads (art. I., 
sec. 9): "No fitle of nobility shall be 
granted by the United States;" but the 
secret orders, even the temperance or- 
ders, indulge in titles so lofty they would 
be ridiculous if they were not held in con- 
tempt of Christ's command; while the 
Masonic lodge confers titles so haughty 
that they would provoke laughter were 
they not many of them blasphemous and 
contrary to the spirit of our national con- 
stitution. The Masonic Grand Lodge re- 
port of New Hampshire for 1876 pre- 
sents the following startling claim: "The 

* * =*'- law of the land is, as such, of no 
binding force in the government of the 
Masonic Institution!" The Grand Lodge 
report of Missouri for 1867 contains the 
statement that "To every government 
save that of Masonry and to each and all 
alike we 3 re foreigners." This claim on 
their part ought to relieve Masons from 
all responsibility as American citizens; 
for they are foreigners residing in the 
United States, and so not eligible to vote 
or hold office in the general government. 
And yet in the State of Iowa alone there 
were in January, 1895, according to their 
Grand Lodge report, 26,103 Freemasons, 
and these men were enjoying the privi- 
leges of citizenship. And in every State 
in the Union there is a large number of 
men who owe fealty to another, a secret 



Se,ptemiber, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



139 



government, yet who hold offices in the 
United States government! This state 
of things cannot safely be allowed to con- 
tinue; it is dangerous to the general cause 
of civil liberty and just government. 

THEY CONFLICT WITH THE CIVIL OATH. 

If there is one thing more sacred than 
all else in man's civil relations it is the 
judicial oath. But when men take oaths 
with death penalties attached in case of 
non-observance, and these oaths conflict 
with the civil oath, a temptation is put 
before the citizen to disregard the civil 
oath which it is difficult to Vv^ithstand. In 
the words of another, "This nation can no 
more endure with two kinds of oaths in 
her court rooms — the civil and Masonic 
— than she could exist part slave and 
part free." A witness refused to give 
evidence before the Pennsylvania Senate 
investigating committee, in December, 
1896, because of his being under Ma- 
sonic obligation. He considered this "as 
binding as anything we hold sacred," and 
that if he at all answered he should tell 
a lie! 

"It is my opinion," said Daniel Web- 
ster, "that the administration of all such 
oaths (as the Masonic) and the forma- 
tion of all such obligations should be pro- 
hibited by law." 

Secret societies are: 

"Distinct like the billows, 
Yet one like the sea." 

Government pertains to the legal 
forms and barriers thrown about our so- 
cial, civil and religious rights and privi- 
leges for their protection and prservation. 
God has established three institutions to 
conserve these interests — the Family, the 
Church and the State. Man is so consti- 
tuted that to destroy either one leaves 
him physically, socially and morally a 
wreck. 

THEY DESTROY THE HOME. 

Take the family, for instance; it re- 
quires very little insight or even knowl- 
edge of the state of affairs now existing 
in some parts of the world to perceive 
that this institution cannot be set aside 
or disregarded without working ruin^to 
men's hopes for time and eternity, and 
eventually blotting out both Church and 
State. 

But Satan, as if scorning to take this 
slow way of destroying men, has invented 
the secret society system, which aims at 



one stroke to overthrow all three — the 
Family, by separating husband and wife, 
by life-long vows of secrecy, and by a 
partial morality which destroys all puri- 
ty; the State, by a false oath, and by alle- 
giance to lavv^s made for the lodge, from 
which a majority of the citizens are cut 
off by the terms of membership; the 
Church, by religious ceremonies which 
are false and worship which is vain be- 
cause not appointed by God, nor sanc- 
tioned by our Lord Jesus Christ, and 
against all three at once by removing 
that faith in God which comes by obe- 
dience to His revealed will, and that con- 
fidence among men which is fostered by 
a fair understanding of each other's mo- 
tives and which conduces to order and 
peace and so to the common welfare. 
Wheaton, 111. 



SECRET SOCIETIES IN POLITICS. 



REV. J. M. FOSTER. 



Cur government found it necessary to 
assail the Knights of the Golden Circle 
during the war, because they were plot- 
ting to destroy it. It became necessary 
to throttle the Molly Maguire and Ku- 
Klux-Klan, as a means of self-protec- 
tion. Not many years ago the supreme 
court of the United States decided that 
any one who has taken the Endowment 
House oaths of the Mormon hierarchy 
should not be naturalized, and if he has 
been naturalized, should be disfranchised. 
The secret order of Mafia came over to 
us from Italy. They discovered their true 
character in the murder of Chief of Po- 
lice Hennessey, of New Orleans. That 
assassination was a crime which demand- 
ed retribution, and eleven members of the 
order were put on trial. Through fear of 
the order the jury acquitted them. A 
mob attacked the prison that very night 
and summarily dispatched these guilty 
wretches. That massacre cannot be justi- 
fied. But a secret, oath-bound gang of 
ruffians and brigands cannot be tolerated 
here. That massacre was the handwrit- 
ing on the walls of the secret dens of 
Mafia. Because of their disloyalty the 
Jesuits were expelled from Prussia, Aus- 
tria, Italy and other countries of Europe 
and from the South American republics. 
The Illuminati of France, which plunged 



140 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



that nation into the reign of terror, was 
the instrument of the Jesuits. The Car- 
bonari of Italy, whose motto was "Ven- 
geance for the lamb torn by the wolf," 
was the hand of the Jesuits lifted against 
the government of the Pope, who had 
dared to repudiate them. Napoleon III. 
of France was moved by the Jesuits to 
send Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, 
to make war on Mexico in 1862, with a 
view of forming an empire out of the re- 
public and uniting this with the Southern 
Confederacy. The Jesuit society is an 
enemv of our republic. 

The murder of Dr. Cronin in Chicago 
led to the trial of the order of Clan-na- 
Gael. Their horrid oaths were exposed 
and found to disqualify those taking them 
for citizenship. The High Binders of 
California were imported from China. 
They are a secret order of plotters against 
human rights. Their presence is worse 
than a deadly plague. Such orders as 
these are the serpents of Laocoon, en- 
twining their slimy folds about our po- 
litical body and ready to crush out our 
national life. "The sword" in the hand 
of the government must cut these folds 
asunder and save the republic. 

The secrecy which the members of all 
lodges are bound by oath to maintain is 
dangerous to society. Mr. Harwood 
states in the North American Review 
that there are in the United States over 
fifty distinct secret orders, with over 70,- 
000 lodges and at least 6,000,000 mem- 
bers. There are about 14,000,000 voters. 
Out of these at least 5,000,00 are mem- 
bers of some secret order. They hold 
the balance of power in every national 
election. This government does not want 
its policy dictated from the dark recesses 
of the lodge. 

It is a matter of history that the Free- 
masons murdered Capt. William Mor- 
gan in 1826. Forty-five out of every fifty 
members of the lodge left the order. 
After this exodus the lodge went South 
and allied itself with slavery. The South- 
ern Confederacy was conceived in the 
lodge. The "boys in blue" went down 
and crushed the ''rebellion," but they 
were taken in coils of the secret lodge 
system. Since the war the secret empire 
has grown with remarkable rapidity in 
the North and is still increasing at the 
rate of 300,000 members annually. This 



vast and growing power is under oath of 
secrecy. Macoy's Manual, page 18, says: 
"The virtue indispensably requisite irt 
Masons is secrecy. This is the guard of 
their confidence and the security of their 
trust. So great a stress is to be laid upon 
it that it is to be enforced under the 
strongest obligations." This is where we 
reach the danger line. 

In 1822 the Vermont Legislature rec- 
ognized this in passing the following act : 
"A person who administers to another 
an oath or afiirmation, or obligation in 
the nature of an oath, which is not re- 
quired or authorized by law, or a person 
who voluntarily suffers such oath or ob- 
ligation to be administered to him, or vol- 
untarily takes the same, shall be fined not 
more than $100 and not less than $50, 
but this section shall not prohibit an oath 
or affidavit for the purpose of establish- 
ing claim, petition or application by an 
individual or corporation administered 
without intentional secrecy by a person 
authorized to administer oaths, or an 
oath or affidavit for the verification of 
commercial papers or documents relat- 
ing to property, or which may be re- 
' quired by a public officer or tribunal of 
the United States, or of any State, or any 
other country, nor abridge the authority 
of the magistrate." In 1839 the Legis- 
lature increased the penalty to $200. 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire 
adopted the Vermont law. Daniel Web- 
ster, the great lawyer and statesman, de- 
fended it. The principle underlying this 
legislation will yet be recognized as abso- 
lutely essential to the life of the republic. 

The authority of the lodge is danger- 
ous. Masonry is an imperium in inipe- 
rio. Mackey's Lexicon, page 8, says: 
"The master is supreme in the lodge. 
Such a thing as an appeal from the mas- 
ter to the lodge is unknown in Masonry. 
The power of the Master is supreme." 
Page 103: "The government of the 
Grand Lodge is completely despotic; its 
edicts must be respected, obeyed with- 
out examination by its subordinate 
lodges." An officer of the Grand Lodge 
in Missouri, in 1867, said: "Not only do 
we know no North, no South, no East, 
no West, but we know no government 
save our own. To every government 
save that of Masonry, and to each and all 
alike, we are foreigners. We are a na- 



September, 1S98. 



OHUISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



141 



tion of men bound to each other only by 
Masonic ties, as citizens of the world, and 
that world the world of Masonry, breth- 
ren to each other all the world over, for- 
eigners to all the world besides." That 
is treason or bombast. If the latter, it is 
unworthy of thinking men. If the for- 
mer, it is in keeping with their constitu- 
tion. 

In Hartford, Conn., in the summer of 
1895, Malcomb B. Griswold, a Mason, 
set fire to some of his buildings to get the 
insurance. He confided the facts to a 
brother Mason, Dr. Frederick Jackson. 
The Doctor violated his Masonic oath to 
conceal what was told him and laid the 
facts before the grand jury. Griswold 
was tried and convicted of arson and sent 
to the penitentiary for ten years. The 
Hartford lodge then tried Dr. Jackson 
for un-]\Iasonic conduct in informing on 
a brother Mason and suspended him. 
Are the IMasons against law and order? 
In this case they are. A judge in Illinois 
was trying a case. The prisoner in the 
dock gave him the Masonic sign of dis- 
tress. He reproved him and said: 'T will 
not recognize those signs while I am 
here on duty." But the judge violated 
his Alasonic oath in carrying out his ju- 
dicial oath. A girl came from the old 
world and located in an Illinois town and 
earned her honest living. A wealthy mer- 
chant robbed her of virtue and honor. 
To cover his crime he had an illegal oper- 
ation performed under which she died 
in a room over his store. He would not 
give her burial. She was interred in the 
pauper's field without a cofiin. He was 
tried and acquitted by Alasonic jurors 
and judge. The case was appealed and 
again Masonry secured his acquittal. 
President Millard Fillmore said: "The 
Alasonic fraternity tramples upon our 
rights, defeats the administration of jus- 
tice and bids defiance to every govern- 
ment which it cannot control." Thaddeus 
Stevens said: "By Freemasonry, trial by 
jury is transformed into an engine of des- 
potism and Masonic fraud." 
Boston, Mass. 



THE SECRET EMPIRE IN POLITICS. 



Therefore, whatsoever ye have spoken 
in darkness shall be heard in the light; 
and that which ye have spoken in the ear 
in closets shall be proclaimed upon the 
housetops. Luke 12: 3. 



HENRY M. HUGUNIN, 



When we consider the fact that most 
of the public offices in every department 
of our government are filled with mem- 
bers of societies, bound together by se- 
cret obligations which forbid the exer- 
cise of their private judgment, require 
them to support each other in the interest 
of their fraternity, and render implicit 
obedience to the mandates of their su- 
preme fraternal rulers, it may well be 
feared that the original and untrameled 
republicanism of our nation is fast degen- 
erating into a dangerous imperialism; 
that the will of the people and their right 
to govern themselves is passing away, 
and that the supremacy of the secret em- 
pire is becoming notoriously manifest. 
At the head of these secret societies, emi- 
nent for its numerical strength and po- 
litical influence, is Freemasonry, the 
principles and tactics of which neither 
Christianity can sanction nor honest citi- 
zenship approve. 

It is said by ]\IasoniQ authority that 
"the obligation makes the Mason," and 
these obligations are undeniably strin- 
gent. For instance, a Master ^lason's 
oath requires him to assist a Mason in 
preference to any one outside of his fra- 
ternity. It also pledges him not to "sup- 
plant any other Master ]\Iason in any of 
his laudable undertakings" — of which 
office-seeking is one — and to keep all his 
secrets, "murder and treason excepted." 
In the higher degrees of Freemasonry 
the obligation removes this exception, 
and makes the Masonic fraternity invul- 
nerable by its concealment of the schemes 
and crimes of a brother Mason, thus 
turning the entire membership of those 
degrees into silent partakers of his guilt. 

The motives which usually distinguish 
a politician in his aspirations for a pub- 
lic ofiice are avarice and an ambition to 
obtain a controlling influence, and everv 
intelligent citizen readily comprehends 
the meanness and craftiness into which 
these principles are likely to lead a per- 
sistent office-seeker, especially if he be- 
longs to a powerful secret society. In 
that case he has a three-fold probability 
of success in his undertaking: i. The 
purposes and devices concealed in his 



141 



CHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



<Sep,teimber, 1898. 



own breast. 2. The secret obligation of 
his lodge brethren to support him.^ 3. 
The deception as to his real motives 
which he practices upon the other voters 
in his bailiwick. Such a man having 
been elected or appointed to office under 
these circumstances, and thus coming 
mto power, will have ''his friends to re- 
ward and his enemies to punish,'' and it 
is easv to understand, knowing his prin- 
ciples and the secret of his success, the 
unclean character of his administration. 
His triumph is a glorification of his fra- 
ternity. 

I have singled out Masonry as the se- 
cret society upon which the odium of po- 
litical chicanery should mainly rest, be- 
cause it is the oldest, most aggressive and 
most hypocritical of the secret orders. 
Hardly less corrupt and destructive of 
our national rights and privileges are 
Oddfellowship, Pythianism, labor feder- 
ations and the lesser fraternities, but they 
are only the offspring of Freemasonry, 
closely following it in whatever is evil and 
odious, and only lacking its prestige and 
influence to rival it in its principles and 
practices. 

The principal offices of our govern- 
ment, in all its departments, being filled 
with men elected or appointed under such 
influences and by such means, what must 
be the resuhs to the public welfare? What 
has Christianity or morality to expect? 
Can there be impartiality of favor, or the 
exercise of even-handed justice in high 
places? Can there be just rewards for 
patient merit or honest industry? Will 
not monopoly, greed and oppression 
rule? Can righteousness prevail, and 
general prosperity abound? Let the pres- 
ent conditions of society answer these 
questions, and place the responsibility 
for them where it belongs— upon the se- 
cret and destructive machinations of the 
lodges. 

Chicago, 111. 



MASONS LAYING CORNER STONES. 



PROF. D. B. WILLSON. 



But all things that are reproved are 
made manifest by the light; for whatso- 
ever doth make manifest is light. Eph. 
5: 13- ^ 

And what concord hath Christ with 
Belial? or what part hath he that be- 
lieveth with an infidel? 



When one thinks of the topic, 'The 
Secret Orders in Politics," there come up 
numberless instances of their handiwork 
in civil affairs. This is to be expected. 
Men do not organize a secret order ex- 
cept for some personal advantage. It is 
an unnnatural alliance, and they must 
needs be sworn to conceal the mys- 
teries (!) they learn, for it is natural to 
talk of the wonders we learn. 

Pennsylvania has its share of the de- 
votees of Secrecy, and Masonry, especial- 
ly, has a strong hold in public places. 
Witness the late act of the Masonic order 
in laying the corner stone of the new 
Capitol at Harrisburg. This was done, 
as far as we have noticed, without a pro- 
test. The people are so used to the intru- 
sion of these men into high places with 
their insignia that it fails to arouse them, 
or they are afraid to protest. General 
Shafter is irritated and vexed when Syl- 
vester Scovel intrudes at the raising of 
the United States flag in Santiago, 
' though he was eyes for hundreds of thou- 
sands of his fellow countrymen. Yet 
these men intrude with their badges of 
secret societies into the chief place on a 
great public occasion. What wonder 
when the church of Christ submits! 

I recall now a photograph I saw in En- 
gland in 1896 of the corner stone laying 
of an English church, and among the 
party lo! were men clothed in the Ma- 
sonic insignia with their aprons. But is 
not the heir apparent of the British 
crown — that is, the prospective head of 
the church, the Grand Master of the or- 
der in England? And our own chief ruler 
is a Mason. Well might we hope that, 
like Washington, he may be led to drop 
his connection with them. 

Allegheny, Pa. 



The bills for the Montpelier conven- 
tion were put in type at Barre, Vt., but 
when Bro. Stoddard took it to the print- 
ers the power of the lodge was such, and 
the prejudice against the anti-secret 
movement was so intense, that no office 
in Barre, a city of 3,000 people, would 
dare to do the press work, so the job had 
to be taken elsewhere. 



Sepitemiber, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOiSURE. 



143 



tbttonal. 



NECESSITY FOR OUR WORK. 



Take even the most radical of the anti- 
secret churches, none of them testify as 
strongly against secret societies as the 
nature of the evil demands. There is, 
then, a crying necessity for the work of 
the N. C. A. Before the slave holders' 
rebellion, the testimony of the churches 
against slavery was so feeble and ineffect- 
ual that the organization of anti-slavery 
societies was a necessity. These socie- 
ties, under the leadership of such men as 
Phillips and Garison, did much hard and 
unpopular work for the churches. They 
worked side by side with them, clearing 
the way and removing the great obstruc- 
tion to the spread of the gospel. 

The same can be said even with greater 
emphasis of our testimony against the 
lodges. The secret, false worship of the 
lodges is displacing the worship of Christ 
and preying like a night vampire on the 
vitals of the republic. Our work is to en- 
courage and strengthen the hands of the 
churches in testifying against this dan- 
gerous system. 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



This association was formed at a na- 
tional meeting in Pittsburg in May, 1868, 
of those opposed to secret societies. Dur- 
ing the summer of the same year The 
Christian Cynosure was started. During 
these thirty years the association has held 
annual meetings, enlisting hundreds of 
speakers and devoted witnesses for 
Christ. The Cynosure has made regular 
visits into hundreds of thousands of 
homes, and, through its influence, multi- 
tudes of Christians have been awakened 
and interested in this great reform. 

The writer, although reared in an anti- 
secret church, yet, like thousands of 
others, must date his first interest in^the 
anti-secret cause to his contact with the 
National Christian Association and its 
literature. It was the conventions of this 
association that first awakened in the 
minds of leading men in his denomina- 
tion an interest in the issue, and thus the 
church was awakened to a sense of the 



importance of this reform. The same is 
doubtless true of other anti-secret 
churches. Where would their testimony 
on this cjuestion have been to-day, had 
it not been for the persevering work of 
our association in standing in the gap to 
save them from being flanked in the l3at- 
tle with these powers of darkness? 



MUCH TO ENCOURAGE. 



The past year presents much that is 
encouraging to the friends of anti-secre- 
cy. Many good men are disposed to lis- 
ten to a candid discussion of the claims 
of secrecy; others influenced by the spirit 
of Christianity and patriotism are seced- 
ing from these institutions and exposing 
their secret rituals as opposed to the best 
interests of society, antagonizing the 
church in her work, and fraught with 
danger to the state. We cannot too high- 
ly commend the conduct of those noble 
men who often at the risk of personal 
safety, business and worldly reputation, 
renounce these obligations sinfully taken 
to associations that are contrary to the 
plain requirements of Christianity. 

It must be confessed that these insti- 
tutions are increasing in number. De- 
signing men realize the advantage of as- 
sociations in which the good name and 
reputation of others will shield them from 
suffering the righteous punishment due 
to their criminal acts. The multiplica- 
tion of so many secret societies threatens 
the safety of the state. French history 
may yet be repeated in the United States. 
A combination of the different secret or- 
ders could easily overthrow constitution- 
al authority and establish a reign of ter- 
ror in this country as it did in France. 
This, followed by a division among them- 
selves, and an effort by the different or- 
ders, each one to gain the supremacy, as 
in France, might easily crimson the 
streets of our cities with the blood of their 
citizens. 



WHAT ENDANGERS FREEMASONRY. 



In an article entitled "Danger With- 
in," the Voice of Masonry calls in ques- 
tion the boast that Masonry is indestruct- 
ible and that its principles will endure 
through all time. It claims that if every 
lover of Masonrv does not soon come to 



144 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



.Sep/tem(bei% 1898. 



the rescue the institution will soon cease 
to exist. The danger is that Masons are 
being made "at sight," by wholesale, 
without fees, and without investigation. 
In Fargo, North Dakota, in Shiloh Ma- 
sonic lodge, on Sabbath, May 22, thirty- 
one soldiers were made Master Masons 
and were granted a dispensation empow- 
ering them to organize a movable mili- 
tary "lodge in the Philippine Islands, and 
the' Grand Lodge approved the act. 

The Masonic Advocate claims that ''if 
Masonry is to be given away in this man- 
ner why not include the whole army in 
the gratuity? They might then be ini- 
tiated by regiments in the open field, by 
throwing out a picket line of Masons to 
keep off ^stragglers." The extent towhich 
Masonry figures in war and in politics is 
manifest from the anxiety of these sol- 
diers to be rushed through the degrees. 
The Masonic Advocate says : "The word 
coming yesterday morning that the First 
Regiment would move for Manila with- 
in a few days, it was decided to do this 
work last evening. It was 2 o'clock yes- 
terday afternoon before the Grand Mas- 
ter could be reached, and he cheerfully 
and quickly gave his consent. The lodges 
at Devils Lake, Wahpeton, Jamestown 
and Bismarck heard of the movement, 
and immediately wired requests that cer- 
tain members of their own company be 
complimented with the degrees," which 
was granted. 



THE ANTI-SECRET MOVEMENT. 



"When the enemy comes in like a 
flood, the Spirit of the Lord wiU lift up 
a standard against him." This promise 
is full of cheer to every faithful reformer. 
History proves that God raises up re- 
form agencies to contend against every 
public evil. This was true in the anti- 
slavery reform and is true now in the re- 
form against secret societies. They are, 
by many students of prophecy, believed 
to be the flood which the dragon is pour- 
ing out of his mouth to destroy the 
church. They are the three unclean spir- 
its, like frogs, gone forth to deceive the 
kings of the earth and to gather them to 
the great battle of Armageddon. 

So thirty years ago, when after the 
civil war the lodge system received a 
mighty impetus and young men and ex- 



soldiers were being swept into it by thou- 
sands, God, in fulfillment of His promise, 
called into existence the National Chris- 
tian Association, to lift up a standard 
against this powerful evil. The move- 
ment has enlisted the humble, devoted, 
self-sacrificing, earnest Christian work- 
ers of all evangelical denominations, pos- 
sessing warm hearts and clear minds, and 
many of them occupying high positions 
in both church and state. That they have 
taken the highest and most radical 
ground of any reform organization is evi- 
dent from the following declaration 
adopted in their platform of principles: 

"We further most firmly believe that a 
government without God has none but 
lynch power and is destitute of all legiti- 
mate authority to maintain civil order, 
to swear a witness, to try a criminal, to 
hang a murderer, to imprison a thief, and, 
while we consider government without 
God as mere usurpation, we regard all 
religious and worships invented by men, 
and so having no higher than human 
origin, as mere swindling impositions and 
cheats." 



KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. 



The Supreme Lodge of the K. P. held 
its biennial session at Indianapolis, Aug. 
22-24. There were 14,000 marched in 
the procession, 10,000 of them in uni- 
form. It is also reported that 200,000 
persons were spectators. Gov. Mount 
gave the welcoming address, highly ex- 
tolling the order. But, from one sec- 
tion of the supreme chancellor's address, 
the Pythians must be set down as insig- 
nificent factors in the temperance or pro- 
hibition cause. He said: "To my mind 
the legislation in regard to what is com- 
monly known as the liquor question 
ought to be wiped off our statutes. It is 
constantly being evaded, and a great ma- 
jority of people in large cosmopolitan 
cities like New York have no respect for 
it, and look upon it as a piece of hypoc- 
risy, buncombe and humbug." 

in another paragraph he said: "The 
supreme council should be abolished, and 
the tin swords discarded. Instead of 
tags, the members should have guns, so 
that when another war breaks out, we 
can have something to ofifer to the gov- 
ernment besides play soldiers. It would 



Septemiber, 189S. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



14: 



attract the young element to our lodges, 
and to the uniform rank." 

Gen. Sheridan, once commander-in- 
chief of our army, said: ''A government 
that allows bodies of men on its soil to 
acquire a military drill and discipline, in- 
dependent of its control, does not deserve 
the name of a government." This arm- 
ing and drilling of secret societies has be- 
come the order of the day, and it may 
soon be demonstrated that Gen. Sheri- 
dan was right. But perhaps God's meth- 
od of destroying these secret orders will 
be to bring them in collision, like the 
potsherds of the earth, and so dash them 
to pieces. At all events the arming of 
such bodies is a standing threat to our 
free institutions. The total number of 
K. P. lodges in 1897 was 6,683, with a 
membership of 468,269. 



FREEMASONRY IN ENGLAND. 



GEN. WEYLER RULED BY FREEMA- 
SONRY. 



A power to which the army of Spain 
must bow, and which can countermand 
the orders of its chief commander, Gen. 
Weyler, and stop a big transatlantic 
steamer, after it has weighed anchor and 
is under way, is not a power to be laugh- 
ed at. This was illustrated in the harbor 
of Havana during Cuba's war wdth Spain 
in the winter of 1897. The steamer was 
in the government service. It had be- 
hind it the orders of Gen. Weyler. It 
had on board a number of prisoners ban- 
ished from Cuba to the penal colony at 
Fernando Po for political offenses. 

One of these prisoners was a Free- 
mason, a member of the Grand Lodge 
at Caracas, in Venezuela. The consul 
at Havana, from that republic, had tried 
in vain to secure the release of this Ma- 
son. Gen. Weyler was not a Mason, and 
vvould show no leniency toward the Ma- 
sonic oiTfender. At last the consul ap- 
pealed to the Grand Master of the lodge 
of which the prisoner was a member. 
Then came an order from the President 
of Venezuela to release the Masonic pris- 
oner, and Gen. Weyler was obliged to 
signal the big vessel to stop until he 
could send out a poHce boat and bring 
the Freemason ashore and release him. 
Who will dare to say that Freemasonry 
is not a tremendous power behind the 
thrones of all nations? 



There has been for the past hundred 
years in London an institution known as 
the Royal Masonic Institution for Boys. 
The American Tyler says it has educated 
and clothed 2,300 sons of deceased, indi- 
gent Freemasons. At present there are 
280 boys in it. Last June the centenary 
festival of this institution was held in 
Royal Albert Hall, London. The ad- 
dress of the evening was by the Prince 
of Wales, who also presided. He is the 
Most Worshipful Grand Master of lodges 
in England. 

In his address he said it was thirty 
years since he was initiated as a member 
of the craft, and for twenty-four years he 
had been their Grand Master. He stated 
that there were now 114,000 Masons un- 
der the Grand Lodge of England, against 
65,000 in 1875. He said Freemasonry 
flourished in no country as it did in En- 
gland. This is a question we wish our 
anti-Masonic friends in Great Britain to 
consider. Could they not do more to lift 
up a standard against this great system of 
false religion which is honey-combing 
the very foundations of both church and 
state? Why cannot a movement be set 
on foot in Great Britain to rally the 
friends of light against this power of 
darkness? 



MURDEROUS SOCIETY IN SPAIN. 



A recent tourist in Spain writes that 
all along the highways are crosses sur- 
rounded by little heaps of stones. They 
mean that there a traveler was murder- 
ed, his body was found by the local au- 
thorities, buried where it was discovered, 
and a cross placed to mark the spot. In 
some mountain passes there are crosses 
at every few steps, and in one pass in \'a- 
lencia it is said there is a cross for every 
100 yards of its entire length. The gyp- 
sies are responsible for not a few of the 
murders that occur in the rural districts 
and along the lonely mountain roads. 

A traveler riding on his nuile turns a 
corner in the road and finds himself sud- 
denly in the midst of a gypsy band, his 
bridle rein is seized by a stalwart, dirty, 
bearded cutthroat; a woman in a whin- 
ing tone supplicates alms. With a trem- 
bling hand the traveler draws out his 



146 



OHKiISTIAN CYNO'SUItEl. 



Seipiteimiber, 1898. 



purse to contribute, when, from behind, 
a blow from a bludgeon strikes him from 
his beast; the next day his naked body is 
found by the wayside, and another cross 
is reared. Murders in the city are as 
common as in the country. So frequent 
and numerous are these private assassi- 
nations that there is reason to believe a 
murderous society exists in Spain, resem- 
bling in general character the Mafia of 
Sicily. It is said that in Barcelona, To- 
ledo or any other southern city of Spain 
vengeance can be bought. A man de- 
sirous of having an enemy slain can have 
the murder done for a few dollars, and in 
view of the frequency with which dead 
bodies are found in the streets of these 
cities there seems a probability that the 
statement is true. 



CAPTAIN KIDD A MASON. 



One of our city dailies contains the fol- 
lowing interesting reminiscence of the 
noted pirate Kidd: ''There is a man in 
Bowdoinham, Me., whose great-grand- 
father once encountered the Captain 
Kidd whose sailings and treasure have 
made him famous. Captain Andrew Cur- 
tis is the man whose relative was so dis- 
tinguished, and this is the story he tells : 

" 'Captain John Rogers, my grandfa- 
ther, was all liis life a seaman. His fa- 
ther, Captain John R. Rogers, at the 
time of the Revolutionary War was in 
the naval service of the colonies as a pri- 
vateer, the Continental Congress having 
issued to him letters of marque. At the 
time to which I refer he was master of a 
merchantman, and was bound, with his 
vessel and valuable cargo, from the West 
Indies to Boston. He had been out to 
sea but a day or two when a strange ship 
was seen approaching. Nearer and near- 
er it came, and suddenly an explosion 
was heard and a cannon shot struck the 
water just across his vessel's bows. This 
very broad hint was immediately follow- 
ed by the hoisting of a black flag with its 
skull and crossbones, revealing its star- 
tling, piratical character. 

'Tn a short space of time a boat from 
the enemy arrived alongside, and a fero- 
cious-looking set of men, fifteen to twen- 
ty of them, arrived with pistols and cut- 
lasses, and came, one after the other, up 
over the vessel's side and on to the deck. 



They were headed by their commander,, 
who proved to be none other than the 
dread buccaneer Captain Kidd. 

''My grandfather, as he faced the pi- 
rate chief, gave him the Masonic sign. 
Kidd, however, made no tangible recog- 
nition of it, but turning to his men, ex- 
claimed, in an authoritative tone and 
manner: 'Don't you trouble a single 
thing here till I see what this fellow has 
got.' He then told grandfather to go 
with him down into the cabin. The two 
went down there together. What trans- 
pired between them in that important in- 
terview grandfather would never tell, ex- 
cept that Kidd revealed that he, too, was 
a Mason. In about ten minutes the two 
reappeared on deck. Then the pirate 
again addressed his followers, saying: 
'These poor devils have nothing worth 
taking, so you will let them and every- 
thing else here entirely alone. Back to 
the boat, men, at once, and we'll be off!' " 



LODGE INITIATION CRIMES. 



To the long list of disgraceful, barbar- 
ous and criminal lodge initiations have 
recently been added two, one in Toledo, 
Ohio, "wherein," says the Masonic 
Chronicle, "a candidate for membership 
in a 'bicycle workers' organization' was 
fatally injured by the misuse of an in- 
strument called 'a spanker' — an affair in 
which a cartridge or torpedo is used. In 
this case the telegram says 'the cartridge 
had been placed in wTong and exploded 
toward his body.' 'It was thought at 
first he had been killed — he was sent 
home in a carriage,' and 'his condition is 
serious.' It is claimed that 'the boys' 
must have their 'fun' on these occasions, 
and that the candidate must be taught 'a 
lesson' he will remember. Where there 
are lessons of importance to be impress- 
ed upon candidates, it is not necessary 
that their lives should be placed in jeop- 
ardy to do it. But such 'Son of Malta' 
acts are not necessary on such occasions 
and should be abolished; they bring legi- 
timate initiations into disrepute and cast 
stigma upon the work of legitimate or- 
ders and fraternities." 

The other case is from Omaha, Neb., 
and is thus reported in the Cincinnati 
Post: 

"An effort has been made to keep quiet 



iSei>temtoer, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



141 



an incident of the recent convention of 
the United States Building Association 
League, at Omaha, in which one of the 
Cincinnati delegates was seriously in- 
jured, but the facts have leaked out. A 
number of the visiting delegates who 
were shown all the sights of the Nebras- 
ka city were, by special dispensation, in- 
itiated into an exclusive secret society, 
known as the Aks-Arb-en. The society is 
one to which the prominent men of the 
State belong. It holds annual social ses- 
sions similar to the Elks, Among the 
favored few members were the three Cin- 
cinnati representatives, President Fred 
Bader, S. Rosenthal and Herman Cela- 
rius. 

''The initiatory ceremony was impres- 
sive, but by no means gentle. One of the 
features was w^hat is known as giving a 
man the blanket He is placed in a blan- 
ket and tossed high into the air by sev- 
eral men, being allowed to drop into a 
blanket unharmed beyond a little fright. 
In receiving this part of the work Rosen- 
thal, who is a heavy man, was thrown too 
far to one side and fell to the floor. His 
right arm was fractured and he was 
otherwise cut and bruised. He was placed 
in charge of an Omaha physician and 
left behind by Bader and Celarius when 
they came home." 

It seems amazing that men will be 
hazed, bruised, and some of them killed 
in the foolishness of lodge initiation. A 
dog can be fooled but once, but men are 
more silly. Like the insects that con- 
tinue to fly around the flame, and plunge 
into it, notwithstanding the thousands 
that perish in it. 



PROTECTION WITHOUT TAXATION. 



One of the evils threatening to plunge 
this nation into revolution is the many 
institutions refusing to bear their share 
of the expense of government. Mrs. N. 
E. Kellogg, in her admirable discussion 
in this issue, shows that this was the chief 
cause of the French revolution. Many 
are not aware that the breweries in tTiis 
country, which are the great fountains 
of crime and pauperism, as a rule escape 
the burdens of taxation, and they are a 
dangerous monopoly rapidly aggregat- 
ing the nation's wealth. 

The secret lodges also are combining 



vast wealth in the shape of public build- 
ings in most of the large cities, like the 
Masonic Temple in Chicago. The Ma- 
sons of Washington will soon begin the 
erection of a temple to cost $500,000. The 
structure will occupy 15,000 square feet 
of land in the business portion of the city. 
In Springfield, Ohio, there are secret so- 
ciety buildings erected by the K. P. or- 
der, and the I. C. O. F. and the Masons 
at an expense of $30,000, $60,000 and 
$150,000. The Oddfellow Grand Lodge 
of Ohio appointed a committee to see 
that an act was passed by the Legisla- 
ture exempting this property from taxa- 
tion. The Knight, a Knights of Pythias 
journal of Columbus, Ohio, says that B. 
F. Cayman, a Representative from 
Franklin County, took the matter in 
charge, and, amid the closing hours of 
the legislative session railroaded it 
through the first, second and third read- 
ings, under suspension of the rules, and 
passed it, so that it is now a law. Other 
States are adopting similar legislation, 
and, as the government passes more and 
more under the control of the lodge, the 
strong probability is that the vast wealth 
they represent will be exempt from taxa- 
tion, and thus the burdens of government 
will rest heavily upon the few, as was the 
case in France before the revolution. 



SHALL REAP THE WHIRLWIND. 



Thomas M. Chalmers, of this city, has 
written: "Voltaire, a mighty so<wer of 
the deistic tares that ripened into the 
reign of terror, got his deism in boyhood 
from a priest of the fallen Gallican 
'dhurch. Dr. Mac Dill has lately shown 
that our deadly 'higher criticism had its 
origin in the /writings of V^oltaire. His 
infidelity was carried into the German 
imiversities, and at last has <:ome to dis- 
turb our British and American Chris- 
tianity. But I want to say with emphasis, 
that the same deism that ruined Voltaire 
is now being taught in the lodges in ev- 
ery city and town of Britain and Amer- 
ica, and our British and American 
.churches, by neglecting to hear testi- 
mony against this lodge religion, and by 
fellowship with it, have prepared the way 
for their own destruction. 

''Why is it thought strange that Prof. 
Briggs should be acquitted when the 



14S 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURJE. 



Septemiber, 1898. 



Presb}'terian church, for two genera- 
tions, has permitted her ministers and 
members to fellowship with a society 
which is organized by Satan for the very 
purpose of teaching more damning doc- 
trines than Briggs ever dreams of teach- 
ing. The Presbyterian church need not 
complain if she is torn to fragments by 
the hig'her criticism, for she has all along 
been planting similar seed in her own 
soil. And other churches in our land 
have done the same thing. Soon these 
two influences 'working in Satanic har- 
mony, the one amid the scholarship of 
the country, and the other among the 
common mass, will destroy our Ameri- 
can churches, unless God interposes, and 
with the removal of all restraining power, 
our proud American civilization will turn 
to barbarism, and rush on into a whirl- 
pool of unhinged intellect and passion, 
compared with which the French revolu- 
tion was a mother's lullaby to her weajy 
child." 



THE HOLLAND REFORM CHURCH. 



This denomination has its college and 
theological seminary at Grand Rapids, 
Mich., where their congregations are 
most numerous. They are also strong 
in Illinois and Wisconsin, numbering in 
all 93 ministers and 16,772 communi- 
cants. Few, if any, denominations are 
so successful in excluding from their 
church communion the members of se- 
cret societies. We wrote to one of their 
leading pastors. Rev. Henry Beets, of 
Sioux Center, Iowa, to inform us of their 
method of enforcing their discipline on 
this question. The following is his re- 
ply: 

"As early as 1826 our Presbytery of 
Hackensack, N. J., decided that Freema- 
sons must be excluded. Our synod of 
1873 declared anew and positively: 'No 
members of secret societies of whatever 
name are to be tolerated in our church.' 
Our synod of 1886 declared in regard to 
the Knights of Labor, 'that although 
many employes had reasons for just com- 
plaints, and synod would gladly side with 
the working men, yet it was compelled 
to declare that according to their convic- 
tion, no believer ought to be a Knight of 
Labor.' 

"In 1890 the synod raised a voice of 



protest against the Patrons of Industry, 
the Farmers' Alliance and labor unions, 
and this was repeated in 1892. In 1896 
it was decided that no Maccabees in the 
church were to be tolerated. And the 
synod of this year reiterated all former 
resolutions in regard to this hydra-head- 
ed monster of Secret Societies, ever re- 
appearing under new names, but of the 
same nature. A committee w^as also ap- 
pointed to prepare a full report for our 
next synod, stating the reasons why we 
oppose secret societies. As some one 
wrote recently in the Christian Instruct- 
or, 'the laxness in discipline of other 
psalm-singing churches at this point was 
the greatest barrier to our union with 
them.' 

"We earnestly endeavor to enforce our 
discipline on this subject, and our meth- 
od of procedure is, when a session learns 
that one of their church members has 
joined the lodge, they visit him and try 
to show him, if possible, from the pub- 
lished ritual of the order, that many of 
its features and teachings are contrary to 
the Word of God and the Standards of 
the Church. We beseech and admonish 
him to forsake the lodge and adhere to 
the church. If he refuses to leave the 
lodge, after much entreaty and long guf- 
tering labor, he is censured, and his name 
stricken from the church roll. Those once 
fairly caught in the meshes of the lodge 
usually go from bad to worse, commonly 
ending in a rupture with the church, and 
sometimes in an entire renunciation of 
orthodox Christianity. But only a small 
number of our young men ever go so far 
as to join a lodge. In country congrega- 
tions it hardly ever happens. God has 
blessed the efforts put forth by our 
church to keep our young men out of the 
lodge. Would that all churches were 
more zealous and faithful in their stand 
against societies. It is my honest con- 
viction that the existence of secret socie- 
ties in Christendom is a standing con- 
demnation of Christianity as practiced by 
the great majority of Christians." 



UNITED PRESBYTERIANS PROTEST. 



At the Young People's Convention of 
the United Presbyterian Church at Sara- 
toga Dr. W- J. Robinson, in an admir- 
able address thus defined the attitude of 
the denomination on the Secret Societv 



September, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN GYNOSUiRE. 



149 



question: "We protest against all asso- 
ciations, whether formed for political or 
benevolent purposes, which impose upon 
their members an oath of secrecy, or an 
obligation to obey a code of unknown 
laws, as inconsistent with the genius and 
spirit of Christianity, and declare church 
members ought not to have fellowship 
with them. We believe that such asso- 
ciations, with which society is filled to- 
day, are in their principles, practices and 
influence contrary to the teachings of 
God's Word and hurtful to the souls of 
men, in that they profane the sacred or- 
dinance of the oath, enslave the con- 
science, defraud men of their liberties, 
unite them in unholy alliances, impose 
obligations that may be sinful, assume 
and exercise religious functions which 
belong to the Church alone, observe 
Christless forms of worship, degrade 
some of the most sacred usages of our 
Christianity, are selfish and unscriptural 
in their pretended benevolence, usurp di- 
vine prerogatives in determining the 
bounds of brotherhood, af¥ect injuriously 
the domestic, civil and religious relations 
of life, and do not even promise any good 
end which is not fully provided for in 
the divine ordinances of family, the 
Church and the State. We therefore ut- 
ter our most emphatic testimony against 
all such oath-bound secret associations, 
writing over the door of entrance into our 
Church the divine injunction, "Have no 
fellowship with the unfruitful works of 
darkness, but rather reprove them;" be 
ye not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers; for what fellowship has right- 
eousness with unrighteousness? W^hat 
communion has light with darkness? and 
what concord has Christ with Belial? or 
what part hath he that believeth with an 
infidel? Wherefore come out from among 
them and be ye separate, saith the Lord, 
and touch no unclean thing; and I will 
receive you." 



MASONIC DISCREPANCIES. 



A Baptist pastor who has had an early 
experience in Freemasonry and re- 
nounced it, and who has been for years 
a devoted co-worker in the anti-secret 
cause, writes: 

"My great indebtedness to the author 



of ^lah-hah-bone was increased by his 
contribution to the August number. Part 
of that, however, was not unknown al- 
ready, for I was long ago familiar with 
the Master's Carpet. I hope that Mr. 
Ronayne will proceed from the point he 
has so w^ell taken, and make it clear to 
one less experienced in Masonry, why 
interpretations of the ritual are able to 
nullify the ritual, instead of destroying 
themselves. As quoted passages in the 
Master's Carpet are not so much inter- 
pretations of one or two in the Hand 
Book as repudiations. By every law of 
language, common sense and common 
honesty ihe ritual as given by the Hand 
Book settles the Bible upon the Masonic 
altar as the gift of God and guide of man. 
That book cannot be a rule of faith with- 
out being a revelation of Christ. 

"But much of what is quoted in the 
Master's Carpet is mere repudiation of 
this and no better than erasure of the rit- 
ual. How assertions concerning a book 
of the law and the independence of ]\Ia- 
sonry in religion, whether made in man- 
uals, text books or Grand Lodge deci- 
sions, can afifect the ritual itself is what 
needs to be shown. Unconstitutional 
law is no law. If the very essence and 
constitution of Masonry is in the ritual, 
then these various statements as to hav- 
ing nothing to do with the Bible are of 
no authority. A Christian ]\Iason can 
protest that it is not so nominated in the 
bond. 

"If Anderson's Constitutions overtop 
the framework of lodge ritual, or if an 
interpretation is itself a landmark instead 
of being some author's explanation, then 
the ritual is void. But a ritual even pait- 
ly void is farcical, and initiation under it 
it in a measure futile. If affiliation itself 
depends on an oath sworn on a 'gift of 
God,' which is a 'Guide of Faith,' then 
to interpret out again this fundamental 
interpretation is to interpret out the very 
vitals of the oath. 1 ake the ritual out 
of Masonry and what is left of Masonry? 
Take the meaning out of the ritual and 
what is left of the ritual? Take the sig- 
nificance out of plain English words and 
what is left of the interpretation of the 
ritual or of a ritual to be interpreted? A 
document nullified cannot be interpreted: 
a fact repudiated is out of the range of 
explanation; a ritual that means nothing 



150 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



can receive no explanation of its mean- 
ing. Nothing can explain nothing. 

"Christians who have sworn upon a 
'guide of faith' can meet the denial of 
that faith with Masonic protest. All the 
talk about 'sectarian prayer' and all that 
gathers about the phrase, 'a. book of the 
taw,' is un-^Iasonic. If not, then Ma- 
sonic initiation is un-Masonic. This is 
the conclusion that must be derived from 
the quotations of Mah-hah-bone. Might 
it not be in the power of lapsed aild de- 
mitted' Masons to join the better class of 
those still adhering, take possession of 
their rights in the lodge and kill Mason- 
ry by making its meetings too Christian? 
Now it is the better men and ministers 
who drop out, then it would be the liber- 
tines and infidels. The lodge is a house 
divided against itself, and if the Chris- 
tian claim were insisted on, it could not 
stand. The common Masonic member- 
ship would retire and the better class, 
wdio withdraw in great numbers, would 
not long maintain an institution to which 
they would be, as now, opposed or in- 
different." 



ELDER JOHN DORCAS. 



This faithful witness for Christ, and 
life-long friend of the anti-secret reform, 
entered into his rest June i, 1898. Rev. 
T. P. Robb, who was intimately asso- 
ciated with him in reform work for many 
years, thus writes of him: 

'T met Bro. John Dorcas twenty years 
ago and knew him as a reformer. He 
threw his whole soul into the cause of 
anti-secrecy. His presence in a conven- 
tion was an inspiration. He said little, 
but he heard everything. His counte- 
nance, lit up by its intelligent grasp of the 
truth, was an argument that even a foe 
could not answer. He was not frighten- 
ed by the smallness of a meeting. It was 
the truth that he advocated, and he stood 
on that side, no matter how few there 
might be with him. He took an active 
part in the cause of temperance when the 
prohibitory amendment passed; he show- 
ed his sterling worth in the bold fight 
which he and a few others made for the 
enforcement of the law in his country. 

"Bro. John Dorcas was a close student 
of the Bible, and he made the whole book 
a law for himself. He and I spent a night 



together at the close of the State conven- 
tion, held at Marengo. He told me then 
that he was arranging to spend a consid- 
erable portion of the following year trav- 
eling and visiting. It was his 'Sabbatical 
year,' and his land was all, or nearly all, 
in grass, and he had so arranged all his 
affairs that he could spend the year off 
the farm, and not only not suffer loss, 
but in the end be benefited. He be- 
lieved that the Jewish law of the Sabbat- 
ical year, a year of rest for the land, was 
a good law for the Christian; he also tes- 
tified to the advantage gained by it. This 
was two-fold; he found that six years of 
culture and a year of rest gave him bet- 
ter returns from his farms than seven 
years of culture gave t^ his neighbors. 
He found the greatest benefit in a mental 
and spiritual point of view. 

"The year of rest was given to reading, 
travel, meeting with friends, and especial- 
ly carrying out charitable designs. He 
was a man who commanded the respect 
of all who knew him." 

Elder John Dorcas died in the seventy- 
sixth year of his age near Tipton, Cedar 
County, Iowa, where his home had been 
since 1853. He was converted at the age 
of 10, at a United Brethren camp meet- 
ing near Hagerstown, Md. Late in life 
he accepted a license to preach the gos- 
pel, after passing a satisfactory exami- 
nation at the annual United Brethren 
conference held in Lisbon, Iowa, in Oc- 
tober, 1897, where he was ordained as 
elder and preached on the Lisbon circuit 
till his health failed. 

He married Sarah A. Barker, of Rich- 
land County, Ohio, in 1846, and to them 
were born thirteen children, nine of 
whom are living. His last sickness was 
of six months' duration. Much of that 
time he was an intense sufferer. Sabbath 
evening, just before his departure, he 
bade all good-by, and gave them God's 
blessing and short messages to all pres- 
ent and absent. He said the end was 
welcome and he longed to depart. His 
last moments were bright and peaceful. 
He was a thoroughgoing reformer and 
an intelligent Bible Christian. Especial- 
ly was he deeply interested in the work 
of the N. C. A., for which in his last testa- 
ment he left $500. For many years he 
was a generous contributor to the work. 
He helped to secure the N. C. A. build- 



iSaptemiber, 1898. 



CHUtSTIAN OYNOSUHE. 



151 



ing in Chicago, and also the Washing- 
ton (D. C.) building. He seldom missed 
an opportunity of attending an anti-se- 
cret convention, when at all within his 
reach. The cause will miss his prayers, 
contributions and self-denying labors. 
May the Lord comfort his bereaved wid- 
ow and fatherless children, and inspire 
others to fill the place he has left in our 
ranks. 



A CORRECTION. 



Rev. M. P. Thing, of Stacyville, Iowa, 
in his excellent paper read before the 
Alumni Association of the Chicago The- 
ological Seminary in May, was reported 
in our last issue as saying that "the exact 
amount which the secret societies ab- 
sorb yearly has been variously estimated 
at about $85,000,000. One society, 
claiming to be purely benevolent, shows 
receipts amounting to $3,000,000, and 
disbursements, after deducting expenses 
of administration, of $1,000,000. The 
Congregational Foreign Mission Board 
reports the cost of administration and dis- 
bursements at 7^ per cent., and could 
that board have received the same sum, 
the cost would have been $225,000. The 
secret society used $2,000,000, or thir- 
teen and a half times as much. Bro. 
Thing writes us to change this last state- 
ment; for what he meant to say was, 
''eight and eight-ninths times as much," 
This point against the lodges is a strong 
one, and should lead every true philan- 
thropist to cease using them as an agent 
for the disbursement of charity. 



3tahm Ie0lim0nie0> 

Rev. P. S. Henson, D. D., of the Park 
Avenue Baptist Church, Chicago: 
''When a young man, I took the first 
three degrees in Freemasonry. Wlien 
I got through the first degree it sickened 
me, and I told them I could stand no 
more. But they kept telling me I would 
find it better farther on. When I got 
through the third degree, I told them I 
could stomach no more, and I have never 
had anything to do with the lodge since. 
What I most object to is its claim of be- 
ing a religion, and yet excluding Jesus 
Christ." 



Rev. J. K. Glassford, for many years a 
highly esteemed minister in the United 
Brethren Church in Missouri, and now 
in the Free Methodist Church in Phoe- 
nix, Ariz.: "I was made a Mason in the 
town of Waverly, Iowa, though I was 
never one at heart. I read Morgan's Ex- 
position, and was told by Masons that it 
was false, but I was initiated precisely 
as Morgan described. I was practically 
stripped, was neither naked nor clad, and 
had a cable-tow around my neck, and a 
hoodwink over my eyes. I was led 
around and made to repeat, the ritual 
after the Worshipful Master, and the 
oaths, with the awful penalty of having 
my tongue torn out by its roots, and my 
body buried in the rough sands of the 
sea, at low water mark, where the tide 
ebbs and flows twice in 24 hours — 
so help me God, etc. I took four degrees, 
and began at once to expose and hold 
them up to ridicule. Very soon three 
Masons came to see me. I frankly told 
them they had lied to me and taken $40 
of my money, besides humbugging me, 
and now it was my turn to expose them. 
This I have been doing ever since, and 
will continue to do as long as Ishall live, 
God being my helper. What a set of liars 
Masons are, repeating their lies over and 
over. Freemasonry is the devil's church, 
having its mock death, conversion and 
resurrection. It is the devil's incubator 
to hatch out the children of devils. It is 
Satan's masterpiece, the mystery of in- 
iquity of which Paul speaks. 



H. Worthington Judd, one of the most 
reliable business men of Chicago, extens- 
ively engaged in the insurance, real es- 
tate and loan business at 6138 Wentworth 
avenue, is one of the most devoted Chris- 
tian workers in the city. He is a seceded 
32d degree Scottish Rite INIason. 
He writes: "Your favor of August 8th, 
together with the Paine Exposure of 
Oaths and Penalties of Freemasonry, is 
at hand. I have examined the book^and 
will say that the oaths and penalties for 
the first three degrees are verbatim as I 
received them. I was a Thirty-second de- 
gree Scottish Rite Mason, receiving the 
degrees with a class of perhaps fiftv or 
more in the Masonic Temple in three 
days and three nights, which did not give 
me much of a chance to memorize the 



152 



CHRISrriAiN CYNOSURE. 



Sep,tem(ber, 1898. 



obligations or penalties. I therefore 
could not sav if the latter are true or not." 



\\\ \'erner Herron, of Philadelphia, 
Pa., writes: "I have gone through the 
three degrees of Blue Lodge Masonry, 
and seven degrees of the Royal Arch 
chapter, but have not taken the Knights 
Templar degree. I found the system to 
be a gigantic fraud. Masons falsify when 
they obligate the candidate to keep se- 
cret from the outside world everything 
that has at that time been revealed, or at 
any future time may be revealed to him. 
I challenge Masons to quote or produce 
anything belonging to Blue Lodge or 
Capitular Masonry that has not been 
published by men wdio have renounced 
the false system. I renounced it after 
finding that everything I had gone 
through in receiving the several degrees 
was to be had in book form for 50 cents. 
The oaths of the Lodge and Chapter de- 
grees are correct, as published by all se- 
ceding Masons whom I have read, and 
I have no hesitation in declaring Free- 
masonry a lying swindle." 



Rev. J. R. Baird, of Indiana, Pa., now 
an honored minister in the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church, and for many years 
a pastor in the United Presbyterian 
Church, writes: 'T hope the good Lord 
will so direct as to keep the good work 
of The Cynosure moving on. Before I 
ever made any profession of religion, and 
while I was working at my trade, I was 
led to believe that it would help me great- 
ly in business to become a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. I took seven- 
teen degrees, but have most decidedly 
left the lodge forever. I found it a sys- 
tem of blasphemy and falsehood, infidel- 
ity and murder. • I have read the expo- 
sitions of Elder David Bernard and Ed- 
mund Ronayne and can testify that they 
give the ritual of Freemasonry substan- 
tially as I saw it worked in the lodge." 



Captain J. D. Taylor, an evangelist, 
now at the Chicago Bible Institution: 
'T have belonged to four of those man- 
made secret orders, which I now believe 
to have emanated from the devil. In 
1875 I came out of the Erie I. O. O. F. 
lodge, No. 28, in Cleveland, Ohio. I 
was one of the charter members of Black 



Eagle Lodge of the Junior Order of Uni- 
ted American Mechanics at Great Falls, 
Mont. I also belonged to the A. P. A. 
Lodge, No. II, wdiich w^as a regular po- 
litical' machine. I was also a member 
of the Good Templars' Lodge, which I 
regard as the boss hugging society. I 
can testify that all these societies go 
hand in hand with the saloon, the thea- 
ter, dance and card parties. They are 
the chief instruments in the devil's hands 
to lead young men and women away 
from the church and prayer meeting. I 
am sorry so many of our pastors belong 
to these pest houses and uphold them 
with their influence. I shall endeavor to 
treat more fully of these trap doors to 
hell in my little book entitled. The 
Devil Exposed,' which I am in hopes to 
have published soon." 



Chaplain Malcolm. McNeil, for many 
years superintendent of the Chicago Sail- 
ors' Mission, now at 121 Desplaines 
street, says: "I took three degrees in 
Freemasonry Nov. 2, 1868, in Shamrock 
and Thistle Lodge, No. 275, Glasgow, 
Scotland. I was present during many 
initiations. I have seen seven laid out 
in one night in the Third degree by the 
setting maul of Jubelum. I have been in 
Masonic lodges in Australia and Canada, 
and can testify that with very slight vari- 
ations. Masonry is the same the world 
over, and is virtually the same as in your 
published renunciations. The 'murder 
and treason and them only at my own op- 
tion' clause is everywhere, in the Third 
degree oath, and so is the clause limit- 
ing carnal, illicit intercourse, to females 
who are not relatives of Masons. When 
I gave my heart to Jesus in June, 1885, 
I had no further use for Masonry, and 
gave it up forever." 



§m @ue$ltott 3tmtt. 

If you do not sec what you want ask for it. 

Question — Does Freemasonry lead 
men into infidelity, and if so, why? 

J. L. D. 

Answer — It does if they go into Free- 
masonry, bex:ause it is itself infidel. It de- 
nies the Son of God and all who enter it 
knowingly or otherwise do the same. 



September, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOiSURE. 



15^ 



Question — What proportion of our 
government officers are secret lodge 
men? S. M. T. 

Answer — This can only be answered 
by a canvass at some particular time. In 
cases which we have examined from 50 
to 75 per cent, are Masons, and there are 
comparatively few who are not members 
of some secret order. 

Question — Roman Catholics assert 
that Freemasonry instigated the war 
with Spain. How far is this true? 

W. O. S. 

Answer — ^The war with Spain was di- 
vinely ordered. It was the uprising of 
the liberty-loving spirit of our people 
against the outrageous and tyrannical 
rule oif iSpain under the shadow of our 
flag. Doubtless Masons are on both 
sides in the issue. Both Masonry and 
Romanism lead to despotism. 



Question — Does Masonry have much 
to do with the revolutions in South 
American republics? W. B. 

Answer — Yes, the recent revolution in 
Brazil was largely the result of Masonic 
intrigue, and the history of Mexico is full 
of Masonic contention. 



Question — Has the anti-secret move- 
ment lost ground during the past dec- 
ade? What has Ibecome of the speakers 
who once lectured and exposed Ma- 



sonry.^ 



R. A. B. 

Answer — The work is much broader 
and deeper than ten years ago. There 
are ten times more who dare to speak and 
wTite aginst secret orders now than 
then. There are ten time more church:,^s 
ready to open their pulpits for a discus- 
sion on this question now than then. 
While our association has not as many 
lecturers in the field, yet more is being 
done through the churches. There are 
few synods, conferences or conventions 
in which the discussion ot this does not 
come up in some form. 



Question — Why do so many oi our 
good M. E. ministers go into Masonrv if 
it is as bad as you say it is? J. A. J. 

Answer — For the same reason that 
just as good ministers once prayed and 
preached and fought and died for Amer- 
ican slavery. For the reason, also, that 
many of these ministers pray and vote for 



a party that supports the saloon — that 
"sum of all villainies." Besides the num- 
ber of out and out Masons is small among 
M. E. ministers, and probably does not 
include one spiritually minded man. 



Question — Can Masonry have much 
to do with politics when we find Masons 
on both sides of everv political question? 

R. M. H. 

Answer — Yes; for the very essence of 
lodgism is to line Masons up on both 
sides, so that whichever wins the lodge 
will be in powder. It is so with machine 
politicians, who are, of course, Masons, 
too. They fight one another, but always 
combine against the outer world. 



Mtm of gut Porj 

The Lodge or the Church — Which? 
will be the Cynosure Symposium for Oc- 
tober. 



Sister Annie E. Hinsdale, ofWyanet, 
111., writes cheeringly of the prospects for 
the cause there, and hopes to send us 
financial aid soon. 



The Christian Standard of Cincinnati, 
in its issue of Aug. 2"/, has a fine portrait 
of Prof. Simpson Ely, wdth an exhaust- 
ive article on church creeds. 



Let all our writers rememjber that what 
we want for our October Cynosure is 
clear, strong, concise pointers and illus- 
trations on secret societies as enemies of 
Christianity. 



The August number of the Associate 
Presbyterian magazine has two good ar- 
ticles entitled "The Religion of Mason- 
rv" and "Slaverv of Secret Labor L^n- 



lons. 



Secretary Phillips sent a supply of N. 
C. A. literature to the Norwegian Luther- 
an Conference, which met recently at 
Red Wing, Alinn. It was distributed to 
the best advantage by that vigilant friend 
of our cause. Rev. O. T. Lee. 



At a meeting of the Ministerial L^nion 
of Mediapolis and Morning Sun, Iowa, 
recently. Rev. C. D. Trumbull gave a 
talk on the subject, "Why I am opposed 



154 



CHKISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



to secret societies." He showed that they 
were unnecessary, anti-scriptural, op- 
posed to the Christian rehgion, and the 
example of Christ, and that their obliga- 
tions were sinful and barbarous. 



Bro. ^^"m. H. Summers, of North Lib- 
erty, Ind., writes requesting the publica- 
tion in The Cynosure of the excellent ad- 
dress delivered by President Blanchard 
June I before the German Baptist Breth- 
ren Conference at Burlington Park, 111. 

President Blanchard gave several lec- 
tures in Minnesota at Huntley and other 
points recently. He also preached in the 
Ravenswood U. P. Church, Chicago, on 
a recent Sabbath, awakening a deep in- 
terest in the lodge question. 

Secretary Phillips has recently pub- 
lished two tracts of i,ooo copies each, 
one entitled "Inalienable and Constitu- 
tional Rights Against Secret Societies," 
the other "Bible Lessons on Secrecy and 
Secret Societies," both by an Iowa lay- 
man. 

Rev. John Thompson, pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church at Mount Bethel, 
near Doylestown, Northampton County, 
Pa., has stirred up the members of the 
secret societies. Sabbath night, after his 
sermon, he said he learned that another 
society was to be organized in the place, 
and that the people should rise up and 
drive the organizers out. The new so- 
ciety to which he referred was the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, of which a 
Council of IOC members will shortly be 
instituted. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard, assisted by Rev. 
W. B. Stoddard, spent several weeks in 
August working up a Christian Reform 
Conference to discuss Secret Societies. 
The conference met Aug. 29 and 30 in 
the Y. M. C. A. hall, Montpelier, Vt., 
and held five sessions. There was an 
open parliament in which opportunity 
was given to speak for ' or against the 
lodge. The report of the conference has 
not reached us in time for this issue. 



Secretary W. I. Phillips recently sent 
$40 worth of anti-secret books and tracts 
to Bro. Vivian Gladwin, missionary at 
Bombay, India. He also sent the same 



day $5 worth of anti-secret Hterature to 
Rev. R. J. Dodds, Reformed Presby- 
terian missionary at Mersine, Asia Minor. 



Bro. J. F. Beauchamp, of Denver, 
Grant County, Mo., has stirred up quite 
an interest in the anti-secret question by 
protesting, through the county paper, 
against the Masons laying the corner 
stone of the new courthouse at Grant 
City. He has sent to this office for a sup- 
ply of anti-secret literature, and is deter- 
mined to make his testimony heard. Let 
his example be followed by friends of the 
cause everywhere. 



The pulpits of Rev. H. E. Loehlin at 
North Hyde Park and Eden, Vt., were 
filled on Sabbath, Aug. 7, by Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard. The latter afterward preached 
several times at a camp meeting near 
East Montpelier, which resulted in at 
least two promising to leave the lodge, 
one taking off an Oddfellow's pin. He 
preached Sabbath, Aug. 21, in the Evan- 
gelical Church, Berlin, Vt. 



The Keene (N. H.) Evening Sentinel 
says in a recent issue: ''Mrs. PI. E. Pow- 
ers, of 4he Beacon Light Mission, of 
Philadelphia, spoke at the vestry of the 
Baptist Church Monday evening on the 
subject 'Secrecy and Citizenship.' A 
goodly number were present to hear her 
and she was listened to with a good deal 
of interest as she spoke of the dangers 
arising from secrecy. Mrs. Powers was 
formerly a member of the Baptist 
church.'' 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard writes from 
Barre, Vt. : "We are making quite an 
impression here by putting a large trunk 
full of literature into the hands of the 
people. A man who has been tyler of 
the Masonic lodge for thirty years tells 
me that all the lodges have been warned 
to look out for us. He says we will hear 
from them before we leave, for they are 
looking up our record. Mad is a mild 
term for the feeling of some of the craft. 
They rave and swxar." 



Rev. W. T. Ellis, of Portland, Oregon, 
writes: 'Tn Erie, Pa., the Liberal Uni- 
ted Brethren got the church and prop- 
erty; next they got a secret society pas- 
tor; then nearly all the male members 



SeptetnKber, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



155 



joined some of the lodges; this was nec- 
essary, ycm know, to build up a church in 
the city. They secured a large subscrip- 
tion and built a fine church and were 
going grandly *in the swim,' when, alas, 
their lodge minister got drunk and had to 
resign. Their lodge members preferred 
the lodge to the prayer meeting, and now 
what was once a live gospel church has 
broken up and scattered. When will 
Christian people learn that to fellowship 
with these ungodly secret orders, and, at 
the same time claim true loyalty to 
Christ, is about as absurd as if a soldier 
of the United States, in order to keep in 
good health and defend his flag would 
throw away 'his gun, and craiwl into a 
Spanish yellow-jack pest house." 



The following item from an Iowa pa- 
per is an illustration, not of the evolution 
* of man from a monkey, but of how men, 
under secret society influence, w411 dev- 
ilute into creatures far below donkeys, 
goats and burros: 

"To-morrow at 1:15 a special car will 
take the D. O. K. K.'s of Mason City 
and vicinity to Ackley, where they will 
initiate a class of twenty-five in the even- 
ing, followed by a banquet and general 
good time. They will take with them a 
trick donkey from Clear Lake, a buck- 
ing goat from Sheffield, and a burro from 
Eldora, and with the help of these they 
will endeavor to conduct a first-class in- 
itiation.^' 



Rev. Levs^s Johnston, the founder of 
Richard Allen Institute, Pine Blufif, Ark., 
is a valued friend of our cause. The Pine 
Blufif Enterprise recently published the 
pictures of himself, wife, father and moth- 
er, and says that he is now employed 
by the General Temperance Association, 
and has visited the synods of Wisconsin, 
Minnesota, Illinois, Missouri and Arkan- 
sas. He is a pleasant and forceful speak- 
er, and, as one puts it, he brought down 
the General Association in 1895, when 
the call was, "Time is up." But the 
whole house thundered, "Go on! -Go 
on! Don't stop!" 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard, accompanied by 
his wife, went to Enosburg Falls, Vt., 
Thursday, Aug. 25, to work a few days 
at a camp meeting. He and his son, 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard, have done very 



efificient work in arranging for the Mont- 
pelier conference. The latter writes: 
"The greatest trial is the indifference of 
many not connected with the lodge. They 
see the evil of secret societies, but they 
do not wish to oppose their neighbors, 
and so they lull themselves to sleep, 
leaving the few to do the work of refor- 
mation. If men would only take a firm 
stand on one side or the other, the battle 
could be joined and the truth vindi- 
cated." 



Bro. B. Tunniclifif, of Schuyler Lake, 
N. Y., has the thanks of the N. C. A. for 
a well-bound copy of Dr. John Robison's 
"Masonry a Conspiracy Against All Re- 
ligions and Government." This valuable 
book, which has long bee-i out of print, 
and is now very difificult to obtain, has on 
the title page the name of Sir William 
Forbes, a contemporary and neighbor of 
the author. A place in his library is a 
guaranty of the respectability of the work 
and writer. Scott, in Chambers' Cyclo- 
pedia, vouches for his character in Mar- 
mion, when he says — 

* >K * "lamented Forbes, 
Far may we search before we find 
A heart so manlv and so kind." 



H. M. Hugunin writes: "The best 
evidence that the lodge is not in har- 
mony with Christianity is the eagerness 
with which truly converted sinners for- 
sake the secret orders as soon as the 
light of the Holy Spirit falls upon them. 
It is almost a universal experience, and 
the sincerity of a professed Christian's 
conversion may well be doubted if he 
can find it in his heart to praise the lodge, 
as many do, as "the handmaid of re- 
ligion." The difiference between such a 
religion and Christianity is that one de- 
fends the secret societies and the other 
cannot. This difiference is the keynote to 
a man's spiritual condition. A church 
may tolerate secrecy in the lodge room; 
a church member may find the church a 
pleasant resort; but it is safe to say that 
no true Christian can fellowship with 
such a church or the lodges at which it 
winks." 

We congratulate Sister H. E. Powers 
on the excellent meetings she is holding 
in New Hampshire. A West Swanzey, 
N. H., paper says of her meeting there: 



15G 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Sepiteimtber, 1898. 



"The lecture room of the Methodist 
church was tilled to overflowing on Mon- 
day evening with a respectful and appre- 
ciative audience to listen to Mrs. Powers' 
lecture upon 'Secret Societies.' Her talk 
was well received. A goodly portion of 
the audience were members of secret or- 
ders. She will speak in the Methodist 
church in Westport Wednesday evening 
on the same subject." She writes that 
she had a good meeting at Westport, and 
the audience voted to have her speak the 
next evening. This town was once the 
home of Sister Powers, 



Rev. P. B. Williams, of Salem, Ore., 
writes: "At the recent annual conference 
of the United Brethren Church, the lodge 
was denounced in very plain terms. The 
gospel of reform had no uncertain sound. 
A resolution was adopted by the confer- 
ence regretting the oversight of the pub- 
lishing committee in failing to insert in 
our discipline 'Finney on Masonry' as a 
book required in our course of reading, 
which book w^as adopted by the last Gen- 
eral Conference. One of the severest re- 
bukes I ever heard the lodge men get 
came from Dr. Munhall, the world-re- 
nowned evangelist in the First Presby- 
terian Church of Portland a few weeks 
since. Among other things he said: 

" 'There are professed Christians in 
our cities who will spend four or five 
nights of each week at the lodges, when 
you could not induce them to spend one 
night in the week at a prayer meeting. 
If you want to spend any time praying 
for such men you are welcome to do so, 
brethren. But I confess that I have not 
faith enough in God to spend any timxC 
praying for such people.' 

"A prominent county official abscond- 
ed from our city recently — short, to be 
sure! The K. of P.'s announced that if 
he will return they will make up his 
'shortage.' Say ye that the institution is 
not a beautiful and useful one. This 
must be what they mean when they say, 
'It would be a great advantage to you 
to be identified with our order.' An hon- 
est man would not, and could not, desire 
any such advantage over his fellow men. 
Secret societies menace honesty. They 
assist fraud." 



lier, said to me the other day that he 
could not account for the actions of some 
men in the lodges. He had heard the 
present Mayor of that city some years 
since denounce the Oddfellows. He 
spoke of their initiation as ridiculous, be- 
neath the dignity of any man. Of late 
years he has resumed his position in the 
lodge, taken other degrees, and joined 
other lodges. Mr. Hubbard did not 
know what explanation the Mayor could 
make for such conduct. 

"I suggested that he would probably 
not wish to explain, any more than Bish- 
op Weaver of the Liberal U. B. Church 
would wish to explain why he formerly 
wrote and spoke against the lodges and 
now favors them. There has been more 
than one Esau selling his birthright for 
a mess of pottage. Those who are bright 
and judge the salaries and offices to be 
given by men of more value than the di- 
vine treasure, employ any means avail- 
able to secure what they seek. I never 
worked a more difficult field than Barre, 
which has perhaps 3,000 inhabitants, 240 
Masons and other lodges too numerous 
to mention. Most of the ministers are 
Masons. The Universalists have a wom- 
an for a pastor. She is not a Mason, be- 
cause she cannot be. She told me she 
joined the P. E. O. Society in Illinois. I 
asked what the initials stood for. She 
laughingly replied: 'That's the secret.' 
I believe there are a 'few godly persons 
here. They are about as lonesome as 
Lot in Sodom. The Clan Gordon, K. of 
P., etc., have notices nearly every day 
of their picnics, with dancing, etc. I sup- 
pose the P. E. O.'s go to dance with them 
and discover their secrets." 



A noted statistician has figured out the 
expense of Solomon's Temple. It is $52,- 
1 17,034,867.46. How much time and pa- 
tience it must have required to determine 
correctly the 46 cents. 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard writes: "Mr. 
Hubbard, a wealthy citizen of Montpe- 



Take a cruise to Picturesque Mackinac 
Island, 900 miles of lake ride, and it only 
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including meals and berth. New Steel 
Steamers. Send 2 cents for illustrated 
pamphlet. Address A. A. Schantz, G. P. 
A., D. & C, The Coast Line, Detroit, 
Mich. 



Sepitember, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



151 



The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Enterbd at the Postofflce, Chicago, 111., as &econd class 
matter. 



The- 



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(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept.), Prof. 
PL F. Kletzing (Evangl), P. W. Raidabaugh 
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Rev. M- A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
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158 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSTJRE. 



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COLLEGE SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Their custom, character, and efforts for their 
suppression. By H. L. Kellogg. Containing 
the opinion of many college presidents, and 
others, and a full acount of the murder of Mor- 
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Se.ptamiber, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



159 



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160 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1898. 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, 221 West Madison St., CHICAGO, ILL 



Standard Works 

-ON— 

Secret Societies 

FOK SALE BY THE 

KliTIOIIIIL CHQISTIBN flSSOGIBTION. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, 111. 

Terms:— Cash with order, or if sent by express 
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sent to pay for registering them^ when icheir sate 
delivery is guaranteed„ Books at retail ordered 
by express, are sold at lo per cent discoiiEt amd 
Selsvery guaranteed, but not express pmd, Fs®'^° 
Bge stamps takem im small snm§^ 

ON FREEMASONRY. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. First 

three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 

Thr accuracy of these expositions attested by 
affidavits of Jacob U. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 
■Ucstrated. 

Knight Tentplarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated rif al of the six degrees ol 
&e Council and Commandery. 

Hand=Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the cornplete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Scotch Rite flasonry^niust rated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir:; 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
grc^s are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. 1 comprises the degrees from 
3id to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
hvciusive, with the signs, erips. tokens nnd pass- 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Ecce Orlenti. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of t^e First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 
Candidate. 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Giving the degrees of Mark Master, Fast Mastct, 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Ritual of tlie Commandery 
Masonic Degrees, Knights of tlie Red Cioss, 
Knight Templar and Knight of Malta, nth to i:,th 
^i-^rees- 



Allyn's Ritual of Freemascmry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, $5.00. 

Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge. Chapter Council and Commandery, 11 of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Kc' to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orange Societies'. 

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ntual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'Ung the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as "Freemasonry' ilustrated." 

Richardson's Moni^or of Freema- 
sonry'. Cloth, $i.2s,; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampmenu, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only vfv incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it Tives but a description 
and general idea of the degrees rather than the 
full ritual. 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notv/ithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry IlVjf • 

trated or the Handbook of Free^asoaiy at a 

quarter the price. 

Council of the Orie?!!. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 
The Complete Stand-^.'d Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in Cypner, 8th to loth inclusive, 
'Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
'.ei and Super Excellent Master. 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 

vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 

paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys^ 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty- 
wo degree Masons. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason, 
By Rev. Robert Armstrong, 16 pap^eb» 
5c 

Freemasonry Contrary to the 
Christian Religion. By " Spectators" 
Atlanta, Ga. 16 pages 5c. 

Hon. Thurlow Weed on the Mor= 
gan Abduction. 16 pages 5c. 

This is the legally attested statement of this 
eminent Christian journalist and statesman con- 
cerning the unlawful seizure and continement of 
Capt. Morgan in Canandaigua jail, his removal to 
Fort Niagara and subsequent drowning in Lake 
Ontario. 

Freemasonry a Fourfold Con= 
spiracy. 16 pages, 5c. 

Address of Pres. J. Blanchard. This is a most 
convincing argument against the lodge, 

Mah=Iiah=Bone; 589 pages; ^i.oo 

Comprises the Hand Book, Master's Carpet and 
Freemasonry at a glance. 

ON ODD-FELLOWSHIP. 

Odd=-felIowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
per cover, 25c. 

This is an exceedingly interesting, cJea^ discus- 
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of a dialogue. 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, 221 West Madison St.. CHtCAQO, ILL 



Revised Odd-fellowship Ilfastra- 
ted. Cloth, $[.oo: paper cover, 5octs. 

The complete rerised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
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acter of the order, over one hundred foot-note 
quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree bv ex-President J. Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the ** Charge 
Books" furnished by the Sovereign Grand Lodee. 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church. IOC. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and, the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
.gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 

OTHER RITUALS. 

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cret work added and fully Illustrated. 

Knights of the Orient Illustrated. 

15c each. 

The full Illustrated Ritua a , Ancient Order ot 
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Good Templarism Illustrated. 25c. 

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Exposition of thfi Grange. 25c. 

Edited by Rev. A. W. Geeslin. Illustrated with 
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Ritual of th« Grand Army of the 
Republic loc. each. 

The authorized ritual of 1868, with signs of re- 
cognition, pass-words, etc., and ritual of Machin- 
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gether.) 

Knights of Labor Illustrated. 25c. 

("Adelphon Kruptos.") The com^ !ete illus- 
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Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

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Red rien Illustrated. In cloth 50c. 

each, $2.00 per dozen postpaid. 

The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Im- 
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The Foresters Illustrated. Paper. 

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Uniteu Sons of Industry Illustra- 
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Rituals and Secrets Illustrated. 

$1.00, each. 

Composed of "Temple of Honor Illustrated, 
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Industry L'-'strated," and "Secret Societies Illus- 
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MISCELLAlfEOUS. 

History Nat*l Christian Associ- 
ation. IOC. each. 

Its origin, objects, what it has done and aims to 
do, and the best means to accomplish the end 
sought, the Articles of Constitution and By-law: 
of tne Association. 

Secret Societies. Cloth 35c, pape* 
15c. 

A discussion of their character and claims by 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

The Master's Carpet or flasonry 
and Baal Worship Identical. Bound 

in fine cloth. 400 pages. 75c. 
Explains the true source and meaning of every 
ceremony and symbol of the lodge. 

Disloyal Secret Oaths. 5c. 

By Joseph Cook, Boston. He quotes the law of 
Vermont which makes the administration of the 
Masonic oaths illegal. Joseph Cook's address is a 
national treatment of a national subject, and very 
valuable for reference. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 

D. Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c* 

Finney on flasonry. Cloth 75c., 

paper 35c. 

The character, claims and practical workings of 
Freemasonry. By ex-Pres. Charles G. Finney, of 
Oberlin College. President Finney was a '* bright 
Mason," but left the lodge when he became a 
Christian. This book has opened the eyes cf 
multitudes. 

flasonic Oaths Null and Void: or 
Freemasony Self-Convicted. 207 

pages. Postpaid, 40c. 

This is a book for the times. The design of the 
author is to refute the arguments of those who 
claim that the oaths of Freemasonry are binding 
upon those who take them. 

Judge Whitney's Defence before 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 15c. 

Judge Daniel H. Whitney was Master of the 
lodge when S. H. Keith, a member of his lodge, 
murdered Ellen Slade. Judge Whitney, by at- 
tempting to bring Keith to justice, brought on 
himself the vengeance of the lodge, but he boldly 
replied to the charges against him, and afterwards 
renounced Mason»'v. 

General Washington Opposed to 
Secret Societies. loc. 

This is a re-publication of Governor Joseph Rit- 
ner's " Vindication of General Washington from 
the Stigma of Adherence to Secret Societies," 
communicated to the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania, March 8, 1837, at their special re- 
quest. To this is added the fact that three high 
Masons were the only perso iS who opposed a vote 
of thanks to Washington on hi.s retirement to pri- 
vate life- undoubtedly because they considered him 
a seceding Freemason. 

riorgan's Exp<isition, Abduction 
and riurder and Oaths of 33 degrees. 

304 pages, cloth, $1.00, 

*' Composed of Freemasonry Exposed," by Capt. 
Wm. Morgan; '"History of the Abduction and 
Murder of Morgan;" "Valance's Confession of 
the Murder of Capt. Wm. Morgan;" "Bernard's. 
Reminiscences of Morgan Times," and "Oaths 
and Penalties of 33 Degrees." 

Oaths and Penalties of Freemason- 
ry, as proved in court in New Berlin 
tiials. loc. 

The New Berlin trials began in the attempt ot 
Freemasons to prevent public initiation by se'^ed 
ing Masons. These trials were held at N«w Berlin. 
Chenango Co., N. Y., April n and 14, 1831. an,-° 
General Augustus C. Welsh, snerif? of the countv, 
and other adhering Freemasons swore to the trritb 
ful revelation of the oaths and peiult^. 



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^t J^ f^ ^* ^■' t^ tSr' t^ t^* (W* • , «^ C^*" t^ *^ Jr' . tS^ - e5* «5"' 

WHEATON COLLEGE 

Wheaton, Illinois. 




CLASSICAL, SQENTIFIQ AND LITERARY COURSES 

PREPARATORY SCHOOL— Fits for any College 

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CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

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CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, Pres. 



J^ t^ J^ t^ t^ Jf* t^ *^ *!r* 



t^ «5* «^ *S^ V>^ •^ **^ *^ 




REV. JAMES BROWN, D. D. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»o*«w»»»»»»»»» 



CONTENTS. 



Notes from General Secretary .1(>3 

Testimony from Secret Society Men 165 

Our Symposium— Tlie Lodge a Foe of 

Christianity 166 

Masonry Rejects the Bible and Its Au- 
thor 169 

The Church or the Lodge 171 

Christ or Anti-Christ 172 

What Christianity Requires of Lodge 

Members 173 

An Enemy of Christ's Church 174 

Oddfellows Baptize Children. 175 

Are Oddfellows Misrepresented? .175 

The Facts in the Case. 176 

Baptized Into Oddfellowship 176 

Death of Rev. E. B. Graham 182 



Seceders' Testimonies 182 

Voices from the Lodge ♦ 183 

Our Question Drawer. 184 

News of Our Work .184 

From Our Mail 187 

New Publications 188 

The War in Brief. .188 

Not a New and Unique Thing .177 

Masonic Baptism 177 

Bad Brothers 178 

What Christianity Requires of Its Minis- 
ters ..178 

Masonic Corner Stone Laying 179 

Allegheny Ministers' Protest 179 

Is Masonry an Enemy of Christianity?. . .180 
The Lodge in Politics 181 



NATIONfiL CHRISTIAN R880CIAII0N. 



"The National Ohristian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Ooxir 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical, 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which' property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicago. . 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mour 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Ohristian Cynosure — Rev. M. A. 
Gault, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, B. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock,- C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Wmpple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. P. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dlniua 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, 8t Paul, Minm; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. G. 





"Jesns answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret bafe I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, OCTOBER, 1898. 



NUMBER 6. 



PUI'.LISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

> 

TERnS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICE. —Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.-Wr find that a large number 
of oiir subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tnil to remit before expiration. It is thereiore 
assumed, unle'-s notification to disconimue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time curing the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.-Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian CvNosukK to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, it we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, i<iid to send no bill lor 
the ensuing year. 



The Ohio State convention at Dayton 
Oct. 24 and 25. 



The Lodge an Enemy of MoraHty w 
be the subject of our next symposium. 



The friends of the cause in Ohio will 
meet in annual convention Oct. 24 and 
25 in the German Baptist Brethren 
Church. Let all who propose attending 
write at once to Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 
Box 902, Dayton, Ohio. 



Friends of The Cynosure everywhere 
would greatly advance the cause if they 
lend the magazine to professing Chris- 
tians whom they know to be Masons or 
Oddfellows. Edmund Ronayne says: 
*'This duty should never be neglected. 
Whenever I write an article for The Cy- 
nosure, I do so with the hope that I am 
writing for strangers, and not merely for 
those already converted or convinced." 



At the late State convention of the 
Knights of Maccabees in Utica, N. Y.^ 
200 delegates were reported. It was. 
stated that the order has a membership of 
304,000, making it the second largest se- 
cret society in the world. 



The Cincinnati Enquirer announced 
that 6,000 Knights Templar were enlist- 
ed as soldiers in the National Guard and 
regular army, and on that account, if the 
war had continued, the social festivities 
of the Pittsburg conclave would have 
been declared off. 



The Grand Master of Masons in Vir- 
ginia, R. T. Duke, is out with a letter in 
the Washington Post, saying it would 
give him great pleasure to make Gen- 
eral Lee a Mason "at sight," if he de- 
sired, and that he would have the matter 
acted on immediately by a Richmond 
lodge, and he himself would confer all 
the degrees at one time when requested 
to do so. 



Some Pittsburg statistician has fig- 
ured it out that the grand parade of the 
Knights Templar on Tuesday, October 
II, will represent a total outlay of $10,- 
000,000. This includes uniforms, ban- 
ners, swords, horses and all other equip- 
ments. There will be 50,000 persons 
employed in preparing the city for the 
conclave, ^^'e know of no city having 
as many anti-Masonic churches as Pitts- 
burg, and yet it is to be the great ren- 
dezvous of the lodge in O'ctober. Surely 
it is time that the testimony of the 
churches be supplemented 1)y that of a 
special aggressive organization to re- 
sist the encroachments of this evil. 



1G2 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



Before this Cynosure reaches our read- 
ers. Rev. W. B. Stoddard wih be at work 
in Ohio arranging for a State conven- 
tion, to meet Oct. 24, 25 in the German 
Baptist Brethren Church, Dayton, Ohio. 
The church is large and commodious, 
and the hospitahty of the Dayton friends 
is generous. Brother Stoddard desires 
to hear from aU the friends in the State 
expecting to attend, and from all who can 
arrange meetings for him. Let them ad- 
dress him at Davton, Ohio, in care of 
Elder W. I. T. Hoover, P. O. Box 902. 



Such items as this are frequently go- 
ing the rounds of our Masonic ex- 
changes: "Ex-Grand Master of Masons 
of Kansas, James H. McCall of Wichita, 
has the apron George Washington used 
to wear at Masonic Lodge meetings. La- 
favette also wore it at one time." 



At the annual meeting of an associa- 
tion of churches in New England a well- 
known clergyman said that a church of 
which he was once pastor had a deacon 
whose words seemed to show zeal for the 
maintenance of good causes. We must 
support the gospel; we must support for- 
eign missions, and so on. But it came to 
light that his own pew rent had run be- 
hind a whole year. On inquiry it proved 
that he belonged to so many organiza- 
tions that the dues absorbed his resources 
and he could not contribute to his church 
as he agreed. His words were for the 
church, his deeds for the world. 



It should be noted that the assassin of 
the late Empress of Austria and Karditza, 
who attempted the life of the King of 
Greece last spring, were members of a 
club whose agents are usually chosen by 
lot. Few such crimes are not the inspira- 
tion of dark secret combinations. The 
London Pall Mall Gazette says: ''The 
Empress has not died in vain if her mur- 
der becomes the means of awakening the 
civilized government to the necessity of 
more adequate precautions against the 
clan to which the murderer belongs. An- 
archism is international and if it is to be 
conquered, it must be met by interna- 
tional organization to suppress it." 



The Order of Eastern Star now num- 
bers in the United States about 125,- 
'Ooo members. 



Peter Schemm, of Phi'ladeiphia, a pop- 
ular brewer, millionaire, father of a 
large family, bank director, state repre- 
sentative. Odd Fellow, Red IMan and 
Grand Master in Freemasonry, leaped 
into the rapids August 29 above the Ni- 
agara Falls, from the bridge leading to 
Goat Island, in sig"ht of hundreds of peo- 
ple. His body whirled on its way to de- 
struction, passed over the Falls and may 
never be recovered. 



Rev. Sam Small says: 'Tn the Grand 
Order of Drunkards there are degrees, 
just as in other fraternal organizations. 
In this one there are four — the sheep de- 
gree, the monkey degree, the lion de- 
gree and the hog degree. In the sheep 
degree you get the wool pulled over your 
eyes. Next comes the monkey stage. 
Maybe some of you can remember when 
you were taking the monkey degree. At 
that stage a fellow can tell more funny 
stories and sing more funny songs than 
anybody else in the crowd. At the next 
stage, the lion degree, he wants to fight. 
He is ready to fight anybody and every- 
body. And the last degree in the grand 
order, is the hog degree. That is where 
the member wallows in the gutter." 



The Cynosure had a call lately from 
Missionary D. B. Blachly, who has for 
eight years been laboring as Bible col- 
porteur at Mexico City, in Mexico. He 
has distributed upward of 10,000 Bibles, 
and reports that Roman Catholics are 
his bitter enemies in this work. They 
burn the Bible, chop it up on meat 
blocks, and tear it in pieces wherever 
they have the opportunity. He says he 
has yet to see a single instance of where 
Catholicism has elevated men morally, 
intellectually or spiritually. He had once 
written some testimony of this kind in 
The Cynosure which found its way into 
the hands of American residents in Mex- 
ico, who told him that if it had been pub- 
lished in Spanish, so that Mexican Cath- 
olics could read it, they would drive him 
out of the Republic. He says Masonry is 
powerful in Mexico and is largely con- 
fined to the aristocracy. Its influence is 
anti-Christian, yet because of its hostility 
to Catholicism it operates as a check to 
religious intolerance. 



October. 1S9S. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



10.3 



We wish to embalm the memory of a 
great and good man by giving in this 
number the picture of the late Rev. Dr. 

James BroAvn. who at the time of his 
death in March. 1897. was, with one ex- 
ception, the oldest minister in the United 
Presbyterian Church. He died in Hol- 
ton, Kan., near the middle of his 85th 
year. He came to this country from 
Scotland, when a boy, graduated at Han- 
over College, Ind.: studied theology at 
Cannonsburgh, and was during the civil 
war and for nineteen years pastor of a 
large congregation in Keokuk, Iowa. 
He took an active part in the anti-slavery 
reform and afterwards in the National 
Reform and Anti-secret agitations. He 
was a devoted friend of The Christian 
Cynosure, and of the cause it represents. 



NOTES FROM GENERAL SECRETARY. 



At a recent Sabbath school convention 
in a well-known Xew England citv, the 
secretary was a Sabbath school teacher 
who wears in the house of the Lord, and 
v\-hile professing to teach his Holy Word, 
the Cross of ]\Ialta, which is a confession 
of having taken the "fifth libation." 
Drinking wine from a human skull, he 
has put himself under the penalty of judg- 
ment on his soul for his own sins and for 
tliose of the man whose skull this once 
was. Pity the children when Bible 
schools have teachers, and Bible school 
conventions secretaries to whom such 
things are possible. 



A well-known speaker in a Baptist as- 
sociational meeting lately held reported 
that a lady in a village where he resided 
made otit a list of thirty organizations 
otitside the churches of the town. Sta- 
tistics show that his own church has less 
than one and a c[uarter hundred of resi- 
dent male members. Let us concede a 
possible five hundred of resident male 
members in evangelical churches of the 
place. Then let us reduce the organiza- 
tions by one-third to estimate the num- 
ber of lodges into which such men might 
be drawn. Twenty lodges to live hun- 
dred men is larger than the church provi"- 
sion, and likely enough some of the non- 
churchgoing "brothers" hold it a better 
one. 



TRACT PROPOSITION— INTER-DENOMINATION- 
AL CONVENTION — HON. J. J, BRL'CE AND MA- 
SONRY — PACIFIC COAST WORK — LIFE MEM- 
BERS. 



California 2\Lasons number iS,8oS, in 
267 lodges. Six new lodges and 6oo 
members were added last vear. 



September has been an exceedingly 
busy month, requiring some 2,000 miles 
of travel. I have been impressed with 
the multitude of towns in every county 
that have never had any of our literature 
distributed among the people; indeed I 
know of only one county where an ef- 
fort has been made to put literature in 
every house in each village in the coun- 
ty, and yet boys can go two by two and 
do this work very nicely. 

I make the following proposition to the 
readers of The Cynosure for the months 
of October and November : To any one 
sending me one dollar I will send one 
hundred of that remarkable booklet by 
Thuriow Weed, the well-known states- 
man, on the abduction of William ]\Ior- 
gan. and will enclose in each one either 
a full catalogue of books or some other 
important matter. For two dollars I will 
send as many as desired up to five hun- 
dred: or for five dollars I will send one 
thousand. And furthermore, as soon as 
the party who has guaranteed to see that 
they are distributed advises me that the 
work has been judiciously done by a 
house to house canvass, I will return the 
full amount of the money which has been 
deposited with me. In this way any one 
can do valuable missionary work with- 
out the expendittire of any money. Shall 
we not reach a hundred thousand homes 
in this way by Dec. i ? Let me hear from 
you. 

Above 20.000 pages were distribtued 
last month from this of^ce. This does 
not include those that were paid for, but 
only that which was given away by the 
association. 

The officers of several different States 
have the matter of their annual conven- 
tion under consideration. Ohio answers 
to the call this month at Dayton on the 
24th and 25th: A'ermont's reply was 
heard last month and is reported in this 
number of The Cynosure. The lodge 
power was so vindictive in Barre, A t., 
that after the posters for the convention 
were ready for the printer it was found 



164 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



impossible to get them printed, each of- 
fice refusing on the ground that they did 
not desire to provoke lodge enmity, and 
the work had to be completed in Mont- 
pelier. Rev. W. B. Stoddard is expected 
to labor in New York during November, 
and to give ten days to canvassing for 
The Cynosure in the neighborhood of 
Schuyler's Lake, to be followed by a con- 
vention in same part of the State. 

The Board of Directors have under 
consideration the calling of an inter-de- 
nominational convention of churches op- 
posed to secret societies. I shall be glad 
to hear from our readers any suggestions 
on such a conference. 

The triennial convention of Congrega- 
tional churches of the United States lately 
held in Portland, Ore., discussed this re- 
form, and the Mennonite conference now 
in session in this State, with its 1,500 del- 
egates, discusses according to program 
Secret Societies: i. Their Detriment to 
the Church. 2. How Can a Church Pu- 
rify Itself and Keep Clean from Them? 
These are some of the good signs of the 
times. 

Our Missionary Agent, Rev. S. F. Por- 
ter, has been with me in the office a few 
days while we have prepared for his win- 
ter's work. He plans to visit the camps 
of the United States soldiers in the South, 
and later perhaps those in Cuba and Por- 
to Rico. It is well known that army 
lodges of Masons, Oddfellows and so 
forth were organized, in the army, and 
every effort made to secure the young 
men as members. Brother Porter will do 
w^hat he can by the distribution of our lit- 
erature and by addresses where practic- 
able, to save and rescue the boys in blue. 
Among the well-known N. C. A. friends 
from whom I heard last month is J. 
Tranklin Browne, who has an academy at 
Brantly, Marion County, Ga. The Cyno- 
sure friends have a large place in his 
heart, and he sends greetings to them all. 
I also spent a few hours recently with 
Elder Isaac Bancroft, and those who re- 
member him as a faithful N. C. A. laborer 
wdll be glad to know that he is pleasantly 
situated at Monroe, Wis. 

At a recent trial, the travesty upon jus- 
tice was so outrageous that even some 
secret society men were led to declare 
that, if this is a fair specimen of our con- 
dition in this country, it is time that we 



all joined the National Christian Asso- 
ciation. I expect to give you a fuller ac- 
count of the attack upon the name and 
memory of a good man, and upon the 
rights of his widow and the sanctity of 
home life in a future number of The Cy- 
nosure. I would like now, however, to 
introduce to the readers of The Cynosure 
the Hon. J. J. Bruce, of Rolfe, Iowa, who 
is an earnest Christian as well as a promi- 
nent citizen of that State. He is sur- 
rounded by the same Masonic crowd 
which defended and cleared the Scotch 
Rite Mason that murdered Rev. George 
C. Haddock in Sioux City a few years 
ago. There is prospect of this becoming 
one of the celebrated cases of especial in- 
terest to our readers. The following let- 
ter is taken from the (Des Moines) Iowa 
State Register of Sept. 14, i< 



"Rolfe, Sept. 13.— Ed. Register: After 
reading your Storm Lake dispatch about 
my trial and that of J. M. Hoskins, I said 
surely justice has fled from Iowa and 
cruelty and oppression has come in her 
stead. My crime is not the one I was 
convicted of. Fortunately for me, when 
I had in 1869 and a year or so later been 
initiated and passed as an entered appren- 
ticed Mason and fellow craft, I was re- 
quested to do that which I was not ob- 
ligated to do and refused. This request 
was a criminal act to protect three coun- 
ty treasurers in settlement. It came from 
one, for the other two I refused. Later 
I was requested to assist the Worshipful 
Master, who was county treasurer of 
Webster County. I refused and was 
blackballed thereafter two or three times, 
so I never took a Master Mason's obli- 
gation. By observation and other legiti- 
mate means I became as well acquainted 
with the work of this degree as any one 
initiated and obligated therein. Let any 
Mason go over the obligation of the first 
and second degrees and see wherein I am 
right. The obligation and teaching of 
the first two degrees binds no man to do 
an unlawful act to protect any one, and I 
wish I could so state of the Master Ma- 
son's obligation. * * * The fear I 
would disclose the Master Mason's obli- 
gation is what led me into trouble and 
caused that deep anxiety to make me ap- 
pear as a libeler and a perjurer, of which 
crimes I am as guiltless as I am of caus- 
ing the Cuban war. A state of affairs 



October. 189S. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



vrell known to State Auditor's omce led 
to the withdrawal of seven bondsmen 
irom county treasurer's bond Oct. 20, 
1897. I was the chairman of the board 
of supervisors and a bondsman. Oct. 12, 
when we voted to call a special meeting, 
treasurer gave the Master Mason's sign 
of distress, which brought to him the 
Master [Masons in sight. From that time 
.since I have been followed by the most 
malignant lies, and am ^orry to say the 
worst of these came from a preacher in 
the northwest Iowa conference. ^ ^ ^ 
I put on witness after witness, but they 
Avere all obligated to keep the secrets of 
their brother secure and inviolable and I 
satisfied myself that I had found the se- 
cret of the failure to prosecute crime in 
many cases, even where men pleaded 
guilty in a lower court and were cleared 
in a higher. The cases of the man who 
stopped me at second degree are report- 
ed in 60 lov.-a, pages 478 and 721. Keep 
your eye on this case, and as sure as 
truth is mighty it will prevail, and this 
will be the most noted case ever brought 
in the courts of the State. ^ ^ ^ 

"T. T. Bruce." 

Our friends on the Pacihc coast will be 
:glad to learn that Rev. P. B. Williams 
Avill probably begin work again on the 
first of this month, and it is hoped that 
in the early part of next year a conven- 
tion will be held by the Oregon and 
A\"ashington Association. 

The Association has requested Mr. I. 
Iv. B. Arnold, long and favorably known 
ior his work with the Floating Chapel. 
to represent it at the Free ^lethodist gen- 
eral conference, which meets in this city 
this month. 

The following named have become life 
members of the National Association 
during the present vear: Mrs. George 
Clark. Oberlin. Ohio: Mrs. M. \V. Bing- 
liam. ^^lallett Creek. Ohio: ^Irs. Marv R. 
Bissell. Humboldt. Xeb.: Mrs. C' A. 
Johnson. Huntley, ^^linn.: Mrs. L. C. 
Andrews. A\'aupon, Wis.: ^^Ir. and Mrs. 
^\'illiam H. Dawson, Balmoral. Wis. 

Wm. I. Phillips. 



TESTIMONY FROM SECRET SOCIETY 
MEN. 



EV SIMPSON ELV. 



The foundation for a new Masonic hall 
at Oak Park, 111., is laid and the struc- 
ture will be completed before winter. It 
is to contain an auditorium and lodge 
rooms. 



Xow that my discussion with Prof. 
\\"illiams is a thing of the past, I desire to 
publish a few extracts from letters I have 
received from members of secret socie- 
ties. 

One of our most prominent and suc- 
cessful evangelists in Indiana writes: 'T 
have just finished reading your Impeach- 
ments and feel as if I want to congratu- 
late you on your courageous but manly 
attack on secret orders. I have had con- 
nection with three secret orders, and can 
verify all you say about them. So will 
any honest, God-loving and devil-hating 
man. I have been preaching against se- 
cret orders (to my personal injury) for 
three years, and, by the grace of God, I 
intend' to keep it up. The lodges are 
sapping the life-blood of the church, and 
it is high time that some Luther of the 
nineteenth century began the onslaught. 
You do not stand alone. There are 
more than seven thousand who have not 
bowed the knee to Xox."' 

A prominent pastor and editor of a re- 
ligious paper in our own church, who is 
a Mason, writes : 

"Permit me to thank you for your wise 
and timely attack upon the lodge-e^-il. 
I know so many churches completely 
'lodged.' I wish you would request, in- 
sist, entreat, or demand, as the occasion 
requires, that Brother Williams teU us 
what advantage a ^lason-Christian or a 
Christian-]\Iason has over a Christian 
who is not a Alason." 

A physician in Illinois writes me con- 
cerning the 2^[asonic oath which I pub- 
lished in the discussion, and which Prof. 
Williams did not dare deny, but treated 
with perfect silence. He says: "The 
oath administered to a candidate for 
Z\Iaster ^Mason's degree and mentioned in 
this paper is every word true. I have 
been there.*' 

These are sufficient for one article. I 
have more testimony for future articles. 
These come from well-known lodge 
members. They are all honorable mea 
and occupy very responsible positions. 

Kirksville, ]Mo. 



106 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



THE LODGE, A FOE OF 
CHUISTIANITY. 

NO CHURCH COMMUNION WITH FREE 
MASONS. 



REV. WM. WISHART, D. D. 



What should be the attitude of the 
Christian church in relation to Masonry 
and otner secret societies? Should she 
fellowship the members of these societies 
or should she exclude them from her com- 
munion;' As to the answer of this ques- 
tion there is probably .not entire agree- 
ment even among those who with one 
voice condemn and oppose secret socie- 
ties. All, however, will admit that this 
is a question of very grave importance, 
and 13 worthy of the most serious and 
prayerlul consideration. 

THE CHURCH'S MISSIO]^. 

The church is the pillar and ground of - 
truth, the salt of the earth, the light of 
the world, the household of faith, the 
kingdom of God's dear son, a holy na- 
tion, a peculiar people. The very names 
applied to the church in the sacred scrip- 
tures clearly indicate that though in this 
dark world she is to be separate and dis- 
tinct from it, that while by the truth of 
her profession and the purity of her prac- 
tice she is to withstand and oppose the 
darkness of error and sin in the world, 
she is not to participate in this darkness 
— not to have fellowship with the w^orld 
in those errors and sins which it is the 
design of her mission to rebuke and re- 
move. The relation, then, in which she 
stands to any great system of moral dark- 
ness and delusion — like Freemasonry — 
cannot but be a matter of momentous 
consequence both with respect to the 
church herself and the world wdiich she 
is intended to enlighten and save. It is 
our firm conviction that the church ought 
to exclude from her communion all those 
who. after faithful instruction and admo- 
nition, vvill not withdraw from the fellow- 
ship of the lodge, and it is the design of 
this paper to present a few plain argu- 
ments in the confirmation of this posi- 
tion. 



SEPARATION POSITIVELY ENJOINED. 

Our first argument is founded upon a 
positive and specific injunction contained 
in the vord of God, "And have no fellow- 
ship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them. For it is 
a shame even to speak of those things 
which are done of them in secret," Eph. 
v., II, 12. Some suppose that by "the 
unfruitful works of darkness" the apostle 
intended the works of the flesh in gener- 
al, or, in other words, the wicked works 
of unregenerate men; and that such, 
w^orks are called w^orks of darkness, be- 
cause they flow from the darkness of ig- 
norance and depravity and lead to the 
darkness of eternal woe and misery. It 
is obvious, however, that while the lan- 
guage of the apostle may be understood 
and applied in this general sense, he had 
a more special reference to such shame- 
ful works or abominable practices as 
shun the light of day and seek the dark- 
ness of secrecy or concealment. This is 
evident from the twelfth verse, where he 
farther describes these "works of dark- 
ness" as "things which are done of them 
in secret." Hence many of our most: 
eminent commentators agree in the opin- 
ion that there is a special reference in this, 
language to the shameful conduct of the 
heathen in their idolatrous worship, 
which was carefully concealed from all 
except the initiated. 

That there was such conduct arnong 
the ancient heathen is abundantly evident 
from the records of history. "AH false 
religions," says Calmet, "have their mys- 
teries — that is, certain things kept pri- 
vate, not to be divulged or exposed indif- 
ferently to all, but known only to the ini- 
tiated.' The pagans had their mysteries,, 
but. they were mysteries of iniquity, 
shameful mysteries, concealed because 
their exposure would have rendered their 
religion contemptibly ridiculous and 
odious." See Calmet's Dictionary, re- 
vised by E. Robinson — word mystery. 
And says Warburton: "Each of the pa- 
gan gods had, besides the public and 
open, a secret worship paid unto him, to 
which none were admitted but those who 
had been selected by preparatory cere- 
monies called initiation. This secret wor- 
ship was termed "the mysteries." Di- 
vine Legation, Vol. I., page 189. 

MASONRY IS PAGANISM REVIVED. 

Now these pagan mysteries are the 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



IG 



prototype of Masonry. From them it de- 
rives its principal symbols and ceremo- 
nies, its oaths of secrecy and signs of rec- 
ognition, its implicit faith and blind obe- 
dience. In fact, it is substantially a per- 
petuation amidst the clear light of Chris- 
tian revelation — of the secret idolatrous 
worship of ancient paganism. For — 

1. It is perfectly obvious that the ob- 
ject or Masonic worship is not the true 
and living God revealed in the sacred 
scriptures — not the God and Father of 
our Lord Jesus Christ — but a mere crea- 
ture of the imagination, a mere abstrac- 
tion which Christians, Jews and Pagans 
agree to worship as a God while in the 
lodge, and that it is as really a false God 
as w\'is Osiris and Mithras, Adonis, Bac- 
chus and other false divinities, in whose 
honor the ancient mysteries were cele- 
brated. No Christ excluding worship 
can be the worship of the true God; for 
■''he that honoreth not the son honoreth 
not the Father which hath sent Him." 
John v., 23. 

HIGH MASONIC AUTHORITY. 

2. As for the symbols and ceremonies 
of Masonry, we have the authority of Al- 
bert G. Mackey, the highest Masonic 
authority in this country, for the asser- 
tion that they are principally derived 
from, and identical with, the symbols and 
ceremonies of ancient idolatrous worship. 
A few quotations on this point will suf- 
fice. Mackey calls "the ancient myster- 
ies those sacred rites which have furnish- 
ed so many models for Masonic symbo- 
lism." Manual of the Lodge, page 12. Of 
the all-seeing eye he says: "It is a very 
ancient symbol and supposed to be a relic 
of primitive sun-worship. Among the 
Egyptians the eye was the symbol of 
their supreme god Osiris or the sun." 
See Mackey's book on Symbolism of 
Freemasonry, page 335. 

Of the point within a circle he says: 
"It is derived from the ancient sun-wor- 
ship and is in reality of phallic origin," 
Symbolism of Freemasonry, page 353. 
And of the rite of circumambulation he 
says: "It was universally practiced m 
the ancient initiations and other religious 
ceremonies, and was always performed 
so that the persons moving should have 
the altar on their right hand. The rite 
was symbolic of the apparent daily course 
■of the sun from the east to the west, by 
the way of the south, and was undoubt- 



edly derived from the ancient sun wor- 
ship." Symbolism of Masonry, page 327. 

ORIGIN OF THE THIRD DEGREE. 

And if we inquire, From whence do Ma- 
sons derive the legend of the third degree 
or that ceremony which constitutes the 
very essence of Masonry, in which is 
commemorated the violent death and 
subsequent resurrection of Hiram Abift? 
Mackey gives us the answer in his Man- 
ual of the Lodge, page 99: "The idea of 
the legend was undoubtedly borrowed 
from the ancient mysteries, where the 
lesson was the same as that now convey- 
ed in the third degree of Masonry." 

3. To show how completely Mackey 
identifies this rite with a similar one in 
the ancient pagan mysteries we quote his 
language in relation to the mysteries in 
the worship of Adonis : "They lasted for 
two days and were commemorative of 
the death and restoration of Adonis. The 
ceremonies of the first day were funereal 
in their character, and consisted in the 
lamenting of the initiates for the death of 
Adonis, whose picture or image was car- 
ried in procession. The second day was 
devoted to mirth and joy for the return 
of Adonis to life. In their spirit and their 
mystical design these mysteries bore a 
very great resemblance to the third de- 
gree of Masonry, and they are quoted to 
show the striking analogy between the 
ancient and modern initiations." And 
he farther adds: "In the mythology of 
the philosophers, Adonis was a symbol 
of the sun, but Iiis death by violence and 
his subsequent restoration to life make 
him the analogue of Hiram Abiff in^ the 
Masonic system and identify the spirit of 
initiation in his mysteries — with that of 
the third degree of Masonry." See Sym- 
bolism of Masonry, page 314. 

OTHER RELIABLE AUTHORITIES. 

It may be proper to observe here that 
the above account of the mysteries of 
Adonis is in substance the same as that 
given by Calmet and other reliable wri- 
ters, and is historically correct. We have 
an example of the funereal part of the 
ceremonv in "the women weeping for 
Tammuz," Ezek. viii., 14, a name some- 
times given to Adonis. Hence it is cer- 
tain that this most important and indis- 
pensable rite of initiation in the third de- 
gree of Masonry has been derived from 
the mysteries of inv^ient pagan worships 



16S 



CHRISTIAN CYKOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



and that it is the same rite, with the ex- 
ception that Alasonry has substituted Hi- 
ram Abiff in the place of the heroes and 
demi-gods in whose honor the ancient 
mysteries were celebrated. And if, when 
the apostle speaks of "the things done in 
secret," he, as is generally supposed, had 
a special reference to Eleusinian myster- 
ies, in which was commemorated and 
scenically represented the loss and res- 
toration of Proserpine, the daughter of 
Ceres, what is the ceremony of the third 
degree in Masonry but a continuation of 
this same idolatrous rite, with the sub- 
stitution of the legend concerning Hiram 
Abiff in the place of the legend concern- 
ing Proserpine. 

THEIR CEREMONIES LICENTIOUS. 

4. Again, there is still another point 
of identity: In the ancient pagan mys- 
teries, fornication and other kinds of un- 
cleanness were regarded as lawful and 
generally practiced. The pagan temples 
were brothels; they were frequented by 
female prostitutes, who often presented 
the profits of their shame as offerings to 
the gods or goddesses whom they wor- 
shiped. Hence it is that the scriptures 
so frequently mention idolatry and adul- 
tery in the same connection, and that the 
latter became an emblem of the former. 

When the apostles and elders at Jeru- 
salem sent a letter to the Gentile Chris- 
tians they directed them "to abstain from 
the pollutions of idols and from fornica- 
tion," Acts XV., 20. On this passage Mr. 
Barnes remarks: "This crime was con- 
nected Avith religion. It was the practice 
of * * * females to devote them- 
selves to the service of particular tem- 
ples, and to devote the avails of indis- 
criminate prostitution to the service of 
the god or the goddess." Again, "This 
vice was connected with no small part of 
pagan worship, and the images, the em- 
blems and customs of idolatry every- 
where tended to sanction and promote 
it." See Barnes on Acts xv., 20. 

Now on this point Masonry clearly 
shows its pagan origin and its identity 
with ancient pagan worship. For Ma- 
sonry regards and treats fornication and 
adultery as lawful, or at least as a mat- 
ter of moral indifference. It indeed re- 
stricts them to those females who are 
not connected with members of the fra- 
ternity. The Mason promises and swears 
"not to violate the chastity of a Master 



Mason's wife, sister or daughter, know- 
ing them to be such;" but, excepting this, 
restriction, there is no Masonic law to^ 
forbid fornication or adultery, and where- 
there is no Masonic law there is certain- 
ly no Masonic transgression, and can be 
no Masonic punishment. Nay, this very 
restriction implies that there is Masonic: 
liberty to commit fornication except with 
persons who are wives, sisters or daugh- 
ters of brother Masons. 

A MORE AGGRAVATED EVIL. 

Masonry, then, is a system of idola- 
trous worship, substantially identical: 
with the ancient pagan mysteries, only 
that it is a more aggravated offense iix 
the sight of God, inasmuch as it is main- 
tained in the midst of much more light, 
and evidence, and inasmuch as it con- 
tains a profane mixture of Judaism and 
Christianity sacrilegiously garbled and' 
perverted from their true design. And if 
Christians were required by a specific in- 
junction to have no fellowship with the 
heathen in their idolatrous worship iiT 
the days of the apostle, certainly the same 
injunction requires them to have no fel- 
lowship with the idolatry of the lodge 
now. But how do we as Christians have 
fellowship with others in any sin? I an- 
swer, not merely by actual participation, 
with them in the commission of this sin, 
but also by consenting, approving, coun- 
tenancing, or in any way encouraging- 
them in the commission of it; yea, by 
neutrality and indifference with respect 
to it. We must oppose and reprove 
others and testify against their sins in 
order to clear ourselves from responsi- 
bility for them. Paul acknowledges him- 
self to have been a partaker of the sin of 
putting Stephen to death. How? He 
did not throw a stone at him — no; but 
he encouraged those who did. He con- 
sented unto his death. Acts xxii., 20. 

INEVITABLE CONCLUSION. 

Plence it is almost needless to say that 
any church or denomination of Chris- 
tians that receives or retains those who- 
are known to be members of the lodge 
in its communion, has fellowship with 
them in their works of darkness. By 
thus publicly indorsing their character as 
Christians in good standing, making- 
common cause with them as followers of 
Jesus Christ, and giving countenance 
and encouragement to them in their evil 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN GYNOSUHE. 



169 



•course, it becomes a partaker of their 
evil deeds. The individual Christian, 
who remains in sudh churches, is re- 
sponsible, especially if he remains with- 
'Out testifying and protesting against this 
great evil and using all lawful .means for 
the reformation of the church. Follow- 
er of Jesus, think you that you can sit at 
the same communion table and partake 
•of the same emblems of a Savior's love 
and the same pledges of mutual Chris- 
tian affection and co-operation with 
those who turn their back upon Christ 
and unite with Jews and Infidels in the 
idolatrous worship of the lodge, and yet 
be guiltless before God? Remember, 
"'he that biddeth him Godspeed is a par- 
taker of his evil deeds." 2 John v., 11. 
Allegheny, Pa. 



MASONRY REJECTS THE BIBLE AND 
ITS AUTHOR. 



EDMUND RONAYNE EXPLAINS MASONIC CON- 
TRADICTIONS. 



Referring to an article under the above 
lieading in the September number of The 
Cynosure, and in order to *'make it clear 
Avhy interpretations of the ritual are able 
to nullify the ritual," I shall beg leave to 
quote first of all from the Masonic ritual 
as set forth by the Grand Lodge of En- 
gland and adopted as the standard ritual 
throughout all the British Empire and 
its dependencies. In the examination of 
an entered apprentice for the Fellow- 
craft degree the following question and 
answer occur: 

''What is Freemasonry?" 

*'A peculiar system of morality veiled 
in allegory and illustrated by symbols." 

No such language as this is found in 
any part of our American ritual, and yet 
what it says is literally true of the Ma- 
sonic system, whether it be practiced in 
England, America, China, France, Tur- 
key, or wherever else Freemasonry may 
exist. It is "a peculiar system," and is il- 
lustrated as such only by symbols, and 
hence it is usually alluded to as "sym- 
bolic Masonry." We are to understand, 
then, that every implement, every article 
made use of in the Masonic initiations, 
the Bible itself included, is simply and 
only a symbol and regarded as such, and 
lien'ce that any subsequent "interpreta- 



tion" of the ritual, instead of "nullifying," 
simply confirms more fully what the rit- 
ual declares. 

Take for example the language used 
in another part of the English ritual in re- 
lation to the Bible, the compass and the 
square. When the hoodwink is removed 
from the candidate's eyes the Worshipful 
Master says: "Having been restored to 
the blessing of material light, let me 
point out to your attention wdiat we con- 
sider the three great, though emblematic, 
lights in Masonry, namely, the Volume of 
the Sacred Law, the square and the com- 
pass." Here, then, we have three em- 
blems, or symbols, brought to our no- 
tice, of which the Bible is one. In in- 
fidel France, where the very name of 
God is expunged from the ritual, there 
are three emblems, or symbols, in the 
same connection, but the Bible is not, 
and of course cannot be, one; so in Tur- 
key, China or liindostan we would have 
three emblems, or symbols, presented by 
the Masonic ritual, but, of- course, in 
neither country could the Bible be used. 

What is it, then? Simply that in En- 
gland and America, where alone the Bible 
is used in connection with Masonic ini- 
tiation, it is a mere symbol' and nothing 
more, just as the ritual states, and any 
subsequent interpretation, instead of nul- 
lifying or setting aside the language of 
the ritual, only confirms or explains more 
fully what is there set forth. In the Ma- 
sonic lodge the Bible is a symbol, the 
square is a symbol, and the compass is 
a symbol ; they are spoken of in the same 
breath, and it surely ought to be easy to 
understand that the language used in re- 
lation to symbols cannot be taken in its 
literal sense. The Bible is the rule and 
guide of the Christian's faith, but not of 
the Mason's faith, and this also ought to 
be easily understood. "The religion of 
Masonry is pure theism," and therefore 
the Holy Bible is not and cannot be a Ma- 
sonic rule of faith. 

Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of 
God, is "the inestimable gift of God to 
man," but Him Freemasonry utterly re- 
jects, and hence it is supremely silly for 
any intelligent man to try to argue that 
because in the United States alone the 
Bible is spoken of as "the rule and guide 
of our faith," that therefore Masonry re- 
gards it as such, and we must absolutely 



170 



OHRLSOTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



believe it, becatise forsooth the Masonic 
ritual in America says so, while in other 
rituals it is designedly ignored. 

The Son of God is ''the inestimable gift 
of God to man," to man in general, to 
the race at large, J:o the whole world of 
mankind, Jno. iii., i6; Matt, iii., 17.; Heb. 
i., I, 2; I Jno. iii., 9; Jno. i., 29; but the 
Masonic system not merely rejects, but 
actually abhors the Son of God, and 
therefore it rejects God, who gave His 
beloved Son to tke world, rejects His 
word, rejects the Holy Spirit and rejects 
God's salvation. How, then, can the 
Bible be the Masonic rule of faith? Of 
course, it cannot, and it is not, and this 
the Masonic ritual most clearly asserts, 
as quoted above. 

I want to repeat once more that the 
Lord Jesus is "the inestimable gift of 
God to man," the American Masonic rit- 
ual to the contrary notwithstanding, and 
that the word of God, the Holy Scrip- 
tures, is the inestimable gift of God to 
God's people; and I want to add, fur- 
ther, that although God has "magnified 
His Word above all His name," Psa. 
cxxxviii., 2, yet Freemasonry places that 
Word in a common level with the square ' 
and the compass the avowed symbols of 
its pagan or deistic religion. In the Holy 
Scriptures we find that the Word of God 
is ^associated with Regeneration, Jas. i., 
18; I Peter i., 23 ; with Faith, Rom. x., 17; 
Jno. v., 24; with Justification, Rom. iv., 
3; with Sanctification, Jno. xvii., 17, and 
XV., 3, with Christian growth, i Peter ii., 
I, 2; with Guidance, Psa. cxix., 11. And 
surely any Christian, but more especially 
a Christian minister, ought to be able to 
understand from all these considerations 
that it is a direct insult to God to have 
His name and His word so glibly mixed 
up with the pagan mummeries and the 
lying legends of the Masonic system. 

And now let us briefly glance at the 
two rem.aining symbols which comprise 
the so-called great lights and see what 
the Masonic ritual has to say about them. 
"The Bible," it declares, "is given to us 
as the rule and guide of our faith, the 
square to square our actions, and the 
compass to circumscribe our desires and 
keep us within due bounds toward all 
mankind, but more especially toward our 
brethren in Freemasonry." "The square 
is to square our actions." Is this really 
true? Does the old rusty square really 



teach us how to "live soberly, righteous- 
ly and godly in this present^ evil world,"" 
and must I literally beheve what the rit- 
ual says about the square? Most as- 
suredly not. The square is simply a Ma- 
sonic symbol, just as the Bible is a Ma- 
sonic symbol, and no more. And so also 
of the compass. Is it really true that the 
compass teaches how we may subdue our 
passions, or is it not rather^ set forth as 
another Masonic symbol, like the Bible 
and the Square? 

But notice carefully the language used: 
The Bible is given, the square is given, 
and the compass is given, but by whom 
are they given? Does God give us the 
Bible and do we get the square and com- 
pass from some other source? or is not 
the Bible, God's written word, an all- 
sufficient guide of itself? "All scripture 
is given by inspiration of God, and is 
profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for 
correction, for instruction in righteous- 
ness, that the man of God may be per- 
fect, thoroughly furnished unto all good 
works," 2 Tim. iii., 16. This is the lan- 
guage of inspiration, the plain, positive 
averment of the Spirit of God, but the 
Masonic ritual deliberately sets this vv^ord 
of God aside, and adds to the Bible the 
pagan sy|Tibols of its own pagan religion. 
But one question more. If I am not to 
believe what the Masonic ritual says 
about its pagan symbols of the square 
and compass, why should I accept what 
it says about the Bible? I don't receive 
the Bible from Masonry, but from God, 
and God has given it not only to guide 
the Christian's faith, but also as a com- 
plete rule of life, that through its divine 
teachings "the man of God may be thor- 
oughly perfected." 

And last of all, suppose that when the 
candidate is sworn while taking his Ma- 
sonic degree, the square and compass 
should be absent from the altar, but the 
Bible there, what then? Why, no Ma- 
sonic oath would have been administered 
and no obligation assumed, and the 
whole ceremony should have been gone 
over again. But if the Bible were absent 
and the square and compass there, then 
what? Any so-called "book of the law,'^ 
— the Masonic constitutions, the Koran, 
the Book of Mormon, the Vedas, or any 
other alleged sacred book — would be ac- 
cepted, and the Masonic oath be equally 
binding as if sworn on the Bible. I con- 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



171 



elude, then, that the Bible itself is not 
even a constant symbol, but is used to 
catch the Christian public and on the Ma- 
sonic altar is a direct insult to God, its 
author and its giver. 

104 Milton avenue, Chicago, 111. 



THE CHURCH OR THE LODGE? 



MISS REXA REZNER. 



If we had a list of all the secret orders 
;and the number of professing Christians 
belonging to them it would be a startling 
revelation. You ask, 'Is not the lodge 
,a suitable place for a Christian?" Listen: 
"Ye cannot serve God and mammon." 
The lodge is a worldly organization. It 
may be the best thing that the world can 
give to its followers, but Christ gives to 
the Christian His blood-bought church 
and savs, "Occupy till I come." The 
Bible does not say Christ died for the 
lodge, but that ''he loved the church and 
gave himself for it; that he might pre- 
sent it to himself, a glorious church not 
having spot or wrinkle or any such 
thing; but that it should be holy and 
without blemish." 

Again some ministers have said to me, 
"The lodge takes care of the sick, and 
the church does not. The lodge helps us 
when traveling, and the church does not." 
How can any one who is a member of 
the church of the living God say this? 
How can a minister of the Lord Jesus 
Christ say this? You are a part of the 
church, my Christian friend. You have 
professed to take Christ as your patron, 
and to follow His direction as laid down 
in His word, and that is, "Pure religion 
and undefiled before God and the Father 
is this: To visit the fatherless and wid- 
ows in their affliction and to keep him- 
self unspotted from the world." So in 
condemning the church you condemn 
yourselves, for you are a part of the 
church, and if you condemn yourselves 
what must be Christ's condemnation of 
you? Ministers, when you say the 
church does not take care of its sick and 
helpless, you pass a heavy condemnation 
on yourselves, for you profess to be call- 
ed of God to help to keep the church up 
to His standard, prescribed in His Word. 
And if vou, the leaders of the church of 
the living Christ, pull it down and slan- 



der it by saying, "The church does not 
take care of the sick, helpless, aged and 
poor, so I joined a lodge that never has 
an inmate in the poor house" — if you so 
condemn yourselves what must be 
Christ's condemnation of you? "For by 
thy words thou shalt be justified, and by 
thy words thou shalt be condemned," 
Matt, xii., 37. 

The church is of divine origin. If we 
do our duty in it we follow this command 
to keep ourselves "unspotted from the 
world" by not joining a worldly organi- 
zation. If a church member joins a se- 
cret order, one half of this command is 
disobeyed. Again, Col. iii., 17, "And 
whatsoever ye do in w^ord or deed, do all 
in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving 
thanks to God and the Father by Him." 
It does not say in the name of the lodge. 
How can you fellow-Christians, after 
having received the gift of God, the par- 
don of sins, the promise of eternal life, 
and have taken upon you the vows to 
"follow Christ as revealed in His Vv^ord 
and to support the church," how can you 
then join a lodge, a worldly institution, 
and openly oppose the church which you 
have promised to support? Why not 
throw your influence on the side of the 
church and so see to it that it does do its 
duty as far as you are concerned? Let 
us give to Christ and His church all glory 
and do all in His name. Let us not help 
on the world with its organizations in the 
name of these organizations, so try to 
serve God and mammon. It shows a 
lack of faith and consistency for a minis- 
ter sent out b}^ the Redeemer to work 
for His church, to keep it up to the 
standard He gave, to say, "I joined 
the lodge to have a support in my old 
age, or for my family in case I should be 
called awav, for the church will not do 
it?" 

Flow can you preach to your young 
people not to dance because it is a world- 
ly pleasure? So is the lodge. You can- 
not preach against dancing consistently, 
because you countenance organizations 
that give their grand balls and wine ban- 
(|uets. Do you see where you land? "Ye 
cannot serve God and mammon." It 
does not alter the case for you to say that 
you never attend these balls ; you belong 
to an organization that you know coun- 
tenances them, and pay your propor- 



172 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898; 



tional part to help them defray expenses. 
Unconverted young men say, "Why, 
Christians and ministers join our lodge; 
so I think this fact shows that the church 
does not satisfy them." These preachers 
preach from the pulpit, "Trust God and 
all will be right;" but they cannot trust 
Him; they join a lodge in order to get 
help. If Christ is so willing to send help 
to His people, why do His ministers, 
called of Him, turn aside to a lodge?" 

Another excuse is, 'T joined the lodge 
in order to draw some into the church." 
Christ says, 'T, if I be lifted up, will draw 
all men unto me." Don't you know that 
one who is brought into the church by 
such ways and means, can easily be 
drawn back into the world? Again, some 
ministers have said to me, "I can prove 
to you that Christ was a Mason." But 
Christ said, 'Tn secret have I said noth- 
ing. For there is nothing covered that 
shall not be revealed; neither hid, that 
shall not be known. Therefore whatso- 
ever ye have spoken in darkness shall be 
heard in the light, and that which ye 
have spoken in the ear in closets shall 
be proclaimed upon the housetops." 

Ministers, elders, Christians, one and 
all, let us say as did Nehemiah when they 
ask us to join any secret order, 'T am do- 
ing a great work, so that I cannot come 
down." If we attend strictly to our 
church duties we will have no time to 
turn aside to the world in order to find 
work. The lodge is a failure, morally. 
Its object is not to save the soul, but the 
body. The lodge, and the lodge religion, 
will perish with the world. The church 
is the Lamb's bride. Some have said to 
me when I asked them to accept Christ, 
*'The lodge is good enough for me. I 
want nothing more. The lodge rules ar® 
my Bible." But, unconverted friend, the 
lodge will never save your soul, even if 
it should benefit your body, which is 
doubtful. The church must go to Christ 
for power, not to the lodge. 

And God's promises to His people are, 
Neh. i., 7, 'The Lord is good, a strong- 
hold in the day of trouble; and He know- 
eth them that trust in Him." Micah vii., 
5, 'Trust ye not in a friend; put^ye not 
confidence in a guide." Jer. xlix., "Leave 
they fatherless children, I will preserve 
them alive, and let thy widows trust in 
me," not in the lodge. Col. ii., 20-22, 
^'Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ 



from the rudiments of the world, why as 
though living in the world are ye sub- 
ject to ordinances, after the command- 
ments and doctrines of men." Is. xxviii.,, 
20, 'Tor the bed is shorter than that a 
man can stretch himself on it, and the 
covering narrower than that he can wrap^ 
himself in it." The lodge is short be- 
cause it must perish with the world; it 
only reaches to eternity; its covering too 
narrow, for it will not take in a whole 
world. Eph. v., 11, ''And have no fel- 
lowship with the unfruitful works of 
darkness, but rather reprove them." Yes,, 
unfruitful! Did you ever know a soul 
to be converted in a lodge meeting? How 
can we ever hope to have the church do 
the work it ought to do when its leaders 
and members go o& and do in the name 
of the lodge what they ought to do in the 
name of Christ and His church? And 
then say, "The church does not do its 
duty." Let us rally to the church. Let 
us work for it in the name of Christ, visit 
the sick, distressed, and needy, lifting up 
humanity, strengthening the weak, com- 
forting the sad and sorrowful, but doing 
it all in the name of Christ and His- 
church. 

Biggsville, 111. 



CHRIST OR ANTI-CHRIST. 



BY REV. P. B. WILLIAMS. 



This is the choice which every one 
must make who is now a member, and 
also those who contemplate becoming 
members of the lodge. "No man can 
serve two masters." No man can be a 
Christian and an anti-Christian at the 
same time. Masonic and other lodge ob- 
ligations conflict with our obligations to 
Christ and Christianity for the reason 
that no two religions are alike. The ob- 
ligations of Freemasonry are one thing,, 
and the obligations of Christianity quite 
another thing. If the obligations of 
Christianity were identical with those of 
Freemasonry and it antedated Christian- 
ity by at least a thousand years, it would 
charge upon Jesus Christ the folly of es- 
tablishing a system of religion identical 
with one already in existence. 

These systems of religion are far from 
being identical. If they were the same, 
what could it advantage the Christian by 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAJ^ OYNOSUiRai]. 



it: 



being identified with both? If they are 
not the same, but differ in their moral ob- 
hgations, how can a Christian, consist- 
ently with his obligations to Christ and 
the church, identify himself with such a 
society? We hold tihat he cannot, and 
hence oppose the union as unnatural, im- 
moral and unscriptural. Masons them- 
selves claim to have "valuable secrets" 
and "important precepts," which they 
have "promised to conceal and never re- 
veal," and which "would subject them to 
the contempt and detestation of all good 
Masons," They claim to have light, but 
it shines only in the darkness and secre- 
cy of the lodge. They have "valuable se- 
crets," but they must not be "divulged." 
They have "important precepts," but re- 
fuse to impart them to the world. This 
principle of concealing is opposed to 
Christianity for this, among other rea- 
sons : 

The promptings of a true Christian 
heart alone would induce one to reveal 
anything that would be beneficial to an 
erring world. "Let your light so shine." 
"Ye are the light of the world, a city that 
is set on a hill cannot be hid; neither do 
men light a candle and put it under a 
bushel, but on a candle stick, and it giv- 
eth light to all that are in the house." 
These are "valuable" and "important" 
"precepts" which no Christian can ig- 
nore and be innocent. These precepts 
are enjoined by the "one Lawgiver, who 
has power to save and to destroy." "All 
scripture is given by inspiration of God, 
and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, 
for instruction in righteousness; that the 
man of God may be perfect, thoroughly 
furnished to all good works." And if he 
be fully furnished to all good works, how 
much better can he be by becoming a 
Freemason? To suppose that he can be- 
come better is a reflection upon Chris- 
tianity. Yea, it is nothing less than in- 
fidelity ! 

The lodge conflicts with the church, 
because it takes the money from the 
church, and pours it into lodge treasur- 
ies, and thus "robs God." There are onK^ 
two treasuries into which the Christian 
is commanded to put his money — the 
Lord's treasury and the other is the state 
or government under which he lives. 
What right, then, has a Christian man 
to put his means into a Masonic treas- 



ury? He has none! Whafright has he 
to help build Masonic halls and temples 
which are very often used for theatrical,, 
dramatic and other profane purposes,, 
such as balls, dances, etc.? In Christ Je- 
sus are hid all the treasures of wisdom 
and knowledge. What can a Christian 
gain outside of Him? If in Christ, a 
member of his body, why seek to be as- 
sociated with men of the world and bind 
yourself with oaths and obligations which 
clash with your obligations as Christians? 
It cannot be done without guilt. "Come 
out from among them." 
Salem, Ore. 



WHAT CHRISTIANITY REQUIRES OF 
LODGE MEMBERS. 



Rev. D. B. Gunn, of Cambridge,. 
Mass., says on this subject: It is an old 
and oft-repeated adage: "Confession is. 
good for the soul." But it is no more 
ancient nor oft repeated than it is reason- 
ably and scripturally true. It is good 
both because of a moral obligation rest- 
ing upon us all, and the blessing of God 
that is bestowed upon all who make true 
confession. The blessing comes through 
Jesus Christ. To receive divine blessing 
we should confess Christ, who secures 
the blessing for us. "He that confesseth 
me before men him will I also confess, 
before my Father, who is in heaven," 
Matt. X., 32. This is simply a just debt 
from the giver to those to whom it is. 
given. To withhold this confession would 
be gross injustice and the non-payment 
of debt, which would be robbery! Those 
who are involved in sin and have beea 
guilty of wrong-doing should make hum.- 
ble confession, to the full extent of the- 
evil which they have committed. "If we 
confess our sins He is faithful and just 
to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us 
from all unrighteousness," i John i., 9. 
Let ir be well understood that to secure 
this blessing, the confession must be so- 
genuine as to be attended with utter 
abandonment of the sins committed. "He 
that covereth his sins shall not prosper; 
but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them 
shall have mercy," Prov. xxviii., 13. This, 
brings one to a decisive point, and one 
where many tremble, falter and fail. Very 
much is involved and often that in which 
there is a cross, sacrifice and cost. But ■ 



174 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



whate\er the expense, it must be met, or 
the blessing- wiU be withheld. 

There are thousands in secret socie- 
ties who are fully convinced that they did 
a wrong thing in entering the lodge. 
They feel condemned for having done it 
and heartily wish they had kept out of it. 
But they lack the moral courage and 
grace to confess the wrong and come 
out. Their convictions are as a fire in 
their bosoms, which they smother and 
grind along, still joined to their hated 
idol. The cost is what stands in their 
way. They would be persecuted, brand- 
ed as perjured villains, denounced as 
hypocrites, ostracised and held up to 
scorn and reproach by those with whom 
they had been in league. Such is the na- 
ture 01 the lodge system, the general hab- 
it and character which is grown into and 
practiced by lodge member. It is also 
in keeping with the oaths and obligations 
which are taken by all the initiates. Most 
so it is true in the higher and more 
Christless orders, and less in the lower 
and more humane ones. These are no 
small foes to face, and conviction, cour- 
age and principle are needed to enable 
one to overcome and reap the fruits of 
victory in the fight. 

Those who have run the gauntlet know 
by experience and have reaped the re- 
ward. Hear the testimony of such men 
as Finney, Bernard, Pease, Colver and 
Ronayne. The charming memoir of Dr. 
Nathaniel Colver, ably written by Dr. J. 
A. Smith, had but a limited sale, and 
why? It is believed that because his 
renunciation and exposure of Masonry, 
which were very properly recorded in 
the volume, so provoked the ire of the 
Masons that they sent warnings against 
its purchase, to every Masonic lodge in 
the country. A prominent Mason in a 
town wTiere I was once laboring was con- 
verted to Christ. He wished to unite 
Avith the Congregational church of which 
his w^ife was a member. But the church 
would not receive an adhering Mason. 
He was visited by a lodge member and 
asked if he intended to leave the lodge for 
the church, and upon his affirmative re- 
ply the Mason turned, and with a signifi- 
cant gesture said: ''Well, you leave the 
lodge and then " which was under- 
stood to mean, 'Sve will put you out of 
the w^ay. 

Such is Masonry, and it does cost 



something for one to turn his back upon 
it. But, 'Tf any man will come after me, 
let him deny himself, take up his cross 
and follow me," Matt, xvi., 24. Not Ma- 
sons alone show a like spirit. There is 
often some cost in staying out of lodges, 
and even those in wdiich no oath is re- 
quired. In one of my early pastorates I 
was beset and teased by the Good Tem- 
plars, who were making a great splurge 
at the time, to unite with them; and be- 
cause I declined to do so, though I was 
doing as much for temperance as any of 
them, they heralded me as not being 
friendly to the cause, and tried to injure 
my influence. What matters that: 
"Blessed are ye when men shall revile 
you and persecute you, and shall say all 
manner of evil against you, falsely, for 
my sake," Matt, v., 11. Whatever it may 
cost to stay out, or to come out, after 
getting into a lodge, should not every 
one, for Christ's sake and the Gospel's, 
stand up boldly, make clean confession, 
expose the nonsense, sham and sin, and 
testify faithfully to all the light and 
knowledge that they have upon the sub- 
ject? Yes: ''Confess your faults one to 
another, and pray one for another that 
ye may be healed," James v., 16. God 
will honor, protect and bless all who sin- 
cerely so do, and they are safe in trust- 
ing all to His care and disposal. 



AN ENEMY OF CHRIST'S CHURCH. 



REV. J. S. T. MILLIGAN. 



1. Masonry would induce the church's 
children of light and of the day to hide 
their light and become children of dark- 
ness, walking without the light of Him 
who is the light of the world. 

2. Masonry would make church mem- 
bers who are obligated to walk by the 
word and spirit of God, to be guided and 
controlled by lodge rules and decisions. 

3. Masonry requires a surrender of 
conscience and enHghtened personal 
judgment to the dictates of the lodge and 
its officials. 

4. It prevents or hinders the church 
from supervising the conduct of its mem- 
bers by oaths to conceal and never reveal. 

5. Masonry deludes men with the idea 
of a new faith of lodge origin and charac- 
ter, without the power of God's spirit. 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSDRE. 



175 



6. It holds out the prospect of heaven 
to those wiho do not come in by the door 
Jesus Christ, who said, "I am the door." 

7. Its process of sanctification is by 
lodge iraplements and not by the word 
and spirit of Christ. 

8. Its grand lodge above does not hold 
out the hope of eternal fellowship with 
Christ, whom they exclude from the 
lodge below; or of the saints who have 
"the testimony of Jesus." 

9. Masonry holds out the hope of 
heaven and happiness, in its funeral cere- 
monies to those who are "without God 
and hope" in this world, and leave it 
without either faith or repentance toward 
God and our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Allegheny, Pa. 



tmtonaL 



ODDFELLOWS BAPTIZE CHILDREN. 



Last year The Cynosure published an 
article from the Oddfellows' Herald of 
Springfield, 111., stating that "Monday 
evening, Dec. 21, 1896, was an era-mark- 
er in the history of Grape Creek Lodge, 
No. 632, and White Oak Rebekah 
Lodge, No. 314. Many brothers and 
sisters of these lodges decided that they 
would have their children christened, and 
they fixed on Past Grand Chaplain, Rev. 
W. T. Beadles, of Paris, to officiate." 

Then follows a description of how the 
lodge room and baptismal altar were dec- 
orated with flags and boucjuets, and the 
motto from the words of Jesus, "Suffer 
little children to come unto me." Then 
follows the statement, "At 5:30 Chaplain 
Beadles conducted the baptismal ser- 
vices, tw^enty-seven children being chris- 
tened by him as follow^s," and then the 
names of the children and their parents 
are given. Next follows the words, 
"After the services the chaplain said that 
this is a new and unique thing in the his- 
tory of the lodges, but eminently proper; 
and had not bound any of the parents to 
have their children become members of 
any church, but to bring them up in the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord, so 
that they may become godly men and 
w^omen and also good Oddfellows and 
citizens." Then, in closing the services, 
the article says, "Chaplain Beadles spoke 



very warm words for the Grape Creek 
brothers and sisters. He said he had 
been an Oddfellow for many years and 
had never seen such a service as this; he 
would go away better, feeling a deeper 
interest in this lodge and these children." 
Now from these statements would not. 
any candid reader get the impression that 
the event that was the "era marker in the 
history of Grape Creek Lodge" — that the 
"new and unique thing in the history of 
lodges" — that the service, the like of 
which Chaplain Beadles had never seen 
before — was this baptism of children, not 
binding the parents to have them become 
members of any church, but to become 
good Oddfellows? 



AREODDFELLOWS MISREPRESENTED? 



In an article in the July number of The 
Knight, a Knights of Pythias journal, 
published at Columbus, Ohio, entitled 
"An Act of Religion Falsely Represent- 
ed," The Cynosure is accused of misrep- 
resenting the Oddfellows. 

It says: "How this world is given to 
lying!" is an old saying, and even the 
peculiarly pious David once remarked, "I 
said in my heart, all men are liars;" yet 
one would scarcely expect to find liars in 
the pulpit. However, they are there 
found among the anti-secret society 
screechers. Not having facts to bolster 
up their flimsy antagonisms they must 
resort to subterfuge, misrepresentation, 
and even downright lying, in their at- 
tempts to convince their hearers (and 
nickel supporters) of the "enormities" 
practiced in lodge-rooms. As an instance, 
one "Rev." J. B. Galloway, and a num- 
ber of others of the same ilk, have re- 
peated the inane story, once printed in 
that malevolent and falsehood producing 
paper, printed in Chicago, and called The 
Christian Cynosure, that the Christian 
religion was scandalized at Grape Creek, 
III, where the Rev. W. Beadles, a Chris- 
tian minister, baptized a number of chil- 
dren "into an Oddfellow^ Lodge." This 
is being repeated by these defamers and 
falsifiers wherever and wdienever they 
can make the falsehood suit their themes 
and audiences. In order that the truth 
might be known we wrote Grape Creek 
Lodge for the facts. To our letter Bro. 



17G 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



Dr. Joseph Fairhall, the Lodge Deptity, 
rephed as foHows : 



THE FACTS IN THE CASE. 



Here is the letter received by the editor 
of The Knight, from the deputy of Grape 
Creek Lodge, and we ask our readers to 
carefully notice what additional light it 
throws on the above facts quoted from 
the Springfield (111.) OddfeUows' Herald: 
"Chas. A. Poland, Esq., Columbus, 
Ohio: 

"Dear Sir and Brother^Your recent 
-favor has been handed to me by Brother 
James Lucas, asking me as a lodge depu- 
tv to reply to you. The facts briefly stated 
are as follows : 

"Our lodge room is located in the 
heart of a mining district and the Subor- 
dinate Lodge, No. 632; the Encampment, 
No. 179, and the Rebekah Lodge, No. 
.314, are all made up of miners and their 
families. Last fall an increase occurred 
in two or three Oddfellows' families 
about the same time, and some one sug- 
gested that they all be christened at one 
time. Others stated they had children 
who had never been christened, and a 
canvass being made, about thirty were 
found, belonging to members, having no 
name, according to baptismal rites. There 
being no church in the community, it was 
decided to use our lodgeroom for the oc- 
casion, and in order to keep as much 
within the bounds of Oddfellowship as 
the occasion permitted, Brother W. Bea- 
dles, a prominent minister of Paris, 111., 
and Past Grand Chaplain of this State 
(personahy a friend of mine), was asked 
to officiate and perform the ceremony. 
The Grand Secretary, James R. MiUer, 
and several other prominent Oddfellows, 
honored us with their presence. The 
children were baptized into the Christian 
church, according to the baptismal rites. 
After the ceremony, which was very im- 
pressive, a supper was partaken of, and 
then followed speeches by various per- 
sons present. A full account was pub- 
lished at that time. 

"The children were not 'baptized mto 
the order.' I wish it were possible that 
they could be, for I know of no better 
church than the Oddfellows' temple. The 
ritual, nor even the name of the order, 
was mentioned during the ceremony, and 



the bare fact remains that twenty-seven 
children were baptized at Grape Creek, 
Illinois, by the Rev. W. Beadles, of Paris, 
111., at one time, the Oddfellows' hall be- 
ing used for the occasion. I have been 
written to from all parts of the United 
States in regard to this, and such promi- 
nence has been given to it, that it is* pos- 
sible that another ceremony of the same 
nature will be held toward the close of 
this year, and if these meddlers, traduc- 
ers and distorters of facts wish to be pres- 
ent, we shall be pleased to extend invita- 
tions to them. Further information may 
be obtained from Brother James R. Mil- 
ler. I know, also, that Rev. W. Beadles, 
of Paris, 111., will gladly answer any 
queries, and any further information I 
can give is at any time at your command. 
Fraternally yours, 

"Dr. Joseph Fairhall, 
"P. G. and L. D., Grape Creek, 632; P. 
C. P. and Deputy Grape Creek En- 
campment, 179; Charter Member 
White Oaks R. D. Lodge, No. 314; 
Acting Lieut. Canton Danville, 111., 
No. II ; Lt. Col. 4th Regt. P. M., Dept. 
111." 



BAPTIZED INTO ODDFELLOWSHIP. 



The charge made by The Cynosure, 
Rev. J. B. Galloway and others, that Odd- 
fellows sacrilegiously and profanely 
usurped the prerogatives of the church 
of Christ by presuming to baptize chil- 
dren into the order, was based on the 
facts published in the Oddfellows' Her- 
ald of Springfield. The above letter from 
the deputy of the Grape Creek Lodge, 
where the baptisms occurred, only con- 
firms the previous statements in the Her- 
ald. Dr. Fairhall apologizes for the per- 
formance by saying that there was no 
church in the community where these 
children could be baptized. He says: 
"The children were not baptized into the 
order; I wish it were possible that they 
could be, for I know of no better church 
than the Oddfellows' temple." 

There are so many Oddfellows who 
make similar declarations to these of the 
Doctor that Christians are justly alarmed 
lest the lodge, in the estimation of its 
members, becomes a substitute for the 
church of Christ. But he says: "The 
children were not baptized into the or- 



October, 1898. 



OHHIiSTIAN GYNOSUR^E. 



177 



der." The Oddfellows' Herald of Spring- 
field, in its issue of January, the week 
after these children were baptized in 
Grape Creek Lodge, gives a full report 
of the service and closes with the declara- 
tion, "We have done what no other lodge 
has ever done; we have christened the 
children right into the order. Other 
lodges will do it." Now this lodge dep- 
uty, Dr. Joseph Fairhall, eighteen 
months after this "new and unique thing 
in the history of the lodges," and after 
he "has been written to from all parts of 
the United States in regard to this," 
comes out in a letter denying that these 
children were baptized into the order. 
Which are we to believe, this lodge depu- 
ty or the Oddfellows' Herald? Do these 
conflicting statements not prove beyond 
question that this whole lodge system is 
a mess of lying contradictions? 



NOT A NEW AND UNIQUE THING, 



The declaration in the Springfield 
Oddfellows' Herald that the baptism of 
twenty-seven children into Oddfellow- 
ship in Grape Creek Lodge, No. 632, was 
"a new and unique thing in the history 
of the lodges;" that "we have done what 
no other lodge has ever done; we have 
christened the children right into the or- 
der" — this, like nearly all statements 
emanating from lodge sources, is a lying 
falsehood. The Herald is poorly read 
up on the lodge question if it does not 
know that in the Ancient and Accepted 
Scottish Rite of Freemasonry there is an 
extensive ritual for the administration of 
^'Masonic Baptism." It prescribes that 
the ceremony shall be performed only in 
the first, or Entered Apprentice degree, 
and that it is designed chiefly for infants. 
After the baptismal ceremony the lodge 
proclaims "these children to be purified 
by Masonic baptism, and anointed with 
the oil of consecration to Masonic duty." 
The Herald can post up on this subject 
by reading a book on the Ancient Scot- 
tish Rite, by Charles T. McClenachan, a 
33d-degree Past Grand Master of Cere- 
monies of the United States. 

Now, this devil's parody on the relig- 
ion of Christ, which apes his church by 
baptizing infants, and that by an order 
which rejects Christ, whose Sovereign 
Grand Lodge has declared "that it is un- 



wise, inexpedient and unlawful to make 
prominent mention of Christ in lodge 
work," was not a new thing in Grape 
Creek Oddfellows' Lodge. This blas- 
phemous travesty on Christ's ordinance 
of baptism has been practiced by Mason- 
ry for many years. The devil's counter- 
feit church would not be a counterfeit, 
deluding so many souls with the "good 
enough church for me" idea, if it did not 
have a counterfeit of the baptismal ser- 
vice. And we have never found any who 
could explain the inconsistency of those 
ministers and members of churches that 
object to infant baptism, and yet will in 
the lodge indorse this blasphernous coun- 
terfeit of it. 



MASONIC BAPTISM. 



In writing on the Masonic baptism of 
infants, as prescribed in the ritual of the 
Ancient Scottish Rite, Edmund Ronayne 
says : "I would like to ask some Masonic 
minister of the Protestant Evangelical 
Christian Church, what does he under- 
stand by Masonry purifying a man's evil 
nature and by children being purified by 
Masonic baptism? Purified in what way? 
Purified from what? Will some Baptist 
Masonic minister have the goodness to 
say whether, or no, he believes this doc- 
trine? And if he does not believe it, then 
why did he swear to "conform to and 
abide by it," and "ever maintain and sup- 
port it?" And, what is worse, why does 
he still adhere to it? Or, if he does be- 
lieve it, then will he kindly inform us why 
should not Christian baptism be as effica- 
cious in purifying a little innocent infant 
as Masonic baptism is? 

"And, lastly, I would like to know how 
a bishop or minister of the Reformed 
Episcopal Church can consistently reject 
the doctrine of "infant regeneration," as 
held and taught by. the Church of En- 
gland, while at the same time he believes 
and swears to uphold and maintain the 
doctrine of justification by works as held 
by Masonry, and of infant regeneration 
by Masonic baptism? What reply can 
Bishop Fallows and his co-laborers in 
church reform make to this inquiry? And 
what a strange inconsistency that men 
who are very loud in their protestations 
against the errors of Romanism, as prac- 
ticed in the chapel, should swear solemn- 




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people iheir sins — sax hhto ihem, "'thus 
saiih liie Lord, wiieiiier ithey will r ^ .i r : - 
ic^rbear." Em jr wiS co>si someiiiinc. :^:: i 
periLaps mnciu lo iaiiidiillj d^ ii, s: 2> 
10 dear one's skins and l>e free i-::" 
blame zn God's si§:ht. Xoxir inf. / ^ r. : -■ 
may be iniiire-i, usefulness Irmiied, rep-.:- 
raiiDn assailed- Exerx lod§:e man ttHI be 
sei against xon. Von max be :":l:~ei ::• 
resign jonr pasioiaie, and ii will re m: re 
drr h cTui for jon id semre rnrore seiiie-- 
menis- These are noi mere ima^inaiy 
obs^ades : ihej haxe all been acinallx ex- 
peiienced time and again, and ihey :Lrr 
ihre-aiened cDniinnallx. Ii is a r^^r: :f 
the lod^e program, and snre lo re tir- 
nei Dni- T^"iih these facts plainlx : t: : re 
-IS., what win we d^D? TMnai does Jesus 
SHx snonld be dune in snch cases and sax 



r on US 
.Dthinsr.' 






that ST^i:s^ je in light, and wh^t y± 'l\z1t 
in ihr -:Lr. preach xe npon the hj-as^ 
tops," "T±z- not them who VHI the body. 
bnt are not able to VtH the sonl but 
lather fear Him who is able to destrox 
both sonl and bodx in hell" Zvlstt. x.. 2j- 
:m. Smdj and -Sgesr from xerse i6 
throncfh the thiT'ter. It is noft left for ns 



cnoose oer 
;ach a^rainst 



ren sm^ mat we 
"bm all sins bx wh: 



-*11 



.oe- -r 



er t-r-nmnitted are lo receixe nut treai- 
rnt irC'm Dm lips, bx onr acti-'Dn and 
- — '>- In short, what shall we all dD? 
le - - ^-rf-- is easilx found: "Preach 

\~hatsc-rxrr he saith nntD xdh qd it." 
lohn fl. 5- "Beliexe in thx heart asd con- 
-er5 --^th thx month the Lord Tesns." 
7^:m. J-., o. Ij-d it in exerx place and in 
exeix pc^ssiolr —17. Keep thyself^ free 
front ah secret ilhantes : be dean in <joi's 
si^hn and vzzt Lininr men: rebuke sin: 



secret alliances and 



t^on them to Hi np their 



exer meetin=:s tin i^r -^trked np. Will 

selxes :: the tra-ttitsi knowledge ant 
ext:»e:Tienoe of this T-eteran reformer, wno 
has sntfered mnch in the tanse and is ht 

h'-r; at i'04 Mil::t ^v^--^. ih::at:. 



October, 1S9S. 



CHRISTI.\2s' CYNOSURE. 



179 



MASONIC CORNER-STONE LAYING. 



There was at least one protest went 
up from the great commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania against the 2^Iasons laying 
the cornerstone of the new capitol build- 
ing at Harrisburgh. It was an article in 
the Philadelphia News from the trench- 
ant pen of Josiah \V. Leeds. He says: 
While, on the other hand, there may be 
a certain aspect of suitableness in thus 
placing this public functtion in the hands 
of Freemasons, for the reason that the 
officers of state are largely held by ad- 
herents of this secret, oath-bound order, 
vet. on the other hand, it is to be con- 
sidered that many men of high standing 
in the history of the republic, as Chief 
Justice ^larshall, President John Quincy 
Adams. Secretary of State Seward, Sec- 
retary of the Treasury Chase. Senators 
Sumner and Stevens and Daniel Web- 
ster are on record as opposed to the or- 
der. The question became a national one 
about sixty years ago in at least one elec- 
tion for P'resident, and was likewise an 
issue in various contests for Governor, 
among the rest, that of Governor Ritner. 
of Pennsylvania, of whom the poet 
Whittier, in impassioned lines wrote: 

''Thank God for the token! — one lip is 

still free. 
One spirit untrammeled, unbending one 

kneel 
Like the oak of the mountain, deep- 
rooted and tirm, 
Erect, when the multitude bends to the 

storm : 
A\'hen traitors to Freedom, and Honor. 

and God, 
Are bowed at an idol polluted with 

blood: 
When the recreant Xorth has forgotten 

her trust. 
And the lip of her honor is low in the 

dust. 
Thank God, that one arm from the 

shackle has broken! 
Thank God. that one man as a freeman 

has spoken!" 

These lines were addressed to Ritner, 
'because of his message which arraigned 
"the ^^loloch of Slavery." \\'e now are 
pleased to call ourselves freemen, but 
are we not politically under the iron 
heel as completely as was the negro, 
when in a condition of bodily bondage? 



There is the difference, that we have 
placed ourselves just where we are, and 
continue there, because we choose to 
wear the ignoble fetters. It is my as- 
sured belief that the bosses who bear 
rule over us, are, as a body, "past mas- 
ters" in the arts of secrecy and duplic- 
ity, and that it is to the principle and 
the procedure of the oath-bound secret 
lodge that their proficiency in these un- 
worthy and unpatriotic arts is very much 
due. Pennsylvania's most prominent 
politician, an adherent of the order nam- 
ed, made the gift of a tract of land, near 
his Beaver Fall's home for a Freema- 
son's L'niversity. Let us be thankful 
that this scheme of ]^Iatthew Quay, so 
well calculated to perpetuate the bond- 
age of unhallowed secrecy and political 
slavery, has fallen to the ground. 

The state capitol is the one building 
above all others which belongs to the 
whole people of the state. Vtvy many 
of its citizens, as those belonging to the 
religious denominations of Lutherans, 
the Friends, L'nited Presbyterians, L'nit- 
ed Brethren, Free ^lethodists and \\'es- 
leyans. ]^Iennonites, and other German 
Baptists, believe that the institution of 
Freemasonry is not conducive to the 
real advancement of the Christian re- 
ligion, and that the obligation of its 
secret oaths constitutes a menace to the 
body politic. Hence, as a freeman of 
Pennsylvania. I protest that our Mason- 
ic masters de facto ought not to havr 
charge of the ceremony of laying tht 
cornerstone of the capitol building. 



ALLEGHENY MINISTERS PROTEST. 



The Pittsburg Dispatch of Septembet 
25 says that Jefferson ^lasonic Lodge has 
been invited to l^y the cornerstone of 
the Allegheny Third Ward school build- 
ing at high noon, Saturday. October 8. 
Seven ministers of the ward are opposed 
to it and think the members of the school 
board should have sole charge of the af- 
fair, and with that aim in view a petition 
signed by the ministers was presented to 
the school board Friday night, setting 
forth that the subscribers are opposed to 
a lodge of the ^lasonic order or any 
other secret organization laying the cor- 
nerstone. The petition stated that the 
Second Ward (Allegheny) School Board 



ISO 



CHIilSTIAN CYNO'SURE. 



October, 1898. 



had heeded the request of the ministers 
of that ward, and had not allowed the 
Masons to lay the cornerstone of the new 
school building in that very ward a year 
ago, and that if the Third Ward lay the 
cornerstone of the new building it would 
grievously oppress the 'hearts and con- 
sciences of the subscribers. 

The petition was signed by Rev. Ralph 
W. iNIcGranahan, of the Tenth United 
Presbyterian Church; Rev. W. E. 
Schramm, of St. Paul's English Luth- 
eran Church; Rev. E. H. Wischmeyer, 
of the German Lutheran Church ; Rev. 
J. W. Coleman, of the Allegheny Re- 
formed Presbyterian Church ; Rev. J. W. 
SprouU, of the Central Reformed Pres- 
bvterian Church; Rev. W. J. Robinson, 
of the First United Presbyterian Church, 
and Rev. J. M. Fenderson, of the A. M. 
E. congregation. The first fourteen min- 
isters appeared before the school board 
on Friday night. 

Rev. Mr. Schramm was spokesman 
for the delegation. He said among oth- 
er things that he was opposed to the 
Masons laying the cornerstone because 
it is a Christless organization, and he 
urged the members of the board to lay 
the cornerstone themselves, and by so 
'doing keep out an ill-feeling. The board 
listened to what the ministers had to say 
and then informed them that all arrange- 
ments had been about completed for the 
laying of the cornerstone by the Jeffer- 
son Lodge, and that the arrangements 
would not be altered. The ministers 
then asked that a copy of their protest 
be placed among other papers and docu- 
ments in the cornerstone, to which the 
board agreed. 

It is indeed strange that in cities like 
Allegheny and Pittsburg, where there 
are a score of large congregations whose 
discipline excludes Masons from mem- 
ibership, their comibined testimony 
should not ring out as the voice 
of seven thunders against this 
manipulation of state institutions 
bv a secret despotic power. No 
free born American citizen should tame- 
ly submit to the usurpations of this oath- 
bound despotism. Masonry is the most 
un-American and sectarian of sects, per- 
petually forbidding membership to wom- 
en and to the poor, maimed, and other 
unfortunates. There are twenty-five de- 
nominations, including Reformed and 



United Presbyterians, Lutherans,. 

Friends, Wesleyans and Free Method- 
ists, who believe Masonry is dangerous 
to both dhurch and state. These are all 
taxed for the support of this public 
school, and yet tolerate this Masonic sect 
to thus advertise themselves at their ex- 
pense. Their un-American and sectar- 
ian spirit was shown at the laying of 
the foundation of the Washington Mon- 
ument, which was a national undertak- 
ing, yet by secret m'Cthods Masons se- 
cured the distinction of laying the cor- 
nerstone, and covering its walls with 
their insignia, while the stone sent by 
Roman Catholics in company with those 
of thousands, sent by many classes and 
organizations, was broken up and 
thrown into the Potomac, without ex- 
planation. 



IS MASONRY AN ENEMY OF CHRIS- 
TIANITY? 



President John G. Fee, of Berea, Ky.^ 
writes expressing his sorrow at the 
course of the Christian Evangelist of Cin- 
cinnati, in trying to defend Masonry 
from the charge of being an enemy of 
Christianity. That journal quotes the 
following from the Church Progress of 
Cincinnati, a Catholic paper, accounting 
for the deplorable intellectual, moral and 
religious condition of the Philippine Isl- 
ands, Cuba and Spain: 

We, who are accustomed to the mild 
type of Freemasonry which prevails in 
America and England, cannot under- 
stand the virulence of European Mason- 
ry. European Masonry bears the same 
relation to infidelity that A. P. A.-ism 
bears to Protestantism. Its object is to 
crush out revealed religion, and the 
means used are political lodges, whose 
members alone are put into office. It is 
one of the mysteries of Latin poHtics that 
this should be true in France and in Italy 
as well as in Spain. But still this is true. 
These countries, inhabited by Catholics, 
are governed by infidels. Nothing is too 
sacred for these infidels to sneer at. The 
honor of men and the fame of women are 
by-words in their mouth. Their slan- 
ders against the clergy are worthy of the 
dirtiest preacher who ever preached for 
the beetle-browed. All these things have 
their bearing on the present condition of 



October, 1898. 



GHRISTIAjN CYNOiSURE. 



If.l 



affairs in the Philippines. * * * 
Spain began to send out infidels and 
Freemasons as officials to the colony. 
They began their campaign against re- 
ligion and morality. To-day the results 
of that campaign are evident. The Philip- 
pines lare lost to Spain and Spain may 
thank her rulers. 

The Christian Evangelist also quotes 
the following from the Gospel Messen- 
ger: 

Only those who have given special 
consideration to the subject are aware of 
the alarming increase of secret societies 
during the past ten years. The total in- 
crease is estimated at 250,000. In 1897 
the expenditures in benefit gifts and 
claims reached the sum of $640,000,000, 
while in transportation, fees, banquets, 
testimonials, regalia and convention ex- 
penses $250,000,000 more was spent. To 
these items the approximate sum of $12,- 
000,000 was added for the rental of build- 
ings and halls for lodge purposes, thus 
making a total of $941,000,000 expended 
in a single year by the secret societies 
of the United States. If we compare the 
last-named large sum with the amount 
raised annually for missions, $10,000,000, 
the question involuntarily presents itself: 
''What will the outcome be? Will the 
manifold and diversified secret orders 
finally crowd out the churches, even as 
they are now sapping their vitality?" 
These are questions of no ordinary sig- 
nificance. 

Over against all this the Evangelist 
puts the $640,000,000 paid out in benefit 
claims. It also calls attention to the 
lodges as causing the growth of the fra- 
ternal spirit and of the doctrine of the 
brotherhood of man. President Fee 
says: ^'Surely an institution that ignores 
the name of Christ in its official prayers 
and expurgates his name from scripture 
texts quoted in its rituals is an enemy of 
Christianity." Surely an infidel organi- 
zation that hates and denies Christ is an 
enemy of Christianity, even if it does con- 
tribute liberally to aid its own poor and 
cultivate a fraternity spirit among mem- 
bers of its own clan. This secret society 
benevolence is the counterfeit of Chris- 
tian benevolence which gives to those 
from whom it does not expect to receive 
in return. The fraternal spirit inspired 
by the secret lodge is simply organized 
selfishness, and is splitting society into 



selfish factions which are destroying the 
Christian unity and human sympathy 
which constitutes the cement of our so- 
cial structure. 



THE LODGE IN POLITICS. 



"The Modern Woodman," writes one 
of our Wisconsin subscribers, "boasted 
that they would carry our county elec- 
tion and did it, electing all but one offi- 
cial." The Sioux City (Iowa) Daily Trib- 
une quotes the following from the Clin- 
ton (Iowa) Herald: 

A number of low^a papers, w^hose edi- 
tors are members of the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, are protesting against the use of that 
order for political purposes. Those who 
have been attending the grand lodge for 
several years say at each session there has 
been some person who has been planning 
with his party friends to secure some 
State office. Often this has led to feeling 
in the order, for men favorable to con- 
testing candidates not members of the 
order feel the injustice, while those not 
politicians deplore the use of the order 
for such purposes. The Herald deplores 
the use of a good order for purposes for- 
eign to its fields of labor. It is bad for 
the party, and w^orse for the order. It is 
all the more worthy of comment and con- 
demnation because at least half a dozen 
past chancellors seem to be leaders in the 
prostitution of the order they should hon- 
or and uphold. 



Abbe Barrnel — In France they admit 
into this temple with equal indifference 
the Christian or the Jew, the Turk or the 
Idolater, in fine, without distinction of 
sect or relisfion. 



Dr. John Robison, LL. D. — I am par- 
ticularly struck by a position of Abbe 
Barrnel, "That irreligion and unequal 
Liberty and Equality are the genuine 
and original secrets of Freemasonry, 
and the ultimatum of a regular progress 
through all its degrees!" He supports 
this remarkable position with great in- 
genuity and many pertinent facts. 



Rev. W. T. Warnock, Laurel. Pa. — 
\Mienever you need any assistance along 
your line call on me and I will help you 
all I can. 



1S2 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURR. 



October, 1898. 



Rev. R. Armstrong's reasons why 
Christians cannot be Freemasons: "i. 
Because it strips a man of his manhood. 
It is deg-rading- for a Christian man to be 
led into a lodge room, half naked, blind- 
folded, and with a halter around his neck. 
2. Because it enslaves men. A Mason is 
sworn to obey the commands of the 
lodge. 3. Because Freemasonry pro- 
fanes the ordinance of the oath. It is a 
breach of the third commandment. It is 
taking the name of God in vain. 4. Be- 
cause it is dangerous to society. They 
are sworn to help each other, right or 
wrong. 5. Because it recognizes no re- 
ligion but the universal religion of na- 
ture. Masonic authority says: As Ma- 
sons we only pursue the religion of na- 
ture. Pagan, Jew, all unite in this; but 
to suit them the name of Christ must be 
dropped. Can a Christian go where 
Christ is purposely left out?" 



DEATH OF REV. E. B. GRAHAM. 



The death of Rev. E. B. Graham, late 
editor of the Midland, was to us a per- 
sonal 'bereavement. He died suddenly 
of heart failure at his home in Sioux City, 
Iowa, Sept. 7, where he was preaching as 
stated supply. Our association Vv^ith him 
began when Ave were students in college, 
and when around home in Iowa we met 
in social gatherings. Near the begin- 
ning of his first pastorate he was led into 
a conflict with secret societies, which in- 
spired him to write the book, "In the 
Coils, or The Coming Conflict." This 
book, in thousands of homes and Sab- 
bath school libraries, is a powerful factor 
in the reform against the lodge, and was 
the greatest work of the author's life. As 
editor of the Midland he became widely 
known as a keen writer and fearless advo- 
cate of prohibition, anti-secrecy and other 
reforms. No minister in his denomina- 
tion helped us so much when in the Na- 
tional Reform field. His rule was to 
speak at conventions if only his expenses 
were paid. He was a strong, popular 
platform speaker, and was our chief as- 
sistant in many a convention. May the 
Lord raise up more such self-sacrificing 
advocates of the truth. 



$ttthm' Wtsihmwm. 



Rev. Wm. C. Smith, an aged Presby- 
terian minister, who died several years 
ago at Perth Amboy, N. J., testified, 
while preaching at Lima Center, Wis., 
that he had been a Mason and a Knight 
Templar. And said he: "There are 
some who deny that in the Knight Tem- 
plar initiation the candidate must drink 
wine from a human skull. But I can tes- 
tify that when I was initiated as a Knight 
Templar I had to drink wine from a hu- 
man skull." 



Governor John P. St. John, of Caathe, 
Kan. — I received more than two hun- 
dred letters while I was Presidential can- 
didate on the Prohibition ticket inquiring 
how I stood on the anti-secret issue. 
Some I answered by letter and some from 
the platform. I was once a Freemason, 
but have given it up many years ago. I 
have not been inside of a lodge nor paid 
a cent to it for twenty-eight years. I 
have seen enough outside of the lodge 
and in the courtroom to satisfy me that 
it is wrong. Many years ago I went into 
a Good Templars' lodge, but there is no 
good in this or any other secret society 
which could not better be accomplished 
without secrecy. Any institution which 
will enable a man sitting in front of you 
to give a secret signal to a man sitting 
behind you to shoot the top of your head 
off is dangerous. 



The Ladies' Home Journal is one of 
the most readable magazines that come 
to our table. 



Captain J. D. Taylor, an evangelist 
now at the Moody Institute, writes: "Sev- 
eral years ago I saw a lake captain dis- 
charge a good man to make a place for a 
brother Mason. It was very unjust, but 
Masonry protects its own members at 
all costs. It was said of Jeff Davis that 
Masonry saved his neck, and doubtless it 
saves the necks of many criminals. Two 
gentlemen told me last Sabbath that they 
had taken thirty-two degrees in Masonry 
and had not heard Jesus' name once 
mentioned. I have been connected with 
the I. O. O. F., I. O. U. A. M., and the 
A. P. A., and have heard pronounced in- 
fidels, saloonkeepers, gamblers, preach- 
ers and church members all take the same 
oaths. What does God say in 2 Cor. vi., 
14, about being yoked up with unbeliev- 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



18.: 



ers? One night in the Oddfellows' lodge 
I saw a young man so overcome with 
fright when the hoodwink was taken of¥ 
in front of the ghastly skeleton that he 
had to be taken home in a state of un- 
consciousness from which he never re- 
covered. And such cases are not infre- 
quent. I know a number of ministers 
who belong to these devil-invented traps 
and who arrange special programs in 
their churches for the lodges, and then is 
it any wonder that these churches be- 
come cold-storage rooms? 



Bro. D. E. Miller, a student of the 
Moody Institute, writes: "Realizing my 
duty to God and man, and living only to 
please Jesus, I am persuaded to add my 
testimony to that of many others on 'Se- 
cret Societies.' I was made a Master 
Mason a year ago last January, taking 
the regular three blue lodge degrees of 
Lodge No. 309, in my home town, Frank- 
fort, Ohio. I was a half-and-half Chris- 
tian at the time, and did it more to help 
my business than anything else. I could 
not see anything in it at the time, al- 
though I pretended that I was much 
pleased and highly elated over it. It is 
nothing more than a farce from begin- 
ning to end, a lot of foolish forms and 
ceremonies. It would remind one more 
of child's play than the actions of sensible 
men. Nearly all the professed Chris- 
tians in the community belonged, and 
some are chief officers in the lodge. They 
desert the house of God any time to at- 
tend the lodge. It is a shame and dis- 
grace to the church, a stumbling block 
and an abomination in the sight of God, 
and I can prove it from the Bible. 

I have an unsaved brother, who is a 
32-degree Mason, and he calls it "his 
church." Well, it may be "his church," 
but I am sure it is not God's. It does not 
remind me much of a church, of even a 
cold, formal church. 

It has no true prayer, no testimony, no 
blessing, and, worst of all, it saves no 
souls and does not glorify God. It is a 
sham and a cloak for religion, something 
which pleases the devil and grieves the 
Holy Spirit. May God open the eyes 
of all the "lodge Christians" before Jesus 
comes, and then the lodge, the devil and 
all other things that ofifend will surely be 
cast into outer darkness forever. 



W\ct$ from tht 1?oDGe. 



The Holy Bible is given to us as a rule 
and guide to our faith. — Standard ]\Ia- 
sonic Ritual. 

The Jews, the Chinese, the Turks, 
each reject either the New Testament or 
the Oid, or both, and yet we see no good 
reason why they s'hould not be made 
Masons. In fact, Blue Lodge Masonry 
has nothing whatever to do with the Bi- 
'ble; it is not founded upon the Bible. If 
it was it would not be Masonry, it would 
be something else." — Chase's Digest of 
Masonic Law. 



The children were not baptized into 
the order. I wish it were possible that 
they could be, for I know of no better 
church than the Odd Fellows Temple. — • 
Letter from Dr. Fairhall, Deputy of 
Grape Creek Lodge, in "The Knight," 
Columbus, O. 

We have done what no other lodge 
has ever done. We have christened the 
children right into the order. Other 
lodges will do it. — Report of above bap- 
tism in "The Odd Fellows Herald," of 
Springfield, 111. 



Our ancient brethren dedicated their 
lodges to King Solomon, because he was 
our first Most Excellent Grand ]\Iaster. 
— ^Mackey's ^lanual of the Lodge. 

Such tales will surely sooner or later 
return to our hurt, as they ever should: 
" 'Tis true, 'tis pity, 
And pity 'tis, 'tis true," 
that even Solomon was no ]\Iason. 
With all his wisdom, great as it was, he 
knew no more of the mysteries of Free- 
masonry than did the beautiful Queen 
of Sheba, who came from afar to adore 
his wisdom and the temple he built, if 
not to love his person. — T. S. Parvin. 
Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of 
Iowa. 



A naughty person, a wicked man walk- 
eth with a froward mouth. He winketh 
with his eyes, he speaketh with his fe^t, 
he teacheth with his fingers. Froward- 
ness is in his heart, he deviseth mischief 
continuually; he soweth discord. Prov. 
6: 12, 14. 



1S4 



CHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



If you do not SCO \v hat you loant ask for it. 

Question — \\'hat is fne present num- 
btr of Freemasons in the United States? 
— \V. M. B. 

Answer — According to the last Grand 
Lodge reports, there Avere 750,000. 



Question — Have the Freemasons any 
proper authority for administering an 
oathx? If not why do they worry about 
breaking their oath? — J. G. 

Answer — The best authorities in both 
church and state testify that lodge oaths 
are extra-judicial, and consequently of 
no binding force 'whatever. Dr. J. R. W. 
Sloan e said: "Xo organization that has 
not a divine institution and authority 
from God to make him a party to its 
formation has any right to use his name 
or employ an oath as a bond of its exist- 
ence.'' 



Question — AAdio originated the order 
of the Eastern Star — R. A. ]\I. 

Answer — Dr. [Mackey's Encyclodedia 
of Freemasonry says that this female or- 
der of Freemasonry was invented by 
Robert ]^Iorris, but that some years ago 
it underwent a reorganization. The Xew 
York Sun, in 1895, claimed that a high 
3Tason, Robert 2\Iacoy, had a concubine 
or protege named Elizabeth St. John, to 
whom he gave his jeweled sword and ex- 
pensive paraphernalia of office before his 
death, and that she was Macoy's agent in 
reconstructing the order. The Sun also 
published that ]\Irs. St. John was after- 
v/ards arrested and committed to jail for 
vag-rancv. 



Question — \\\\\ you kindly tell us what 
it was that caused the revolt in the Philip- 
pine Islands? — 'C. E. B. 

Answer — The rebellion which broke 
out A_ug. 20, 1896, was provoked by the 
arbitrary banishment of 400 members of 
a secret society, combined with the ex- 
horbitant taxation of the people. 



Question — What is the real object of 
the Knights Templar Conclave in Pitts- 
burg?— \\'. C. L. 

x^nswer — It is mainly to glorify the or- 



der and captivate the unthinking masses 
by its pompous display. It has also been 
pubhshed that steps will be taken to es- 
tablish a headquarters for the order, and 
to effect a closer union with Knights 
Templar of other nations. We opine that 
it looks_ toward the establishment of an 
international world-wide secret empire. 



Ieiti0 of ©lit Pori 



The :\IontpeIier (\T.) Argus gave good 
reports of the Anti-Secret Reform Con- 
ference held in that city August 29, 30. 

This conference met in the Y. M. C. A. 
hall and held five sessions, with a good 
attendance, about twenty-five coming 
down from Barre. Members of various 
secret societies were present. 



Rev. J. M. Paris, of West Barnet, and 
Rev. J. P. Stoddard addressed the con- 
ference the first evening, and Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard the second. The Argus gave 
the main points in these addresses. The 
audience was given an opportunity to de- 
bate or ask questions, but were disposed 
to maintain a discreet silence. 



During the afternoon session Mrs. 
Rev. J. P. Stoddard read a strong paper 
on the influence of secret orders on the 
temperance cause. Rev. J. M. Paris dem- 
onstrated that the religion of the lodge 
was a false religion, as antagonistic to 
Christianity as was the worship of Baal 
in Bible ti-mes. Rev. W. B. Stoddard 
showed that when a man was asked to 
join the lodge he was told how it would 
help him in business or when traveling, 
etc., 3xt one of the first questions asked 
him on entering the lodge was if he was 
influenced by mercenarv^ motives, and he 
was expected to swear by all that was 
sacred that he was not. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard did very effective 
work in Boston previous to, and during, 
the Oddfellows' conclave in that city, by 
visiting the ministers' meetings and sup- 
plying them with a tract on Oddfellow- 
ship, showing that its sovereign Grand 
Lodge at St. Louis, in 1891, put a ban on 
the name of Jesus Christ by decreeing 
that it was unlaw :ul to make prominent 



October, 189S. 



CHRISTIANS CYNOSURE. 



185 



use of Christ's name in lodge work. Bro. 
Stoddard distributed these tracts freely 
in stores and houses. 



The meeting for the discussion of the 
Secret Lodge system, held in the Town 
Hall. Winchester, X. H., Sabbath, Aug. 
28, was attended by a goodly number of 
representative citizens and a select and 
appreciative audience. The able and in- 
structive address given by Mrs. H. E. 
Powers was listened to with marked at- 
tention and interest, at the close of which 
a call for testimonies was responded to, 
questions asked and answered. 



In writing of the ]Montpelier conven- 
tion in the Home Light, Rev. J. P. Stod- 
dard says : *'A number of ladies and gen- 
tlemen testified and took part in the 
'Free Parliament.' Rev. ]Mr. Lewis, pas- 
tor of one of the Montpelier churches, 
questioned some of the statements made, 
but did not deny the Knight Templar's 
fifth libation from a human skull — claim- 
ing that it was not taken as a sacramental 
service. AMien his attention was called to 
that clause in the ]^Iasonic burial formula 
where prayer is offered for 'mercy to- 
ward' the departed brother at 'the grand 
tribunal of unbiased justice,' he excused 
the craft by claiming that the formula 
was not 'ofiicial,' adding that a large pro- 
portion of Protestant ministers prayed for 
the dead, and stated later that he prayed 
everv dav for his dead children. If there 
is any truth in these statements it shows 
that Masonry is heading Protestantism 
toward Rome, and that Rev. iMr. Lewis, 
and others of like faith, are already in the 
coils of that wily system. About 150 
pounds of our literature was put into the 
homes and business places of the two 
cities of iMontpelier and Barre, which, 
with much personal labor, cannot fail of 
good results. 



A worthy pastor writes: 'T have one 
supreme test for a sermon, namely its 
eilect on my own heart. By a similar 
rule I find myself startled and stirred by 
the September Cynosure. What a pow- 
erful article is that of Brother Phillips, 
so conclusive in one part, so profoundly 
suggestive in another! A\'hy do we not 
get more signed matter from that pow- 
erful pen?'' 



The immoral influence of the lodge 
will be the subject of discussion in the 
next Cvnosure. 



Rev. S. F. Porter preached in the 
First Free iNIethodist Church, North 
^lay street, Chicago, on Sabbath, Sept. 
25th. 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard has recently 
moved from 215 44- street to mi East 
Capitol street, Washington, D. C. v/here 
his mail should hereafter be sent. 



We had the privilege recently of 
preaching twice in the Second U. P. 
Church, this city, Rev. J. A. Duff pastor, 
and in the Fourth V. P. Church, Dr. J. 
A. Collins pastor. 



The C. P. Synod of Iowa meei? at 
iMorning Sun, October nth. C)n \\'ed- 
nesday evening, October 12, Rev. I. i\I. 

Hamilton, of Reinbeck. will address the 
svnod on "The Evils of Secretism." 



The friends of our cause in Philadel- 
phia are planning meetings for fall and 
winter. The lirst gathering is expected 
in Bro. iMcFeeter's church about the 
middle of October. 



A\'e will also save you 25 per cent, 
from the retail price of any book sold by 
any publishing house, except n^t books. 
if you order them at the time you renew* 
your subscription to the Cynosure. 



Secretary \\'. I. Phillips, during the 
past month, has sent quantities of X. C. 
A. literature to quite a number of points, 
among which was to Bro. W. E. Suavely 
of Hudson, III, and to the General 'M^n- 
nonite Conference which met at Dan- 
vers. 111., Sept. 2S. 



Rev. S. F. Porter has returned from 
his summer's missionary work in Dako- 
ta in excellent health, though now in his 
eighty-sixth year. He preached a tine 
sermon on Sabbath. Sept 11, in the M. 
E. Church at Kingston. 111., and on Sab- 
bath, the i8th, he preached in the Con- 
gregational Church at Kirkland. He 
spent a profitable day distributing anti- 
secret literature among the officers and 
solcHers at Fort Sheridan. 



ISO 



CHRISTIAN CYXOiSURE. 



October, 1898. 



Rev. Tliomas ]\I. Chalmers teaches an 
interesting" Bible class every Monday 
evening at 8 o'clock in the Seventh U. P. 
Church, Chicago. Bro. Chalmers is an 
able expounder of the Word, and shuns 
not to declare the whole council. 



A strong address on the anti-secret is- 
sue was given before a conference of the 
German Lutheran Church at Crete, 111., 
by Rev. E. Pardieck, of the Augustus 
Street Church, this city. This address 
has been published for wide circulation. 



President Blanchard addressed the 
]\Iennonite General Conference at Dan- 
vers. 111., Thursday, September 29, on 
the subject, "'Christianity and the 
Lodge."' The address was heard with 
deep interest by a large audience. 

Rev. C. W. Whorrell, a Presbyterian 
pastor at Peoria, III, testifies that he is 
both a Knight of Pythias and an Odd- 
fellow. Said he: "There were two of us 
initiated in the Oddfellows' lodge the 
same night, and the other fellow was a 
saloonkeeper." 



You can order all your papers through 
the Cynosure ofihce. Write us what pa- 
pers or magazines you desire to sub- 
scirbe for in connection with the Cynos- 
ure, and we will send you the cost of the 
combination, and may be able to save 
you money. 



Rev. E. Zapf, pastor of the Maywood 
Lutheran Church, fortifies his young 
men against the lodge by assembling 
them in the church parlor and lecturing 
them once a week. The young women 
he also lectures once a month; a good 
example for every faithful pastor and his 
posterity to follow. 



It is arranged that the opening session 
of the Ohio State convention wih con- 
sist of an address of welcome by the pas- 
tor, Elder Hoover, and response by the 
State President, Dr. H. J. Becker. The 
program will also consist of an address 
by Bishop Milton Wright, Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard and other able speakers. It is 
earnestly requested that there be a strong 
rally of the friends at this meeting. Those 
who cannot come should at once write of 
their interest, send contributions to help 



to meet the expense, and pray earnestly 
that this meeting may result in a great 
awakening of interest in the cause. 



Rev. A. W. Malone, pastor of the Afri- 
can Methodist Church, Galesburg, 111., 
visited our of^ce in returning from his 
annual conference at Evanston, and pur- 
chased a good supply of anti-secret liter- 
ature. Elder Malone, ever since his con- 
version, has been a faithful witness 
against the secret lodge evil. His religion 
is of that genuine type that will not mix 
with any form of secret societies. 



President Blanchard lectured in the 
Mennonite Church near Hudson, 111., 
Saturday evening, September 24th, to 
a splendid audience. The next day he 
addressed three large and attentive au- 
diences in Hudson, showing the incon- 
sistency of professing Christians taking 
lodge oaths and obligations, and com- 
paring the religion of Christ with that 
of the lodge. Brother W. E. Snavely, 
of Hudson, writes that President Blanch- 
ard has a winsome and happy manner of 
getting at the very bottom of this ques- 
tion. Pie says he heard him address an 
immense^ audience on the secret society 
question at the Mennonite Conference 
near Carlock, 111., September 30th, with 
marvelous efTect. 



Rev. C. S. Smith, of Nashville, Tenn., 
is one of the most talented and influential 
ministers of the African Methodist de- 
nomination. He is General , Secretary 
and manager of its publishing interests, 
with his offtce at Nashville. He has a 
good opportunity of observing the dam- 
aging effect of the lodge upon the church. 
Some years ago, in addressing the Illi- 
nois conference at Bloomington, he said 
that the churches were becoming mere 
skeletons because their life-blood was be- 
ing absorbed by secret societies. This 
statement produced a sensation in the 
conference and brought some of the Ma- 
sonic ministers to their feet, but none, not 
even the bishop, were able to successfully 
rebut the charge. Brother Smith often 
improves opportunities of testifying 
against the lodge. 



Let the friends in Ohio who cannot 
attend the State Convention at Dayton 
send contributions to Rev.W.B.Studdard 



October, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



181 



Irom ©ur JMail- 



W. V. Herron, Germantown, Pa. — 
When we find the lodge so firmly settled 
in all departments of the government, it 
seems hopeless to battle with it. But I 
believe the omnipotent Jehovah will, in 
his own way and time, strike the blow 
that will annihilate this svstem of evil. 



Minerva Harvey, Pleasant Plain, Iowa 
— The Cynosure gets better. I think such 
striking proofs of Masonry as an evil 
system surely will open blind eyes and 
have a good effect. May the good work 
go on and the workers be abundantly 
blessed, is my fervent desire. 



Wm. Adams, Hillsboro, Ore. — I have 
often urged the friends of anti-secrecy 
to comply with President Finney's em- 
phatic recjuest of thirty years ago to take 
measures to ascertain and publish the 
number of lucrative olfiices in our gov- 
ernment that are in the hands of Masons 
and Oddfellows. I am satisfied if this 
were done a flood of light would be evolv- 
ed which would break the power of the 
lodsre. 



Rev. Cyrus Smith, Grand River, Iowa 
— Fraternity with a sworn or solemn 
pledge of secrecy as its bond of brotherly 
union is an illegitimate foundation for in- 
surance. Brotherly love on the Bible 
foundation is the only legitimate bond of 
fraternity. Secret fraternal insurance so- 
cieties are on the lodge foundation as a 
bait to catch the unwary and bolster up 
the iniquity which rejects Christ. 



John Helfrich, Larwill, Ind. — Since 
our agitation here, instead of the young- 
men joining the lodge, as formerly, they 
come to me for books and tracts in order 
to learn more about the subject, and I 
am convinced from what they tell me that 
the lodge has lost its grip on them. I 
have not heard of any one joining eit4ier 
the Masons or Oddfellows here for at 
least a vear. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard, Boston — I have 
just come from the Vendome Hotel, the 
Oddfellows' headquarters, where I saw 
some of the sovereigns of the mighty em- 



pire who were welcomed to our city by a 
representative of our Governor, and by 
our Mayor in person. These sovereign 
Oddfellows asked that our public schools 
be dismissed, and business suspended 
while they paraded the streets 25,000 
strong. The school board declined their 
request and many of the banks and busi- 
ness houses refused to close. 



Elder W. I. Hoover, Dayton, O. — I 
am of the opinion that to tell the people 
in a kind, Christian manner, the reasons 
why secret societies and Christianity are 
incompatible, will do good. The world 
respects a man for his convictions if he 
expresses them in a respectful and Chris- 
tian manner. The lodge is a great draw- 
back to the enlargement of our church, 
and I am sure of all churches. 



Mrs. H. E. Powers writes from West- 
port, N. H. : "From July 26 to Aug. 28 
I held five public meetings in churches 
and town halls, taking Cynosure subscri- 
bers and distributing many books and 
tracts. There is a call for parlor meet- 
ings, and I have secured names of promi- 
nent anti-secretists in various towns." 
We are glad to hear of the successful 
work by Sister Powers, and earnestly 
hope the New England friends will do 
all they can to arrange meetings for her 
and aid in her financial support. 



Rev. R. A. Boyd, Richmond, Kan. — 
The cause labors under the disadvantage 
that the great majority of those who hear 
the name of Christ and ought to be on his 
side are identified with secretism. I late- 
ly visited a picnic or log-rolling of ]\Iod- 
ern W^oodmen in Stafford. Three minis- 
ters were the speakers, with their badges 
on, and each exalted the lodge far above 
the church, in social character and neigh- 
borly conduct, and I have no doubt most 
of the members would prefer the lodge 
to the church. 

Elizabeth E. Flagg, Boston, ]\Iass. — 
The last number of The Cynosure was 
extra fine. I read it with the deepest in- 
terest from beginning to end. W. B). 
Stoddard's article does not put Prcsi- 
'dent ^IcKinley in any better light, 
though considering his lodge record, 
nothing in that line would seem very 



ISS 



CHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



strange for him to do. The devil seems 
to have the sinews of war on his side, to 
say nothing of press and pulpit. But he 
has not the entire monopoly, thank God. 
Here in New England we have some 
noble young men in the ranks who will 
be its strength and stay, I trust, in the 
years to come. God is calling out his 
chosen ones — and they are always a 
Gideon's band. 



Rev. E. W. Hicks, Toulon, 111.— The 
Roman Catholic "church" is a secret so- 
ciety, and should be shown no favors 
over any other secret society. It is the 
most ancient, most gigantic, most cruel, 
most dreaded of all such societies on 
earth; and has tortured and killed ten 
thousand times more victims than all 
other such societies put together. Its 
triumph in this nation would be more 
fatal than if every man became a Free- 
mason, as much worse as the old clerical 
rule of Mexico was worse than the Ma- 
sonic rule that superseded it. If this be 
so, why should a priest be praised for 
standing by his secret oath any more 
than a Mason should be under similar 
circumstances? Why make fish of one 
and flesh of another, and that other the 
most to be feared of the two? 



Mm Publications* 



The Preachers' Magazine has won its 
way to fame, so that few preachers care 
to be without it. Single copy, 15 cents; 
$1.50 per year. Wilber B. Ketcham, 
publisher, 7 and 9 West i8th street. New 
York. 



Editor J. M. Hitchcock, in ''Our 
Field and Work," displays a rare faculty 
of dishing out meat for men and milk 
for babes, and the whole richly seasoned 
with the condiment of original wit and 
poetry. It contains so many cute, crisp, 
pointed, practical nuggets of truth tliat 
one can scarcely lay the paper down 



without reading it through. 



Dr. Joseph E. Roy pays a touching 
tribute to the memory of his father and 
mother in a booklet recently published. 
The many strong traits of character illus- 



trated are a stimulus to any reader. The 
Doctor is right when referring to his 
mother teaching him to ask and answer 
every question in the Shorter Catechism, 
he says, 'Tt will be hard to beat the cate- 
chetical idea." 



The State Department has given over 
to the Ladies' Home Journal for publi- 
cation its "Royal letters" addressed to 
the President of the United States by Na- 
poleon I., Queen Victoria, the Prince of 
Wales, Napoleon HI., and Emperor 
William I. of Germany. Napoleon an- 
nounces such events as his marriage to 
Marie Louise; the birth of his son, the 
King of Rome; his return to the throne 
of France from Elba; Victoria announces 
her accession to the throne of England.in 
1836; her marriage to Prince Albert; the 
birth of the Prince of Wales; the death 
of the Prince Consort; and the famous 
letter thanking President McKinley for 
his congratulations on her diamond jubi- 
lee will also be given. The whole collec- 
tion, in fac-simile, will.be presented in the 
O'ctober number of the magazine. 



'THE WAR IN BRIEF. 



HISTORY OF THE WAR IN A FEW WORDS — CUT 
IT OUT AND KEEP IT. 



Feb. 15 — Battleship Maine sunk in the 
harbor of Havana. 

April 24 — Spain declared war. 

April 25 — United States declared war. 

July 26^Spain sued for peace. 

Aug. 6 — Spain accepts peace terms. 

Aug. 10 — Protocol agreed upon. 

Aug. 12 — Protocol signed at 4:23 
p. m. 

Duration of war — 109 days. 

COST OF THE WAR. 

United States — 503 men killed; 1,415 
men wounded; $122,000,000; one ship, 
$250,000. 

Spain — 2,312 men killed; 3,200 men 
wounded; $17,500,000; thirty-five ships, 
$36,000,000. 

Spain loses Cuba, Porto Rico and the 
Ladrone Islands — a total of 48,087 
square miles — a population of 2,325,000, 
not counting the Philippines, with an 
area of 114,326 square miles and 8,000,- 
000 of people. 



October, 1898. 



OHBISTIAN OYNOiSURE. 



189 







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190 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



The Christian Cynosure. "MUflSOn No. 2" 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Eutered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second class 
matter. _ 



The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
.ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E, Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept.), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 
(Friend). 

Rev. M. A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Wm. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business Manager, 
to whom all letters containing money and relating to 
the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 

The Cynosure is sent each month to 
forty-eight States and Territories, includ- 
ing* the District of Columbia. It also 
goes to ten different foreign countries. 
None, however, are sent to Delaware, 
Nevada or Alaska. Who will introduce 
The Cynosure into the last three coun- 
tries ? 




The Best Writing Machine. 

THE ONLY 

INTERCHANGEABLE 

STEEL TYPEWHEEL. 



ELEGANTLY ILLUSTRATED 
CATALOGUE FREE .. 



Address EDGAR A. HILL, Manufacturer, 

94 and 96 Wendell St., 
CHICAGO. 

HOW A LADY ^ADE $300. 

A correspondent says: I had no means of supporting 
mjf family and began ten weeks ago to sell Non Alcoholic 
Flavoring Extracts for the U. S. Fruit Co., St. Louis, Mo. 
[ have cleared o/er $300.00. The Extracts are in pow- 
dered form and meet with universal demand. All house- 
keepers prefer them because they are perfect y pure and 
stronger than the liquid extracts. My brother has taken 
up the work with me and is very successful. The XJ. S. 
Fruit Company will start any of your readers. Why be 
idle when you can make 3^30.00 per week? I give my ex- 
perience for the benefit of rther poor people. 



NEW PREMIUH!! JUST OUT!! 

The Balioi's Bool in lie Natina's Sclools. 

By ELIZABETH BLANCHARD COOK. 

Many Educators and Other Eminent Persons Have Contributed to the Value of This Eook. 



For this 



book, 
year- 



Address CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, 221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 

In cloth, 75 cents. Paper, 50 cents. With a subscription to the Cynosure one 
-cloth, $1.50; paper, $1.20. For one renewal and one new subscription, 
with $2.00, we will send this book in cloth free. 



President McKinlet, in acknowledging the receipt 
of this book, wcoty the author: "The more profoundly 
we study this wonderful book, the Bible, and the more 
closely we observe its divine precepts, the better citizens 
we w'ill become and the higher will be our destiny as a 
nation." 

Hon. Chables Emoky Smith, Postmaster General, 
writes: ''The right of children to the use of the Bible in 
the schools, and allied topics of the last degree of impor- 
tance for the enlargement and emolument of the destiny 
of our country, are ably presented in this book, making 
it a work of unique and burning interest to educators, 
jninisters, parents and all the youth of our beloved land." 



The Chicago Chronicle snys: "The book may fairly 
be said to be a very complete and earnest presentiition of 
the whole case, as" regards what is m w being done from 
a candid, non-sectarian point of view." 

The Baltimore American says : "The Chicago Wom- 
an's Educational Union has just issued 'The Nation's- 
Book in the Nation's Schools,' by Elizabeth Blanchard 
Cook, with an introduction by Newell D. Hillis, U. D. 
This book is a plea for the moral instruction of millions 
of public school children, and its brief, histor.cal and 
practical way of treating tlie subject of Bible reading in 
the schools commends it to thinkers and workers in ev- 
ery line of patriotic endeavor." 



October, 1898. CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 191 

The New York Weekly Tribune 




THE GREAT 



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AND VILLAGERS 

and your favorite home paper, the 

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THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



is a Specialty among publications. No other paper gives a 
thorough exposition and critical analysis of Secret Socie- 
ties. Send all subscriptions to 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, III. 



7,000 BICYCLES... 

Carried over from 1897 must be sacrificed 
now. New High Grade, all styles, best 
equipment, guaranteed, $9.75 to $17. 
Used Wheels, late models, all makes, $3 
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192 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1898. 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, 221 West Madison St., CHICAGO, ILL 



I 



standard Works 



r. 



-ON- 

SecfBt Soeieties 

FOK SALE BY THE 

KHTIOilliL CmtlSTIflH flSSOCIBTION. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 

TsRMS-.—Cash with order, or if sent by express 
Cc O. D. at least $i.oo must be sent with order a? 
a guaranty that books will be taken. Books ai 
sststii prices sent postpaid. Books by Mail 9-e at 
sisk ci ;v^r30QS ordering', unless 8 cents extra ^s 
Sent to pay for registering them, when tneir sate 
delivery is guaranteed. Books at retail ordered 
by express, are sold at lo per cent discouEi aad 
delivery guaranteed^ bist Eot express jp-ssd. ¥<m^ 
Bgs sSaiaps taken tm smsJil siffimi, 

ON FEEEMASONRY. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
Thr accuracy of these expositions attested by 

affidavits of Jacob O. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

)ages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 
complete expositon of tne Blue Lodge and 
;^hapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 
•iastrated. 

Knight Tentplarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c 
A full illustrated rif al of the six degrees of 
the Council and Commandery. 

Hand=Bo<}k of Freemasonry, 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Scotch Rite Hasonrj'^ 01 ust rated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1 .00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir:: 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, ana 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. 1 comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. 11 comprises the degrees from igth to 33rd 
hiciusive, with the signs, erips. tokens nnd pass- 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt, 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Ecce Orienti. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of t^e First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 
Candidate. 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Giving_the degrees of Mark Master, Past Master, 
Vr^* if-sr-^Uint Master ftnd Rav^t' Anh 

Knig.hts of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 
The Complete Ritual of the Commandery 
•Masonic Degrees. Knights of the Red Cross, 
•<.night Templar and Knight oi Malta, iith to 13th 



AIlyn*s Ritual of Freemascsiry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, $5.00. 
Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge. Chapter Council and Commandery, 11 of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Kev to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orange Societies'. 

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 
Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'ang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as "Freemasonry jiustrated." 

Richardson's Monitor of Freema- 
sonry. Cloth, $i.2v>; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only vfv incomplete but inaccurate- 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
f.s to the high r degrees it Tives but a desciiption 
and general idea of the degrees rather than tht 
full ritual. 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is- 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry r.".':r- 

trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 

quarter the price. 

Council of the Ories^t. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standi^rd Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in Cypner. 8th to loth inclusive. 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
'.e'l and Super Excellent Master. 

Noblles of the Mystic Shrlrse. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Slirine. Th'S is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on riiirty- 
v,ro degree Masons. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chns" 

tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pac^es* 

5C. 
Freemasonry Contrary to the 

Christian ReSiigion. By " Spectator," 

Atlanta, Ga. 16 pages 5c. 

Hon. Thurlow Weed on the Mor™ 
gars Abduction. 16 pages 5c. 

This is the legally attested statement of this 
eminent Christian journalist and statesman con- 
cerning the unlawful seizure and confinement of 
Capt. Morgan in Canandaigua jail, his removal to 
Fort Niagara and subsequent drowning in Lake 
Ontario- 

Freemasonry a Fourfold Con=- 
spiracy. 16 pages, 5c. 

Address of Pros. J. Blanchard. This is a most 
convincing argument against the lodge. 

Mah^Hah-Bone; 589 pages; ^i. GO 

Comprises the Hand Book, Master's Carpet and 
Freemasonry at a glance. 

ON ODD-FELLOWSHIP. 

Odd=feIIowship Judged by its owa 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
per cover, 25c. 

This is an exceedingly interesting, dear discus- 
sion of the charit ;ter of Odrt-fellowship, in theforui 
of a dialogue. 



^NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, 221 West Madison St., CHICAGO, H-L 



Revised Odd-fellowship Illustra- 
ted. Cloth, $i.oo: paper cover, 5octs. 

The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
ly illustrated, and guaranteed to be strictly ac- 
curate; with a sketch of origin, history and char- 
acter of the order, over one hundred toot-note 
quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree by ex-President J . Blancnard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the "Charge 
Books" furnished oy the Sovereign Grand Lodee. 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church. IOC. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
•all forms and. the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
;gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 

OTHER RITUALS. 

'Revised Knights of Pythias, Ulus^ 
trated. Cloth, 50c: paper cover 25c. 
An exact copy of the new official Ritual Adopted 

by the Supreme Lodge of the world, with the Se- 

•«ret work added and fully Illustrated. 

Knights of the Orient Illustrated. 

15c each. 

The full Illustrated Rit'ia 0, Ancient Order ol 
the Orieiit or the OrientaJ degree. This is a side 
degree conferred mostly a Knights of Pythias 
lodges. 

Good Templarism Illustrated. 25c. 

A full and accurate expjsition of the degree.s of 
the lodge, temple and council. 

Exposition of thf? Grange. 25c. 

Edited by Rev. A. W. 3eeslin. Illustrated with 
engravings. 

Ritual of tb« Grand Army of the 
Republic loc. each. 

The authorized ritual of 1868, with signs of re- 
cognition, pass-words, etc., and ritual ofMachin- 
ists' and Blacksmiths' Union, (The two bound to- 
.gether.) 

Knights of Labor Illustrated. 25c. 

("Adelphon Kruptos.") The com^ !ete illus- 
trated ritual of the order, including the "unwntten 
•work." 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20c. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
• degrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe. 

Red rien Illustrated. In cloth 50c. 

each, $2.00 per dozen postpaid. 

The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, comprising the Adop- 
tion Degree, Hunter's Degree, Warrior's Degree, 
Chief =s Degree, with the Odes, etc. 

The Foresters Illustrated. Paper. 

cover 25c. each, $2.00 per dozen. 
The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Forests 
-rs, with Installation Ceremonies. 

Uniteu Sons of Industry Illustra- 
ted. 15c. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the sec- 
ret tradesunion of the above name, giving the 
signs, grips, passwords, etc 

Rituals and Secrets Illustrated. 

$1.00, each. 

Composed of "Temple of Honor Illustrated, 
Adoptive Masonry Illustrated," "United Sons of 
Industry U'-'strateci," and "Secret Societies Illus- 
trated."^ 



MISCELLAI^EOUS. 

History Nat*l Cnristian Associ- 
ation. IOC. each. 

Its origin, objects, what it has done and aims to 
do, and the best means to accomplish the end 
sought, the Articles of Constitution and By-law: 
ot the Association. 

Secret Societies. Cloth 35c, paper 
15c. 

A discussion of their character and claims by 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

The Master's Carpet or flasonry 
and Baal Worship Identical. Bound 
in fine cloth. 400 pages. 75c. 
Explains the true source and meaning of every 

ceremony and symbol of the lodge. 

Disloyal Secret Oaths. 5c. 

By Joseph Cook, Boston. He quotes the law of 
Vermont which makes the administration of the 
Masonic oaths illegal. Joseph Cook's address is a 
national treatment of a national subject, and very 
valuable for reference. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 
D. Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 750. 

Finney on flasonry. Cloth 75c., 

paper 35c. 

The character, claims and practical workings of 
Freemasonry. By ex-Pres. Charles G. Finney, of 
Oberlin College. President Finney was a " bright 
Mason," but left the lodge when he became a 
Christian. This book has opened the eyes of 
multitudes. 

riasonic Oaths Null and Void: or 
Freemasony Self-Convicted. 207 

pages. Postpaid, 40c. 

This is a book for the times. The design of the 
author is to refute the arguments of those who 
claim that the oaths of Freemasonry are binding 
upon those who take them. 

Jud^e Whitney's Defence before 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 15c 

Judge Daniel H. Whitney was Master of the 
lodge when S. H. Keith, a member of his lodge, 
murdered Ellen Slade. Judge Whitney, by at- 
tempting to bring Keith to justice, brought on 
himself the vengeance of the lodge, but he boldly 
replied to the charges against him, and afterwards 
renounced Mason'^v- 

General Washington Opposed to 
Secret Societies. loc. 

This is a re-publication of Governor Joseph Rit- 
ner's " Vindication of General Washington from 
the Stigma of .\dherence to Secret Societies," 
communicated to the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania, March 8, 1837, at their special re- 
quest. To this is added the fact that three high 
Masons were the only perso iS who opposed a vote 
of thanks to Washington on his retirement to pri- 
vate life-undoubtedly because they considered him 
a seceding Freemasoa 

riorgan's Exposition, Abduction 
and riurder and Oaths of 33 degrees. 

304 pages, cloth, $1.00, 

** Composed of Freemasonry Exposed," by Capt. 
Wm. Morgan; "History of the Abduction and 
Murder of Morgan;" "Valance's Confession of 
the Murder of Capt. Wm. Morgan;" "Bernard's. 
Reminiscences of Morgan Times," and "Oaths 
and Penalties ot 33 Degrees." 

Oaths and Penalties of Freemason- 
ry, as proved in court in New Berlin 
liials. IOC. 

The New Berlin trials began in the attempt ot 
Freemasons to pre\'ent public initiation by seced- 
ing Masons. These trials were held at iVew Berlin. 
Chenango Co., N. Y., .April 13 and 14, 1831. an;-* 
General Augustus C. Welsh, sherif! of the countv. 
and other adhering Freemasons swore to the tv^ith- 
tuJ revelation of the oaths and idealities. 



^3^ 4^^ <3^ ^^^ <^^ ^5^ ft^^ ^5^ 



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WHEATON COLLEGE 

Wheaton, Illinois. 







^ CLASSICAL, SQENTIFIQ AND LITERARY COURSES ^ 

PREPARATORY SCHOOL— Fits for any College 

ART SCHOOL — Celebrated for preparing teachers 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

BUSINESS COLLEGE 



Terms Begin Jnly 5 aM Sent. 20, '88; Jan. 3 and Ajril 4, '99. 



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CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, Pres. 



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EVA MARSHALL SHONTZ, 



CONTENTS. 



Odd Fellowship and Morals 195 

Masonic Contradictions 196 

Ohio Convention Resolutions. 198 

Our Symposium— Knights Templarism , . . 199 

Knights Templar Conclave 199 

After the Conclave 201 

Knights Templarism . . 202 

An Immoral Institution 206 

Our Question Drawer. 206 

Editorial— True Morality 207 

A Bold Robbery 207 

Is Life Insurance Wrong? 208 

Died in the Lodge Room 208 



Verdict Not So Overwhelming 209 

Washington Not a Mason 210 

Washington and Freemasonry 211 

Promotes Anarchy in the State 212 

It Justifies Murder 212 

Secret Di'plomacy 213 

Mr. Ronayne's New Book 213 

Seceders' Testimonies 213 

News of Our Work 215 

Lodge iSayings 217 

From Our Mail. .219 

New Publications 220 



NATIONAL CHRlSTIflN I1880GIJITI0N. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the lawB of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. ^ 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Con- 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical, 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent, 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicago. 

The association is supported by the fre© 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon- 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Sec/etary— Mrs. Nora E. Rel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian . Cynosure— Rev. M. A. 
Onult. 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

T. B, Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
.r. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass., 
Rev. P. B. Williams; Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard. Wa»hliigton, D. C 



ferislliA 




"JesDS answered him,— I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, NOVEMBER, 1898. 



NUMBER 7. 



PUliLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHKISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
27.1 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TERPIS OP SUBSCRIPTION. 

PRICE —Per year, in advance. $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, iO cents. 

DiSCONTINUANCES.-Wefindthat a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therelore 
assumed, unless notification to disconlmue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontmue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 

for The Christian Cynosuke to be sent to 
Iriends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, t..nd to send no bill lor 
the t nsuing year. 



The New York State convention at 
S)'racu'se Nov. 28, 29. 



Subscribe for The Cynosure, and your 
protest is felt against the most dangerous 
foe of Christianity. 



Be sure and read on another page the 
notice of Bro. Ronayne's new book, on 
which he is now at work. Send him your 
name and a dollar. 



All friends of the cause in New York 
who are interested in a State convention 
are requested to write to Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Syracuse, N. Y. 



known as the Wakayama Jin- Kai, and 
among its members are some of the worst 
characters in the Chinese colony. While 
ostensibly organized for benevolent and 
social purposes, the members carr\^ a 
sword concealed in a cane or umbrella, 
and are bound by a code which compels 
them to obey unknown superiors. It is. 
well equipped as a school of assassins. 



A Japanese secret society has been dis- 
covered in San Francisco similar in its 
aims to the Chinese Highbinders. It is 



The Texas Grand Lodge of the 
Knights of Pythias, with a delegation of 
500 members, held its silver anniversary 
recently at San Antonio. A press dis- 
patch from that city says: "After the 
meeting had dismissed the entire delega- 
tion adjo'urned to the city brewery, to 
accept the hospitalities of President 
Koehler of the San Antonio Brewing As- 
sociation. They were regaled with 'beer 
and a bounteous lunc'h.' There were 
speeches of congratulation to the breAv- 
ery men and to the hospitality of the citi- 
zens. Last night the members assembled 
in the opera house, where there was given 
a grand entertainment in their honor. 
After the entertainment the members ad- 
journed to the Turner Hall, where they 
were tendered a dance by the Rathbone 
Sisters." This i^ in harmony with the 
declaration in the Supreme Chancell'or's 
address before the late Grand Lodge 
meeting at Indianapolis: "To my mind, 
the legislation in regard to what is com- 
monly known as the liquor question 
ought to be wiped ofif our statutes. It is 
constantly being evaded, and a great ma- 
jority of the people in large, cosmopoli- 
tan cities like New York, have no respect 
for it, and look upon it as a piece of hyp- 
ocrisy, buncombe and himibug." How 
empty is the boasted claim of this ordei^ 
to temperance and moralitv. 



194 



CHE-ISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



By subscribing for The Cynosure you 
line up on Christ's side of the greatest 



moral reform of the ages. 



Rev. Thos. M. Chalmers, Chicago : I 
am convinced that too long we have been 
dealing in compromises and fighting with 
evil. ]May not God at the end of his pa- 
tience be about to teach men that he can 
carry on a multitude of reforms at once, 
and thus rebuke the spirit that cries, 
"Only one reform at a time?" Miay he 
not crowd the liquor, lodge, labor and 
Romish questions all upon us at once, 
and so pressingly that we shall be com- 
pelled to settle all in one made whirlwind 
of conflict, that will rock and sway this 
rebellious world as never before? Call 
me no pessimist for predicting evil. The 
world never sinned with such a high 
hand, nor against such light, and the har- 
vest must be in proportion. Men are sin- 
ning under the electric blaze of divine 
truth, and they must suffer the electric 
bolts of divine wrath. And if God gath- 
ers his bolts into one siheaf of ripened 
fury, to burn up the sheaf of matured sins, 
who shall impugn his justice or stay the 
might of his avenging hand? 



Our War Department has narrowly 
escaped a great scandal, almost equaling 
the Dreyfus case in France. Captain 
Oberlin M. Carter, a West Point gradu- 
ate, and a prominent officer in the Army, 
was appointed by the President last fall 
on the Nicaragua canal commission, 
wdien he was ordered to be courtmartialed 
by Secretary Alger. The charge was 
conspiracy with contractors for work 
upon the harbor at Savannah, by which 
the government was defrauded of several 
million dollars. The trial was conducted 
in secret and lasted four months. He 
had the benefit of unlimited wealth, and 
the assistance of the ablest lawyers and 
influential politicians. Army ofificers say 
that both Secretary Alger and the Presi- 
dent went too far in concessions to the 
defendent. No wire was left unpulled, 
but the evidence against him was so clear 
that he was cashiered from the Army, 
iined heavily and sentenced to ten years 
imprisonment. What is remarkable 
about the case is the absolute secrecy 
Avhich has characterized all the proceed- 
ings, showing the unmistakable hand of 
the lodge. 



Freemasonry has developed into a 
great false religious system from trade 
unions of stone masons. As an illustra- 
tion of the evolution of a secret order in 
this direction we have the Carpenters and 
Joiners' .Union of Allentown, Pa., peti- 
tioning their national convention to pre- 
scribe for them a form of prayer and re- 
ligious ceremony. 



We heartily indorse the resolution 
passed by the late General Free Metho- 
dist Conference petitioning President 
McKinley to use his influence so far as it 
can be done consistently with justice and 
honor to retain the Philippine Islands 
under the control of the United States, 
thereby giving them the advantage of a 
free government, a free gospel, and the 
right to join the ranks of civilized nations 
in the march of progress. The resolution 
also declares that, under the government 
of Spain, the Roman Catholic church 
has had absolute control of the religious 
training, and the education of the inhabi- 
tants of those islands, to the utter ex- 
clusion of all Protestant missionaries. 



Count Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy 
has been in London since the 8th of Sep- 
tember, disguised, and living in a flat 
near St. James street and Pall Mall. He 
is the chief conspirator in the notorious 
Dreyfus case. In extenuation of ac- 
knowledged guilt, he says that what he 
did was done in unquestioning obedience 
to orders from a superior, and added, 'Tf 
I were ordered to take a gun and shoot 
my own brother, I would do so without 
hesitation." Such a sentiment proves 
the blotting out of conscience and the 
fearful state of morality under powerful 
lodge influence. During the French 
revolution the candidate was required in 
hi? lodge initiation, v/hile blindfolded, to 
lav one hand upon the warm, naked 
breast of his own brother, and, with the 
other hand to plunge a dagger into that 
brother's beating heart, while he piteous- 
ly begged for his life. If he stood the 
test and the warm blood trickled down 
his fingers, the bandage was removed, 
and he discovered that it was only the 
breast of a lamb he had pierced. By 
such hellish discipline are men like Ester- 
hazy trained to yield unquestioning obe- 
dience to their superiors. 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIiLN OYNOfiUiElE. 



195 



The way to be an all-around, true-blue 
reformer is well described by Elizabeth 
E. Flagg- in these w^ords: "Whittier's 
famous advice to young people to link 
themselves with some unpopular cause 
has been often quoted. And Mrs. Julia 
Ward Howe once said: 'There can be 
no happiness comparable to having 
taken up a noble cause when it \ras un- 
popular. I wdsh I had taken up twenty 
such.' I would go a step farther and ad- 
vise them to take up the most unpopular 
cause they can find, and the twenty will 
soon be added. I speak from long expe- 
rience in the anti-secret reform, conceded 
by universal consent to be the most un- 
popular of any. A cause of this char- 
acter is wonderfully 'inclusive and ex- 
clusive,' to borrow one of our lamented 
IMiss ^^lllard's happy phrases. It is sure 
to include every other reform, and ex- 
clude any waste of time in getting con- 
verted. Once the anti-slavery cause was 
the most unpopular, and when other re- 
forms came up it was the old type Aboli- 
tionist who was true-blue every time. 
Now it is Anti-secrecy. Strike a genuine 
anti-secretist, and you will find the same 
broadness and catholicity when a new re- 
form is presented — ^particularly if it is not 
a popular one. You can keep your am- 
munition for somebody else. The man — 
or woman, either — who has taken up the 
most unpopular cause of his, or her, time 
is converted to every other reform that 
can come upon the docket." 



ODD FELLOWSHIP AND MORALS. 



BY REV. J. P. STODDARD. 



Chicago's greatest hope of reforma- 
tion to-day lies in the devoted, enthusi- 
astic army of young people now being 
organized for war upon the rum power 
and other forms of vice. Their rousing 
mass meetings in the various churches 
and in Willard Hall prove that, while the 
enemy is coming in like a flood, the spirit 
of the Lord, through these young peo- 
ple, is Hfting up a standard against it. 
The President and leader of these young 
people is ^Nliss Eva Shontz. on whom God 
has bestowed the gift of faith and great 
natural and cultivated talent. We have 
known her from childhood as a guileless, 
earnest Christian reformer, with a heart 
full of sympathy for the poor and suffer- 
ing. Her remarkable faith and enthusi- 
asm is under Christ the inspiration of this 
young people's movement, which is mak- 
ing the rtmi power tremble. 



The sovereign Grand Lodge of Odd 
Fellows has come and gone. Its advent 
to our city was marked by Sabbath dese- 
cration. Its sojourn by a week of fes- 
tivity and its exit by a dance. Represen- 
tatives of President ^IcKinley, Gover- 
nor Wolcott and the Mayor of Boston in 
person obsequiously welcomed and eulo- 
gized the order, and the Grand Sire and 
his decorated colleagues trumpeted its 
fame loud and long. The spectacular of 
the occasion was a grand parade, report- 
ed 20,000 strong, in which of course the 
dignitaries reclined in easy carriages, 
while the men who paid the bills, tramped 
the rugged pavements. Every available 
niche along the line of march was crowd- 
ed with eager spectators, curious to see 
and hear what there was in this human 
menagerie. 

It recalled the interest awakened by the 
advent of the first peacock into the neigh- 
borhood of my Illinois home. The bird 
v\-as a new feature among the feathered 
bipeds in a pioneer settlement and old 
and young came from near and far to- 
witness the gaudy display of "Rara 
Avis." The grand ''strut" proved a fail- 
ure, for practical people soon learned 
that a common barn-yard fowl added far 
more to the comfort and wealth of the 
home than the bird of "fuss and feath- 
ers." Such is doubtless the sober judg- 
ment of many who contrasted the bril- 
liant pageant of the procession, and the 
gold lace, plumes and glittering dia- 
monds decorating sovereign function- 
aries of the Grand Lodge, with the in- 
dustrial masses moving quietly along the 
streets or plying those varied handi- 
crafts by which the comfort and wealth 
of our city is augmented by every stroke 
of honest labor. The Peacock Society 
lives upon vanity, cupidity and fawning 
political intrigue, while the unobtrusive 
assiduous toiler lays the foundation and 
steadily rears the civic superstructures 
of city. State and nation in which every 
patriotic citizen takes a freeman's pride. 

That the unthinking masses were cap- 
tivated is no marvel, but that the hench- 
men and barnacles of this order should 
have the effrontery to ask that the ordin- 
ary functions of government be suspend- 



19G 



OHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



ed, places of business closed and the pub- 
lic schools dismissed in their honor, is 
passing strange. What has this society 
done to merit a eulogy by Congressman 
Lodge, in behalf of the President, by 
Attorney General Knowlton in behalf of 
our Governor, and Mayor Quincy in be- 
half of Boston? They have formulated a 
semi-religious system, which is despotic 
in its government, debasing in its ritual 
and hypocritical in its pretentions of 
charity, and from which Christ's name is 
excluded by the genius and legislation 
of their highest court. They have barred 
their doors against every one too poor 
to pay fees and dues. They have be- 
trayed the confidence of numberless vic- 
tims, who have accepted in good faith 
their professions of benevolence. They 
have built up a titled O'ligarchy, with a 
military department, independent of con- 
stitutional government. Their Grand 
Treasurer reports an invested fund of al- 
most twenty-seven million and an annual 
income of nearly nine million dollars, 
with an expense in so-called charity of 
less than three and a half million, and a 
male membership of 829,608. They have 
cajoled the women into a side attach- 
ment called "Rebeka," where female 
members are denied the right to choose 
their own rules, forbidden representation 
by one of their number in the Grand 
Lodge, and subjected absolutely to the 
dictation of their sovereign lords, who 
must become members of this side de- 
gree as a requisite to seats in the govern- 
ing counsel. They have pledged them- 
selves and one another to partiality, and 
robbed Christ's body of members, means 
and spiritual power which she needs in 
the execution of her divine commission 
to evangelize the world. They have 
awakened suspicion and destroyed con- 
fidence among men, 'by unnatural, en- 
forced and criminal secrecy, and im- 
paired the harmony of every househo'ld 
to which they gain access. 

From their inception in a Manchester, 
England, drinking club in 1812 to the 
dance which climaxed their session in 
Boston in 1898, their history is charac- 
terized by self-seeking ostentation and 
egotism. A trifle less presumptous than 
the Free Masons, their orators did not 
claim to have erected the Egyptian Pyra- 
mids, but one of their Sir Oricles, Mr. 
Nelson, did exalt the order above the 



church in its aims and grand officials. 
After exploiting the valorous deeds of 
the '*boys at the front," claimed the 
''lion's share" in victories won and suf- 
ferings relieved. Upon this record of 
sullied honor, a record of fulsome boast- 
ing and artful deception, assuming both 
dignity and aims above the church and 
civil ggvernment, and claiming prestige 
in war and in peace and with effrontery 
of a painted harlot they ask to be recog- 
nized as the almoners of charity, the con- 
servers O'f justice, an example for the 
church in evangelism and up-lifting hu- 
manity, and the strong right arm of de- 
fense in times of national peril, and Bos- 
ton and Massachusetts hastens officially 
to do them honor. Nevertheless, it is 
unquestionably true that there are more 
than seven thousand in this city of the 
pilgrims who have not bowed the knee 
to Baal. But they are not the politicians 
nor men who account votes on election 
day the chief end of man. 



MASONIC CONTRADICTIONS. 



BY EDMUND RONAYNE. 



Our ^next subject for investigation 
must be the impious and sacrilegious use 
made of the names of the two Saint 
Johns in the Masonic system. When I 
look back upon my connection with Free- 
masonry and consider how stupid I must 
have been to allow myself to use in any 
sense the language of the Masonic rit- 
ual and especially in connection with the 
names of the two Saint Johns, I feel 
ashamed of my intelligence and can only 
deeply regret the folly that first led me 
into making application for admission 
into a lodge of Free Masons. Without 
any question I was "first prepared to be 
made a Mason in my heart," Hand-Book 
of Freemasonry, page 106, but equally 
certain it is that it was not the Holy 
Spirit of God who prepared my heart to 
receive the falsehood, the impiety and the 
thoroughly anti-Christian teaching of the 
Masonic ritual. The Lord Jesus de- 
clares concerning the office and work of 
the Holy Spirit in John 16, "When He 
the Spirit of truth is come He will guide 
you into all truth," but I was guided 
through the mazes of the pagan myster- 
ies of Freemasonry into all falsehood 
welded together with such terrible oaths. 



November, 1898. 



OHHXSTIAN OYNCSUKE. 



197 



and such horrible penalties of death, as 
would cause a Spanish Matador or even 
a Weyler to blush with shame. 

Again it is declared of the Holy Spirit, 
''He shall take of the things of mine and 
shall show them unto you. He shall 
glorify me," but instead of the Lord 
Jesus being glorified in or through the 
Masonic philosophy even the bare men- 
tion of His name is prohibited in any 
prayer or lodge ceremony, while His pas- 
sion, death, resurrection, ascension, ex- 
altation, priesthood, kingship, and com- 
ing again are simply regarded with con- 
tempt. No, the Holy Spirit has nothing 
whatever to do with Freemasonry except 
to admonish the children of God not to 
be "unequally yoked" with its ungodly 
and worldly minded members, but rather 
to come out from among them and be 
separated. The Holy Spirit always and 
invariably leads a man to Christ. Free- 
masonry leads a man aw^ay from Christ. 
The children of God are all born of the 
Spirit, the followers of Hiram Abifif are 
sworn under a death penalty. The chil- 
dren of God are baptized by one Spirit 
into one Body — the mystical body of 
Christ; but Free Masons are united to- 
gether by the binding force of horrible 
oaths, the promptings of a depraved con- 
science, and the ever-present fear of the 
death penalty. Without any question, 
then, the preparation of the heart for the 
reception of Masonic infidelity and pagan 
mummeries is not and cannot be by the 
Holy Spirit, but rather by the prince of 
the power of the air, the spirit that now 
w^orketh in the children of unbelief. Eph. 
2: 2. 

When a professing Christian, or a 
Christian minister appears at the door of 
a Masonic lodge, blind-folded, cable- 
towed, and semi-nude, and openly con- 
fesses himself to have been a long time in 
darkness, and that he now appears before 
the motley crowd inside, seeking the 
new birth, he surely cannot be led by the 
Floly Spirit, and he ought to know as 
much. And again, when on a subse- 
quent occasion he is informed with all 
imaginable seriousness by the worship- 
ful Master, who, possibly is a saloon- 
keeper or infidel, that Saint John the 
Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist 
were two ''eminent Christian patrons of 
Masonry," he surely ought to know that 
such an averment is not only historically 



false, but also that it is a gross slander 
upon the character and life and godly 
testimony of these two eminent servants 
of Christ. John the Baptist was the fore- 
runner of the Messiah and his testimony 
concerning the Lord Jesus was, "Behold 
the Lamb of God which taketh away the 
sin of the world." "He must increase, 
but I must decrease," and without any 
controversy or doubt, if Freemasonry as 
alleged had existed in his day, he was 
murdered 'by Free Masons, and, as the 
result of a wicked oath such as is now ad- 
ministered in every Masonic lodge in 
America, so that instead of patronizing 
the pagan blasphemers and the dance of 
death of the Masonic system, he became 
the victim of pagan vengeance and suf- 
fered the penalty of the Masonic oath. 

John the Evangelist, the beloved dis- 
ciple, was one of those selected by the 
Lord Jesus to be a witness of His trans- 
figuration, as also of His agony on that 
terrible night in Gethsemane. He, too, 
of all the other disciples was present at 
the Crucifixion of His beloved Lord, and 
he was one of the first on the day after 
the Sabbath to be a witness of His resur- 
rection, and to be the bearer of that won- 
derful message so full of tenderness and 
love, "Go tell my disciples and Peter." 
He "was in the isle that is called 
Patmos," he says, having been banished 
thither at the age of ninety years by the 
Freemasons — that is, the secret worship- 
pers in the mysteries — of that day, not 
for patronizing those mysteries, as his 
caluminators falsely allege; but "for the 
word of God and for the testimony of 
Jesus Christ," Rev. i : 9. What a vast 
difference there is between the John of 
Patmos and the Thomases, and Boltons, 
and Perrys and the rest of the horde o'f 
the Masonic preachers of the present 
time. His one unfaltering testimony was 
for Jesus the Son of God, and for the 
cleansing and redeeming power of His 
death and resurrection; while their testi- 
mony is always, indirectly at least, 
against the person and work of the Son 
of God, and on behalf of Hiram AbifY and 
the lying legend of the Master Mason's 
degree. 

No, John the Baptist and John the 
Evangelist were not "eminent Christian 
patrons of Masonry," as every well-in- 
formed Mason will testify, the Unitarians 
and iniidels of the lodge to the contrary. 



19S 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



notwithstanding; and both T. S. Parvin, 
tlie Past Grand Master of Iowa as well 
as the Grand Lodge of Illinois, may be 
quoted in evidence when they declare 
that he who now teaches such *'stuf¥" 
"sins against light and knowledge and 
ought to be excluded from the platform 
of instruction." See ''Master's Carpet," 
pp. 199-201. I bless God every day of 
my life, and I shall bless and praise Him 
through all eternity, that He not only de- 
livered me from the corrupt supersti- 
tions of Popery, but that He also, 
through the influence and power of His 
Holy Spirit, led me so marvellously out 
of the lodge and brought me to a knowl- 
edge of His redeeming love in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Oh, dear friends, be true 
and loyal to Jesus. He has been, is now, 
and always will be true and loyal to you. 
And in view of all that has 'been said, and 
can be said on this great question, it 
seems to me quite evident that no Chris- 
tian man who has ever been a Free Ma- 
son is as loyal to Christ as he ought to be 
unless he comes out squarely and re- 
nounces and exposes the oaths and other 
iniquities of the Masonic system. 



RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED AT THE OHIO 
CHRISTIAN REFORM CONVENTION, 
OCT. 24 AND 25. 1898. 



Whereas, The church of Jesus Christ 
is the light of the world and is thus the 
God-ordained instructor of the people, 
and, 

Whereas, The secret societies of our 
day are so influential by reason of num- 
bers and money power, as to produce a 
great effect on homes, churches, and civil 
institutions, therefore. 

We, the Ohio State Christian Associa- 
tion, in convention assembled at Day- 
ton, unite in the following declaration of 
belief concerning it: 

Resolved, That Christians everywdiere 
should compare the character and teach- 
ings of the lodges with the teachings of 
God's word, and with the character and 
teachings of Him who is the light of the 
world, and who spoke as never man 
spoke; whose life was free from guile, 
whose benevolence and good-will were 
impartial, and whose light was open and 
free as the sunshine. 

Resolved, That, since evil organiza- 



tions are nearly always Secret, secret so- 
cieties are justly open to suspicion, and 
till clearly proved good, must be consid- 
ered conspiracies against the interests of 
those not connected with them. 

Resolved, That we ask all Christians 
to study the national meetings of lodges, 
wdth their Sabbath breaking trains, their 
drunkenness and licentiousness, and to 
ask themselves whether trees bearing 
such fruit should not be cut down. 

Resolved, That a special effort be made 
to have a full representation of all anti- 
secret churches in the meetings of State 
and National Christian Association. 

That, in order to this end, the leading 
ofBcials of these churches be conferred - 
with and requested to appoint by such 
methods as their rules or customs direct, 
one or more delegates from each Synod,. .\ 
Presbytery, or Conference, and that the | 
expenses of such delegates be provided 
by the bodies from wdiich they are sent; 
and that Bro. W. I. Phillips, General 
Secretary of the National Christian As- 
sociation, be requested to bring this mat- 
ter to the notice of those in sympathy 
with our movement. 

Resolved, That in our opinion a secre- 
tary o^f this State Association should be 
appointed for each anti-secret church in 
the State, whose duty it shall be to com- 
municate with the local and State con- 
ventions of his denomination to secure 
action from them against lodges and at- 
tendance of delegates at the meetings of 
this and other like associations. 

Resolved, That we urge all denomina- 
tions which are in sympathy with the 
anti-secrecy movement to more constant- 
ly and more earnestly present to their 
readers the great disparity existing be- 
tween the teachings of the lodge and the 
religion of Jesus Christ, in this way show- 
ing the evil tendency of the lodge sys- 
tem, and we recommend that such ar- 
ticles find a place in all their Sunday 
school literature, as well as in their regu- 
lar church organs. 

Resolved, That at this time the minor 
secret orders are deserving of special at- 
tention, as, by their professions of inter- 
est in the temperance cause, the welfare 
of the nation, and the care of widows and 
orphans, they are gathering millions of 
hard-earned dollars and sweeping thou- 
sands of men who would never unite with 



NoTemlDer, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



199 



the Masons, Jesuits, or Oddfellows into 
the secret society movement. 

Resolved, That secret organizations 
are simple exhibitions of human selfish- 
ness Vv^hich, injurious when purely indi- 
"vidual, become far more powerful for 
■evil when organized into a system, and 
•enforced by secret obligations. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this As- 
sociation are heartily due to the pastor 
and members of this church and to other 
friends who have united to make our 
present gathering so pleasant and help- 
ful, and that upon each and all of them 
we invoke the covenant blessing of God. 

C. A. Blanchard, 
Milton Wright, 
S. F. Springer, 

D. D. Wine, 
Isaac Frantz, 



KNIGHTS TEMPLARISSrI. 

KNIGHTS TEMPLAR CONCLAVE. 



WILLIAM WISHART, D. D. 



The Twenty-seventh Conclave of the 
Knights Templar of the United States 
took place in Pittsburg, Oct. lo to 14. 
Large and expensive preparations were 
made in the city for the reception and en- 
tertainment of this conclave. The streets 
were brilliantly decorated with an exu- 
berance of banners, emblems and proc- 
lamations in large letters of "Welcome, 
Sir Knights." A considerable number 
of the commanderies of these knights ar- 
rived on the Sabbath and the ceremony 
of receiving and escorting them to their 
places of lodging took place on that day, 
and a large number arrived on Monday, 
having spent the Sabbath in traveling 
thither. This was certainly not accident- 
al, but by previous arrangement. Our 
daily papers occupied a large portion of 
their space with laudatory descriptions of 
this order of knights and with eulogistic 
references to their oiificers, who were al- 
ways designated by their bombastic ti- 
tles, such as right eminent and grand 
commander, most eminent grand Master 
of grand encampment, very eminent 



Rev. grand prelate of the grand encamp- 
ment, etc. 

The conclave marched on Tuesday, in 
military array, with flying banners and 
martial music, in view of thousands of 
spectators. A grand banquet was ten- 
dered to the Grand Master and members 
of the Grand Encampment on Wednes- 
day evening, at which, it is said, that one 
thousand guests of knightly and queen- 
ly women were present and participated. 
Wine, a large quantity of which had been 
brought from California for the accom- 
modation of the Sir Knights, flowed 
abundantly. And finally the members of 
the conclave finished their program of 
duties and privileges in this city on 
Thursday evening by a public ball, which, 
in order to accommodate all who desired 
to participate in such enjoyment, was 
carried on in three or four different 
places, one of them being the court 
house. Thus jolly fellowship, parade, 
banquet and dance constituted the exer- 
cises of these most eminent and grand 
sir knights during their stay in our city. 

Now, in view of this remarkable con- 
clave, and the gran(J welcome and costly 
entertainment tendered to it by the Chris- 
tian city of Pittsburg, it seems seasonable 
and pertinent to inquire. Who are these 
Knights Templar? What is their char- 
acter as an order or association of men? 
We answer in the language of John Q. 
Adams: ''A secret society of mysteri- 
ously concerted operation and porten- 
tious power, of strangely mingled royal 
and priestly titles, with fanatical fooleries 
of attire and pageantry, of ostentatious 
devotion, and hidden carousals." The 
Knight Templar is the second of the de- 
grees of chivalry and the eleventh of the 
degrees of Masonry in the American rite, 
or in the Masonic system as practiced in 
this country. Hence no man can be- 
come a Knight Templar until He has 
passed through all the ten lower degrees, 
and has assumed the obligations imposed 
in these degrees. All regular assemblies 
of Knights Templar are called command- 
eries, their State assemblies are grand 
commanderies, and their national assem- 
bly, which meets once every three years, 
is called the grand encampment. Grand 
Master Thomas of Baltimore, in his ad- 
dress to the fraternity at Pittsburg, stated 
that the grand encampment now repre- 



>00 



OHROLSTIiAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



sents forty-five grand commanderies, 
over i,ooo subordinate commanderies 
and more than 150,000 members. 

Here, then, is a large miUtary organi- 
zation in the United States, but it has no 
commission from the government; it is 
not responsible to the government, nor 
can it be called into public service by the 
government in time of war or public 
danger. All its authority is from itself, 
and its responsibility to itself, and there is 
no known purpose or design for which 
it is necessary. It seems to be an organi- 
zation that is not for use, but for show 
and display. Its members, in their initia- 
tion into this order, ''promise and swear 
that they will wield their sword in de- 
fense of innocent virgins, destitute wid- 
dows and helpless orphans, the Chris- 
tian religion." But this is the preroga- 
tive and business of the government of 
the United States as the ordinance of 
God for good. God has not put the sword 
into the hand of any voluntary associa- 
tion, but into the hand of the govern- 
ment instituted by himself, for the de- 
fense of virgins, widows, orphans and the 
Christian religion. 

These Knights Templar profess to be 
a Christian order and trace their origin 
to the time of the Crusades. They claim 
identity with an order of the same name 
which was formed at Jerusalem, A. D. 
1 1 18. It is said to have been an oath- 
bound and secret order, or it was a 
Catholic order or a fraternity which acted 
under the sanction and authority of the 
Pope. Its Christianity was of that semi- 
pagan, superstitious and cruel type which 
characterized that period. It was intend- 
ed to defend and support the cause of 
Christianity by force of arms, to have in- 
spection over the public roads, and to 
protect the pilgrim.s who come to visit 
Jerusalem against the insults and barbar- 
ity of the Moslems. Mosheim informs us 
that ''this order acquired by the valour 
of its knights immense riches and an emi- 
nent degree of military renown; but as 
their prosperity increased, their vices 
were multiplied and their arrogance, lux- 
ury and inhuman cruelty rose at last to 
such a monstrous height that their privi- 
leges were revoked and their order sup- 
pressed with the most terrible circum- 
stances of infamy and severity, by a de- 
cree of the Pope and of the council of 



Vienna," Mosheim's Church History^ 
Vol. I., page 302. This took place in the 
early part of the fourteenth century. But J 
Albert G. Mackey affirms that though 1 
the order was at that time suppressed, 
yet it was not totally annihilated, but was. 
perpetuated by an uninterrupted succes- 
sion of Grand Masters from that period: 
to the present. See Mackey's Lexiconi 
of Freemasonry, page 265. 

_ It is evident, however, that if the Chris- 
tianity of this medieval order of knights 
was semi-pagan, false and spurious, that 
of their successors at the present time- 
is no better. Nay, it is simply a profane-, 
perversion, a sacrilegious travesty of 
Christianity. It is like the Christianity of 
those vagabond Jews who were engaged 
in the business of casting out devils by 
incantations and charms, but perceiving 
that Paul could more efficiently and suc- 
cessfully cast them out in the name of 
Christ, concluded that they could make 
their business m.ore popular and profit- 
able by using the name of Christ, and so^ 
"took upon them to call over them which 
had evil spirits, the name of the Lord 
Jesus, saying we adjure you by Jesus,, 
whom Paul preacheth," Acts xix., 13. 
These Knights Templar name the name 
of Christ, but do not depart from iniqui- 
ty. They profess that they know him, 
but in works they deny him, being abom- 
inable and disobedient and unto every 
good work reprobate. 

They are open violators of the Lord's- 
day; they are mighty to drink wine and 
men of strength to mingle strong drink;, 
they are not ashamed to mingle in the 
giddy whirl and dissipation of the ball 
room and the dance; they reject the name 
of Christ from all the lower degrees of 
the lodge, till they come up to that of 
the Knights Templar, and certainly it is 
legitimate to infer that they use His name 
in this degree, not for the promotion of 
His cause and His glory, but for their 
own private ends. It would be interest- 
ing and seasonable at the present time to 
call attention to the oaths and obliga- 
tions of this order of Knights Templar, 
especially in their relation to civil society 
and civil government, but it would re- 
quire more space than we wish to occupy 
at present. 

365 California ave., Allegheny, Pa. 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTlJLN OYNOSUiRE. 



201 



AFTER THE CONCLAVE. 



All Pittsburg and Allegheny are cry- 
ing out, "Great is Diana of the Ephesi- 
ans!" If the apostle Paul could have 
come to our hospitable cities and beheld 
all the emblems of the ''cross and crown" 
linked to this blazonry, pomposity and 
inordinate display of imagery, oriental 
symbolism and heathenish paganism, he 
Avould have no doubt pressed his way- 
through the crowd and, standing up, as 
he did on Mars Hall, would have 
spoken: *'Ye men of Pittsburg, I per- 
ceive that in all things ye are too idola- 
trous. For as much, then, as we are the 
offspring of God, we ought not to think 
that the Godhead is like unto gold, or 
silver, or stone, graven by art and man's 
device. And the times of this ignorance 
God winked at, but now commandeth all 
men everywhere to repent. Because He 
hath appointed a day in which He will 
judge the world in righteousness by that 
man whom He hath ordained; and He 
that sacrificeth unto any God save unto 
the Lord only, he shall be utterly de- 
stroyed. Confounded be all that serve 
graven images, that boast themselves of 
idols." 

Let me quote the first sentences in yes- 
terday's morning paper, one which is 
considered "quite Christian," because it 
publishes no Sunday edition and other- 
wise gives liberal notices of religious 
matters: "Never was a more royal wel- 
come extended to the followers of the 
'cross and crown' than that being ten- 
dered the Knights Templar by the citizens 
of Pittsburg. The hospitality of the Iron 
C^ity is known the world over, but the 
demonstration of the present establishes 
a social precedent — one that will stand 
for all time." I have been having a Bible 
reading in my study this afternoon. The 
echo of distant music informed me that 
the great conclave of Templars and Ma- 
sons were moving in procession along 
Forbes street, three squares from here. 
My study was on the line of this idolatry. 
Millions of dollars have been spent on 
this festival. The "cross and crown" are 
displayed everywhere. Our cities are 
aroused. Addresses of welcome are 
printed in the newspapers in Hebrew, 
Chinese, Polish and other languages. 
How many precious, immortal souls will 
be w^on for God and for Christ through 



the instrumentality of all these Sir 
Knights, high priests, double past grand 
masters, etc.? How much salvation 
from sin will come to dying, perishing 
souls through the efiforts of these follow- 
ers of the "cross and crown?" 

Our courthouse, high school and other 
places have been turned into ballrooms 
and banquet halls. I am a converted 
Jew. My Savior found me in the world 
of sin and satan. I used to like such 
things; but my Christ told me, "Go take 
up thy cross, deny thyself and follow 
me." The Christianity of Jesus Christ 
definitely separates us from the pleas- 
ures that are in the world. "Love not 
the world, neither the things that are in 
the world. If any man love the world, 
the love of the Father is not in him. For 
all that is in the world, the lust of the 
flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the 
pride of life is not of the Father, but of 
the world." The religion of the Lord Je- 
sus Christ is established in the hearts of 
his true follower, and not in uniforms, 
regalias, badges and feathers. I praise 
God for having this rehgion taught in the 
word; and the Holy Spirit has taken the 
world out of me. I am amazed to see so 
many ministers of the gospel of Christ 
belong to this conclave body. I do not 
understand their position, and how they 
dare obligate themselves to such a mem- 
bership and become tangled in this kind 
of paganism. 

An Allegheny sister, who has been an 
Episcopalian for twenty years and be- 
longs to the largest church of this body 
in this city, and w'here the Knights held 
services last Sabbath, was quite enthu- 
siastic over the coming conclave. She 
came under the influence of the power of 
the gospel several weeks ago as the Lord 
gave me utterance while preaching on 
the Holy Ghost. She and her young 
daughter came forward seeking the Holy 
Spirit. The Lord answered their pray- 
ers and gave them a happy Christian ex- 
perience. Last week I called on the fam- 
ily and found the mother much exercised 
about the coming to town of all these 
representatives of the "cross and crown" 
and so many Christians would join in the 
conclave. I opened up the scriptures to 
her and explained the simplicity of the 
doctrines of Christ; of His "blotting out 
the handwriting of ordinances that was 



202 



OHRISTIiAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



against us, which was contrary to us, and 
took it out of the way, naiHng it to the 
cross; and 'having spoiled principalities 
and powers. He made a show of them, 
open, triumphing over them in it. 
Wherefore, if ye be dead with Christ, 
from the rudiments of the world, why, 
as though living in the world, are ye sub- 
ject to ordinances? Touch not, taste not, 
handle not. Set your affections on things 
above, not on things on the earth. For 
ye are dead, and your life is hid with 
Christ in God. When Christ, who is our 
life, shall appear, then shall ye also ap- 
pear wdth Him in glory." 

She referred to King Solomon as hav- 
ing been a Freemason and about the 
hoary age of this order. I referred to 
these scripture texts, which I believe set- 
tled Solomon's claim on Freemasonry. 
"For Solomon went after Ashtoreth, the 
goddess of the Zidonian, and after Mil- 
colm, the abomination of the Ammon- 
ites. And Solomon did evil in the sight 
of the Lord and went not fully after the 
Lord as did David, his father." She con- 
fessed that her great idol had been shat- 
tered. 

May the Christian people realize 
whither they are drifting. May the study 
of the word of God penetrate the great 
darkness which is still like a heavy pall 
upon the people until the day dawn, and 
the day star rise in your hearts." 

Maurice Ruben, 
Missionary Evangelist to the Jews of 

Pittsburg. 



KNIGHTS TEMPLARISM. 



Some say that Knights Tempkrism is 
pledged to the principles of the Christian 
religion. There is one pledge to wield 
a sword in its defense, but this only a 
vain flourish to deceive the unwary. To 
base on it the claim that they are pledged 
to the doctrines of Christianity in spite of 
their third degree afh-liation is to deceive 
and to declare a profane falsehood. Or- 
dinary dishonesty whitens into honesty 
by comparison, and even profane swear- 
ing ceases to be very irreverent. And as 
for honor, if this passes its test, there is 
nothing in this world that is not honor- 
able. 



Ezra A. Cook — No careful observer 
will fail to see that Satanic ingenuity 
could scarcely have contrived ceremo- 
nies better calculated to completely ter- 
rorize and enslave souls and prepare 
them to do his bidding. * * * As 
soon as the Christian public realize what 
a hideously blasphemous, heaven defy- 
ing order is in their midst, professedly a 
defense of Christianity, nay, more, pro- 
fessing to be intensely Christian, we be- 
lieve a certain destruction awaits the or- 
der of modern Knights Templar. 



It is significant that at the recent 
Knights Templar conclave in Pittsburg,, 
the two cities bidding the highest for the 
next conclave in 1901 were Louisville and 
Miiwaukee, the two strongholds of the .| 
liquor traffic. The first ballot resulted in | 
seventy-five in favor of Louisville and 
fifty-two for Milwaukee. The following 
was the result of the election of ofTficers: 
Grand Master, Reuben H. Lloyd, of San 
Francisco; H. B. Stoddard, of Texas, 
Deputy Grand Master; G. M. Moulton, 
Grand Generalissimo, Chicago; H. W. 
Rugg, Grand Captain General, Provi- 
dence, ^. I. ; W. B. Melish, of Ohio, 
Grand Senior Warden. 



A New England pastor: The Wo- 
man's Christian Temperance Union re- 
gards the interests of the home and finds 
an enemy of the ho'me in the saloon. Ev- 
ery friend and helper of the saloon, there- 
fore, must be an enemy of the home, and 
so, practically an enemy of the white rib- 
bon. Such an enemy of the white rib- 
bon is the white apron. In other words, 
the Masonic or Templar Lodge is prac- 
tically and effectively an adversary of the 
W. C. T. U. As by every similar gather- 
ing,, this was illustiiated by the Knights 
Templar conclave in Boston in 1895. I^ 
addition to the immense supply of liquor 
already there, the Knights themselves 
made a vast importation. Even this 
year, when the Knights seemed, to some 
extent, on their good behavior, drinking 
and debauchery were, as a mere matter 
of course, features of the occasion. Go- 
ing ''from labor to refreshment," has beeij 
a natural thing for lodges since the time 
the first grand lodge was formed in a 
London tavern. 



November, 1898. 



ohristiajN cynosure. 



203 



An exchange denounces us as void of 
'Christian charity because we would rule 
Knights Templars out of the church. But, 
brethren, if you knew there were in your 
congregation some mem^bers who be- 
longed to a secret brotherhood which 
imposed an oath or imprecation of 
double damnation on their souls if they 
revealed its secrets ; if you knew that this 
dark brotherhood mocks and profanes 
the Passover by pretending to eat the 
Paschal Lamb in their feasts; and that, 
too, when some of their members are 
hardened saloonkeepers, would you not 
beseech your brethren to come out from 
such horrors and associations, and would 
you not thank God that an association 
like the N. C. A. is Hfting up a standard 
.asrainst such fearful abominations? 



James P. Head — Only a few days ago 
;a statement of the condition of the 
Knights Templar in the United States 
was made public, which is not creditable 
to it. Last year, according to the re- 
port of the Grand Recorder, 6,995 men 
were knighted. Against this increase, 
1,789 were demitted, 64 suspended for 
non-payment of dues, and 67 were ex- 
pelled, the loss aggregating 3,989, or 
more than one-half the increase. Allow- 
ing the net increase to be 3,000 mem- 
bers, the average increase to the 998 
commanderies would give to each one 
about three new members. In spite of 
all the unprecedented favors by munici- 
pal corporations and the press, given to 
this twenty-seventh Triennial Conclave, 
the order does not grow. 



The Encyclopedia Britannica says: 
"With wealth, the Knights Templar ac- 
quired a taste for luxury; thence carne 
many vices, and one of them, which is 
generally the source of those that are 
w^orse, was alluded to in the popular 
proverb: 'He tipples like a Templar.' 
They became oppressors rather than pro- 
tectors, especially in the Holy Land; re- 
nounced allegiance to the Patriarch of 
Jerusalem and waged war even against 
Christian sovereigns. They were the op- 
ponents rather than the allies of Freder- 
ick H., in the celebrated Crusade of 
which that German monarch was the 
head, and the partial failure of which was 
among the least of the treacheries of the 
Templars." 



The United Presbyterian says, on the 
Sabbath preceding the conclave, many 
sermons were preached by visiting min- 
isters and resident pastors in praise of 
the order, claiming that they had done, 
and were doing, much to honor the cross 
and to promote the religion of Jesus. Is it 
an evidence of Christian faith to violate 
the Sabbath by excursions, to spend the 
nights in dancing, and to indulge in ban- 
quets in which wines and liquors are free- 
ly used and intoxication is not unknown? 
What has the order of Knights Templar 
done for missions at home or abroad? 
Have they published Bibles, established 
schools and sustained missionaries? 
They are charitable to their own mem- 
bers who have paid their dues. This is 
not the Christian charity which is to be 
exercised to those in greatest need. 



Rev. W. H. Chandler, W^heaton, 111.: 
Take the Boston conclave as an exam- 
ple of the evil tendency of the secret fra-. 
ternity of Knights Templar. It was "the 
cream of Masonry," as a brother says. 
If so, then what must the skim milk be? 
An eye witness says: ''Rum punch and 
champagne pundh flowed freely." Many 
of the commanderies kept open house to 
all comers. Wbisky, gin, sherry and 
other liquors w^ere consumed on a large 
scale and there was carousing on every 
hand. The fallen woman was there in 
large numbers and plied her trade with- 
out hindrance, showing conclusively the 
presence of a large number of equally 
fallen men. Rev. J. P. Stoddard wrote of 
it: "There were records over which angels 
might -weep, and from which every virtu- 
ous man and woman .must turn with ag- 
ony too deep for expression." The head 
of the order in Massachusetts, and the 
man \Vho took the lead in the honors of 
the occasion, was Medford Lawrence, a 
distiller, who sends thousands of barrels 
of rum yearly to Africa. "Evil communi- 
cations corrupt good manners," "associa- 
tions beget assimilation." There is a 
downward tendency in this fellowship, 
because the inspiring genius of the whole 
concern is from^ beneath. The associa- 
tions of Christianity are upward. The 
path of the just is as the shining lig-ht 
that shineth more and more unto the per- . 
feet dav. 



204 



CHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



The ''United Presbyterian" of Pitts- 
burg de^'X)tes several pages of editorials 
to the Knights Templar conclave. It 
calmly and conclusively proves that 
Knights Templarism in its lower degrees 
is Christless, that men of all religions and 
of no religion unite in its worship; that 
their oaths are extra judicial, that they 
swear to obey a code of unknown laws, 
that their influence in society and in the 
political world is dangerous, that they 
teach a false religion; that while they 
profess to teach the fatherhood of God 
and the 'brotherhood of men, they reject 
the only Mediator between God and 
men, and that they run across all God's 
divine institutions of family, church and 
state. In striking contrast with the Uni- 
ted Presbyterian were the editorials in 
the Boston Congregationalist after the 
Knights Templar Conclave in that city, 
in trying to show up the pagan system as 
a grand Christian institution. 

Prof. D. B. Willson, of Allegheny, de- 
votes over a page of the Christian Na- 
tion of New York to an account of the 
Templar Conclave in Pittsburg. He. 
says the work of decorating public build- 
ings and Masonic buildings was carried 
into the Sabbath, Oct. 9. The streets of 
Pittsburg on that day were filled with 
arriving companies. A special service 
was held in the morning in Trinity Epis- 
copal Church to assembled Knights, 
while Rev. C. L. Twing, of Brooklyn, 
who is Grand Prelate of the Grand En- 
campment, preached a sermon, glorify- 
ing Masonry, as giving a higher concep- 
tion than Christianity "of God, man, life, 
death and immortality." There was con- 
tinuous dancing and performance at 
Tancred Commandery. The California 
Commandery brought with them a half 
carload of wine. The Commercial Ga- 
zette of Oct. 14 said: ''Fifteen tons of 
champagne was given away yesterday in 
quart bottles, almost every visiting 
knight carrying one with him when he 
left. One-half of it was gone by noon, 
but more is on the way. Yesterday aft- 
ernoon it had disappeared, but another 
carload will arrive to-day to be served in 
the same lavish manner. Besides the 
champagne, 250 cases of other wines 
Avere given as souvenirs to the visitors." 
At the grand reception ball, which was 
the greatest crush during the conclave, 



dancing was kept up till 5 o'clock in the 
morning, the megaphone being used to 
call the figures. And yet the greatest 
shame of all, this hellish debauchery was- 
held under the banner of the cross, and. 
everywhere that sign was seen — on pub- 
lic buildings, on business houses, even, 
of Jews, on private houses, and over bar 
rooms and every kind of resort. 



Rev. W. Easton — The guilty conspir- j 
acies of such secret societies have again | 
and again convulsed Europe to its cen- 
ter. And should such societies gain the 
ascendency in our own country, how 
long would it remain the land of liberty 
and peace? When our rulers and laws. - 
are selected, "ordained and established," 
in a secret hall, and all the mystic broth- 
erhood bound to carry out the schemes 
of the leaders, the liberty of the people 
is a mockery. As you would not see is- 
suing from the secret halls and midnight 
conclaves of these banded associations, 
ambitious tyrants, to spread discord and 
desolation through the land; as you 
would not look on our free institutions J 
withering in the grasp of a secret tyrant; I 
as you would not see our country made 
an arena for these secret and selfish 
bands to seek their own aggrandize- 
ment; as you would not see this worse 
than Lernaean hydra, this many-headed 
monster, palsying by its venom, and 
crushing in its grasp the fair genius of 
liberty; as you would not sharpen the 
sword which filled Europe with slaugh- 
ter; as you would shudder to see the 
lakes and rivers of our beloved land dyed 
with the blood of brothers; our present 
peace and prosperity exchanged for the 
shrieks and blasphemies and blood of the 
battlefield — exert every efifort, use all 
your influence to drive these dangerous 
and deadly institutions from the country. 



Rev. H. L. Kellogg once wrote: "The 
great moral conflicts of the ages center 
about the cross. Satan knew what that 
cross meant for his dark realm and for 
forty days struggled to keep it from ris- 
ing on Calvary. He staked His all on 
the last temptation — the kingdoms of 
the world and the glory of them — and 
lost. But he wishes men to persuade 
themselves that they have recognized 
the King of Zion. So the Masonic lodge, 
which in its fundamental degrees and 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



205 



principles rejects Christ, that it may call 
Jews, Moslems, Parsees and 'the wor- 
shipers of Deity in every form' brothers, 
is preparing for a great Christ celebra- 
tion in the opening year of the next cen- 
tury. Why object? Because the Knight 
Templar oath is awful blasphemy. Their 
ceremony of initiation is a mockery of 
death and the judgment. Their vow to 
draw their swords in defense of the Chris- 
tian religion is an unmeaning form. Their 
regalia, dress, arms, and military parade 
is as far from the humility, simplicity and 
meekness enjoined by Christ, as the east 
is from the west. They profess to be the 
'Christian degree' of Masonry. But they 
come into the commandary from the 
Blue Lodge without any change of be- 
lief or sentiment toward Christ. In the 
Blue Lodge they denied Him. They go 
on into the Mystic Shrine or into the 
Scotch Rite without needing any change 
of conviction; in one they practice Mo- 
hammedanism, in the other Baal wor- 
ship. Therefore, the Knight Templar 
degree in reality more grossly insults 
Christ than any other, because of their 
very pretense of recognizing Him." 



Jonathan Blanchard — The Masonic 
Templars' Christ, it is he that ''tyles" the 
door, taxes the petitioner, and swears the 
initiate to "secrecy and silence." It is 
the Masonic Christ, that doles out grips 
and passwords and signs for money. It 
is the Christ of the "secret chambers" 
that says 'T will give you all the king- 
doms of the world and the glory of 
them," if you, like the Mohammedans, 
will arm and organize and fight to ex- 
tend my kingdom. It is the Christ of 
the "Conclave," "the red dragon" of rev- 
elation, flooding the earth with counter- 
feits and frauds in the name of liberty 
and virtue, under the sacred symbol of 
our Lord's passion on Calvary, that says. 
Put on the sword. It is the Christ of the 
lodge, the "Bacchus" of profane history, 
the "Baal-peor" of Moab, that proffers 
"mixed wine" and enacts a strange law 
of adulterous and wanton indulgence for 
his devotees. It is the Christ of "Her 
whose house is the way to hell, going 
down to the chambers of death," that 
says, "stolen waters are sweet and bread 
eaten in secret is pleasant." But the 
Christ of God says, "Put up now thy 
sword," "Stand and speak in the temple 



all the words of this life." "Be not drunk 
with wine wherein is excess," "But forni- 
cation and uncleanness or coveteousness, 
let it not be once named among you as 
becometh saints." He strictly taught that 
his followers should maintain lives of 
self-denial through love to him. "If any 
man will come after me, let him deny 
himself and take up his cross and follow 
me;" and "he that taketh not his cross^ 
and followeth after me, is not worthy of 
me." 



Rev. H. H. Hinman, Oberlin, Ohio: 
The Knights Templars are .Christians 
only in name. Though each Sir Knight 
has sworn to draw 'his "sword in defense 
of the Christian religion," and, in the fifth 
libation has drunk wine from a human 
skull, and declared that, "as the sins of 
the whole world were laid on my Sa\aor, 
so may the sins of the person whose skull 
this was be laid on me in addition to my 
own, if I shall ever willfully violate any 
obligation of Knighthood," he has not 
necessarily ever professed to give his 
heart to Crod, to profess personal faith in 
Christ, or even to live a life of outward 
conformity to Christianity. Knight 
Templarism is an army with weapons of 
steel, and a most admirable militar}- drill. 
Exactly w^hat they are fig*hting, it wcmld 
be difficult to say. They are doubtless 
prepared for any emergency and could 
use their swords anywhere for "the good 
of the order." But since there cannot, in 
the nature of things, be anything more 
unlike than the spirit and practice of war 
and the spirit of Christ, so there can 
scarcely be anything so truly the opposite 
of Christianity as Knight Templarism 
and its kindred militarv societies. 



Says the United Presbyterian: "It is 
now announced in a Washington dis- 
patch that President McKinley will not 
be able to stop off in Pittsburg to review 
the Knights Templar parade on Tues- 
day, Oct. II, as he must be in Omaha 
Oct, 12. It is probable that the Presi- 
dent does not desire to be present on that 
occasion. He, perhaps, feels as many 
other sensible people feel, that it would 
not be in keeping with the dignity of the 
President of the United States, or his re- 
lation to all the people of the country, 
to identify himself even as a spectator 
with the 'illustrious Knights.' Mr. Mc- 



206 



GHBISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



Kinley, probably, like many other good 
men, connected himself with this body in 
his younger days, but now sustains a 
merely nominal relation to the order. 
nVhen I was a child, I spake as a child, I 
understood as a child, I thought as a 
child, but when I became a man I put 
away childish things.' " If a Masonic pa- 
per published at Richmond, Va., and the 
American Tyler can be relied upon, Pres- 
ident McKinley, a few months after his 
inauguration, underwent the degradmg 
heathen ceremony of initiation into the 
Knights of Malta. We would fondly 
hope that the motive above stated pre- 
vented his attendance at the Pittsburg 
conclave, but we have our doubts. 

AN IMMORAL INSTITUTION. 



REV. J. S. T. MILLIGAN. 

The lodge in its very nature cannot be 
a moral institution. Its god or supreme 
authority, wihether called "the great 
architect of the universe," "the great 
Sachem," or the goddess Ceres or Ash- 
taroth, are such uncerttain and mythical 
characters that they afford no solid basis 
for moral character. Therefore, because : 

1. The god of the lodge is a heathen 
god, their morality must be of the same 
character. 

2. The lodge rejects Jesus Christ, the 
only comprehensible manifestaition of 
God. It is Christ who reveals the divine 
character and will. "No man knowdth 
the Father but the Son, and he to whom 
the Son revealeth him." Any system or 
individual that ignores Christ is in dark- 
ness and walketh in darkness, and has not 
the light of Hfe in either its moral or spir- 
itual aspects. 

3. The lodge uses the Bible only as a 
symbol. The decision of the Grand 
Lodge is final in morals, the Bible to the 
contrary notwithstanding; whereas, the 
Bible contains not only the precept but 
the illustration and exemplification of all 
moral character and conduct. 

4. The moral and regenerating influ- 
ence of the Holy Spirit is ignored in the 
lodge. It is no condition of membership, 
and the natural man cannot receive the 
things of the spirit, nor know them, for 
they are spiritually discerned. 

5. The oath or pledge of the lodge to 
conceal and never reveal the secrets of a 
brother, and to screen and reheve him in 



his crimes — less murder and treason — is 
surely not in harmony with the Bible 
rule, not to suffer sin in a brother, and 
with the declaration that open rebuke is 
better than secret love. 

6. The lodge recognizes no one relig- 
ious system as a standard in either relig- 
ion or morals. 

7. The fact that the lodge convenant is 
declared irrevocable, and is not under the 
supervision of either church or state un- 
dermines that authority and wholesome 
restraint that is helpful to a pure life. 

8. The fact that lodge members do not, 
and are pledged not to, come tO' the light 
is evidence that their deeds are evil. 

9. The many crimes laid at the doOT of 
the lodge proves it to be a dangerous 
school of morals. 

10. The fact that their authorized de- 
liverences on moral questions are few 
and far between, or are entirely wanting, 
and that the immoral gather to their con- 
claves, and that the immoral speak well 
of them, reminds us of the maxim that 
'birds of feather flock together, and brings 
under the woe pronounced on those of 
whom certain ones speak well. 



§nx ®ue0ti0tt 3tmtt. 



If you do not see what you want ask for it. 

Question — Where can I find authority 
for the statement in the last Cynosure 
that a stone sent by the Pope for the 
Washington Monument was broken up 
and thrown into the Potomac? — A. L. D. 

Answer — In a volume entitled, "Notes 
on Washington," or "Ten Years at the 
National Capital," by Jane W. Gemmill. 
This outrage occurred in 1855. Among 
a large number of stones presented by 
States and foreign countries, as well as 
by a variety of civic and church organi- 
zations, was a block of marble presented 
by the Pope, which was the only stone 
refused — and not only refused, but ham- 
mered into pieces and the pieces thrown 
into the Potomac River. And then Free- 
masons who instigated and led in this 
disgraceful act, and who are the most 
selfish, intolerant anti-republican and 
anti-Christian of sects, had the brazen 
effrontery to assume the honor of laying 
the corner stone of this national monu- 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



207 



ment and covering its walls with their 
inscriptions. 



Question — How would you undertake 
to hold an anti-lodge meeting in a town 
where neither church, schoolhouse nor 
hall can be obtained, and where lodge 
influence strongly predominates? — W. 
R. B. 

Answer — Try this plan: Invite what 
friends you can influence to a meeting in 
your own home. If you can get no min- 
ister or public speaker, then get a good 
reader to read some good article or ad- 
dress on the lodge question. You can 
arrange an interesting program of read- 
ings, recitations, songs, etc.; some re- 
freshments might be served as an attrac- 
tion. The W. C. T. U. has been a power 
in molding public sentiment by such par- 
lor meetinofs. 



Question — Would our lecturers not 
encounter less opposition if they were to 
go to a town unannounced and unar- 
ranged for? — J. W. F. 

Answer — Perhaps there are cases 
where this might succeed, but our Lord's 
method, when holding meetings in the 
cities and villages of Judea, in sending 
disciples, "two and two before his face 
into every city, and place, whither he 
himself would come," is the best way still 
to insure a meeting. If the anti-secret 
lecturer can't afford to send disciples 
ahead to arrange for the place of meeting, 
lodging, etc., he can at least send a letter 
or postal card. 



Question — ^When and where, and by 
whom was the Masonic rite of Memphis 
originated? — R. S. W. 

Answer — Mackey's Lexicon says that 
this rite was first instituted in 1839 at 
Paris, then at Marseilles, and afterward 
at Brussels, by two French Masons 
named Marconis and ^loullet. It con- 
sisted of ninety-one degrees. It is a Ma- 
sonic branch system, which acknowl- 
edges obedience to the atheistic Grand 
Orient of France, and performs its func- 
tions within its bosom. 



Chun Ying was recently killed by a 
Chinese high-binder, because he cut 
rates on contracts to make overalls and 
shoes at San Francisco. 



tutorial. 



TRUE MORALITY. 



Morality in its shortest and best defini- 
tion is conformity to the true moral 
standard, W'hich is the moral law, sum- 
marily comprehended in the Ten Com- 
mandments. Apart from this standard 
there is no true definition or standard of 
virtue. That this is the only true and 
perfect rule of morality ever given to the 
world is the testimony of every legal 
authority worthy of notice. " Jonathan 
Blanchard uttered important fundament- 
al truth when he said: 

"There can be but one moral system 
in the Universe, whose author and exec- 
utive is God. And for this plain reason, 
that a second Infinite, if distinct, must 
displace the first. And the badge and 
binding force of this moral system; the 
very bottom on which right and wrong 
rest is worship, which binds mind to the 
God of mind. Now the one point w^hich 
we make is that these secret societies, by 
substituting another worship for the true, 
in effect displace God from His own 
moral system, and so destroy it; that, in 
short, horrible as it may seem, there is no 
obligatory right and wrong in a lodge!" 



A BOLD ROBBERY. 



Rev. E. H. Brown, of Lynnville, Iowa, 
and State Secretary of the anti-Secret 
Association, writes that a few months 
ago an old man over 80 years of age was 
taken sick in Iowa Falls. He had been 
an Oddfellow for twenty-five years, and 
had paid up all his dues. Many times 
his wife, who is also over eighty, took in 
washing to get money to pay lodge dues. 
He had been sick over a month, when 
the Oddfellows were asked for help. 
Then the leading Oddfellow in the city 
came and sat by the bed-side of that poor, 
suffering man and made him a proposi- 
tion, that if he would make the lodge a 
deed of a house and lot, which he owned 
in Hubbard, Iowa, so that it should be 
theirs at his and her death, the Oddfel- 
lows would send a man to nurse him, fur- 
nish a doctor and bury him and take care, 
of the widow until her death, and do the 



20S 



CHRISTIAN GYNOlSURE. 



November, 1898. 



same for her. *'And," said he, ''if you 
don't g-ive us the deed we will drop you 
immediately." The house and lot were 
worth $i,ocx), and rented for $12 per 
month. The old people were alone, old 
and helpless. Realizing their condition, 
they made out the deed. The nurse came 
and for nearh^ two months the old man 
lingered and finally passed away in early 
summer. 

He was followed to the grave by the 
roughest and most profane men in the 
city, and then came the report of the 
charity of the Oddfellows. The widow, 
now 84 years old, is furnished with three 
small rooms in a basement and given $5 
a month while she lives. Counting the 
funeral and nurse expense at $170, it is 
estimated that the lodge has a profit of 
$830 in the deal. Suppose the wife 
should live five years, there is $300 for 
her support, leaving still for the lodge a 
clear profit of $530, besides the income 
from rents all the v/hile. The widow 
wept as she told me how they were treat- 
ed after paying dues for twenty-five 
3^ears. I exposed the orders and their 
sham charity soon after and caused no 
small amount of indignation among the 
lodge members. I mean to stand against 
everything that stands against my Christ 
and His church. 



IS LIFE INSURANCE WRONG? 



The pastor of the German Lutheran 
Church of Bristol, Conn., is Rev. Otto 
Duessell, a member of the Missouri 
Synod, and a young man O'f fine appear- 
ance and well educaited. He preached a 
strong sermon against life insurance, 
which was reported in the daily press and 
caused nearly all the members of his con- 
gregation to cancel their policies, and the 
insurance agents to rise in arms. The 
church where the famous sermon was de- 
livered is on Orchard avenue. It is un- 
pretentious, but the congregation is large 
and Mr. Dussell wields a great influence 
over them. He said: 

"While I am pastor of this church none 
of my parishioners shall carry life insur- 
ance if I can help it. The teaching of the 
German Lutheran Church is that God 
must be depended on in all of our trou- 
bles to rdieve us. Our lives do not be- 
long to ourselves. They belong to God. 



When one speculates on his life, he is 
speculating on something which does not 
belong to him, and is, therefore, a swin- 
dler. Life insurance is nothing more than 
a speculation, and he who gains money 
from speculation is defying God. Specu- 
lation is a gambling game, and gambhng 
is forbidden by the rules of all Christian 
churches. The first commandment 
reads: Thou shah have no other god 
before me.' When a man speculates on 
his life, which does not belong to him, he 
is flying in the face of God, who is the 
author of life, and who is to say when this 
shall cease to exist. There is no chance 
of a misunderstanding of my position. I 
am utterly opposed to this line of busi- 
ness. I will not have it myself and I don't 
propose that my parishioners, who are 
professed Christians, shall show their 
doubt of the power of God, who has given 
us His promise that the faithful shall be 
protected. 'The Lord will provide.' " 



DIED IN THE LODGE ROOM. 



A special dispatch dated Elyria, Ohio, J 
' Oct. 5, say that Dr. W. F. McLean died 
suddenly of heart failure in the Masonic 
lodge room that night while working a 
degree in Chapter Masonry. He was a 
prominent physician and surgeon for the 
Lake Shore Railroad. He >was acting as 
an officer of the lodge ajt the time oi his 
death. The excitement and exertion con- 
nected with working the degree was 
doubtless too much of a shock for the 
doctor's nerves. He is but one in a long 
list of victims summoned to the judgment 
bar from the exciting ordeal of a lodge 
room initiation. Our readers will not for- 
get the tragic death of Rev. J. W. John- 
ston of the M. E. Church South, at Hunt- 
ington, W. Va., during his initiation into 
the Royal Arch degree, on the nig;ht of 
Jan. 10, 1890. It also recalls the death of 
Charles Wetter, proprietor of a hotel at 
Winthrop, Minn., on the night of Dec. 
2, 1896, while being initiated into the 
Mystic Shrine, in Masonic Temple, Min- 
neapolis. 



"All secret, oath-bound political par- 
ties are dangerous to any nation, no mat- 
ter how pure, or how patriotic the mo- 
tives and principles which first bring 
them together."— U. S. Grant. 



November, 1898. 



OHEilSTIAN CYNOSURE. 



209 



VERDICT NOT SO OVERWHELMING. 



The author of the book, "Fraternal 
Life Insurance Exposed," W. B. Den- 
ton, sent a copy to Rev. P. A. Rohr- 
baugh, editor of the Kansas M. E. 
Church paper at Wichita, who pub- 
hshed a notice of the book and also wrote 
the author as follows : "I have read your 
little booklet with no visible sign of 
change in my mind. I want to apologize 
to you for my seeming caustic reference 
to your letter which I published. I have 
no doubt of your sincerity and honest in- 
tention in your position. But the over- 
whelming verdict of the best thought of 
the times is against you, and in my judg- 
ment to discuss these matters with you 
would be a waste of time and a profitless 
task, so you will excuse me from opening 
the columns of my paper to the discus- 
sion. I have been a member of a num- 
ber of such organizations, have studied 
them from many sides and seen their 
work and results, and would have no hesi- 
tation in asking God's blessing on them. 
I believe it is on them, and he is making 
them to prosper because they help hu- 
manity." 

To this Bro. Denton replied as follows: 
"No apologies are due for your com- 
ments on my letter you so kindly pub- 
lished. But I beg to emphatically deny 
that 'the overwhelming verdict of the 
best thought of the times is against me.' 
You might say popular thought, but not 
the best thought. The Bible is against 
you, which can easily be shown. More 
than twenty-five Christian denominations 
prohibit membership in secret societies, 
while thousands in other denominations 
silently disapprove. The Christian and 
Missionary Alliance is the spiritual cream 
of the churches. In a recent letter from 
A. B. Simpson, its founder and presi- 
dent, he says in reference to this subject: 
'The Alliance quite agrees with you in 
your Objections to these foolish, secular 
and social organizations.' 'For we trust 
we have a good conscience; in all things 
willing to live honestly.' 

"You lodge people don't want the 
question of conscience agitated, for that 
would not be conducive to the growth of 
your orders. How can it be honest for 
you to go into a scheme where all expect 
to get a large amount of money for a 
small sum, leaving the vast discrepency 



for some one else to lose. 'Thou shalt 
not steal.' The Bible says, 'Do good to 
all men, especially to those of the house- 
hold of faith.' Wickedness is but little 
bar to brotherhood (?) in your societies. 
How can God bless an order which 
makes selfish preferences contrary to the 
teaching of His word? You mistake the 
power of satan for the blessing of God. 
I fear the devil is deceiving you with a 
little white-washed sympathy fraternity 
and humanity. Your A. O. U. W. num- 
ber was a reproach to Christianity in 
general and to yourself and the Method- 
ist Church in particular. As the church 
endorses and unites with worldly and un- 
godly concerns, in that proportion must 
it lose spirituality. When the average 
Methodist church organization increases 
less than one member in a year, it is wxll 
to ask the cause of this sad degeneracy. 
It may be answered, in part at least, in 
the fact that many of our members, min- 
isters, ofH'cers and editors, have joined 
hands with 'The unfruitful works of 
darkness' and steal in purpose if not in 
fact through life insurance." 

We remark in addition to what Bro. 
Denton has said that this editor of the 
"W^estern Methodist" should certainly 
widen his course of reading on this ques- 
tion. We would suggest that he read 
John Wesley's comments on Eph. 5:11, 
in his sermons. Vol. 2, p. 204. Let him 
also read the testimony of John Wesley 
as reported in the New York Christian 
Advocate of February, 1884, "What an 
amazing banter upon all mankind is 
Freemasonry." Also the testimony of 
Peter Cartwright, "Masonry originated 
with the devil and will end with the 
devil." Let him read Dr. Adam Clarke's 
comments on Eph. 5:11, and the strong 
testimonies against secret societies of Al- 
bert Barnes, Alexander Campbell, Jo- 
seph Cook, D. L. Moody, Richard S. 
Storrs, Chas. G. Finney, Geo. F. Pente- 
cost, Dr. Carradine, Howard Crosby, 
Frances E. Willard, and Mary Allen 
West. He should read also the testi- 
monies of such statesmen as President 
John Quincy Adams, milliard Fillmore, 
Wendell Phillips, James ^ladison. Thad- 
deus Stevens, U. S. Grant. William H. 
Seward, Daniel Webster, Charles Sum- 
ner, Edward Everett, and Lord Beacons- 
field. 

'We would remind him also that Dr. 



!10 



OHRISTIAiN OYNOSUIIB. 



November, 1898. 



Francis Lieber, whose work on Civil Lib- 
erty has been for a generation the best 
text book in our best colleges on political 
science, says: "Secret societies in free 
countries are cancers, against which his- 
tory teaches us that men who value free- 
dom ought to guard themselves most at- 
tentively." And above all we re^er him 
to the testimony of Christ, who when on 
trial for treason against the Roman gov- 
ernment, and asked by the high priest 
concerning his doctrine, replied, "I spake 
openly to the world; I ever taught in the 
synagogue, and in the temple whither the 
Jews always resort, and in secret have I 
said nothing." Now, as the editor of the 
"Western Methodist" says that the over- 
whelming verdict of the best thought of 
the times is on the side of the lodge, will 
he please give us a few names of these 
best thinkers that we may have their tes- 
timony on this question clearly before us. 



WASHINGTON NOT A MASON. 



The saying that *'A He will travel a 
mile while, the truth is pulling on its 
boots" has another illustration in the fact 
that in the Standard Dictionary, publish- 
ed by Funk & Wagnalls, of New York, 
George Washington is represented as a 
York Rite Mason. Rev. W. G. Ellis, 
evangelist, at Portland, Ore., writes: 

"Why is it that one of the greatest liter- 
ary productions of the age, Funk & Wag- 
nalls' Standard Dictionary of the English 
language, professing in its preface 'to 
give in complete and accurate statement, 
in the light of the most recent advances 
in knowledge, the meaning of words,' 
etc., should, in its definition of Freema- 
sonry, on page ^22, give a full cut of 
Washington, with these words under- 
neath, 'George Washington in the regalia 
of a free and accepted Mason of the York 
Rite, and wearing the Masonic apron, 
worked for him by the wife of Lafayette?' 
It defines Masonry as holding 'the avow- 
ed principles of charity, brotherly love 
and mutual assistance.' 

"Is not this a libel on Washington? It 
has 'been demonstrated, by proof the 
most satisfactory, that Washington was 
a seceded Mason who, in his riper years, 
repented of his youthful folly in fore- 
swearing himself. It is a matter of his- 
tory that, when the anti-Masonic excite- 
ment ran high in Pennsylvania, after the 



murder of Morgan, that the Legislature 
of that State requested Governor Ritner 
to write a vindication of Washington, 
from the disgrace of having belonged to 
secret societies. The Governor proved^ 
from the most authentic documents that, 
in 1768, Washington had ceased regular 
attendance on the lodge and that he was 
never Grand Master or Master of any 
particular lodge, and that all letters said 
to be written by Washington to lodges 
are forgeries. He also proved from the 
records of King David's Lodge, New- 
port, R. I., that in 1781 it was not agree- 
able to Washington to be addressed even 
as a private Mason. 

"Are Funk & Wagnalls running a Ma- 
sonic publishing house, that they thus 
represent the father of his country in the 
fig leaves of his sin and shame in order 
to obtain the patronage of Masons? Why 
did they not picture him with the cable- 
tow around his neck, and neither bare- 
foot nor shod? Why did they not pic- 
ture him as he was knocked into the 
blanket with the setting maul of Jube- 
lum? Why not also picture the lodge 
members standing around holding their 
noses because of his putrid corruption as 
he was raised by the lion's paw grip to a 
perpendicular and five points of fellow- 
ship?" 

We are sorry, indeed, that this false 
representation of Washington has found 
its way into this popular dictionary. It 
must have stolen in through the agency 
of some Masonic contributor, for we can 
scarcely believe that its editor and com- 
piler, Isaac K. Funk, D. D., can be ig- 
norant of the anti-Christian character of 
Masonry, and that it is a slander on the 
character of Washington, in face of the 
above facts, to claim him as a Mason, and 
especially that he can be ignorant of the 
fact that Christian sentiment has become 
so enlightened on this subject that scarce- 
ly a spiritually minded minister or evan- 
gelist, or a successful Christian worker 
can be found in the ranks of Freemason- 
ry, and that upward of twenty-two relig- 
ious denominations exclude Masons 
from their communion. 



Say ye not a confederacy to all them to 
whom this people shall say a confederacy; 
neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. 
Isa. 8: 12. 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



211 



WASHINGTON AND FREEMASONRY. 



On both sides of all reform issues, the 
""good man" argument has been unduly 
emphasized. It is seldom that promi- 
nent public men pay much attention to 
reformatory measures in the early stages 
of their agitation. Great stress has been 
laid on the attitude of George Washing- 
ton to Freemasonry. Jonathan Blanch- 
ard made a careful study of what all re- 
liable historians have written on Wash- 
ington's connection with the institution, 
and his testimony is of the highest value. 
He has said that in the year of the publi- 
cation of that terrible anti-Masonic reve- 
lation, entitled "Freemasonry a Conspir- 
acy Against All True Religion and Just 
Government," by Prof. Robison, LL. D., 
Rev. G. W. Snyder, of Fredericktown, 
Maryland, sent a copy of this book to 
President Washington, receiving from 
him a letter of thanks, saying, ''I have not 
been in a Masonic lodge more than once 
or twice in the last thirty years." 

Jonathan Blanchard says, "This, in a 
soldier, would be desertion, and in a 
church member, a denial of his faith. 
These words of Washington were writ- 
ten sixty-five years after Masonry had 
been introduced into this country in 
1733. The lodge was in its vigor. It 
was twenty-eight years before the mur- 
der of Morgan; no outside movement 
had ever been made against it, and Wash- 
ington's withdrawal was caused by what 
he had learned in the lodge itself. This 
Washington and Snyder correspondence 
has since been challenged, scrutinized 
and verified by Jared Sparks, president 
of Harvard University, and biographer 
of Washington, who had his manuscript 
letters." 

A. R. Spofford, LL. D., who was prin- 
cipal librarian of Congress in 1865, and 
a member of several historical societies, 
says, in an article on the city of Washing- 
ton, in Johnson's Universal Cyclopedia: 
''The first capitol was erected on the same 
site, the corner stone laid by George 
Washington Sept. 18, 1793, seven ye^rs 
before the removal of Congress to Wash- 
ington." Dr. Spofford makes no allu- 
sion to George Washington, laying this 
corner stone as a Freemason; neither do 
any of the Cyclopedias to which we have 
access. 

The strongest effort to make this ap- 



pear IS by Dr. John B. Ellis in his book, 
"Sights and Secrets of the National Capi- 
tol." In describing the laying of the first 
corner stone of the capitol he says, "Sept. 
i9> I793> a grand Masonic, civic and mili- 
tary procession was formed in front of 
the President's house, and marched to 
the site of the capitol. Then the Grand 
Sword Bearer, followed by George 
Washington, marshaled the Masonic fra- 
ternity between the double lines of the 
procession to the corner stone. The 
Grand Marshal handed to the commis- 
sioners a large silver plate with this in- 
scription: 

" 'This southeast corner stone of the 
capitol of the United States of America, 
in the city of Washington, was laid Sept. 
19, 1793, in the thirteenth year of Ameri- 
can Independence, in the first year of the 
second term of the Presidency of George 
Washington, whose virtues in the civil 
administration of his country have been 
so conspicuous and beneficial as his mili- 
tary valor and prudence have been useful 
in establishing her liberties; and in the 
year of Masonry 5793, by the President 
of the United States, in concert with the 
Grand Lodge of Maryland, several 
lodges under its jurisdiction, and Lodge 
No. 22, from Alexandria, Va.' 

"There were several rounds of artil- 
lery, and the plate was delivered to the 
President, who, with the Grand Master 
and three Worshipful Masters, deposited 
the plate in the corner stone and poured 
corn, wine and oil upon it. A prayer 
was then offered, the Masonic rites cele- 
brated, an oration delivered by the act- 
ing Grand Master, and the ceremonies 
concluded amidst the thunders of artil- 
lery, and then there was a sumptuous 
feast." 

Dr. Ellis also narrates the laying of 
the corner stone of the Washington 
monument, w^hich weighed twelve tons. 
In it was a zinc-lined chamber in which 
was deposited Masonic records, etc. He 
says, "The Grand Master wore the apron 
and used the gavel with which George 
Washington laid the corner stone of the 
capitol." In spite of this effort to mix 
up George Washington with this heathen 
ceremony of corn, wine and oil pouring, 
we still are unable to find clear proof that 
he participated in the exercise in any 
other capacity than as a civil ruler of a 
great nation. 



212 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



PROMOTES ANARCHY IN THE STATE. 



IT JUSTIFIES MURDER. 



President C. A. Blanchard says: *'In 
addition to the ruin wrought in personal 
character, and the crippling of the 
■church, there is imminent danger of an- 
archy in civil affairs, as a result of secret 
society influence. The World Almanac 
for 1892 reports for tlie preceding year 
over 5,000 murders in the United States. 
It reports about 125 legal executions, and 
192 lynchings, the latter being largely in 
the South, W'here negroes w^ere the vic- 
tims. It is well understood tihat if a crim- 
inal has means, it is difficult to convict; 
and there are many who believe that 
Freemasonry and similar societies are 
continually causing miscarriages of jus- 
tice. Members of these orders, however, 
deny that lodges corrupt courts, and af- 
firm that in cases where members of se- 
cret associations steal public moneys or 
commit other crimes, and go unpun- 
ished, the lodge is not their protector. 
Under such circumstances it is needful 
to examine the obligations of the orders ; 
and the slightest inquiry shows at once 
that, whether tihese orders do protect 
criminals or not, they are well adapted 
to do so. The oath to conceal a brother's 
secrets, and to recognize his signal of 
distress, are such -obligations as a bad 
man w^ould wish to use in case of legal 
difficulty. 

"Of course, it is not affirmed that all 
members of these orders will recognize 
and obey these oaths. Some will, some 
•will not. But the lodge -man who, under 
such circumstances, is true to his civil 
duty breaks his secret society oath. All 
history confirm's this interpretation of the 
oaths of the secret orders. In Italy, 
France, Great Britain and the United 
States failures of law are proportioned to 
the power of the lodges. In the time of 
the French revolution, in the efforts to 
suppress brigandage, in the great Ameri- 
can rebellion, in the endeavor to get back 
money stolen by a State treasurer, the 
same course of events may be traced. 
Some secret current interferes with navi- 
gation, so that one who does not under- 
stand it can never calculate his course." 



Elder David Bernard, a Baptist minis- 
ter who, says John Quincy Adams, ''was 
a man of good repute and blameless life 
and conversation," puts this even strong- 
er than President Blanchard. He had 
taken fifteen degrees in Freemasonry, 
and was Intimate Secretary of the Lodge 
of Perfection. He resided at Covington, 
N. Y., when Morgan was murdered, and 
says that his brother Masons justified 
bath his abduction and murder. He says : 
"A meeting of the lodge in Covington 
was soon called, the object of which was 
to concert measures for an agreement 
among the fraternity, in what they should 
say in relation to their outrages, and to 
attend to members who were disaffected 
with their proceedings. I attended for 
the purpose of freeing my mind. 

''When the lodge w^as duly opened and 
the subject introduced, I rose, and, in the 
most decisive manner, disapproved the 
conduct of the fraternity in their violation 
of civil and moral law. The meeting was 
long and horribly interesting! The true 
spirit of the institution was manifested, 
especially toward me. For the introduc- 
tion of Elder Stearns' book, and the hon- 
est expression of my sentiments, I was 
most shamefully abused. The murder of 
Morgan was justified, and everything 
said that was calculated to harrow up the 
feelings of a patriot or a Christian. Elder 

A , a Knight Templar, being present, 

boldly asserted that if he should see any 
man writing Masonry, he would consider 
it his duty to 'take measures to stop him; 
that, as cities and churches had their laws 
with a right to inflict their penalties, so 
Masons had their laws with the rig^ht to 
inflict the penalties to them, and that the 
lodge was the place to try a Mason, and, 
if Morgan had been writing Masonry, 
and his throat was cut from ear to ear, 
his tongue torn out by the roots, and his 
body buried beneath the rough sands of 
the sea at low water mark, where the tide 
ebbs and flows twice in twenty-four 
hours, he could not complain of not hav- 
ing justice done him! 'Amen! Amen! 
Amen!' was the audible response around 
the room." 



They are of those that rebel against 
the light; they know not the ways there- 
of, nor abide in the paths thereof. Job 
24: 13. 



Do you make this great and vital anti- 
secret reform a subject of your daily 
prayers? 



November, 1898. 



CHRLSTIAN CYNOSURE. 



213 



SECRET DIPLOMACY, 



MR. RONAYNE'S NEW BOOK. 



The following extract from a speech 
in London bythe great Hungarian states- 
man, Louis Kossuth, is even more prac- 
tical now in the diplomacy of nations than 
when it was uttered. He said: "I can- 
not forbear, having spoken some words 
on the importance of foreign afifairs, and 
especially in respect to the city of Lon- 
don, stating that I believe the time draws 
near when, for the whole world in the 
management of diplomacy, a radical 
change must take place. The basis of 
diplomacy has been secrecy; and there 
is the triumph of absolutism and the mis- 
fortune of a free people. I hope soon this 
will cease, and foreign aflfairs will be con- 
ducted by that power which must be the 
ruling one in a constitutional govern- 
ment — public opinion. I scarce can see 
how it is possible that this principle of 
secrecy in diplomacy got ground, not in 
England only but throughout the whole 
world, when a question of a single penny 
of the national property could not be dis- 
posed of without the consent of the peo- 
ple. 

"How are the interests of the country 
guarded and carried out in respect of 
these foreign affairs? There is a secrecy 
which would be dangerous to the inter- 
ests of the country, and to constitutional 
liberty to develop. Not only that the 
people should not know how its interests 
are treated, but even after the time has 
passed, they should 'be told, 'The dinner 
has been prepared and eaten, and the 
people have nothing to do but to digest 
the consequences.' What is the principle 
of all evil in Europe? The encroaching 
spirit of Russia. And by what power has 
Russia become so mighty? By its arms? 
No; the arms of Russia are below those 
of many powers. It has become almost 
omnipotent — at least, very dangerous to 
liberty — by diplomatic intrigues. Now, 
against the secret intrigues of diplomacy, 
there is no surer safeguard or more pow- 
erful counteraction than public opinion. 
This must be opposed to intrigues, and 
intrigues are then of no weight in the 
destines of humanity. You will excuse 
me, my lords and gentlemen for these 
hints. I hope the English people will feel 
the truth of these humble remarks, and 
that they will not be quite forgotten." 



I have been frequently urged by 
friends of the anti-secret cause through- 
out the country to write the story of my 
life showing how the Lord has led me 
first out of popery in the south of Ire- 
land, delivered me from the terrible per- 
secution that ensued, brought me to 
Quebec, Canada, there sought protection 
in Orangeism, became a Freemason,, 
hoping still to flee from Romanism, ex- 
periences in Chicago before and during 
the great fire of 1871, and then in 1875 
brought me out of Freemasonry and call- 
ed me to witness against that pagan ini- 
quity by publicly working the Masonic 
degrees, and, last of all, brought me to a 
knowledge of Himself through faith in 
the Lord Jesus Christ. 

I am now engaged in writing this 
book. It will contain about 200 or 220 
pages, bound in cloth, and expect (D. V.) 
to have it published by Feb. 15, and I 
wish to say that every one sending me 
one dollar, with name and address plain- 
ly written, shall receive two copies by 
mail. This was the way I published the 
''Master's Carpet," The Cynosure kind- 
ly permitting me to make a similar ap- 
peal to the one I now make. I shall be 
glad of any advice or any suggestion that 
friends may have to oflfer, and hope that 
by God's blessing my present effort will 
be a still stronger testimony of His truth 
than anything I have heretofore written. 
Please address E. Ronayne. 

104 Milton avenue, Chicago, 111. 



Are there any of your neighbors to 
whom you have not spoken of The Cyno- 
sure as a light shining in a dark place? 



%tahm* Ie0timottie0, 



Nathaniel Colver, D. D., who died in 
1870, and who was the organizer and for 
many years the pastor of Tremont Tem- 
ple Baptist Church, was a seceder from 
Freemasonry, his renunciation of it 
dating from 1829. He says: "Lam free 
to say that it is my deliberate opinion 
that the vicious character of Masonry, 
and its guilt-concealing and barbarous 
oaths are such as not onlv to release all 



21.4 



OHRISTTA>N CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



from their bonds, but also to lay upon 
them the solemn obligation to tear off 
its covering and expose its enormity. It 
sits at this moment as a nightmare on 
all the moral energies of government, 
and utterly paralyzes the arm of justice. 
It tampers with all our civil matters and 
carries its monopolizing partiality 
through all our social and civil relations. 
Its persecutions are to be dreaded. I 
warn you to count the cost before you 
assail it. I myself have endured its per- 
secutions so long and so severely that I 
cease to dread it in some measure, but I 
fear for others that provoke its hostility." 



W. J. Walthall, Prescott, Ark.— Your 
question with reference to Masonry is 
very important, though many never stop 
to give it any thought. I have little pa- 
tience with such people. I was once a 
Free Mason, but the light shone into my 
soul, and I had to give it up before I 
could get peace. It was one of the 
things I had to surrender after a hard 
struggle. Masonry is certainly border- 
ing on blasphemy. I cannot see yet that 
it is my duty to divulge the secret work. 
I am persuaded that it is enough for us 
to expose the evils of it. It is not through 
any love or endorsement of Freemasonry 
that I do not reveal it. I simply question 
the propriety of so doing. 



W. M. Beden, Hadley, Mich.: I was 
lately in the office of our flouring mill 
when the miller said to a neighbor: "In 
the order of Maccabees is no place for a 
Christian. When I was seeking the bap- 
tism of the Holy Spirit the Lord told me 
to come out from among them. I felt that 
I could give up Masonry and Oddfellow- 
ship, but, with my three motherless chil- 
dren to provide for, how could I leave the 
Maccabees and the Foresters? But I 
came out and promised the Lord I would 
have nothing more to do with the lodge, 
and, ever since, I have been a happy man 
and have enjoyed God's presence and 
blessino: as I never did before." 



Bro. Jasper Tucker, Spring Arbor, 
Mich. : Many years ago, when I began to 
seek salvation through Christ, I was at- 
tending meetings in the Free Methodist 
Church. They required their members 
to give up all connection with the lodge, 
and, as I was a Free Mason, I felt that I 



could not sacrifice my lodge connection, 
so I w^ent eight miles to attend revival 
meetings in an M. E. Church. I knew 
they would not require me to give up 
my Masonry. But at these meetings I 
could find no peace for my troubled con- 
science, so I concluded to return to the 
Free Methodist meetings and there find 
salvation and peace. Then I thought I 
would unite with the M. E. Church, in 
whicfi I could hold on to my Masonry. I 
knew many oi their ministers were Ma- 
sons, and the kind of religion I wanted 
was that which would tolerate the lodge. 
But no peace came to my soul. God did 
not have that kind of religion for me, 
nor does he have it for any O'ue, for the 
Bible which Masonry falsely calls its first 
great light, condemns that kind of re- 
hgion from beginning to end. No man 
can live near to God and take such oaths 
as Masonry imposes. I found that I had 
to give up the lodge for Christ's sake. 
Then I experienced salvation, and ever 
since have felt that the lodge is an enemy 
of 'Christ, and I cannot enjoy Christian 
fellowship with Masonic ministers or 
members. 



H. M. ^ITugunin, 491 West Madison 
street, Chicago — I became interested in 
Oddfeilowship, and joined one of its 
lodges at the age of about twenty-three 
— at a time when I was worldly-minded 
and unsaved. It suited my character and 
inclinations exactly, since it appealed to 
my love of mystery and secrecy, and 
threw me upon my "honor" as a man. I 
doubt now, however, if it served to make 
me more "honorable" than I had pre- 
viously been. But it presented, also, sev- 
eral captivating social features — mutual 
benefits (as they then seemed), and 
"brotherly" intercourse, in various ways 
very pleasant to an ardent, unregeraerate 
young man who had not yet learned the 
purpose for which he was created. I saw 
nothing bad in the order. I defended it 
as others did. I went 'further, perhaps; 
I said there was nothing in it contrary 
to the Scriptures. We had quotations 
from the Bible — with all reference to 
Christ left out; ^but that, to me then was 
of little account. We had the "golden 
rule," the parable of the Good Samaritan, 
and lessons about death and the vanity 
of life (outside the lodge), and altogether 
I thought it was a very good thing for 



November, 1898. 



CKRISTIAJ^ CYNOSURE. 



215 



honorable young men. So I remained an 
Odd Fellow for many years. Then I had 
another experience. The Spirit of the 
Lord came to my help. He found me in 
serious afBiction, beyond the power of 
deliverance by man. He found me pray- 
ing, not only for release from my great 
physical and mental trouble, but suppli- 
cating, in deep contrition, for pardon and 
reconciliation with God. True to his 
promises to us through Christ Jesus I 
found forgiveness and peace in his grace. 
In this changed condition I went again 
to the lodge, but it had lost its charms. 
I went through my duties according to 
the ritual, but my interest in them was 
gone, and the whole performance seem- 
ed so insignificant and worthless that I 
said: "This is no place for me any 
longer. I have something so much bet- 
ter now." I went there once or twice 
more, and then I dropped out of the or- 
der forever. I did not openly renounce 
it. I simply left it, just as I quitted some 
other things at that time, because it had 
'become distasteful to me. Then I was 
satisfied and happy. 

The fraternalism of Oddfellowship, so 
far as my experience in it went, is largely 
founded, verbally, upon the Bible story 
of the friendship of David and Jonathan 
and their covenant at the stone "Ezel" 
(I. Samuel 20: 16-25), and our Lord's 
parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10: 
25-37), both of which are introduced into 
its ritual to illustrate the doctrine O'f "the 
brotherhood of man;" yet in the lodge 
this parable has not the least affinity to 
the sort of charity or benevolence taught 
by our Savior. In the first place, no Odd 
Fellow would have been under any ob- 
ligation to help the man who had been 
robbed and half-killed, unless the unfor- 
tunate one had previously united with 
the fraternity. In the next place, the 
poor man had no money left, and might 
not have been able to show that he was 
clear on the books of his lodge in the mat- 
ter of paid-up dues; and that would have 
been a serious bar to lodge benevolen&e. 
He had nothing, and the lodge, had he 
been delinquent in the payment of his 
dues, would have owed him nothing. Un- 
der such circumstances the passing Odd 
Fellow could not consistently have rec- 
ognized the other's' claim for assistance, 
or involve the order in any expense on 
his account. Bevond the fact that our 



Lord first told this story of the Good 
Samaritan, all interest m Christ and his 
kingdom ceases in the lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows, and deism, cold and without true 
love to God or man, remains the relig- 
ious principle of the order; for the name 
of Christ is not allowed to be mentioned, 
much less honored, in any of its opera- 
tions. ^ His priestly and kingly offices, 
and his blood-bought power to save sin- 
ners, are all ignored. Even the deity in 
whorn members of the lodge individual- 
ly believe may vary, but the right of each 
to worship that deity, whatever its name 
or character may be, is never" questioned 
as long as he professes belief only in "the 
fatherhood of God and the brotherhood 
of man" — as Oddfellowship understands 
that combination. Even in this profes- 
sion, no member receives any "benefit" 
from the order without depositing an en- 
trance fee and regularly paying his lodge 
dues. In this statement is comprised all 
that constitutes the "fratern?alism" of 
Oddfellowship, w^hatever its pretensions 
as a "benevolent" institution — a forced 
tenderness, a paid-up, heartless "char- 
ity!" What a burlesque on Christianitv! 
Respecting the love of David and Jona- 
than— "surpassing that of women"— 
there is little similarity between the un- 
selfish af¥ection of these young men and 
the mercenary fraternalism of the lodge. 
But it serves to preserve the good name 
of the order in the estimation of the 
world, while the order itself, like a 
I whited sepulchre." contains many more 
''dead men's bones" than those 'of the 
skeleton with w^hich it scares the unsus- 
pecting novice into respect for its mum- 
mery. 



Mtm of ®ur iUor^ 



During October, Rev. W. B. Stoddard 
presented our cause before the Ohio Lu- 
theran Synod, and the Ohio U. P. Svnod, 
besides preaching and lecturing ' in a 
number of churches. 



In spite of a rainy night the hall in 
Trenton, Ohio, was' crowded Oct. 26 
while Bro. W. B. Stoddard lectured on 
the lodge question. One of the pastors. 
Rev. H. J. Krehbeil, arranged for the 
meeting and met the expenses. 



216 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



It was a good suggestion made by 
President S. P. Long at the Ohio State 
convention that every friend of the cause 
put forth every effort to stir up their de- 
nominations on the lodge evil, so that 
there may be large results at the next 
State convention. 



Rev. S. F. Springer, of Berne, Ind., 
aided the Dayton convention with his 
j)resence and council. He extends an in- 
vitation for an Indiana State anti-secret 
convention to be held in his large church 
at Berne. He is a leader in his denomi- 
nation, and doubtless could insure the 
success of such a convention. 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard expects to spend 
November in the State of New York, 
holding meetings and working up a 
State convention, which will most prob- 
ably be held in Syracuse about Nov. 28 
and 29. Pastors Robb, Smith and Knap- 
penberger, of Syracuse, will co-operate, 
and there are bright prospects for a 
strong convention. 



Rev. W. Fenton writes from St. Paul, 
^'During the past two or three months I 
have preached the gospel thirty-two 
times in one of the parks of this city, 
without shunning to declare the gospel 
as it is proclaimed by prophets and apos- 
tles and by our Lord himself. I found it 
impossible, except upon two or three oc- 
casions, to avoid exposing and denounc- 
ing Freemasons and members of other 
secret societies." 



Secretary W. B. Stoddard preached 
one Sabbath in the Mennonite Church, 
near Trenton, Ohio, in October, and lec- 
tured there again on the evening of the 
26th. I^e writes that he appreciated 
much, the kind letters and contributions 
sent to the Dayton convention, but he 
missed hearing from some from whom 
he expected a response. If each friend 
of the cause knew how much his conven- 
tion letter cheers, he would make the 
little sacrifice necessary to send it. Let 
none think that because there are many 
they will not be missed. 



dent. Dr. H. J. Becker, of Dayton; Sec- 
retary, Elder W. I. Hoover, of Dayton; 
Treasurer, W. R. Sterritt, Cedarville. 
The convention resolved that these offi- 
cers constitute a State committee with 
power to use any funds in the treasury 
for the furtherance of the work. 



On the program of the Iowa U. P. 
Synod at Morning Sun, Oct. 11-13, was 
a strong address on the lodge question 
by Rev. J. M. Hamilton, of Reinbeck. 
Rev. W. R. Gray, Synod's clerk, writes 
that ''he laughed secret societies out of 
court. The strong feature of his address 
was the showing of the absurdity and 
ridiculousness of secret societies. Yet 
he did not neglect to show their anti- 
Christian and sinful character. It will 
hardly be possible for any one who 
heard that address ever to hear of their 
boasted charities, or see their dress pa- 
rades, or hear of an initiation service, 
without associating with these things the 
idea of absurdity, ridiculousness and 
folly." 



The Dayton convention met Monday 
afternoon, Oct. 24, in the Baptist Breth- 
ren Church and was opened with devo- 
tional exercises, led by Dr. H. J. Becker. 
1 he pastor of the church. Elder Hoover, 
welcomed the convention with an ear- 
nest address, which was responded to by 
Dr. Becker. Inspiring addresses were 
then given by Bishop Milton Wright, 
and Secretary W. B. Stoddard. In the 
evening Dr. David McDill, LL. D., ad- 
dressed a large audience on "What we 
know of secret societies." The next day 
interesting sessions were held in the 
afternoon and evening, which were oc- 
cupied with a free parliament discussion 
of resolutions, reading letters from those 
unable to attend, and stirring addresses 
from President S. P. Long, of Lima Col- 
lege, Ohio, and President C. A. Blanch- 
ard, of Wheaton College, Illinois. 



The following officers were elected at 
the Ohio State convention: President, 
Rev. S. P. Long, of Lima; Vice Presi- 



During the sessions of the Free Meth- 
odist General Conference in the Waverly 
Theater, Superintendent Hart preached 
the conference sermon Sabbath morn- 
ing, Oct. 16. In defining the Free Meth- 
odists as the "sect everywhere spoken 
against," he said, "They are opposed to 
secretism; that is another popular evil 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



217 



they are against. They ran up against 
that and, of course, were obHged to take 
their position. They do not think that 
any Christian man should swear away a 
God-given right. They do not think 
any professed Christian man should 
swear by such a fearful penalty as hav- 
ing his bowels torn out, his throat cut, his 
tongue torn out by the roots, or by any- 
thing of that kind, should bind himself to 
do a thing of which he is ignorant. They 
believe, further, that if a Christian man 
has light that would benefit the race he 
is under moral obligation to give the race 
the benefit of the light. They believe in 
the words of Jesus Christ, who said, 
'Freely ye have received, freely give.' 
They believe in the words of the Master, 
who said, Tn secret have I said nothing.' 
So they believe in standing openly and 
above-board before God, men and dev- 
ils." 



lege, we may expect much progress in 
the year to come." 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard writes from Day- 
ton, O., under date of Oct. 26: "The 
convention just closed in this city will 
long be remembered by those so fortun- 
ate as to enjoy it as a season refreshing. 
From beginning to end the influence of 
the Divine Spirit was manifest. The ad- 
dresses were all inspiring and of the 
highest order. The attendance was rep- 
resentative, large and appreciative. In 
some ways it excelled any previous con- 
vention I have attended in this State. Oh, 
how it cheered the hearts of pastors of 
Lutheran, Mennonite, Brethren, United 
Brethren and other anti-secrecy denom- 
inations! Many said they had not known 
of the N. C. A. and the denominations 
testifying against the lodges. They felt 
almost alone in their antagonism of this 
gigantic evil. To know there were many 
churches, with hundreds of thousands of 
members, faithfully maintaining a testi- 
mony like to their own, could not fail to 
bring cheer and courage. Owing to the 
generosity of our State President, Dr. 
H. J. Becker, and his co-laborers, Bishop 
Milton Wright, Elder W. I. Hoover 
and Church, the expense of this meeting 
was not large. Collections aggregating 
$57.65 were given in aid of the work. 
Time does not permit even mention of 
the sound arguments brought forth. Un- 
der the leadership of our new President, 
Rev. S. P. Long, President of Lima Col- 



Rev. O. T. Lee, of Northwood, Iowa, 
writes under date of Oct. 17: Sabbath, 
the i6th inst., I visited Belmond, Iowa, 
and preached in the Lutheran Church in 
the morning on mission-work. In the 
lafternoon I addressed a fair audience on 
secret societies. This city of aboiit 1,600 
inhabitants is badly lodge-ridden. Ma- 
sons, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, 
Workmen and Woodmen being well rep- 
resented. The Methodist Church, with 
pastor at the head, consists mainly of se- 
cret society people. Several lodge people 
turned out ''to hear a brilliant display of 
ignorance." I was asked by some mem- 
bers before the lecture if I ever had been 
a member of any lodge. I answered in 
the negative, and of course, this was suf- 
ficient proof of my ignorance. Half an 
hour's talk was sufTficient to prove to all 
who had come that I did really know 
something about secret societies. The 
Woodmen especially were stunned to see 
the genuine ritual in the hands of a pro- 
fane. They were asked to come forward 
and show that this was not the true ritual. 
They admitted that the ritual was genu- 
ine, but that they did not care if the 
secrets were out. An Odd Fellow be- 
came very eloquent when I made the 
statement that the Odd Fellows exclude 
the name of Christ from their prayers. I 
referred him to White's Digest of Laws. 
I hope the talk will have its beneficial in- 
fluence upon the people in Belmond. 
One 'thing is certain, that some young 
men who took in the lecture will be dif- 
ficult to capture by the lodges. 



^o\m from He foHt. 



"What is Masonry that its lodges and 
membership should encircle the world 
and should name as their parallel patrons 
the 'Holy Saint Johns?' It is a great 
moral science founded upon the doc- 
trines of Divine Revelation." — \'oice of 
Masonry. 

Is this true of Masonry in China, in 
Hindostan, in Mexico, Peru, and among 
the North American Indians? Have 
these as the parallel patrons the ''Holy 
Saint Johns," and is iNIasonry in heathen 



218 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



countries "founded upon the doctrines 
of Divine Revelation?" If so, why go to 
the expense and trouble of sending 
Christian missionaries among the heath- 
en? Why not send Masonic mission- 
aries and be done with it? 



'The Grand Chapter (of Georgia) as a 
body visited the tomb of Companion An- 
drew ]\Iartin Wolihin, late Grand Sec- 
retary and there engaged in prayer." — 
Voice of Masonry. 

For whom did they pray? Was it for 
the dead Grand Secretary? Then if so 
Masonry must teach the doctrine of pur- 
gatory. Is Masonry leading its member- 
ship to Popery or when Companion 
Wolihin died did he not go at once to the 
''Grand Lodge above," and are the Geor- 
gia Masons now trving to prav him out 
of it? 



'Tf you take away the id^a of fellow- 
ship, and of a warm and hearty grasp of 
the hand, I would not give you a cent for 
all there is left in Masonry." — Voice of 
Masonry. 

That is exactly so; there is nothing in 
it; it is a sham and a humbug through- 
out, with the possible exception of a little 
sociability. 



'The schools of instruction and the 
visits by Grand Lecturers and others 
have done great good, but have not pro- 
duced perfection in ritual work. Con- 
tinual changes of officers and lapses of 
memory are reasons why good culture is 
not perpetual, but needs to be renewed." 
— Voice of Masonry. 

No occasion to fret, brother; let all the 
officers be supplied with Ronayne's 
Hand Book; that's the easiest and the 
cheapest way to master the ritual and 
then "good culture" shall be "perpetual" 
and "lapses of memory" cannot occur. 



"Freemasonry is an ancient and re- 
spectable institution." — Voice of Ma- 
sonry. 

Yes, truly, Adam was the first Mason, 
but his respectability was in no way en- 
hanced by his fig-leaf apron. 



"The creed of a Mason is the belief in 
God, the Supreme Architect of Heaven 



and Earth, the Dispenser of all good 
gifts and the Judge of the quick and the 
dead, and a belief in the soul's immor- 
tality. It is brief and comprehensive, 
free from scholastic subtleties or sectar- 
ian controversies." — Voice of Masonry. 

Yes, but after all, what does this avail 
when the only real, true, lasting thing in 
Masonry is "the idea of fellowship and of 
a warm and hearty grasp of the hand?" 
"If you take away these," says the Grand 
Master of Knights Templars of the Uni- 
ted States, "I would not give you a cent 
for all there is left in Masonry." Here is 
a man who evidently has no use for the 
Masonic creed of "trust in God and the 
soul's immortality," and yet he is the 
"Grand Master of Knights Templars of 
the United States," and went down to 
Pittsburg last month indulging in the 
stupendous drunk of the Triennial Con- 
clave and sharing in the "fellowship and 
the hearty and warm hand-shake" O'f his 
brother knights. But let us see, the 
"Great Light," as the Bible is termed in 
American Masonry, declares in John 
III., 36, "He that believeth in the Son 
hath everlasting life, and he that be- 
lieveth not the Son shall not see life, but 
the wrath of God abideth on him." Does 
Freemasonry demand faith in the Son 
of God, the Lord Jesus Christ? On the 
contrary, wherever His name occurs in 
any Scripture cjuotation in the ritual, as 
at opening a lodge of Mark Masters, or 
a Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, His 
name is knowingly expunged and can- 
not be used in any ceremony of Ancient 
Craft Masonry. And w^hat does it avail 
a Mason to have an immortal soul if "the 
wrath of God abideth on him" in hell? 
But does Freemasonry really demand 
faith in God? Not at all. On the con- 
trary, Freemasonry makes God a liar — 
that is, the God of the Bible; God the 
Creator, the God and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. Listen! "He that be- 
lieveth not God," not merely believes 
that there is a God, but believes what 
God says, "he that believeth not God 
hath made ITim a liar, because he be- 
lieveth not the record that God gave of 
His Son." John 5: 10. This is the em- 
phatic declaration of the "Great Light," 
but does Masonry accept it? Not all, 
but on the contrary the Bible is as much 
desecrated in a Masonic lodge as the 
American flag: is in a saloon or a brotheL 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSURE. 



219 



**In all Christian lands the Holy Bible, 
that great luminary in Masonry, is always 
open in the lodge as a symbol, etc. It is 
to be the Mason's rule and guide in life." 
— Voice of Masonry. 

But what about the Bible in the Ma- 
sonic lodge in lands not Christian? In 
France, for instance; in China, in Hin- 
dostan, etc.? What in ali these countries 
takes the place of the Bible? Their Ma- 
sonry is just as ancient, just as pure, and 
just as legitimate as in Chicago; so it is 
alleged; but of course there is no Bible. 
And is it really true that even in Christian 
lands the Bible is "the Mason's rule and 
guide in life?" The Square and Com- 
pass are also "Great Lights," and accord- 
ing to Masonic teaching just as great as 
the Bi'ble, and indeed greater. The 
Square "is given to square our actions 
and the Compass to circumscribe our 
desires and keep our passions within due 
bounds." Hence, then, the Bible is not re- 
ceived by Masonry as a sufficient "rule 
and guide in life," the Square and Com- 
pass must be added. This is true or else 
English words and English sentences 
have no meaning. But why prolong this 
criticism, when it may be candidly stated 
that Masonic Grand High Priests, and 
Kings, and preachers make use of more 
meaningless verbiage and high-flown 
English to sound the praises of this anti- 
Chrisitian, illegal and un-American sys- 
tem of pagan nonsense than is to be 
found among any other people on earth. 



Irom^uratatL 



Rev. J. W. Born, Hickory, Pa. — I am 
more than pleased with The Christian 
Cynosure. May God bless the N. C. A., 
its literature and lecturers. 

W. E. Summey, New Richland, C. — 
If Christ spake openly to the world and 
in secret said nothing, then we must 
openly and publicly confess Him. Se- 
cret societies, by their oaths and blas- 
phemies, break every precept of the dec- 
alogue. By their exclusion of women 
and all except the favored few, they evi- 
dence that they are opposed to Chris- 
tian morality. 

Rev. P. M. Swinehart, Masontown, 
Pa. — I heartily agree with The Cyno- 
sure. I never yet have seen what might 



be called a good Oddfellow or ^lason 
who was a good Christian. 

Rev. Cyrus Smith, Grand River, la. — 
It is well known that the lodge rejects 
Christ,' and, as he is the author of all true 
morality, the morals of the lodge are at 
variance with those of Christ, and if they 
ruled society they would sink the world 
to the level of the dark ages. 

Aliss Rena Rezner, Biggsville, 111. — 
My heart aches when I see so many of 
God's children prostituting the church by 
taking in lodges in a body with their 
regalia, and ministers praising this idol- 
atry. Truly we may ask, "Who is able 
to make w^ar with the beast?" 

Rev. J. S. T. Milligan, Allegheny, Pa. 
— I was never so impressed wdth the 
power of the secret orders as I was yes- 
terday at the Knights Templar parade. 
They were men of influence and had it all 
their own way here, both by night and 
day. I have no doubt there were deeds 
of darkness at night as well as pomp and 
show by day. 

Rev. Isaiah Paris, Vernon, W'is. — 
When the world adopts the principle, 
"Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- 
self," there will be no room for patent 
right laws, insurance societies, and, least 
of all, for secret societies pledged to help 
their own members without regard to 
the rights of their neighbors. 

Josiah W. Leeds, Seal, Pa. — Having 
for twenty-five years been interested in 
the abatement of "printed poison," 
whether such be found in the daily news- 
paper press or in the sidewalk newsstand 
supplies, it is with much satisfaction that 
I have read what Charles M. Sheldon has 
to say in his recent 'book, "In His Steps," 
upon the subject of a clean daily paper. 
I would have been glad if, in enumerat- 
ing the points to be considered in connec- 
tion with such a publication, he had made 
special mention of the matter of the the- 
ater advertisements, for I believe that no 
daily paper can manifest a clean, healthy 
Christian life such as Pastor Sheldon 
contends for, if it endeavors to carry 
withal so heavy and noisome a burden as 
the theater — the theater as we well 
know that it really is. Where there is so 
much said that is excellent and helpful, 
I note one other special omission in the 
rehearsal of practical things that stumble 
the individual Christian and that mili- 



220 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



tate against the advancement of the king- 
dom of the Lord Jesus among us, and 
that is the withering, corroding, deaden- 
ing influence of oath-bound secret socie- 
ties. I trust that the mention of so im- 
portant a theme may not be withheld by 
friend C. M. Sheldon in a future edition 
of his book. 



ieiti |liiMkati0!i0. 



"The History and Genealogy of the 
Clark Family," by the "Old ' Liberty 
Singer," George W. Clark, of Detroit, 
is a late 75-page pamphlet, filled with in- 
spiring songs, reminiscences and biog- 
raphy. It will be read with interest by 
all^ who have heard the voice of this in- 
spiring singer, in two great reforms — the 
anti-slavery and the anti-secret. Bro. 
Clark is still alive in Detroit, and will be 
glad to furnish the book for $1 to all who 
write for it. 



"The Nation's Book in the Nation's 
Schools," by Elizabeth Blanchard Cook, 
a notice of which is given on another 
page, is eliciting high commendations 
from distinguished educators. By her 
previous volume of "Bible Readings," 
which has been adopted for use in a vast 
number of our public schools, and by this 
volume clearing away the prejudice and 
misrepresentation that have so long hin- 
dered the use of the Bible, Mrs. Cook, at 
the head of the Chicago Woman's Edu- 
cational Union, has done more than any 
one we know to settle the vexed ques- 
tion of the Bible in the schools, and to 
salt the well springs of our national pros- 
perity. This last book proves that, like 
the sunlight, the Bible is unsectarian. It 
contains the reports from school ofBcers 
and educators of the highest reputation 
on the value of the Bible in the schools, 
and answers all objections raised against 
it. 



We have heard of no book that has had 
such a prodigious sale as "The Beautiful 
Life of Frances E. Willard," recently is- 
sued by the Monarch Book Co., 46-50 
Jackson street, Chicago. Before the 
book was completed, 40,000 copies were 
sold, and more than double that number 
up to date. The author, Miss Anna A. 



Gordon, was for twenty-one vears Miss 
Willard's private secretary and constant 
companion, and, in this book, her re- 
markable talent as a writer is inspired to 
its highest exercise by her love and devo- 
tion to the subject of her story. The 
book tells much of Miss Wallard's his- 
tory not heretofore published, and turns 
many side lights upon her character, in 
childhood, as a student, teacher, traveler, 
organizer, lecturer and reformer. It 
contains 500 pages, and thirty-two full- 
page half-tone illustrations, and is well 
calculated to develop patriotism and the 
noblest spirit of reform. It can be ob- 
tained of the publishers for $2. 



Rev. Granville Ross Pike, until recent- 
ly pastor of a Presbyterian church in 
Pullman, has just written a book entitled, 
"The Divine Drama," which we have 
read with deep interest. The author's 
style is peculiarly original, instructive 
and suggestive. With his doctrine of the 
necessity of social reformation and of 
eliminating the slums as a means of elim- 
inating their product, we are in hearty 
accord and the book is a valuable contri- 
bution to social reform literature. We 
wish the author had given greater em- 
phasis to the Bible as an indispensable 
factor in the regeneration, both of socie- 
ty and the individual. If he had held to 
the Bible theory of creation, the book's 
impress would have been much greater. 
"Man," the author says, "was not spoken 
into being full grown and mature. A 
finite personality requires time and mor- 
al discipline for its unfolding. Human- 
ity as a whole evolves from simple germs, 
as the perfect tree from the tiny seed." 
Darwin lacked a link in his attempt to 
prove this theory. It is like trying to 
prove that man can climb from earth to 
the moon. Future critics would say that 
he only lacked a ladder. But the book is 
interesting reading. It is a 375-page 
volume and is sold for $1.50 by the Mac- 
Millan Publishing Co., 66 Fifth avenue, 
New York. 



Therefore judge nothing before the 
time until the Lord come, who both will 
bring to light the hidden things of dark- 
ness and will make manifest the councils 
of the hearts; and then shall every man 
have praise of God. i Cor. 4 : 5. 



November, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSURE. 



221 



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CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1898. 



The Christian Cynosure. "MUHSOIl No. 2" 



Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $i per year. 

Entered at the Postofflce, Chicago, 111., as second class 
matter. 



The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 

-Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept.), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 
(Friend). 

Rev. M. A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 
Wm. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business Manager, 

to whom all letters containing money and relating to 

the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 

West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 

The Cynosure is sent each month to 
forty-eight States and Territories, includ- 
ing the District of Columbia. It also 
goes to ten different foreign countries. 
None, however, are sent to Delaware, 
Nevada or Alaska. Who will introduce 
The Cynosure into the last three coun- 
tries ? 




The Best Writing Machine. 

THE ONLY 

INTERCHANGEABLE 

STEEL TYPEWHEEL. 

ELEGANTLY ILLUSTRATED 
CATALOQUE FREE. ■ 



Address EDGAR A. HILL, Manufacturer, 

94 and 96 Wendell St., 
CHICAGO. 

HOW A LADY MADE $300. 

A correspondent says: I had no means of supporting 
ray family and began ten weeks ago to sell Non Alcoholic- 
Flavoring Extracts for the U. S. Fruit Co., St. Louis, Mo. 
I have cleared over $300.00. The Extracts are in pow- 
dered form and meet with universal demand. All house- 
keepers prefer them because they are perfectly pure and 
stronger than the liquid extracts. My brother has takea 
up the work with me and is very successful. The U. S. 
Fruit Company will start any of' your readers. Why be 
idle when you can make $30.00 per week? I give my ex- 
perience for the benefit of other poor people. 



NEW PREMIUM!! 



JUST OUT!! 



Tie Mioi's Boot ii tie Natioi's Mools. 

By ELIZABETH BLANCHARD COOK. 
Many Educators and Other Eminent Persons Have Contributed to the Value of This Book. 



Address CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, 221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 

For this book. In cloth, 75 cents. Paper, 50 cents. With a subscription to the Cynosure one 

year — cloth, $1.50; paper, $1.20. For one renewal and one new subscription, 

with $2.00, we will send this book in cloth free. 



President McKinlet, in acknowledging the receipt 
of this book, wrote the author: "The more profoundly 
we study this wonderful book, the Bible, and the more 
closely we observe its divine precepts, the better citizens 
we will become and the higher will be our destiny as a 
nation." 

Hon. Charles Emory Smith, Postmaster General, 
writes: '-The right of children to the use of the Bible in 
the schools, and allied topics of the last degree of impor- 
tance for the enlargement and emolument of the destiny 
of our country, are ably presented in this book, making 
it a work of unique and burning interest to educators, 
ministers, parents and all the youth of our beloved land." 



The Chicago Chronicle says : "The book may fairly 
be said to be a very complete and earnest presentation of 
the whole case, as regards what is new being done from 
a candid, non-sectarian point of view." 

The Baltimore American says : "The Chicago Wom- 
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Book in the Nation's Schools,' by Elizabeth Blanchard 
Cook, with an introduction by Newell D. Hillis, D. D. 
This book is a plea for the moral instruction of millions 
of public school children, and its brief, historical and 
practical way of treating the subject of Bible reading in 
the schools commends it to thinkers and workers in ev- 
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Freemasonry Illustrated. First 

three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
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Thft accuracy of these expositions attested by 
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Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
!^hapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 
'Uustrated. 

Knight Templarisn Illustrated. 

.1 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
full illustrated ri^ al of the six degrees of 
ttie Council and Commandery. 

fiand-Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Scotch Rite flasonrj'^ Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1 .00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of tne entir:: 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
gre'^s are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. II comprises the degrees from igth to 33rd 
kwciusive, with the sierns, grips, tokens and pass- 
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Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Ecce Orient!. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of t^e First 
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Candidate. 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n,^ 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Giving_the degrees of Mark Master. Past Master. 
M'MrtK'^r'^lVapt Master *nd Rovui Arch. 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 



^l 



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'.lasonic Degrees, Knights of the Red Cross, 
knight Templar and Knight oi Malta, iith to 13th 
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Allyn*s Ritual of Freemasonry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, §5.00. 
Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge. Chapter Council and Commandery, 11 of 
the Scotch Kite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Kev to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orange Societies'. 

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 
Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ing^, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der tor the seven degrees, inclu'ang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as " Freemasonry jlustrated." 

Richardson's Monj^or of Freema- 
sonry. Cloth, $i.2*>; paper, 75c. 
Contains the ceremonies of^ Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only ve^ incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it ^ives but a description 
and general idea of the degrees rather than the 
full ntual. 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry I'Vif* 

trated or the Handbook of Free^asomy at a 

quarter the price. 

Council of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in Cypher, 8th to loth inclusive, 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
ter and Super Excellent Master. 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
)aper, 25c. 

in Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty* 
wo degree Masons. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 1 6 pages, 

5c 
Freemasonry Contrary to the 
Chri.stian Religion. By " Spectator," 
Atlanta, Ga. 16 pages 5c. 

Hon. Thurlow Weed on the Mor- 
gan Abduction. 16 pages 5c. 

This is the legally attested statement of this 
eminent Christian journalist and statesman con- 
cerning the unlawful seizure and confinement of 
Capt. Morgan in Canandaigua jail, his removal to 
Fort Niagara and subsequent drowning in Lake 
Ontario. 

Freemasonry a Fourfold Con- 
spiracy. 16 pages, 5c. 

Address of Pres. J. Blanchard. This is a most 
convincing argument against the lodge. 

Mah-Hah=Bone; 589 pages; Si.oo 

Comprises the Hand Book, Master's Carpet and 
Freemasonry at a glance. 

ON ODD-FELLOWSHIP. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
per cover, 25c. 
This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus^ 

sion of the chara ;ter of Od^.-fellowsnip, in the fomi 

of a dialogue. 



Fl 



224 OHRISTIAjN CYNOSURE. November, 1898. 

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quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
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•alvsis of each degree by ex-President J. Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
Books" furnished oy the Sovereign Grand Lodere. 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church. IOC. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
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Exposition of the Grange. 25c. 

Edited by Rev. A. W. 3eeslin. Illustrated with 
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History Nat*l Christian Associ- 
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Its origin, objects, what it has done and aims to 
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Secret Societies. Cloth 35c, papc 
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A discussion of their character and claims hj 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Exlward Beecher. 

The Master's Carpet or flasonry 
and Baal Worship Identical. Bound 

in fine cloth. 400 pages. 75c. 
Explains the true source and meaning of- every 
ceremony and symbol of the lodge. 

Disloyal Secret Oaths. 5c. 

By Joseph Cook, Boston. He quotes the law of 
Vermont which makes the administration of the 
Masonic oaths illegal. Joseph Cook's address is a 
national treatment of a national subject, and very 
valuable for reference. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 
D« Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c 

Finney on flasonry. Cloth 75c., 

paper 35c. 

The character, claims and practical workings of 
Freemasonry. By ex-Pres. Charles G. Finney, of 
Oberlin College. President Finney was a " bright 
Mason," but left the lodge when he became a 
Christian. This book has opened the eyes cf 
multitudes. 

riasonic Oaths Null and Void: or 
Freemasony Seif°Convicted. 207 

pages. Postpaid, 40c. 

This is a book for the times. The design of the 
author is to refute the arguments of those who 
claim that the oaths of Freemasonry are binding 
upon those who take them. 

Judge Whitney's Defence before 
the Grand Lodge of Illinois. 15c. 

Judge Daniel H. Whitney was Master of the 
lodge when S. H. Keith, a member of his lodge, 
murdered Ellen Slade. Judge Whitney, by at- 
tempting to bring Keith to justice, brought on 
himself the vengeance of the lodge, but he boldly 
replied to the charges against him. and afterwards 
renounced Mason'"v. 

General Washington Opposed to 
Secret Societies. loc. 

This is a re-publication of Governor Joseph Rit- 
ner's "Vindication of General Washington from 
the Stigma of Adherence to Secret Societies," 
communicated to the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania^ March 8, 1837, at their special re- 
quest. To this is added the fact that three high. 
Masons were the only perso.iS who opposed a vote 
of thanks to Washington on his retirement to pri- 
vate life-undoubtedly because they considered him 
a seceding Freemasoa 

ilorgan's Exposition, Abduction 

and riurder and Oaths of 33 degrees. 

304 pages, cloth, $1.00, 
" Composed of Freemasonry Exposed." by Capt. 
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Reminiscences of Morgan Times," and "Oaths 
and Penalties, of 33 Degrees." 

Oaths and Penalties of Freemason- 
ry, as proved in court in New Berlin 
iiials. IOC. 

The New Berlin trials began in the attempt ot 
Freemasons to prevent public initiation by se'-ed- 
ing Masons. These trials were held at New Berlin. 
Chenango Co., N. Y., April 13 and 14, 1831, anr* 
General Augustus C. Welsh, sheriff of the countv. 
and other adhering Freemasons swore to the W\tL 
tul rpvelation of the oaths and ipemJties, 



CYNOSURE REflDERa 

AHENTION! 



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Cynosure Office, 221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 



^9i 











REV. SAMUEL H. SWARTZ. 



CONTENTS. 



CoiiTradictioiis of Freemasonry 227 

Freemasonry— What Has It Done?. . : . . 229 

Symposium— College Fraternities. 230 

Tlieir Extravagance . 230 

Prevent Revivals Among Students 230 

Question Not Overlooked 230 

Their Wily Tactics 230 

College Fraternity Question . 231 

They Destroy Religious Interest . 231 

Feeders for Higher Orders. ., . 231 

Shameful Initiation at Westminster. .. . 231 

Fraternities at Yale 232 

Student Murdered at Cornell 232 

Another Cornell Murder. .............. 232 

Monmouth College Fraternities 232 

Distressing Instance 233 

Barbarous College Fraternities . . - 233 

Female Fraternity Outrage 233 

California Students' Outrage 233 

Frightful Ghost Initiation 234 

Boy's Fatal Initiation 234 

Shocking Initiation in Missouri. ..... . . 234 



Student Hazed to Death 234^ 

Summary of Objections 235 

Experience of Bro. Galloway 235 

Overrunning the Chicago University. , . 23t> 

Our Question Drawer. 237 

Editorial— Should the Government Inter- 
fere , 238- 

Tyranny of Labor Unions ■. . . . 23& 

Initiation that May Prove Fatal 239- 

Freemasonry in Turkey 240 

Rev. Wm. C. Smith. 241 

A Presbyterian's Oi^inion of the Con- 
clave .. .. . 241 

Senator Mason Joins the Lodge 242 

Rev. R. A. Torrey as a Teacher 242 

Voices from the Lodge. 243 

Seceders' Testimonies 244 

News of Our Work 246 

From Our Mail ..... 250 

Manipulating the Jurors 251 

E. Ronayne's New Book 252 

New Publications 252 



NfiTlONftL CHRISTIAN llSSOCIflTlON. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois In 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
moet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 
fects. 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named oflScers 



and agents are also the Free Methodist, Con- 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical^ 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea, Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 
Chicago. 

The association is supported by the free 
will offering® and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



Prosideiit— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, 111. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon. 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Sec/etary— Mrs. Nora E. Rel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure— Rev. M. A. 
jOanVt 22l1 Wost Mflii!:fX)n Street. Chicago. 



BOARD OF DIRBarORS. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, B. A. Cook. 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 
DISTRICT SECRETARIES. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard WaahiDgfv)ii D. C. 





"Jesus answered him,— I spake openly to the world; aud io secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXI. 



CHICAGO, DECEMBER, 1898. 



NUMBER 8. 



PUI'.LISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

211 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

TBRnS OF SUBSCRJPTIGN. 

PRICE —Per vear. in advnnce. $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; tingle copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.-Wc find that a larj?e number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their hies broken m case 
tht-y t-iil to remit befote expiration, Itjs thereiore 
assumed, nnlc-s notification to discontinue 1s re- 
ceived, that tlie subscriber wishes no interuption in 
h;s series. Ntitification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time aunng the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.-Many persons subscribe 
for Thb Christian CyN"SUkB to be sent to 
triends. In such casas, it we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue .it expiration, and to send no bill ior 
the ensuing year. 



The Xe\v York convention at Syra- 
cuse is in session as we go to press. 

The next C}nosure Symposium will 
be "The Bible on the Lodge Question." 



Oiu- contributors will take note that 
Avhat we want for our next numbe'r is 
clear, practical, pointed applications of 
.Bible texts to the secret lodge question. 



The Miasons of Utica, X. Y., latcl\' 
held a fair in Masonic Temple, and re- 
ported that they took in $15,000. This 
was from the g'eneral public, which con- 
tril:)Uted this amount for the various sen- 
suous ]:)lcasures offered, chief among 
which were dancino' and "'amblin"". 



In the Christian brotherhood all 



are 

free, male or female. How different are 
the dark secret lo'dge broth ei^hoods. .Vn 
asso'ciated press dispatch says,, "A lodge 



of the order of the Elks, composed of 
colored men, has been organized in Cin- 
cinnati, (irand Exalted Rule- Galvin.. 
of the order, says the action is wholl}' 
without 'warrant and clearly void, as the 
constitution provides that the members 
shall be w^hite. He will take no action 
unless the new^ lodge undertakes to use 
the name B. P. (>. E. In that case he 
Avill undertake to enjoin them." 



We are glad to furnish our readers 
this month with an excellent picture of 
the President of the Xatioual Christian 
Association, Rev. Samuel H. Swarts, the 
beloved pastor of the M. E. Church at 
Aurora, HI. Pie has served as pastor in 
Chicago and other influential points, 
evervwhere gaining a strong hold upon 
the hearts of his people by his Christian 
sympathy and soul-stirring presenta- 
tions of Bible truth. He has rendered 
invaluable service to our association, not 
only by his wise council, as its presiding 
officer, but by his elocpient and powerful 
addresses from the ]:)latform. 



We earnestly dissein from the po.-i- 
tion of Bishop W'arren in th.is number 
in calling the family a secret society. It 
has private features, to be sure, that are 
secluded from the gejieral public, but the 
P>ishop's family differs, we hope, widely 
fi'om the secret lodge in that, if we were 
to visit his home in Denver, he woul'd 
not keep us outside until he would swear 
us on bended, naked knee, and with bare 
breast, and eyes bandaged, that we would 
n wer tell what we would see inside his 
home, under penalty of having our throat 
cut across, our tongue torn out by its 
roots and our body buried in the rough 
sands of the sea at low water mark, etc.. 



226 



OHRLSTIAJSI OYNO'SUHE. 



December. 1898. 



With regard to the reigning influence 
of the Jesuits in the Church of Rome, 
^Nlons. de Pradt, formerly Roman Arch- 
bishop of ]\Io'hnes, France, wrote as fol- 
lows: "In one of the French colleges, 
over the altar, they (the Jesuits) placed a 
famous painting which illustrated their 
ambitious schemes. The church was 
represented as a ship, on .board of which 
appeared the Pope, cardinals, prelates 
and all the papal hierarchy, while the 
rudder was held by the Jesuits." 



A special from Washington, dated 
Xov. 13, to the New York World, says 
that the Apostolic delegate has received 
from Rome an 'important decree remov- 
ing the ban from Masonr\% allowing 
priests to ofihciate at the funeral of de- 
ceased Masons, and permitting their in- 
terment in consecrated ground, pro- 
vided they were not openly ho'stile to tl;e 
■church, and had expressed a willingness 
to be reconciled to their former faith. 
The Times-Herald of this city says, this 
decree is pleasing to many Roman Cath- 
olics who were excomunicated some 
years ago by a papal degree forbidding 
such rites to Masons. They consider 
that it means the church will soon open 
its doors for all Miasons. Wm. Dillon, 
editor of the Irish World, says, the pope 
is getting to see that Masonry in the 
Cnited States is quite different, and is a 
less dangerous political factor than Ma- 
sonry in England. 

General M. C. Butler of South Caro- 
lina, a member of the Cuban Evacuation 
'Commission, arrived in Washington Nov 
26, in response to a summons fromx Pres- 
ident McKinley. In a two hours' con- 
sultation he gave the President an ex- 
tended report of the Cuban situation. 
He reports that the Cubans are ambi- 
tious for self government, and anxious 
to avoid friction with the American au- 
thorities. If military control is exer- 
cised with discretion, he believes there 
will be little trouble. One of the mo-st 
troublesome features o'f the situation is 
the criminal class and the dif^culty of 
■determining in the case of prisoners who 
are incarcerated for political offenses 
and who for crime. He says there has 
existed in Havana an oath- bound or- 
ganization simila.r to the Italian Mafia, 
known as the Nanigo, which was a 



source of terror to the inhabitants. One 
of the few commendable acts of Weyler 
was the deportation of about 700 of the 
-members of this organization, to the 
penal colony of Ceuta. But fears are 
expressed that these criminals may re- 
turn, or that the order may be revived 
bv some of tho'Se who were not banished. 



The Christian Insitructor, in comment- 
ing on a class row in one of their colleges, 
said several years ago: "The fraternity 
is the fruitful source of much trouble. 
But in the United Presbyterian colleges 
there should be no such root of evil. It 
is an evil, 'however, 'that is hidden and 
snakish in its ways. Sometimes it exists 
.w'hen it is not suspected, or at least can- 
not be proven to exist. It is understoO'd 
that every student in our colleges signs 
an agreement that he will not belong to 
any secret fraternity, and then it has been 
found that these students for years vio- 
late their pledges and still were tolerated. 
As an elder once remarked in a meeting 
of session, 'When a man once gets into 
a secret order you can never depend on 
what he says afterward.' There is a dan- 
ger at leasit that a habit of concealing 
facts will be contradicted, that wil'l ever 
make him unreliable 'w^hen the truth is at 
stake. On account of this danger all such 
secret orders sho:uld be carefully and per- 
sistently shunned by young people, men 
or women." 



The Syracuse, N. Y., Post of recent 
date, says: ''The freshman fraternity. 
Beta Delta Beta, has been revived and 
a number of men have been initiated who 
will run a worfthy rival to Theta Nu Ep- 
silon, the sophomore 'frat.' For the past 
few years Theta Nu Epsilon and Beta 
Delta Beta have been degenerating. 
Last year it was thoiight on University 
tlill that T. N. E. had died out entirely 
and would not be revived. A number of 
the older members, however, were keep- 
ing its life smoldering, and when the 
proper time came a few men who were 
unwilling to see the fraternity go out of 
existence held a 'model' T. N. E. initia- 
tion, from which objectionable features 
were removed. A number of men were 
taken into the 'devilisli' circles. A T. N. 
E. ball was one of the features of com- 
mencement week, and since that time 



December, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSUIRE. 



'feeds' and banquets have been in order." 
The whole influence of such balls and 
banquets is to promote licentiousness 
and intemperance, and in tliose circles 
where rhese vices are most contagious. 



CONTRADICTIONS OF FREEMASONRY 



EDMUND ROXAYNK. 



While the Church of Rome is to be 
accounted one of the oldest, most subtle 
and powerful of the secret societies, and 
proof of this is accessible and unerring, 
it is also equally in evidence that the 
' Jesuits and their instruments, compris- 
ing a much worse fraternity, continually 
propagate their pernicious doctrines and 
practices, either with or without the con- 
sent of the reigning pope, who himself is 
not secure from their censure. It bas 
been stated by competent witnesses that 
the secret machinery of Freemasonry 
and Jesuitism is so similar, tbat their 
secret work is almost identical, and that 
they are greatly in harmony with each 
other, although hypocritically antago- 
nistic. The diange in the policy of the 
Vatican towards Freemasonry, perhaps, 
may be traced to the influence of the 
Jesuits. 



A special from Ann Arbor, Mich., says : 
"The members of the Zion Lutheran 
church have rescinded the action taken a 
•week ago when they sustained the pas- 
tor, Rev. A. Nicklas, in the stand be 
took in regard to the excomunication of 
members of secret societies, sudh as the 
Miasons and Oddfelliows. I\lr. Nicklas 
was admonished that hereafter he must 
preach the word of God and leave secret 
societies ailo'ue, as he had hitherto done 
before he had attacked these organiza- 
tions. On tlie question of a constitu- 
tional provision of the church which says 
that the pastor is the sole judge of whom 
he is to give communion to, it was natur- 
ally sustained, and on the enforcement 
of this latter proposition, will come the 
great test as to the stability of the local 
church." The Zion Lutheran church 
sliould know that their pastor cannot 
leave secret societies alone and preach 
the Word of God. The reason so many 
pastors leave secret societies alone is be- 
cause they do not preach the Word of 
Giod; They skip over the many texts 
that condemn the false religion of the 
lodge. They slum to declare the whole 
council of God for fear men will forbear. 



In the August number of The Cyno- 
sure I attempted, in a brief article under 
the above heading, to point out how^ Ma- 
sonry wilfully and of necessity contra- 
dicts itself as to the use it makes of the 
Bible in its lodges and pubUc proces- 
sions. The Masonic ritual asserts for a 
purpose that "the Bible is given to us as 
the rule and guide of our faith;" that it is 
"the inestimable gift of God to man," 
etc. (See "Handbook of Freemasonry," 
PP- 77^ 93-) But these assertions are 
subsequently contradicted or explained 
away when it declares that "Freemason- 
ry has nothing whatever to do with the 
Bible," that "the Bible is used among 
Masons as a symbol of the will of God, 
however it may be expressed," and that 
the moral law of Masonry is merely the 
lex natura, or law of nature." (See "blas- 
ter's Carpet," pp. 6o, yy, 132.) I shall 
now endeavor to show how it again con- 
tradicts itself with regard to the use it 
makes of the name of God in all of itj 
pagan mummeries and grotesque initia- 
tions. 

Freemasons in the British Empire and 
the LTnited States are extremely loud in 
their boasting that "no atheist can be 
made a Mason," that "trust in God" is 
the first and chief tenet in the ^lasonic 
creed," and that the very first question 
proposed to a candidate on first entering 
a lodge of Masons is, "In whom do you 
put your trust?" when his answer mus) 
be, "In God." Now this boastful and 
irreverent use of God's name in the Ala- 
sonic system is just as false, just as con- 
tradictory and just as impious as that in 
relation to Gpd's Word. If Freemasonry 
repudiates God's Word, surely it cannot 
be sincere, and it is not sincere in the use 
it makes of God's liame. 

But what is meant in the Masonic phil- 
osophy when it demands "trust in God" 
from each of its candidates? Does it 
mean that the candidate nuist believe 
what God says? is it implied that he is 
to take God at Plis word, and accept 
(lod's will, and God's law, and God's 
\\'ord as the unerring rule of his life, 
whether as to faith or practice? Surely 
not. There is not the least thought of all 
this in the Masonic lodee. God's writ- 



22S 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



DeeembeT. 1898. 



ten word is there but a mere symbol, a 
simple article of furniture, and is placed 
on a common level with the square and 
compass, and this being unquestionably 
the case, how can it be honestly claimed 
that jNIasonry demands trust in God? 
(See "Handbook of Masonry," p. 93.) 
No, it is like all else in the Masonic ritual, 
a self-contradiction. You cannot trust in 
God unless you believe His Word, be- 
lieve what he says, and if a Mason will 
only believe what God says he can no 
longer remain a Mason. Suppose you're 
doing business with a merchant and pur- 
chase from him a bill of goods for which 
you promise to pay in thirty days. The 
merchant will either trust you or he will 
not. If he believes your word — if he has 
confidence in what you say — he will let 
you have the goods on your word, but 
■otherwise he will not. It is not enough 
that he knows you live in such and such 
a place; he must trust in your promise; 
he must believe in your word, and just so 
it is with Freemasonry. 

It is not of the slightest use for a Ma- 
son or any other man to believe that there 
is a God unless he believes what God 
says, for "without faith it is impossible 
to please Him, for he that cometh to God 
must not only believe that He is, but also 
that He is a rewarder of them that dili- 
gently seek Him," Heb. xi., 6. The only 
wav to God is through the Lord Jesus 
Ghrist, Eph. ii., 18, and therefore any 
system or any man that rejects Christ re- 
jects God, rejects His word, rejects His 
salvation, and has nothing to expect in 
-the end, but "a fearful looking for of 
judgment and fiery indignation that shall 
devour the adversaries," Heb. x., 27. God 
declares: "The wages of sin is death, 
but the gift of God is eternal life through 
Jesus Christ, our Lord," Rom. vi., 23. 
Does Masonry require belief in this? God 
says: "Neither is there salvation in any 
other, for there is no other name under 
heaven given among men whereby we 
must be saved," Acts iv., 12. Does Ma- 
sonry accept what God so plainly lays 
down in this scripture? God says: "This 
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well 
■pleased, hear ye Him," Matt, xvii., 5. 
Does Masonry accept and obey this di- 
v^ine declaration and command? 

Again God says: "This same Jesus 
which is taken up from you into heaven 
shall so come in h'.ke manner, as ye have 



seen Him go into heaven," Acts i., 11. 
"Who shall also change our body of hu- 
miliation that it may be fashioned like 
unto His own body of glory," Phil, iii., 
21; but does Freemasonry make even 
the slightest pretense to demand faith in 
any of these plain, simple and beautiful 
declarations which God has made? Sure- 
ly not. Freemasonry does not accept 
one solitary declaration that God sets 
forth in His written word concerning 
the Lord Jesus and salvation through 
Him, and hence is it not the merest hum- 
bug, the silliest nonsense, if not the most 
stupid of all blasphemies to pretend to 
inculcate trust in a God whose most sa- 
cred and emphatic commands it does not 
believe? To trust in God and not be- 
lieve one word of what God says! Sure- 
ly, there can be no more glaring contra- 
diction than this, and yet this is precisely 
the light in which Masonry appears, and 
this is the miserable heap of rubbish and 
sillv twaddle which learned professors, 
college presidents and doctors of so-call- 
ed divinity so unblushingly boast of and 
so generally endeavor to defend. Free- 
masonry repudiates and rejects both the 
Word ot God and the Son of God, and 
hence, when it makes a pretense of de- 
manding trust in God it displays an 
amount of arrogance, buffoonery and de- 
ceit which I really believe is nothing 
more or less than the direct inspiration 
of Satan himself, Eph. ii., 2. 

The law of God, as expressed in the 
Bible, is not the law of Masonry, as we 
have seen above, but the lex natura, or 
law of nature, and hence the God of the 
Bible, the God of Calvary, the God and 
Father of our Lord Jesus Christ is not 
the God alluded to in'the Masonic ritual, 
but simply the god of nature, the an- 
cient sun god of paganism ; but God and 
the Bible 'are made use of to catch the 
professing Christian public, and as a 
means in the hands of Satan to counter- 
act the influence of the gospel of Christ. 
The Masonry of the Grand Lodge of 
France is just as good, as ancient and as 
legitimate as the Freemasonry of Ameri- 
ca, and yet the Grand Lodge of France 
has expunged the name of God alto- 
gether from its ritual. Is it not plain, 
therefore, that here in America the name 
of God and the Word of God are simply 
used to deceive? And I challenge any 
Masonic minister in all this land to prove 



December, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



229 



that Freemasonry demands trnst in the 
•one only true and hving God, in any 
honest or true sense whatever. 
104 Milton avenue, Chicago. 



FREEMASONRY. 



What Has It Done in the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury? 



RF.V. I. r, srODDARD. 



Early in the century it had a member- 
ship of fifty thousand. W'hen, in 1826, 
it murdered Capt. Wm. Morgan for pub- 
lishing its ritual and oaths, it defied civil 
authority and defeated every effort to de- 
tect and punish 'his murderers. Und-er 
pressure ol public indignation, forty-five 
thousand members left their lodges and 
it was proclaimed from "the housetops" 
what was "done in their secret cham- 
bers." Its s'h'attered forces found protec- 
tion under the wings of American slav- 
■er}^ there furnishing a convenient asy- 
lum in its lodge rooms for conspirators, 
until the civil war gave it a new lease of 
life on Nortihern soil. During t'hat bloodv 
conflict and since its close, it has been 
swearing men into its night lodges by 
thousands. 

From material in the ''Blue Lodges" 
it has constructed an Empire of 142 de- 
grees in the United States, having kings 
and subjects, priests and suppliants, wor- 
shipful masters and underlings. It lias 
organized and equipped an army of 
Knights, independent of constitutional 
governmeii'L, and not directed by the 
President or Secretary of War, but by 
the Secret Empire. Lender the term 
"Covenant," which makes the Mason, 
Robt. Morris, LL. D., and a •33d degree 
niem'ber. declares the irresponsibilit\' of 
i t s go V e r nm e n t i n a s i ngl e s e n t e n c e : " X o 
law of the land can affect it; no anathama 
of the church can weaken it." The ^lis- 
souri Grand Lodge in 1867 added these 
words: "We are a nation of men only; 
bound to each other by Masonic ttes as 
citizens of the world, and that world the 
world of M!asonr\' — brothers to each 
other all the world over, foreigners to 
all the world beside." 

In 1851 it expelled Daniel li. Whitney 
from the Grand Lodge of Illinois, be- 
cause he refused to protect Sanniel L. 



Keith, a member of the lodge of which 
Judge Whitney was "Worshipful !\Ias- 
ter," at the time w'hen Keith was charged 
with the ruin, and subsecpient murder of 
Ellen Slade. On the 23d of December, 
1895, it expelled Frederick C. Jackson 
from Hartford (•Conn.) Lodge Xo. 88, 
for grossly un-Masonic conduct, l:)ecause 
in a civil court, he testified against Mal- 
com R. Griswold, a brother Mason, who 
was found guilty of arson .and sentenced 
to the common State's prison. 

March 24, 1864, it introduced Senate 
Bill X^o. 130 in Congress, asking an act of 
incorporation, which, Senator Doolittle 
characterized as "The most comprehen- 
sive section I ever saw put into law. 
There is no limit as to stock, and no limit 
as to real estate, and under this, the cor- 
poration created might buy the city of 
Washington, run all the hotels, and per- 
haps all the banking establishments in 
the district." In i8g6, the lodges in \\^or- 
cester, Mass., attempted to secure the 
passage of an act in the Massachusetts 
Legislature, empowering the fraternity 
to acquire and control an unlimited 
amount of personal and real estate under 
the folloiwing bill: Be it enacted by the 
vSenate and House of Representatives in 
General 'Court assembled, and h}- the 
authority of the same, as follows : The 
trustees of the M-asonic fraternity of 
Worcester, Mass., is hereby authorized to 
lease, furnish, equip and sub-let such real 
estate as it may think desirable for the 
use of the fraternity of Free and Accept- 
ed Masons in the city of Worcester. 

It has unequally }oked drunkards and 
church members, gamblers and deacons, 
libertines and preachers in the fellowship 
of the Masonic brotherhood. It has be- 
fogged even ministers until some give 
their presence, example and influence in 
support of sun worsihip, as practiced in 
the "Blue Lodges."- It has quoted from 
God's Book, but expunged the name of 
His Son and imposed a Christless relig- 
ion upon its members. 

It has been, and is still, schooling its 
members in duplicity; to "ever conceal, 
and never reveal" its secrets. It has been 
condenmed by such able statesmen and 
jurists as Chas. Sumner and Daniel Web- 
ster, and such eminent divines as Finne}-. 
Colver, Moody and \'arley. "Where- 
fore come out from amono- them, and be 



230 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 189S: 



ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not 
the unclean thing." — 2 Gor. 6:17. 

218 Cohnnbus avenue, Boston, [Mass. 



ffiur f i)mpo0tum. 



COLLEGE FEATERNITIES, 

THEIR EXTRAVAGANCE. 



College secret societies are expensive 
and lead to extravagance. The Chicago 
dailies frequently give reports of frater- 
nity banquets in the best hotels, which 
only the wealthy students can afford. 
Their initiation costs the students from 
$5 to $25 a year. The rent of then- halls 
often costs more than $200 a year. At 
Yale they have windowless, .gloomy, 
tomb-like structures, costing $10,000 
and $50,000. At AVilliams there is a 
secret society hall costing $15,000. 
Their conventions and banquets are a 
'heavv financial drain on the student dur- 



ing life. 



PREVENT ^{EVIVALS AMONG STU- 
DENTS. 



It is seldom we hear of true revivals 
of religion, in colleges where these secret, 
selfish combinations are tolerated. By 
shielding wrong-doers, educating the 
evil spirit of selfishness and corrupting 
morals by evil associations, they grieve 
the Holy Spirit and are detrimental to re- 
vivals of religion. Dr. John A. Wilson 
of the Allegheny U. P. Theological Sem- 
inary, said in a sermon before the stu- 
dents of Wooster, Ohio, University : 

"The University of Lewisburg, Pa., 
used to be infested with fraternities. But 
in the fall of 1865, the college was blessed 
with a marked revival of religion. At 
once a strong opposition arose to secret 
societies. Many of their best members 
withdrew and became leaders of the op- 
position to these societies whose evil in- 
fluence they had experienced. At the 
suggestion of the faculty, the trustees 
banished fraternities from the college, 
and the testimony is that subsequent ex- 
perience has amply justified their action. 

"0,tha^t the spirit of God might come in 
power upon our college, that these young 
men and women in whom are so manv 



possibilities for good or ill, might be 
lifted up from the low, selfish, scheming., 
sinful, destructive societies that are warp- 
ing the character and dwarfing the souls- 
of so many who had else been generous,, 
gifted, forceful members of society.'' 



QUESTION NOT OVERLOOKED. 

Some who have only been readers of.' 
the Cynosure for a short time have writ- 
ten us that our magazine overlooks the 
question of college fraternities. But from 
the beginning this subject has received 
its full share of discussion. The former 
editor, Rev. H. L. Hellogg, at one time 
made a specialty of this subject and col- 
lected a large amount of material by cor- 
respondence with college presidents and 
others, which was published in book 
form, and is for sale at this office. Our 
good brother Rev. E. Thompson, of 
Senecaville, Ohio, writes : "Having been 
a reader of the Cynosure for a series of 
years, ^and, I may say a pretty diligent 
one, I am prepared to affirm that college- 
fraternities have received merited antag- 
onism and faithful ventilation in the col- 
umns of the Pole Star from time to time. 
If any one supposes that these fraterni- 
ties have been ignored by the Cynosure, 
such a one labors under a great mistake.'" 



THEIR WILY TACTIOS. 



These fraternities, like the higher or- 
ders, use tactics the most deceptive and 
underhanded calculated to deceive if pos- 
sible the very elect. Says the late Dr. 
J. M. Fulton, of Allegheny: "They must 
do their work in the dark. They must act 
lies and almost tell lies to hide them- 
selves. They put forward some ambi- 
tious fellow to do their work, that is not 
a secret society man at all. Everybody 
thinks he is. The men that are making 
the plans and providing the ammunition 
are not seen. They may be sitting in the 
councils of the anti-secret men, or be giv- 
ing pointers to the faculty. They are liv- 
ing a double life that is leading to hypoc- 
risy, deceit and dishonesty in the worst, 
forms.'' 



Every true Christian's conduct should 
be luminous and above board. He must 
be a living epistle known and read of all 
men. 



December, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



!31 



COLLEGE FRATERNITY QUESTION. 



In 1873, the National Christian Asso- 
ciation addressed letters of inquiry to 
many colleg-es respecting the Greek- 
letter fraterniity and out of a list of forty- 
eight colleges, the replies from forty-five 
testified that their nature and tendency 
were evil. Princeton has recently pro- 
hibited college fraternities after a long 
experience with them. President D. A. 
Wallace, for twenty-live years president 
•of Monmouth College, wrote: "From 
careful observation I am fully persuaded 
that very great evils are necessarily at- 
tadhed to the existence of a secret society 
in a college. " Dr. Howard Crosby, for 
a time chance'l'lor of the University of 
New York, said, "College secret socie- 
ties interfere with a faithful course of 
study. They are naturally used for dis- 
turbance of public order, and they in- 
jure the regular literary societies of the 
.college." 



FEEDERS FOR HIGHER ORDERS. 



The friends of anti-secrecy have often 
remarked that when men are seduced to 
join some of the minor secret orders, they 
cease to testify against the major and 
more sinful orders. The prince of dark- 
ness uses these minor orders as stepping 
stones enabling him more easily to scale 
the church's wall of opposition. They 
are also training schools or nurseries in 
which young men are drilled for entering 
the higher orders. Asbury D. Arthur, of 
the State University at Iowa City, says 
of college secret fraternities: "While 
they may, in a measure owe their origin 
to such societies as the Masonic, and 
'doubtless pattern after them to a certain 
extent, yet they directly encourage a 
} oung man to enter these older and more 
powerful lodges. As with all sin, a young 
man having here ohtained ;his first taste, 
he is very likely to wish to drink deeper. 
A college fraternity is a direct feeder for 
the Masonic, Knights of Pythias or Odd 
Fellow lodo'cs." 



THEY DESTROY RELIGIOUS INTEREST 



noticeable that as young men joined 
them, and were absorbed by them, they 
lost their interest in better things. Boys 
who brought to college the practices of 
their early homes, at first attended church 
and prayer meeting, and seemed hearty 
in their interest in rehgion, but so soon 
as they leagued themselves with the se- 
cret fraternity these commendable prac- 
tices and dispositions were given up. 
The societies absorbed them. They 
seemed, also, to feel that they had black- 
slidden from their faith and former good 
habits. We hoped that these perverted 
habits would be overcome in after years. 
In some cases it was so, but usually the 
taste for such affiliations having been 
stimulated and indulged in college, it in- 
creased afterwards and in many cases in- 
stead of the church and religion claiming 
the man, he became a devotee of the 
lodge; and in other cases the lodge tac- 
tics of working secret wires for his own 
promotion was carried into presbyteries, 
synods and general assemblies, until from 
many comes theibitter complaint of ring 
rule and secret clique domination, even in 
the church. 



SHAMEFUL INITIATION AT WEST- 
MINSTER. 



In our college days there w as some ex- 
citement in respect to secret fraternities — 
.euphemistically so-called. It was Cjuite 



Few colleges have had such a long, 
hard struggle in suppressing secret fra- 
ternities as Westminster, Pa. Several 
years ago the subject was forced to an 
issue by a scries of disgraceful initiations 
which aroused the town and surrounding- 
community. M. T. Mabon'was assaulted 
bv twenty masked students. He was 
overpowered, taken to a held and so 
abused that for some time he was under 
the do'Ctor's care. The same night an- 
other student was enticed to the hase- 
l)all field and given a coat of lamp-l)lack 
and compelled to- sing to the vacant 
seats in the base-ball pavilion. The per- 
secution of ^labon 'Was because lie had 
signed a petition to have fraternities ex- 
l)eHed. On C)ct. 5, 1895, one of the 
strongest anti-frats 'was v,aylaid en the 
road, knocked down, pitched over a 
fence on his head, because he could not 
elimb over after his arms had been 
bound, and he was otherwise shameiully 
treated. iMany of the masked crowd of 
desperadoes were recognized as fraternity 



• OHRiISTIiAJN CYNOSURE. 



December. 1898. 



men. A large number of students de- 
clared their intention of leaving the col- 
lege and gave the faculty forty-eight 
liours to take some decided action. The 
fight had been going on by petition to 
faculty, board of trustees, etc., for years 
without success. The faculty again failed 
to take action and twenty-three young 
men left the college. A number of these 
went to ^luskingum College, Ohio, one 
of whom. Henry S. Gill, furnished us 
with the above facts. 



ANOTHER CORNELL MURDER. 



FRATERNITIES AT YALE. 



Yale college faculty have learned the 
evils of secret fraternities within its pre- 
cincts, and the lesson promises to be a 
salutary one. After the killing of young 
Rustin in the spring of 1892, while un- 
dergoing the hazing process prcliminar\- 
to initiation into one of the Greek-letter 
societies, the faculty decided to banish 
all the societies, but w^as deterred by a 
petition from them, promising in future 
to confine the initiation ceremonies to a 
simple signing of the fraternity constitu- 
tion. This promise was soon broken. 
The spirit of the lodge system was well 
illustrared in this case. Lodge men do 
not consider their promises binding to 
those outside. 



STUDENT MURDERED AT CORNELL. 



In October, 1873, Mortimer M. Leg- 
gett, a student of Cornell University, at 
Ithaca, X. Y., was killed 'while being in- 
itiated into the Kappa Alpha fraternity. 
While he was waiting blindfolded on the 
verge of a precipice, overhanging Six 
Mile Creek near the university, at the 
hour of midnight, he fell over the bank, 
receiving fatal injuries from which he 
died in two- hours. He said in his un- 
conscious delirium: "Oh, boys, don't! 
Oh, 1)oys, take it off!" His l3ody w^'as 
taken to an undertaker's unobserved, 
and the fraternity boys tried to remove 
the body from the town without an in- 
quest, and to keep the report of the crime 
out of the papers. The students were 
not prosecuted and several months after- 
wards, when President C. A. Blanchard 
lectured in Journal Hall, Ithaca, on se- 
cret societies, the fraternity boys broke 
up the meeting in disorder. 



On the night of Feb. 21, 1894, the 
sophomores of CorneH Universitv, at 
Ithaca, N. Y., in attempting to break up 
tlie freshmen banquet, generated chlor- 
ine gas. Several students were over- 
come by the fumes and carried out un- 
conscious, and a colored woman em- 
ployed as cook died from the fumes of 
tlie gas, and the next morning Thomas 
McNeil, a freshman from Pittsburg, died 
also from the effects of the poison. It 
was the result of the annual class riot 
following the freshmen banquet at the- 
old Masonic hall on Tioga street. For a. 
week previous the under classmen had 
been at swords' points. Numerous haz- 
ings had occurred, and more than once 
had the class spirit outreached its proper 
bounds. On one occasion a sophomore, 
■who was attacked by a 'crowd of fresh- 
men, drew a revolver, and snapped awa}' 
at the trigger, but found to his disap- 
pointment that the weapon was empty. 



MONMOUTH COLLEGE FRATERNITIES 



Back in the seventies, and Late in the 
sixties, Monmouth 'College was much 
infested with Greek-letter secret fra- 
ternities, and it was only after much agi- 
tation in the board of directors' meetings 
and in the Ilhnois syno'd th'at they were 
banished. We well remember, when a 
student there, that the old Eccritian hali 
was more than once the scene of excit- 
ing conflicts between the fraters and the 
antis, when elections were held for posi- 
tions of honor. We have seen tlie stu- 
dents divided into O'pposing factions, 
and drawn up in battle array on opposite 
sides of the hall, armed with sticks, 
sliovel and tongs, and, we feared with 
more dangerous weapons, imperiling one 
another's lives. The spirit of the fra- 
ternities was to rule or ruin. They 
sougbt to promote their own members, 
not o^n the ground of merit, but on that 
■of membership in their fraternity. Pres- 
ident D. A. Wallace had been a meml>er 
of a fraternity, and was accused of par- 
tialitv. Early in the seventies, the con- 
flict of the fraternities reached a crisis, 
resulting in a number of the best students 
leaving "the institution for another col- 
IcQ^e. 



December. 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSUiRE. 



DISTRESSING INSTANCE. 



An exceedingly bright and promising 
YOung man, not out of 'his teens, went 
with us to college from a Wisconsin 
home. He was his mother's youngest, 
and the idol of the family. She sent him 
to this college, hundreds of miles away, 
that he might be associated with students 
of settled Christian character. She 
charged us to keep a watchful and kindly 
eye on her darling. For a time he sought 
and seemed to enjoy our companionship. 
He maintained the habhs of his home 
training and was regular in attendance at 
church and prayer meeting. But after a 
while a great change came over him. 
We missed his frequent visits and cheer- 
ful companionship. He was seldom seen 
.at church or prayer meeting. We (w^ere 
suspicious that he had joined one of the 
"frats," and soon found our surmise to 
be correct. The result was that under 
the influence of evil associates he soon 
contracted habits of extravagant and fast 
living, had to leave college and soon 
■went down to a premature grave. 



.BARBAROUSCOLLEGE FRATERNITIES. 



The Xew York Evening Sun of April 
23, 1893, published one of the meanest 
iind most barbarous outrages ever per- 
petrated by Greek-letter fraternities. 
It was also' published in the 'Cincinnati 
Commeroial Gazette of April 21. The 
Sigma Zeta Xu fraternity were about 
to initiate a junior of the (jhio Wesleyan 
University named P. A. Wilson, and 
^lear midnight, four of W^ilson's class- 
mates had him in the Ohi-Phi hall, drill- 
ing him in the ritual, when twelve of the 
De'ha Omicron Alpha fraternitv, who 
also intended to initiate the same man, 
burst into the hall and rained blows 
upon the helpless juniors until they were 
senseless and bleeding. The>- then 
stripped them of their clothes and whip- 
ped them with ropes, and bound them 
hand and foot, branding them on the 
face with the letters "D. O. A." in nitrate 
of silver. The caustic was . allowed to 
stay until it had burned tlirough the 
skin, thus branding five bright young 
men like Texas steers for life. Not sat- 
isfied with this, they burned their legs 
and bare backs into blisters. The perpe- 



trators of this outrage, as usual in such 
cases, were the sons of wealthy parents 
and stood wel'l with the faculty. It was 
pubHsiied that five of the victims filed 
papers entering suit for $100,000 dam- 
ages against their tomentors. The fac- 
ulty expelled eight of these students, 
and prohibited secret fraternities in the 
University. As a result also, the Ohio 
House of Representatives, by a vote of 
sixty-one to two, passed a bill prohibit- 
ing hazing, making the penalt)' fine and 
imprisonment. 



FEMALE FRATERNITY OUTRAGE. 



According to the Cincinnati papers, 
in April, 1893, about twenty young- 
women, students of ^lonett Hall, at 
Delaware, O., caught the hazing spirit 
and O'ue the same night that the young 
men hazed W^ilson and his companions, 
these girls took six of their sister stu- 
dents and proceeded to brand them on 
the neck, breast and arms with nitrate 
of silver. They lay in wait for them until 
after midnight, when the girls were re- 
turning from their society meeting. 
This, coupled with the outrage of the 
male students, threw the citizens of Del- 
aware into a state of oTcat excitement. 



CALIFORNIA STUDENTS' OUTRAGE. 



In the winter of 1895 the Times of 
Pomona, California, reported that the 
faculty of the State University at Berke- 
ley, Cal., had practically excused, if not 
justified, the brutal initiation by a party 
of students of young- Campbell of Los 
Angeles. These young savages shaved 
half of Campbell's head, clipped his eye 
brows, painted characters on different 
parts of his body, and otherwise maltreat- 
ed him; and the faculty reprimanded 
some and suspended others for two 
■weeks! If the same cruelties had been 
conimitted by men. they woiUd have 
been heavily fined or imprisoned or both. 
The university is supported by the State 
and United States, which makes the mat- 
ter worse. The Legislature might have 
spent time usefuhy in an investigation of 
this affair, and in severely discipling the 
faculty who are to blame for the brutali^ 
ties of oriTanized bodies of students. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1898. 



FRIGHTFUL GHOST INITIATION. 



SHOCKING INITIATION IN MISSOUR 



Rev. E. B. Grah'am, the late editor of 
the ^Midland,, in his student days at Mon- 
mouth was enticed into one of the Greek 
letter fraternities, but afterwards re- 
nounced his folly and and testified in 
our hearing- aganisit the ridiculotis and 
sinful initiacion ceremonies. He said the 
room 'was dimly lig^hted, and w*hen the 
bandage was removed from his eyes he 
■was led around 'the room, while the mem- 
bers stood on chairs rigged out in gro- 
tesque- caps and in long gowns reaching 
to the floor, giving them the appearance 
of tall, frightful ghosts. 

The daily press of Boston on O'ct. 6, 
1893, related how the Gamma Delta fra- 
ternitv of young women in the Boston 
University inducted their new memibers 
into the society. The room was dark- 
ened and when the bandages were re- 
moved, in stalked the girls dressed as 
headless ghosts, and with groans and 
sighs they hovered about 'the new-com- 
ers, putting them through a variety of 
gymnastics, such as attempting to climb 
ladders backwards, eating molasses, and 
daubing their chins, as well as many 
other mild tricks. That young women of 
cultured homes who expect to enter re- 
spectable society and preside in Chris- 
tian families should stoop to such buf- 
foonery is truly shameful. 



BOYS FATAL INITIATION. 



In a Xebraska town some years ago, 
the secret society m'ania was carried to 
such an extent that Httle girls, not in 
their teens, were organized into secret 
societies, meeting in parlors with tyled 
doors and blinded Avindows, with secret 
grips and passwords. The daily press 
of Nov. 24, 1893, announced that Charlie 
Willis, twelve years old, w-as shot and 
killed at Springfield, 111., while being in- 
itiated into a secret society composed o^f 
}-oungsters whose ages ran from twelve 
to fifteen years. The society was called 
the S. S. S., standing for Secret Silent 
Shades, and met in a cave in the suburbs 
of the city. They were all arrested, but 
refused to tell how it happened, because 
it was contrary to their oath. Enough 
was testified to prove that the shooting 
was accidental. 



Several years ago the Kansas city pa- 
pers reported a Greek letter society initia- 
tion which eclipses anything we have 
read heretofore. It occurred at the State 
University Nat Columbia. The initiate 
'was bound 'hand and foot, blind-folded, 
and gagged; then he was beaten with, 
clubs and placed in a cofhn. He was 
buried in the athletic field for awhile,. 
and was disinterred only to be stripped, 
and rolled in a mud hole. He was com- 
pelled to sin<^ at midnight in response to^ 
the admonitory kicking of a fellow stu- 
dent. Subsequently he was hung up by 
the arms and branded with cigarettes. 
At 2 a. m., he was pronounced a full- 
lledged Sigma Nu, and a credit to the 
learning of Missouri. Thus this uni- 
versity has the distinction of being first 
in the criminal batbarity of its initiations. 
It must be admitted that these students 
are little better than criminals, and that 
the pubHc would welcome the intelli- 
g'ence that they had been punished as 
their crime deserves. 



STUDENT HAZED TO DEATH. 



The Boston Evening Transcript con- 
tains a ilirilling account of the death by 
hazing of David C. Jones, of the Deca- 
tur, 111., High School. When the boys 
surrounded him on Sept. 6, the first day 
of school, there was a terrific fight. He 
was seventeen years old, but strong and 
heavy fo'r his age. Twenty-two boys, 
most of them about his age, but none of 
them a match for hhn in size, surrounded 
him and undertook to get him down. He 
fought desperately, tossing the boys 
about as if they had been footballs. But 
at last the crowd was too large for him, 
and got him down, and dragged him 
fifty feet to the fence and threw him over. 
He fell in a heap on the sidew^alk, and 
lay there too weak from the struggle to 
rise. This was his last day at school. 
He stayed in bed next day. An abscess 
formed in his back as a result of the 
strain, and deiath followed. It is some- 
w'hat significant that the news of such 
outrages seldom gets into the local pa- 
pers, or even our city dailies, but reaches 
us via Boston or Philadelphia. 



December, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOiSUiRE. 



235 



SUMMARY OF OBJECTIONS. 



EXPERIENCE OF BRO. GALLOWAY. 



College secret societies are expensive 
and lead to extravagance. They absorb 
tlie time, money, talent and interest that 
should be devoted to literary pursuits. 
Thev are the cause of the decline of the 
once flourishing literary societies of our 
colleges. They break the confidence ])e- 
tween parent and child, and substitute 
club Hfe for family and domestic relations. 
The voung man and woman have crossed 
the danger line when they have secrets 
they dare not tell to their parents. They 
inspire lawlessness, crime and disorder. 
Their champagne suppers and dances are 
the starting point of many down the road 
to ruin. They wink at immorality and 
hold up profane and vulgar students, en- 
abling them to live dual lives, and de- 
priving them of their rights of true moral 
education 'which faculties are morally 
bound to give. They conceal vice, pre- 
vent justice and cover rottenness. 

They are a serious menace to modern 
education, by not only dictating the so- 
cial affairs of students in most American 
colleges, but by dictating to faculties and 
trustees. And this dictatorship is in- 
variably used in the interests of the fra- 
ternity and to promote the welfare of its 
members, the interests of the college be- 
ing of secondary importan'ce. These fra- 
ternities have created a false aristocracy 
and caste among students which divide 
entire schools into rival factions, create 
general disorder and make many per- 
sonal enmities which ought not to be. 
Those who are not invited to join natur- 
ally feel indignant that a fellow-student 
s'hould look down on them because for- 
tune has not favored them with enough of 
wit or monev to become a "frater," and 
they feel that they are discriminated 
agauist in a subtil and unjust manner. 
Thus fraternities cultivate an unseemly 
pride, and a narrowness in friendship 
which is detrimental to the cultivation of 
Christian character, and antagonistic to 
a broad-minded and liberal citizenship. 
F-or these and other reasons the Greek 
letter secret system of social traimng 
should at once be banished from every 
school and college. 

A National Christian Citizenship con- 
vention will be held in Washington, D. 
C, Dec. 13-15. 



Rev. J. B. GalloAvay, of Poynettc, Wis., 
has had an interesting experience \rith 
the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity. He 
joined it in his student days at Monmouth 
College, where it was one of the most 
popular and one of the better class of the 
fraternities. He says there was no spe- 
cial ceremonies in the initiation, besides 
taking the pledge. There were few of 
the Monmouth Deltas at that time who 
would have submitted to a low, degrad- 
ing initiation. Their simple form was 
what beguiled some of the honest stu- 
dents. It may be that Monmouth was 
granted a special dispensation. But cer- 
tainly it was not so with all the fraterni- 
ties. 

A few years ago Bro. Galloway re- 
ceived an invitation from the Delta Fra- 
ternity of the State University at Aladi- 
son. Wis., to attend one of their ban- 
quets, to which he replied: "As a min- 
ister of the gospel, I would not feel jus- 
tified in spending money in that way, 
while there is so much need of it in other 
directions. Moreover, it does not look 
well for a Christian to be reveling in the 
midst of wine and cigars. What think 
ye? W'hen I was a child I thought, 
spake, and understood as a child, but 
when I became a man I put away childish 
things. If young men in all our institu- 
tions of learning would give their whole 
time and attention to the regular work 
in hand, rather than fooling it away on 
these doubtful and extra societies, they 
would be gainers in honor and power in 
the end. 

'T now believe all these societies to be a 
source of danger and disturbance in all 
institutions where they exist, and hurt- 
ful to their own members, because they 
are secret by obligation and therefore 
often prove a snare to members. They 
are numanly institutions in their ten- 
dency. Let every man stand on his own 
merits, and do to all others as he would 
be done by. They are clannish and tend 
to separate those who would otherwise 
1)e close friends. They tend to enducate 
young men for the lower class of secret 
orders, such as our wisest and best men 
have condemned. All secret orders are 
un-American." 

Bro. Galloway not only sent this letter 
to the fraternitv, but had on several oc- 



230 



CHRISTIAN CYNO'SURB, 



December. 189S. 



casions publicly renounced his allegiance 
to it, and warned the students ag-ainst it. 
At a meeting in the court house at Port- 
age, Wis., before a lar^^e audience in an 
anti-secret address, he confessed that he 
had once joined this fraternity, but had 
renounced it. Evidently he was reported 
to the Delta Tau Delta head office at Mt. 
Savage, ]\Iaryland,, and it seems that they 
concluded to make an example of him; 
for some time afterwards Bro. Galloway 
received a letter from the head secretary 
of the fraternity, Henry T .Bruck, of Mt. 
Savage, telling him that by unanimous 
vote of the Arch Chapter of Delta Tau 
Delta he was charged with treachery to 
the fraternity obligations. The specifica- 
tions were as follows: "It is charged that 
vou inveigh against college fraternities in 
general, and against Delta Tau Delta in 
particular, and confess openly your re- 
pentence for, and shame at. having in 
vour foolish youth become a member of 
Delta Tau Delta, and thereby sanctioned 
secret orders. It is furthermore charged 
that you have endeavored by means of 
letter and tract to discourage and draw 
from their fraternity allegiance certain 
members of the Delta Tau Delta fra- 
ternitv, notably the members of the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin at Madison." 

Bro. Galloway gladly entered upon his 
defense, freely admitting that he had 
sinned, but that his sin consisted in tak- 
ing the obHgation, not in violating it. 
His masterly defense is a strong arraign- 
ment of college fraternities, and was pub- 
lished in the Cynosure of January, 1898, 
which was sent to the General Secretary 
of the Delta Tau Delta at Mt. Savage, 
who replied to Bro. Galloway as follows: 
'T beg to advise you in the matter of the 
charg'es of disloyalty, etc., brought 
against youby Chapter Beta Gamma, and 
which were recently investigated by Mr. 
L. K. Malvern, that the following motion 
disposing of your case was passed by the 
Arch Chapter: 

''.That while the charges against the 
Rev. J. B. Galloway are proven, the 
Arch Chapter acepts his statement con- 
cerning his connection with the fratern- 
ity; that he severed his connection with 
the fraternity in the manner allowable 
under the lax methods at the time speci- 
fied; and he is not now a member of the 
fraternity; and that his name be omitted 
from the fraternity catalogue.' " 



It is truly amazing that thes^e college- 
trained men should make such a farcical 
attempt to impress men that their foolish 
fraternity obligations are perpetually 
binding; that, as the Masons say, once a 
Delta always a Delta. In the case of 
Bro. Galloway, "the net is broken and the 
bird has escaped," but are there not many 
college graduates who regard these sin- 
ful obligations as binding in after life and 
use them to carry out their ambitious 
schemes, just as do the members of the 
most dangerous secret political societies. 



OVERRUNNING THE CHICAGO UNI- 
VERSITY. 



It was at first hoped that the great: 
Baptist University of Chicago would be 
kept free of these secret society pests, 
through the reported opposition of Presi- 
dent Harper. But the Guide Post Her- 
ald says that "the college fraternities are 
well represented at the university, and 
eight of the most prominent societies are 
already established among the students. 
As yet no chapter houses 'have been erect- 
ed, but several of the societies are formu- 
lating plans for their erection within the 
near future.'' At the beginning of its 
second ferm, with an enroMment of 600 
students, the faculty was compelled to 
face this question. It was reported that 
President Harper had expressed himself 
as opposed to them, but the formidable 
list of "thou shalt nots," handed to the 
students were silent in regard to a rule 
excluding the fraternities. The first 
started was the Delta Kappa Epsilon. 
which, says the Inter Ocean, was due to 
the persevering efforts and untiring zeal 
of several Chicagoans, including Judge 
Julius Grinnell and others, who were 
members of the D. K, E. Alumni Asso- 
ciation. The above daily published: 
"The Inter Ocean knows that Dr. Har- 
per has no antagonism to secret societies, 
and that it was the faculty and not he 
that notified the students long ago that 
secret societies would not be permitted." 

It is significant that a number of the 
professors who came to Chicago Uni- 
versity from Yale and Harvard, and who 
were originally enthusiasts on Greek let- 
ter societies, and who are still members 
thereof, were the first to insist that they 
should have no foothold in the university. 
But they have never been absolutely pro- 



December, 1898. 



OHRISTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



hibited. A dangerous compromise had 
been effected with one which had been 
organized before the facuhy thought it 
necessary to take action. This vvas tlie 
camel's nose, which has opened the way 
for the entrance of his whole body. The 
Sigma Chi fraternity was founded in 1858 
in ]\liami University, Ohio, and now has 
a chapter in Chicago University. Dur- 
ing the civil war it had a chapter in one 
of the brigades of the rebel army. It 
has a secret journal printed on thin pa- 
per and circulated in sealed envelopes 
and filled with matter too sacred for or- 
dinary mortals. This fraternity sna'ked 
its way into Perdue University several 
years ago, defying the rules of the uni- 
versity and the wishes O'f the faculty. A 
long litigation followed their expulsion. 
Finally the Free Masons in the State 
Legislature took up the quarrel for the 
defeated students. The university being 
a State institution, dependent entirely on 
the Legislature for funds, they withheld 
all appropriations and compelled Presi- 
dent White to resign, and secured a 
change of the law" against secret societies. 



If you do not see what you want ask for it. 

Question — Where and when did 
Knights Templarism originate? — ^R. 
C. L. 

Answer — Emanuel Rebokl, a recog- 
nized Masonic historian, confirms the 
statement of Morris that their origin can 
be traced to De Molay of Cyprus, who 
early in the thirteenth century dame to 
Frau'ce wiith sixty knights, where he was 
burnt 'at the stake for the sin of ido'latry 
and other crimes. The Encyclopedia 
Britannica says: "The singular myth 
that modern Freemasonry is derived 
^ through Scotland from the historical oir- 
der Oif tile Templars has been treated in 
great detail an'd finally destroyed by 
Wilckein his historv of the order, 2 vols., 
Halle, i860." 



Question — Are the Knights of Pythias 
as cheap and safe an insurance order as 
in years past? — -J. W. C. 

Answer — ^Like all secret insurance or- 
ders the K. P.'s rates for insurance have 



been increasing as new orders come into 
existence and absorb the new members. 
TJie grand lodge of the K. P.'s, which 
met recently in Galesburg, 111., legisla- 
ted to increase the per capita tax for in- 
surance from 50 to 75 cents per year. 



Question — Is the growth of the 
Knights of Pythias as rapid as in former 
years?— C. W. P. 

Answer — No; Supreme Chancellor 
Colgrove, in his report to the last Su- 
preme Lodge, says, "We are forced t(j 
a re^alization of the fact that the remark- 
able growth of the order, on this conti- 
nent at least, is a thing of the past.'' 



Question — Can you tell me how much 
the Oddfellow and Rebekah lodges paid 
out last vear for the relief of their mem- 
bers?— J. \N. D. 

Answer — The latest statistics to which 
we have access are for 1897, and report 
that for the relief of their members they 
expended that year $3,364,629.41, w^hile 
the total expense of these orders that 
year for salaries, rents, paraphernalia 
and socials amounted to $3,965,153.70. 
That is the cost of running the machin- 
ery ot' these great benevolent organiza- 
tions was $600,524.29 more than they 
gave for charities. 



Question — ^What do you now con- 
sider to be the weakest point in vour 
N. C. F. lines of work?— L. C. \\'. 

Answer — The weak point in our line 
is in not having a strong, devoted, anti- 
secret lecturer in every State in the 
Union. Tlie field is 'wiiite for the har- 
vest, and the time is short. We believe 
there is no service for the ^Master so 
loudly calling for laborers, and where 
one can labor so effectually for the sal- 
vation of souls. 

Question — Was not Frances E. Will- 
'ard at one time connected with a ladies" 
college fraternity? — A. AI. L. 

Answer — So far as we know ]\liss 
Wi'llard was once made an honorary 
member of the Alpha Beta Tau girls' 
fraternity, which was organized in the 
Oxford Fem'ale Institute, ^liss. She 
could not have kno'wn much of the na- 
ture of these fraternities, for she referred 
to them as ''gardens of girls." But ^\liss 



CHKISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1898. 



Willard's testimony is on record as op- 
posed to secret societies. 



€mtonal» 



SHOULD THE GOVERNMENT INTER 
FERE? 



A private letter has fallen into onr 
Iiands written by one of the most influ- 
ential editors in Ohio, in which he says: 
"With regard to the matter you speak 
-concerning secret societies, I would say 
that it is a subject on which I have never 
been particularly enthused. I confess 
that most of these societies, with their 
imiform-s and plumes and parades, are 
very tiresome to me. Nothing would in- 
duce me to belong to one, as 1 think I 
can put in my time in some better way 
than I can see in these societies. At the 
same time, while I exercise my right as 
an individual citizen, not to unite with 
any of these societies, I see no ground on 
which the government has any right to 
interfere with other persons who think 
differentlv from me, and who choose to 
organize such associations. If a man 
vio'lates the laws or commits offense 
against his fellow men, then it is the 
business of the government to sustain 
the laws and protect the man who is be- 
ing injured, but I fail to be able to see 
that it is any concern of mine if certain 
other men like to unite together for any 
purpose whatever, provided in their so 
uniting they do not violate the laws. If 
they do, the government s'hould take 
knowledge of the act of the individual, 
and not of the question whether he be- 
longs to a certain society or not." 

This good prohibition editor, whose 
editorials and speeches on the industrial 
and liquor problems we have read with 
much satisfaction, is evidently not in- 
formed on the lodge question. If he 
were he cold not say that he was not in- 
terested. With him it is only a question 
of information. He has read and stud- 
led and observed on the saloon question 
until he is convinced that it is not only 
necessary to take knowledge of the act 
of the individual drunkard who has vio- 
lated the law, but of the saloon which, 
even if it has sold him drink according 
to law, yet it has induced him to commit 



the crime and should be prohibited by 
the government. Now if he will as care- 
fuhy post himself on the horrid oaths 
and penalties of Freemasonry, which he 
may easily do from the testimony of 
scores of seceded Masons, he must come 
to the conclusion that a man who has 
taken, and still adheres to the Master's 
oath to conceal any secret crime of a 
brother of that degree, murder and trea- 
son excepted, cannot be a safe man to 
intrust with office in our government. 
He cannot be safely trusted as a witness, 
a juror, or with any office connected with 
the administration of justice. He will 
find that in the Royal Arch he swears to 
espouse the cause of a brother of this de- 
gree when involved in any difficulty so 
far as to extricate him from the same, 
whether he be right or wrong. He 
swears to conceal his crimes, murder and 
treason not excepted Can he avoid the 
conclusion that men who adhere to these 
oaths are unsafe in any office — that men 
■wiho have come under such special obli- 
gations to the few are unsafe to govern 
the whole? He must recognize that 
sworn or pledged secret society favorit- 
ism strikes at the fundamental prin- 
ciple of all just government, equality 
before, the law. Our editorial friend 
should ponder the facts contained in the 
article of Rev. J. P. Stoddard in this 
number. 



TYRANNY OF LABOR UNIONS. 



The most ominous war cloud on our 
national horizon is the tyranny of secret 
labor organizations. Their selfish pur- 
pose is to bar from employment all who 
are not members of their societies. It is 
selfishness gone mad. Bro. H. M. Hu- 
gunin sends us the following facts as an 
illustration : 

"The recent controversy between the 
W. B. Conkey Company, book manu-, 
facturers in this city, employing several 
hundred persons in their business, shows 
the impudence of the printers' unions 
and the tyranny which they would exer- 
cise over those for whom they work. For 
some time Mr. Conkey, the principal of 
the company, has contemplated remov- 
ing his business from the city, so as to 
be out of the influence of these unions. 
Quite recently he has fitted up a large 
manufacturing plant at Hammond, Ind., 



December, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOjSUHE. 



239 



and when he was ready to remove his 
business from his Chicago location, he 
discharged all his union printers, as he 
had an undoubted right to do, designing 
henceforth to employ only such printers, 
binders, etc., in his business as he pleas- 
ed. Having removed his portable prop- 
erty to the new stand, he proceeded to 
hire hands to do his work independently 
of the Chicago unions, selecting them 
without respect to their affiliation with 
the labor organizations. But this Typo- 
graphical Union No. i6, of Chicago, to 
whom many of his discharged men be- 
longed, objected and followed him to 
Hammond, demanding to have the old 
hands reinstated in his office. To this 
Mr. Conkey gave a blank refusal, unless 
they caaiie in free from their union affilia- 
tions, ready to work with non-union 
men, and subject only to his control. The 
union at once declared war upon the es- 
tablishment, became riotous, and en- 
deavored to make things decidedly un- 
pleasant for Mr. Conkey. But Mr. Con- 
key was no longer a Chicago employer, 
nor even a manufacturer under the laws 
of Illinois, and stoutly resisted their 
claims and their rights to interfere fur- 
ther in his afifairs. Several of the lead- 
ers in the union were arrested for their 
disorderly conduct, and the citizens of 
Indiana began to talk earnestly of form- 
ing an active vigilance committee to 
quell the belligerents. At last accounts, 
Mr. Conkev held the fort." 



INITIATION THAT MAY PROVE FATAL. 



In the daiily press of Nov. i8 is a 
special from Moline, 111., stating that Dr. 
William P. Sensibaugh, a dentist of Port 
Byron, jus't east 'of that city, is in a seri- 
ous condition as the resulit of pranks 
played upon while being initiated in a 
fratern^'.l insurance lodge in that village. 
During the initiatory ceremonies he was 
blindfolded and given several sHght 
shocks from a live wire. The bandage 
over his eyes having become loosened, 
he sought to outwit those having fun 'at 
his expense by locating the wire and at- 
tempting to avoid it. One of the initiat- 
ing team, seeing the candidate was about 
to evade the wire, gave hiri a shove, 
^\hich unfortunately proved sufficient to 



throw him off his balance, and he fell 
hiands down upon the battery itself, re- 
ceiving a shock which rendered him un- 
conscious. After working over him for 
two hours and finally reviving him, it 
was discovered that his right arm hung- 
limp and loo'se, and in this condition it 
has remained ever since. A week ago 
the doctor 'was stricken with an affection 
of the pneumogastric nerve. Since then 
he has been kept up mainly througli 
electrical treatment. One of the attend- 
ing physicians says that paralysis of the 
nerves is threatened, in which event the 
sufferer cannot live. 

This recalls the tragic death of Hon. 
Edward W. Curry of Leon, Iowa, one of 
the most pro-minent politicians and crim- 
inal lawyers in the state, who died at Des 
Moines, Nov. i8, 1896, as the result of 
being partially electrocuted during an in- 
itiation a few nights previous in an Elk 
lodge. Life imprisonment should have 
been the least punishment meted out to 
the actors in this crime, and vet thev 
were not even brought to trial. The 
Philadelphia Evening Telegraph com- 
ments as follows on the Moline outrage: 
"Perhaps the serious results of a mock 
'initiation' in a secret society at IMoline, 
Hi., reported by us yesterday, mav open 
the public eye to this abuse. On the 
other hand, things of the same general 
character have been reported before 
now, and with no effect. It is known that 
these so-called 'pranks' are being con- 
stantly played, but the conditions of se- 
crecy surrounding them are so success- 
fully employed that only when the re- 
sults are serious do the facts crop out. 
But mischief is often undoubtedh- 
worked which does not become public. 
If it is useless to appeal to the sense of 
propriety of these, alleged jokers, the 
law ma}' be properly invoked . to stop 
such trifling with life and limb. In the 
Moline initiation a magnetic batterrv was 
employed, through which the neophvte 
was paralyzed, probably fatally. If the 
victim dies the ringleaders in the joke 
should be made amenalVie to a charge of 
manslaughter. An example and prece- 
dent of that sort miQ-ht oe •-•'holesome.'* 



The Bible should be the reformer's 
great text-book. Let every reform issue 
be brought to this supreme standard. 



!40 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1898. 



FREEMASONRY IN TURKEY. 



A quantity of anti-secret books and 
tracts were sent from this office some 
vx-eeks ago to Rev. R. J. Dodds, mission- 
ary of the R. P. Cliurch at Mersine, Tur- 
key. In ackno\yledg-ing their receipt, 
])ro. Dodds \yrites us from Mersine, un- 
der date of October 14, as follows: 

I showed some of the tracts you sent 
me to Rev. T. D. Christie, President of 
St. Paul's Institute, who was pleased with 
them and says if he were to return to 
America he would take up three lines of 
reform work, that against secret societies, 
against intemperance, and for the recog- 
nition of God in the United States Con- 
stitution. A college classmate in Boston 
has been writing him of the evil working 
of the secret lodge in America, not only 
in politics, but even in the church. Free- 
masonry exists here and is powerful. The 
Sultan and all prominent Turks are 
members of the 'dionorable order," and 
their murders do not seem to count 
against their Masonic standing. Then 
there are secret religions, as of the 
Druses, Yezidees and Fellahin. There 
are also secret societies among the Ar- 
menians working for the overthrow of 
Turkish tyranny. 

I am as much interested in the war 
against the secret empire as any one, and 
I preach against it, and talk against it; 
but to assume to write items of interest, 
illustrating its workings in this country 
is impossible. It is not so easy to get 
news as in America. What makes it 
hard to learn facts until long after they 
have occurred, is that there are no news- 
papers, no railroads, virtually no tele- 
graphic communications, no general 
language and no places in which people 
can congregate freely and talk to'gether. 
I know there are many Masons in Mer- 
sine, Tarsus and Adana, but I cannot 
learn where they meet, or if they have a 
regular lodge; reports are very conflict- 
ing. You can scarcely know anything 
in this country that you do not see with 
vour own eyes. You hear a story and 
try to get it confirmed; and almost every 
man you talk with has a different version 
of it.' 

Certain it is that every government of- 
ficial who has salary enough to pay lodge 
dues, is a Mason. So is every man in any 



important position, such as the promin- 
ent men in the Ottoman Bank, and the 
men who hold salaried positions in the 
g-overnment. I have no doubt that Ma- 
sonry gives them their positions and their 
successes. I do not believe that any man 
who makes a comfortable living in Tiu-- 
key, so far as my observation goes, makes 
it honorably. I think that nearly all for- 
eign consuls and representatives of for- 
eign governments are fellows of the 
craft, and that they favor the brethren of 
the craft, to the disadvantage of Christian 
workers. But there is no way to ascer- 
tain facts of this kind in regard to which 
you are morally certain, so that you could 
take oath to them legally. Do not think 
it is because we are unwilling or uninter- 
ested that we do not send you items of 
news with reference to secrecy here. 

I presume that if you and I could talk 
over mission work, we would not hold 
very different views. I believe your work 
is real mission work, and that it will tell 
for the conversion of the world as much 
as ours in a heathen land. I believe the 
quickest method of evangelizing the 
^ world would be to Christianize a govern- 
ment like our own. At the same time I 
believe 'that a people should be prepared 
by preaching to individuals in heathen 
lands, then when your reform work and 
that of others is successful at home, there 
will be a Christian force prepared to di- 
rect the minds of enquirers in other 
lands. There must be a force of believers 
ready to illustrate the philosophy of sal- 
vation and to preach the gospel. Our 
work indirectly helps your work, and 
that of other reformers. You often 
preach to those who have but dim vision, 
and who are but babes in Christ. This is 
the experience of every reformer. His 
hearers will often be in doubt whether 
they are preaching Christ, and whether 
their work is gospel -work. To decide this 
they scrutinize the reformer's personal 
character, and even if he passes this test 
they often set his doctrine down as a 
hobby, unless their attention is called to 
the fact that he represents a church or 
body of believers who hold similar views. 
And when the character of the church ex- 
cites their admiration by exemplifying 
pure and noble traits of Christian char- 
acter, this is the strongest inducement for 
them to accept the reformer's ideas. 



December, 1898. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



241 



REV, WILLIAM COPLEY SMITH, 



One who had known Bro. Smith from 
yo'Uth, says 'that, if put to the test, ht* 
would have kid down his life in defense 
of what he believed 'to be princi])le. lie 
was outspoken in his testimony against 
wliat he believed to be wrong in either 
church or state. He was teacher and 
missionary in Alabama at t^he outbreak 
of the Civil War. His bold oppo'sition 
to secession brought on him the ven- 
geance of the South. He was assaulted 
and severely beaten, and was about to 
be hung, and was saved only through the 
most earnest intervention of friends. At 
length he was sent to Richmond, and 
then to a flag of truce United States 
steamer. His description of his feelings 
when he stood once more under the "Old 
Flag" was thrilling, indeed. He was ap- 
pointed chaplain of a Northern regiment 
and served tiM the end of the war. His 
wife, though a Southern woman, clung 
loyaily to him through all his terrible 
experience. 

Mr. Smith was a minister in the Pres- 
byterian church, a graduate of Jefferson 
College and of the New Albany, Indiana, 
Theological Seminary, and was home 
missionary for many years in Minnesota. 
He died Oct. 15, 1897, at the home of his 
daughter, M<rs. Geo. T. Parmely, ot 
Avalon, Pa. His bodv rests in the ceme- 
tery at'Blairsville, Pa. He joined the 
Masons in Georgia, and 'went through 
the Knights Templar degree, but soon 
gave up the lodge. His daughter, Mrs. 
Parmelv, writes, that he expressed hnn- 
sel'f in very strong terms against all se- 
cret societies. While preaching in Min- 
nesota and Wisconsin some years ago, 
he gave strong testimony against the 
lodge. At Lima Center, Wis., about 
ten years ago, he preached in the Pres- 
byterian church north of the village, and 
said to one of the elders: "Some men 
deny that in the Knights Templar degree 
the 'candidate is required to drink wnie 
from a human skull, 1)Ut I know they do; 
for I took that degree, and I had to drink 
wine from a human skull." Thk^testi- 
nionv from a Presbvterian minister is 
valuable. T. De Witt Talmage says that 
as so manv Freemasons are also sincere 
Christians! "perhaps the obligations of 
a Freemason are not as stringent as the 
opponents of the order imagine." But 



here is the testimony of a minister in his 
own denomination, corroborating that ci 
a long list of faithful witnesses. Sister 
Parmel}^ writes, 'Tt is worth everything 
to me and my children to have had such 
an earnest. Christian father. It is rare 
to find a man these days, who is as strict 
in the observance of Christian duly as he 
was." 



A PRESBYTERIAN'S OPINION OF THE 
CONCLAVE. 



"S. S. G.," the Pittsburg correspondent 
of the I'resbyterian, Philadelphia, Pa., 
thus speaks of the late conclave in that 
city: 

Last week was one of the busiest ever 
seen in Pittsburg. The occasion was 
the Triennial Conclave of the Knjght 
Templars. The whole city was thrown 
open for their entertainment, and in the 
whirl of the intense enthusiasm, moral 
and religious principles were lamentably 
crowded aside. The Sabbatli afternoon 
was conspicuously given up to system- 
atic carriage drives to and through the 
parks. Concerts of anything but a sacred 
character were given for the entertain- 
ment of the Knights, and Sabbath dese- 
cration received a decided impulse. All 
through the week there was festivity and 
general gayety never excelled even in 
Pa